2,394 results match your criteria Horner Syndrome


Blepharoptosis Due to Sarcoidosis-Induced Horner Syndrome.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Akita University Graduate School of Medicine School of Medicine, 12934, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Akita, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201807-1285IMDOI Listing
February 2019

Percutaneous plasma laser disc coagulation and navigable ablation decompression in the treatment of cervical disc herniation: a single center experience

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):258-264. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: We aimed to compare the effectivity of percutaneous disc coagulation therapy (PDCT) and navigable ablation decompression treatment (L-DISQ) in patients who were diagnosed with cervical disc herniation.

Materials And Methods: Visual analog scale (VAS) and Neck Pain Index (NPI) scores were recorded initially and at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th months after the procedures. Patient Satisfaction Scale (PSS) scores were recorded 12 months after the procedures

Results: Mean VAS scores were 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1805-191DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Neuroradiological and clinical features in ophthalmoplegia.

Neuroradiology 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Institute of Neuroradiology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Purpose: Especially in acute onset of ophthalmoplegia, efficient neuroradiological evaluation is necessary to assist differential diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment options.

Methods: Different manifestations of ophthalmoplegia are explained and illustrated by characteristic neuroradiological and clinical findings.

Results: To present those ophthalmoplegic disorders in a clear manner, this review refers to different neuroanatomical structures and compartments. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00234-019-02183-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02183-3DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.485 Impact Factor

Horner's Syndrome as Initial Manifestation of Possible Brachial Plexopathy Neurolymphomatosis.

Front Neurol 2019 22;10. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, United States.

Horner's syndrome is an established clinical finding unique to neoplastic brachial plexopathy. We present the case of a patient who developed Horner's syndrome as the first manifestation of neurolymphomatosis (NL) of the brachial plexus that did not have the usually associated bulky adenopathy/Pancoast syndrome phenotype. We discuss the clinical utility of Horner's syndrome with regards to brachial plexopathy of indeterminate etiology, as well as the utility of other diagnostic modalities in NL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350275PMC
January 2019
1 Read

T1-T2 Disk Herniation Presenting With Horner Syndrome: A Case Report With Literary Review.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2018 Nov 2;2(11):e016. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Spine Surgery (Dr. Possley), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. Luczak), Department of General Surgery (Dr. Angus), and Department of Orthopaedic Spine Surgery (Dr. Montgomery), Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI.

Horner syndrome or oculosympathetic paresis is caused by interruption of the sympathetic nerve supply to the face and eye that manifests as facial anhidrosis, blepharoptosis, and miosis. This sympathetic pathway begins in the hypothalamus and synapses in the intermediolateral gray substance of the spinal cord at C8-T2 levels making it susceptible to disruption via a high thoracic intervertebral disk herniation. We present a rare case of a patient with T1-T2 intervertebral disk herniation and Horner syndrome who was treated surgically. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01979360-201811000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-18-00016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324895PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

[Advances in research of synergistic divergence].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Jan;55(1):63-67

Clinical College of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Hospital and Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Tianjin 300020, China.

Synergistic divergence is a rare condition characterized by complete absence of adduction that is associated with simultaneous abduction of the affected eye on attempted adduction. This causes the affected eye to move further into abduction on gaze to the normal side and results in extreme divergence of both eyes. It is sometimes referred to as exotropic Duane syndrome with synergistic divergence (type 4 Duane syndrome) or congenital fibrosis syndrome with synergistic divergence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Pourfour du Petit Syndrome: A Rare Association With Cluster Headache.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Jan/Feb;35(1):e15-e16

Department of Ophthalmology, Nîmes University Hospital, Nîmes Cedex 9.

Pourfour du Petit syndrome is an uncommon cause of eyelid retraction, associated with unilateral mydriasis and hemifacial hyperhidrosis. This syndrome is caused by hyperactivity of the ipsilateral oculosympathetic pathway and needs to be recognized because it has an opposite clinical presentation but the same topographic and diagnostic value as Horner syndrome. The authors report a rare case of Pourfour du Petit syndrome associated with cluster headache and discuss pathophysiological hypotheses, clinical presentation, complementary exams, pharmacologic testing, treatment options, and prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001281DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Horner Syndrome Due to Spontaneous Internal Carotid Artery Dissection.

Cureus 2018 Sep 28;10(9):e3382. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Horner syndrome is a constellation of neurological findings consisting of ipsilateral ptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis. Partial Horner syndrome, comprising ipsilateral ptosis and miosis in the absence of anhidrosis, is a well-documented but uncommon manifestation of internal carotid artery dissection. We report the case of a 42-year-old male patient who presented with ipsilateral ptosis and miosis and was subsequently diagnosed with internal carotid artery dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3382DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263518PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Birth palsy in congenital varicella syndrome: A lesson in anatomy.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):238-242

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand and Microsurgery, Ganga Medical Centre and Hospitals, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

While brachial plexus palsy sustained due to birth trauma is well known, congenital palsies are decidedly rare. We report such a case caused by congenital varicella syndrome, with associated congenital Horner's syndrome and heterochromia iridis. The surprising juxtaposition of a classic upper plexus palsy and a Horner's syndrome raises points of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_56_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219355PMC
December 2018
1 Read

[Horner's syndrome as presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis].

Medicina (B Aires) 2018 ;78(6):447-448

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Clínica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Córdoba, Argentina.

Horner's syndrome results from a blockage of the sympathetic innervation to the eye at any point along its trajectory. It presents various etiologies, and it is a very unusual form of presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis. We describe the case of a patient with a Horner syndrome secondary to involvement of the pulmonary apex due to tuberculosis. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Chikungunya infection and horner syndrome.

IDCases 2018 24;14:e00473. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Pediatrics Department, Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) - Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, Recife, PE, Brazil.

We describe an infant with Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection who developed Horner syndrome. The infant had diagnostic confirmation of CHIKV infection by IgM-ELISA positive in serum and cerebrospinal fluid, and clinical signs of Horner syndrome. Magnetic resonance angiography showed alterations in the cervical and intra cavernous portions of the internal carotid artery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22142509183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2018.e00473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275168PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Horner Syndrome After Anterior Revision Surgery for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Very Rare Complication: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):e94

Spinal Unit, Department of Orthopaedics, Centro Hospitalar do Porto-Hospital Geral de Santo António, Porto, Portugal.

Case: We report a case of postoperative left-sided Horner syndrome (blepharoptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis) after revision surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. A C4 corpectomy and an anterior cervical fusion from C3 to C5 were performed through a left longitudinal approach in a patient with a surgical history of an anterior discectomy and a fusion from C5 to C6. One year after the revision surgery, the patient had recovered from the anhidrosis and the miosis, but the blepharoptosis was not fully resolved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00066DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Isolated Horner syndrome as a rare initial presentation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a case report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2018 18;11:271-276. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand,

Background: Horner syndrome refers to a set of clinical presentations resulting from disruption of sympathetic innervation to the eye and adnexa. Classically, the clinical triad consists of ipsilateral blepharoptosis, pupillary miosis, and facial anhidrosis. Ocular sympathetic denervation may signify life-threatening causes. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/isolated-horner-syndrome-as-a-rare
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S177337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202048PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Trichoteiromania: An Atypical Case Associated with the Claude Bernard Horner Syndrome.

Skin Appendage Disord 2018 Oct 15;4(4):342-344. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219218PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Unusual case of traumatic carotid artery dissection occurred during a work-related activity. A case report.

Med Lav 2018 Oct 30;110(5):387-390. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

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Carotid artery dissection secondary to cervical blunt trauma is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition that can cause a variety of clinical presentations, including stroke, headache, neck pain, tinnitus, Horner syndrome and cranial neuropathies and is associated with long-term sequelae. We report a case of a 49-year-old industrial vehicles mechanic who was projected to the ground by the explosion of the tire of a heavy truck he was inflating. In the following hours he presented various neurological signs and symptoms and was admitted to the Emergency Department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23749/mdl.v110i5.7642DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Primary chondroma of posterior mediastinum with Horner's syndrome: a case report.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Oct 17;16(1):209. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Lung Cancer Surgery, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Lung Cancer Metastasis and Tumor Microenvironment, Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Anshan Road No.154, Heping District, Tianjin, 300052, China.

Background: Chondroma is a slowly growing, benign cartilaginous tumor which predominantly occurs in long bones of the hands and feet. Primary mediastinal chondroma is rare, especially with Horner's syndrome.

Case Presentation: We reported the case of a 31-year-old woman with a posterior mediastinum mass associated with Horner's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-018-1511-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193295PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the middle ear cavity presenting with Horner's syndrome.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019 Jan 5;101(1):e8-e10. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust , Southampton , UK.

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour of striated muscle accounting for 3% of all primary soft tissue tumours of the middle ear cavity. We describe a unique case of a rhabdomyosarcoma of the middle ear cavity in a four-year-old boy, presenting as an otherwise asymptomatic ipsilateral Horner's syndrome. This case involved tumour erosion through the tensor tympani semicanal, accessing the carotid canal and the sympathetic plexus running through it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2018.0157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303823PMC
January 2019
23 Reads

Neuro-Ophthalmology at the Bedside: A Clinical Guide.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):561-573

Orbital Center, Bürgerhospital, Frankfurt, Germany.

Neuro-ophthalmological signs and symptoms are common in the emergency department but are a frequent source of diagnostic uncertainties. However, neuro-ophthalmological signs often allow a precise neuro-topographical localization of the clinical problem. A practical concept is presented how to perform a neuro-ophthalmological examination at the bedside and to interpret key findings under the aspect of emergency medicine with limited resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_145_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126320PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Ocular Complications in PHACE Syndrome: A True Association or a Coincidence?

J Pediatr 2019 Jan 27;204:214-218.e2. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Division of Dermatology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Objective: To characterize the risk for ocular complications in patients with PHACE syndrome.

Study Design: This study included consecutive patients with PHACE syndrome who were seen at Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago from January 2000 through May 2017. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed in all patients, with extra attention for findings typically associated with PHACE syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.08.031DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Diagnosis and management of pediatric cervical vagal schwannoma.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 23;114:9-14. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Pediatric Cochlear Implant Center, Children's Hospital of Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Schwannomas arising from the vagus nerve are extremely rare in children, with only 15 cases reported in the world literature. We describe a pediatric case of cervical vagal nerve schwannoma successfully treated with cranial nerve-sparing surgery. Our patient presented extensive mass in the right side of the neck with ipsilateral Horner's syndrome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.08.021DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads
1.320 Impact Factor

Supraorbital Nerve and Cavernous Sinus Invasion with Poorly Differentiated Carcinoma of Unknown Primary.

Neuroophthalmology 2018 Oct 9;42(5):312-315. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Blanton Eye Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

A 50-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of right-sided trigeminal neuropathy in the V1 and V2 distribution, right sixth nerve palsy and Horner syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed enhancement and thickening along the right ophthalmic nerve and supraorbital nerve and fullness at the right cavernous sinus extending to Meckel's cave. Evaluation for a primary tumour was negative. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01658107.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01658107.2017.1401093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6152533PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

A Unique Case of Horner's Syndrome Following Subintimal Haematoma Within an Atherosclerotic Plaque.

Neuroophthalmology 2018 Oct 9;42(5):299-301. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Vascular Surgery Department, University Hospital of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

We describe a patient with Horner's syndrome caused by an extensive intraparietal hematoma in the wall of the internal carotid artery confused with an arterial dissection. Detection of such pathology instead of dissection or arteritis is important as the management is different. As far as the authors know, it is the first case in which a haematoma within an atherosclerotic plaque is clinically related Horner's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01658107.2017.1407945DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6152515PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Hit by the wave: a case of painful Horner's and intramural haematoma of the carotid.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 12;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Acute Medical Unit (AMU), Galway University Hospital, Galway, Ireland.

Carotid artery dissection from rupture of the vasa vasorum is under-recognised. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman presenting to our hospital with a 2-week history of right-sided headache, neck pain, unequal pupils and ptosis after being hit by a wave on the beach. She was diagnosed with painful Horner's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225660DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Ptosis in childhood: A clinical sign of several disorders: Case series reports and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12124

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Blepharoptosis (ptosis) is a common but often overlooked sign that may serve as a sign/manifestation of other conditions, ranging from a mild and purely cosmetic presentation to a severe and occasionally progressive disorder. Ptosis may show an acute onset or may manifest as a chronic disorder. Its presentation may vary: unilateral versus bilateral, progressive versus non-progressive, isolated versus complex which occurs in association with other symptoms, and congenital versus acquired (often concomitant with neuromuscular disorders). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133583PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Bilateral Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy in an Adult Patient With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.

Neurologist 2018 Sep;23(5):155-156

Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, Italy.

Introduction: Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in young and middle-aged adults, but the occurrence of multiple sCADs could suggest the presence of an underlying arteriopathy. Bilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by extracranial internal carotid artery dissections have been rarely described. We present the case of a 3-vessel sCAD in a patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0000000000000190DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Horner syndrome as a complication after thyroid microwave ablation: Case report and brief literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(34):e11884

Department of Thyroid Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University.

Rationale: Horner's syndrome (HS) can present as a complication of thyroid surgery, particularly after thyroid microwave ablation (MWA). HS presents clinically with eyelid ptosis, miosis, enophthalmos, anhidrosis, and vascular dilatation, all of which result from a damaged oculosympathetic chain. We aimed to try to avoid such devastating symptoms in future cases by exploring reasons for the destruction of the cervical sympathetic trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113049PMC
August 2018
15 Reads

"Collateral Damage:" Horner's Syndrome Following Excision of a Cervical Vagal Schwannoma.

Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):190-192

Department of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Sankara Netralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Horner's syndrome is characterized by triad of blepharoptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis on the lateral part of the face. Incidence of iatrogenic Horner syndrome resulting from neck surgeries has been reported between 10% to 18.5%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_439_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082008PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

[Painful Horner's syndrome revealing carotid artery dissection : about four cases].

Rev Med Liege 2018 Jul;73(7-8):428-432

Service d'Ophtalmologie, CHU Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgique.

We report four cases of painful Horner's syndrome due to carotid artery dissection. A lesion on oculosympathic pathway causes Horner's syndrome. A painful Horner's syndrome needs a prompt exploration by tomodensitometry or magnetic resonance imaging to exclude carotid artery dissection. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Retrospective analysis of ocular neuropathies in diabetic dogs following cataract surgery.

Vet Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 10. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

BluePearl Veterinary Partners, Tampa, FL, USA.

Objectives: To describe and compare the cumulative incidence and clinical progression of ocular neuropathies in diabetic dogs vs nondiabetic dogs following cataract surgery.

Methods: Medical records of 196 diabetic and 442 nondiabetic dogs who underwent cataract surgery between 2004 and 2015 were reviewed. The percentage of patients affected by neuropathy and potential risk factors were compared between groups. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vop.12589
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12589DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Horner Syndrome as a Rare Complication of Radiofrequency Tonsil Ablation.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Jul 26;55:e14-e15. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Horner syndrome is a rare but likely underdiagnosed complication of tonsillary surgery. The authors report the case of a 2.5-year-old boy who developed miosis and mild ptosis after radiofrequency tonsil ablation surgery. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/01913913-2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20180608-01DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Sympathetic Plexus Schwannoma of Carotid Canal: 2 Cases with Surgical Technique and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 9;118:63-68. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Carotid sympathetic plexus schwannomas are rare, and only 3 cases have been reported to the best of our knowledge. We report the fourth and fifth cases and define its origin on the basis of the exact division of the plexus from which the tumor arises. The surgical approach and technique in each variety and the postoperative outcome are also described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.244DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Right eyelid droop.

Eur J Intern Med 2019 02 10;60:e7-e8. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, University of California Davis Health, Sacramento, CA, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2018.07.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Horner syndrome in ipsilateral lenticulostriate stroke: a novel localization for a classic stroke syndrome.

Clin Auton Res 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Stroke Center and Neurology Service, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Horner's syndrome has important localizing and etiological value in acute ischemic stroke. In a prospective series of consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients, we identified three patients with Horner's syndrome and contralateral hemiparesis due to ipsilateral small deep infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory (lenticulostriate arteries). Lacunar stroke was the most likely stroke mechanism in all three patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10286-018-0544-9DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Fine margin between crossed sensory and contralateral sensory loss: A case report.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Oct 22;56:188-191. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore General Hospital Campus, Department of Neurology, Singapore. Electronic address:

The well-known sensory deficit in lateral medullary syndrome (LMS) involves crossed ipsilateral trigeminal area and contralateral spinothalamic tract area. A 45 year old man was admitted for sudden onset slurring of speech, unsteadiness and sensory complaints. The diagnosis was right lateral medullary syndrome due to right Vertebral Artery occlusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.007DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Cervical paragangliomas: experience of 114 cases in 14 years.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Yuzuncu Yil University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Van, Turkey.

Introduction And Objective: To report a single center experience with carotid body paraganglioma cases that were treated by the same surgeon in a city with high prevalence of paragangliomas due to high altitude.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated the demographic, clinicopathological and radiological data of 104 patients diagnosed with cervical paragangliomas between 2003 and 2017. The patients were classified according to the Shamblin classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.05.001DOI Listing
June 2018
23 Reads

A Retrospective Study of Horner Syndrome in Australian Wild Birds, 2010-2016.

Authors:
Andrew G Hill

J Avian Med Surg 2018 Jun;32(2):115-121

Horner syndrome was identified in 25 of 30 777 avian admissions to Currumbin Wildlife Hospital during 2010-2016. Unilateral ptosis and erection of facial feathers were distinct findings on physical examination and consistent across 9 species. Affected birds were biased toward adults (64%) suffering traumatic injuries (88%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1647/2017-256DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Images in Vascular Medicine: A case of Horner's syndrome after catheter-based fibrinolysis for pulmonary embolism.

Vasc Med 2018 10 18;23(5):489-490. Epub 2018 May 18.

3 Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358863X18769151DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Increased butyrate priming in the gut stalls microbiome associated-gastrointestinal inflammation and hepatic metabolic reprogramming in a mouse model of Gulf War Illness.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 07 9;350:64-77. Epub 2018 May 9.

Environmental Health and Disease Laboratory, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA. Electronic address:

Most of the associated pathologies in Gulf War Illness (GWI) have been ascribed to chemical and pharmaceutical exposures during the war. Since an increased number of veterans complain of gastrointestinal (GI), neuroinflammatory and metabolic complications as they age and there are limited options for a cure, the present study was focused to assess the role of butyrate, a short chain fatty acid for attenuating GWI-associated GI and metabolic complications. Results in a GWI-mouse model of permethrin and pyridostigmine bromide (PB) exposure showed that oral butyrate restored gut homeostasis and increased GPR109A receptor copies in the small intestine (SI). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0041008X183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2018.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6121708PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

The prognostic value of concurrent Horner syndrome in surgical decision making at 3 months in total-type neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2018 Jul 10;43(6):609-612. Epub 2018 May 10.

2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Rehabilitation Hospital for Children, Osaka, Japan.

We investigated the prognostic value of concurrent Horner syndrome for predicting spontaneous motor recovery in surgical decision making at 3 months with neonatal brachial plexus palsy. Medical records of 129 neonates with total-type brachial plexus palsy were reviewed, and clinical and follow-up data of patients with or without Horner syndrome were compared. Twenty-seven of 129 newborn babies with total-type palsy (21%) had concurrent Horner syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193418774265DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Changes in blood flow at the mandibular angle and Horner syndrome in a rat model of superior cervical ganglion block.

J Dent Anesth Pain Med 2018 Apr 27;18(2):105-110. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: A stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes increased blood flow in the maxillofacial region, exhibiting the potential for regenerative effects in damaged tissue. The focus of this study was to understand the efficacy of SGB for regenerative effects against nerve damage. A rat model of the superior cervical ganglion block (SCGB) was created instead of SGB, and facial blood flow, as well as sympathetic nervous system function, were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17245/jdapm.2018.18.2.105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932997PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Extra-Thoracic Supra-aortic Bypass Surgery Is Safe in Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair and Arterial Occlusive Disease Treatment.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 06 22;55(6):861-866. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

European Vascular Centre Aachen-Maastricht, Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Objective: The safety and feasibility of supra-aortic debranching as part of endovascular aortic surgery or as a treatment option for arterial occlusive disease (AOD) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of this surgery.

Methods: This single centre, retrospective study included 107 patients (mean age 69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.03.020DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

SIL1, the endoplasmic-reticulum-localized BiP co-chaperone, plays a crucial role in maintaining skeletal muscle proteostasis and physiology.

Dis Model Mech 2018 05 10;11(5). Epub 2018 May 10.

Dept of Microbiology, Immunology, and Biochemistry, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA

Mutations in , a cofactor for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized Hsp70 chaperone, BiP, cause Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS), an autosomal recessive disorder. Using a mouse model, we characterized molecular aspects of the progressive myopathy associated with MSS. Proteomic profiling of quadriceps at the onset of myopathy revealed that SIL1 deficiency affected multiple pathways critical to muscle physiology. Read More

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http://dmm.biologists.org/lookup/doi/10.1242/dmm.033043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dmm.033043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992605PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

Horner's syndrome following obstetric neuraxial blockade - a systematic review of the literature.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2018 08 17;35:75-87. Epub 2018 Mar 17.

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, St Mary's Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address:

Horner's syndrome is a rarely reported complication of neuraxial blockade. In obstetric practice, the neurological signs of Horner's syndrome may cause anxiety amongst patients and healthcare staff, but more importantly may herald the onset of maternal hypotension. Medline, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify cases of Horner's syndrome following obstetric neuraxial blockade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2018.03.005DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Conservative Management of Neuropathic Pain in a Patient With Pancoast-Tobias Syndrome: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Jul;11(2):29-31

From the Departments of Chronic Pain Medicine.

Pancoast-Tobias syndrome characterizes the signs and symptoms of a superior pulmonary sulcus tumor, and includes arm and shoulder pain, atrophy of intrinsic hand muscles, and ipsilateral Horner syndrome. The rarity and overall poor prognosis of patients with superior pulmonary sulcus tumors associated with Pancoast-Tobias syndrome has led to few reports detailing pain management strategies with adjunctive therapies, such as continuous infusions of ketamine and lidocaine, chemotherapy, radiation, and multimodal oral medication regimens. This case highlights the diagnosis and treatment of pain in a patient with Pancoast-Tobias syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000718DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Unilateral Straight Hair-A Symptom of Acquired Horner's Syndrome in a Neonate.

European J Pediatr Surg Rep 2018 Jan 6;6(1):e32-e36. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Children's Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

A multicystic tumor of the right neck was detected in a girl at 29 weeks of gestation by fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The baby was delivered by cesarean section at week 37 of gestation. The newborn adapted well, with minimal compromise of breathing and drinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1639479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889299PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Dilation lag in Horner syndrome can be measured with a diagnostic imaging system.

Neurology 2018 Mar;90(13):618

From the Neuro-Ophthalmology Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Conegliano Hospital, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000005217DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Sympathetic ganglionectomy for facial blushing using application of laser speckle flow graph.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep 13;156(3):1326-1331. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Surgery, Yamamoto-Hidehiro Clinic, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy at the second rib level is considered effective as a therapeutic treatment for facial blushing. However, 10% to 15% of patients do not benefit from this intervention. No additional procedure has been developed for this disorder. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00225223183034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.12.147DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads