2,606 results match your criteria Horner Syndrome


Suprascapular nerve block is a clinically attractive alternative to interscalene nerve block during arthroscopic shoulder surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 11;16(1):376. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedic, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, No. 168 Litang Road, Dongxiaokou Town, Changping District, Beijing, 102218, China.

Background: The interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) is a commonly used nerve block technique for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy surgery; however, it is associated with potentially serious complications. The use of suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) has been described as an alternative strategy with fewer reported side effects for shoulder arthroscopy. This review aimed to compare the impact of SSNB and ISB during shoulder arthroscopy surgery. Read More

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Comment on "High rates of antibiotic prescriptions in children with COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome: A multinational experience in 990 cases from Latin America."

Authors:

Acta Paediatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

We read the article "High rates of antibiotic prescriptions in children with COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome: A multinational experience in 990 cases from Latin America" by Yock-Corrales.A et.al. Read More

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Extreme bradycardia as presentation of an eating disorder.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cardiovascular Research Unit, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK

We present a case of extreme bradycardia in an 18-year-old man, accompanied by bilateral pleural effusions, pericardial effusion, endocrine dysregulation and Horner's syndrome. Despite extensive investigations as an inpatient and multidisciplinary input, it was not until subsequent assessment by an endocrine team that it was revealed that his presentation was attributable to an eating disorder. Following dietary advice, easing of extreme exercise and continued support, the patient improved in all parameters including body mass index and he remains well. Read More

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A case of central Horner syndrome after haemorrhagic stroke.

Med J Aust 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Barwon Health, Geelong, VIC.

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Horner Syndrome Secondary to Osteochondroma of the First Rib: A Case Report.

Cureus 2021 Apr 17;13(4):e14531. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Internal Medicine, Detroit Medical Center (DMC), Detroit, USA.

Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of bone that often produces no symptoms unless the enlarged mass affects nearby structures. Rarely, Horner syndrome can be caused by an osteochondroma. A five-year-old female with a past medical history of seizure-like activity presented to the emergency department on three separate occasions within one month. Read More

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Long-term follow-up of surgical outcomes for patients with Wilms tumor and neuroblastoma.

Cancer 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: There are minimal data on long-term surgical outcomes of patients who have undergone resection for Wilms tumor (WT) and neuroblastoma (NB).

Methods: A retrospective review of patients in a long-term survivor clinic between the years 1967 and 2016 in a pediatric tertiary care hospital (>5 years posttreatment) was performed.

Results: Eighty-six survivors of WT and 86 survivors of NB who had ongoing follow-up in the survivors' clinic were identified. Read More

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A Case of Spinal Epidural Abscess Presenting with Horner Syndrome.

Cureus 2021 Apr 18;13(4):e14541. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Emergency Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, QAT.

A spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon disease, but it is associated with significant morbidity. SEA can be promoted by multiple risk factors. Moreover, the diagnosis of SEA usually requires the presence of a classic triad of back pain, fever, and neurological deficit, hence, the difficulty in making the diagnosis if presented otherwise. Read More

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Use of flow diverter stent for treatment of a cervical carotid artery dissection and pseudoaneurysm causing Horner's syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 10;14(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tallahassee Neurological Clinic, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.

A 28-year-old man in 2004 was identified with a spontaneous pseudoaneurysm and distal left cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection. The patient was followed conservatively for 12 years with cross-sectional imaging. The patient was initially diagnosed with an acute left ICA dissection, with significant luminal narrowing. Read More

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Isolated Third Nerve Palsy as a Rare and Solo Presentation of Internal Carotid Artery Dissection in a Young Female - a Surprising Finding in the Angiogram.

Cureus 2021 Mar 22;13(3):e14035. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Internal Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Ocala, USA.

Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a known but uncommon cause of ischemic stroke among young and middle-aged patients. A common presentation includes ipsilateral headache, unilateral oculosympathetic palsy (partial Horner syndrome), or ischemic stroke but some reported cases present with less common manifestations, such as lower cranial nerve syndrome (IX, X, XI, XII). However, third cranial nerve palsy is an extremely rare presentation of ICAD. Read More

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Cerebral Microangiopathy in Two Dogs with Cutaneous and Renal Glomerular Vasculopathy.

J Comp Pathol 2021 Apr 8;184:95-100. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Hursley, Winchester, UK.

Cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (CRGV) is an emerging disease in the UK, but its aetiology remains unclear. It is considered a thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in which the kidney and skin are the most commonly affected organs. We now document two cases of CRGV with brain lesions, which may have accounted for neurological signs displayed by these animals. Read More

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Concurrent manifestations of Horner's syndrome and esophageal metastasis of breast cancer: case report of a young woman after a period of non-adherence to treatment: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 9;15(1):194. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Division of Surgical Oncology-Department of Surgery, Dr. Sardjito Hospital/Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl Kesehatan No. 1, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia.

Background: Esophageal involvement and Horner's syndrome are rare manifestations of breast cancer distant metastases that can pose a significant challenge in diagnosis and treatment. In addition to the more aggressive behavior of breast cancer diagnosed in young women, non-adherence to treatment is associated with increased risk of distant metastasis.

Case Presentation: A 36-year-old Javanese woman presented to our institution with dysphagia, hoarseness, and frequent hiccups. Read More

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Comparison of 3 techniques of surgical treatment of carotid body tumors.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2021 Jun 12;131(6):643-649. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University.

Objective: Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are benign but challenging. This study compared outcomes of 3 techniques of the surgical treatment of CBTs.

Study Design: This retrospective observational study was conducted from April 2013 to March 2019. Read More

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[Unilateral ptosis in children].

Rev Prat 2020 Nov;70(9):993-996

Service d'ophtalmologie, Hopital Necker Enfants malades, APHP, Université de Paris, INSERM UMRS1138 team 17 Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite, Centre de Références des Maladies Rares en Ophtalmologie OPHTARA.

Unilateral ptosis in children. Childhood ptosis is a common condition, mostly congenital, and of varying severity. It is characterized by a lowering of the upper eyelid. Read More

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November 2020

[Internal carotid artery dissection in the neurologist's practice - a case study].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2021 Feb;49(289):19-22

Military Institute of Medicin in Warsaw, Poland: Department of Neurology.

Dissection of the interior carotid artery is rare in the general population. It can however be a potentially life-threatening condition. In the group of patients below 45 years of age, it constitutes a fairly common cause of cerebral stroke. Read More

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February 2021

Long-Term Efficacy of T3 Versus T3+T4 Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy for Concurrent Palmar and Plantar Hyperhidrosis.

J Surg Res 2021 Jul 7;263:224-229. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital & Shenzhen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: More than 50% of patients with palmar hyperhidrosis (PAH) also have plantar hyperhidrosis (PLH). We compared the long-term results of T3 sympathectomy with those of combined T3+T4 sympathectomy among patients with concurrent PAH and PLH.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of patients with concurrent PAH and PLH who underwent T3 alone or T3+T4 sympathectomy from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2017. Read More

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Horner syndrome with transient visual impairment.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Dec 31;9(12):6273-6275. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

A 57-year-old female presented with headache, miosis, and ptosis diagnosed as Horner syndrome (HS). After delaying the recommended diagnostic imaging, she experienced transient, unilateral visual impairment in bright light. The patient was subsequently determined to have a spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) and secondary retinal ischemia with minimal cardiovascular risk factors and no history of preceding trauma. Read More

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December 2020

Mature mediastinal teratoma with somatic type malignancy including neuroblastoma and intestinal type of adenocarcinoma: A Case Report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 26;80:105680. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

Introduction And Importance: The majority of mediastinal tumours develop asymptomatically and are often detected incidentally on a chest X-ray performed for another reason. Mediastinal tumours, although mostly asymptomatic, may cause non-specific symptoms associated with advanced tumour growth.

Case Presentation: We present a case of a 30-year-old woman who presented with exhaustion and lower back pain accompanied by severe headaches with symptoms of visual disturbances, followed by the typical Horner syndrome. Read More

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Radiological evaluation of the localization of sympathetic ganglia in the cervical region.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Radiology, Koç University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To determine local variations of cervical sympathetic ganglia (CSG) according to vertebral levels on preoperative neck magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by designating carotid artery (CA) as the standard landmark at the center, in attempts to prevent injury to CSG in the anterior-anterolateral approaches performed in the cervical spinal region.

Materials And Methods: The retrospective study reviewed neck MRI images of 281 patients, of which the images of 231 patients were excluded from the study based on the exclusion criteria. As a result, the MRI images of the remaining 50 patients were included in the study. Read More

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Body Lateropulsion in Stroke: Case Report and Systematic Review of Stroke Topography and Outcome.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 May 27;30(5):105680. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Departments of Neurology and Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA; Jaffe Stroke Center, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11219, USA; Department of Neurology, King's County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Body lateropulsion (BLP) is seen in neurological lesions involving the pathways responsible for body position and verticality. We report a case of isolated body lateropulsion (iBLP) as the presentation of lateral medullary infarction and conducted a systematic literature review.

Methods: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched up to December 3, 2020. Read More

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Isolated Horner Syndrome as the Only Manifestation of a Large Intrathoracic Schwannoma.

Can J Neurol Sci 2021 Feb 26:1-2. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Surgery, Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

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February 2021

Paravertebral anaesthesia with or without sedation versus general anaesthesia for women undergoing breast cancer surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Feb 25;2:CD012968. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women. Surgical removal of the cancer is the mainstay of treatment; however, tumour handling during surgery can cause microscopic dissemination of tumour cells and disease recurrence. The body's hormonal response to surgery (stress response) and general anaesthesia may suppress immunity, promoting tumour dissemination. Read More

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February 2021

Impaired instrumental learning in Spred1 mice, a model for a rare RASopathy.

Genes Brain Behav 2021 Jun 4;20(5):e12727. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Human Genetics, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

RASopathies are neuro-cardio-facio-cutaneous disorders stemming from mutations in genes regulating the RAS-MAPK pathway. Legius syndrome is a rare RASopathy disorder caused by mutations in the SPRED1 gene. SPRED1 protein negatively regulates activation of Ras by inhibiting RAS/RAF and by its interaction with neurofibromin, a Ras GTPase-activating protein (RAS-GAP). Read More

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Neuroimaging in Children with Ophthalmological Complaints: A Review.

J Neuroimaging 2021 05 22;31(3):446-458. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Radiology, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Pediatric patients are commonly referred to imaging following abnormal ophthalmological examinations. Common indications include papilledema, altered vision, strabismus, nystagmus, anisocoria, proptosis, coloboma, and leukocoria. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and orbits (with or without contrast material administration) is typically the imaging modality of choice. Read More

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Improving Exposure Using Thoracoscopy for Apical Thoracic Neuroblastoma Encasing the Subclavian Vessels.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 May 16;31(5):589-593. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Surgery, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, USA.

Posterolateral thoracotomy provides limited access to the thoracic apex that can result in poor visualization of subclavian vessels, their branches, and the brachial plexus. A thoracoscopic approach may overcome these limitations. We report a thoracoscopic approach and associated technical challenges in resecting apical thoracic neuroblastoma encasing the subclavian artery. Read More

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Development of alternating, ipsilateral Horner syndrome and Pourfour du Petit syndrome associated with oesophagostomy tube placement in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116920984379. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Perth Animal Eye Hospital, Perth, WA, Australia.

Case Summary: A 12-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was presented to a referral hospital for chronic intermittent hyporexia and weight loss. An abdominal ultrasound was performed, which revealed a mid-jejunal mass and mesenteric lymphadenomegaly. Surgical resection and placement of an oesophagostomy tube (O-tube) was performed. Read More

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January 2021

Horner's syndrome secondary to internal carotid artery occlusion.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Internal Medicine Services, Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Horner's syndrome results from interruption of the sympathetic innervation to the eye. This interruption may occur at three anatomical levels along the sympathetic trunk pathway. There are numerous causes of Horner's syndrome, including injury to the carotid artery, of which arterial dissection is the commonest pathology. Read More

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February 2021

Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysms Using Flow-Diversion Embolization: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 03;20(4):E284-E285

Department of Neurosurgery, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Initially developed for large and giant wide-necked aneurysms of the internal carotid artery, flow diverter devices are now used in almost every location safely and with effectiveness.1-5 This video demonstrates a unique case of a giant aneurysm of the right petrous internal carotid artery in a 20-yr-old patient. This is an extremely rare location, and most of patients are asymptomatic. Read More

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Harlequin syndrome in a pediatric population: a case series.

Acta Neurol Belg 2021 Jun 30;121(3):625-631. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Neurology/Pediatric Neurology, AZ Sint-Jan Hospital, Bruges, Belgium.

Harlequin syndrome is a rare condition, presenting with unilateral facial flushing and hyperhidrosis in response to physical exercise, heat or emotional stressors and has scarcely been reported in pediatric patients. It is caused by a dysfunction of vasomotor and sudomotor sympathetic fiber activity inhibiting the ability to flush on the affected side, causing the neurologically intact side to appear red. We present three pediatric cases of this uncommon syndrome, each of them of different origin and displaying distinct associated (neurological) symptoms, and review medical literature. Read More

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Selective cranial multineuritis in severe COVID-19 pneumonia: two cases and literature review.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 30;42(5):1643-1648. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Clinic, Intraoperatory and Critical Care Neurophysiology Service, Department of Neurology, Ospedale dell'Angelo, via Paccagnella 11, 30174 Mestre, Venice, Italy.

Objective: To report two cases of cranial multineuritis after severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by coronavirus-2.

Methods: Patients' data were obtained from medical records of the clinical chart of dell'Angelo Hospital, Venice, Italy.

Results: The first patient is a 42-year-old male patient who developed, 10 days after the resolution of coronavirus-2 pneumonia and intensive care unit hospitalization with hyperactive delirium, a cranial multineuritis with asymmetric distribution (bilateral hypoglossus involvement and right Claude Bernard Horner syndrome). Read More

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Neurological complications of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients: The registry of a neurology department in the first wave of the pandemic.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jan 21. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Neurology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To describe the spectrum of neurological complications observed in a hospital-based cohort of COVID-19 patients who required a neurological assessment.

Methods: We conducted an observational, monocentric, prospective study of patients with a COVID-19 diagnosis hospitalized during the 3-month period of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary hospital in Madrid (Spain). We describe the neurological diagnoses that arose after the onset of COVID-19 symptoms. Read More

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January 2021