932 results match your criteria Horseshoe Kidney Imaging


Currarino syndrome as an incidental radiologic finding in a patient with acute flank pain: A case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Sep 17;17(9):2936-2939. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Currarino syndrome is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease defined as a triad of anorectal abnormality, sacral dysgenesis, and a presacral mass, primarily an anterior sacral meningocele. It is often seen in children and considered rare in adults. It is mostly found as an incidental finding. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2022

Laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery for horseshoe kidney complicated with renal hemangioma: a case report and literature review.

CEN Case Rep 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, No. 1 Shuaifuyuan Wangfujing, Dongcheng, Beijing, 100730, China.

In very rare cases, horseshoe kidney can present simultaneously with renal hemangioma. Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for horseshoe kidney with tumor, but it is difficult to operate and has not been reported. We report a 71-year-old female with imaging examination revealed an unexpected horseshoe kidney malformation and a cystic mass in the right kidney before her bladder cancer surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence navigation in a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for a large renal cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Urology, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

A man in his 60s was referred to the urology department with an incidental finding of large 75 mm mass within a horseshoe kidney. CT imaging highlighted the well-known aberrant arterial anatomy seen in horseshoe kidney which often causes significant surgical challenges.After careful preoperative planning, the mass was resected successfully during a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Horseshoe Kidney in a Patient with Leriche Syndrome.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 Apr;32(4):S41-S43

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is one of the most common congenital renal fusion anomalies. Difficulties are encountered during surgery of aortic diseases associated with this anomaly. A 47-year male presented to the Outpatient Clinic with one-year history of intermittent claudication in 20 meters. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stereotactic radiotherapy for brain oligometastases.

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2022 22;27(1):15-22. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Department of Radiation Oncology, ASST Spedali Civili and Brescia University, Italy.

Brain metastases, the most common metastases in adults, will develop in up to 40% of cancer patients, accounting for more than one-half of all intracranial tumors. They are most associated with breast and lung cancer, melanoma and, less frequently, colorectal and kidney carcinoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lower pole anatomy of horseshoe kidney and complete ureteral duplication: Anatomic and radiologic study applied to endourology.

Int Braz J Urol 2022 May-Jun;48(3):561-568

Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Purpose: To analyze the 3-dimensional intrarenal anatomy of horseshoe kidneys (HK) and kidney with complete ureteral duplication (CUD), in polyester resin endocasts of the collecting system and in patients submitted to 3D computerized tomography scan (CT-scan).

Materials And Methods: We analyzed seven 3-dimensional polyester resin endocasts of the kidney collecting system obtained from 6 fresh adult cadavers (4 with unilateral CUD and 2 with horseshoe kidney) and CT-scan reconstruction images of kidneys from 24 patients: 6 patients with HK, 8 with CUD and 10 patients without renal anomalies that were used as controls. We analyzed the spatial distribution of the calices, the infundibula diameters, the angle between the lower infundibulum and the renal pelvis (LIP) and the angle between the lower infundibulum and the inferior minor calyces (LIICA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Polycystic horseshoe kidney.

Kidney Int 2022 04;101(4):835

Department of Urology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Retroperitoneal robot-assisted single-port laparoscopic treatment of the horseshoe kidney with renal cell carcinoma: Report of two cases.

Asian J Surg 2022 06 10;45(6):1267-1269. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 121 Jiangjia Yuan, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210003, China. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Laparoscopic left hemi-nephroureterectomy for a patient with suspected urothelial carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 2;2022(3):rjac025. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Urology, Galway University Hospital, Galway H91YR71, Ireland.

A 76-year-old gentleman with a background of benign prostatic hyperplasia, hiatus hernia and anxiety was referred to the rapid access haematuria service following an episode of painless visible haematuria. Flexible cystoscopy did not reveal any concerning bladder lesions. CT Urogram demonstrated a horseshoe kidney with a filling defect in the left upper pole moiety suspicious for an urothelial carcinoma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bilaterally ectopic pelvic kidneys masquerading as horseshoe kidney in Fanconi anemia.

J Nucl Med Technol 2022 Feb 23. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, India.

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disease associated with the risk of different congenital malformations, bone marrow failure, and predisposition to cancer. Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract are not infrequent in FA with renal ectopia being one of them. The incidence of the bilateral pelvic ectopic kidney is restricted to only a few reported cases; however, its association with FA has never been reported in the literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Generation of a pdmH1N1 2018 Influenza A Reporter Virus Carrying a mCherry Fluorescent Protein in the PA Segment.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 20;11:827790. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Influenza A virus (IAV) is a major human pathogen associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Through serial passage in mice, we generated a recombinant pdmH1N1 2009 IAV, A/Guangdong/GLW/2018 (GLW/18-MA), which encodes an mCherry gene fused to the C-terminal of a polymerase acidic (PA) segment and demonstrated comparable growth kinetics to the wild-type. Nine mutations were identified in the GLW/18-MA genome: PA (I61M, E351G, and G631S), NP (E292G), HA1 (T164I), HA2 (N117S and P160S), NA (W61R), and NEP (K44R). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Artificial Intelligence Algorithm-Based Computed Tomography Image of Both Kidneys in Diagnosis of Renal Dysplasia.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 27;2022:5823720. Epub 2022 Jan 27.

Department of Endocrine Nephrology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang, 421001 Hunan, China.

The objective of this study was to explore the accuracy of low-dosage computed tomography (CT) images based on the expectation maximization algorithm denoising algorithm (EM algorithm) in the detection and diagnosis of renal dysplasia, so as to provide reasonable research basis for accuracy improvement of clinical diagnosis of renal dysplasia. 120 patients with renal dysplasia in hospital were randomly selected as the research objects, and they were divided into two groups by random number method, with 60 patients in each group. The low-dosage CT images of patients in the control group were not processed (nonalgorithm group), and the low-dosage CT images of patients in the observation group were denoised using the EM algorithm (algorithm group). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of Peptide Dose on Radiation Dosimetry for Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy with Lu-DOTATOC: A Pilot Study.

Indian J Nucl Med 2021 Oct-Dec;36(4):412-421. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

ABX - CRO Advanced Pharmaceutical Services, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Optimal peptide concentration in treatment with Lu-DOTATOC/DOTATATE is a matter of debate. Most of the studies with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy mention peptide dose ranging between 100 and 250 μg. The aim of this is to identify possible differences in radiation-absorbed doses (D/Gy) to tumor and kidney as a function of the peptide mass dose in order to identify the most suitable peptide dose for treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Wilms tumor in horseshoe kidney in case of WAGR syndrome with multiple congenital anomalies: A cytologic diagnosis.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2022 Jan-Mar;65(1):230-232

Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry; Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Polycystic horseshoe kidney case report: Genetically reviewed.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021 Mar-Apr;32(2):574-578

Departmentof Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common genetic renal disease, with a reported prevalence ranging from one in 400 to one in 1000. ADPKD accounts for as high as 10% of end-stage renal disease cases. It is characterized by cystic formation replacing kidney parenchyma leading to renal enlargement and renal functional impairment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Fused Supernumerary Kidney with Single Pelvis and Ureter; Presenting with Stones: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Res Rep Urol 2021 23;13:853-857. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: A supernumerary kidney is an extremely rare congenital anomaly, defined as the presence of one or more extra kidneys. Thus far, there have been less than 100 cases reported in the medical literature. It has its capsule, vascular supply, and collecting system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Is contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) useful in the assessment of obstructive uropathy-induced perfusion disorders?

J Ultrason 2021 Nov 15;21(87):e348-e352. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Norbert Barlicki Memorial Teaching Hospital No. 1 of The Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

The study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in renal perfusion disorders caused by obstructive uropathy. We present a case of a patient with a horseshoe kidney, in which the urine outflow from the right part of the kidney was blocked due to the presence of a bladder tumour infiltrating the ureter. Perfusion disorders in both parts of the kidney, visible in computed tomography, were partially reflected in the ultrasound image. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

A Generative Adversarial Network Fused with Dual-Attention Mechanism and Its Application in Multitarget Image Fine Segmentation.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2021 18;2021:2464648. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

College of Computer Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266 590, China.

Aiming at the problem of insignificant target morphological features, inaccurate detection and unclear boundary of small-target regions, and multitarget boundary overlap in multitarget complex image segmentation, combining the image segmentation mechanism of generative adversarial network with the feature enhancement method of nonlocal attention, a generative adversarial network fused with attention mechanism (AM-GAN) is proposed. The generative network in the model is composed of residual network and nonlocal attention module, which use the feature extraction and multiscale fusion mechanism of residual network, as well as feature enhancement and global information fusion ability of nonlocal spatial-channel dual attention to enhance the target features in the detection area and improve the continuity and clarity of the segmentation boundary. The adversarial network is composed of fully convolutional networks, which penalizes the loss of information in small-target regions by judging the authenticity of prediction and label segmentation and improves the detection ability of the generative adversarial model for small targets and the accuracy of multitarget segmentation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma With Squamous, Glandular, and Sarcomatoid Variants in a Horseshoe Kidney: A Novel Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Nov 16;13(11):e19627. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

Urology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, SAU.

Horseshoe kidney is a congenital anomaly, which consists of fusion of the lower poles of the kidneys. Cancer in a horseshoe kidney is common, possibly because of the increased risk of chronic obstruction, renal calculi, and recurrent urinary infection. We report a case of a 64-year-old male with a horseshoe kidney who presented to our hospital with gross hematuria and flank pain, which was highly suggestive of pyelonephritis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Transient fetal hypertrichosis - Three cases.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2022 Feb 15;269:1-2. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

We Summarize a three cases of transient fetal hypertrichosis in low risk preganant women. Hypertrichosis has been previously associated with over 140 different syndromes (OMIM); however this finding is rarely described in prenatal ultrasound. In this study we describe the finding of hypertrichosis which resolved later in gestation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Open partial nephrectomy of a left-to-right crossed fused renal ectopia with clear cell renal cell carcinoma: Case report and review of the literature.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Mar 4;41:101964. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Urology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.

Crossed fused renal ectopia (CFRE) is a rare congenital renal abnormality. It is usually diagnosed incidentally by imaging. Herein we report a 53-year-old patient with renal cell carcinoma of CFRE. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Imaging of anthrax intoxication in mice reveals shared and individual functions of surface receptors CMG-2 and TEM-8 in cellular toxin entry.

J Biol Chem 2022 01 4;298(1):101467. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Proteases and Tissue Remodeling Section, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin and edema toxin are binary toxins that consist of a common cell-binding moiety, protective antigen (PA), and the enzymatic moieties, lethal factor (LF) and edema factor (EF). PA binds to either of two receptors, capillary morphogenesis protein-2 (CMG-2) or tumor endothelial marker-8 (TEM-8), which triggers the binding and cytoplasmic translocation of LF and EF. However, the distribution of functional TEM-8 and CMG-2 receptors during anthrax toxin intoxication in animals has not been fully elucidated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Communicating incidental and reportable findings from research MRIs: considering factors beyond the findings in an underrepresented pediatric population.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2021 12 5;21(1):275. Epub 2021 Dec 5.

Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Edson College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, 500 N. 3rd St, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA.

Background: The application of advanced imaging in pediatric research trials introduces the challenge of how to effectively handle and communicate incidental and reportable findings. This challenge is amplified in underserved populations that experience disparities in access to healthcare as recommendations for follow-up care may be difficult to coordinate. Therefore, the purpose of the present report is to describe the process for identifying and communicating findings from a research MRI to low-income Latino children and families. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Anomalous Circumrenal Inferior Vena Cava Associated With Horseshoe Kidney.

Cureus 2021 Oct 15;13(10):e18797. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Molecular Imaging, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, USA.

A 69-year-old male presented with periumbilical pain radiating across his abdomen, with associated nausea and emesis. CT imaging of his abdomen and pelvis revealed calculi in the right and left ureterovesical junctions with hydroureteronephrosis bilaterally. Furthermore, the imaging revealed that the patient had a horseshoe kidney with an associated anomalous inferior vena cava (IVC) that split superiorly to the horseshoe kidney at the L1 level and rejoined inferior to the horseshoe kidney at the L5 level. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation in a horseshoe kidney.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2021 Oct-Dec;64(4):866-867

Department of Urology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

A radiomics method based on MR FS-T2WI sequence for diagnosing of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease progression.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep;25(18):5769-5780

Department of Interventional Ultrasound, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Objective: We aimed to construct/validate a radiomics method based on MR FS-T2WI sequence for the evaluation of kidney function in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

Patients And Methods: The clinical data and MRI images of 114 patients with ADPKD were retrospectively analyzed. With a glomerular filtration rate of 60 mL/min per 1. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Kidney and urinary tract findings among patients with Kabuki (make-up) syndrome.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 12 27;36(12):4009-4012. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a genetic disorder caused mainly by de novo pathogenic variants in KMT2D or KDM6A, characterized by recognizable facial features, intellectual disability, and multi-systemic involvement, including short stature, microcephaly, hearing loss, cardiac defects, and additional congenital anomalies. While congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are known manifestations of this disorder, studies focused solely on kidney involvement are scarce, and its prevalence is most likely underestimated. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and nature of CAKUT and other renal manifestations, in a cohort of KS patients followed at a single tertiary center. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Risk of urinary tract infection in patients with hydroureter: An analysis from the Society of Fetal Urology Prenatal Hydronephrosis Registry.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Dec 21;17(6):775-781. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

CHOC Children's, Division of Pediatric Urology, Orange, CA, USA; University of California, Irvine, Department of Urology, Irvine, CA, USA.

Background: Prenatal hydronephrosis is one of the most common anomalies detected on prenatal ultrasonography. Patients with prenatal hydronephrosis and ureteral dilation are at increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) is recommended. However, current guidelines do not define the minimum ureteral diameter that would be considered a dilated ureter in these patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Advanced-stage Wilms tumor arising in a horseshoe kidney of a 9-year-old child: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Sep 15;15(1):470. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Background: Horseshoe kidney (HK) is one of the most common renal fusion abnormalities, with an incidence of 1:400 in the normal population. However, Wilms tumor (WT) arising in an HK is a rare occurrence. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with an advanced WT in an HK and also highlight the management challenges in a resource-poor setting such as ours. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Surgical Technique of Mini Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.

J Endourol 2021 Sep;35(S2):S68-S74

Department of Urology, The Mount Sinai Health System, New York, New York, USA.

The mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL) has become a versatile tool to remove kidney stones >2 cm, lower pole stones >1 cm, renal stones previously unresponsive to shockwave therapy or inaccessible by ureteroscopy (within a caliceal diverticulum), stones within complex urinary tracts (urinary diversions, transplanted kidney, and horseshoe kidneys), and large impacted proximal ureteral stones. After positioning in either the supine or prone position, a cystoscopy is performed to place an open-ended catheter, occlusion balloon, or Accordian device into the collecting system. A foley catheter is placed in the bladder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021