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    1077 results match your criteria Hurthle Cell Carcinoma

    1 OF 22

    Preoperative Diagnosis of Neoplastic or Malignant Hürthle Cell Lesions: A Chimera?
    Acta Cytol 2018 May 3:1-11. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Objective: We aimed to review all cytological specimens with Hürthle cells (HC) diagnosed in our institution, identify cytological features related to neoplastic (adenoma or carcinoma) and malignant histology, and discuss the role of clinicopathological findings and clinical management in these cases.

    Study Design: We included 359 thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology cases in our study. We reviewed the clinical and cytological features of surgical cases and correlated them with histological diagnosis. Read More

    Clinical utility of EZH1 mutations in the diagnosis of follicular-patterned thyroid tumors.
    Hum Pathol 2018 Apr 30. Epub 2018 Apr 30.
    Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Follicular-patterned tumors of the thyroid gland are characterized by a predominantly follicular growth pattern. They frequently harbor RAS mutations, not BRAF mutations. Technological advances in molecular testing have discovered novel RAS-type mutations. Read More

    Thrombosis in Thyroid Cancer.
    Int J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Jan 31;16(1):e57897. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    MD, Endocrine Section, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, 20010.
    Background: The number of studies on venous thromboembolism (VTE) and thyroid cancer is very scarce and existing data are contradictory. This paper reviews VTE in thyroid cancer.

    Methods: The following words were used for a comprehensive literature review using MEDLINE database: Blood coagulation factors; thyroid hormones; blood coagulation tests; venous thromboembolism; receptors thyroid hormone; hemostasis; fibrinolysis; bleeding; blood coagulation disorders; thyroid neoplasms; Thyroid cancer, papillary; Thyroid cancer, follicular; Thyroid carcinoma, anaplastic; Thyroid cancer, Hurthle cell; Familial medullary thyroid carcinoma; venous thrombosis; Pulmonary embolism; Blood coagulation factors. Read More

    Molecular Profile of Advanced Thyroid Carcinomas by Next-Generation Sequencing: Characterizing tumors beyond diagnosis for targeted therapy.
    Mol Cancer Ther 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
    Pathology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
    Next generation sequencing (NGS) for molecular diagnostics allows simultaneous testing of activating oncogenes and tumor suppressor mutations in multiple signal pathways. Extended mutational profiling of advanced thyroid cancers may enhance considerations for targeted therapies. We analyzed clinically derived molecular profiling of 216 patients with advanced thyroid carcinoma using NGS (Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine) from 4/2012-2/2014. Read More

    Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma in a Country of Endemic Iodine Deficiency (1994-2013).
    J Thyroid Res 2018 25;2018:6516035. Epub 2018 Feb 25.
    Department of Pathology, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box 77, Korle-Bu, Accra, Ghana.
    Background: Follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) has historically been linked to iodine deficiency. Although Ghana is among the iodine deficient regions of the world, the proportions, trends, and the clinical features of FTCs have not been studied as a single disease entity. The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequencies, trends, and the clinicopathological characteristics of FTCs among all thyroid malignancies in our institution. Read More

    Correction: Propensity score matching analysis of the prognosis for the rare oxyphilic subtype of thyroid cancer (Hurthle cell carcinoma).
    Oncotarget 2018 Mar 23;9(22):16273. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.20732. Read More

    Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor Metastatic to Widely Invasive Hurthle Cell Thyroid Carcinoma: A Distinct Tumor-to-Tumor Metastasis.
    Int J Surg Pathol 2018 Apr 1:1066896918767321. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    1 The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    We illustrate a case of synchronous malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thoracic cavity, and widely invasive thyroid Hurthle cell carcinoma. The Hurthle cell carcinoma was found to harbor distinct areas of malignant solitary fibrous tumor. This is a unique case of tumor-to-tumor metastasis that, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported. Read More

    Diagnosing between papillary carcinoma and reactive papillary changes in an infarcted thyroid nodule after fine needle aspiration and accompanied by a synchronous brain stem astrocytoma.
    North Clin Istanb 2018 10;5(1):67-71. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of General Surgery, Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey.
    A 22-year-old patient underwent fine needle aspiration of a nodule at the outer center of the right lobe of the thyroid, and it was reported to be Bethesda system category IV, Hurthle cell follicular neoplasia. The patient, who persented to Onsekiz Mart University Research and Application Hospital, underwent surgery. During right total thyroidectomy, an almost totally infarcted nodule and papillary structures around these infarcted areas were detected. Read More

    Utility of the BRAF p.V600E immunoperoxidase stain in FNA direct smears and cell block preparations from patients with thyroid carcinoma.
    Cancer Cytopathol 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    Division of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
    Background: The identification of BRAF mutations in thyroid cancer has prognostic and therapeutic implications. Although the gold standard for identifying BRAF mutations is molecular testing, the ability to perform BRAF p.V600E immunostaining on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples can facilitate the rapid triaging of patients to treatment options. Read More

    Identification of a novel variant and its association with papillary thyroid carcinoma.
    Oncol Lett 2018 Apr 17;15(4):4511-4516. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, P.R. China.
    HRas proto-oncogene () is one of the most commonly mutated genes in thyroid cancer, with mutations frequently occurring in the follicular and Hurthle cell subtypes. However, the contribution of mutations in to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) progression and the tall-cell variant (TCV) is poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the somatic genetic variants present in in patients with PTC, and to investigate the association of these mutations with PTC. Read More

    Risk stratification of 282 differentiated thyroid cancers found incidentally in 1369 total thyroidectomies according to the 2015 ATA guidelines; implications for management and treatment.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 May 27;100(5):357-365. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    First Department of General Surgery and Transplantation, 'Evangelismos' General Hospital , Athens , Greece.
    Introduction The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of incidental differentiated thyroid carcinoma in thyroid operations for a benign preoperative diagnosis, to identify the risk factors involved and to risk stratify the cancer patients according to the 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines. Materials and methods The study was a retrospective review of all thyroidectomy operations performed in a single institution (January 2004 to January 2009). We excluded patients with a preoperative diagnosis of thyroid malignancy. Read More

    Comparison of clinical characteristics of patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma and Hürthle cell carcinoma.
    Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2018 Mar 9;65(3):136-142. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España.
    Introduction: Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC) is an uncommon thyroid cancer historically considered to be a variant of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). The aim of this study was to assess the differences between these groups in terms of clinical factors and prognoses.

    Patients And Methods: A total of 230 patients (153 with FTC and 77 with HCC) with a median follow-up of 13. Read More

    Preoperative Cytologic Diagnosis of Warthin-like Variant of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.
    J Pathol Transl Med 2018 Mar 12;52(2):105-109. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Department of Pathology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Warthin-like variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (WLV-PTC) is a relatively rare variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with favorable prognosis. However, preoperative diagnosis using fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens is challenging especially with lymphocytic thyroiditis characterized by Hürthle cells and lymphocytic background. To determine a helpful cytological differential point, we compared WLV-PTC FNA findings with conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma with lymphocytic thyroiditis (PTC-LT) and conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma without lymphocytic thyroiditis (PTC) regarding infiltrating inflammatory cells and their distribution. Read More

    HMGA2 Gene Expression in Fine-needle Aspiration Samples of Thyroid Nodules as a Marker for Preoperative Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer.
    Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2018 Feb 5. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Department of Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia.
    There is a great interest in molecular markers that would help in the preoperative diagnosis of malignant thyroid nodules in cases of indeterminate fine-needle aspiration cytology. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of HMGA2 gene expression in discriminating benign from malignant thyroid nodules. In this study, 237 preoperative thyroid fine-needle aspiration samples were analyzed prospectively for the expression of the HMGA2 gene by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Read More

    Pioglitazone Therapy of PAX8-PPARγ Fusion Protein Thyroid Carcinoma.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
    Context: A subset of thyroid carcinomas expresses an oncogenic PAX8-PPARγ fusion protein (PPFP). The PPARγ/PPFP ligand pioglitazone is highly therapeutic in a transgenic mouse model of PPFP thyroid carcinoma, but whether pioglitazone is therapeutic in patients with PPFP thyroid carcinoma is unknown.

    Case Description: Tumor blocks from forty patients with progressive thyroid cancer despite standard of care therapy were screened for PPFP, and the tumor from only one patient (2. Read More

    Propensity score matching analysis of the prognosis for the rare oxyphilic subtype of thyroid cancer (Hurthle cell carcinoma).
    Oncotarget 2017 Nov 8;8(60):101362-101371. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, People's Republic of China.
    There is controversy regarding the prognosis of patients with oxyphilic thyroid cancer (OXTC). The present study compared the prognoses of OXTC, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC), in order to provide a new perspective regarding the treatment guidelines for these diseases. We evaluated data from patients with thyroid cancer who were included in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2013. Read More

    Hemithyroidectomy for low-risk follicular carcinoma of thyroid: results from a regional hospital.
    Singapore Med J 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Surgery, United Christian Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
    Introduction: Excellent outcome after conservative thyroid surgery for low-risk follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) has been reported from highly specialised centres. However, it is uncertain whether similar treatment results can be achieved in low-volume hospitals.

    Methods: At our institution, 49 patients with FTC were treated during 1991-2014. Read More

    Cancer Risk Associated with Nuclear Atypia in Cytologically Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Thyroid 2018 Feb 21;28(2):210-219. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    1 Department of Head and Neck-Endocrine Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute , Tampa, Florida.
    Background: Indeterminate categories of thyroid cytopathology (categories B-III and B-IV of the Bethesda system) are integrated by a heterogeneous spectrum of cytological scenarios that are generally clustered for analysis and management recommendations. It has been suggested that aspirates exhibiting nuclear atypia have a higher risk of malignancy. This study aimed to assess whether cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules with nuclear atypia have a significantly higher cancer risk than those without nuclear atypia. Read More

    Follicular thyroid cancer and Hürthle cell carcinoma: challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and clinical management.
    Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:
    Follicular thyroid cancer is the second most common differentiated thyroid cancer histological type and has been overshadowed by its more common counterpart-papillary thyroid cancer-despite its unique biological behaviour and less favourable outcomes. In this Review, we comprehensively review the literature on follicular thyroid cancer to provide an evidence-based guide to the management of these tumours, to highlight the lack of evidence behind guideline recommendations, and to identify changes and challenges over the past decades in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. We highlight that correct identification of cancer in indeterminate cytological samples is challenging and ultrasonographic features can be misleading. Read More

    EIF1AX Mutation in a Patient with Hürthle Cell Carcinoma.
    Endocr Pathol 2018 Mar;29(1):27-29
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, 925 Chestnut Street 6th Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.
    The EIF1AX gene is a novel cancer gene that has been reported in the tumorigenesis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma, and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. A 71-year-old woman presented with a right thyroid mass, which was follicular neoplasm on cytology. The fine needle aspirate of the nodule was examined by next-generation sequencing and found to harbor EIF1AX and TP53 mutations. Read More

    Mitochondrial DNA "common deletion" in post-fine needle aspiration infarcted oncocytic thyroid tumors.
    Hum Pathol 2017 11 27;69:23-30. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Department of Oncology, University of Torino, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, 10126 Torino, Italy.
    Thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) can rarely induce morphological changes potentially hindering the histopathological diagnosis, especially in Hurthle cell tumors (HCTs), which may easily undergo post-FNA infarction or necrosis. HCTs contain mitochondrion (mt)-rich cells that may bear mtDNA mutations, the most frequent being the so-called common deletion (CD). The aim of this study was to determine the presence and extent of the mtDNA CD in a series of thyroid HCTs that underwent extensive infarction following FNA procedure in comparison with a control series of HCTs lacking post-FNA ischemic/hemorrhagic alterations. Read More

    Ultrasonic diagnosis for thyroid Hürthle cell tumor.
    Cancer Biomark 2017 Sep;20(3):235-240
    Department of Ultrasound, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.
    Objective: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasound in thyroid Hürthle cell tumors.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out on 27 patients with thyroid Hürthle cell tumors, in terms of the size, shape, boundary, echo, aspect ratio, cystic degeneration, calcification, peripheral halo sign and blood supply of the tumor, through surgical pathological validation. Then, these were compared with postoperative pathological results. Read More

    Prognostic Classifier Based on Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Profiling in Well-Differentiated Thyroid Tumors.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 11;102(11):4089-4099
    Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, UNESP, São Paulo State University, Botucatu 18618-970, SP, Brazil.
    Context: Even though the majority of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) is indolent, a number of cases display an aggressive behavior. Cumulative evidence suggests that the deregulation of DNA methylation has the potential to point out molecular markers associated with worse prognosis.

    Objective: To identify a prognostic epigenetic signature in thyroid cancer. Read More

    THYROID CANCER CONSEQUENCES OF IODINE DEFICIENCY - A PERSISTING WORLDWIDE PROBLEM: CHARACTERISTICS IN DIFFERENT POPULATIONS, PORTUGAL AND SOUTH AFRICA.
    S Afr J Surg 2017 Sep;55(3):69
    University of Beira Interior, and Centro Hospitalar Cova da Beira, Hospital da Covilhã, and CICS-UBI Health Sciences Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior.
    Background: Iodine deficiency (ID) still affects over two billion people worldwide (266 million school aged children). Pathology patterns in ID include: increase in thyroid cancer, higher percentages of follicular and anaplastic cancers and inversion of the papillary/follicular thyroid cancer frequency ratio. China succeeded in eliminating ID through legislation introduced in 1987 aimed at availability of iodized salt countrywide and South Africa through legislation introduced in 1995. Read More

    Impact of Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm With Papillary-Like Features on Adequacy Criteria and Risk of Malignancy of Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration.
    Am J Clin Pathol 2017 Sep;148(3):259-263
    Department of Pathology, Baptist Hospital, Miami, FL.
    Objectives: The impact of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like features (NIFTP) on nondiagnostic and benign diagnoses is not well characterized.

    Methods: The results of all thyroid fine-needle aspirates (FNAs) performed from 1997 to June 2016 with corresponding resections were reviewed.

    Results: From 12,764 aspirates, there were 8,106 (64%) benign diagnoses with 412 (5%) resections and 1,888 (14. Read More

    Expression of Autophagy-Related Proteins in Hürthle Cell Neoplasm Is Different from That in Follicular Neoplasm.
    Dis Markers 2017 27;2017:1372387. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Purpose: We aimed to evaluate expression of autophagy-related proteins in Hürthle cell neoplasm (HCN) and follicular neoplasm (FN) and assess the clinical implications.

    Methods: 265 FNs (112 follicular carcinomas and 153 follicular adenomas) and 108 HCNs (27 Hürthle cell carcinomas and 81 Hürthle cell adenomas) were made into a tissue microarray. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot for autophagy-related proteins (beclin-1, light chain (LC) 3A, LC3B, p62, and BNIP3) were performed, and the results were statistically analyzed. Read More

    NONOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CANCER IN CALIFORNIA: A POPULATION-LEVEL ANALYSIS OF 29,978 PATIENTS.
    Endocr Pract 2017 Oct 17;23(10):1262-1269. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Objective: There has been increasing interest in active surveillance of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and outcomes of nonoperatively managed differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs) in California.

    Methods: Biopsy-proven DTCs from the California Cancer Registry were linked to data from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (2004-2012). Read More

    Oncocytic variant of medullary thyroid carcinoma; a rare tumor with numerous diagnostic mimics by fine needle aspiration.
    Diagn Cytopathol 2017 Dec 12;45(12):1148-1152. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Department of Pathology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO, 80045.
    Oncocytic variant of medullary thyroid carcinoma is rare form of thyroid carcinoma that is easily misdiagnosed on fine needle aspiration specimens due to it is low incidence and cytomorphologic overlap with other more common Hurtle cell lesions. A correct initial diagnosis by fine needle aspiration is imperative as the clinical treatment for medullary carcinoma differs significantly from the mimickers. We present a case of this rare variant tumor that on initial fine needle aspiration was described as a Hurthle cell lesion and was subsequently correctly classified on the resection specimen. Read More

    Differential Expression of Glycolysis-Related Proteins in Follicular Neoplasms versus Hürthle Cell Neoplasms: A Retrospective Analysis.
    Dis Markers 2017 16;2017:6230294. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Purpose: Although currently classified as variants of follicular neoplasms (FNs), Hürthle cell neoplasms (HCNs) exhibit distinct biological characteristics. Hence, the metabolism of both neoplasms may also be different. The aims of this study were to investigate and compare the expression of glycolysis-related proteins in HCNs and FNs and to determine the clinical implications of such expression. Read More

    Aggressive differentiated thyroid cancer with multiple metastases and NRAS and TERT promoter mutations: A case report.
    Oncol Lett 2017 Aug 16;14(2):2186-2190. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences 'M. Aresu', University of Cagliari and University Hospital of Cagliari, I-09042 Cagliari, Italy.
    Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of advanced differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Resistance to sorafenib may appear under treatment and may be associated with increased aggressiveness of the neoplasia. The present study reports the case of a 65-year-old male who underwent total thyroidectomy for a follicular thyroid carcinoma, Hürthle cell variant, in February 2005. Read More

    Size of thyroid carcinoma by histotype and variants: A population-based study in a mildly iodine-deficient area.
    Head Neck 2017 Oct 24;39(10):2095-2103. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
    Background: Data relating the size of thyroid cancer with histological types and variants are scarce.

    Methods: All incident thyroid cancer diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 in a mildly iodine-deficient area were derived from a population-based tumor registry. Undifferentiated/anaplastic thyroid cancer and incidental cases were excluded. Read More

    Phosphorylated Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin (p-mTOR) and Noncoding RNA Expression in Follicular and Hürthle Cell Thyroid Neoplasm.
    Endocr Pathol 2017 Sep;28(3):207-212
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Ave, Box 8550, Madison, WI, 53792, USA.
    Oncocytic (Hürthle cell) and follicular neoplasms are related thyroid tumors with distinct molecular profiles. Diagnostic criteria separating adenomas and carcinomas for these two types of neoplasms are similar, but there may be some differences in the biological behavior of Hürthle cell and follicular carcinomas. Recent studies have shown that noncoding RNAs may have diagnostic and prognostic utility in separating benign and malignant Hürthle cell and follicular neoplasms. Read More

    Validation of American Thyroid Association Ultrasound Risk Assessment of Thyroid Nodules Selected for Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration.
    Thyroid 2017 Aug 18;27(8):1077-1082. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine , Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the American Thyroid Association (ATA) sonographic risk assessment of thyroid nodules.

    Methods: The ATA sonographic risk assessment was prospectively applied to 206 thyroid nodules selected for ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA), and analyzed with The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC), as well as surgical pathology for the subset undergoing surgical excision.

    Results: The analysis included 206 thyroid nodules averaging 2. Read More

    Evolution of the histologic classification of thyroid neoplasms and its impact on clinical management.
    Eur J Surg Oncol 2018 Mar 18;44(3):338-347. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:
    The vast majority of low grade follicular cell derived thyroid carcinomas follows an indolent clinical course and is associated with very low mortality. Risk stratification using multiple clinical and pathologic characteristics has become the standard of care to guide appropriate management and avoid overtreatment. Over the past few decades, the field of thyroid pathology has witnessed several major changes that significantly impacted upon patients' care. Read More

    Survival and prognostic factors for survival, cancer specific survival and disease free interval in 239 patients with Hurthle cell carcinoma: a single center experience.
    BMC Cancer 2017 05 25;17(1):371. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Center for Endocrine Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Pasterova 2, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.
    Background: Hurthle cell carcinoma makes up 3 to 5% of all thyroid cancers and is considered to be a true rarity. The aim of our study was to analyze clinical characteristics and survival rates of patients with Hurthle cell carcinoma.

    Methods: Clinical data regarding basic demographic characteristics, tumor grade, type of surgical treatment and vital status were collected. Read More

    PSMA Expression in Multinodular Thyroid Neoplasm on Simultaneous Ga-68-PSMA PET/MRI.
    Indian J Nucl Med 2017 Apr-Jun;32(2):159-161
    Department of Molecular Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi, India.
    PSMA PET is increasingly being used in imaging of recurrent prostate carcinoma. A case with suspected recurrent Prostate carcinoma (PCa), raised PSA (Prostate specific antigen) and suspected spinal metastases was referred for whole body Ga-68-PSMA PET/MRI. The study revealed PSMA avid recurrent prostate mass and extensive osseous metastases. Read More

    Hashimoto's thyroiditis associated with thyroid adenoma with Hürthle cells - case report.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2017 ;58(1):241-248
    Department of Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;
    Chronic thyroiditis may present a focal lesion, often-palpable abnormality, simulating nodular disease. The number and morphology of the Hürthle cells (HC) vary in the thyroid aspirate. Distinguishing between neoplastic and non-neoplastic HC lesions is difficult when using the fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Read More

    Issues in Managing Hurthle Cell Carcinoma of Thyroid: A Case Report.
    Cureus 2017 Apr 14;9(4):e1167. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Oncology, Kingston General Hospital and Hotel Dieu Hospital, Queens University.
    A 61-year-old woman noticed a right neck lump in October 2001. Fine needle aspiration showed follicular neoplasm, adenoma versus carcinoma. The ultrasound scan showed a solid mass of maximum dimension of 3. Read More

    Metastatic Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma and the Primary Thyroid Gross Examination: Institutional Review of Cases from 1990 to 2015.
    Endocr Pathol 2017 Jun;28(2):177-185
    Pathology Service, WRN219, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.
    The diagnosis of follicular-patterned carcinomas, including follicular thyroid carcinoma, oncocytic (Hürthle cell) carcinoma, and the encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma, requires evidence of capsular and/or vascular invasion. With minimally invasive carcinomas classified often within less than a millimeter of tissue segregating them from adenomas and non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features, opinions vary internationally over how much of the capsule to submit in order to deem it well enough represented, considering that even if grossly entirely submitted in microcassettes, without leveling through each tissue block, the capsule is truly never entirely examined microscopically. Here, we retrospectively examine submission practices and outcomes at a single, high-volume institution over a 25-year period. Read More

    Aberrant Intrathyroid Tissue: a Report of Intrathyroid Lymph Node Metastasis and a Review of Literature.
    Indian J Surg 2017 Apr 20;79(2):148-152. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    Department of Surgery, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand.
    Aberrant histological elements have been infrequently reported to exist within the intact thyroid gland. In addition to distant metastases to the thyroid, a number of ectopic tissue rests and unusual cysts have been described within the thyroid gland. In this article, we report the presence of a true intrathyroid lymph node and describe the first reported case of intrathyroid lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid cancer. Read More

    Parotid gland involvement as an initial presentation of papillary thyroid carcinoma.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Aug 22;46(8):965-967. Epub 2017 Apr 22.
    Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.
    Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most differentiated malignant thyroid neoplasm. Local metastases of PTC commonly occur in the regional lymph nodes, while distant metastases are mainly to the lung and bone. The case of a patient with PTC who presented with swelling of the parotid gland and neck, mimicking a primary parotid neoplasm, is presented herein. Read More

    Nodular oncocytic hyperplasia: Can cytomorphology allow for the preoperative diagnosis of a nonneoplastic salivary disease?
    Cancer Cytopathol 2017 Aug 14;125(8):627-634. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Background: Nodular oncocytic hyperplasia (oncocytosis) of the salivary glands is a benign process that does not inherently require surgical excision. However, cytologic findings in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of oncocytosis cases have not been well characterized previously, limiting preoperative identification.

    Methods: All available cases of oncocytosis with corresponding FNA specimens were identified from the pathology archives of 3 academic institutions. Read More

    Improving Access to Image-guided Procedures at an Integrated Rural Critical Access Hospital: Ultrasound-guided Thyroid Biopsy Program.
    Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2017 Nov - Dec;46(6):419-422. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Critical access hospitals face difficulty providing all services locally and may need to refer patients off-site for additional care. Providing on-site minimally invasive biopsies, may obviate visits to tertiary or quaternary care centers. This study aims to assess feasibility and outcomes of an ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy program in a critical access hospital. Read More

    Risk of Malignancy and Risk of Neoplasia in the Bethesda Indeterminate Categories: Study on 4,532 Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspirations from a Single Institution in India.
    Acta Cytol 2017 14;61(2):103-110. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Cytology and Gynecological Pathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    Objectives: To determine the frequency of category 3 (atypia of undetermined significance [AUS]/follicular lesion of undetermined significance [FLUS]), category 4 (follicular neoplasm), and category 5 (suspicious for malignancy) of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC), the risk of malignancy (ROM) and the risk of neoplasia (RON) in these categories.

    Study Design: A retrospective 6-year audit of 4,532 thyroid fine-needle aspirations (FNA) reported as per the TBSRTC from a single institution with cytohistological correlation in 335 cases.

    Results: The frequency of categories 3, 4, and 5 was 2. Read More

    Parathyroid Adenomas in Adults and Adolescents. Critical Appraisal and Surgical Strategy in 18 Cases.
    Chirurgia (Bucur) 2017 Jan-Feb;112(1):18-24
    Our study underline scarcity of isolated case reports or small case series of parathyroid adenoma (PA) published in autochthonous medical literature,their variable clinical expression among the "historic" varieties but also the diagnostic difficulties and delays of diagnosis as well consecration of surgery as the golden therapeutic standard of this disorder.

    Patients And Method: Demographic, clinical presentations, laboratory and imaging data, operative findings and procedures together with pathology account and outcome from the case reports of 18 patients with documented PHP were retrospectively analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1/5, with ages ranging from 16 to 58 (mean 46) years. Read More

    Cytological evaluation by fine needle aspiration biopsy of incidental focal increased fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in thyroid on positron emission tomography scan.
    Diagn Cytopathol 2017 Jun 6;45(6):501-506. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Pathology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
    Background: With the increased use of whole body fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) scan for staging/restaging or primary diagnosis of neoplasia, thyroid incidentalomas have become more common. The limited reports of PET-positive thyroid incidentalomas showed incidence of malignancy ranging from 14 to 66%, and there is discrepancy in terms of the diagnostic significance of the standard uptake value (SUV) value.

    Methods: This is a retrospective study of 20 PET incidentalomas which had cytological evaluation from October 2009 to February 2015 at a tertiary care university medical center, M:F = 8:12. Read More

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