32,174 results match your criteria Homosexuality


[Comparison of acquired immure deficiency syndrome-related knowledge and behavior between persons with and without human immunodeficiency virus- infection among young male students who have sex with men].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):511-517

Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To understand the differences between young male students who have sex with men (MSM) with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection in acquired immure deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related knowledge and behavior, and to provide a scientific reference to make targeted and effective measures in AIDS prevention.

Methods: Using snow balling sampling combined with participants' referral, we conducted a questionnaire survey among 548 young MSM students (in whom there were both HIV-positive and HIV-negative) in Harbin, Tianjin, Xi'an, and Chongqing cities from April 2017 to March 2018. The chi-square test and binary Logistic regression were used to compare the differences in AIDS-related knowledge and behavior between males with and without HIV-infection. Read More

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Hepatitis A Virus Infections Among Men Who Have Sex with Men - Eight U.S. States, 2017-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Jun 18;70(24):875-878. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

During 1995-2011, the overall incidence of hepatitis A decreased by 95% in the United States from 12 cases per 100,000 population during 1995 to 0.4 cases per 100,000 population during 2011, and then plateaued during 2012─2015. The incidence increased by 294% during 2016-2018 compared with the incidence during 2013-2015, with most cases occurring among populations at high risk for hepatitis A infection, including persons who use illicit drugs (injection and noninjection), persons who experience homelessness, and men who have sex with men (MSM) (1-3). Read More

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Sexual Dimorphism in Language, and the Gender Shift Hypothesis of Homosexuality.

Authors:
Severi Luoto

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:639887. Epub 2021 May 31.

English, Drama and Writing Studies, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Psychological sex differences have been studied scientifically for more than a century, yet linguists still debate about the existence, magnitude, and causes of such differences in language use. Advances in psychology and cognitive neuroscience have shown the importance of sex and sexual orientation for various psychobehavioural traits, but the extent to which such differences manifest in language use is largely unexplored. Using computerised text analysis (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count: LIWC 2015), this study found substantial psycholinguistic sexual dimorphism in a large corpus of English-language novels ( = 304) by heterosexual authors. Read More

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Sexual health problems and health-seeking behavior of men who have sex with men in Agra City, Uttar Pradesh.

Indian J Public Health 2021 Apr-Jun;65(2):142-146

Professor, Department of Surgery, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of acquiring sexually transmitted illnesses. The gross stigmatization of homosexuality and discrimination has always affected their health-seeking behavior.

Objectives: The study aimed to assess the magnitude of sexual health problems, factors associated, and their health-seeking behavior. Read More

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Homosexual/Heterosexual: First Print Uses of the Terms by Daniel von Kászony (1868-1871).

J Homosex 2021 Jun 11:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Graduate School of Arts and Social Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Printed use of the term heterosexuality, as juxtaposed to homosexuality, may be dated to 1871. The German noun pairs and adjective pair , appeared in two 1871 nonfiction works by hack writer Daniel von Kászony (1813-1886), picking up on Károly Mária Kertbeny's terminology. Kertbeny juxtaposed in 1868 correspondence but refrained from using the former term in his two famed 1869 open letters to repeal Prussian anti-sodomy legislation. Read More

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Costs and Scale-Up Costs of Integrating HIV Self-Testing Into Civil Society Organisation-Led Programmes for Key Populations in Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, and Mali.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:653612. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Despite significant progress on the proportion of individuals who know their HIV status in 2020, Côte d'Ivoire (76%), Senegal (78%), and Mali (48%) remain far below, and key populations (KP) including female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), and people who use drugs (PWUD) are the most vulnerable groups with a HIV prevalence at 5-30%. HIV self-testing (HIVST), a process where a person collects his/her own specimen, performs a test, and interprets the result, was introduced in 2019 as a new testing modality through the ATLAS project coordinated by the international partner organisation Solthis (IPO). We estimate the costs of implementing HIVST through 23 civil society organisations (CSO)-led models for KP in Côte d'Ivoire ( = 7), Senegal ( = 11), and Mali ( = 5). Read More

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Kenneth Lewes (1943-2020).

Authors:
Jack Drescher

Am Psychol 2021 Apr;76(3):563

Columbia University.

Memorializes Kenneth Lewes (1943-2020). Lewes earned a PhD in Clinical Psychology from University of Michigan (1982). His PhD dissertation was published as a book, (1988), which has been republished several times and has never been out of print. Read More

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A Case of Human Intestinal Spirochetosis Diagnosed During Screening Colonoscopy.

Cureus 2021 May 4;13(5):e14829. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Gastroenterology, Ascension Providence Hospital, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Southfield, USA.

Human intestinal spirochetosis (HIS) is a rare disease and mostly encountered incidentally during colorectal cancer screening colonoscopy. Risk factors include homosexuality and immunocompromised states. Patients are usually asymptomatic; however, chronic diarrhea and bloody stools have been reported in some cases. Read More

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Effectiveness and safety of a new dental plaque removal device utilizing micro mist spray for removing oral biofilm in vitro.

BMC Oral Health 2021 06 4;21(1):286. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Division of Advanced Prosthetic Dentistry, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, 4-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8575, Japan.

Background: Removal of oral biofilm from the oral mucosa is essential for preventing risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infection in elderly people. Currently, no device is available which can remove oral biofilm from oral mucosa effectively and safely. Therefore, the effectiveness and safety of the Micro Scale Mist UNIT (MSM-UNIT), a newly developed dental plaque removal device utilizing high speed sprays of fine water droplets, were evaluated for biofilm removal, including the rate and surface roughness for simulated tooth surface and mucous membrane. Read More

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Positive and Negative Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Relationship Satisfaction in Male Couples.

Am J Mens Health 2021 May-Jun;15(3):15579883211022180

Center for Sexuality and Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Little is known about the impact of the coronavirus pandemic and control measures on gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) couples. The goal of this study was to investigate individual-level relationship satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of 209 coupled GBMSM in the United States. We analyzed reported happiness and feelings about a relationship's future and assessed the odds of changing relationship happiness and investment associated with pandemic-related life changes (pandemic-related employment change; COVID-19 illness; high-risk of severe illness), using logistic and multinomial logit models. Read More

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To What Extent are Prenatal Androgens Involved in the Development of Male Homosexuality in Humans?

Authors:
Emmanouil Tasos

J Homosex 2021 Jun 3:1-36. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Endocrine variations, including possibly reduced exposure to androgens, may contribute to the development of male homosexuality, with animal models demonstrating same-sex mate preference with altered exposure during prenatal or early postnatal development. As similar studies in humans are impossible, indirect physical and cognitive measures of androgen exposure are used. Some studies suggest that physical measures affected by prenatal androgens, including the index-to-ring finger ratio, growth indices, and facial structure, are more "feminine" in gay men. Read More

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Sexuality and prevention among men who have sex with men in the contexts of the AIDS and COVID-19 pandemics.

Cien Saude Colet 2021 May;26(5):1853-1862

Laboratório de Estudos da Sexualidade Humana do Departamento de Psicologia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Av. Acadêmico Helio Ramos, CFCH, 7º andar. Cidade Universitária. 50670-901 Recife PE Brasil.

This essay reflects on sexual practices and prevention in the contexts of the AIDS and COVID-19 pandemics. It analyses data collected between July and October 2020 through participant observation, as part of an ethnographic research project on HIV vulnerability and prevention among men who have sex with men in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, state of Pernambuco (PE), Brazil. The results point to the relevance of physical appearance and the affective bond between partners in engendering emotions that mediate coping with the risk of infection during both pandemics. Read More

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Profiles of HIV Risk, Sexual Power, and Decision-Making among Sexual Minority Men of Color Who Engage in Transactional Sex: A Latent Profile Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 7;18(9). Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Though the transmission of HIV is preventable, there were still 37,968 new documented cases in the United States in 2018. HIV incidence is disproportionate in sexual minority men of color. The purpose of this study was to examine sexual relationship power risk profiles to identify distinct subgroups within the profiles who carry the highest HIV risk. Read More

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2021 European Guideline on the management of proctitis, proctocolitis and enteritis caused by sexually transmissible pathogens.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Jul 31;35(7):1434-1443. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Sexual Health and HIV, Birmingham University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

This guideline intents to offer guidance on the diagnosis and management of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms and a suspected sexually transmitted cause. Proctitis is defined as an inflammatory syndrome of the anal canal and/or the rectum. Infectious proctitis can be sexually transmitted via genital-anal mucosal contact, but some also via digital contact and toys. Read More

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HIV-related stigma in the UK then and now: to what extent are we on track to eliminate stigma? A qualitative investigation.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 30;21(1):1022. Epub 2021 May 30.

University of Westminster, London, UK.

Background: The introduction of effective antiretroviral treatment in the late 1990s led to the perception that HIV was a chronic but manageable condition. Nevertheless, stigma remains one of the major hurdles for people living with HIV (PLWH) to accessing healthcare and biomedical preventions. Thus, Fast Track Cities has set a target of zero HIV discrimination by 2030 as part of its strategy to end HIV transmission. Read More

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Social network distribution of syphilis self-testing among men who have sex with men in China: study protocol for a cluster randomized control trial.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 27;21(1):491. Epub 2021 May 27.

Dermatology Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Syphilis is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM). Increasing syphilis testing is important to syphilis control. However, in low- and middle-income countries like China, syphilis testing rates remain low among MSM. Read More

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How to Identify Potential Candidates for HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: An AI Algorithm Reusing Real-World Hospital Data.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 May;281:714-718

Univ. Rennes, CHU Rennes, Inserm, LTSI - UMR 1099, F-35000 Rennes, France.

HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective in Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), and is reimbursed by the social security in France. Yet, PrEP is underused due to the difficulty to identify people at risk of HIV infection outside the "sexual health" care path. We developed and validated an automated algorithm that re-uses Electronic Health Record (EHR) data available in eHOP, the Clinical Data Warehouse of Rennes University Hospital (France). Read More

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Pilot randomised controlled trial of a patient navigation intervention to enhance engagement in the PrEP continuum among young Latino MSM: a protocol paper.

BMJ Open 2021 05 26;11(5):e040955. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA

Introduction: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are one of the most at-risk group for contracting HIV in the USA. However, the HIV epidemic impacts some groups of MSM disproportionately. Latino MSM comprise 25. Read More

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HIV self-testing partially filled the HIV testing gap among men who have sex with men in China during the COVID-19 pandemic: results from an online survey.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 05;24(5):e25737

Dermatology Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a useful strategy to promote HIV testing among key populations. This study aimed to understand HIV testing behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM) and specifically how HIVST was used during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) measures in China when access to facility-based testing was limited.

Methods: An online cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit men who have sex with men (MSM) in China from May to June of 2020, a period when COVID-19 measures were easing. Read More

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A qualitative assessment in acceptability and barriers to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men: implications for service delivery in Vietnam.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 25;21(1):472. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: HIV Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is being considered for implementation among MSM nationwide in Vietnam. However, there may be concerns about potential obstacles for PrEP adherence among Vietnamese MSM. This study aims to assess the acceptability to use PrEP, potential barriers and facilitators, and the preferences for PrEP service accessibility and delivery among Vietnamese MSM. Read More

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Management practices in community-based HIV prevention organizations in Nigeria.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 May 22;21(1):489. Epub 2021 May 22.

Center for Health Systems Research, National Institute of Public Health, Universidad 655 Colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera C.P, 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Background: Nigeria has one of the largest Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemics in the world. Addressing the epidemic of HIV in such a high-burden country has necessitated responses of a multidimensional nature. Historically, community-based organizations (CBOs) have played an essential role in targeting key populations (eg. Read More

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Adherence to quarterly HIV prevention services and its impact on HIV incidence in men who have sex with men in West Africa (CohMSM ANRS 12324 - Expertise France).

BMC Public Health 2021 05 22;21(1):972. Epub 2021 May 22.

TransVIHMI, Univ Montpellier, Inserm, IRD, Montpellier, France.

Background: Access to tailored HIV prevention services remains limited for West African MSM. We assessed adherence to quarterly HIV prevention services and its impact on HIV incidence in MSM followed up in four cities in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Togo.

Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study between 2015 and 2018. Read More

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Facilitators and barriers of 2-1-1 HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(5):e0251917. Epub 2021 May 20.

Division of Prevention Science, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

An alternative strategy for men who have sex with men (MSM) experiencing challenges with daily HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) includes 2-1-1 dosing. Understanding 2-1-1 PrEP facilitators and barriers, especially during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, may guide researchers and healthcare providers in future studies and clinical preparedness. We conducted a national cross-sectional study of MSM in the US who had taken 2-1-1 PrEP to examine facilitators and barriers of this on-demand PrEP dosing option. Read More

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Brazilian Protocol for Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2020: HIV infection in adolescents and adults.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2021 17;54(suppl 1):e2020588. Epub 2021 May 17.

Ministério da Saúde, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brasil.

HIV infection is presented in the chapters of the Clinical Protocol and Therapeutic Guidelines for Comprehensive Care for People with Sexually Transmitted Infections, published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2020. Health professionals and managers must learn the signs and symptoms of HIV infection and know how to diagnose it to provide appropriate treatment and reduce complications. HIV infection has become a chronic disease. Read More

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Awareness and acceptability of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among students at two historically Black universities (HBCU): a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 19;21(1):943. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Despite young African American adults (ages 18-24) being among the highest risk groups for HIV infection, little is known about their awareness of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) - a once daily pill shown to be > 90% effective in preventing HIV. To explore awareness and acceptability of PrEP among college students in this demographic, we conducted a survey of attendees at two large historically Black universities (HBCU) in North Carolina.

Methods: We administered a 14-item questionnaire to students at two HBCUs in North Carolina between February and April 2018. Read More

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Representation Matters: Progressing Research in Plurisexuality and Bisexuality in Sport.

J Homosex 2021 May 17:1-21. Epub 2021 May 17.

School of Sport and Service Management, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK.

Plurisexual is an umbrella term which refers to individuals who are, or who have the potential to be, attracted to more than one gender. Identities including bisexual, pansexual and fluid therefore fall under the category plurisexual. Academic research surrounding plurisexuality and sport has received limited academic attention in comparison to research based on homosexuality and sport. Read More

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Stigma, displacement stressors and psychiatric morbidity among displaced Syrian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women: a cross-sectional study in Lebanon.

BMJ Open 2021 05 13;11(5):e046996. Epub 2021 May 13.

Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale University School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Background: Displaced Syrians face psychiatric morbidity often resulting from displacement-related stressors (eg, resource scarcity). Both men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women among the displaced Syrians are particularly vulnerable to mental health challenges given that they also often face stigma-related stressors (eg, discrimination).

Methods: Between January and December 2019 in greater Beirut, 258 Lebanese-born MSM and transgender women and 230 displaced Syrian MSM and transgender women were recruited via respondent-driven sampling to complete an in-person survey assessing displacement-related stressors, stigma-related stressors, depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Read More

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