5,014 results match your criteria Horseshoe Kidney Imaging


Habitat selection and prediction of the spatial distribution of the Chinese horseshoe bat (R. sinicus) in the Wuling Mountains.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Dec 5;191(1). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, 221116, Jiangsu, China.

Habitat selection by the Chinese horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus) in the Wuling Mountains was studied in this paper. Global positioning system (GPS), remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) technologies were used to obtain ground survey data and analyse the habitat factors driving the distribution of R. sinicus. Read More

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December 2018

Horseshoe, Cockpit, and Dragonfly: Nurse Movement in Headwall Patient Rooms.

Authors:
D Kirk Hamilton

Crit Care Nurs Q 2019 Jan/Mar;42(1):47-52

College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station.

An exploratory, qualitative study conducted on 6 units in 4 hospitals featured field observations of 20 experienced nurses during complete 12-hour day and night shifts, followed by semistructured participant interviews. All patient rooms featured conventional headwall-type life support systems in which the head of the bed is against the wall where multiple electrical, gas, and communication utilities are located. Critical care nurses displayed repetitive movement patterns around the patient and the bed. Read More

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December 2018

Modulation of Human Complement System by Antimicrobial Peptide Arenicin-1 from .

Mar Drugs 2018 Dec 1;16(12). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Institute of Experimental Medicine, Acad. Pavlov Str. 12, Saint Petersburg 197376, Russia.

Antimicrobial peptides from marine invertebrates are known not only to act like cytotoxic agents, but they also can display some additional activities in mammalian organisms. In particular, these peptides can modulate the complement system as was described for tachyplesin, a peptide from the horseshoe crab. In this work, we investigated the influence on complement activation of the antimicrobial peptide arenicin-1 from the marine polychaete . Read More

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December 2018

The structure of SDS22 provides insights into the mechanism of heterodimer formation with PP1.

Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun 2018 Dec 30;74(Pt 12):817-824. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, 1041 East Lowell Drive, Biosciences West, Tucson, AZ 85281, USA.

Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) dephosphorylates hundreds of key biological targets by associating with nearly 200 regulatory proteins to form highly specific holoenzymes. The vast majority of regulators are intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and bind PP1 via short linear motifs within their intrinsically disordered regions. One of the most ancient PP1 regulators is SDS22, a protein that is conserved from yeast to mammals. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Fabrication of Stretchable Circuits on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Pre-Stretched Substrates by Inkjet Printing Silver Nanoparticles.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Nov 26;11(12). Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Mechatronics Engineering Department/NanoLab, School of Applied Technical Sciences, German Jordanian University, P.O. Box 35247, Amman 11180, Jordan.

Several research methodologies have recently been developed to allow for the patterning of conductive lines on elastomeric rubber substrates. Specifically, various conductive materials, substrates, and fabrication techniques were investigated to develop stretchable circuits. One promising technique recommends the application of axial strain on an elastomer substrate prior to patterning conductive lines on it. Read More

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November 2018

Cytotoxic Potential of the Novel Horseshoe Crab Peptide Polyphemusin III.

Mar Drugs 2018 Nov 26;16(12). Epub 2018 Nov 26.

M.M. Shemyakin & Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, the Russian Academy of Sciences, Mikhluho-Maklaya str. 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russia.

Biological activity of the new antimicrobial peptide polyphemusin III from the horseshoe crab was examined against bacterial strains and human cancer, transformed, and normal cell cultures. Polyphemusin III has the amino acid sequence RRGCFRVCYRGFCFQRCR and is homologous to other β-hairpin peptides from the horseshoe crab. Antimicrobial activity of the peptide was evaluated and MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) values were determined. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

On the Enigma of the Human Neurenteric Canal.

Cells Tissues Organs 2018 Nov 27:1-23. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Anatomy and Embryology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Existence and biomedical relevance of the neurenteric canal, a transient midline structure during early neurulation in the human embryo, have been controversially discussed for more than a century by embryologists and clinicians alike. In this study, the authors address the long-standing enigma by high-resolution histology and three-dimensional reconstruction using new and historic histological sections of 5 human 17- to 21-day-old embryos and of 2 marmoset monkey embryos of the species Callithrix jacchus at corresponding stages. The neurenteric canal presents itself as the classical vertical connection between the amniotic cavity and the yolk sac cavity and is lined (a) craniolaterally by a horseshoe-shaped "hinge of involuting notochordal cells" within Hensen's node and (b) caudally by the receding primitive streak epiblast dorsally and by notochordal plate epithelium ventrally, the latter of which covered the (longitudinal) notochordal canal on its ventral side at the preceding stage. Read More

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November 2018

Macrophage depletion with clodronate-containing liposomes affects the incidence and development of rheumatoid arthritis.

Z Rheumatol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Center Laboratory, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital, Dalian University, 116001, Dalian, China.

Objective: This study investigated the effect of macrophage depletion with clodronate-containing liposomes (Clo-lip) on the incidence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: The effect of macrophage depletion with Clo-lip in the spleen was assessed by HE (haematoxylin and eosin) staining and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Thirty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups, which were administered PBS-lip, Clo-lip, or normal saline. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Photoreceptor projection from a four-tiered retina to four distinct regions of the first optic ganglion in a jumping spider.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Laboratory of Neuroethology, SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Shonan Village, Hayama 240-0115, Japan.

Jumping spiders have four pairs of eyes (ocelli) of which only the principal eyes (PEs) are used to detect features of objects. Photoreceptors in the retina of the PEs form four layers (PL1-4) and terminate in the first optic ganglion (FOG). Here we focus on Hasarius adansoni because it has unique depth vision besides color vision and its FOG appears to contribute to the initial processing of these visual modalities. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Navigated Retina Laser Therapy as a Novel Method for Laser Retinopexy of Retinal Tears.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2018 Nov;49(11):e206-e209

Background And Objective: To describe the use of a navigated laser system for the treatment of retinal tears.

Materials And Methods: A planned pattern laser retinopexy was performed using a navigated laser photocoagulator incorporating rapid panretinal photocoagulation technology with an individualized target overlay to produce a 3 × 3 square pattern surrounding a horseshoe tear. Institutional review board approval was not applicable for this case. Read More

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November 2018

Hysteresis and Allostery in Human UDP-Glucose Dehydrogenase Require a Flexible Protein Core.

Biochemistry 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Human UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (hUGDH) oxidizes UDP-glucose to UDP-glucuronic acid, an essential substrate in the phase II metabolism of drugs. The activity of hUGDH is regulated by the conformation of a buried allosteric switch (T131-loop/α6 helix). Substrate binding induces the allosteric switch to slowly isomerize from an inactive E* conformation to the active E state, which can be observed as enzyme hysteresis. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A fetal case of microphthalmia and limb anomalies with abnormal neuronal migration associated with SMOC1 biallelic variants.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

University of Torino, Department of Medical Sciences, 10126, Torino, Italy.

Microphthalmia with limb anomalies (MLA, OMIM, 206920) is a rare autosomal-recessive disease caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the SMOC1 gene. It is characterized by ocular disorders (microphtalmia or anophtalmia) and limb anomalies (oligodactyly, syndactyly, and synostosis of the 4th and 5th metacarpals), variably associated with long bone hypoplasia, horseshoe kidney, venous anomalies, vertebral anomalies, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. Here, we report the case of a woman who interrupted her pregnancy after ultrasound scans revealed a depression of the frontal bone, posterior fossa anomalies, cerebral ventricular enlargement, cleft spine involving the sacral and lower-lumbar vertebrae, and bilateral microphthalmia. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Molecular identification of Betacoronavirus in bats from Sardinia (Italy): first detection and phylogeny.

Virus Genes 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.

Bats may be natural reservoirs for a large variety of emerging viruses, including mammalian coronaviruses (CoV). The recent emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in humans, with evidence that these viruses may have their ancestry in bats, highlights the importance of virus surveillance in bat populations. Here, we report the identification and molecular characterization of a bat β-Coronavirus, detected during a viral survey carried out on different bat species in the island of Sardinia (Italy). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Species-Specific Functional Regions of the Green Alga Gamete Fusion Protein HAP2 Revealed by Structural Studies.

Structure 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Institut Pasteur, Unité de Virologie Structurale, 25-28 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France; CNRS UMR 3569, 25-28 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France. Electronic address:

The cellular fusion protein HAP2, which is structurally homologous to viral class II fusion proteins, drives gamete fusion across several eukaryotic kingdoms. Gamete fusion is a highly controlled process in eukaryotes, and is allowed only between same species gametes. In spite of a conserved architecture, HAP2 displays several species-specific functional regions that were not resolved in the available X-ray structure of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii HAP2 ectodomain. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Correlation of MRI features of urethral diverticulum and pre- and post-operative stress urinary incontinence.

Neurourol Urodyn 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust at Westmoreland Street, Marylebone, London.

Aims: The complexity of urethral diverticulectomy depends on location, size, and degree of circumferential involvement. MRI features were examined to predict functional outcome after surgery for urethral diverticulum (UD).

Methods: A prospectively acquired database was of all patients who have had surgical excision of UD at a tertiary center since 2004 was reviewed. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Miniaturisation in Chelicerata.

Authors:
Jason A Dunlop

Arthropod Struct Dev 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science, Invalidenstrasse 43, Berlin D-10115, Germany.

Arachnids and their relatives (Chelicerata) range in body length from tens of centimetres in horseshoe crabs down to little more than 80-200 μm in several groups of mites. Spiders (Araneae) show the widest range within a given Bauplan - the largest species being ca. 270 times longer than the smallest - making them excellent models to investigate scaling effects. Read More

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November 2018

Maxilloturbinal Aids in Nasophonation in Horseshoe Bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae).

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York.

Horseshoe bats (Family Rhinolophidae) show an impressive array of morphological traits associated with use of high duty cycle echolocation calls that they emit via their nostrils (nasophonation). Delicate maxilloturbinal bones inside the nasal fossa of horseshoe bats have a unique elongated strand-like shape unknown in other mammals. Maxilloturbinal strands also vary considerably in length and cross-sectional shape. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Present indications and techniques of percutaneous nephrolithotomy: What the future holds?

Asian J Urol 2018 Oct 6;5(4):287-294. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Urology, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Ein Karem, Jerusalem, Israel.

The purpose of the review was to present the latest updates on percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) procedure in terms of indications and evolving techniques, and to identify the advantages and disadvantages of each modality. The data for this review were collected after a thorough PubMed search in core clinical journals in English language. The key words included "PCNL" and "PNL" in combination with "indications", "techniques", "review" and "miniaturized PCNL". Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Safety and efficacy of PNL vs RIRS in the management of stones located in horseshoe kidneys: A critical comparative evaluation.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2018 Sep 30;90(3):149-154. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Health Sciences University, Dr. Lütfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Istanbul.

Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of two different techniques (Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) vs Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)) in the management of stones in patients with horseshoe kidneys (HSK).

Patients And Methods: Departmental files of 88 cases with radiopaque kidney stones in horseshoe kidneys undergoing two different approaches (PNL vs RIRS) were evaluated with respect to the success and complication rates of in a retrospective manner. In addition to the factors related with the procedures (success and complication rates, additional procedures), patient and stone characteristics were all well evaluated. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Pancake kidney, a rare and often misdiagnosed malformation: a case report and radiological differential diagnosis.

J Ultrasound 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology of IRCCS, San Matteo University Hospital Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

Renal ectopia and fusion anomalies are Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and the Urinary Tract (CAKUT) that are usually incidentally detected and asymptomatic. Patients affected present a higher risk of complications like recurrent urinary tract infections or obstruction. Pancake kidney (PK) is one of the rarest types of renal anomaly with complete fusion of the superior, mild and inferior poles of both kidneys in the pelvic cavity. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Five New Cases of Primary Renal Carcinoid Tumor: Case Reports and Literature Review.

Pathol Oncol Res 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Urology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 420 Delaware St. SE MMC 394, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

Carcinoid tumors, a slow-growing NET, most commonly arise in the gastrointestinal tract (73.7%), followed by the bronchopulmonary system (25.1%), and least commonly in the genitourinary system (<1%). Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Computational biomechanical analyses demonstrate similar shell-crushing abilities in modern and ancient arthropods.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Oct 24;285(1889). Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Palaeoscience Research Centre, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia.

The biology of the American horseshoe crab, , is well documented-including its dietary habits, particularly the ability to crush shell with gnathobasic walking appendages-but virtually nothing is known about the feeding biomechanics of this iconic arthropod. is also considered the archetypal functional analogue of various extinct groups with serial gnathobasic appendages, including eurypterids, trilobites and other early arthropods, especially from the mid-Cambrian (508 Myr) Burgess Shale of Canada. Exceptionally preserved specimens of show evidence suggestive of durophagous (shell-crushing) tendencies-including thick gnathobasic spine cuticle and shelly gut contents-but the masticatory capabilities of this fossil species have yet to be compared with modern durophagous arthropods. Read More

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October 2018

One type of duplex appendix: horseshoe appendix.

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2018 12;14:1987-1992. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

General Surgery, Center for New Material and New Precision Technology of Cancer Therapy, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China,

A horseshoe appendix is a subtype of duplex appendix, in which the appendix is shaped like a circle that may lead to an internal hernia and result in intestinal necrosis. This subtype is extremely rare, with only 13 cases reported worldwide to date, and easily triggers a series of medico-legal consequences due to the neglect of another infection base of the appendix. We describe a 22-year-old man who presented with a 3-day history of fever and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Experimental Characterization of Inkjet-Printed Stretchable Circuits for Wearable Sensor Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Oct 16;18(10). Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Mechatronics Engineering/NanoLab, School of Applied Technical Sciences, German Jordanian University, Amman 11180, Jordan.

This paper introduces a cost-effective method for the fabrication of stretchable circuits on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using inkjet printing of silver nanoparticle ink. The fabrication method, presented here, allows for the development of fully stretchable and wearable sensors. Inkjet-printed sinusoidal and horseshoe patterns are experimentally characterized in terms of the effect of their geometry on stretchability, while maintaining adequate electrical conductivity. Read More

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October 2018

A Case of Renal Pelvic Cancer Complicated by Horseshoe Kidney Treated with RoboSurgeon Gasless Single-Port Retroperitoneoscopic Nephroureterectomy.

Case Rep Urol 2018 18;2018:3231480. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Japan.

A 78-year-old man who had a horseshoe kidney (HSK) visited us because of gross hematuria and suspicious urine cytology. CT and MRI revealed a right renal pelvic tumor of 28 mm in diameter. He underwent gasless single-port retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy with division of the isthmus via the right pararectal small incision using the RoboSurgeon system. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Structures of Zika virus NS2B-NS3 protease in complex with peptidomimetic inhibitors.

Antiviral Res 2018 Dec 10;160:17-24. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address:

Zika virus NS2B-NS3 protease plays an essential role in viral replication by processing the viral polyprotein into individual proteins. The viral protease is therefore considered as an ideal antiviral drug target. To facilitate the development of protease inhibitors, we report three high-resolution co-crystal structures of bZiPro with peptidomimetic inhibitors composed of a P1-P4 segment and different P1' residues. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Visualization of a Dinoflagellate-Infecting Virus HcDNAV and Its Infection Process.

Viruses 2018 10 11;10(10). Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University, Nankoku 783-8502, Kochi, Japan.

HcDNAV (a type species of Genus ) is a large double-stranded DNA virus, which lytically infects the bloom-forming marine microalga Horiguchi (Dinophyceae). In the present study, detailed observation of the HcDNAV particle and its infection process was conducted via field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and epifluorescence microscopy (EFM). Each five-fold vertex of the icosahedral virion was decorated with a protrusion, which may be related to the entry process of HcDNAV into the host. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Saving the horseshoe crab: A synthetic alternative to horseshoe crab blood for endotoxin detection.

PLoS Biol 2018 Oct 12;16(10):e2006607. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Horseshoe crabs have been integral to the safe production of vaccines and injectable medications for the past 40 years. The bleeding of live horseshoe crabs, a process that leaves thousands dead annually, is an ecologically unsustainable practice for all four species of horseshoe crab and the shorebirds that rely on their eggs as a primary food source during spring migration. Populations of both horseshoe crabs and shorebirds are in decline. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Horseshoe abscess: Hand.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:143

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
1 Read

Horseshoe sign: Sigmoid volvulus.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:85-86

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
1 Read

Liver atoll sign: Nodular regenerative hyperplasia.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:84

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
2 Reads

Horseshoe appendix: Anatomical variant.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:83

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
1 Read

Horseshoe adrenal: Anatomical variant.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:82

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018

Horseshoe abscess: Perianal and giant abdominal abscess.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:81

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018

Horseshoe lung.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:32

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018

Transplanting a horseshoe kidney: A case report and review of surgical strategies.

Urol Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;21:119-121. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Dept of Urology, Botucatu School of Medicina, Univ. Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil.

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November 2018
2 Reads

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the palate: A case report.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a very rare subtype of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Similar to other types of NHL, ALCL primarily involves the nodal areas and sometimes it can involve several extranodal sites such as skin, lung and soft tissue. Primary oral involvement of systemic ALCL is very rare. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Experimentally manipulating light spectra reveals the importance of dark corridors for commuting bats.

Glob Chang Biol 2018 12 26;24(12):5909-5918. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

The rapid global spread of artificial light at night is causing unprecedented disruption to ecosystems. In otherwise dark environments, street lights restrict the use of major flight routes by some bats, including the threatened lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros, and may disrupt foraging. Using radio tracking, we examined the response of individual female R. Read More

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December 2018

The hyoid bone: an overview.

Cranio 2018 Oct 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

a Private Practitioner , MedCenter, TMJ , Houston , TX , USA.

The hyoid bone is a small horseshoe-shaped bone located between the mandible and the shoulder girdle. It is classified as a sesamoid bone which means it is a freely floating bone. However, it is anything but freely floating. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Changing trends in the endourological management of urolithiasis in anomalous kidneys.

BJU Int 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Urology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India.

Objectives: To present our single-centre experience of urolithiasis management in anomalous kidneys, highlighting the need for an algorithm-based approach in deciding the appropriate treatment method for each type.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of all the patients who presented to our renal unit with urolithiasis in an anomalous kidney between January 1990 and July 2014. The peri-operative characteristics of all the patients, along with management approach, were studied. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

An engineered arginine-rich α-helical antimicrobial peptide exhibits broad-spectrum bactericidal activity against pathogenic bacteria and reduces bacterial infections in mice.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 2;8(1):14602. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

The increase in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has become a major public health concern. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are emerging as promising candidates addressing this issue. In this study, we designed several AMPs by increasing α-helical contents and positive charges and optimizing hydrophobicity and amphipathicity in the Sushi 1 peptide from horseshoe crabs. Read More

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October 2018

The contribution of preoperative MRI to the surgical management of anal fistulas.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2018 Nov;24(6):321-327

Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: Anal fistula is an abnormal tract or cavity between the anal canal and perianal skin. Surgical treatment of anal fistulas requires the identification of the course of the primary and secondary tracts and their relation with the sphincter musculature in order to appropriately manage them and drain any abscess. Physical examination alone is not as accurate as imaging modalities in detecting these features of the fistula, and recurrences are usually due to missed or inadequately managed infective components. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with associated horseshoe kidney.

Int Angiol 2018 Sep 24. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) with concomitant horseshoe kidney (HK) present a unique challenge at the time of repair. The aim of this article is to propose the most rationale strategy during open repair (OR) of RAAA in the presence of HK.

Material And Methods: We identified and analyzed all patients treated at the clinic due to RAAA and HK. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Limulus and heart rhythm.

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2018 Sep 24. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of General Physiology, Saint Petersburg University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Great interest in the comparative physiology of hearts and their functions in Animalia has emerged with classic papers on Limulus polyphemus and mollusks. The recurrent cardiac activity-heart rate-is the most important physiological parameter and when present the kardia (Greek) is vital to the development of entire organs of the organisms in the animal kingdom. Extensive studies devoted to the regulation of cardiac rhythm in invertebrates have revealed that the basics of heart physiology are comparable to mammals. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

The complete genomic sequence of Rhinolophus gammaherpesvirus 1 isolated from a greater horseshoe bat.

Arch Virol 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi, 753-8515, Japan.

In a comprehensive research project on bat viruses, we successfully isolated a novel herpesvirus from the spleen of a greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) in Japan using a cell line established from the kidney of the same bat. This herpesvirus was a novel gammaherpesvirus (Rhinolophus gammaherpesvirus 1; RGHV-1), which belonged to the genus Percavirus. The whole RGHV-1 genome (147,790 bp) showed that 12 of the 84 genes predicted to contain open reading frames did not show any homology to those of other herpesviruses. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Head-to-Head Comparison of Modified Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty and Robot-Assisted Pyeloplasty for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in China.

Urol Int 2018 19;101(3):337-344. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing, China.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of modified laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) and robot-assisted pyeloplasty (RLP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in China patients.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent modified LP and RLP using a transperitoneal laparoscopic approach at 2 different medical institutions between October 2009 and November 2017.

Results: Seventy-six patients underwent modified LP and 140 patients underwent RLP. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads
1.150 Impact Factor

Dedifferentiation of Retinal Pigment Epithelium in a Patient With Chronic Retinal Detachment.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2018 Sep;49(9):716-720

A 34-year-old woman presented with vision loss in her right eye, which had persisted for approximately 12 months. Funduscopy showed horseshoe retinal tear at the 8-o'clock position and retinal detachment in inferior, nasal, and temporal quadrants, with a pigmented demarcation line in the right eye. Diffuse punctate accumulations were noted on the detached retinal surface and in the vitreous. Read More

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September 2018

Molecular characterization and expression of TLR7 and TLR8 in barbel chub (Squaliobarbus curriculus): Responses to stimulation of grass carp reovirus and lipopolysaccharide.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Dec 12;83:292-307. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Hunan Engineering Technology Research Center of Featured Aquatic Resources Utilization, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan, 410128, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Efficient and Health Production of Fisheries in Hunan Province, Changde, Hunan, 415000, China. Electronic address:

The barbel chub (Squaliobarbus curriculus) is a kind of small size commercial fish species that is widely spread in Asia and has shown significant resistance to disease. In this study, the full-length cDNA sequences of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and 8 from S. curriculus, designated as ScTLR7 and ScTLR8, were cloned, and their differences in the structure and the responses to the grass carp (GCRV) infection and lipopolysaccharide stimulation were investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Muscular-stage Dissection during Far Lateral Approach and Its Transcondylar Extension.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2018 Oct 16;79(Suppl 4):S356-S361. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shioda Memorial Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

 The far lateral approach includes exposure of the C1 transverse process, vertebral artery, posterior arch of the atlas, and occipital condyle. We designed a method for systematic muscular-stage dissection and present our experience with this approach.  We used a horseshoe scalp flap that was reflected downward and medially. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The Coexistence of a Horseshoe Kidney and Meckel Diverticulum With Dramatic Mobility Revealed Through 99mTc Pertechnetate Imaging.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Nov;43(11):825-827

From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

A previously healthy 11-year-old boy with intermittent abdominal pain and bloody stool underwent Meckel scintigraphy. On the initial images, there was a faint U-shaped activity in the mid-abdominal region, which gradually faded and evolved into distinct foci of radiotracer accumulation in the later images. One of the foci changed its location during the study, suspected as moving Meckel diverticulum. Read More

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November 2018
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