30,571 results match your criteria Homosexuality


From to sexual perversions.

Hist Psychiatry 2020 Jun 30:957154X20937254. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Maastricht University (external PhD program), Netherlands.

A conceptual evolution is traceable from early modern classifications of (execrable lust) to early nineteenth-century allusions to 'perversion of the sexual instinct', via pluralizing notions of in Martin Schurig's work, and of in seventeenth- through late eighteenth-century legal medicine. Johann Valentin Müller's early breakdown of various unnatural penchants seemingly inspired similar lists in works by Johann Christoph Fahner and Johann Josef Bernt, and ultimately Heinrich Kaan. This allows an ante-dating of the 'specification of the perverted' (Foucault) often located in the late nineteenth century, and appreciation of pygmalionism and necrophilia as instances of 'perverted sexual instinct'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0957154X20937254DOI Listing

Reconsidering .

J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2020 Jun 25:3065120932170. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Previous considerations of Freud's 1910 pathography of Leonardo da Vinci have grappled mainly with errors of fact (among them a mistranslation in the study's signature childhood memory, widely known since the 1950s). Here a more consequential flaw is examined: Freud's fatefully pathogenic framing of Leonardo's homosexuality. While few present-day analysts share that perspective in its entirety, Freud's complex and plausible reconstruction drew wide support in the literature for more than a century and has to date never been subjected to rigorous critique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003065120932170DOI Listing

Meningococcal disease and sexual transmission: urogenital and anorectal infections and invasive disease due to Neisseria meningitidis.

Lancet 2020 06;395(10240):1865-1877

Immunisation and Countermeasures Division, Public Health England, London, UK.

Neisseria meningitidis is an obligate human commensal bacterium that frequently colonises the upper respiratory tract. Person-to-person transmission occurs via direct contact or through dispersion of respiratory droplets from a carrier of the bacteria, and can lead to invasive meningococcal disease. Rare sporadic cases of meningococcal urogenital and anorectal infections, including urethritis, proctitis, and cervicitis, have been reported, typically following orogenital contact with an oropharyngeal meningococcal carrier. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30913-2DOI Listing

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Jimma Teacher Training College Students Toward Risky Sexual Behaviors, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Sex Med 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: College students represent the huge section of teenagers in Ethiopia, and a growing number of them practice unsafe sex and hence face unwanted sexual health outcomes. Despite this, little has been explored about the college students' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) in the study area. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and the practice of Jimma teacher training college students toward RSBs, Jimma town, southwest Ethiopia, in 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2020.04.006DOI Listing

Prevalence of self-harm among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescents: a comparison of personal and social adversity with a heterosexual sample in Ghana.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jun 3;13(1):271. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Objectives: We sought to estimate the prevalence of self-reported self-harm among adolescents identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) in Ghana, and compare self-reported personal and social adversities related to self-harm in this group to those in a random sample of heterosexual adolescents from the same locality.

Results: A total of 444 adolescents aged 13-21 years, comprising 74 LGBT adolescents and 370 heterosexual adolescents, provided data. The lifetime prevalence estimate of self-harm was higher in the LGBT group (47%) than the heterosexual group (23%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05111-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271418PMC

Did Prosociality Drive the Evolution of Homosexuality?

Authors:
Severi Luoto

Arch Sex Behav 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

English, Drama and Writing Studies, University of Auckland, 1010, Auckland, New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-020-01749-0DOI Listing

Sexual partner preference in animals and humans.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2020 May 22;115:34-47. Epub 2020 May 22.

GIGA Neurosciences, University of Liège, Belgium. Electronic address:

Sex differences in brain and behavior of animals including humans result from an interaction between biological and environmental influences. This is also true for the differences between men and women concerning sexual orientation. Sexual differentiation is mediated by three groups of biological mechanisms: early actions of sex steroids, more direct actions of sex-specific genes not mediated by gonadal sex steroids and epigenetic mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.03.024DOI Listing

[Study on HIV testing behavior among men who have sex with men based on structural equation model].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2020 May;41(5):758-763

Wuxi City Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuxi 214023, China.

To analyze HIV testing behaviors and associated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) and provide evidence for making intervention on promoting HIV testing. Our observational study was conducted between April and June, 2018 in Wuxi, Jiangsu province in MSM. A self-completed questionnaire was used to collect the information about their socio-demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors, acceptance of intervention services, psychological status and HIV testing behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20190702-00485DOI Listing

[Cost-effectiveness of HIV self-testing strategy in men who have sex with men].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2020 May;41(5):753-757

Department of AIDS Control and Prevention, Zhuhai City Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhuhai 519060, China.

To analyze the cost-effectiveness and willingness-to-pay of HIV self-testing (HIVST) strategy and facility-based HIV rapid testing (HIV-RDT) strategy in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Zhuhai, and provide scientific evidence for making health policy. From the perspective of health service providers, the data of the costs and effectiveness of two HIV testing strategies in MSM in Zhuhai during January-September 2019 were collected, and a decision-tree model of cohort of 10 000 MSM was constructed by using software TreeAge Pro 2019 to measure the cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). One-way and probability sensitivity analysis was performed for the uncertainty of the parameters in the model, and the cost-effectiveness and affordability curve was introduced to estimate the affordability of two strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20191231-00926DOI Listing

Emerging and Reemerging Sexually Transmitted Infections.

N Engl J Med 2020 05;382(21):2023-2032

From the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, and the Department of Microbiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital (D.A.W.), and Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, and Central Clinical School, Monash University (M.Y.C.) - all in Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1907194DOI Listing

HIV-1 recombinant forms in immigrants regularly residing in Milan, northern Italy.

Infection 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Laboratory Clinical Science, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy.

To assess the HIV -1subtypes distribution in HIV-1 positive migrants living in Milan we studied 77 HIV-1 patients followed at the San Raffaele Hospital of Milan. Twenty subjects were born in Europe, 43 in the Americas, 10 in Africa and 4 in Asia. Unsafe heterosexual activity prevailed in migrants born in Africa and male homosexuality in those born in European, American and Asian countries (p = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-020-01434-3DOI Listing

Using Scenarios for Measuring the Affective and Behavioral Components of Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men: Validation of the SABA Scale.

Arch Sex Behav 2020 Jul 6;49(5):1645-1669. Epub 2020 May 6.

Faculty of Psychology: Social, Environmental, and Economic Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Campus Landau, Fortstraße 7, 76829, Landau in der Pfalz, Germany.

Attitude-change research requires sound attitude measures adequately predicting behavior. Most existing attitude measures focus on the cognitive (and some on the affective) attitude component (while neglecting the behavioral component). The present research introduces the SABA, a brief scale that consists of Scenarios measuring the Affective and Behavioral components of Attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-020-01653-7DOI Listing

Factors influencing uptake, continuation, and discontinuation of oral PrEP among clients at sex worker and MSM facilities in South Africa.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(4):e0228620. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: South Africa became the first country in Africa to introduce oral PrEP in June 2016. The National Department of Health has used a phased approach to rollout, allowing for a dynamic learn-and-adapt process which will lead ultimately to scale-up. Phased rollout began with provision of oral PrEP at facilities providing services to sex workers in 2016 and was expanded in 2017, first to facilities providing services to MSM and then to students at selected university campus clinics, followed by provision at primary health care facilities. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0228620PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7192496PMC

Characterizing the Impact of COVID-19 on Men Who Have Sex with Men Across the United States in April, 2020.

AIDS Behav 2020 Jul;24(7):2024-2032

Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is reinforcing health inequities among vulnerable populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM). We conducted a rapid online survey (April 2 to April 13, 2020) of COVID-19 related impacts on the sexual health of 1051 US MSM. Many participants had adverse impacts to general wellbeing, social interactions, money, food, drug use and alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02894-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189633PMC

Natural presence of the V179D and K103R/V179D mutations associated with resistance to nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in HIV-1 CRF65_cpx strains.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Apr 28;20(1):313. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of AIDS Research, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, 100071, China.

Background: There is increasing evidence that HIV-1 genetic diversity can have an impact on drug resistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the epidemiological situation of CRF65_cpx and the impact of natural polymorphisms of this variant on genotypic resistance.

Methods: We used the BLAST search program followed by phylogenetic analysis to identify additional CRF65_cpx pol sequences from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05007-5DOI Listing

[Characteristics of newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Henan province, 2010-2018].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2020 Apr;41(4):532-536

Institute of AIDS/STD Prevention and Treatment, Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 450016, China.

To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Henan province during 2010-2018, and to provide theoretical evidence for strategies on prevention and control. Information about newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Henan between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2018 were collected from the National Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Information System. Excel 2010 and software SPSS 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20190929-00712DOI Listing

Prevalence of by anatomical site in men who have sex with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sex Transm Infect 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To systematically review and appraise published data, to determine the prevalence of (MG) in men who have sex with men (MSM) tested at each anatomical site, that is, at the urethra, rectum and/or pharynx.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data Sources: Ovid Medline, PubMed, Embase were searched for articles from 1st January 1981 (the year MG was first identified) to 1st June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2019-054310DOI Listing

Are migration routes disease transmission routes? Understanding Hepatitis and HIV transmission amongst undocumented Pakistani migrants and asylum seekers in a Parisian suburb.

Anthropol Med 2020 Apr 27:1-17. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

University Hospitals Paris-Seine-Saint-Denis, CHU Avicenne, Bobigny, France.

Drawing on hospital-based interviews and fieldwork in a deprived Parisian suburb, this paper analyses the spatio-temporal dynamics of risk, exposure, and mobilities in individual stories of undocumented Pakistani male migrants, and asylum seekers-receiving treatment for single and combined diagnoses of HIV, and Hepatitis C and B. Inviting alignments with the 'sexual' turn in mobility studies, it prioritises the interface of all-male undocumented migration, mobility, sexuality, and homosociality in circumscribing disease transmission geneaologies. It questions the extent to which illegal migration routes are transmission routes, and risk environments assume different levels of intensity in everyday life in Pakistan, during the journey, and in France. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13648470.2019.1695170DOI Listing

Perceived Attitudes Toward Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) Issues and Mental Health Among Taiwanese LGB Adults: The Mediating Role of Self-Acceptance.

Arch Sex Behav 2020 Jul 26;49(5):1671-1682. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung, 80708, Taiwan.

Research on structural stigma has associated the poor mental health status among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people with discriminatory institutions. Yet, less is known about the role of LGB adults' perceptions of social attitudes toward LGB issues. Moreover, the psychological mediation framework posits LGB people's self-acceptance as a mediator between a stigmatizing environment and individual mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-020-01686-yDOI Listing

Pre-exposure prophylaxis, a new approach for HIV prevention: experience from the HIV Center of the Military University Hospital Prague.

Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol 2020 ;69(1):38-41

Aims: To present our experience with pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) at the HIV Center of the Military University Hospital Prague, to characterize a set of PrEP candidates, to assess the efficiency and safety of PrEP and to measure the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the studied cohort.

Material And Methods: In total, 99 PrEP candidates (98 men who have sex with men and one woman) were monitored during an 18-month period. An initial examination included acquiring a history, performing a physical examination, screening for HIV (serology) and other STDs and performing renal function tests. Read More

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Uptake and willingness to use PrEP among Chinese gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men with experience of sexualized drug use in the past year.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Apr 22;20(1):299. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Centre for Health Behaviours Research, JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Sexualized drug use (SDU) refers to use of any psychoactive substance before/during sexual intercourse. Chemsex is a subset of SDU, which is defined as the use of some specific psychoactive substances (methamphetamine, mephedrone, γ-hydroxybutyrate, ketamine and cocaine) before/during sexual intercourse. SDU and chemsex are prevalent among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05024-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178573PMC

COVID-19 in patients with HIV: clinical case series.

Lancet HIV 2020 05 15;7(5):e314-e316. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Infectious Diseases Service, Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Villarroel, 170. 08036 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30111-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7159872PMC

[Needs of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV infection and related barriers among men who have sex with men].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2020 Mar;41(3):343-348

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.

To understand the actual needs for the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV infection and the factors hindering PrEP utilization in men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants were recruited by using MSM social application software Blued 6.5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2020.03.012DOI Listing

HIV risk behavior and HIV testing among rural and urban men who have sex with men in Zhejiang Province, China: A respondent-driven sampling study.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(4):e0231026. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Currently, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sentinel surveillance among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China conducted in large and medium-sized cities, and no HIV sentinel surveillance conducted in rural areas. HIV testing and intervention is predominantly conducted in urban areas, there have been a limited number of studies in rural areas MSM, it is necessary to conduct the investigation of HIV risk sexual behavior, HIV testing among rural and urban MSM.

Method: Between December 2013 and August 2015, a cross-sectional study was conducted in rural and urban areas in Zhejiang Province using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231026PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7117739PMC
July 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

Understanding prejudice of psychic suffering individuals about sexuality.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 30;73(2):e20190270. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to understand the conceptions of individuals in psychological distress about their sexuality.

Methods: qualitative study held at a Psychosocial Care Center. Fifteen people assisted in the service participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0270DOI Listing

Sexual Orientation in Individuals With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: A Systematic Review.

Front Behav Neurosci 2020 13;14:38. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic condition of the steroidogenic enzymes in the adrenal cortex normally leading to variable degrees of cortisol and aldosterone deficiency as well as androgen excess. Exposure to androgens prenatally might lead to ambiguous genitalia. The fetal brain develops in traditional male direction through a direct action of androgens on the developing nerve cells, or in the traditional female direction in the absence of androgens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2020.00038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082355PMC

[Correlation of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccines with male reproductive health].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2019 Aug;25(8):749-753

Department of Urology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, China.

HPV is a very common virus worldwide spread by direct contact and involved in male reproductive health-related diseases such as infertility, condyloma acuminatum, and penile cancer. The development of HPV vaccines has contributed to the effective prevention of various subtypes of HPV and protection of males from HPV infection, especially the partners of HPV-positive females, the men who have sex with men, and those with a psychological fear of HPV infection. Therefore, HPV vaccines play an important role in the protection of males. Read More

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PrEP finally approved on NHS in England.

Authors:
Tony Kirby

Lancet 2020 03;395(10229):1025

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30720-0DOI Listing

[Influence of online social software on HIV transmission among men who have sex with men].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2019 Apr;25(5):360-364

Faculty of Epidemiology, Navy Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

The prevention and control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is important for public health. Sexual contact transmission has replaced blood transmission as a major route of HIV transmission in China. The incidence of HIV infection increased significantly among young men who have sex with men (MSM). Read More

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Examination of multilevel domains of minority stress: Implications for drug use and mental and physical health among Latina women who have sex with women and men.

PLoS One 2020 26;15(3):e0230437. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.

There has recently been growing attention and concern in the U.S. on the detrimental drug use and related health conditions impacting diverse sexual minority populations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0230437PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098621PMC

: success and stigma following release of the first sex-positive PrEP public health campaign.

Cult Health Sex 2020 Mar 26:1-17. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective yet under-utilised method for preventing HIV transmission in high-risk groups. Despite ongoing social marketing to increase PrEP awareness, few studies have evaluated public responses. This paper contextualises negative responses to Chicago's PrEP4Love campaign. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2020.1715482DOI Listing

Strategies for inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual (LGBTQIA+) education throughout pharmacy school curricula.

Pharm Pract (Granada) 2020 Jan-Mar;18(1):1862. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

PharmD, BCACP. School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University. Richmond, VA (United States).

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and others (LGBTQIA+) patients face stigma and barriers to health care, including a lack of health care professionals' knowledge and confidence in treating this patient population. Pharmacists are in prime position to decrease this health disparity. United States pharmacy schools have limited LGBTQIA+ content, continuing the concern of recent graduates without knowledge and confidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2020.1.1862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7075428PMC

Resilience and pathways to wellness among HIV-positive patients in Ghana: a qualitative study.

Afr J AIDS Res 2020 Mar;19(1):69-79

Brown University Schools of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Few African studies have focused on resilience factors related to engagement in HIV-related care among people living with HIV; instead, many studies have identified health risk factors and barriers within this population. Informed by the Disability-Stress-Coping Model of Adjustment, a qualitative study was conducted to develop a better understanding of psychosocial factors that can promote positive behaviours and subjective wellness for people living with HIV in Accra, Ghana. Thirty patients from the two largest HIV clinics in Accra participated in in-depth individual interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/16085906.2019.1686034DOI Listing

Preference about Laws for the Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in Taiwanese People Before and After Same-Sex Marriage Referenda: A Facebook Survey Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 03 18;17(6). Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi City 60002, Taiwan.

This study examined the factors related to the preference about laws to legalize same-sex relationships in participants of the first wave of a survey (Wave 1, 23 months before the same-sex marriage referendum) and the second wave of a survey (Wave 2, 1 week after the same-sex marriage referendum) in Taiwan. The data of 3286 participants in Wave 1 and 1370 participants in Wave 2 recruited through a Facebook advertisement were analyzed. Each participant completed an online questionnaire assessing their attitude toward the legal recognition of same-sex relationships, preference about laws to legalize same-sex relationships (establishing same-sex couple laws outside the Civil Code vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7142610PMC
March 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

"Do I need to or do I want to?" A typology of HIV status disclosure among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men.

AIDS Care 2020 05 19;32(sup2):142-147. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK.

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are a key population that is disproportionately affected by HIV. However, few studies have explored how and why disclosure of HIV status occurs in this population. To understand disclosure in the context of other socioecological factors, we conducted a qualitative study among 24 self-identified HIV-positive GBMSM, aged 21 and above, and who were Singaporean residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1742865DOI Listing

Are PrEP services in France reaching all those exposed to HIV who want to take PrEP? MSM respondents who are eligible but not using PrEP (EMIS 2017).

AIDS Care 2020 05 19;32(sup2):47-56. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Community-based Research Laboratory, Coalition PLUS, Pantin, France.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is fully reimbursed by the French health insurance system since 2016. However, uptake of PrEP is slower than expected and little is known about men who have sex with men (MSM) who are eligible for PrEP according to French guidelines, but not using it. This study aims to (1) assess and describe MSM that are eligible to PrEP but not using it, and (2) identify potential individual and structural barriers of PrEP uptake among eligible MSM who are aware and intend to take PrEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1739219DOI Listing

Homosexuality and biomarkers of aging in the production of gerontological knowledge by American, British, and Brazilian authors.

Cad Saude Publica 2020 13;36(3):e00222618. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

This study reviewed articles originated in Brazil, in the United Kingdom, and in the United States from 1970 to September 2018 in the Web of Science database. Text mining techniques were used, and a predominantly qualitative analysis was performed, including correspondence analysis and sentiment analysis using the R Software (version 3.5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00222618DOI Listing

Research on alcohol and other drug (AOD) use among sexual minority women: A global scoping review.

PLoS One 2020 18;15(3):e0229869. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States of America.

Until the 1980s, the limited research on alcohol and other drug (AOD) use among sexual minority women (SMW) focused on alcohol and used samples recruited from gay bars, resulting in inflated estimates of hazardous drinking. Over the past several decades the number of AOD studies with SMW has increased dramatically. To characterize this literature, we conducted a scoping review to answer the following questions: What do we know, and what are the gaps in research about AOD use among SMW? We searched multiple electronic databases (Medline [PubMed], CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Web of Science) for peer-reviewed research articles about AOD use among adult SMW published between January 1, 2000 and May 31, 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0229869PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7080264PMC

A method yielding comparable estimates of the fraternal birth order and female fecundity effects in male homosexuality.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 03 18;287(1923):20192907. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The fraternal birth order effect (FBOE) is the finding that older brothers increase the probability of homosexuality in later-born males, and the female fecundity effect (FFE) is the finding that the mothers of homosexual males produce more offspring than the mothers of heterosexual males. In a recent paper, Khovanova proposed a novel method for computing independent estimates of these effects on the same samples and expressing the magnitude and direction of the effects in the same metric. In her procedure, only families with one or two sons are examined, and daughters are ignored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.2907DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7126035PMC

Low willingness to pay for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China.

BMC Public Health 2020 Mar 16;20(1):337. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an HIV prevention strategy for key populations, in particular men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the willingness to pay market rate for PrEP is largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the willingness to pay for PrEP and its associated factors among MSM living in Mainland China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08488-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7077166PMC

A Qualitative Exploration of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Initiation Decision-Making Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): "It Definitely was a Process".

Authors:
Portia D Thomas

J Natl Black Nurses Assoc 2019 Dec;30(2):10-17

Mercer University College of Nursing, Atlanta, GA.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the first biomedical regimen approved to significantly reduce HIV transmission risk. Men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the South represent one of the most HIV-vulnerable populations; however, PrEP initiation is slow in this demographic. The factors leading to clients' decisions to initiate PrEP are relatively unknown. Read More

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December 2019

How PrEP users constitute a community in the MSM population through their specific experience and management of stigmatization. The example of the French ANRS-PREVENIR study.

AIDS Care 2020 05 16;32(sup2):32-39. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

GRePS, Lyon 2 University, Lyon, France.

The ANRS-PREVENIR (2017-2020) prospective cohort study aims to reduce the number of new HIV infections in the "Ile-de-France" region in France, by enrolling individuals at high risk of HIV infection and proposing daily and on-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The qualitative component of the ANRS-PREVENIR study aimed to investigate social and relational evolutions associated with PrEP use in men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2018, 12 focus groups with MSM ( = 68) were conducted by a social sciences researcher in Paris. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1742863DOI Listing

Are we on the precipice of a new epidemic? Risk for hepatitis C among HIV-negative men-, trans women-, and trans men- who have sex with men in the United States.

AIDS Care 2020 05 15;32(sup2):74-82. Epub 2020 Mar 15.

CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY, USA.

Emerging data from Europe have documented increases in diagnoses of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among HIV-negative men who have sex with men. We investigated risk factors for HCV and their correlates in the study, a U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1739204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7312766PMC

"He Gave Us the Cornerstone of Sexual Medicine": A Nobel Plan but No Nobel Prize for Eugen Steinach.

Urol Int 2020 Mar 13:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department for the History, Philosophy, and Ethics of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

This paper reviews the files in the archive of the Nobel Prize Committee for Physiology or Medicine on the Austrian physiologist and pioneering researcher in the emerging fields of urology and sexual medicine: Eugen Steinach (1861-1944). It reconstructs and analyzes why and by whom Steinach was nominated for the Nobel Prize between 1920 and 1938 and discusses the reasons why he never received the award, although the Nobel Committee judged him as prizeworthy. Steinach's Nobel nominee career is extraordinary - not only because of his strong support by renowned international nominators from different scientific and medical disciplines, but also because of the controversial discussions within the Nobel Committee on his achievements, colored by the debates in the international scientific community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506235DOI Listing

Immunity to hepatitis A among men who have sex with men attending a large sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia, 2012-2018.

Sex Transm Infect 2020 06 13;96(4):265-270. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Outbreaks of hepatitis A are being reported more commonly among men who have sex with men (MSM) globally. Australia has also reported a sharp increase in the number of cases of hepatitis A in 2017. This study aimed to determine the level of immunity to hepatitis A among MSM attending a large urban sexual health clinic in Victoria in the lead up to recent outbreak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2019-054327DOI Listing

Sustained HIV viral suppression among men who have sex with men in the Miami-Dade County Ryan White Program: the effect of demographic, psychosocial, provider and neighborhood factors.

BMC Public Health 2020 Mar 13;20(1):326. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

Background: HIV viral suppression is associated with health benefits for people living with HIV and a decreased risk of HIV transmission to others. The objective was to identify demographic, psychosocial, provider and neighborhood factors associated with sustained viral suppression among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men.

Methods: Data from adult men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in the Miami-Dade County Ryan White Program (RWP) before 2017 were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8442-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7069036PMC

Social network intervention to increase pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness, interest, and use among African American men who have sex with men.

AIDS Care 2020 05 13;32(sup2):40-46. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR), Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

In the U.S., HIV incidence is highest among Black men who have sex with men (MSM) but PrEP uptake is low, in part due to lack of normative support for using PrEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1739207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165060PMC

Stigma in psychiatry seen through the lens of sexuality and gender.

Authors:
Michael King

BJPsych Int 2019 Nov;16(4):77-80

Primary Care Psychiatry, Division of Psychiatry, Faculty of Brain Sciences, and PRIMENT Clinical Trials Unit, University College London, B Wing, 6th Floor, Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 7NF, UK. Email:

The history of psychiatry and homosexuality illuminates how stigma develops in the professions, how it is linked to cultural values and religious attitudes and how it affects patients. Homosexuality was medicalised as a disorder in the late 19th century and this led to treatments to change it. Same-gender contacts between men were decriminalised in many countries in the 1960s and 1970s, but - as recently as the 1980s - 30% of doctors in the USA did not think that gay students should be admitted to medical school and 40% would not allow gay doctors to specialise in paediatrics or psychiatry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bji.2019.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054331PMC
November 2019