THYROID CANCER CONSEQUENCES OF IODINE DEFICIENCY - A PERSISTING WORLDWIDE PROBLEM: CHARACTERISTICS IN DIFFERENT POPULATIONS, PORTUGAL AND SOUTH AFRICA.
- J E Santos
S Afr J Surg 2017 Sep;55(3):69
University of Beira Interior, and Centro Hospitalar Cova da Beira, Hospital da Covilhã, and CICS-UBI Health Sciences Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior.
Background: Iodine deficiency (ID) still affects over two billion people worldwide (266 million school aged children). Pathology patterns in ID include: increase in thyroid cancer, higher percentages of follicular and anaplastic cancers and inversion of the papillary/follicular thyroid cancer frequency ratio. China succeeded in eliminating ID through legislation introduced in 1987 aimed at availability of iodized salt countrywide and South Africa through legislation introduced in 1995. Read More