3,449 results match your criteria Hydrocele

Do sclero-embolization procedures have advantages over surgical ligature in treating varicocele in children, adolescents and adults? Results from a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Andrologia 2022 Jun 24:e14510. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Urology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, Ancona, Italy.

We aimed to systematically review complications, and recurrence rate of varicocele treatment by comparing the surgical ligature versus sclero-embolization techniques in children, adolescents and adults. The secondary outcomes were the evaluation of semen parameters and spontaneous pregnancy rate in adults. The review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework. Read More

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A Rare Case of Bilateral Abdominoscrotal Hydrocoele in a 10-Month-Old Infant Managed Laparoscopically.

Cureus 2022 May 10;14(5):e24875. Epub 2022 May 10.

General Surgery Department, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, JOR.

Abdominoscrotal hydrocoeles (ASH) are an increasingly rare form of hydrocoeles. They can present in any age group; however, they are more commonly reported in the paediatric population. Although not yet confirmed, the aetiology of ASH has been under scrutiny for the past two centuries, and scarcity of reported cases hinders this process. Read More

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Testicular, Epididymal and Vasal Anomalies in Pediatric Patients with Cryptorchid Testes and Testes with Communicating Hydrocele.

J Clin Med 2022 May 26;11(11). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Andrology and Reproductive Endocrinology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland.

The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of the testicular, epididymal, and vasal anomalies (TEVA) in cryptorchid and communicating hydrocele pediatric patients. Six hundred and ninety-one prepubertal boys underwent inguinal exploration for 741 undescended (UDT) or hydrocele testes. Two hundred and fifty-five TEVA were detected in 154 UDT boys, compared to 32 defects in 24 hydrocele patients ( < 0. Read More

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Asymptomatic Bilateral Giant Multilocular Epididymal Cyst in a Middle-Aged Patient.

Cureus 2022 May 4;14(5):e24722. Epub 2022 May 4.

General Surgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, IND.

Bilateral multilocular huge epididymal cysts are a rare entity with few reports in the literature. Epididymal cysts are mostly found in middle-aged men with or without symptoms. We present the case of a 45-year-old man with asymptomatic bilateral scrotal swelling, which was clinically diagnosed as a right epididymal cyst with left hydrocele. Read More

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Hydrocele with Paratesticular Liposarcoma.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 Apr;32(4):S1-S2

Department of Urology, Medical Faculty, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey.

Paratesticular liposarcoma (PLS) is a rare type of genitourinary malignancy in the spermatic cord presenting as scrotal swelling. In this case study, we report an 82-year male who presented with prolonged left scrotal swelling and pain that did not respond to analgesic treatment for one week. His ultrasound confirmed increased fluid content in the left scrotal compartment in the form of septated hydrocele, and hydrocelectomy was planned. Read More

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The rare among the common: Traumatic rupture of hydrocele.

Asian J Surg 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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Diagnosis and management of testicular compartment syndrome caused by tension hydrocele.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jul 25;43:102091. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford Health System, 2799 W Grand Blvd, K9, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA.

A hydrocele is an abnormal collection of fluid within the tunica vaginalis which may either be congenital or acquired. Hydroceles are usually painless and don't require immediate intervention unless they impact activities of daily living. This case demonstrates a rare complication of hydroceles termed tension hydrocele which presented with scrotal swelling and acute pain. Read More

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Laparoscopic hydrocelectomy with transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty or iliopubic tract repair for treatment of encysted spermatic cord hydrocele.

Sung Ryul Lee

Surg Endosc 2022 Jul 5;36(7):5540-5545. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Surgery, Damsoyu Hospital, 234 Hakdong-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: An encysted spermatic cord hydrocele (ESCH) causes an inguinal swelling resembling an inguinal hernia (IH). An ESCH should be considered as a differential diagnosis of IH. Although laparoscopic operations have been performed to treat ESCHs in pediatric patients, such operations have not been reported in adults. Read More

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Inguinal Hernia Repair but No Hernia Present: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Surg Technol Int 2022 May;40:171-174

Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Introduction: Groin hernia repair can relieve pain from conditions other than groin hernias, such as "sports groin." The aim of this study was to assess the nationwide frequency of surgically treated sports groins and identify conditions found during groin hernia surgery with no hernia present.

Materials And Methods: In this nationwide cohort study, we included patients with no hernia found during groin hernia repair. Read More

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I Accumulation in Hydrocele in the Setting of Metastatic Papillary Carcinoma Thyroid.

Indian J Nucl Med 2022 Jan-Mar;37(1):101-102. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Jawaharlal institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

I is widely used for the treatment of goiter and residual and metastatic thyroid cancer. Uptake of I is mainly due to the expression of sodium-iodide symporter in the target tissues. Incidental third space accumulation in the pleural and pericardial cavity can be encountered due to passive diffusion of tracer into these cavities. Read More

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Laparoscopic Hydrocelectomy of Encysted Hydrocele of the Canal of Nuck with High Ligation in Children or Iliopubic Tract Repair in Adults.

Sung Ryul Lee

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2022 Jun 19;32(6):684-689. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Surgery, Damsoyu Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Encysted hydrocele of the canal of Nuck (EHCN) is homologous to spermatic cord hydrocele in males. EHCN causes swelling in the inguinal region and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of inguinal hernias and masses in females. Complete excision and internal inguinal ring closure are the recommended treatments for symptomatic EHCN. Read More

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Rare case of inguinal ureteral hernia in a child diagnosed by drip infusion pyelography-computed tomography.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 9;94:107007. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, Teikyo University Hospital, 2-11-1, Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8605, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: Inguinal hernias are the most commonly experienced disease in pediatric surgery. However, it is rare for the organs of the urinary system to prolapse as the contents of the hernia.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with congenital paraperitoneal inguinal herniation of the ureter. Read More

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Hydrocele of the Canal of Nuck: A Review.

Cureus 2022 Apr 2;14(4):e23757. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

Radiology, Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, THA.

Canal of Nuck abnormality is a rare surgical condition. The pathologies are mostly encountered in young girls, less than five years of age. The incidence is even less in adults. Read More

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Pseudomyxoma peritonei involving the canal of Nuck: The added value of magnetic resonance imaging for detection and presurgical planning.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jun 4;17(6):1887-1889. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Peritoneal Surface Malignancy and Soft Tissue Sarcoma Program, Messina University Medical School Hospital, Messina, Italy.

The canal of Nuck is an abnormal patent pouch of the parietal peritoneum caused by the incomplete obliteration of the processus vaginalis in females. The most common disorders of the canal of Nuck are: hernia, hydrocele and endometriosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei (PMP) is a clinical condition characterized by the accumulation of mucinous material on the surfaces and in the recesses of the peritoneal cavity, resulting from the perforation of an appendiceal mucinous neoplasm. Read More

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Rare Cases of Filarial Chyluria in Children.

Int Med Case Rep J 2022 30;15:135-139. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Microbiology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences Lucknow, Lucknow, UP, India.

Background: Lymphatic filariasis leading to the passage of white urine or chyle is a rare manifestation in children. Filarial parasite infiltration leading to abnormal lymphatic-urinary communication occurs with prolonged infection. The incubation period ranges from 5 to 20 yrs. Read More

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Transumbilical Single-Site Laparoscopic Intraperitoneal Closure of the Internal Inguinal Ring for Pediatric Inguinal Hernia.

Front Pediatr 2022 15;10:855537. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: A new novel technique for pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) repair, namely, transumbilical single-site laparoscopic intraperitoneal closure (TUSLIC) of the internal inguinal ring (IIR) with a single instrument, was introduced. The short-term follow-up of TUSLIC for PIH was compared with that of transabdominal multiple-site laparoscopic extraperitoneal closure (TAMLEC) for PIH.

Methods: Descriptive variables, perioperative clinical features, and short-term outcomes were retrospectively analyzed and compared between the patients who underwent TUSLIC and those who underwent TAMLEC. Read More

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Comparison of Single-Incision Scrotal Orchiopexy and Traditional Two-Incision Inguinal Orchiopexy for Primary Palpable Undescended Testis in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Pediatr 2022 15;10:805579. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Urology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Purpose: To compare the safety, efficacy, and cosmetic results of single-incision scrotal orchiopexy (SISO) and traditional two-incision inguinal orchiopexy (TTIO) for primary palpable undescended testes (PUDTs) in children.

Materials And Methods: A systematic literature search of all relevant studies published on PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science database, and Wanfang data until July 2021 was conducted. The operative time, hospitalization duration, conversion rate, wound infection or dehiscence, scrotal hematoma or swelling, testicular atrophy, reascent, hernia or hydrocele, analgesics needs, and cosmetic results were compared between SISO and TTIO using the Mantel-Haenszel or inverse-variance method. Read More

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A Canadian national survey: Perspectives on routine pathological examination of hernia sacs after inguinal hernia and hydrocele repair among pediatric urologists, surgeons, and pathologists.

J Pediatr Urol 2022 Jun 14;18(3):335-339. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background/objective: This study aims to understand perspectives on routine pathological examination of hernia sacs following pediatric inguinal hernia and hydrocele repair among Canadian pediatric urologists, surgeons, and pathologists.

Study Design: All active members of Pediatric Urologists of Canada (PUC), Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (CAPS), and the divisional heads of anatomical pathology at the Canadian children's hospitals (AP) were invited to participate between June 2019 and January 2021 in an anonymous multiple-choice-based questionnaire.

Results: The response rates were 71% from PUC (24/34), 20% from CAPS (25/130), and 64% from AP (7/11). Read More

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Cyst of the canal of Nuck: an atypical course with cyclic changing of size.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Apr 1;15(4). Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Center Da Sanadad Savognin, Savognin, Switzerland.

As the canal of Nuck normally obliterates before birth, a patent canal is a rare anatomic variant in adult women analogue to the patent processus vaginalis in men. In a patent canal of Nuck, pathologies such as hernias and cyst can build within time. Such cysts themselves are so uncommon that they are mostly described in case reports. Read More

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Rare case cystic scrotal lymphangioma presented as a hydrocele.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Apr 28;93:106959. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Radiology, Mogadishu Somalia Turkish Training and Research Hospital, Somalia.

Introduction And Importance: Cystic scrotal lymphangiomas are very uncommon lesions caused by congenital lymphatic malformation. These tumors are usually located in the neck and axilla, occasionally in the mediastinum, retroperitoneum, and thigh. The scrotum and perineum are the least frequented sites. Read More

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The effect of using tablet computer on surgical stress: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial.

J Pediatr Urol 2022 Jun 15;18(3):340.e1-340.e9. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Dr. Behcet Uz Child Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effects of tablet computer method on children with and without anxiety. The study was designed as a prospective single-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Materials And Methods: The population of the study were 300 patients between the ages of 4 and 10 years old who were scheduled for their first elective surgery for phimosis-inguinal hernia-hydrocele-undescended testis-hypospadias. Read More

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A rare case of giant teratocarcinoma of the testis with accumulation of fluid.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jul 17;43:102057. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland, Plac Medyków 1, 41-200, Sosnowiec, Poland.

Testicular cancer is one of the most curable cancers. However, the course of the disease largely depends on the clinical stage at diagnosis, and there are still cases where the tumor size is large, which makes surgical treatment challenging. A 30-year-old man presented with painless, extremely enlarged scrotum. Read More

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Thoracobifemoral bypass for infrarenal aortic occlusion caused by retroperitoneal fibrosis.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2022 Jun 26;8(2):132-135. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Department of Surgery, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Ill.

Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is an uncommon fibrotic disorder that can cause pain, ureteral obstruction, deep venous thrombosis, hydrocele, and, rarely, aortic occlusion. Herein is described a 65-year-old man with aortic occlusion from idiopathic RPF who was treated with axillobifemoral bypass grafting, which failed in the intermediate term. On representation with critical claudication, he underwent thoracobifemoral bypass grafting via a lateral retroperitoneal tunnel created through a midline, infraumbilical counterincision. Read More

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Abdominoscrotal Haematocele in an Adult and Its Successful Treatment.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2022 Feb 28;22(1):144-148. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is a variant of hydrocele that rarely occurs in adults. ASH has two sacs, one in the scrotum and one in the abdomen connected through the inguinal canal. Abdominoscrotal haematocele is a rare complication of ASH. Read More

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February 2022

Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma occurring in bilateral inguinal canals metachronously: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 16;8(1):44. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Iwate Prefectural Central Hospital, 1-4-1, Ueda, Morioka, Iwate, 020-0066, Japan.

Background: Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma (BMPM) is a benign tumor that usually occurs in middle-aged females. Although several published studies have reported the occurrence of this tumor in the abdominal cavity, few have documented its development in the inguinal region.

Case Presentation: We present a case of a 48-year-old female presenting with a bulge in her left inguinal region. Read More

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Malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis: A rare cause of hydrocele.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jul 7;43:102048. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Laboratório Bacchi, 1191 Maestro Cardim St. - Bela Vista, São Paulo, SP, 01323-001, Brazil.

Mesotheliomas of the tunica vaginalis testis are very uncommon tumors, with rare cases published in the literature. This report demonstrates a case in with such a tumor was diagnosed in a 50-year-old man who presented to the emergency room with mild, acute scrotal pain and swelling, without previously known scrotal pathology. It is noted that sonographers should be aware of the typical characteristics that allow for suspecting malignancy in scrotal sonography performed in the emergency setting; this was particularly important in this case. Read More

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Laparoscopic lymphatic and artery sparing microsurgical varicocelectomy - technique, results and long-term outcomes.

J Pediatr Urol 2022 Apr 7;18(2):114.e1-114.e6. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Division of Paediatric Urology, Department of Urology, General Teaching Hospital and Charles University First Faculty of Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.

Introduction And Objective: It is generally considered that artery sparing suprainguinal varicocelectomy is associated with a higher risk of persistence in comparison with the non-sparing (Palomo) procedure. Artery sparing is desirable in specific conditions. Based on our 21-year long experience, this study aims to describe technical details and standard steps of the procedure, leading to a comparatively low recurrence rate. Read More

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Reduction of testosterone levels in Schistosoma haematobium- or Schistosoma mansoni-infected men: a cross-sectional study in two schistosomiasis-endemic areas of the Adamawa region of Cameroon.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Mar 7;22(1):230. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, P.O. Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Background: The incidence of schistosomiasis-induced male reproductive dysfunction and infertility is probably underestimated compared to female genital schistosomiasis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Schistosoma haematobium or S. mansoni infection on the reproductive function of men of reproductive age in Tibati and Wouldé, two endemic schistosomiasis areas in the Adamawa region of Cameroon. Read More

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