649,854 results match your criteria Hormone Therapy

Randomized trial of high-dose pyridoxine in combination with standard hormonal therapy in West syndrome.

Seizure 2021 May 29;91:75-80. Epub 2021 May 29.

Pediatric Neurology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Objective: To determine whether high-dose, oral pyridoxine in combination with standard adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy has superior effectiveness than ACTH therapy alone in increasing cessation of epileptic spasms for children with West syndrome.

Methods: This study was an open-label, randomized controlled trial with masked endpoint assessments. Eligible children with West syndrome, age ranged 3-18 months, were randomized into the intervention (n = 43) and the standard arm (n = 37) of therapy. Read More

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Androgen receptor (AR) heterogeneity in prostate cancer and therapy resistance.

Cancer Lett 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, 14263, USA; Experimental Therapeutics (ET) Graduate Program, University at Buffalo & Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, NY, 14263, USA. Electronic address:

Androgen receptor (AR), a ligand-dependent nuclear transcription factor and a member of steroid hormone receptor family, plays an important role in prostate organogenesis by regulating epithelial differentiation and restricting cell proliferation. Although rarely mutated or amplified in treatment-naïve prostate cancer (PCa), AR signaling drives tumor growth and as a result, therapies that aim to inhibit AR signaling, called ARSIs (AR signaling inhibitors), have been in clinical use for >70 years. Unfortunately, the clinical efficacy of ARSIs is short-lived and the majority of treated patients develop castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). Read More

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The effects of amiodarone on thyroid function in pediatric and adolescent patients.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Advocate Children's Hospital, Oak Lawn, Illinois Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction is well established. The present review discusses recent literature related to the effects of amiodarone on the thyroid gland and thyroid function in pediatrics.

Recent Findings: Current guidelines in adults treated with amiodarone recommend baseline thyroid function testing followed by initiation of thyroid hormone monitoring after 3 months on therapy. Read More

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Turning a Turner to a twin mother.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Women with Turner syndrome (TS) are subfertile due to premature ovarian insufficiency. Most women require hormone replacement therapy for attaining menarche and assisted reproductive technology (ART) using donor oocytes, autologous oocytes or in-vitro fertilisation for conception. Irrespective of the karyotype, monosomy X (45, X) or mosaic pattern, women with TS hold a very high risk for pregnancy due to high mortality rate secondary to aortic dissection and severe pre-eclampsia. Read More

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What happens after menopause? (WHAM): A prospective controlled study of sleep quality up to 12 months after premenopausal risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Center for Health Sciences, SRI International, California, USA.

Objective: Sleep difficulties impair function and increase the risk of depression at menopause and premenopausal oophorectomy may further worsen sleep. However, prospective data are limited, and it remains uncertain whether Hormone Therapy (HT) improves sleep. This prospective observational study measured sleep quality before and up to 12 months after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) compared to a similar age comparison group who retained their ovaries. Read More

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Adjuvant endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with breast cancer: Patient adherence and physician prescribing practices in Mexico.

Breast 2021 Jun 1;59:8-15. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Departamento de Tumores Mamarios e Investigacion, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, San Fernando 22, Belisario Dominguez Secc 16, Tlalpan, Mexico City, 14080, Mexico.

Background: In resource-constrained settings, data regarding breast cancer patients' adherence to endocrine therapy (ET) and physicians' prescribing practices is limited. This study aims to decrease this knowledge gap in a real-world clinical practice.

Methods: Premenopausal women with stage 0-III hormone-sensitive breast cancer and receiving adjuvant ET during the past 1-5 years were identified in three Mexican referral centers. Read More

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Patterns of recombinant growth hormone therapy use and growth responses among children with chronic kidney disease.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Recombinant growth hormone (rGH) is an efficacious therapy for growth failure in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We described rGH use and estimated its relationship with growth and kidney function in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort.

Methods: Participants included those with growth failure, prevalent rGH users, and rGH initiators who did not meet growth failure criteria. Read More

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A drug safety evaluation of enzalutamide to treat advanced prostate cancer.

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2021 Jun 11:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery/Urology, University of Montreal Hospital Center (CHUM), Montreal, Canada.

Introduction: Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer in North American men. Advanced PC is incurable. The androgen receptor antagonist enzalutamide is used to manage advanced PC, often over a period of months or years; it is therefore important to evaluate the safety profile of enzalutamide. Read More

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Growth hormone and targeted oncological agents: Are we stopping children with brain tumours from reaching their true height potential?

J Paediatr Child Health 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Children's Cancer Centre, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Children with low-grade gliomas have excellent long-term survival outcomes. The development of therapies targeted to the driver mutations along the Mitogen Activated Protein (MAP) kinase signalling pathway are providing long-term stability for many patients with these tumours. Given the frequency of these tumours residing within or near the suprasellar region, our patients commonly suffer from hormone deficiencies. Read More

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Differential Impact of Variation by Metastatic Status in Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:697955. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Urology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays a dual role in cancer, acting as a tumor suppressor in the early stage of cancer development and as a tumor promoter in the later stage of cancer progression in various cancers. In this study, we investigated the association between genetic polymorphisms in and clinicopathological characteristics or oncological outcome in prostate cancer cases treated with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) according to metastasis status. Japanese male patients with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer treated with ADT from 1993 to 2005 were included in this study. Read More

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Involved Site Radiotherapy Extends Time to Premature Menopause in Infra-Diaphragmatic Female Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients - An Analysis of GHSG HD14- and HD17-Patients.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:658358. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife and Radiation Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Introduction: Consolidation radiotherapy in intermediate stage Hodgkin´s lymphoma (HL) has been the standard of care for many years as involved field radiotherapy (IFRT) after chemotherapy. It included initially involved region(s). Based on randomized studies, radiation volumes could be reduced and involved site radiation therapy (ISRT) became the new standard. Read More

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Combination Model of Thyrotrophin Receptor Antibody and Volumetric Orbital Apex Crowding Index as an Indicator of Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy.

Dis Markers 2021 18;2021:9964232. Epub 2021 May 18.

Eye Center of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: Dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) is one of the most serious vision-threatening complications of thyroid eye disease (TED); however, accurate and established diagnostic tools for DON are yet lacking. The present study was aimed at identifying new diagnostic factors for the accurate diagnosis of DON.

Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 25 TED patients (50 eyes) with enlarged extraocular muscles, no previous anti-inflammatory therapy, and the absence of other vision-affecting diseases between May 2017 and August 2019. Read More

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Optogenetic Manipulations of Amygdala Neurons Modulate Spinal Nociceptive Processing and Behavior Under Normal Conditions and in an Arthritis Pain Model.

Front Pharmacol 2021 25;12:668337. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, United States.

The amygdala is an important neural substrate for the emotional-affective dimension of pain and modulation of pain. The central nucleus (CeA) serves major amygdala output functions and receives nociceptive and affected-related information from the spino-parabrachial and lateral-basolateral amygdala (LA-BLA) networks. The CeA is a major site of extra-hypothalamic expression of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF, also known as corticotropin releasing hormone, CRH), and amygdala CRF neurons form widespread projections to target regions involved in behavioral and descending pain modulation. Read More

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Sulindac, a non-selective NSAID, reduces breast density in postmenopausal women with breast cancer treated with aromatase inhibitors.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Hematology and Oncology, Stony Brook Cancer Center.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of sulindac, a non-selective anti-inflammatory drug, for activity to reduce breast density (BD), a risk factor for breast cancer.

Experimental Design: An open-label Phase 2 study was conducted to test the effect of 12 months' daily sulindac at 150 mg bid on change in percent BD in postmenopausal hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients on aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. Change in percent BD in the contralateral, unaffected breast was measured by non-contrast MRI and reported as change in MRI percent BD (MRPD). Read More

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Cholesterol Metabolic Reprogramming in Cancer and Its Pharmacological Modulation as Therapeutic Strategy.

Front Oncol 2021 24;11:682911. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Cholesterol is a ubiquitous sterol with many biological functions, which are crucial for proper cellular signaling and physiology. Indeed, cholesterol is essential in maintaining membrane physical properties, while its metabolism is involved in bile acid production and steroid hormone biosynthesis. Additionally, isoprenoids metabolites of the mevalonate pathway support protein-prenylation and dolichol, ubiquinone and the heme biosynthesis. Read More

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Targeting Mutated p53 Dependency in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells Through CDK7 Inhibition.

Front Oncol 2021 24;11:664848. Epub 2021 May 24.

Key Laboratory of Organ Regeneration & Transplantation of the Ministry of Education, Institute of Translational Medicine, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7) is crucial for cell cycle progression and gene expression transcriptional regulation, which are often not assessed in cancer developing process. CDK7 inhibitors have emerged as promising drugs for treating diverse cancers, including breast cancer. However, the mechanism behind its anticancer effect has not been well investigated. Read More

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Adults' Adherence to Growth Hormone Replacement in Relation to Medication-Related Beliefs, Coping and Quality of Life - An Exploratory Analysis.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 24;12:680964. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Introduction: Little is known about psychological reasons associated with adherence to growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy (GHRx) in adults. As in other chronic diseases, medication-related beliefs, coping strategies and disease impact on quality of life (QoL) might play an important role. We thus explored these psychological factors in relation to adherence in patients with GH deficiency (GHD) in order to find leverage points for the improvement of adherence. Read More

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Trends and practices for managing low-risk prostate cancer: a SEER-Medicare study.

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: Expectant management (EM) has been widely recommended for men with low-risk prostate cancers (PCa). We evaluated trends in EM and the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with EM, initiating a National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline-concordant active surveillance (AS) monitoring protocol, and switching from EM to active treatment (AT).

Methods: We used the SEER-Medicare database to identify men ages 66+ diagnosed with a low-risk PCa (PSA < 10 ng/mL, Gleason ≤ 6, stage ≤ T2a) in 2010-2013 with ≥1 year of follow-up. Read More

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Combined inhibition of DDR1 and CDK4/6 induces synergistic effects in ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer with PIK3CA/AKT1 mutations.

Oncogene 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Molecular alterations in the PI3K/AKT pathway occur frequently in hormone receptor-positive breast tumors. Patients with ER-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer are often treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors such as palbociclib in combination with endocrine therapy. Although this is an effective regimen, most patients ultimately progress. Read More

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[Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in an elderly man maintaining long-term complete response].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2021 ;62(5):341-345

Department of Hematology, Nephrology, and Rheumatology, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine.

Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that mostly affects women. Here, we report a case of primary breast DLBCL that affected an older man without any autoimmune disease or drug-related female hormones. The patient was a 65-year-old man whose chief complaints were gradually-increasing lump in the right chest and swelling of the right axillary lymph nodes. Read More

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Prostate Cancer From a Sex and Gender Perspective: A Review.

Sex Med Rev 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Cellular & Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Factors influencing patient behavior regarding risk of prostate cancer (PCa) and outcomes of PCa treatments are poorly understood. Similarly, how PCa treatments affect patient sexual function and sense of their masculinity has not been fully investigated. A better understanding of the relationship between sex and gender for patients with PCa could significantly improve their care and quality of life. Read More

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Global investigation of estrogen-responsive genes regulating lipid metabolism in the liver of laying hens.

BMC Genomics 2021 Jun 9;22(1):428. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China.

Background: Estrogen plays an essential role in female development and reproductive function. In chickens, estrogen is critical for lipid metabolism in the liver. The regulatory molecular network of estrogen in chicken liver is poorly understood. Read More

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[A Case of Robot-Assisted Radical Cystoprostatectomy for Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer with Bladder Infiltration].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 Apr;67(4):163-166

The Department of Urology, Tokushima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences.

While robot-assisted radical cystoprostatectomy (RARC) for locally advanced prostate cancer (LAPC) may sometimes prove to be excessive treatment, it can significantly reduce the risk of positive surgical margins and lower urinary tract obstruction in some cases. Here, we report a case of LAPC treated with RARC in a patient with right hydronephrosis due to bladder infiltration and left hypoplastic kidney. A 71-year-old man presented with frequent urination in August 2019. Read More

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[Liraglutide alleviates lipotoxic liver cell damage and promotes autophagy to improve non-alcoholic fatty liver].

Q Zhang Q Liu C Y Niu

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2021 May;29(5):456-461

Department of Gastroenterology, Nanjing Lishui People's Hospital (Zhongda Hospital Lishui Branch, Southeast University), Nanjing 211200, China.

To study the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on free fatty acid (FFA)-induced hepatocyte steatosis, and to explore its autophagic role in this process. Human hepatocytes were cultured in vitro to induce NAFLD cell model. Liraglutide (LRG) concentration gradient was added to observe the effect on cell survival rate and fatty degeneration of liver cells. Read More

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The optimal duration of endocrine therapy in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer.

George W Sledge

Clin Adv Hematol Oncol 2021 Jun;19(6):383-404

Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California.

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Study on the mechanism of regulating the hypothalamic cortical hormone releasing hormone/corticotropin releasing hormone type I receptor pathway by vibro-annular abdominal massage under the brain-intestine interaction in the treatment of insomnia.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25854

Nursing College of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China.

Background: Insomnia is a common disease associated with different nervous system stress response and endocrine disorders. It has been reported previously that abdominal vibration and ring massage therapy can significantly improve the symptoms of insomnia patients, enhance the activity of neurons. In addition, functional MRI (resting state brain functional magnetic resonance imaging [Rs_fMRI]) of the resting state brain test has proved that the functional connection between hypothalamus and parahippocampal gyrus could be significantly enhanced after abdominal massage treatment. Read More

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Hypoglycemia and jaundice in newborns with pituitary stalk interruption syndrome.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25843

Department of Paediatrics, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan.

Abstract: Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a rare disease associated with either isolated growth hormone deficiency (GHD) or combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). In older children and adults, most patients experience short stature or hypogonadism. Neonatal PSIS is extremely rare and is difficult to recognize due to absence of dwarfism. Read More

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Fragment antigen-binding (Fab) antibody-based lateral flow immunoassay for rapid and sensitive detection of potent phytoestrogen, deoxymiroestrol.

J Nat Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand.

Pueraria candollei is an ingredient of Thai herbal medicine, dietary supplements, and cosmetics. The in vitro and in vivo studies of this plant supported anti-osteoporotic activity and used for hormone replacement therapy. Deoxymiroestrol shows the most potent phytoconstituent in tuberous root of P. Read More

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Fresh insight into premature ovarian insufficiency.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gynecological Endocrinology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is one of the vital reasons of anovulatory infertility among women under 40 years old. However, because of the unacknowledged causative factor in most cases, it still remains a huge challenge in gynecology. Recently, the most promising opportunities in diagnosing are connected with the use of some serum biomarkers, such as interleukin-17 (IL-17), Frizzled-5 protein, Soggy-1 protein and other cytokines. Read More

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Use of melatonin as an inhibitor of apoptotic process for cryopreservation of zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos.

Braz J Biol 2021 2;82:e241081. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Universidade Estadual de Maringá - UEM, Departamento de Zootecnia, Maringá, PR, Brasil.

This study investigated the use of melatonin to arrest the effects of apoptosis in vitrified zebrafish (D. rerio) embryos. Dechorionated embryos at 22-24 somite-stage were divided (n = 60/treatment) into a non-vitrified (Control Group, 0 M melatonin) and vitrified treatments with 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) and 1 mM of melatonin (T3). Read More

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