32,068 results match your criteria Hydrocephalus


Lysophosphatidic acid receptor type 2 activation contributes to secondary damage after spinal cord injury in mice.

Brain Behav Immun 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia, Institut de Neurociències, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, 08193, Spain. Electronic address:

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an extracellular lipid mediator involved in many physiological functions by signaling through six known G-protein-coupled receptors (LPA-LPA). In the central nervous system (CNS), LPA mediates a wide range of effects, including neural progenitor cell physiology, astrocyte and microglia activation, neuronal cell death, axonal retraction, and contributions to pain, schizophrenia and hydrocephalus. We recently reported that LPA-LPA signaling mediates functional deficits and myelin loss after spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More

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December 2018

A Case of Mistaken Identity: Glutaric Aciduria Type I Masquerading as Postmeningitic Hydrocephalus.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:50. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology and Imaging, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

We report the characteristic neuroimaging features of a rare metabolic leukodystrophy in an 8-year-old boy, born of consanguineous parenthood. The child presented with macrocrania, regression of milestones, and dystonia. The patient was referred for magnetic resonance imaging with a clinical diagnosis of postmeningitic hydrocephalus. Read More

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November 2018

Endovascular management of ruptured distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: A retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13300

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine.

Distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysm is a kind of rare intracranial aneurysm with controversial evidence in managements. The main purposes of this research are to study the safety and effectiveness of parent artery occlusion (PAO) compared with selective aneurysm coiling (SAC) as well as figure out factors that affect the outcomes.All characteristics of patients that diagnosed with ruptured distal PICA aneurysm and treated with endovascular management in our hospital from July 2009 to February 2016 were retrospectively collected. Read More

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December 2018

Surgical outcomes after reoperation for recurrent non-skull base meningiomas.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVERecurrent meningiomas are primarily managed with radiation therapy or repeat resection. Surgical morbidity after reoperation for recurrent meningiomas is poorly understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to report surgical outcomes after reoperation for recurrent non-skull base meningiomas. Read More

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November 2018

Aneurysm rebleeding before therapy: a predictable disaster?

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVECurrent guidelines for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) include early aneurysm treatment within 72 hours after ictus. However, aneurysm rebleeding remains a crucial complication of SAH. The aim of this study was to identify independent predictors allowing early stratification of SAH patients for rebleeding risk. Read More

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November 2018

Elective neurosurgical humanitarian care in a deployed setting.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E8

OBJECTIVEActive-duty neurosurgical coverage has been provided at Bagram Air Force Base in Afghanistan since 2007. Early operative logs were reflective of a large number of surgical procedures performed to treat battlefield injuries. However, with maturation of the war effort, the number of operations for battlefield injuries has decreased with time. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison of carotid and basilar bifurcation aneurysms versus non-T-angled bifurcations: the geometry is associated with the outcome.

Neurosurg Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Goethe-University Hospital, Schleusenweg 2-16, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Patients with ruptured aneurysms of carotid bifurcation artery seem to suffer less often from cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury and have a better clinical outcome. Aim of our study was to identify differences in clinical course and outcome in aneurysms of terminus segments (carotid bifurcation artery and basilar tip) compared to aneurysms of other aneurysm locations except carotid bifurcation artery and basilar tip. Patients with SAH were entered into a prospectively collected database (1999 to June 2014). Read More

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December 2018

Pathologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings in pulmonary and encephalitic cryptococcosis in a goat.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Dec 12:1040638718816358. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratories of Animal Pathology (Headley, Michelazzo, Oliveira), Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

We describe the pathologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings associated with pulmonary and encephalitic cryptococcosis in a 3-y-old, mixed-breed, nanny goat from central-west Brazil. The goat had progressive neurologic signs over 30 d; cryptococcosis was diagnosed antemortem by cytologic evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment was initiated, but the animal died spontaneously shortly thereafter. Read More

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December 2018

Complications of Decompressive Craniectomy.

Front Neurol 2018 20;9:977. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has become the definitive surgical procedure to manage medically intractable rise in intracranial pressure due to stroke and traumatic brain injury. With incoming evidence from recent multi-centric randomized controlled trials to support its use, we could expect a significant rise in the number of patients who undergo this procedure. Although one would argue that the procedure reduces mortality only at the expense of increasing the proportion of the severely disabled, what is not contested is that patients face the risk of a large number of complications after the operation and that can further compromise the quality of life. Read More

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November 2018

Quality of life and physician-reported developmental, cognitive, and social problems in children with benign external hydrocephalus-long-term follow-up.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Medicine K1, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Introduction: Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is characterized by too rapidly increasing head circumference in infants, combined with typical neuroimaging findings. Psychomotor developmental delay is typically seen during the first few years of life; after that, the children's development assumedly normalizes. However, little is known about the long-term effects of BEH. Read More

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December 2018

Absence of Disproportionately Enlarged Subarachnoid Space Hydrocephalus, a Sharp Callosal Angle, or Other Morphologic MRI Markers Should Not Be Used to Exclude Patients with Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus from Shunt Surgery.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

From the Hydrocephalus Research Unit (S.A., M.W., P.H., C.W., M.T.), Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology.

Background And Purpose: Several studies have evaluated the use of MR imaging markers for the prediction of outcome after shunt surgery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus with conflicting results. Our aim was to investigate the predictive value of a number of earlier proposed morphologic MR imaging markers in a large group of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Materials And Methods: One hundred sixty-eight patients (mean age, 70 ± 9. Read More

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December 2018

Tonsillar herniation as a complication of lumboperitoneal shunt: case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Neurosurgery, An Nan Hospital , China Medical University , Tainan , Taiwan.

Tonsillar herniation is a rare and seldom reported complication after lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting. There have been only few reports that have presented possible options for treatment with varying degrees of success. In this report, we describe a rare case of tonsillar herniation after LP shunting and review related literature. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Features and Prognostic Risk Factors of Choroid Plexus Tumors in Children.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2938-2946

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital; Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

Background: Decision-making concerning the treatment of choroid plexus tumor (CPT) in pediatric patients remains a topic of considerable debate. The aim of this work was to describe clinical features and prognostic risk factors of CPT in the pediatric population and to provide theoretical opinions regarding clinical decisions for CPT.

Methods: The data of 96 patients with CPT and younger than 14 years were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
1.016 Impact Factor

Kyphectomy in neonates with meningomyelocele.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Medicine, Department of Neonatology, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Purpose: Kyphosis is the most severe spinal deformity associated with meningomyelocele (MMC) and is seen in approximately 15% of neonates. Our purpose is to present our clinical experience, to discuss the technique and deformity correction in kyphectomy in neonates with MMC, and to assess its long-term outcomes.

Method: In this prospective study, the authors reviewed eight cases submitted to surgery between 2013 and 2015. Read More

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December 2018
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School performance in children with infantile hydrocephalus: a nationwide cohort study.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 22;10:1721-1731. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark,

Purpose: Little is known about the prognosis for school performance among children with all-cause infantile hydrocephalus (IHC). Using detailed educational data, we investigated the school performance for IHC patients compared to other children in Denmark.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study of all live-born children in Denmark (1977-2015) based on data from the Danish national health registers and the Danish educational register. Read More

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November 2018

Outcomes and resource utilization in surgery for Chiari I malformation in a national network of children's hospitals.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Introduction: Chiari malformation type 1 (CM-1) is a common congenital or acquired malformation of the posterior fossa. We aimed to characterize preoperative risk factors, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes related to CM-1 surgery in pediatric populations across a nationwide network of pediatric hospitals in the United States (US).

Methods: The Children's Hospital Association's Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database was used to examine patients < 21 years old in the US-based nationwide database who underwent inpatient surgery for CM-1 from 2007 to 2015. Read More

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December 2018

Predictors of cognitive function in the acute phase after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, P.B. 4950, Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Cognitive dysfunction is the most common form of neurological impairment after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) in the chronic phase. Cognitive deficits in the acute phase after aSAH, however, remain scarcely investigated. The aim of the present study was to test cognitive function and to identify medical predictors of cognitive deficits in the acute phase of aSAH. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery for Parkinson Disease Coexisting With Communicating Hydrocephalus: A Case Report.

Front Neurol 2018 23;9:1011. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Hospital Clínico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

We report a successful bilateral globus pallidus internus-deep brain stimulation (GPi-DBS) for a Parkinson disease (PD) patient with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) and an unusually long anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC-PC) line. A 54-year-old man presented with a history of 3 months of severe shuffling gait, rigidity, slow movements of the left side limbs, and difficulty managing finances. A brain MRI revealed marked ventriculomegaly (Evans index = 0. Read More

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November 2018
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Cord Compression Caused by a Tangled and Warped Lumbar Catheter After Lumboperitoneal Shunt Placement.

Neurospine 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

The present study reports the case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) placement for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. After LPS placement, the patient presented with radicular pain. A computed tomography scan revealed that the intradural lumbar catheter was tangled at the T11 vertebra; therefore, we decided to remove the catheter under local anesthesia. Read More

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October 2018
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Central diabetes insipidus: A rare complication of IVH in a very low birth weight preterm infant.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

A 710 g male infant was born at a referring hospital at a gestational age of 23 weeks and 2 days via vaginal delivery and was transferred to our facility at 14 days of age. His delivery was complicated by the breech presentation with difficult head extraction. The infant's initial course was significant for respiratory distress syndrome, grade III-IV intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), acute kidney injury, and large PDA. Read More

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December 2018

Listeria monocytogenes rhombencephalitis in a patient with multiple sclerosis during fingolimod therapy.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Nov 24;27:409-411. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Inonu University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Malatya, Turkey.

Objective: To describe a case of Listeria monocytogenes rhombencephalitis in a patient receiving fingolimod.

Methods: This is a case study.

Results: Our patient developed acute rhombencephalitis with hydrocephalus induced with Listeria monocytogenes while on fingolimod. Read More

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November 2018

Outcome of Ventriculo-peritoneal Shunt Surgery in Human Immunodeficiency Virus - Positive Patients on Combination Antiretroviral Therapy with Tuberculosis Meningitis and Hydrocephalus.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background: In 2000 we advised against insertion of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) complicated by hydrocephalus. However, this was in the era when combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) was not freely available in South Africa. In this subsequent preliminary report, we describe the outcome of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunting in patients with TBM and hydrocephalus that are HIV positive and receiving ART. Read More

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December 2018

Temporal profile of serum mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH).

Mitochondrion 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Bonn, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Strasse 25, D-53127 Bonn, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a highly complex disease. Majority of aSAH survivors confront post-SAH complications including cerebral vasospasm (CVS) and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) that mainly influence the clinical outcome. Tissue damage during early brain injury may lead to release of damage associated molecular pattern molecules (DAMPs) that may initiate and sustain inflammation during the course of aSAH through activation of pattern recognition receptors. Read More

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December 2018

p73 regulates ependymal planar cell polarity by modulating actin and microtubule cytoskeleton.

Cell Death Dis 2018 Dec 5;9(12):1183. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED) and Departamento de Biología Molecular, Universidad de León, Campus de Vegazana, 24071, León, Spain.

Planar cell polarity (PCP) and intercellular junctional complexes establish tissue structure and coordinated behaviors across epithelial sheets. In multiciliated ependymal cells, rotational and translational PCP coordinate cilia beating and direct cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Thus, PCP disruption results in ciliopathies and hydrocephalus. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Murine -linked hydrocephalus is caused by hyperpermeability of the choroid plexus.

EMBO Mol Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Cardeza Center for Vascular Biology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Though congenital hydrocephalus is heritable, it has been linked only to eight genes, one of which is Humans and mice that carry a truncated version of MPDZ incur severe hydrocephalus resulting in acute morbidity and lethality. We show by magnetic resonance imaging that contrast medium penetrates into the brain ventricles of mice carrying a loss-of-function mutation, whereas none is detected in the ventricles of normal mice, implying that the permeability of the choroid plexus epithelial cell monolayer is abnormally high. Comparative proteomic analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid of normal and hydrocephalic mice revealed up to a 53-fold increase in protein concentration, suggesting that transcytosis through the choroid plexus epithelial cells of KO mice is substantially higher than in normal mice. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Giant prolactinoma, germline BRCA1 mutation, and depression: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 6;12(1):360. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, E.P.E., Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319, Porto, Portugal.

Background: Giant prolactinomas are very rare pituitary tumors that may exhibit an aggressive behavior and present with a life-threatening condition.

Case Presentation: A 25-year-old white woman was admitted to our hospital with a headache, psychomotor retardation, reduced vision, and loss of autonomy in daily activities. Her past medical history was significant for having oligomenorrhea and a depressive syndrome since her mother's death. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Incidence of and Causes for Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Failure in Children Younger Than 2 Years: A Systematic Review.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cairo University Kasr Alainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives:  Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is commonly used to treat pediatric hydrocephalus, but failure rates are high. VP shunt failure in children is mostly caused by infection and/or proximal/distal shunt obstruction. However, to our knowledge, no previous reviews have discussed this topic using only clinical studies when age-related data could be obtained. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
0.493 Impact Factor

Comparing neurodevelopmental outcomes of children at 30 months of age by presence of hydrocephalus and shunt status among children enrolled in the MOMS trial.

J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

The George Washington University Biostatistics Center, Rockville, MD, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate for differences in neurodevelopmental outcomes at 30 months of age for children enrolled in the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) based on the presence of hydrocephalus and cerebral shunts.

Methods: Children with no hydrocephalus (N= 27), children with shunted hydrocephalus (N= 108), and children with unshunted hydrocephalus (N= 36) were compared at 30 months of age on the Bayley II Mental and Psychomotor Indices, the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2 and the Preschool Language Scale, 4th edition. Generalized linear models were used to adjust for factors significantly different between the groups at baseline. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Sexual dysfunction and infertility in the male spina bifida patient.

Transl Androl Urol 2018 Dec;7(6):941-949

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Spina bifida is a congenital neural tube defect with many neurological implications, as well as decreased sexual function and infertility. Few studies have directly investigated infertility in men with spina bifida. Infertility in this special patient population is primarily the result of spermatogenic defects and/or failure of sperm transport due to erectile or ejaculatory dysfunction. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Eliminating the Secret Handshake: A Plea for Clarity in Medical Terminology.

Authors:
E Steve Roach

Pediatr Neurol 2018 Oct 16;87:7-8. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

The University of Texas Dell Medical School, Austin, Texas. Electronic address:

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October 2018

Lhermitte-Duclos Disease with Cervical Arteriovenous Fistula.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Lhermitte-Duclos disease is a rare condition with less than 250 cases reported in the literature. It was considered a neoplastic or hamartomatous growth in the cerebellum. It commonly presents with symptoms of high intracranial pressure or obstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Association of Hydrocephalus with Neural Tube Defect: Our Experience with the Surgical Treatment in One or in Two Operative Stages (on Separate Days).

Pediatr Neurosurg 2018 Dec 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Background: Neural tube defects (spina bifidas or cephaloceles) are congenital malformations that can be associated with hydrocephalus. Even if the surgical management of each of these pathologies separately is well established, this is not the case for a combination of these conditions.

Aim: To report our results of simultaneous or separate surgery for the association of hydrocephalus with neural tube defect in the same patient. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Postoperative complications influencing the long-term outcome of head-injured patients after decompressive craniectomy.

Brain Behav 2018 Dec 4:e01179. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Brain Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Fourth Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: Postoperative complications are common in patients who underwent decompressive craniectomy (DC) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, little is known about the degree of association between the postoperative complications and the long-term outcome of adult TBI patients after DC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of postoperative complications that influenced the long-term outcome of DC in TBI patients. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Novel KDM6A splice-site mutation in kabuki syndrome with congenital hydrocephalus: a case report.

BMC Med Genet 2018 Dec 3;19(1):206. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Liver Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center of PLA, Bethune International Peace Hospital, Shijiazhuang, 050082, China.

Background: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare congenital anomaly syndrome affecting multiple organs. Two genes have been shown to be mutated in patients with KS: lysine (K)-specific demethylase 6A (KDM6A) and lysine (K)-specific methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D, formerly MLL2). Although the congenital clinical characteristic is helpful in diagnosis of the KS, there are no reports of specific findings in fetuses that might suggest the syndrome prenatally. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.083 Impact Factor

Torkildsen shunt as a salvage procedure for an infant with post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;54:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Thivon & Papadiamantopoulou St, Goudi, 11527, Athens, Attica, Greece. Electronic address:

Introduction: Torkildsen operation is a ventriculo-cisternal shunt that diverts the cerebrospinal fluid flow from one of the lateral ventricles, via a ventricular catheter, to the cisterna magna of the posterior fossa. It is the first described operation of CSF diversion for the treatment of hydrocephalus [1] (Scarff, 1963).

Presentation Of Case: We present the case of a premature infant who presented with post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus who underwent several failed CSF diversion surgeries before Torkildsen shunt procedure. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Abnormal Gray Matter Structural Networks in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 15;10:356. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is known as a treatable form of dementia. Network analysis is emerging as a useful method to study neurological disorder diseases. No study has examined changes of structural brain networks of iNPH patients. Read More

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November 2018
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Automated detection of imaging features of disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus using machine learning methods.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: Create an automated classifier for imaging characteristics of disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus (DESH), a neuroimaging phenotype of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH).

Methods: 1597 patients from the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA) were reviewed for imaging characteristics of DESH. One core feature of DESH, the presence of tightened sulci in the high-convexities (THC), was used as a surrogate for the presence of DESH as the expert clinician-defined criterion on which the classifier was trained. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Reliable manifestations of increased intracranial pressure in patients with syndromic craniosynostosis.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: Systematic examination of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is important during the follow-up period after surgical repair of syndromic craniosynostosis. In these patients, postoperative progress can be unclear due to the involvement of multiple sutures and the high incidence of relapse due to the progressive nature of the disease and to genetic variability. In this study, we investigated the clinical manifestations of increased ICP in syndromic craniosynostosis patients before and after surgery. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The 50 most cited publications in endoscopic third ventriculostomy: a bibliometric analysis.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEAlthough endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for the treatment of hydrocephalus was introduced in 1923, the method was relegated to the sidelines in favor of extracranial techniques. Since the 1990s to the beginning of the current century, however, ETV has undergone a remarkable resurgence to become the first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus, and for some groups, the procedure has been applied for communicating hydrocephalus as well. In the present study, the authors identified the top 50 cited ETV works. Read More

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October 2018

Clinical evaluation and surveillance imaging of children with myelomeningocele and shunted hydrocephalus: a follow-up study.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEThe majority of children with myelomeningocele undergo implantation of CSF shunts. The efficacy of adding surveillance imaging to clinical evaluation during routine follow-up as a means to minimize the hazard associated with future shunt failure has not been thoroughly studied.METHODSA total of 300 spina bifida clinic visits during the calendar years between 2012 and 2016 were selected for this study (defined as the index clinic visit). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The cost of hydrocephalus: a cost-effectiveness model for evaluating surgical techniques.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEMany studies have aimed to determine the most clinically effective surgical intervention for hydrocephalus. However, the costs associated with each treatment option are poorly understood. In this study, the authors conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis, calculating the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS), endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), and ETV with choroid plexus cauterization (ETV/CPC) in an effort to better understand the clinical effectiveness and costs associated with treating hydrocephalus. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

The long-term outcomes of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in pediatric hydrocephalus, with an emphasis on future intellectual development and shunt dependency.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEThe goal of this study was to clarify the long-term outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in pediatric hydrocephalus in light of the ETV Success Score (ETVSS), shunt dependency, and intellectual development.METHODSThe authors retrospectively analyzed pediatric patients with hydrocephalus who underwent ETV between 2002 and 2012 and who were followed for longer than 5 years as a single-center cohort. The data of the patients' pre- and postoperative status were collected. Read More

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October 2018

Intracranial hypertension after Chiari decompression resolving after removal of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device: case report.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Oct 1:1-4. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices (LIUDs) are thought to release this progestin locally in the uterus to limit side effects. Authors here present a case of treatment-refractory hydrocephalus and pseudomeningocele (PMC), both of which fully resolved after LIUD removal.A 35-year-old woman with an implanted LIUD developed symptomatic PMC and hydrocephalus after suboccipital craniectomy for Chiari malformation type I. Read More

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October 2018
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Harvey Cushing's craniopharyngioma treatment: Part 1. Identification and clinicopathological characterization of this challenging pituitary tumor.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Oct 1:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEHarvey Cushing (1869-1939) coined the term "craniopharyngioma" (CP) in 1929 to describe a kaleidoscopic group of epithelial tumors involving the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Throughout his career, he endured a long struggle to accurately diagnose and safely remove these complex lesions, and his resulting surgical series has never before been analyzed in depth. The authors here conduct such an analysis. Read More

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October 2018
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Founder of modern hydrocephalus diagnosis and therapy: Walter Dandy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Oct 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Because of his exceptional and pioneering contributions to the understanding and treatment of neurosurgical conditions, Walter Dandy is considered to be one of the founders of both neurosurgery and neuroradiology. In the field of hydrocephalus, Dandy developed revolutionary research models, imaging modalities, and operative procedures. His laboratory and clinical experiences at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, including the surgical treatment of hydrocephalus, are well illustrated in the publications he authored. Read More

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October 2018

Natural history of ventriculostomy-related infection under appropriate treatment and risk factors of poor outcome: a retrospective study.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEThe authors aimed to describe the natural history of ventriculostomy-related infections (VRIs) under appropriate treatment and to assess risk factors for poor outcome.METHODSAll patients older than 18 years in whom an external ventricular drain (EVD) had been implanted and who had developed a VRI requiring treatment were included in this retrospective study. D0 was defined as the first day of antibiotic administration. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Gastrostomy tube placement increases the risk of ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection: a multiinstitutional study.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEGastrostomy tube placement can temporarily seed the peritoneal cavity with bacteria and thus theoretically increases the risk of shunt infection when the two procedures are performed contemporaneously. The authors hypothesized that gastrostomy tube placement would not increase the risk of ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection. The object of this study was to test this hypothesis by utilizing a large patient cohort combined from multiple institutions. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Improving health care transition and longitudinal care for adolescents and young adults with hydrocephalus: report from the Hydrocephalus Association Transition Summit.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

The health care needs of children with hydrocephalus continue beyond childhood and adolescence; however, pediatric hospitals and pediatric neurosurgeons are often unable to provide them care after they become adults. Each year in the US, an estimated 5000-6000 adolescents and young adults (collectively, youth) with hydrocephalus must move to the adult health care system, a process known as health care transition (HCT), for which many are not prepared. Many discover that they cannot find neurosurgeons to care for them. Read More

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November 2018
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Accuracy and safety of 1-day external lumbar drainage of CSF for shunt selection in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

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J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEThree to five days of external lumbar drainage (ELD) of CSF is a test for ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) selection in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The accuracy and complication rates of a shorter (1-day) ELD procedure were analyzed.METHODSData of patients with iNPH who underwent 1-day ELD to be selected to undergo VPS placement with a programmable valve in the period from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed. Read More

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November 2018
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Outcomes and complications of different surgical treatments for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEDifferent CSF diversion procedures (ventriculoperitoneal, ventriculoatrial, and lumboperitoneal shunting) have been utilized for the treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. More recently, endoscopic third ventriculostomy has been suggested as a reasonable alternative in some studies. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess overall rates of favorable outcomes and adverse events for each of these treatments. Read More

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November 2018
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