1,385,206 results match your criteria Hormones and Behavior[Journal]
J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 20;232:311-319. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Biology and Physiology of Organisms, BP 32, 16111, El Alia, Algeria.
Fenugreek is a legume cultivated for its medicinal value, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, where soil salinity is an increasing problem. In fact, salinity is one of the major environmental factors limiting plant growth and productivity. Plant hormones are known to play vital roles in the ability of the plants to acclimatize to varying environments by mediating growth, development, and nutrient allocation. Read More
Res Vet Sci 2018 Nov 30;122:193-199. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Animal Wealth Development, Zagazig University, Sharkia, Egypt. Electronic address:
The aim was to elucidate the effects of strain and the duration of thermal stress (36 °C) on the carcass yield, metabolic hormones, immunological parameters and the relative expression of liver heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) and Myogenin genes. Two hundred and seventy day-old chicks (135 of each breed; Ross 308 and Cobb 500) were used in this trial. The birds were divided into 3 equal groups (CON: thermoneutral condition; S and S groups were subjected to 4 and 6 h of daily thermal stress, respectively. Read More
Appetite 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. Electronic address:
Background: Modifying the type of dietary fat consumed may impact appetite, therefore having implications in weight management.
Objective: To test the effects of a 5-day, high-fat diet rich in poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and a diet rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) on markers of appetite.
Methods: Fifteen normal weight men participated in a randomized cross-over design with two controlled feeding trials (3d lead-in diet, pre-diet visit, 5d PUFA- or MUFA-rich diet, post-diet visit). Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0205810. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild and Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
Objective: To compare the serum inhibin B, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and leptin concentrations in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) to their concomitant characteristics and evaluate the capacity of each of these hormones to predict the age at first menstruation in those who were untreated and who completed their puberty.
Methods: This single-center study included 94 girls selected from a cohort of 493 girls seen between 1981 and 2012 and diagnosed with idiopathic CPP for whom a remaining serum sample collected at the initial evaluation was available. Of these 25 were untreated and completed their puberty. Read More
J Leukoc Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Medical Gerontology, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
The primary function of the female reproductive tract (FRT) is to enable successful reproduction, yet the biologic mechanisms required to accomplish this, which include fluctuating sex hormones and tolerance of semen and a semi-allogeneic fetus, can leave this unique mucosal environment susceptible to pathogenic challenge. Consequently, the FRT has evolved specialized innate and adaptive immune responses tailored to protecting itself from infection without compromising reproductive success. A family of innate immune cytokines that has emerged as important regulators of these immune responses is the type I IFNs. Read More
Compr Physiol 2018 Dec 13;9(1):375-411. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Physiology and Anatomy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, USA.
Epidemiological studies demonstrate disparities between men and women in cardiovascular disease prevalence, clinical symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. Enrollment of women in clinical trials is lower than men, and experimental studies investigating molecular mechanisms and efficacy of certain therapeutics in cardiovascular disease have been primarily conducted in male animals. These practices bias data interpretation and limit the implication of research findings in female clinical populations. Read More
Compr Physiol 2018 Dec 13;9(1):149-164. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Center for Physical Activity Research, University Hospital Copenhagen, Denmark.
Hypervolemia is a hallmark of endurance training (ET) and manifests by similar elevations in plasma (PV) and red blood cell volume (RBCV) so that hematocrit largely remains unaltered following weeks/months of training. While the mechanisms facilitating PV expansion with ET have been previously reviewed extensively this is not the case for RBCV. Endurance champions may have 40% more RBCV than controls and RBCV may increase up to 10% following months of regular exercise training in healthy individuals. Read More
J Integr Plant Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
University of Milan, DiSAA, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy.
In cereals, tillering and leaf development are key factors in the concept of crop ideotype, introduced in the 1960 s to enhance crop yield, via manipulation of plant architecture. In the present review, we discuss advances in genetic analysis of barley shoot architecture, focusing on tillering, leaf size and angle. We also discuss novel phenotyping techniques, such as 2D and 3D imaging, that have been introduced in the era of phenomics, facilitating reliable trait measurement. Read More
Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(50)
As cases of gallbladder-related adverse events have been reported in patients treated with glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists and GLP-2 receptor agonists, studies have investigated the effects of these hormones on the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids and gallbladder motility. Results suggest, that bile acids and GLP-2 counteract postprandial cholecystokinin-mediated gallbladder contraction, while GLP-1 may delay gallbladder refilling. This provides important information on the effect and safety of drugs based on GLP-1 and GLP-2, respectively. Read More
BMC Genomics 2018 Dec 14;19(1):934. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40546, USA.
Background: Epigenetic modifications including DNA methylation and post-translational modifications of histones are known to regulate gene expression. Antagonistic activities of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) mediate transcriptional reprogramming during insect development as shown in Drosophila melanogaster and other insects. Juvenile hormones (JH) play vital roles in the regulation of growth, development, metamorphosis, reproduction and other physiological processes. Read More
BMC Genet 2018 Dec 14;19(1):113. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
Background: Levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and the androgen testosterone have been associated with risk of diseases throughout the lifecourse. Although both SHBG and testosterone have been shown to be highly heritable, only a fraction of that heritability has been explained by genetic studies. Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation may explain some of the missing heritability and could potentially inform biological knowledge of endocrine disease mechanisms involved in development of later life disease. Read More
Primates 2000 Jul;41(3):311-319
Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, P. O. Box 120551, 92122, San Diego, California, USA.
Urinary and fecal hormones were analyzed on average every other day in 17 female bonobos kept at four US zoos (San Diego Zoo and Wild Animal Park, Milwaukee, Columbus, and Cincinnati). Ovarian cycle activity was monitored throughout the 15-month study period using estrogen and progesterone profiles and swelling charts. Behavioral data on sexual activity were also collected on a daily basis. Read More
J West Afr Coll Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;7(3):73-93
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Nigeria.
Background: In many Nigerian studies, male factors were responsible for up to 50 to 70% of infertility.
Aim: To evaluate the contribution of endocrinopathy and bacteriospermia to male infertility in Benin.
Study Design: A comparative cross-sectional study. Read More
Acta Neurol Belg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Bingöl State Hospital, Bingöl, Turkey.
Objective: A high prevalence of obesity in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) predisposes patients to metabolic changes. It is not clear how the clinical manifestations of the disease affect metabolism. This study aimed to investigate leptin, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels in FMS, and their relationship with body mass index (BMI) and disease severity. Read More
Semin Immunopathol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard, 400 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.
Vaccines are among the most impactful public health interventions, preventing millions of new infections and deaths annually worldwide. However, emerging data suggest that vaccines may not protect all populations equally. Specifically, studies analyzing variation in vaccine-induced immunity have pointed to the critical impact of genetics, the environment, nutrition, the microbiome, and sex in influencing vaccine responsiveness. Read More
Cureus 2018 Oct 8;10(10):e3421. Epub 2018 Oct 8.
Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA.
Background The hormones of the hypophysis-thyroid axis (HTA), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) and 3, 3', 5-L-triiodothyronine (T3), modulate the metabolism, differentiation, and proliferation of almost every cell in the body. Several studies have examined the effect of HTA hormones on platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), but have reported inconsistent results. Our aim was to examine the association between HTA hormones and platelet count and MPV in a large cohort of the adult population of the United States. Read More
Front Plant Sci 2018 28;9:1692. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, Laboratoire Glycobiologie et Matrice Extracellulaire Végétale EA4358, Rouen, France.
Roots are important organs for plant survival. In recent years, clear differences between roots and shoots in their respective plant defense strategies have been highlighted. Some putative gene markers of defense responses usually used in leaves are less relevant in roots and are sometimes not even expressed. Read More
Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1665. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.
Poyang is the largest freshwater lake in China, where the acoustic environment and space for the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoises (YFPs) has been altered by heavy vessel traffic and dredging activities. The density of vessel and the rate of dredging increases annually, especially in the area with the highest density of YFPs. The heavy vessel traffic can cause an increase in the physical activities and direct physical injuries to the YFPs. Read More
Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1616. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Communications and Signal Processing, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
Sex differences in the study of the human physiological response to mental stress are often erroneously ignored. To this end, we set out to show that our understanding of the stress response is fundamentally altered once sex differences are taken into account. This is achieved by comparing the heart rate variability (HRV) signals acquired during mental maths tests from ten females and ten males of similar maths ability; all females were in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle. Read More
Front Mol Neurosci 2018 27;11:430. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Research Divisions of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Unit of Regulatory and Molecular Biology, Salus University, Elkins Park, PA, United States.
Prototype member of the membrane guanylate cyclase family, ANF-RGC (Atrial Natriuretic Factor Receptor Guanylate Cyclase), is the physiological signal transducer of two most hypotensive hormones ANF and BNP, and of the intracellular free Ca. Both the hormonal and the Ca-modulated signals operate through a common second messenger, cyclic GMP; yet, their operational modes are divergent. The hormonal pathways originate at the extracellular domain of the guanylate cyclase; and through a cascade of structural changes in its successive domains activate the C-terminal catalytic domain (CCD). Read More
Anim Reprod Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Instituto de Investigación y Tecnología en Reproducción Animal (INITRA), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Folliculogenesis and ovulation are regulated by gonadotrophins and other factors such as Insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and leptin. In various species the presence of IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) and leptin receptor (ObR) has been detected in the ovary, but not in the alpaca. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of these receptors in this tissue and analyze if the presence of these receptors in the ovary is related to the presence of a corpus luteum (CL) and if abundances, as determined by immunostaining intensity vary with follicle size. Read More
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Laboratory of Natural Products Pesticides, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:
Pathogenesis-related proteins (PRs) are associated with the development of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) against further infection enforced by fungi, bacteria and viruses. PR1a is the first PR-1 member that could be purified and characterized. Previous studies have reported its role in plants' resistance system against oomycete pathogens. Read More
Int J Cardiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
The last two centuries have witnessed countless discoveries in the field of medicine that found their roots in the up growing development of technology as well as in the visionary ideas of brilliant scientists and research groups. One of the most important discoveries in the field of cardiovascular medicine allowed to break the paradigm identifying the heart with mere mechanical pump and to characterize its intriguing endocrine properties. Indeed, the discovery of hormones produced by the cardiac chambers, the natriuretic peptides, represents one of the milestones of the current conception of complexity of integrated human physiology. Read More
Nutrients 2018 Dec 12;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Cell Biology, Histology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Physical Therapy, University of Valladolid, 42004 Soria, Spain,
Introduction: Deficient levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) (<30 ng/mL) may compromise health and athletic performance. Supplementation with oral vitamin D can favor the state of iron metabolism, and testosterone and cortisol as an indicator of muscle recovery of the athlete with a deficiency. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of eight weeks of supplementation with 3000 IU/day of vitamin D on the hematological and iron metabolism profile, as well as on the analytical values of testosterone and cortisol on elite male traditional rowers. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 12;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells. Although the exact cause of SLE has not been identified, it is clear that both genetics and environmental factors trigger the disease. Identical twins have a 24% chance of getting lupus disease if the other one is affected. Read More
Healthcare (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
School of Psychology, Faculty of Society and Design, Bond University, Robina, Gold Coast, QLD 4229, Australia.
Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is an evidence-based method that combines acupressure with elements drawn from cognitive and exposure therapies. The approach has been validated in more than 100 clinical trials. Its efficacy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been investigated in a variety of demographic groups including war veterans, victims of sexual violence, the spouses of PTSD sufferers, motor accident survivors, prisoners, hospital patients, adolescents, and survivors of natural and human-caused disasters. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 11;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Institute of Basic Biological Problems RAS, Pushchino 142290, Russia.
Jasmonates are plant hormones that are involved in the regulation of different aspects of plant life, wherein their functions and molecular mechanisms of action in wheat are still poorly studied. With the aim of gaining more insights into the role of jasmonic acid (JA) in wheat growth, development, and responses to environmental stresses, we have generated transgenic bread wheat plants overexpressing (), one of the key genes of the JA biosynthesis pathway. Analysis of transgenic plants showed that overexpression affects wheat development, including germination, growth, flowering time, senescence, and alters tolerance to environmental stresses. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 9;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Oil Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China.
Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) have been suggested to play crucial roles in the response to diverse abiotic and biotic stress factors but there is little molecular evidence of this role in soybean plants. In this work, we identified and functionally characterized an R2R3-MYB TF, namely, , from the wild soybean ED059. Protein and promoter sequence analysis indicated that is a typical R2R3-MYB TF and contains multiple stress-related elements in the promoter region. Read More
Mar Drugs 2018 Dec 8;16(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Institute of Fisheries Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan 46041, Korea.
Glucocorticoids (GCs), which are endocrine hormones released under stress conditions, can cause skeletal muscle atrophy. This study investigated whether crude protein (PYCP) inhibits synthetic GCs dexamethasone (DEX)-induced myotube atrophy associated with proteolytic systems. Mouse skeletal muscle C2C12 myotubes were treated with DEX in the presence or absence of PYCP. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 7;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
The root system architecture (RSA) of plants is highly dependent on the surrounding nutrient environment. The uptake of essential nutrients triggers various signaling cascades and fluctuations in plant hormones to elicit physical changes in RSA. These pathways may involve signaling components known as small signaling peptides (SSPs), which have been implicated in a variety of plant developmental processes. Read More
Environ Pollut 2018 Dec 5;246:190-197. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road 2, Beijing, 100193, China; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Yuanmingyuan West Road 2, Beijing, 100193, China. Electronic address:
Glufosinate-ammonium (GLA) is a spectrum herbicide that is widely used in agriculture. The toxic effects of GLA on plants and mammals have been extensively studied; however, little is known about its effects on reptiles. In this study, male lizards (Eremias argus) were exposed to GLA contaminated soil for 60 days. Read More
Horm Behav 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
Many studies have attempted to identify biological factors that reliably predict individual differences in women's preferences for masculine male faces. Marcinkowska et al. (2018, Hormones & Behavior) recently reported that women's (N = 102) preferences for facial masculinity were predicted by the interaction between their relationship status (partnered versus unpartnered) and average progesterone level. Read More
Steroids 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Biotechnology, Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Sonipat, India.
Cholesterol is the most important sterol synthesized by most of the human cells majorly in the liver. It is a necessary constituent of cell membranes, it acts as a precursor for the synthesis of steroid hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids. Cholesterol is transported in plasma primarily in the form of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), the principal route for its removal from tissues to the liver is in high-density lipoproteins (HDL), followed by excretion in the bile. Read More
Obes Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, No. 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai, 200072, China.
Background: To examine changes in sex hormones after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in Chinese obese male patients and their correlation with metabolic parameters including serum uric acid (SUA) METHODS: A total of 56 obese men with body mass index (BMI) 41.9 ± 5.8 kg/m undergoing LSG were selected. Read More
Pflugers Arch 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Epithelial Research Group, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
Teleost fish are excellent models to study the phylogeny of the slc34 gene family, Slc34-mediated phosphate (P) transport and how Slc34 transporters contribute P homeostasis. Fish need to accumulate P from the diet to sustain growth. Much alike in mammals, intestinal uptake in fish is partly a paracellular and partly a Slc34-mediated transcellular process. Read More
Front Genet 2018 27;9:529. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Abnormalities in the X-linked gene are associated with a constellation of disorders, which have broad and profound implications for the person first diagnosed, and extended family members of all ages. The rare and pleiotropic nature of the associated disorders, both common and not, place great burdens on (1) the affected families, (2) their care providers and clinicians, and (3) investigators striving to conduct research on the conditions. Fragile X syndrome, occurring more severely in males, is the leading genetic cause of intellectual disability. Read More
BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 12;18(1):331. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Konkuk Institute of Technology, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05029, South Korea.
Background: The placenta is a reservoir enriched with growth factors, hormones, cytokines and minerals. While several beneficial effects of placenta extracts on wound healing, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory responses have been reported, relatively limited mechanistic exploration has been conducted to date. Here, we provide compelling evidence of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities of porcine placenta extracts (PPE) against contact dermatitis in vivo. Read More
BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):350. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Xinjiang Research Base, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi, 830052, China.
Background: Auxin-induced genes regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. The Gretchen Hagen 3 (GH3) gene family, one of three major early auxin-responsive families, is ubiquitous in the plant kingdom and its members function as regulators in modulating hormonal homeostasis, and stress adaptations. Specific Auxin-amido synthetase activity of GH3 subfamily II genes is reported to reversibly inactivate or fully degrade excess auxin through the formation of amino acid conjugates. Read More
BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):349. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (ITQB-UNL), Av. da República, 2780-157, Oeiras, Portugal.
Background: SUMOylation is an essential eukaryotic post-translation modification that, in plants, regulates numerous cellular processes, ranging from seed development to stress response. Using rice as a model crop plant, we searched for potential regulatory points that may influence the activity of the rice SUMOylation machinery genes.
Results: We analyzed the presence of putative cis-acting regulatory elements (CREs) within the promoter regions of the rice SUMOylation machinery genes and found CREs related to different cellular processes, including hormone signaling. Read More
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;98(46):3746-3750
Center for Reproduction and Genetics, the Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou 215002, China.
To analyze the effect of insufficient intake of vitamin D (VD) on sperm quality and male fertility and to discuss the mechanism of the effect. VD deficiency mice were fed with VD-deficient diet and light-sheltered. The sperm motility, morphology, ultrastructure, testicular pathology, sex hormones and fertility of normal and VD-deficient mice were analyzed to investigate the effects of VD deficiency on male reproduction. Read More
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;98(46):3741-3745
Department of Andrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350005, China.
To analyze the factors affecting the patency rate of microsurgical single-stitch longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy and to explore the possible causes of failure. The clinical data of 87 patients with epididymal obstructive azoospermia who underwent microsurgical vasoepididymostomy from January 2015 to February 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. We observed the patency rate postoperatively and evaluated several factors that possibly related to the patency rates. Read More
Adv Clin Exp Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland.
Background: The new polypeptide hormones adropin and irisin have a broad impact on human metabolism and energy homeostasis. They could be potential biomarkers of cardiac injury. In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the clinical importance of adropin and irisin is yet to be investigated. Read More
J Endocr Soc 2018 Oct 3;2(10):1100-1108. Epub 2018 Aug 3.
Section on Endocrinology and Genetics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland.
We describe a 4-year-old boy with developmental delay who was found to carry by clinical grade (CG) molecular cytogenetics (MCs) a chromosome Xq26 microduplication. The report prompted a referral of the patient for possible X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), a well-defined condition (MIM300942) due to chromosomal microduplication of a nearby region. The patient was evaluated clinically and investigated for endocrine abnormalities related to X-LAG and not only did he not have acrogigantism, but his growth parameters and other hormones were all normal. Read More
Front Plant Sci 2018 20;9:1691. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Plant Biotechnology and Cytogenetics, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute - National Research Institute, Radzików, Poland.
Plants are often challenged by abiotic and biotic stresses acting in combination and the response to combinatorial stress differs from that triggered by each factor individually. Although salinity and pathogens are major stressors limiting plant growth and productivity worldwide, their interaction is poorly understood. The reactions to pathogens overlap with those to abiotic stresses, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and stress hormones represent central nodes in the interacting signaling pathways. Read More
Front Neurosci 2018 15;12:838. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Phoenixin (PNX) is a newly identified reproductive peptide required for the estrous cycle. It is most highly expressed in the hypothalamus, where it is a positive regulator of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and kisspeptin. However, it is unknown what signals lie upstream of to coordinate its effects on GnRH and kisspeptin. Read More
Mediators Inflamm 2018 6;2018:7375294. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Department of Endocrinology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing 400037, China.
Asprosin is a white adipose tissue-derived hormone that increases abnormally in mammals with insulin resistance. However, the role of asprosin in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a disease partly characterized by insulin resistance, and its potential connection with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and PCOS has not been thoroughly elucidated to date. To investigate the association of asprosin with metabolic profiles, sex-related hormones, or inflammation in females with T2DM or PCOS, plasma asprosin and metabolic indicators were measured in 66 healthy females, 53 female patients with T2DM, and 41 patients with PCOS. Read More
Zebrafish 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
1 Zebrafish Genetics Laboratory, Department of Genetic Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology , Chennai, India .
Induction of all-male population in Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens, has potential application in ornamental fish trade. In addition, the sexually dimorphic nature of aggressive behavior exhibited by this species has made it into an emerging model for behavioral studies. Fadrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, which has been used widely in masculinization, has captivated us to use it in this study. Read More
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
East Carolina University School of Medicine
The reasons for the higher severity of type 2 diabetes (T2DM)-associated cardiomyopathy in women, despite their inherent estrogen (E2)-dependent cardioprotection, remain unknown. We hypothesized that the reliance of the healthy females' hearts on augmented adiponectin (APN)-connexin43 (Cx43) signaling becomes paradoxically detrimental when disrupted by T2DM in an E2-dependent manner. We tested this hypothesis in high fat-low dose streptozotocin diabetic rats and their controls with the following designations: (a) sham operated (SO); (b) ovariectomized (OVX); (c) ovariectomized with E2 supplementation (OVX+E2); and (d) male. Read More
Int Rev Psychiatry 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , Baltimore , MD , USA.
There are several biological factors that might play a role in physiological response to opioids and/or the onset of problematic opioid use; however, sex-based differences in non-analgesic opioid-based effects are poorly understood. The goal of this review is to provide a current analysis of the pre-clinical literature on sex-based differences in response to endogenous and exogenous opioids, including the interplay between sex hormones and opioid receptor-mediated neuronal activity and associated behaviours. A systematic search was performed on the following terms within PubMed between March and April 2018: 'opioid oestrogen', 'opioid progesterone', 'opioid oestradiol', and 'opioid testosterone'. Read More
Korean J Intern Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Lung Research Institute of Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
Background/aims: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are a treatment of choice for eosinophilic airway diseases, but their efficacy for other causes of chronic cough is controversial.
Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study to determine the ICS efficacy and clinical predictors of response to ICS in patients with upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) or unexplained chronic cough (UCC). Sixty-eight patients with UACS and 33 patients with UCC (duration of cough ≥ 8 weeks) were treated with ICS: 250 µg of fluticasone propionate or 400 µg of budesonide twice a day at physician's discretion. Read More