6,092 results match your criteria Hookworm


The burden and epidemiology of polyparasitism among rural communities in Kano State, Nigeria.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya,Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Parasitic infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide, particularly among underprivileged communities in developing countries including Nigeria. The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology of polyparasitism (multiple parasitic infections) among rural communities in Kano State, North Central Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 551 individuals were screened for the presence of intestinal, urogenital and blood parasites by using different diagnostic techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try128DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
1.931 Impact Factor

Prevalence and correlates of anemia among adolescents in Nepal: Findings from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208878. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Paediatrics, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Anemia is regarded as major public health problem among adolescents in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) but there is limited primary data in many countries, including Nepal. This study investigated the prevalence and correlates of anemia in a nationally representative sample of adolescents within the 2014 National Adolescent Nutrition Survey in Nepal. A total of 3780 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years were selected from a cross-sectional survey through multi-stage cluster sampling. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208878PLOS
December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of intestinal parasites and the absence of soil-transmitted helminths in Añatuya, Santiago del Estero, Argentina.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 14;11(1):638. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Fundación Mundo Sano, Paraguay, 1535, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Intestinal parasites (IP) have been reported in point studies from different provinces of Argentina. The presence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) was detected in many of these studies, including varied prevalences of all five species of STH in the north were the climate is more appropriate for transmission. Nonetheless, Argentina lacks a comprehensive prevalence map of STH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3232-7DOI Listing
December 2018

A comparison of helminth infections as assessed through coprological analysis and adult worm burdens in a wild host.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2018 Dec 14;7(3):439-444. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Zoology, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

Coprological analysis is the most widely used diagnostic tool for helminth infection in both domestic and wild mammals. Evaluation of the efficacy of this technique is rare, due to the lack of availability of adult worm burden. Where information is available the majority of studies are in small ruminants and seldom in a wild host. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261086PMC
December 2018

Fortification of Carica papaya fruit seeds to school meal snacks may aid Africa mass deworming programs: a preliminary survey.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 7;18(1):327. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Graduate School, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Road, Nairobi, P.O. BOX 54840, Kenya.

Background: Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) are among the world's neglected tropical diseases. Morbidity due to STHs is greatest in school-age children who typically have the highest burden of infection. In 2001, WHO passed a resolution for the use of large-scale mass drug administration (MDA) to deworm vulnerable children through school based programs. Read More

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https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2379-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286506PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Mitochondrial DNA reveals species composition and phylogenetic relationships of hookworms in northeastern Brazil.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Molecular Systematics, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

Hookworm infection persists focally in rural communities in Brazil. In this study, we analyze the mitochondrial nucleotide sequences obtained from hookworms infecting humans in order to characterize species composition and assess their genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships. Field expeditions and cross-sectional surveys were carried out in three Brazilian municipalities from 2013 to 2017: Nossa Senhora de Nazaré (n = 605) and Teresina (n = 297), in the state of Piauí, and Russas (n = 213) in the State of Ceará. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15671348183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2018.11.018DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Efficacy and safety of ascending dosages of tribendimidine against hookworm infections in children: a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: The global strategy to control soil-transmitted helminthiasis is mainly focused on preventive chemotherapy based on albendazole and mebendazole. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ascending tribendimidine doses against hookworm infections in African school-aged children, key information to be able to include tribendimidine in preventive deworming campaigns.

Methods: We performed a single blind randomized controlled trial in Côte d'Ivoire between June and August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy999DOI Listing
November 2018

Efficacy and safety of a new topical formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner in the treatment and control of natural infections of Ancylostoma tubaeforme and Toxocara cati in cats presented as veterinary patients in the United States.

Vet Parasitol 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Zoetis, Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, 333 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI, 49007, USA.

A new topical formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner (Revolution Plus/Stronghold Plus, Zoetis) was evaluated in the treatment and control of naturally occurring infections of Ancylostoma tubaeforme and Toxocara cati in cats presented as veterinary patients in the United States. Three thousand three hundred three (3303) cats were screened in 25 veterinary practices in 15 states and 153 hookworm-positive cats (A. tubaeforme and/or A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.10.012DOI Listing
November 2018

The public health benefit and burden of mass drug administration programs in Vietnamese schoolchildren: Impact of mebendazole.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Nov 12;12(11):e0006954. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Campus Coupure, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Mass anthelmintic drug administration is recommended in developing countries to address infection by soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH). We quantified the public health benefit of treatment with mebendazole in eight million Vietnamese children aged 5-14 years from 2006 to 2011. This was compared to the environmental impact of the pharmaceutical supply chain of mebendazole, as the resource use and emissions associated with pharmaceutical production can be associated with a public health burden, e. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258429PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Anemia and its association with coffee consumption and hookworm infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 8;13(11):e0206880. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Health Informatics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia in pregnancy is a major public health concern worldwide, especially in developing countries. Thus, there is a need of having current information and local data on the prevalence of anemia and associated factors during pregnancy to help inform preventive programmes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of anemia and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206880PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224100PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

The people behind the samples: Biographical features of Past Hunter-Gatherers from KwaZulu-Natal who yielded aDNA.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Nov 3;24:158-164. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Centre for Anthropological Research, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa.

Purpose: Skeletons sampled for ancient human DNA analysis are sometimes complete enough to provide information about the lives of the people they represent. We focus on three Later Stone Age skeletons, ca. 2000 B. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18799817183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2018.10.008DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Immune-mediated hookworm clearance and survival of a marine mammal decrease with warmer ocean temperatures.

Elife 2018 11 6;7. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, United States.

Increases in ocean temperature are associated with changes in the distribution of fish stocks, and the foraging regimes and maternal attendance patterns of marine mammals. However, it is not well understood how these changes affect offspring health and survival. The maternal attendance patterns and immunity of South American fur seals were assessed in a rookery where hookworm disease is the main cause of pup mortality. Read More

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https://elifesciences.org/articles/38432
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.38432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245726PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Helminth and respiratory mite lesions in Pinnipeds from Punta San Juan, Peru.

Acta Parasitol 2018 Dec;63(4):839-844

Instituto de Patología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Isla Teja s/n, 5090000, Valdivia, Chile.

The tissues and parasites collected from Peruvian fur seals (Arctocephalus australis) and South American sea lions (Otaria byronia) found dead at Punta San Juan, Peru were examined. The respiratory mite, Orthohalarachne attenuata infected 3 out of 32 examined fur seals and 3 out of 8 examined sea lions, however caused moderate to severe lymphohistiocytic pharyngitis only in fur seals. Hookworms, Uncinaria sp, infected 6 of the 32 examined fur seals causing variable degrees of hemorrhagic and eosinophilic enteritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0103DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Haematophagic Caenorhabditis elegans.

Parasitology 2018 Oct 25:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham,Boots Sciences Building,University Park,Nottingham, NG7 2RD,UK.

Caenorhabditis elegans is a free-living nematode that resides in soil and typically feeds on bacteria. We postulate that haematophagic C. elegans could provide a model to evaluate vaccine responses to intestinal proteins from hematophagous nematode parasites, such as Necator americanus. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S003118201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018001518DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

[Current status of human hookworm infection in Jiangxi Province in 2014].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 Jun;30(4):446-448

Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Nanchang 330096, China.

Objective: To understand the status of human hookworm ( or ) infection in Jiangxi Province.

Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling was conducted based on the geographical location and economic condition in 2014. Kato-Katz's thick smear method was used for stool examinations, and filter paper cultivation was conducted for distinguishing the species of hookworms. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence of enteric parasitic infections among people living with HIV in Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 28;30:66. Epub 2018 May 28.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Introduction: Enteric parasitic infections have been increasingly recognized as etiology of life-threatening chronic diarrhea in PLWHA in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the prevalence and burden of intestinal parasitic infection among PLWHA in Abeokuta, southwest Nigeria.

Methods: Freshly passed stool samples were collected from PLWHA. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/66/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.66.13160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191249PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Macrophages promote epithelial proliferation following infectious and non-infectious lung injury through a Trefoil factor 2-dependent mechanism.

Mucosal Immunol 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Coordinated efforts between macrophages and epithelia are considered essential for wound healing, but the macrophage-derived molecules responsible for repair are poorly defined. This work demonstrates that lung macrophages rely upon Trefoil factor 2 to promote epithelial proliferation following damage caused by sterile wounding, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis or Bleomycin sulfate. Unexpectedly, the presence of T, B, or ILC populations was not essential for macrophage-driven repair. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41385-018-0096-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41385-018-0096-2DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

When Technology is Scarce: Assessing Maternal Child Anemia in Rural India.

Authors:
Jane Greene-Ryan

J Pediatr Nurs 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

The World Health Organization estimates that in 2011, the last year for which we have global data, 800 million women and children are anemic. Within the Southeast Asia World Health Region, which includes India, the focus of this article, this accounts for nearly half of the maternal-child population. There are a number of underlying causes of anemia including heomoglobinopathies either inherited or acquired, macronutrient deficiencies, infections such as hookworm infestations, HIV and malaria or diseases such as cancer and malaria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08825963183044
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Modification and optimization of the FECPAKG2 protocol for the detection and quantification of soil-transmitted helminth eggs in human stool.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Oct 15;12(10):e0006655. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Standard diagnosis of human soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections is based on the microscopic detection of helminth eggs in stool and supports programmatic decision making in control programs. However, the current standard diagnostic techniques still show a number of limitations. Recently, the FECPAKG2 method was developed to detect helminth infections and asses drug efficacy in sheep or cattle. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006655
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224113PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to soil contamination by Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2018 Nov 24;3(4):e00075. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

, , and , the four major Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and also infect humans worldwide. Most studies on Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) carried out in Ibadan were faecal examination based while relatively few soil examination based studies were carried out mostly around school premises using limited number of sampling locations. This study was therefore designed to assess the level of soil contamination with STH and associated risk factors in the eleven local government areas of Ibadan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056731183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2018.e00075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171486PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Standardization and application of a modified RFLP-PCR methodology for analysis of polymorphisms linked to treatment resistance in Ancylostoma braziliense.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 9;11(1):540. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Departamento de Parasitologia, L4 237, Laboratório de Parasitologia Molecular, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Avenida Presidente Antônio Carlos, 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, CEP 31270-901, Brazil.

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in codons 167, 198 and 200 of the beta-tubulin isotype 1 gene are associated with benzimidazoles resistance in many helminths. Codon 167 mutation has never been described in hookworms; however, polymorphisms in codons 198 and 200 have been described for Ancylostoma caninum and Necator americanus. These mutations have never been investigated in Ancylostoma braziliense; therefore, it is not known if they are present in this species and whether they are correlated with treatment resistance. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3125-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178248PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Zoonotic Helminth Diseases in Dogs and Dingoes Utilising Shared Resources in an Australian Aboriginal Community.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Oct 8;3(4). Epub 2018 Oct 8.

College of Science and Engineering and Centre for Environmental and Sustainability Science, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia.

The impacts of free-roaming canids (domestic and wild) on public health have long been a concern in Australian Indigenous communities. We investigated the prevalence of zoonotic helminth diseases in dogs and sympatric dingoes, and used radio telemetry to measure their spatial overlap, in an Aboriginal community in the Wet Tropics of Australia. Samples collected from dingoes and dogs showed high levels of infection with the zoonotic hookworm, . Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/4/110
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3040110DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Young Adults in Endemic Areas: An Untreated Group in Need of School-Based Preventive Chemotherapy for Schistosomiasis Control and Elimination.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Sep 5;3(3). Epub 2018 Sep 5.

School of Public Health, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Maseno University, Kisumu 40100 Kenya.

Parasitologic surveys of young adults in college and university settings are not commonly done, even in areas known to be endemic for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths. We have done a survey of 291 students and staff at the Kisumu National Polytechnic in Kisumu, Kenya, using the stool microscopy Kato-Katz (KK) method and the urine point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) test. Based on three stools/two KK slides each, in the 208 participants for whom three consecutive stools were obtained, prevalence was 17. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/3/100
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3030100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160920PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Involvement of Hookworm Co-Infection in the Pathogenesis and Progression of Podoconiosis: Possible Immunological Mechanism.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Mar 26;3(2). Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Surulere P.M.B 12003, Lagos 100254, Nigeria.

Podoconiosis is an endemic, non-infectious, geochemical and non-filarial inflammatory cause of tropical elephantiasis. The immunology of podoconiosis is not yet expressly understood. In spite of this, co-infection and co-morbidity with the infectious, soil-transmitted hookworm disease that causes iron deficiency anemia has been found to be predominant among affected individuals living in co-endemic settings, thus creating a more complex immunological interplay that still has not been investigated. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/2/37
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3020037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073219PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Defining stopping criteria for ending randomized clinical trials that investigate the interruption of transmission of soil-transmitted helminths employing mass drug administration.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Oct 1;12(10):e0006864. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

The DeWorm3 Project, The Natural History Museum of London, London, United Kingdom.

The current World Health Organization strategy to address soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children is based on morbidity control through routine deworming of school and pre-school aged children. However, given that transmission continues to occur as a result of persistent reservoirs of infection in untreated individuals (including adults) and in the environment, in many settings such a strategy will need to be continued for very extended periods of time, or until social, economic and environmental conditions result in interruption of transmission. As a result, there is currently much discussion surrounding the possibility of accelerating the interruption of transmission using alternative strategies of mass drug administration (MDA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006864DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181437PMC
October 2018
1 Read

A Survey of Intestinal Parasites of Domestic Dogs in Central Queensland.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Nov 21;2(4). Epub 2017 Nov 21.

School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, North Rockhampton, QSD 4702, Australia.

Australia has a very high rate of dog ownership, which in some circumstances may lead to exposure to zoonotic parasitic diseases from those companion animals. Domestic dog faecal samples ( = 300) were collected from public spaces and private property in the greater Rockhampton (Central Queensland) region and tested for intestinal helminths and protozoa by direct microscopy, two flotation methods and a modified acid-fast stain for cryptosporidia. Intestinal parasites detected included hookworms (25%), complex (9%), (3%), (3%), (1%) and (1%), spp. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/2/4/60
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082058PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Schistosoma mansoni-Associated Morbidity among Preschool-Aged Children along the Shores of Lake Victoria in Uganda.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Nov 5;2(4). Epub 2017 Nov 5.

Parasitology and Aquatic Pathobiology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

causes morbidity in human beings, with the highest prevalence in rural sub-Saharan Africa. Prolonged infection with egg deposition in intestinal blood vessels leads to liver and spleen enlargement, and thus chronic morbidity. The objective of this study was to assess whether preschool-aged children develop severe -related morbidity. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/2/4/58
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082064PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Tropical Australia and Asia.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Oct 23;2(4). Epub 2017 Oct 23.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland 4006, Australia.

Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infect 2 billion people worldwide including significant numbers in South-East Asia (SEA). In Australia, STH are of less concern; however, indigenous communities are endemic for STH, including , as well as for serious clinical infections due to other helminths such as spp. The zoonotic hookworm is also present in Australia and SEA, and may contribute to human infections particularly among pet owners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082059PMC
October 2017
1 Read

Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Children in a Remote Aboriginal Community in the Northern Territory: Hookworm is Rare but Strongyloides stercoralis and Trichuris trichiura Persist.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Oct 4;2(4). Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin NT 0811, Australia.

(1) Background: soil-transmitted helminths are a problem worldwide, largely affecting disadvantaged populations. The little data available indicates high rates of infection in some remote Aboriginal communities in Australia. Studies of helminths were carried out in the same remote community in the Northern Territory in 1994⁻1996 and 2010⁻2011; (2) Methods: fecal samples were collected from children aged <10 years and examined for helminths by direct smear microscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082063PMC
October 2017
1 Read

Poverty, Dietary Intake, Intestinal Parasites, and Nutritional Status among School-Age Children in the Rural Philippines.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Sep 21;2(4). Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia.

Intestinal helminths are endemic throughout the Philippines; however, there is limited evidence with respect to their prevalence, intensity, and impact on children's nutritional status. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 693 children from five rural villages in Northern Samar, the Philippines. Data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and intestinal parasites were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2040049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082057PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Intestinal parasite infections and associated risk factors among schoolchildren in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts, Nepal: a cross-sectional study.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 29;11(1):532. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Infections with soil-transmitted helminths and pathogenic intestinal protozoa pose a considerable public health burden, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, including Nepal. We assessed the extent of intestinal parasite infections among schoolchildren in two districts of Nepal and determined underlying risk factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March and May 2015 in the districts of Dolakha and Ramechhap, Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3105-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162948PMC
September 2018
5 Reads
3.430 Impact Factor

Contamination of selected recreational areas in Lublin Province, Eastern Poland, by eggs of Toxocara spp., Ancylostoma spp. and Trichuris spp.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2018 Sep 8;25(3):460-463. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Biological Threats of Health and Parasitology, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction: While using recreational areas, people take with them accompanying animals (dogs, cats). These animals are the main source and reservoir of dangerous zoonoses, including parasitoses caused by genera of nematodes, also called roundworms, Toxocara spp., Trichuris spp. Read More

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http://www.journalssystem.com/aaem/Contamination-of-selected
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/92252DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of intestinal parasites versus knowledge, attitude and practices (KAPs) with special emphasis to Schistosoma mansoni among individuals who have river water contact in Addiremets town, Western Tigray, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 25;13(9):e0204259. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Leishmaniasis Research Laboratory, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Intestinal parasite infections are major public health problems in resource-limited countries that adversely affect the well-being of millions. Among these, intestinal schistosomiasis is a serious public health problem in tropical and sub-tropical countries.

Methods: A Community based cross sectional study was conducted from February to April 2017 in Addiremets town, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204259PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6155513PMC
September 2018
3 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Minutes to midnight: Turning back the Doomsday Clock through neglected disease vaccine diplomacy.

Authors:
Peter J Hotez

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 20;12(9):e0006676. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Texas Children's Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, Departments of Pediatrics, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147429PMC
September 2018

Development and Evaluation of a Multiplex Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Hookworm Species in Human Stool.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov;99(5):1186-1193

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.

Hookworm disease caused by , , and affects half a billion people worldwide. The prevalence and intensity of infection of individual hookworm species are vital for assessing morbidity and generating targeted intervention programs for their control. The present study aims to evaluate a multiplex real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay to determine the prevalence and egg intensity of all three hookworm species and compare this with standard microscopy and published genus-based conventional and real-time multiplex qPCRs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0276DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221243PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

PCR-RFLP screening of polymorphisms associated with benzimidazole resistance in Necator americanus and Ascaris lumbricoides from different geographical regions in Brazil.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 17;12(9):e0006766. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Departament of Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus are soil-transmitted parasites with global geographic distribution, and they represent some of the most common and neglected infections in the world. Periodic treatment with mass drug administration (MDA) in endemic areas is the recommended action put forth by the World Health Organization. However, MDA can cause the selection of subpopulations that possess the genetic ability to overcome the mechanism of drug action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006766DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141064PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors for hookworm infections among primary schoolchildren in rural areas of Nakhon Si Thammarat, southern Thailand.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 14;18(1):1118. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Nopphitam Hospital, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most common type of infections worldwide and are widely distributed in tropical areas. In rural areas of southern Thailand where most land is used for agriculture, children are at risk of acquiring parasites, especially STHs. Assessing the current situation regarding parasitic infection in these areas is a prerequisite for developing appropriate control measures. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6023-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137929PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

The impact of intensive versus standard anthelminthic treatment on allergy-related outcomes, helminth infection intensity and helminth-related morbidity in Lake Victoria fishing communities, Uganda: results from the LaVIISWA cluster randomised trial.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Sep 8. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Immunomodulation and Vaccines Programme, Medical Research Council/ Uganda Virus Research Institute and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe, Uganda.

Background: Allergy-related disease is increasing in low-income countries. Parasitic helminths, common in these settings, may be protective. We hypothesised that intensive community-wide anthelminthic mass drug administration (MDA) would increase allergy-related diseases, while reducing helminth-related morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy761DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of soil-transmitted helminths in India.

Indian J Med Res 2018 06;147(6):533-544

Wellcome Trust Research Laboratory, Division of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections continue to be a major global cause of morbidity, with a large proportion of the burden of STH infections occurring in India. In addition to direct health impacts of these infections, including anaemia and nutritional deficiencies in children, these infections also significantly impact economic development, as a result of delays in early childhood cognitive development and future income earning potential. The current World Health Organization strategy for STH is focused on morbidity control through the application of mass drug administration to all pre-school-aged and school-aged children. Read More

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http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2018/147/6/533/239939
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_881_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6118140PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

Prevalence of Atopy following Mass Drug Administration with Albendazole: A Study in School Children on Flores Island, Indonesia.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018;177(3):192-198. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background: In many rural areas of tropical countries such as Indonesia, the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections remains high. At the same time, the burden of allergic disorders in such rural areas is reported to be low and inversely associated with helminth infections. To reduce the morbidity and transmission of helminth infections, the world health organization recommends preventive treatment of school children by providing mass drug administration (MDA) with albendazole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490952DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Impact of community-based integrated mass drug administration on schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth prevalence in Togo.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 08 20;12(8):e0006551. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

National Program for the Integrated Control of NTDs, Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Lomé, Togo.

Background: Togo has conducted annual, integrated, community-based mass drug administration (MDA) for soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and schistosomiasis since 2010. Treatment frequency and target populations are determined by disease prevalence, as measured by baseline surveys in 2007 and 2009, and WHO guidelines. Reported programmatic treatment coverage has averaged over 94%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124778PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Prevalence, intensity and factors associated with soil-transmitted helminths infections among preschool-age children in Hoima district, rural western Uganda.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Aug 17;18(1):408. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Over 80% of morbidity due to soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) occurs in low-income countries. Children under 5 account for 20-30% of the burden in endemic areas. This study assessed the prevalence, intensity and factors associated with STH infections among preschool-age children (PSAC) in Hoima district, Uganda. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3289-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098587PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

INTESTINAL PARASITES, NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ILE-IFE, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):21-28. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.

Background: Intestinal parasites are a cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world particularly in developing countries and they are common health problems of children. This study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children, assessed risk factors predisposing to infection and the nutritional status with cognitive function of the pupils.

Materials And Methods: It was a cross sectional study and 384 pupils from six public primary schools in Ile-Ife were enrolled. Read More

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http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085742PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Soil-transmitted helminth infections, anemia and undernutrition among schoolchildren in Yirgacheffee, South Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Aug 13;11(1):585. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Objective: Current data on soil-transmitted helminth infections, anemia and malnutrition that are largely neglected is vital to the control and management of them in a specific setting. This study was, therefore, aimed at determining the status of the three health concerns in one of the high-risk groups, schoolchildren, in South Ethiopia.

Results: Among the 443 sampled schoolchildren, 54% were infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3679-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090612PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Active screening of gastrointestinal helminth infection in migrant workers in Thailand.

J Int Med Res 2018 Nov 7;46(11):4560-4568. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

1 Parasitic Disease Research Center, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand.

Objective: This study aimed to detect gastrointestinal helminth infection in migrant workers in Thailand.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in 403 migrant workers in the factories of Nakhon Ratchasima Province, northeastern Thailand during October 2016 to June 2017. Gastrointestinal helminth infections were detected by the formalin ether acetate concentration technique and microscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518786911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259399PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Schistosoma haematobium effects on Plasmodium falciparum infection modified by soil-transmitted helminths in school-age children living in rural areas of Gabon.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 08 6;12(8):e0006663. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Centre de Recherche Médicales de Lambaréné (CERMEL) and African Partner Institution, German Center for Infection Research, Lambaréné, Gabon.

Background: Malaria burden remains high in the sub-Saharan region where helminths are prevalent and where children are often infected with both types of parasites. Although the effect of helminths on malaria infection is evident, the impact of these co-infections is not clearly elucidated yet and the scarce findings are conflicting. In this study, we investigated the effect of schistosomiasis, considering soil-transmitted helminths (STH), on prevalence and incidence of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Read More

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https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006663
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6095623PMC
August 2018
51 Reads

Global output of research on epidermal parasitic skin diseases from 1967 to 2017.

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Aug 6;7(1):74. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) occur in most countries and cause a considerable health and economic burden, particularly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to assess and analyse peer-reviewed literature on EPSD in humans. The results of this study serve as an indicator of the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0456-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091169PMC
August 2018
5 Reads
2 Citations

Are schoolchildren less infected if they have good knowledge about parasitic worms? A case study from rural Côte d'Ivoire.

BMC Public Health 2018 Aug 2;18(1):951. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Parasitic worms (helminths) are common infections in low- and middle-income countries. For most helminth species, school-aged children are at highest risk of infection and morbidity, such as impaired cognitive and physical development. Preventive chemotherapy is the current mainstay for helminthiases control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5776-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090757PMC
August 2018
6 Reads
2.264 Impact Factor

The life history strategy of a fur seal hookworm in relation to pathogenicity and host health status.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2018 Dec 7;7(3):251-260. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, 501 DW Brooks Dr, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.

The strategies that parasites use to exploit their hosts can lead to adverse effects on human and animal populations. Here, we describe the life cycle, epidemiology, and consequences of hookworm () disease in South American fur seals (), and propose that hookworm adaptation to fur seal life history traits has led to maximizing transmission at high levels of parasite-induced anemia and mortality. Fur seal pups acquire hookworms during their first days of life through their mothers' colostrum and most adult hookworms are expelled from the pups' intestine 30-65 days later. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22132244183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2018.07.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6067062PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Hookworm exposure decreases human papillomavirus uptake and cervical cancer cell migration through systemic regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition marker expression.

Sci Rep 2018 Aug 1;8(1):11547. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.

Persistent infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for nearly all new cervical cancer cases worldwide. In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), infection with helminths has been linked to increased HPV prevalence. As the incidence of cervical cancer rises in helminth endemic regions, it is critical to understand the interaction between exposure to helminths and the progression of cervical cancer. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-30058-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30058-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070561PMC
August 2018
9 Reads