2,518 results match your criteria Horner Syndrome


Incidental intrathorcic schwannoma post upper respiratory tract infection associated with Horner's syndrome: A case report.

Respir Med Case Rep 2020 10;30:101126. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Guthrie Robert Packer Hospital, USA.

Background: Schwannomas may remain asymptomatic, and may be discovered incidentally.

Case Presentation: Here we describe a case of a young female complaining of upper respiratory tract symptoms who was incidentally found to have an intrathoracic neurogenic tumor consistent with schwannoma associated with Horner's syndrome. Biopsy of the tumor revealed S100, BCL-2 and CD 99+ compatible with schwannoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2020.101126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303989PMC

Ultrasonographic needle tip tracking for in-plane infraclavicular brachialis plexus blocks: a randomized controlled volunteer study.

Reg Anesth Pain Med 2020 Jun 14. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Department of Research and Development, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Onvision is a new technology for needle tip detection and tracking in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. The system consists of a piezoelectric sensor close to the needle tip and an electronic console integrated in the ultrasound system. The needle tip is visualized by a green circle on the ultrasound screen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/rapm-2020-101349DOI Listing

Neuroanatomical basis of Wallenberg syndrome.

Cir Cir 2020 ;88(3):376-382

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ciudad de México, México.

Wallenberg syndrome, or lateral medullar syndrome, is the clinical presentation of the infarct in the territory of posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Its signs and symptoms include vertigo, nystagmus, diplopia, ipsilateral Horner syndrome, facial ruddiness and dry skin, dysphonia, dysphagia, dysarthria, ipsilateral loss of gag reflex, ipsilateral ataxia, ipsilateral impaired taste, ipsilateral facial pain and paresthesia, decreased ipsilateral blink reflex, contralateral hypoalgesia and thermoanaesthesia in the trunk and limbs; and ipsilateral facial hypoalgesia and thermoanaesthesia. Neuroanatomical knowledge is essential to its comprehension, study and diagnosis, because the classic neurological manifestations are easy to explain and understand if function and localization of affected anatomical structures are known as if the posterior cerebral circulation is. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/CIRU.19000801DOI Listing
January 2020

The risk of a serious etiology in pediatric Horner syndrome: indications for a workup and which investigations to perform.

J AAPOS 2020 Jun 6. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report the risk of a serious etiology in a cohort of children with Horner syndrome without a known cause at presentation.

Methods: The medical records of children (<18 years of age) with Horner syndrome of unknown etiology who underwent a workup at a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital over a 20-year period were reviewed retrospectively.

Results: A total of 48 patients with Horner syndrome were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.02.012DOI Listing

Ultrasound image guided lateral cervical approach to stellate ganglion block for cervical headache.

Neurosci Lett 2020 Jun 6;735:135139. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Ultrasound Department of Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, Shandong, 261000, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore the feasibility and safety of real-time ultrasound-guided transcervical lateral stellate ganglion block.

Methods: From September 2017 to December 2018, 80 cases of cervical headache were diagnosed by high-frequency ultrasound on the lateral cervical region, and evaluated at the level of the transverse process of cervical vertebrae 6 and 7. Risk factors for the ganglia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2020.135139DOI Listing

Cordotomy for Intractable Cancer Pain: A Narrative Review.

Pain Physician 2020 06;23(3):283-292

University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Background: Cordotomy is an invasive procedure for the management of intractable pain not controlled by conventional therapies, such as analgesics or nerve block. This procedure involves mechanical disruption of nociceptive pathways in the anterolateral column, specifically the spinothalamic and spinoreticular pathways to relieve pain while preserving fine touch and proprioceptive tracts.

Objectives: The purpose of this review article is to refresh our knowledge of cordotomy and support its continued use in managing intractable pain due to malignant disease. Read More

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Shotgun Transcriptome and Isothermal Profiling of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Reveals Unique Host Responses, Viral Diversification, and Drug Interactions.

bioRxiv 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medicine, NY, USA.

The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused thousands of deaths worldwide, including >18,000 in New York City (NYC) alone. The sudden emergence of this pandemic has highlighted a pressing clinical need for rapid, scalable diagnostics that can detect infection, interrogate strain evolution, and identify novel patient biomarkers. To address these challenges, we designed a fast (30-minute) colorimetric test (LAMP) for SARS-CoV-2 infection from naso/oropharyngeal swabs, plus a large-scale shotgun metatranscriptomics platform (total-RNA-seq) for host, bacterial, and viral profiling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.20.048066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255793PMC

Safety and Blood-Flow Outcomes for Hybrid Recanalization in Symptomatic Refractory Long-Segmental Vertebral Artery Occlusion-Results of a Pilot Study.

Front Neurol 2020 12;11:387. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Hybrid recanalization for vertebral artery (VA) long-segmental occlusion using a combination of ostial vertebral endarterectomy and distal endovascular stenting has achieved technical success. The safety and efficacy of the hybrid technique should be further evaluated. We examined a cohort of refractory patients with long-segmental occlusion in the VA and low flow in the basilar artery (BA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235288PMC

Tocilizumab, but not dexamethasone, prevents CRS without affecting antitumor activity of bispecific antibodies.

J Immunother Cancer 2020 May;8(1)

Department of Immunology, University of Tübingen Interfaculty Institute of Cell Biology, Tubingen, Germany

Bispecific antibodies (bsAb) and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells allow for antibody guided recruitment of T cells against tumors. Both are successfully used for treatment of CD19 expressing leukemias, but may cause cytokine release syndrome (CRS) as a major dose-limiting side effect. For CRS prevention, steroids are recommended prior to bsAb treatment, despite their well-known lymphotoxic activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jitc-2020-000621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7264835PMC

Clinical signs, MRI findings and outcome in dogs with peripheral vestibular disease: a retrospective study.

BMC Vet Res 2020 May 25;16(1):159. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Science, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, CH64 7TE, UK.

Background: Vestibular dysfunction is relatively common in dogs, with a prevalence of 0.08% reported in primary veterinary care in the UK. There are several studies investigating how to differentiate between peripheral and central vestibular disease but only limited information regarding the possible underlying causes for peripheral vestibular dysfunction in dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02366-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249679PMC

Surgical Treatment of Vertebral Artery Stenosis: An Overlooked Surgery with Low Morbidity.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Health Science University, Bağcılar Research and Training Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Vertebral artery (VA) stenosis as a cause of ischemic events and its surgical treatment is an overlooked subject. After reporting our initial results, the results of VA stenosis operations and the follow-up studies are analyzed.

Material And Methods: This retrospective, single-center study includes 43 symptomatic proximal VA stenosis patients between September 2012 and March 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.04.070DOI Listing

Venous thromboembolism in adults: summary of updated NICE guidance on diagnosis, management, and thrombophilia testing.

BMJ 2020 May 19;369:m1565. Epub 2020 May 19.

Division of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1565DOI Listing

Horner syndrome and malignancy.

Authors:

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 May;56(5):824-825

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14874DOI Listing

A novel case and review of paediatric Horner syndrome.

Eye (Lond) 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Birmingham Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Ln, Birmingham, B4 6NH, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0718-2DOI Listing

Anesthetic and Analgesic Efficient of Regional Nerve Blockade in Otoplasty.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Yeni Yüzyil University, Health Occupation High-School Audiometry.

Aim: The prominent ear is the most common congenital deformity of the external ear. Otoplasty is performed to correct the appearance of the prominent ear. This study was planned to compare the analgesic and anesthetic effects of local nerve blockade and local infiltration anesthesia in the otoplasties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006501DOI Listing

Horner Syndrome Due To Internal Carotid Artery Dissection With Normal Vascular Imaging: A Radiological Conundrum.

J Neuroophthalmol 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Departments of Ophthalmology (SAM, KYW, MBH, JJC, MTB) and Radiology (LJE), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota; Department of Psychiatry (JAVL), St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Wabasha, Minnesota; and Department of Neurology (JJC, MTB), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000981DOI Listing

Horner Syndrome induced by toxoplasmosis infection in a patient with AIDS and disseminated herpes simplex virus.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Jun 8;18:100679. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Legacy Emanuel Medical Center, 2801, N Gantenbein Ave, Portland, OR, USA.

Purpose: This case report describes a case of Horner syndrome resulting from central nervous system (CNS) toxoplasmosis in an immunocompromised patient. Horner Syndrome is a neurological condition characterized by unilateral miosis, ptosis with apparent enophthalmos, and anhidrosis due to inhibition of the sympathetic pathway. The ocular sympathetic pathway runs from the posterolateral hypothalamus to the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2020.100679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183101PMC

Cardiac sympathetic denervation in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy and refractory ventricular arrhythmias: a single-center experience.

Clin Res Cardiol 2020 Apr 23. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, University Heart Center Lübeck, Medical Clinic II, Lübeck, Germany.

Introduction: Cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD) is an effective therapy for selected patients with drug refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Data about the role of CSD in patients with structural heart disease and VAs are sparse. We herein present our experience of CSD in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy and VAs despite prior ablation procedure and/or antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00392-020-01643-8DOI Listing

The Cauda Scale - Validation for Clinical Practice.

Br J Neurosurg 2020 Apr 20:1-4. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Spinal Surgery, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Stott Lane, UK.

The purpose of this study was to validate the cauda scale (TCS) in an external population. TCS was proposed as a tool to be used to predict the likelihood of cauda equina compression. We analysed the presenting condition of consecutive patients attending the emergency department undergoing a magnetic resonance scan with a clinical suspicion of cauda equina syndrome (CES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2020.1754337DOI Listing

Complications of anterior cervical spine surgery: a systematic review of the literature.

J Spine Surg 2020 Mar;6(1):302-322

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The anterior approach to the cervical spine is commonly utilized for a variety of degenerative, traumatic, neoplastic, and infectious indications. While many potential complications overlap with those of the posterior approach, the distinct anatomy of the anterior neck also presents a unique set of hazards. We performed a systematic review of the literature to assess the etiology, presentation, natural history, and management of these complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jss.2020.01.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154369PMC

Drug repositioning is an alternative for the treatment of coronavirus COVID-19.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2020 Jun 9;55(6):105969. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Programa de Pós-graduacão em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil. Electronic address:

Given the extreme importance of the current pandemic caused by COVID-19, and as scientists agree there is no identified pharmacological treatment, where possible, therapeutic alternatives are raised through drug repositioning. This paper presents a selection of studies involving drugs from different pharmaceutical classes with activity against SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV, with the potential for use in the treatment of COVID-19 disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105969DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194941PMC

Isolated pituitary fossa metastasis from a primary tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma: case report.

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Apr 1;134(4):369-371. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Objective: This paper presents a case of an isolated pituitary fossa metastasis on a background of a previously treated tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma.

Case Report: A 64-year-old male, diagnosed with a primary p16-negative squamous cell carcinoma in the right tonsil, was treated with a course of chemoradiotherapy with curative intent. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography, performed at six months post-treatment, revealed a good local response and no distant metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120000602DOI Listing

The pioneer ophthalmologist Johann Friedrich Horner (1831-1886) and the clinical anatomy of the homonymous syndrome.

Acta Chir Belg 2020 Apr 2:1-3. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Johann Friedrich Horner is remembered in ophthalmology due to his brief report in the German scientific journal 'Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde', in which emphasized the clinical value of a cluster of external signs of damage to the cervical sympathetic nerve. Although J .F . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00015458.2020.1746528DOI Listing

Comorbid SUNCT Syndrome and Opalski Syndrome Caused by Dorsolateral Medullary Infarction.

Front Neurol 2020 11;11:52. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Neurology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, China.

Opalski syndrome is a rare variation of lateral medullary syndrome (LMS) accompanied by ipsilateral hemiparesis. Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headaches with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) is a rare headache syndrome which belongs to the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. SUNCT syndrome has been previously described in association with LMS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7026384PMC
February 2020

Neuro-Ophthalmic Injuries With Systemic Neurologic Injury or Traumatic Brain Injury in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

J Neuroophthalmol 2020 Feb 27. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Baumholder Army Health Clinic (AFJ), Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Landstuhl, Germany; Department of Ophthalmology (GAJ), Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas; Department of Surgery (GAJ, MHC), Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Research Programs (DIB), Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; School of Medicine (CJE), Uniformed Services University of the Health Science, Bethesda, Maryland; Warfighter Refractive Eye Surgery Program and Research Center (DSR), Fort Belvoir, Virginia; Retina Group of Washington DC (EDW), Greenbelt, Maryland; and Department of Ophthalmology (MHC), Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.

Background: To analyze the final visual acuity (VA) of neuro-ophthalmologic injuries (NOI) in combat ocular trauma and to study the association of NOI with systemic neurologic injury (SNI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: The Walter Reed Ocular Trauma Database was reviewed. Inclusion criteria were any US service member and Department of Defense civilians who suffered NOI, SNI, or TBI in Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000913DOI Listing
February 2020

Investigation of Pupillary Changes After Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Stent Placement Using Automated Pupillometry.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 May 25;29(5):104693. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Neurological Surgery and Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address:

Introduction: Horner's syndrome has been reported after carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CS). This study evaluates pupillary changes after these procedures using automated pupillometry.

Methods: Retrospective analysis from a prospective database of pupillometry readings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.104693DOI Listing

Horner syndrome secondary to Hodgkin lymphoma.

CMAJ 2020 Feb;192(8):E187

Division of Neurology (A. Micieli, J. Micieli), Department of Medicine, University of Toronto; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics (Ghorab), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences (J. Micieli), University of Toronto; Kensington Vision and Research Centre (J. Micieli), Toronto, Ont.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.190910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7043825PMC
February 2020

Delayed Horner Syndrome and Accessory Nerve Weakness After Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Surgery.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 Feb 19:145561320907714. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Zagreb School of Medicine, University Hospital Centre "Sestre milosrdnice," Zagreb, Croatia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320907714DOI Listing
February 2020

Schizophrenia-related microdeletion causes defective ciliary motility and brain ventricle enlargement via microRNA-dependent mechanisms in mice.

Nat Commun 2020 02 14;11(1):912. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA.

Progressive ventricular enlargement, a key feature of several neurologic and psychiatric diseases, is mediated by unknown mechanisms. Here, using murine models of 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS), which is associated with schizophrenia in humans, we found progressive enlargement of lateral and third ventricles and deceleration of ciliary beating on ependymal cells lining the ventricular walls. The cilia-beating deficit observed in brain slices and in vivo is caused by elevated levels of dopamine receptors (Drd1), which are expressed in motile cilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14628-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021727PMC
February 2020
10.742 Impact Factor

Diagnostic accuracy of the Troponin-only Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (T-MACS) decision aid with a point-of-care cardiac troponin assay.

Emerg Med J 2020 Apr 11;37(4):223-228. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Objective: Point-of-care (POC) cardiac troponin (cTn) assays have a rapid turnaround time but are generally less sensitive than laboratory-based assays. Previous research found that the Abbott i-Stat cardiac troponin I (cTnI) assay has good diagnostic accuracy when used with the Troponin-only Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (T-MACS) decision aid and serial sampling over 3 hours. Accuracy of other assays may differ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2019-208882DOI Listing

Localizing Thalamomesencephalic Afferent and Efferent Pupillary Defects.

J Neuroophthalmol 2020 Jan 29. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (AS, LJL, AGL), University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (RRS, AGL), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (ATK, BAAO, AGL), Blanton Eye Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas; Departments of Ophthalmology (AGL), Neurology, and Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York; Section of Ophthalmology (AGL), University of Texas Maryland Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; and Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa.

A 42-year-old Algerian man presented for binocular oblique diplopia, hypersomnolence with drop attacks, bilateral hearing loss, and thoracic pain. He had a right thalamomesencephalic hemorrhage due to an underlying cavernous malformation treated with subtotal surgical resection. On neuro-ophthalmic examination, the patient had a left relative afferent pupillary defect and a right oculosympathetic efferent pupillary defect (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000903DOI Listing
January 2020
1.807 Impact Factor

Incidence and Prognostic Role of the Ocular Manifestations of Neuroblastoma in Children.

Am J Ophthalmol 2020 05 11;213:145-152. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To describe the ocular manifestations of neuroblastoma in a large cohort of children.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: The medical records of patients diagnosed with neuroblastoma between 1989 and 2017 at a tertiary care pediatric hospital were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.01.023DOI Listing

Recurrent Horner's syndrome following epidural analgesia for labor: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jan;99(5):e18862

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, CH Lens, Lens, France.

Introduction: Horner's syndrome is an unusual side effect of epidural analgesia. We report an unusual symptom after epineural axis analgesia for labor, which happened three times in the same patient. Horner's syndrome occurrence following epidural catheterization should lead the anesthetic team to search for a subdural position of the catheter because of its potentially threatening complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7004573PMC
January 2020

Sympathectomy via a posterior approach after a failed trans-thoracic approach: a case of its use for arrhythmia.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2020 Jan 10:1-6. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

3Department of Neurological Surgery and.

Objective: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) provides an opportunity for neurosurgical intervention. Medication and implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD)-refractory patients often require left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) via anterior video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, this approach has major pulmonary contraindications and risks, with a common concern in children being their inability to tolerate single-lung ventilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2019.11.PEDS19424DOI Listing
January 2020

A Rare Catheter Complication in a Patient With Neuroblastoma: Horner's Syndrome.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Mar/Apr;36(2):e43-e44

Department of Pediatrics, Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Neuroblastoma is the most common type of extracranial solid tumor during childhood. Clinical presentation includes ipsilateral ptosis, myosis, anhydrosis and enophthalmos. The case of a 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001545DOI Listing
December 2019

Postoperative Horner Syndrome After Lung Transplantation.

J Neuroophthalmol 2019 Dec 16. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Baylor College of Medicine (JAG, AGL), Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (AV, HAB, AGL), Blanton Eye Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas; Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Transplant Medicine (TSK), Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (HAB, AGL), University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), Texas A and M College of Medicine, Bryan, Texas; Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery (HAB, AGL), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York; and Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa.

Background: Horner syndrome arises from a disruption along the oculosympathetic efferent chain and can be caused by a variety of pathological and iatrogenic etiologies. We present 3 cases of postoperative Horner syndrome after bilateral lung transplantation.

Methods: The electronic health records of 3 patients with iatrogenic Horner syndrome after lung transplantation were examined, including notes from each patient's medical history, operative and postoperative records, and ophthalmology consultation results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000848DOI Listing
December 2019

Horner Syndrome in Birds of Prey.

J Avian Med Surg 2019 Dec;33(4):381-387

Département de Sciences Cliniques, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Horner syndrome, which results from oculosympathetic denervation, has rarely been reported in birds. A retrospective study was conducted in a raptor rehabilitation program to gain further insight into Horner syndrome in birds. Data from 5128 live raptors admitted over 20 years were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1647/2018-383DOI Listing
December 2019
5 Reads

Complications encountered in the treatment of primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism with microwave ablation - a retrospective study.

Int J Hyperthermia 2019 ;36(1):1264-1271

Department of Interventional Ultrasound, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

To evaluate the complications encountered during microwave ablation (MWA) for primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). The retrospective study enrolled 213 secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and 51 primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients who received MWA between July 2015 and September 2018. The major and minor treatment-related complications were documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02656736.2019.1699965DOI Listing

Horner's syndrome following single lung transplantation.

J Card Surg 2020 Jan 28;35(1):258-259. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Surgery, Miami Transplant Institute, University of Miami, Miami, Florida.

Lung transplantation have significantly improved quality of life in patients with end stage respiratory failure, however use of lifelong immunosuppressive therapy and development of bronchiolitis obliterans reflects in a 5-year survival is less the 60%. Ophthalmic complications following lung transplantation are uncommon. Some cases of infectious and malignant ophthalmic complications have been described previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14328DOI Listing
January 2020

Dorsolateral pontine syndrome and contralateral fourth nerve palsy in a post-stroke patient.

Clin Exp Optom 2019 Nov 26. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Advanced Care Ocular Disease Service, Southern College of Optometry, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.13017DOI Listing
November 2019

Atypical presentation of extraspinal neurofibroma presenting with acute-onset monoparesis and Horner's syndrome: Case report and review of literature.

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Jul-Sep;10(3):188-191

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

The clinical presentation of spinal or extraspinal neurofibroma is radiculopathy or myelopathy, pain, and motor weakness. Extraspinal neurofibroma presenting with acute-onset monoparesis and Horner's syndrome is very rare. We report the case of a 55-year-old female who presented with acute-onset monoparesis of the left upper limb along with left-side drooping of the eyelid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_86_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6868537PMC
November 2019

Ectopic thymus as a cause of Horner's syndrome.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Jan 8;15(1):23-25. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.

Ectopy of the thymus is a rare anomaly arising during fetal development, where the thymus does not make a complete decent into the thoracic cavity where it should involute in adolescence. The most common complications of an ectopic thymus include tracheal or esophageal compression presenting in childhood. This is a report of a single case of ectopic cervical thymus identified in a 2-month-old infant presenting with Horner's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2019.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6849423PMC
January 2020

Harlequin sign in Pancoast tumor.

Curr Probl Cancer 2020 Apr 1;44(2):100506. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.currproblcancer.2019.100506DOI Listing

Internal Carotid Artery Dissection Presenting With Dysgeusia, Horner Syndrome, and Hypesthesia of the Fifth Cranial Nerve: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Nov 8. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Department of Neurology, Franciscus Gasthuis & Vlietland, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a significant cause of ischemic stroke. Early recognition and treatment of CAD is important to prevent accompanying cerebral ischemia. This case report presents an atypical clinical presentation of CAD and emphasizes the diagnostic challenge for emergency physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.09.035DOI Listing
November 2019

Multiple organ dysfunction after trauma.

Br J Surg 2020 Mar 6;107(4):402-412. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Centre for Trauma Sciences, Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, 4 Newark Street, London, E1 2AT, UK.

Background: The nature of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after traumatic injury is evolving as resuscitation practices advance and more patients survive their injuries to reach critical care. The aim of this study was to characterize contemporary MODS subtypes in trauma critical care at a population level.

Methods: Adult patients admitted to major trauma centre critical care units were enrolled in this 4-week point-prevalence study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7078999PMC

Vertebral arteries bilaterally passing through stellate (cervicothoracic) ganglion.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Nov 5. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, 751019 Bhubaneswar, India.

Vertebral artery is a branch of 1st part of subclavian artery. Vertebral artery arising from the aortic arch most commonly presents on the left side. The cervical part of sympathetic trunk is closely related to the vertebral artery in the cervical region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0115DOI Listing
November 2019

Treatment of Ptosis Using Brimonidine Tartrate for Anterior Laminectomy-Induced Horner Syndrome.

J Neuroophthalmol 2020 Mar;40(1):95-96

Department of Ophthalmology, Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000826DOI Listing
March 2020
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