1,454 results match your criteria Hospital practice 1995[Journal]


An update on admissions of cystic fibrosis children in the United States based on national databases.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 11:1-2. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

c Faculty of Science - Department of Pediatrics , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , China.

We read the article posted by Vadagam et al. with great interest and would like to provide a brief update based on the 2016 KID database to understand the trend in hospitalization among cystic fibrosis children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1607351DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Feasibility of using point prevalence surveys to assess antimicrobial utilisation in public hospitals in South Africa: a pilot study and implications.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr;47(2):88-95

a School of Pharmacy , Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University , Ga-Rankuwa , Pretoria , South Africa.

Objectives: There is currently a lack of data regarding antimicrobial use among public hospitals in South Africa. This is a concern given their growing use and increasing antimicrobial resistance rates in South Africa. Consequently, the objectives of this study were to firstly determine the appropriateness of point prevalence survey (PPS) data collection instruments for performing antimicrobial utilization studies among public sector hospitals in South Africa; secondly, to determine current antimicrobial utilization in a public sector hospital, and thirdly evaluate the prescribing of antimicrobials with those contained within the national Essential Medicines List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EML/STGs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1592880DOI Listing

Safety profile of iron polymaltose infusions.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 18;47(2):96-98. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

d Department of Pharmacy , Western Hospital , Melbourne , Australia.

Objectives: Iron polymaltose infusions are one type of iron infusate used to treat iron deficiency used in countries such as Australia. We looked at the safety profile of this infusion at one metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia and the associated demographics of those who had reactions.

Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records all adult patients who had an iron polymaltose infusion at Western Hospital over 12 months was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1593006DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Obesity-related heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: new treatment strategies.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 13;47(2):67-72. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

b Department of Cardiology , INTEGRIS Baptist Medical Center , Oklahoma City , OK , USA.

Objectives: Obesity has risen in the US and worldwide, and has become a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and mostly HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Also, the prevalence of HF is quite high in the US accounting for 6.6 million adults at present and is projected to reach 8. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1575662DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Hypertrophic cervical spine pachymeningitis due to sarcoidosis: a case report.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 6;47(2):99-103. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

d Pathology , Lehigh Valley Health Network , Allentown , PA , USA.

Hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is a chronic, progressive diffuse inflammatory condition that leads to thickening of the dura mater and can be idiopathic or associated with sarcoidosis among other disorders. In this case report, we present a rare case of cervical spine HP in a 29-year-old woman in the post-partum period, who had a history of pituitary adenoma and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine revealed a soft tissue mass and moderate cord compression. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1575645DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads

Elevated admission serum calcium phosphate product as an independent risk factor for acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 21;47(2):73-79. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine , Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

Background: Increased serum calcium-phosphate product (CaP) can result in acute kidney injury (AKI) due to tubular and interstitial calcium phosphate deposits. CaP of > 55 mg/dL is also associated with systemic calcification. However, the risk of AKI development among hospitalized patients with different admission calcium-phosphate product levels remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1568719DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

A dual-perspective analysis of the hospital and payer-borne burdens of selected in-hospital surgical complications in low anterior resection for colorectal cancer.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Apr 1;47(2):80-87. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a Epidemiology, Medical Devices , Johnson & Johnson , New Brunswick , NJ , USA.

Objectives: The economic burden of surgical complications is borne in distinctly different ways by hospitals and payers. This study quantified the incidence and economic burden - from both the hospital and payer perspective - of selected major colorectal surgery complications in patients undergoing low anterior resection (LAR) for colorectal cancer.

Methods: Retrospective, observational study of patient undergoing LAR for colorectal cancer between 1/1/2010 and 7/1/2015. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1568718DOI Listing
April 2019
23 Reads

The association between renal function and neurological diseases in type 2 diabetes: a multicenter nationwide cross-sectional study.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 25;47(1):46-52. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

d Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine , University of Mississippi Medical Center , Jackson , MS , USA.

Background: The evidence for an association between renal function and neurological diseases among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, particularly in the Asian population, is limited. This study aimed to assess the association between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and various neurological diseases among T2DM patients in Thailand using a nationwide patient sample.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional study based on the DM/HT study of the Medical Research Network of the Consortium of Thai Medical Schools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1549916DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

The impact of proactive rounding on rapid response team calls: an observational study.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 15;47(1):42-45. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

d Regenstrief Institute , Indiana University School of Medicine , Indianapolis , IN , USA.

Background: Rapid response teams (RRTs) improve mortality by intervening in the hours preceding arrest. Implementation of these teams varies across institutions.

Setting And Design: Our health-care system has two different RRT models at two hospitals: Hospital A does not utilize a proactive rounder while Hospital B does. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1546529DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hypoplastic thrombocytopenia and platelet transfusion: therapeutic goals.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 14;47(1):16-23. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

c Faculty of Medicine, 3rd Department of Internal Medicine , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens , Greece.

Platelet transfusions consist a major part of the management of hypoplastic thrombocytopenia, the latter occurring mainly among patients with hematological malignancies. Platelet transfusions have led to a reduction of deaths attributable to thrombocytopenia-induced bleeding, despite their possible complications; nonetheless, prophylactic administration of platelets to patients with severe thrombocytopenia or before invasive procedures should be based on specific criteria, as well as therapeutic administration during active bleeding. Recently developed ex-vivo procedures have resulted in producing safer blood products, yet it remains unclear whether these pathogen-inactivated products have sufficient efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1546530DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Candidemia from urinary tract source: the challenge of candiduria.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 18:1-3. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

b Severe Infection Research Group , Health Research Institute Hospital La Fe , Valencia , ( Spain ).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1538623DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Impact of hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services on length of stay and 30-day readmission rate in hip fracture patients.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 26;47(1):24-27. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

a Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine , University of North Carolina School of Medicine , Chapel Hill , North Carolina , United States.

Objectives: Hip fracture is a common and morbid condition, affecting a patient population with significant medical co-morbidities. A number of medical co-management models have been studied, with conflicting reports of effect on patient outcomes. Our objective was to compare outcomes for patients with hip fracture managed by hospitalist vs. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1537850DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Surgery without a surrogate: the low prevalence of healthcare power of attorney documents among preoperative patients.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 26;47(1):28-33. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

e Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics , Columbia St. Mary's Hospital , Wauwatosa , WI , USA.

Background: There has been little published research regarding the implementation of healthcare power of attorney (HCPOA) documents prior to elective surgery.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of HCPOA documents incorporated into the electronic medical records (EMR) of patients undergoing elective surgery at four healthcare institutions. A secondary aim is to examine for correlations between HCPOA document implementation and demographic and preoperative clinical predictors. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2019.1537849DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Determinants of glycemic control among diabetes mellitus patients in a tertiary clinic in Gaborone, Botswana: findings and implications.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 5;47(1):34-41. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

j Consultant Public Health Specialist , Addis Ababa , Ethiopia.

Background And Aims: Glycemic control among patients with diabetes mellitus is associated with a marked reduction of both macrovascular and microvascular complications; however, glycemic control remains an elusive goal worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with glycemic control among patients attending a tertiary clinic in Botswana as limited information to date.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in a tertiary clinic in Gaborone, Botswana. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1535977DOI Listing
February 2019
19 Reads

Clostridium difficile infection in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Dec 15;46(5):287-294. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

b Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, and Faculty of Health Sciences , University of the Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , South Africa.

Objectives: The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection is increasing, resulting in significant in-patient morbidity and mortality. We describe the characteristics of Clostridium difficile infection in patients admitted to a tertiary Academic Hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Methods: This was a retrospective record review of 154 adult in-patients with confirmed Clostridium difficile infection undertaken between 1 January 2013 and 30 June 2014. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1534431DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Clostridium difficile infection in oncology patients: epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 8:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

c Henry Ford Health System - Internal Medicine-Gastroenterology , USA.

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections in the United States. Its incidence has been increasing in the recent years despite preventative measures. CDI increases annual expenses by 1. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1533673DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Cardiotoxicity of cancer chemotherapy in clinical practice.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 10;47(1):6-15. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

a Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine , Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College , Valhalla , NY , USA.

Several anticancer agents are associated with significant cardiotoxicity. The list of cardiotoxic cancer therapeutic agents includes anthracyclines, trastuzumab, alkylating agents, antimetabolites, which have been in use for decades; and recently introduced anticancer therapies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors, angiogenesis inhibitors, checkpoint inhibitors and proteasome inhibitors. Cardiac imaging using echocardiography, nuclear imaging techniques, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can help in the early detection of chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1530831DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

The role of orthoses in knee osteoarthritis.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 29;47(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

b Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , La Paz University Hospital-IdiPaz , Madrid , Spain.

Objectives: Taking into account that the role of orthoses in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is unclear and controversial, the purpose of this article is to review recent literature with the aim of answering the following question: What is the current role of orthoses in the treatment of knee OA?

Methods: A Cochrane Library and PubMed (MEDLINE) search related to the role of orthoses in knee OA was performed.

Results: Unloader braces decrease the adduction moment of the knee. In patients with varus medial compartment knee OA bracing is beneficial for pain, stiffness, function and quality of life (low grade of evidence). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1527168DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Management of patients with septic shock due to Candida infection.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Dec 20;46(5):258-265. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

a Dipartimento di Area Medica , Università degli studi di Udine , Udine , Italy.

Septic shock represents a serious complication occurring between 6% and 30% of all hospitalized patients; Candida septic shock represents a challenge for clinicians due to the absence of specific risk factors, diagnostic tests, and management. Identification of specific risk factors and use of biomarkers are useful tools considering that differentiation of Candida from bacterial septic shock is demanding. Early effective antifungal treatment, preferably with echinocandins with an adequate source control, represents the best approach for improving survival of patients with septic shock due to Candida. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1518104DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Biomarkers in early treatment of invasive candidiasis.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Sep 8:1-4. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

a Univ. Lille, U995 - LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center , Lille , France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1516105DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Infection control measures to prevent hospital transmission of candida.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Dec 5;46(5):253-257. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

b Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Infection Control Committee, Faculty of Medicine , Erciyes University , Kayseri , Turkey.

Invasive candida infections are the most important causes of nosocomial infections in intensive care units and in risky groups such as immunosuppressed patients. These infections lead to undesirable consequences such as increased morbidity and mortality in patients, prolongation of hospital stay, and increased hospital costs. In recent years, the incidence of non-albicans Candida spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1510282DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Impact of a pharmacist-driven pharmacovigilance system in a secondary hospital in the Gauteng Province of South Africa.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 11;46(4):221-228. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

a Department of Public Health Pharmacy and Management, School of Pharmacy , Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University , Ga-Rankuwa , South Africa.

Background And Aims: Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by health-care professionals (HCPs) is a worldwide problem. Spontaneous reporting in hospitals is scarce and several obstacles have been identified for this. Improved hospital-based reports could make important contributions to future care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1510708DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Insight to the growing utilizations of high flow nasal oxygen therapy over non-invasive ventilation in community teaching hospital: alternative or complementary?.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 21;46(4):170-171. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

c Pulmonary and Critical Care Section (111Q) , West Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center , CA , USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1510283DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Candidemia in the patient with malignancy.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

d CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias , CIBERES , Barcelona , Spain.

Invasive fungal infections are a common life-threatening disease and a major cause of morbidity, particularly in patients with malignancies, and Candida spp. is the most common isolated fungi in bloodstream. Candidemia is the focus of this review, which covers an approach to diagnosis and treatment, with an emphasis on patients with malignancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1508290DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Hospitalization costs of cystic fibrosis in the United States: a retrospective analysis.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 9;46(4):203-213. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

a Pharmacy Administration , School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University , Pittsburgh , USA.

Objective: To determine patient, hospital, and clinical characteristics associated with the length of stay (LOS), total hospital charges, and total hospital costs in cystic fibrosis (CF).

Methods: Hospital discharge records with primary and secondary diagnoses of CF were identified from the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) consisting of inpatient records of ages 0-20 years; and 2012 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) consisting of inpatient records of ages 21 and above. Both the databases are part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1505407DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Economic burden of hospital admissions for patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections in the United States.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

c Real-World Evidence , Evidera , Waltham , MA , USA.

Objectives: We estimated the total US hospital costs associated with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infection (ABSSSI) admissions as well as the admissions that may have been potential candidates for outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT).

Methods: We assessed inpatient admissions for ABSSSI from the Premier database (2011-2014), focusing on all admissions of adults with length of stay (LOS) ≥ 1 days and a primary diagnosis of erysipelas, cellulitis/abscess, or wound infection. We performed a detailed analysis of 2014 admissions for patient, treatment, hospital, and economic characteristic variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1506673DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Major bleeding with apixaban in atrial fibrillation: patient characteristics, management, and outcomes.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 9;46(4):165-169. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

a Department of Pharmaceutical Services , Beaumont Hospital - Royal Oak , Royal Oak , MI , USA.

Objectives: To identify patient characteristics, bleed management, and bleed outcomes in patients experiencing an apixaban major bleeding event and to identify opportunities to improve the safe use of apixaban.

Methods: This retrospective single health-system study identified apixaban patients experiencing a major bleeding event between January 2013 and May 2016 through electronic medical record review. Patient characteristics, bleed management, and outcomes were extracted in those with a confirmed major bleed assessed by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1506675DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease using estimated glomerular filtration rate among diabetes patients attending a tertiary clinic in Botswana.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 14;46(4):214-220. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

j Consultant Public Health Specialist, CDC , Addis Ababa , Ethiopia.

Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common contributors of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The epidemiology of CKD, a concern among patients with DM, has not been studied in Botswana. Consequently, the objective of this study was to estimate its prevalence among these patients in Botswana to provide future guidance to both government personnel and physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1506674DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Intra-articular injections of fat-derived mesenchymal stem cells in knee osteoarthritis: are they recommended?

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 11;46(4):172-174. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

a Department of Orthopaedic Surgery , La Paz University Hospital-IdiPaz , Madrid , Spain.

Introduction: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the preeminent musculoskeletal illnesses in the adult population.

Aim: To investigate the role of intra-articular injections of joint fat-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in knee OA.

Methods: A Cochrane Library and PubMed (MEDLINE) search related to the role of intra-articular injections of joint fat-derived MSCs in knee OA was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1505181DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

The importance of smoking in orthopedic surgery.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 9;46(4):175-182. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

a Department of Orthopedic Surgery , La Paz University Hospital-IdiPaz , Madrid , Spain.

Introduction: Tobacco use is related to augmented morbidity and mortality. People who smoke heavily before orthopedic surgery may have more nonmedical complications than nonsmokers. Therefore, all orthopedic surgery patients should be screened for tobacco use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1505406DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Economic impact of tolvaptan treatment vs. fluid restriction based on real-world data among hospitalized patients with heart failure and hyponatremia.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 2;46(4):197-202. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

d Health Economics and Outcomes Research , Green Brook , NJ , USA.

Objectives: To estimate the cost difference associated with tolvaptan treatment vs. fluid restriction (FR) among hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) and hyponatremia (HN) based on a real-world registry of HN patients.

Methods: An Excel-based economic model was developed to evaluate the cost impact of tolvaptan treatment vs. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1505180DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Cost comparison of fibrin sealant versus tack screws for mesh fixation in laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 25;46(4):233-237. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

c Global HEOR Advanced Surgery , Baxter Health Care Corporation , Deerfield , IL , USA.

Objectives: Inguinal hernias of the abdominal wall are common accounting for 75% of all hernia defects. They can be treated with laparoscopic surgery using a transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach. However, in surgery there is some contention on how to conclude the hernia repair, as there are alternatives of using fibrin sealant (FS) or tack screws for fixation of a mesh implant over the defect in the abdominal wall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1500369DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Floseal only versus in combination in spine surgery: a comparative, retrospective hospital database evaluation of clinical and healthcare resource outcomes.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 23;46(4):189-196. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

a Baxter Healthcare Corporation , Deerfield , IL , USA.

Objective: Flowable agents such as Floseal® (F) are often reserved as adjuncts to non-flowable agents (i.e. gelatin (G) sponges and thrombin (T)) when bleeding is not sufficiently controlled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1498279DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Updates in venous thromboembolism management: evidence published in 2017.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 20;46(4):183-188. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

a Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine , Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) management is rapidly evolving and staying up-to-date is challenging. We identified the most practice-informing articles published in 2017 relevant to the nonspecialist provider managing VTE. We performed a systematic search of the literature (Appendix A), limiting the search to a publication date of 2017. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1486676DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Admission serum phosphate levels predict hospital mortality.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 18;46(3):121-127. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

a Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine , Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between admission serum phosphate levels and in-hospital mortality in all hospitalized patients.

Methods: All adult hospitalized patients who had admission serum phosphate available between years 2009 and 2013 were enrolled. Admission serum phosphate was categorized based on its distribution into six groups (<2. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1483172DOI Listing
August 2018
34 Reads

Diagnostic lipid changes in patients with visceral leishmaniasis.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Oct 6;46(4):229-232. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

a Department of Internal Medicine , Medical School, University of Ioannina , Ioannina , Greece.

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been associated with the increase in triglyceride (TG) levels and the decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether there is a diagnostic cut-off point in these lipid profile changes.

Materials And Methods: We included 100 patients with febrile infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1483171DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The clinical implications of tests confirming COPD in subjects hospitalized with exacerbations.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 28;47(1):59-65. Epub 2018 May 28.

b Division of Pulmonary , Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Cook County Health and Hospitals System , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

Background: The diagnosis of COPD in patients hospitalized for AECOPD can be confirmed by spirometry showing obstruction or radiographs showing emphysema. The evidence for COPD is sometimes absent or contradicts this diagnosis. The inaccurate attribution of the exacerbation to COPD can lead to suboptimal care and worse outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1475998DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Determinants of antibiotic prescribing among doctors in a Nigerian urban tertiary hospital.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2019 Feb 21;47(1):53-58. Epub 2018 May 21.

f Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine , Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Objectives: The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has assumed pandemic dimensions especially among low-and middle-income countries such as Nigeria. Irrational use of currently available antimicrobial agents is a major contributory factor. There remains a paucity of documented information on the determinants of antibiotic prescribing among physicians in Nigeria to guide future strategies to reduce AMR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1475997DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 7;46(3):163. Epub 2018 May 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1471920DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Awareness of acute kidney injury risk factors and perspectives on its practice guidelines.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 24;46(3):137-143. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

c College of Medicine , King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Identifying and assessing risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) are crucial for its early detection and possible intervention to prevent AKI and associated adverse outcomes. This study aimed to investigate AKI risk factor awareness and risk assessment by healthcare professionals and to evaluate perspectives on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes AKI guidelines.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted among healthcare professionals (physicians and pharmacists) at XXX from December 2016 to February 2017. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21548331.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1462081DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Point prevalence survey of antibiotic use and resistance at a referral hospital in Kenya: findings and implications.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 27;46(3):128-136. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

c Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences , University of Strathclyde , Glasgow , UK.

Background And Aims: A substantial amount of antibiotic use in hospitals may be inappropriate, potentially leading to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance, adverse effects, mortality and increased hospital costs. The objective was to assess current patterns of antibiotic use in a leading referral hospital in Western Kenya. This would lead to the identification of opportunities for quality improvement in this hospital and others across Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1464872DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 23;46(3):144-151. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

a Pulmonary and Critical Care , University of Missouri-Kansas City , Kansas City , MO , USA.

Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a leading complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) with significant morbidity and mortality. ACS is the most common cause of death and the second most common cause of hospitalization in patients with SCD. Delineating the specific cause of ACS is often difficult, and multiple risk factors that precipitate ACS frequently coexist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1464363DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Creating and evaluating an opportunity for medication reconciliation in the adult population of South Africa to improve patient care.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 16;46(3):110-120. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

a School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences , Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University , Ga-Rankuwa , South Africa.

Objective: Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, with more than 50% of ADEs being preventable. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are typically the result of an incomplete medication history, prescribing or dispensing error, as well as over- or under-use of prescribed pharmacotherapy. Medication reconciliation is the process of creating the most accurate list of medications a patient is taking and subsequently comparing the list against the different transitions of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1461528DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Prophylactic antibiotics to prevent surgical site infections in Botswana: findings and implications.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 23;46(3):97-102. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

h School of Clinical Medicine , University of KwaZulu-Natal , Durban , South Africa.

Objectives: Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery is known to reduce the rate of surgical site infections (SSI) as well as shorten hospital stay. However, there is currently a scarcity of data on antibiotic prophylaxis and SSIs among African countries including Botswana. Consequently, this study aimed to address this. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1450605DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Intracranial hemorrhage in the setting of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: two case reports and a review.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 14;46(3):103-109. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

b Lehigh Valley Physicians Group - Neurology , Lehigh Valley Health Network , Allentown , PA , USA.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is clinically characterized by seizures, changes in vision, altered mental status, and headache, with associated radiologic changes on brain imaging. Intraparenchymal hemorrhage is a rare complication of PRES and an atypical initial presentation of this condition. In this report, we discuss two patients who presented with multifocal cerebral hemorrhages that were later attributed to PRES. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1451204DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

DRESS syndrome: a detailed insight.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Aug 15;46(3):152-162. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

a Department of Clinical Pharmacology , Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) , Puducherry , India.

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a serious and potentially fatal adverse effect to therapeutic medications. The incidence of this condition varies among different ethnicities because of the difference in the genetic makeup. Though fever, rash and eosinophilia are essential features for the diagnosis of this syndrome, these vary from patient to patient along with the involvement of various organs such as liver, kidney, lungs, pancreas, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1451205DOI Listing
August 2018
28 Reads

Interventional therapies for relief of obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: discussion and proposed clinical algorithm.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Apr 6;46(2):58-63. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

a Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine , Westchester Medical Center , Valhalla , NY , USA.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a disease formerly thought rare in clinical practice, is now believed to affect as many as 1 in 300 individuals, regardless of race or gender. Rising awareness, coupled with advanced imaging and the development of dedicated HCM centers of excellence, has led to more patients coming to clinical presentation. While some are diagnosed at a young age, others are diagnosed in middle age or well into advanced age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1447738DOI Listing
April 2018
28 Reads

Cardiovascular benefits and risks of testosterone replacement therapy in older men with low testosterone.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Apr 1;46(2):47-55. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

b Department of Cardiology , INTEGRIS Baptist Medical Center , Oklahoma City , OK , USA.

Many studies have shown that low testosterone (T) levels have been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and strokes. In contrast, many other studies have demonstrated that normal T levels or the normalization of low T levels with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is associated with decreased incidence of CV events, T2DM, and strokes, besides improving sexual function and the quality of life. However, recent studies have indicated that TRT could lead to increased incidence of CV events and strokes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1445405DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

High flow nasal oxygen therapy utilization: 7-year experience at a community teaching hospital.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Apr 15;46(2):73-76. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

c Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care , Baystate Medical Center , Springfield , MA , USA.

Objective: To examine the use of high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) between 2008 and 2014 in patients 18 years or older at a community teaching hospital.

Methods: Yearly utilization rates of HFNC, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) were calculated among admissions with a set of cardiopulmonary diagnoses (heart failure, COPD, asthma or pneumonia).

Results: Among the 41,711 admissions with at least one of the above cardiopulmonary condition, HFNC was utilized in 1,128 or 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1438739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008098PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Drug promotional activities in Nigeria: impact on the prescribing patterns and practices of medical practitioners and the implications.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Apr 20;46(2):77-87. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

i Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences , University of Strathclyde , Glasgow , UK.

Objective: Pharmaceutical companies spend significant amount of resources on promotion influencing the prescribing behavior of physicians. Drug promotion can negatively impact on rational prescribing, which may adversely affect the quality of patient care. However, little is known about these activities in Nigeria as the most populous country in Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1437319DOI Listing
April 2018
13 Reads