62,880 results match your criteria Hormonal Therapy


Treatment Opportunities and Technological Progress Prospective for Acne Vulgaris.

Curr Drug Deliv 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, 142001, India.

A frequent inflammatory pilosebaceous disorder that affects 80-90% of teenagers, acne vulgaris is still a concern for dermatologists and other doctors in the field of medicine. Acne has a significant psychosocial impact and is responsible for a bigger worldwide burden of disease than psoriasis, cellulitis, and melanoma, as measured by age-standardized disability-adjusted life years. Patients may experience psychological problems as well as severe skin scars as a result of the condition. Read More

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Preoperative Platelet Count Correlates With Postoperative Perineural Invasion on Specimen in Patients Treated With Radical Prostatectomy.

Front Oncol 2022 7;12:906936. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objective: It has been reported that perineural invasion (PNI) after radical prostatectomy (RP) is associated with unfavorable prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis. However, the clinicopathological factors especially hematological parameters that influenced PNI remain unknown. Our aim was to explore the relationship between clinicopathological parameters and PNI in patients who underwent RP. Read More

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New Innovations for the Treatment of Vulvovaginal Atrophy: An Up-to-Date Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 6;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, 20132 Milan, Italy.

Vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) is a chronic progressive disease involving the female genital apparatus and lower urinary tract. This condition is related to hypoestrogenism consequent to menopause onset but is also due to the hormonal decrease after adjuvant therapy for patients affected by breast cancer. Considering the high prevalence of VVA and the expected growth of this condition due to the increase in the average age of the female population, it is easy to understand its significant social impact. Read More

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Hormonal Changes after R-CHOP Chemotherapy in Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Prospective Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 26;58(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Clinical Epidemiology and Clinical Statistic Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

: There is a lack of data regarding hormonal metabolic abnormalities resulting from the R-CHOP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone), a commonly used chemotherapy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This study aimed to determine the incidence of hormonal and metabolic changes after R-CHOP therapy. : This prospective cohort study initially included 17 DLBCL patients. Read More

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Sex-Related Differences in Pharmacological Response to CNS Drugs: A Narrative Review.

J Pers Med 2022 May 31;12(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Faculty of Medicine, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2 Eftimie Murgu Street, 300041 Timisoara, Romania.

In the last decades, both animal and human studies have neglected female subjects with the aim of evading a theorized intricacy of feminine hormonal status. However, clinical experience proves that pharmacological response may vary between the two sexes since pathophysiological dissimilarities between men and women significantly influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs. Sex-related differences in central nervous system (CNS) medication are particularly challenging to assess due to the complexity of disease manifestation, drugs' intricate mechanisms of action, and lack of trustworthy means of evaluating the clinical response to medication. Read More

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Response to Systemic Therapies in Ovarian Adult Granulosa Cell Tumors: A Literature Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Medical Oncology, UMC Utrecht Cancer Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands.

For adult granulosa cell tumors (aGCTs), the preferred treatment modality is surgery. Chemotherapy and anti-hormonal therapy are also frequently used in patients with recurrent aGCT. We aimed to review the existing literature on the response to chemotherapy and anti-hormonal therapy in patients with aGCT. Read More

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Why Does Psychotherapy Work and for Whom? Hormonal Answers.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 9;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel.

The questions of for whom and why psychotherapy is effective have been the focus of five decades of research. Most of this knowledge is based on self-report measures. Following the biopsychosocial model of mental disorders, this article explores the potential of hormones in answering these questions. Read More

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Hormonal and Genetic Regulatory Events in Breast Cancer and Its Therapeutics: Importance of the Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 3;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA.

Estrogen promotes the development and survival of the majority of breast cancers (BCs). Aromatase is the rate-limiting enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis, and it is immensely expressed in both cancerous and non-cancerous breast tissues. Endocrine therapy based on estrogen blockade, by aromatase inhibitors, has been the mainstay of BC treatment in post-menopausal women; however, resistance to hormone therapy is the leading cause of cancer death. Read More

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Effect of hormonal therapy on F-fluciclovine PET/CT in the detection of prostate cancer recurrence, localization of metastatic disease, and correlation with prostate-specific antigen.

Urol Oncol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Radiology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL; Department of Medical Imaging, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Introduction: F-Fluciclovine, is a positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer approved for the localization of sites of prostate cancer recurrence in men with a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after definitive treatment. To explore the impact of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on the performance of F-fluciclovine, we conducted a retrospective analysis to compare the F-fluciclovine PET/CT positivity rate in patients receiving ADT at the time of the scan with the rate achieved in patients not receiving ADT.

Methods: A retrospective review of data from patients who underwent F-fluciclovine PET/CT for biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer between December 2016 to March 2020 was performed. Read More

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Epidemiology and treatment patterns of UK women diagnosed with vasomotor symptoms: Findings from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink GOLD database.

Maturitas 2022 Jun 9;164:1-8. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Menopause/Reproductive Endocrine Services, Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: To describe the epidemiology and treatment of vasomotor symptoms (VMS) in the UK.

Study Design: Retrospective study that used electronic medical records from UK primary care centers.

Main Outcome Measures: The prevalence and incidence of moderate-to-severe VMS, the proportion treated, persistence with initial treatment, treatment patterns, and menopausal hormone therapy (HT) experience were investigated over the study period (Jan. Read More

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Recent Advances in (Licorice)-Containing Herbs Alleviating Radiotherapy- and Chemotherapy-Induced Adverse Reactions in Cancer Treatment.

Metabolites 2022 Jun 9;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Cancers represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. They also impose a large economic burden on patients, their families, and health insurance systems. Notably, cancers and the adverse reactions to their therapeutic options, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, dramatically affect the quality of life of afflicted patients. Read More

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New Insights on the Toxicity on Heart and Vessels of Breast Cancer Therapies.

Med Sci (Basel) 2022 May 25;10(2). Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035-1039 Rome, Italy.

Cardiovascular diseases are largely represented in patients with cancer and appear to be important side effects of cancer treatments, heavily affecting quality of life and leading to premature morbidity and death among cancer survivors. In particular, treatments for breast cancer have been shown to potentially play serious detrimental effects on cardiovascular health. This review aims to explore the available literature on breast cancer therapy-induced side effects on heart and vessels, illustrating the molecular mechanisms of cardiotoxicity known so far. Read More

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Promising Therapeutic Impact of a Selective Estrogen Receptor Downregulator, Fulvestrant, as Demonstrated In Vitro upon Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinoma Cell Lines.

Curr Oncol 2022 Jun 1;29(6):4020-4033. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo 693-8501, Japan.

Few studies have reported hormonal agent use in the treatment of low-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (LGSOCs), which are chemoresistant. Considering the need for novel effective therapies, we investigated the hormone receptor expression and hormonal inhibition efficacy in LGSOCs. Using immunohistochemistry, we assessed the estrogen receptor (ER) expression status in 33 cases of histologically confirmed serous ovarian tumors, including 10, 11, and 12 cases of LGSOCs, serous borderline tumors (SBTs), and serous cystadenomas (SCAs), respectively. Read More

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Effectiveness of Clomiphene Citrate for Improving Sperm Concentration: A Literature Review and Meta-Analysis.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25093. Epub 2022 May 18.

Urology, University for Medicine and Pharmacy "Grigore T. Popa", Iasi, ROU.

Demographic data regarding male infertility suggest an increase in prevalence. This is an entity with multifactorial etiology, hormonal causes are often encountered. Although treatment with clomiphene was advocated to stimulate gametogenesis, it is still used off-label. Read More

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Effects of poor glycemic control on mortality and severity of COVID-19 disease.

Authors:
H Ergenc Z Ergenc

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 Jun;26(11):4117-4122

Department of Internal Medicine, Ayancik Government Hospital, Sinop, Turkey.

Objective: Most patients with a severe COVID-19 infection have underlying diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, and diabetes, and the mortality rate in these patients is higher than in other patients. Reasonable glycemic control is a practical approach to prevent the progression of COVID-19 in patients with diabetes. In this study, we aimed at demonstrating that glycemic control status can be used as a biomarker in predicting the severity of the disease in the early period in diabetic patients with COVID-19. Read More

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Vitamin D supplementation inhibits NF-kß signaling pathway in lean and obese women with PCOS.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 Jun;26(11):3973-3977

Pirivate Office, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

Objective: This study aims at investigating the effect of vitamin D (VD) replacement therapy on serum nuclear factor-kappa β (NF-kβ) levels in both lean and obese women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Patients And Methods: 50 women with PCOS with VD levels lower than 20 ng/mL were included in the study. Participants were equally divided into two groups, as lean and overweight/obese PCOS, according to their body mass index (BMI) values. Read More

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Non obvious diagnosis and breast development in pure gonadal dysgenesis.

Ginekol Pol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Gynecological Endocrinology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

< span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;" > Pure gonadal dysgenesis is a situation when the karyotype is 46, XY, but for various reasons there is a disorder of differentiation of Wolffian and Mullerian structures and in consequence the phenotype is female. It is known that abdominal gonads and the presence of Y chromosome allow to qualify this condition as a high risk of tumor. Read More

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Metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) as a more accurate name for NAFLD - common aspects of pathogenesis.

Cas Lek Cesk 2022 ;161(2):65-71

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a common hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. With respect to the pathogenesis of liver steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, recently a consensus of international experts proposed a change in the name of the disease to metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). The new name should not only better reflect the pathogenesis, but also better stratify risks of the patients treatment and eliminate stigmatization originating from the presence of the term "alcohol" in the name of the disease. Read More

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FDA Approval Summary: Belzutifan for von Hippel-Lindau disease associated tumors.

Clin Cancer Res 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, United States.

On August 13, 2021, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved belzutifan (WELIREG, Merck), a first-in-class hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) inhibitor for adult patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease who require therapy for associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC), central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastomas, or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET), not requiring immediate surgery. The FDA granted approval based on the clinically meaningful effects on overall response rate (ORR) observed in patients enrolled in Study MK-6482-004. All 61 patients had VHL-associated RCC; some also had CNS hemangioblastomas and/or pNET. Read More

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Comparison of intensity-modulated radiotherapy with the 5-field technique, helical tomotherapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy for localized prostate cancer.

J Radiat Res 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan.

The outcomes of three methods of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for localized prostate cancer were evaluated. Between 2010 and 2018, 308 D'Amico intermediate- or high-risk patients were treated with 2.2 Gy daily fractions to a total dose of 74. Read More

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Menstrual hormone-induced cyclic thumb CMC instability and degeneration in women: a systematic review.

Biol Sex Differ 2022 Jun 20;13(1):32. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa, IA, 52242, USA.

Background: Relaxin is a hormone which peaks during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and a known collagenolytic promoter that has been shown to avidly bind tissues supporting the trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint in women. We hypothesize a causal linkage between cyclic binding of relaxin to the supporting tissues of the female TMC joint; and to the earlier onset of more severe TMC osteoarthritis (OA) commonly seen in women.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed per PRISMA guidelines, qualitatively and quantitatively assessing papers regarding relaxin-TMC joint stability interactions. Read More

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Massive adrenocortical carcinoma presenting as peripheral edema: a case report.

Authors:
David A Goodkin

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;16(1):249. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

, Washington, USA.

Background: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, but potentially lethal, malignancy that is usually detected as an incidental finding on abdominal imaging studies or owing to hormonal complications. This report recounts an unusual presentation with leg edema due to compression of the inferior vena cava. The dearth of proven effective treatment is also addressed. Read More

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General infertility workup in times of high assisted reproductive technology efficacy.

Fertil Steril 2022 Jul;118(1):8-18

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Hospital Foch-Faculté de Medicine Paris Ouest (UVSQ), Suresnes, France.

The assessments of oocyte quality and quantity and endocrine profile have traditionally been the cornerstone of the general workup of couples with infertility. Over the years, several clinical, hormonal, and functional biomarkers have been adopted to assess ovarian function and identify endocrine disorders before assisted reproductive technology. Furthermore, the genetic workup of patients has drastically changed, introducing novel markers. Read More

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The Androgen Hormone-Induced Increase in Androgen Receptor Protein Expression Is Caused by the Autoinduction of the Androgen Receptor Translational Activity.

Curr Issues Mol Biol 2022 Jan 25;44(2):597-608. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Urology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany.

The androgen receptor (AR) plays a central role in prostate, muscle, bone and adipose tissue. Moreover, dysregulated AR activity is a driving force in prostate cancer (PCa) initiation and progression. Consequently, antagonizing AR signalling cascades via antiandrogenic therapy is a crucial treatment option in PCa management. Read More

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January 2022

Progesterone in gender-affirming therapy of trans women.

World J Biol Chem 2022 May;13(3):66-71

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Elena Venizelou Hospital, Athens GR-11521, Greece.

Progesterone is an endogenous steroid hormone with an important role for the physiology of the female reproductive system and the mammary gland. It has additional significant actions in other tissues, such as the cardiovascular system, the central nervous system, and bones. The present article explores potential clinical implications from the addition of bioidentical progesterone to gender-affirming treatment of trans women. Read More

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Human Ovarian Follicles Xenografted in Immunoisolating Capsules Survive Long Term Implantation in Mice.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 3;13:886678. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Female pediatric cancer survivors often develop Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) owing to gonadotoxic effects of anticancer treatments. Here we investigate the use of a cell-based therapy consisting of human ovarian cortex encapsulated in a poly-ethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogel that replicates the physiological cyclic and pulsatile hormonal patterns of healthy reproductive-aged women. Human ovarian tissue from four donors was analyzed for follicle density, with averages ranging between 360 and 4414 follicles/mm. Read More

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Hormonal Male Contraception: Getting to Market.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 3;13:891589. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Clinical and Translational Science Institute at the Lundquist Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, United States.

Rates of unplanned pregnancies are high and stagnant globally, burdening women, families and the environment. Local limitations placed upon contraceptive access and abortion services exacerbate global disparities for women. Despite survey data suggesting men and their partners are eager for expanded male contraceptive options, efforts to develop such agents have been stymied by a paucity of monetary investment. Read More

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The Effectiveness and Safety of Hormonal Combinations of Antiepileptic Drugs in the Treatment of Epileptic Electrical Continuity in Children during Sleep: A Meta-Analysis.

Authors:
Jinlai Zhang

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 8;2022:5395383. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou 061000, Hebei, China.

Objective: A systematic evaluation of the efficacy of hormones in combination with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) compared to AEDs alone in the treatment of children with encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES). This study provides an evidence-based approach to the treatment of children with ESES.

Materials And Methods: To find all relevant studies published before March 2022, we searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Clinical Trials, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang databases. Read More

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Educational status, testosterone replacement, and intelligence outcomes in Klinefelter syndrome.

Dement Neuropsychol 2022 Jan-Mar;16(1):97-104

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Departamento de Psicobiologia, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

Most male hypergonadotropic hypogonadism associated with infertility can be attributed to a single genetic condition such as Klinefelter syndrome (KS). This disease's wide phenotypic variability is frequently associated with mosaic 47,XXY lineages and testosterone replacement. Early diagnosis and treatment have been associated with better cognitive and intellectual outcomes, but the scope of this influence requires further investigation. Read More

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Management of postmenopausal women: Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français (CNGOF) and Groupe d'Etude sur la Ménopause et le Vieillissement (GEMVi) Clinical Practice Guidelines.

Maturitas 2022 Jun 9;163:62-81. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU de Poitiers, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France.

Aim: The aim of these recommendations is to set forth an individualized approach to the management of early postmenopausal women (i.e., within the first 10 years after natural menopause) covering all aspects of lifestyle and therapeutic management, with or without menopause hormone therapy (MHT). Read More

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