3,090 results match your criteria Hydrocele Filarial


Comparison of recurrence and postoperative complications between 3 different techniques for surgical repair of idiopathic hydrocele.

Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Central Texas Veterans Healthcare System, 1901 Veterans Memorial Dr, Temple, TX.

Objectives: To determine if recurrence rates and complication rates differ between three different techniques for treatment of idiopathic hydrocele: Jaboulay bottleneck, Hydrocelectomy, or Lord's technique.

Methods: All surgeries for idiopathic hydrocele in the health system were reviewed from 2000 - 2011. Recurrence rate, complication rate, and other surgical data were collected and analyzed. Read More

View Article
December 2018

A comparison between paper-based and m-Health tools for collating and reporting clinical cases of lymphatic filariasis and podoconiosis in Ethiopia.

Mhealth 2018 26;4:49. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and podoconiosis are disabling diseases, endemic in Ethiopia. The main clinical manifestations include lymphoedema from LF and podoconiosis, and hydrocoele from LF. To ensure access to morbidity management and disability prevention (MMDP) services, data on patient numbers in each implementation unit (IU) is required. Read More

View Article
October 2018

[Pathologies of peritoneo-vaginal canal in pediatric surgery at the teaching hospital Gabriel Touré].

Mali Med 2018 ;33(2):17-20

Service de chirurgie générale, C.H.U Gabriel TOURE, Bamako, Mali.

The closure anomalies of the peritoneal-vaginal canal include several clinical entities, which are at the origin of various symptomatology.

Objective: To study the anatomo-clinical and therapeutic aspects of pathologies of the peritoneal-vaginal canal.

Materials And Method: This was a prospective study from January 1 to December 31, 2015 carried out in the pediatric surgery department of University Hospital Gabriel Touré. Read More

View Article
January 2018
1 Read

Neoplasm of a supernumerary undescended testis: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;53:345-347. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Urology Department, Ibn El Jazzar Teaching Hospital, Kairouan, Tunisia.

Introduction: Polyorchidism, defined as the presence of more than two testicles, is a rare congenital abnormality of the male genital tract. There is no consensus regarding the management of supranumerary testis (SNT) due to its rareness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of leiomyoma in SNT. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Hydrocele Due to Wuchereria bancrofti Infection.

Intern Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan.

View Article
November 2018

Lymphatic filariasis transmission in Rufiji District, southeastern Tanzania: infection status of the human population and mosquito vectors after twelve rounds of mass drug administration.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 13;11(1):588. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

WHO Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

Background: Control of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in most of the sub-Saharan African countries is based on annual mass drug administration (MDA) using a combination of ivermectin and albendazole. Monitoring the impact of this intervention is crucial for measuring the success of the LF elimination programmes. This study assessed the status of LF infection in Rufiji district, southeastern Tanzania after twelve rounds of MDA. Read More

View Article
November 2018
5 Reads

The prevalence of lymphatic filariasis infection and disease following six rounds of mass drug administration in Mandalay Region, Myanmar.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Nov 12;12(11):e0006944. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

College of Medicine & Dentistry, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Lymphatic filariasis is widely endemic in Myanmar. Despite the establishment of an elimination program in 2000, knowledge of the remaining burden of disease relies predominantly on programmatic information. To assist the program, we conducted an independent cross-sectional household cluster survey to determine the prevalence of filariasis infection, morbidity and mass-drug administration coverage in four townships of the Mandalay Region: Amarapura, Patheingyi, Tada-U and Wundwin. Read More

View Article
November 2018
5 Reads

Acquired Lymphangiectasia of the Scrotum.

Skinmed 2018 9;16(5):337-339. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

West Bengal Skineplex, Center of Dermatology, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

A 56-year-old man presented with multiple, skin-colored, raised eruptions of the scrotum that had been present for 2 years. Their onset had been gradual, and they had been increasing in size, resulting in cosmetic disfigurement. A year previously, he had been operated on for a bilateral vaginal hydrocele with partial excision and eversion of the sac (Jabouley method). Read More

View Article
November 2018
6 Reads

Hydrocelectomy via scrotal incision is a valuable alternative to the traditional inguinal approach for hydrocele treatment in boys.

Investig Clin Urol 2018 Nov 24;59(6):416-421. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Purpose: Few studies have explored the treatment of isolated communicating hydroceles via scrotal incision. We prospectively evaluated the surgical outcomes of such treatment in boys with hydroceles compared with that using traditional, inguinal incision hydrocelectomy.

Materials And Methods: Of 347 boys aged 0-12 years who were diagnosed as hydrocele on ultrasonography, 173 boys were assigned to the scrotal incision hydrocelectomy group (group I, n=173) and 172 boys were assigned to the traditional inguinal incision hydrocelectomy group (group II, n=172), and finally 156 boys in group I and 156 boys in group II were included in this study. Read More

View Article
November 2018
9 Reads

Malignant mesothelioma of tunica vaginalis testis: Report of a very rare case with review of the literature.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2018 Sep 30;90(3):212-214. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

General Hospital of Bolzano, Department of Urology, Bolzano.

Introduction: Mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis is a extremely rare tumor and represents 0.3 to 0.5% of all malignant mesotheliomas. Read More

View Article
September 2018
10 Reads

Cyst of the canal of Nuck mimicking inguinal hernia.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 10;52:117-119. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Çukurova University, Department of Pathology, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: Coley, in 1892, reported 14 cases of a hydrocele in women. He described this "affection" as being "too rare an anomaly to deserve consideration. The rarity of this finding continues to be described in more current literature of 400 cases. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Cerebrospinal fluid hydrocele caused by scrotal migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 12;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

A 6-month-old boy presented with painless right hemiscrotal swelling. The scrotal ultrasound revealed a cerebrospinal fluid hydrocele caused by the migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) catheter tip into the right hemiscrotum and associated undescended left testis. Earlier, he underwent a VPS placement for hydrocephalus secondary to neonatal bacterial meningitis and ventriculitis. Read More

View Article
October 2018
5 Reads

Treatment of Varicocele in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis from the European Association of Urology/European Society for Paediatric Urology Guidelines Panel.

Eur Urol 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Pediatric, Adolescent and Reconstructive Urology, University of Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Context: The benefits and harms of intervention (surgical or radiological) versus observation in children and adolescents with varicocele are controversial.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the evidence regarding the short- and long-term outcomes of varicocele treatment in children and adolescents.

Evidence Acquisition: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement. Read More

View Article
October 2018
2 Reads

Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis: Case report and literature review.

Urol Case Rep 2019 Jan 5;22:13-14. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Urology Department, Ospedale Generale Regionale "F. Miulli", Acquaviva delle Fonti (BA), Italy.

View Article
January 2019
4 Reads

Meconial hydrocele as first sign of acute intestinal perforation in a preterm baby.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

View Article
September 2018
4 Reads

[Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia and communicating hydrocele in children. Our experience in the last years].

Cir Pediatr 2018 Aug 3;31(3):125-129. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica. Hospital Universitario Donostia. San Sebastián.

Introduction: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia and hydrocele repair has become an alternative to the more frequently used inguinal approach. We describe our experience with the laparoscopic technique.

Material And Methods: Retrospective study of laparoscopic inguinal hernia and hydrocele repair performed during the period between 2003-2016. Read More

View Article
August 2018
9 Reads

Primary retroperitoneal filariasis: a common disease of tropics with uncommon presentation and review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 26;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

General Surgery, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Lymphatic filariasis is caused by nematode filariae , or It is commonly seen in tropical and subtropical regions of the world and affects the lymphatic system of humans, who are the definitive host while mosquito is the intermediate host. The most common manifestation of the disease is hydrocele followed by lower limb lymphoedema and elephantiasis. Although filariasis is much more common entity in north India, its presentation as retroperitoneal cyst is very rare with reported incidence rate of 1/105 000. Read More

View Article
September 2018

Modulation of the inflammatory response after sclerotherapy for hydrocoele/spermatocoele.

BJU Int 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Urology, University Hospital and IKE, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate the modulation of the inflammatory response after sclerotherapy for hydrocoele/spermatocoele.

Patients And Methods: All patients with hydrocoele or spermatocoele presenting at the Department of Urology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden, from 2006 to 2012, were included in this prospective observational study of sclerotherapy for hydrocoele/spermatocoele using polidocanol as a sclerosing agent and adjuvant antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medication (AAAM) for modulation of the inflammatory response. Patients were clinically evaluated within 24-48 h after a complication or adverse event possibly related to sclerotherapy. Read More

View Article
September 2018
8 Reads
3.530 Impact Factor

Adolescent de novo hydroceles - should they be dealt with by inguinal or scrotal approach?

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 30;53(11):2228-2230. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin, Ireland; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

Aim: The objective of this study was to investigate the optimal approach for the treatment of hydroceles in adolescents.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective chart review of all adolescents (10-16 years old) diagnosed with a de-novo hydrocele in 2 tertiary care institutions over a 10 year period (2007-2016) was performed comparing the inguinal and trans-scrotal (Jaboulay) approaches.

Results: Fifty-three boys with a mean age of 13. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

Single-Site Laparoscopic Percutaneous Extraperitoneal Closure Versus Modified Transumbilical Two-Port Laparoscopic Suturing of the Hernia Sac for the Treatment of Pediatric Inguinal Hernia: Comparison of the Outcomes of Two Different Approaches.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital , Ningbo, China .

Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (SLPEC) and modified transumbilical two-port laparoscopic suturing (M-TTLS) of the hernia sac for the treatment of pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) and determine whether one approach was superior to another.

Methods: From January 2014 to June 2017, a total of 599 children had undergone SLPEC or M-TTLS in our department. SLPEC and M-TTLS were the most frequently performed single-site laparoscopic procedures for PIH in our department, which represented the extraperitoneal and intraperitoneal approaches, respectively. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Tunica Vaginalis Thickening, Hemorrhagic Infiltration and Inflammatory Changes in 8 Children with Primary Hydrocele; Reactive Mesothelial Hyperplasia? A Prospective Clinical Study.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):41-46

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

The aim of this study is to describe an entity of primary hydrocele accompanied with fibrosis, thickening and hemorrhagic infiltration of parietal layer of tunica vaginalis (PLTV). During a 4-year period (2011-2014), 94 boys (2.5-14 years old) underwent primary hydrocele repair. Read More

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

A challenging abdomino-scrotal hydrocele-successful resolution with the help of interventional radiology guided sclerosis.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Sep 11;2018(9):rjy232. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Paediatric Surgery and Urology, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, East Prescott Road, Liverpool L14 5AB, UK.

Abdomino-scrotal hydrocele is a rare condition that presents in male infants. There is no consensus in the literature over treatment. We present the case of a 4-year-old boy with what was thought to be a straight forward congenital hydrocele that persisted despite ligation of a patent processus vaginalis and a Jaboulay procedure. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Microsurgical Denervation of Spermatic Cord for Chronic Idiopathic Orchialgia: Long-Term Results from an Institutional Experience.

World J Mens Health 2018 Sep 10. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Urology, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, India.

Purpose: Chronic testicular pain remains an important challenge for urologists. At present there are many treatment modalities available for chronic orchialgia. Some patients remain in pain despite a conservative treatment. Read More

View Article
September 2018
28 Reads

Müllerian carcinosarcoma with neuroendocrine differentiation arising in hydrocele of the canal of Nuck.

Pathol Int 2018 Nov 9;68(11):630-632. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Department of Gynecology, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

View Article
November 2018

Scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese infertile patients and their correlations to semen and hormonal profile.

Turk J Urol 2018 Aug 31:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Urology, Sohag University Hospital, Sohag, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to compare scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese and normal weight infertile men and correlate these findings with semen parameters and hormonal profile.

Material And Methods: A total of 188 men presented for infertility evaluation were included in this study. They were divided according to body mass indices into obese (n=96) and normal weight infertile patients (n=92). Read More

View Article
August 2018
2 Reads

Does inguinal hernia repair affect uroflowmetric parameters? A prospective controlled clinical trial.

Low Urin Tract Symptoms 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the changes in uroflowmetric values of male patients following elective inguinal hernia repair.

Methods: The study group comprised patients treated with open or laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Patients who underwent surgery due to various diseases such as cataract, multinodular goiter, choledocholithiasis, thyroid and breast cancer, hydrocele, or spermatocele were recruited to the control group. Read More

View Article
August 2018
9 Reads

Choroid Plexus Hyperplasia with Intractable Ascites and a Resulting Communicating Hydrocele following Shunt Operation for Hydrocephalus.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2018 29;53(6):407-412. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Neurological Surgery, National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Japan.

Choroid plexus hyperplasia/papilloma and resulting hyperproduction of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare cause of hydrocephalus. In these patients, intractable ascites can occur after a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting operation. However, shunt-related hydrocele is a rare complication of VP shunting. Read More

View Article
August 2018
2 Reads

Altered Integrins Expression of Patients Affected by Cryptorchidism.

Urol Int 2018 8;101(2):219-223. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Human Pathology in Adult and Developmental Age Gaetano Barresi, Unit of Paediatric Surgery, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the expression of the integrin isoforms α7A and β1A, expressed by myogenic precursor cells, and α7B and β1D, expressed by mature muscle cells in the cremaster of patients affected by an undescended testis.

Methods: Fifteen samples of cremaster were obtained from patients undergoing surgery for an undescended testis. Thirty control specimens of cremaster were harvested from patients with congenital hydrocele or inguinal hernia. Read More

View Article
December 2018
6 Reads

Effectiveness of Laparoscopy in the Treatment of Pediatric Hydrocele: A Systematic Review.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Jul 31. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

2 Department of Pediatric Urology, Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital , Ningbo, Zhejiang, China .

Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the published studies concerning laparoscopic pediatric hydrocele (PH) repair and summarize the surgical details and operative outcomes of this procedure.

Materials And Methods: A PubMed search was performed for all studies concerning laparoscopic repair of hydrocele in children. The search strategy was as follows: (laparoscop* OR coelioscop* OR peritoneoscop* OR laparoendoscop* OR minilaparoscop*) AND hydrocele* AND (child* OR pediatric*). Read More

View Article
July 2018
9 Reads

A recessive truncating variant in thrombospondin-1 domain containing protein 1 gene THSD1 is the underlying cause of nonimmune hydrops fetalis, congenital cardiac defects, and haemangiomas in four patients from a consanguineous family.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Sep 28;176(9):1996-2003. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Heath Sciences, United Arab Emirates University Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) is the abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in more than two fetal or neonatal interstitial spaces due to nonimmune causes. It is a serious condition that requires extensive medical care as it indicates severe fetal compromise. We clinically evaluated four patients from two branches of a highly consanguineous family from the UAE with NIHF using whole exome sequencing and in silico analysis. Read More

View Article
September 2018
2 Reads

Outcomes of microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy to treat painful recurrent varicocele.

Andrologia 2018 Dec 23;50(10):e13105. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.

In this study, was evaluated the outcomes of patients undergoing microsurgical varicocelectomy to treat scrotal pain due to recurrent varicocele were evaluated. A total of 27 patients who underwent microsurgical varicocele ligation for recurrent varicocele and scrotal and/or testicular pain were included in this retrospective study. Recurrent varicocele in all patients was diagnosed with by physical examination and coloured Doppler ultrasonography (CDUSG). Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Nuck cyst: a rare cause of inguinal swelling in infancy.

Minerva Pediatr 2018 Jul 23. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Pediatric Surgery, Salesi Children Hospital, Ancona, Italy.

Background: Inguinal and/or inguino-scrotal swellings, such as hernia and hydrocele, are among the commonest anomalies in childhood. Hydrocele of the canal of Nuck is an uncommon diagnosis and a rare cause of swelling in women that occurs due to a patent vaginal process.

Methods: From January 2001 to January 2016, 353 female patients 1-14 years of age were admitted to our university hospital division for inguinal swelling. Read More

View Article
July 2018
9 Reads

Infected hydrocele.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Jul 17. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Elche, Alicante, España.

View Article
July 2018
1 Read

Lymphatic filariasis control in Tanzania: infection, disease perceptions and drug uptake patterns in an endemic community after multiple rounds of mass drug administration.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Jul 20;11(1):429. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlægevej 100, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) control in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa is based on annual mass drug administration (MDA) with a combination of ivermectin and albendazole, in order to interrupt transmission. However, attaining and maintaining high treatment coverage has been a challenge in many LF control programmes. This study was designed to elucidate reasons for continued transmission of LF in an endemic area of Tanga, northeastern Tanzania, where control activities based on MDA had been in place for eight years by the time of this study in 2012. Read More

View Article
July 2018
12 Reads

Varicocele treatment in patients up to 35 years old: A multicentric retrospective studycomparing 3 different techniques.

Arch Esp Urol 2018 Jul;71(6):543-548

Urology and Renal Transplantation Department of Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra and Pediatric Surgery Department of Hospital Pediátrico do Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra. Portugal.

Objective: To report and compare the clinical outcomes after varicocele treatment managed by open surgery, laparoscopic approach and embolization, with an emphasis in terms of recurrence, complication rate and length of surgery.

Methods: 2 different Portuguese Centers collected pre and postoperative data of patients submitted to varicocele treatment. Over a period of 8 years, 251 cases were evaluated retrospectively and 161 were included and further divided in procedure-related groups. Read More

View Article
July 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Treatment for Inguinal Endometriosis in Young Women of Reproductive Age.

Dig Surg 2018 Jul 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Aim: To study the characteristics and surgical treatment of inguinal endometriosis (IEM), which can occur in women of reproductive age.

Methods: Patients who underwent groin surgery at the Hiroshima City Funairi Citizens Hospital between 2004 and 2017 were retrospectively examined. Patients with IEM were divided into 3 groups based on the site of occurrence as follows: at a hernia sac or hydrocele of Nuck's canal (type I), round ligament (type II), or subcutaneous area (type III). Read More

View Article
July 2018
1 Read

Selection of men for investigation of possible testicular cancer in primary care: a large case-control study using electronic patient records.

Br J Gen Pract 2018 Aug 2;68(673):e559-e565. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.

Background: Testicular cancer incidence has risen over the last two decades and is expected to continue to rise. There are no primary care studies on the clinical features of testicular cancer, with recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance based solely upon clinical consensus.

Aim: To identify clinical features of testicular cancer and to quantify their risk in primary care patients, with the aim of improving the selection of patients for investigation. Read More

View Article
August 2018
4 Reads

Integrated morbidity mapping of lymphatic filariasis and podoconiosis cases in 20 co-endemic districts of Ethiopia.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 07 2;12(7):e0006491. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and podoconiosis are neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) that pose a significant physical, social and economic burden to endemic communities. Patients affected by the clinical conditions of LF (lymphoedema and hydrocoele) and podoconiosis (lymphoedema) need access to morbidity management and disability prevention (MMDP) services. Clear estimates of the number and location of these patients are essential to the efficient and equitable implementation of MMDP services for both diseases. Read More

View Article
July 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair by modified peritoneal leaflet closure: Description and initial results in children.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Jun 13;14(3):272.e1-272.e6. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Division of Urology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Introduction: Inguinal hernias are common in infants and children. While the gold standard for hernia repair in the pediatric period has been via an open inguinal incision with dissection and high ligation of the hernia sac, over the past two decades laparoscopic herniorrhaphy has increased in popularity. The advantages of laparoscopy include decreased post-operative pain, improved cosmetic results, ability to easily assess the contralateral side for an open internal inguinal ring, and decreased risk of metachronous hernias. Read More

View Article
June 2018
7 Reads

Self-fixing parietex progrip versus the standard sutured prolene mesh in tension-free repair of inguinal hernia: effect on testicular volume and testicular blood flow.

Updates Surg 2018 Dec 13;70(4):513-520. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, El Sultan Hussein Street, El-Azarita, Khartoum Square, Alexandria, 21131, Egypt.

Our study was conducted to compare self-fixing lightweight polyester mesh (group I) to the standard heavy weight polypropylene mesh (group II) using tension-free Lichtenstein hernioplasty as regard to the effect of mesh implantation and perimesh fibrosis on testicular blood flow. 80 patients with uncomplicated inguinal hernia were divided in two groups. Doppler ultrasonography measured testicular volume, testicular artery velocity preoperative and 3rd month post operative. Read More

View Article
December 2018
5 Reads

Comparison of scrotal antegrade sclerotherapy and laparoscopic Palomo surgery in treatment of adolescent varicocele: A 15-year review.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Dec 31;14(6):534.e1-534.e5. Epub 2018 May 31.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Division of Paediatric Surgery, Kowloon, Hong Kong; United Christian Hospital, Division of Paediatric Surgery, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Introduction/objective: Varicocele is a common condition seen in adolescence and associated with adult subfertility. Numerous types of intervention have been described with differences in success and complication rates. This study aims to review and compare the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic Palomo surgery and scrotal antegrade sclerotherapy at our center. Read More

View Article
December 2018
5 Reads

Bilateral low origin of testicular artery: a case report.

J Vasc Bras 2017 Jul-Sep;16(3):258-261

Manipal University, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Department of Anatomy, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

The testicular artery is frequently subjected to radiographic imaging techniques such as angiography for diagnosis and treatment of conditions like epididymitis, testicular torsion, tumor, hematoma, and hydrocele and in cases of undescended testis. Radiologists and surgeons should therefore be aware of testicular artery variants. Although there are numerous studies and case reports that mention testicular artery variants, this is probably the first case, reporting a bilateral low origin of the testicular artery and discussing its probable embryological etiology. Read More

View Article
June 2018
5 Reads

Anti-filarial immunity blocks parasite development and plays a protective role.

PLoS One 2018 21;13(6):e0199090. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Division of Immunology, ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Lymphatic filariasis is a complex parasitic disease having a spectrum of clinical parameters which are critical in deciding the severity of the pathogenesis. Individuals residing in the endemic areas are categorized into different clinical groups such as: EC (endemic controls-free of disease and infection), AS (asymptomatic carriers- free of disease but carries both antigens and microfilaria (Mf) in circulation), CR (cryptic-free of disease and Mf but having circulatory antigen) and CH (chronic-having manifestations of elephantiasis and hydrocele). The immune response to the parasitic infection is well studied, whereas the protective mechanism explaining the fate of antigenemia and filaremia between AS and CR group remains unexplained. Read More

View Article
June 2018
3.234 Impact Factor

Acute scrotum: Hansen's disease versus filariasis.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2018 Apr-Jun;7(2):195-197

Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Hansen's disease is caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The disease is known to involve the visceral organs including the testis apart from the skin and nerves in the lepromatous pole of leprosy due to widespread hematogenous dissemination of lepra bacilli. Furthermore, there can be testicular pain during the type 2 reaction in Hansen's disease. Read More

View Article

Paradoxical Examination and Imaging Findings in a Case of Paratesticular Cutaneous Angioyxoma.

Urology 2018 Nov 9;121:168-170. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

University of Utah School of Medicine Division of Urology/Primary Children's Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT.

Angiomyxomas are rare soft tissue neoplasms rich in myxoid matrix and blood vessels that typically present as nodules on the trunk, head, and limbs in adults. They are classified as either cutaneous or aggressive based on histological findings and extent of local growth. There are less than 150 reported cases in the literature. Read More

View Article
November 2018
5 Reads

Lymphatic Endothelial Cell in Endemic Bancroftian Filariasis: A Focus on the Lymphatics of the Tunica Vaginalis Testis.

J Trop Med 2018 16;2018:5134670. Epub 2018 May 16.

Núcleo de Ensino, Pesquisa e Assistência em Filariose (NEPAF), Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Background: In endemic areas, lymphangiectasia is the fundamental alteration to live adult worms which, in adult males, are usually found in the lymphatic vessels of the spermatic cord; accordingly, hydrocele/filaricele is the most common clinical manifestation of bancroftian filariasis. The pathogenic role of the lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) and the status of mesothelial cells (MCs) samples of the parietal layer (PL) of the tunica vaginalis testis were examined.

Methods: The PL of thirty-two patients, excised for different reasons, was examined by histology and immunohistochemistry using the D2-40 monoclonal antibody for identification of LECs and CK-7 antibody for recognition of mesothelial cells (MCs). Read More

View Article
May 2018
9 Reads

Clinic-day surgery for children: a patient and staff perspective.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Jul 28;34(7):755-761. Epub 2018 May 28.

Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Michigan Medicine, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Introduction: For the past 3 years, our institution has implemented a same clinic-day surgery (CDS) program, where common surgical procedures are performed the same day as the initial clinic evaluation. We sought to evaluate the patient and faculty/staff satisfaction following the implementation of this program.

Methods: After IRB approval, patients presenting for the CDS between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article
July 2018
4 Reads

Is genetic drift to blame for testicular dysgenesis syndrome in Semliki chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)?

J Med Primatol 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Background: We present 3 likely cases of testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS) within a community of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). We tested whether genetic drift may be the culprit, as a genetic cause has been suspected to account for TDS among other wildlife.

Methods: We successfully sequenced a 367-bp segment spanning the first hypervariable region within the D-loop of the mitochondrial genome for 78 DNA samples. Read More

View Article