28,117 results match your criteria Homosexuality


Grob Special Issue: Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis Meet at a Mental Hospital: An Early Institutional History.

Authors:
Naoko Wake

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Psychoanalysis and homosexuality in the United States were both largely in flux between 1910 and 1935. This article sheds light on this unique historical moment by first exploring scholarly discussions of the era's psychoanalysis and homosexuality, both of which emphasized the transitional nature of therapy and sexuality. By putting two bodies of scholarship into conversation, I also suggest how the historiography might move beyond two oft-cited arguments-that the psychoanalysis of the era had the power to form a person's sexual identity negatively, and that sexual minorities formed their identities affirmatively by staying away from medical interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Observing Erotic Videos With Heterosexual Content Induces Different Cerebral Responses in Homosexual and Heterosexual Men.

J Homosex 2018 Dec 10:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

a Institute of Neuroscience, CUCBA , University of Guadalajara , Guadalajara , Jalisco , México.

To determine the cerebral functionality associated with the perception and processing of erotic stimuli in men with different sexual orientation, this work evaluated the electroencephalographic activity (EEG) from several cortical areas, as well as subjective arousal in homosexual and heterosexual men during observation of an erotic film with heterosexual content. The heterosexual men rated the erotic video with higher general and sexual arousal than the homosexual participants. During observation of the neutral and erotic videos, both groups showed a decreased amplitude of the alpha band in prefrontal and parietal cortices, indicating increased attention. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale: A New Measure.

J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.

This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people. Read More

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December 2018

Attachment Style, Openness to Experience, and Social Contact as Predictors of Attitudes Toward Homosexuality.

J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-26. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

b Department of Business Administration , Hacettepe University , Ankara , Turkey.

Considerable research has shown that people generally hold more negative attitudes toward homosexuals. Given this fact, it is important to understand psychological and social correlates of homophobia. With this purpose, the present study investigates attachment styles, openness to experience, and social contact in relation to attitudes toward homosexuals. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Associations of Bisexuality and Homosexuality with Handedness and Footedness: A Latent Variable Analysis Approach.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, 1010, Vienna, Austria.

Non-right-handedness appears to be more common among bisexuals and homosexuals than among heterosexuals, which might be indirect evidence of effects of prenatal androgen exposure. Current data suggest higher prenatal testosterone levels among bisexual and homosexual women, but are inconclusive for men. This study examined the association between sexual orientation and non-right-handedness for sex differences and whether higher rates of mixed-handedness, rather than left-handedness, might be the driving factor. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Homophobia in Health Professionals in Ankara, Turkey: Developing a Scale.

Transcult Psychiatry 2018 Nov 28:1363461518808166. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Çukurova University.

The aims of this study were to develop a sexual orientation attitude scale and use it to investigate the attitudes of psychiatrists, other physicians and first year medical students toward homosexuals and homosexuality in Ankara, Turkey. A cross-sectional study was performed with three groups including psychiatrists (n = 147), non-psychiatric physicians (n = 224) and first year medical students (n  =  280). A scale with 43 items consisting of four subscales (heterosexism, homophobia, homonegativity, neutrality) was developed which showed high internal consistency, validity and reliability in this sample of Turkish individuals. Read More

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November 2018

Contextualising sexual health practices among lesbian and bisexual women in Jamaica: a multi-methods study.

Reprod Health Matters 2018 Dec;26(52):1517543

k Lecturer, Institute for Gender and Development Studies, Mona Campus, University of the West Indies , Kingston , Jamaica.

Limited research has examined lesbian and bisexual women's sexual health practices in the Caribbean, where lesbian and bisexual women experience sexual stigma that may reduce sexual healthcare utilisation. We conducted a sequential multi-method research study, including semi-structured individual interviews (n = 20) and a focus group (n = 5) followed by a cross-sectional survey (n = 205) with lesbian and bisexual women in Kingston, Montego Bay, and Ocho Rios, Jamaica. Binary logistic analyses and ordinal logistic regression were conducted to estimate the odds ratios for social-ecological factors associated with lifetime STI testing, sex work involvement, and the last time of STI testing. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Syphilis prevalence and risk factors among young men presenting to the Brazilian Army in 2016: Results from a national survey.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13309

Department of Surveillance, Prevention and Control of STI, HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis, Secretariat of Health Surveillance, Ministry of Health of Brazil, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

The Conscripts Survey has been conducted periodically by the Brazilian Department of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), AIDS, and Viral Hepatitis (DIAHV) in collaboration with the Brazilian Ministry of Defense for over 2 decades. It aims to assess the syphilis prevalence and obtain data on knowledge regarding STIs and their risk factors among conscripts enlisted for the Brazilian Army.This cross-sectional study was conducted among conscripts across Brazil aged 17 to 22 years from August to December 2016. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Can HIV service data be used for surveillance purposes?: a case study in Guangzhou, China.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 19;18(1):1268. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Dermatology Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV service, and to discuss whether testing service data can be used for surveillance purposes.

Methods: The HSS+ data were collected from HIV sentinel surveillance conducted annually among men who have sex with men (MSM) between 2009 and 2013 in Guangzhou, China. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Stigma reduction in relation to HIV test uptake in low- and middle-income countries: a realist review.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 20;18(1):1277. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Public Health and Primary care, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: This realist review was conducted to understand how stigma is reduced in relation to HIV test uptake in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Methods: A systematic search of eight databases resulted in 34 articles considered for synthesis. Data synthesis was guided by a preliminary programme theory and included coding the meaning units to develop themes or intervention pathways that corresponded to context-mechanism-outcome configurations. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

'Unqueer' kinship? Critical reflections on 'marriage fraud' in mainland China.

Authors:
Jingshu Zhu

Sexualities 2018 Oct 12;21(7):1075-1091. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Leiden University, The Netherlands.

This article explores the controversial kinship practice in mainland China of 'gay' men marrying unwitting women. It questions the 'marriage fraud' discourse that condemns the men involved while pitying their wives, or . Taking an ethnographic approach, this article considers the major flaws of this popular discourse: the idealized-package of marriage-love-sex, the oft-neglected difficulties of living outside marriage, and most importantly, the essentialization of homosexuality. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Association of anal symptoms with anal high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) among men who have sex with men: Baseline data from the study of the prevention of anal cancer (SPANC).

Cancer Epidemiol 2018 Nov 12;58:12-16. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

The Kirby Institute, Wallace Wurth Building, UNSW Sydney, Randwick, New South Wales 2031, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The association between anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and anal symptoms has not been systematically investigated.

Methods: The Study of Prevention of Anal Cancer is a prospective cohort study of men who have sex with men (MSM) ≥ 35 years old in Sydney, Australia. Self-reported symptoms were collected. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Human papillomavirus prevalence and behavioral risk factors among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men in Taiwan.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(45):e13201

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with cancer and can be prevented through vaccination. Few studies from Taiwan have reported on HPV infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of HPV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) with and without HIV infection in Taiwan, and explore the behavioral risk factors thereof. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Sexual variation and mental health.

Authors:
Dinesh Bhugra

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 1:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London , London , UK.

Background: Cultures play a significant role not only in the causation and management of emotional distress and psychiatric disorders but also in sexual variation and attitudes towards sexual minority groups.

Aim: To discuss the potential impact of culture on sexual minorities.

Method: This lecture reviews the relation between sexuality, culture and mental health. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

How Religiosity Shapes Rejection of Homosexuality Across the Globe.

J Homosex 2018 Oct 29:1-28. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

a Department of Sociology , Radboud University Nijmegen , Nijmegen , The Netherlands.

This study investigates to what extent different dimensions of religiosity are differentially related to rejection of homosexuality in countries around the world and, moreover, to what extent these relationships can be explained by particular mediators: authoritarianism and traditional gender beliefs. The theoretical framework includes in particular socialization and integration theories. Hypotheses are tested by employing multilevel models, using data from the World Values Survey, covering 55 countries around the world for the period 2010-2014. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

The Influence of Sexual Orientation on Attributions of Blame Toward Victims of Sexual Assault.

J Homosex 2018 Oct 29:1-17. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

a Department of Psychology , Kwantlen Polytechnic University , Surrey , British Columbia , Canada.

Previous research has indicated that the sexual orientation of a sexual assault victim influences perceptions of blame. Although researchers have studied perceptions of blame toward straight and lesbian sexual assault victims, none have yet assessed perceptions of blame toward bisexual victims. The purpose of the current study is to examine perceptions of blame toward a female sexual assault victim and to determine whether the victim's sexual orientation impacts the level of attributed blame. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Disparities in Health Care Access and Health Among Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals in California.

Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res 2018 Oct;2018(9):1-8

Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

This policy brief examines differences in health care access, health behaviors, and health outcomes by sexual orientation among California adults. Using data from the California Health Interview Survey, the study finds that although lesbian, gay, and bisexual women and men have similar or better rates of insurance coverage compared to straight women and men, they are more likely to experience delays in getting needed health care. Lesbians, bisexual women, and bisexual men have higher rates of smoking and binge drinking than straight women and men; however, gay men are less likely to consume sugary beverages and to be physically inactive. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Raymond Roussel's Cure with Pierre Janet.

Front Neurol Neurosci 2018 18;43:123-137. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Raymond Roussel (1877-1933) was an eccentric writer whose strange novelistic and theatrical work was launched by the surrealists and is still worshipped by the French intelligentia. While writing his first text at the age of 19 years, he presented a delusional episode marked by the conviction that he was shining like a sun and that he had acquired universal glory. He "fell back to earth" when the book was published and he realized that no one was stopping to gaze at him. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Advocacy Beyond Identity: A Dutch Gay/Lesbian Organization's Embrace of a Public Policy Strategy.

J Homosex 2018 Oct 18:1-23. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

a University of Amsterdam , AISSR , Amsterdam , Netherlands.

The gay/lesbian social movement has primarily been understood as an identity movement. This article contributes to expanding understandings of the gay/lesbian movement by following the advocacy of the Dutch Association for the Integration of Homosexuality COC (COC) as a case of a gay/lesbian movement organization's expansion of its action repertoire to include public policy goals. On the basis of archival and interview data, this article identifies several factors that enabled the COC to see the Dutch government as a potential public policy partner. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

25 Years On: The State and Continuing Development of LGBTQ Studies Programs.

J Homosex 2018 Oct 18:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

c College of Education , University of Massachusetts , Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.

This article serves as the introduction to "25 Years On: The State and Continuing Development of LGBTQ Studies Programs." It begins by placing the current issue in a commemorative context: marking the anniversary of a 1993 special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality dedicated to the emergence of "Gay and Lesbian Studies" and edited by Howard L. Minton. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

'I loved him all my life': love, duty and homosexuality in post-liberation China.

Cult Health Sex 2018 Oct 17:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

f School of Sociology , Tsinghua University , Beijing , China.

This article is born out of an oral history study of 31 elderly homosexual men in four cities in China. It shows the ways in which major events of Chinese history since the birth of the People's Republic in 1949 intervene in personal lives and, in turn, how personal lives are drawn into larger historical events. One of the major themes running through these life narratives is that of love and duty. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

The use of geosocial networking smartphone applications and the risk of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Public Health 2018 Oct 16;18(1):1178. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, No. 21 Bohai Road, Tangshan Bay Eco City, Caofeidian District, Tangshan, 063210, People's Republic of China.

Background: Geosocial networking smartphone applications (apps) are popular tools for seeking sexual partners among men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated app use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in app-using MSM (app-users) by a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: A literature search for relevant studies was performed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Condom use social norms and self-efficacy with different kinds of male partners among Chinese men who have sex with men: results from an online survey.

BMC Public Health 2018 Oct 16;18(1):1175. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Social norms and self-efficacy play important roles in promoting consistent condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM). Few studies have investigated the association between social norms, self-efficacy and consistent condom use with different kinds of male partners among MSM. We conducted an online survey of MSM to evaluate this in China. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read
2.260 Impact Factor

Sexual orientation of 46, XX patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: a descriptive review.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Postgraduate Program in Medicine and Human Health, Bahiana School of Medicine and the Department of Urology, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) consists of a group of diseases characterized by an enzyme deficiency, particularly 21-hydroxylase deficiency. The condition may present in the simple virilizing form or in the salt-wasting form, with varying degrees of genital ambiguity. The non-heterosexual orientation is used in gender studies fields and includes bisexual, homosexual, Lesbians, gays, bissexuals, transgender, intersex, and others. Read More

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September 2018
11 Reads

Homosexuality law reform is just a first step for India.

Authors:
The Lancet Hiv

Lancet HIV 2018 Oct 8;5(10):e537. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

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October 2018
1 Read

"You Have to Keep Yourself Hidden": Perspectives From Malaysian Malay-Muslim Men Who Have Sex With Men on Policy, Network, Community, and Individual Influences on HIV Risk.

J Homosex 2018 Oct 11:1-23. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

f Department of Epidemiology , Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.

Malay-Muslim men who have sex with men (MSM) are marginalized and hidden in Malaysia, a predominantly Muslim country in southeast Asia. We explored the policy, network, community, and individual factors related to HIV infection among Malay-Muslim MSM through 26 in-depth interviews and one focus group discussion (n = 5) conducted in Kuala Lumpur and Kota Bharu between October 2013 and January 2014. As religion plays an important role in their lives, participants viewed homosexuality as a sin. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Prevalence and anatomical sites of human papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr virus and herpes simplex virus infections in men who have sex with men, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Oct 11;18(1):509. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are frequently found in men who have sex with men (MSM) with human immunodeficiency viral (HIV) infection.

Methods: This study investigated the prevalence of infection and anatomical site distribution of these viruses in asymptomatic MSM. DNA, extracted from cells collected from the anorectum, oropharynx and urethra of 346 participants, was investigated for the presence of EBV, HPV and HSV using real-time PCR. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

What do physicians know about homosexuality? Translation and adaptation of Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2018 Sep 21;16(3):eAO4252. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF Brazil.

Objective: To adapt the Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, and to assess knowledge of heterosexual physicians on homosexuality.

Methods: The following steps for cultural adaptation were made: translation by two independent evaluators, translation synthesis, and evaluation of semantic properties by the target population, followed by the development of a pilot study and administration of the instrument to 224 heterosexual physicians working in the Brazilian Federal District.

Results: The mean number of correct answers in the questionnaire was 11. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

A Nearly 50% Decrease in New HIV Diagnoses in Rhode Island from 2006-2016: Implications for Policy Development and Prevention.

R I Med J (2013) 2018 Oct 1;101(8):41-45. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Associate Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences at the Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI.

In the last decade, reductions in HIV incidence have been observed across the United States. However, HIV continues to disproportionately impact gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). In Rhode Island, rates of HIV diagnoses have decreased by 44% across all groups over the last decade. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Multimodal MRI suggests that male homosexuality may be linked to cerebral midline structures.

PLoS One 2018 2;13(10):e0203189. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, and Neurology Clinic, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

The neurobiology of sexual preference is often discussed in terms of cerebral sex dimorphism. Yet, our knowledge about possible cerebral differences between homosexual men (HoM), heterosexual men (HeM) and heterosexual women (HeW) are extremely limited. In the present MRI study, we addressed this issue investigating measures of cerebral anatomy and function, which were previously reported to show sex difference. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Despite Being "Known, Highly Promiscuous and Active": Presumed Heterosexuality in the USPHS's STD Inoculation Study, 1946-48.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):337-356. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of History, Queen's University.

The Sexually Transmitted Disease Inoculation Study of the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) was a short-term deliberate exposure experiment into the prevention of venereal diseases. Between 1946 and 1948, over 1,300 Guatemalan prisoners, psychiatric patients, soldiers, and sex workers were exposed to syphilis, gonorrhoea, and chancroid. USPHS researchers initially proposed hiring sex workers to "naturally" transmit venereal diseases to male subjects who would then be given various prophylaxes. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

A crowdsourced intervention to promote hepatitis B and C testing among men who have sex with men in China: study protocol for a nationwide online randomized controlled trial.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Sep 29;18(1):489. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

UNC - Project China, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: The World Health Organization recommends all men who have sex with men (MSM) receive Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) testing. MSM in China are a high-risk group for HBV and HCV infection, but test uptake is low. Crowdsourcing invites a large group to solve a problem and then shares the solution with the public. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads
2.610 Impact Factor

A Comparative Study of Attitudes Toward Same-Gender Parenting and Gay and Lesbian Rights in Portugal and in Mexico.

J Homosex 2018 Sep 28:1-18. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

b National Pedagogic University , Mexico City , Mexico.

The belief that gay men and lesbians are unable to provide a stable environment in which to raise children fuels manifestations of sexual prejudice that are still highly prevalent in Portugal and Mexico. The aim of this study was to assess attitudes toward same-gender parenting and gay and lesbian rights, as well as beliefs about the controllability of homosexuality among a sample of 531 university students. A further aim was to assess the predictors of attitudes toward same-gender parenting. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

MHealth approach to promote Oral HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men in China: a qualitative description.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 27;18(1):1146. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, China.

Background: HIV self-testing (HIVST) has demonstrated potential to expand HIV testing among key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) in China who have low testing rates. However, due to the autonomous nature of self-testing, people who undergo HIVST may lack access to relevant information and counseling support typically provided by in-person HIV testing counselors. WeChat, a popular smartphone application in China, offers a potential source of mobile health (mHealth) information and support for individuals using HIVST. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Meningococcal Disease Surveillance in Men Who Have Sex with Men - United States, 2015-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Sep 28;67(38):1060-1063. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Meningococcal disease is a rare, but serious, bacterial infection that progresses rapidly and can be life-threatening, even with prompt antibiotic treatment. Men who have sex with men (MSM) have previously been reported to be at increased risk for meningococcal disease compared with other men, and recent outbreaks of serogroup C meningococcal disease among MSM have occurred (1). However, the epidemiology of meningococcal disease among MSM in the United States is not well described, in part, because information about MSM has not historically been collected as part of routine meningococcal disease surveillance. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Human Papillomavirus Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Prevalence Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Monrovia, Liberia.

J Low Genit Tract Dis 2018 Oct;22(4):326-332

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, NY.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence, knowledge, attitudes, and practices, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Monrovia, Liberia.

Materials And Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 107 MSM, aged 18 to 58 years, completing questionnaires and anal HPV screenings. Using peer-educators and direct community involvement, demographics, risk factors, and HPV knowledge data were collected. Read More

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October 2018

Age-Associated Trends in Diagnosis and Prevalence of Infection with HIV Among Men Who Have Sex with Men - United States, 2008-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Sep 21;67(37):1025-1031. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.

In 2016, two thirds of diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact (1). The risk for sexual acquisition and transmission of HIV changes through the lifespan (2); to better guide prevention efforts for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM*), CDC analyzed National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS) data for MSM aged ≥13 years by age group (13-29, 30-49, and ≥50 years) in 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). During 2008-2016, the annual number of diagnoses of HIV infection increased 3% per year among MSM aged 13-29 years, decreased 4% per year among those aged 30-49 years and was stable for MSM aged ≥50 years. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

Italian gay father families formed by surrogacy: Parenting, stigmatization, and children's psychological adjustment.

Dev Psychol 2018 Oct;54(10):1904-1916

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome.

Forty Italian gay father families formed by surrogacy were compared with 40 Italian lesbian mother families formed by donor insemination, all with a child aged 3 to 9 years. Standardized interview, observational, and questionnaire measures of parenting quality, parent-child relationships, stigmatization, and children's adjustment were administered to parents, children, teachers, and a child psychiatrist. The only differences across family types indicated higher levels of stigmatization as reported by gay fathers. Read More

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October 2018

Being PrEPared - Preexposure Prophylaxis and HIV Disparities.

N Engl J Med 2018 Oct 19;379(14):1293-1295. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital (R.H.G.), Harvard Medical School (R.H.G.), the Boston University School of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine and Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center (C.G.S.), and the Fenway Institute, Fenway Health (S.R.C.) - all in Boston.

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October 2018
1 Read

Physician Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and HIV: The PATHH-III Survey.

LGBT Health 2018 Oct 18;5(7):431-442. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1 Department of Medicine, University of California , San Diego, San Diego, California.

Purpose: The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate current physician attitudes toward homosexuality and homosexual, transgender, and HIV-positive individuals and (2) to compare current attitudes of those from prior surveys of the same population, the San Diego County medical community.

Methods: An online survey was conducted during November-December 2017 to assess general attitudes toward homosexuality and medically focused items that addressed homosexual orientation, transgender identity, and HIV. Responses were weighted for nonresponse. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

A Life History Approach to the Female Sexual Orientation Spectrum: Evolution, Development, Causal Mechanisms, and Health.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Biology & Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Women's capacity for sexual fluidity is at least as interesting a phenomenon from the point of view of evolutionary biology and behavioral endocrinology as exclusively homosexual orientation. Evolutionary hypotheses for female nonheterosexuality have failed to fully account for the existence of these different categories of nonheterosexual women, while also overlooking broader data on the causal mechanisms, physiology, ontogeny, and phylogeny of female nonheterosexuality. We review the evolutionary-developmental origins of various phenotypes in the female sexual orientation spectrum using the synergistic approach of Tinbergen's four questions. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

[Trajectory modeling for estimating the trend of human papillomavirus infection status among men who have sex with men].

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 May;47(2):150-155

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, China.

Objective: To investigate whether trajectory model can be used to explore the trend of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection status among HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM).

Methods: HIV-negative MSM were recruited by using the "snowball" method from 1st September 2016 to 30th September 2017 in Urumqi. The subjects were followed-up every six months since enrollment. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

DM-PhyClus: a Bayesian phylogenetic algorithm for infectious disease transmission cluster inference.

BMC Bioinformatics 2018 Sep 14;19(1):324. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, 805 rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montreal, H3A 0B9, QC, Canada.

Background: Conventional phylogenetic clustering approaches rely on arbitrary cutpoints applied a posteriori to phylogenetic estimates. Although in practice, Bayesian and bootstrap-based clustering tend to lead to similar estimates, they often produce conflicting measures of confidence in clusters. The current study proposes a new Bayesian phylogenetic clustering algorithm, which we refer to as DM-PhyClus (Dirichlet-Multinomial Phylogenetic Clustering), that identifies sets of sequences resulting from quick transmission chains, thus yielding easily-interpretable clusters, without using any ad hoc distance or confidence requirement. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of poppers use and its sexual risks among men who have sex with men in southwestern China: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 10;18(1):1103. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

West China School of Public Health (West China Forth Hospital), Sichuan University, Sichuan Province, Chengdu, China.

Background: To investigate the prevalence of poppers use and its relationship with sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in southwestern China.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three cities of southwestern China between July and September 2016. Anonymous questionnaire survey was administered to collect data on demographics, drug use, sexual behaviors, history of STIs and HIV infection. Read More

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September 2018
12 Reads
2.260 Impact Factor

Which user errors matter during HIV self-testing? A qualitative participant observation study of men who have sex with men (MSM) in China.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 10;18(1):1108. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China.

Background: The World Health Organization recommends HIV self-testing (HIVST) as an additional approach to HIV testing services. We aimed to assess to what extent HIVST was conducted correctly by Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) and to identify user errors during the HIVST process in order to inform strategies to optimize its use and thus reduce the number of undiagnosed HIV infections.

Methods: Between February and March 2017, participant observations were conducted with 27 MSM in an east coastal city in China. Read More

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September 2018
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Maintaining "mianzi" and "lizi": Understanding the reasons for formality marriages between gay men and lesbians in China.

Transcult Psychiatry 2018 Sep 10:1363461518799517. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Sichuan University.

As a result of societal expectations and to avoid societal homophobia, many lesbians and gay men in China marry heterosexual partners and do not disclose their own sexual orientation. This study used qualitative methods to explore why gay men enter into such marriages of convenience. A total of 17 in-depth interviews were conducted with lesbians and gay men who had entered "formality marriages. Read More

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September 2018
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