539 results match your criteria Homo Journal of Comparative Human Biology [Journal]


A palaeopathological analysis of skeletal remains from Bronze Age Mongolia.

Homo 2018 Nov 23;69(6):324-334. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA.

Little is known about the lifeways of the people who inhabited the Mongolian steppe during the Bronze Age (c. 4450-2650 BP). Palaeopathological analysis allows us to draw inferences about the lifeways of past people from the indicators of health and lifestyle recorded in human remains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

The mental foramen: A cone beam CT study of the horizontal location, size and sexual dimorphism amongst living Jordanians.

Homo 2018 Nov 24;69(6):335-339. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Accurate information regarding the horizontal location and size of mental foramen (MF) has a well-known clinical importance. In addition, these variables have been reported to exhibit inter-population variation. The aims of the present study were to study the horizontal position and size of MF, as seen on cone beam CT (CBCT) images, and to assess sexual dimorphism in these variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Influence of maternal height on children's health status and mortality: A cross-sectional study in poor Roma communities in rural Serbia.

Homo 2018 Nov 27;69(6):357-363. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Ethnography, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade 11 000, Serbia. Electronic address:

To determine possible variations in children's health status and mortality associated with variations in maternal stature, an anthropometric and demographic study was conducted in a Roma population of poor socio-economic status in rural Serbia. Data were collected during several years of anthropological fieldwork. The sample consisted of 691 women, ranging from 16 to 80 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Mitochondrial DNA diversity of the Roma from northeastern Bosnia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Homo 2018 Nov 7;69(6):347-356. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo 73000, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This study is the first report on the mtDNA diversity in the Roma population from Bosnia. The main aim of this study was to analyse the mtDNA diversity in the studied population, evaluate the genetic relations with other European Roma populations, and analyse the influences of the Roma gene flow on the mitochondrial profile of the Roma from northeastern Bosnia. MtDNA variability in the analysed population has been studied by means of hypervariable segment I and II (HVSI/II) of the control region sequencing and analysis of restriction fragment-length polymorphisms of the coding region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Differential evolution of cerebral and cerebellar fossae in recent Homo: A new methodological approach.

Homo 2018 Nov 9;69(6):289-303. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Àrea de Prehistòria, Fac. Lletres, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Catalunya, 35 43002 Tarragona, Spain; Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES), Carrer Marcel·lí Domingo s/n - Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona, Spain.

The endocranium shows the influence of the shape and development of brain tissues and overall brain modifications. During the late Upper Pleistocene and Holocene smaller brains appeared and the higher position of endinion relative to inion might indicate changes in cerebellar and occipital lobes. In previous studies, the depths of the cerebral and cerebellar fossae were not specifically considered; new tools for quantitatively measuring these irregular, problematic curved areas need to be developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Illuminating the processes of microevolution: A bioarchaeological analysis of dental non-metric traits from Armenian Highland.

Homo 2018 Nov 10;69(6):304-323. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Science, Republic of Armenia, 0025 Yerevan, Charents st.15, Armenia. Electronic address:

Non-metric dental traits provide useful information for assessing temporal changes as well as for assessing biological relationships among living and ancient populations. Dental morphological traits were employed in this study as direct indicators of biological affinities among the populations that inhabited the Armenian Highland from the Late Chalcolithic-Early Bronze Age to Modern times. Sixteen morphological features in 2643 permanent adult teeth from 41 samples coming from 5 areas within the Armenian Highland were scored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Reevaluation of the earlobe types in Koreans.

Homo 2018 Nov 29;69(6):377-380. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Medical Genetics, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 1095, Dalgubeoldaero, Dalseo-Gu, Daegu 42601, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The shape of the earlobes has a variety of genetic significance. This study analyzed the frequencies of the earlobe shapes in the Korean population. Data were collected on randomly selected 500 males and 500 females in Daegu Metropolitan City, with all participant ages being in their twenties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

New linear regression equations to calculate body height from tibial length in modern Maya populations.

Homo 2018 Nov 29;69(6):340-346. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Departamento de Ecología Humana, Cinvestav, Mérida, Mexico.

Height cannot always be measured directly, hence the need for height estimation formulae. This study presents two new linear regression equations for estimating height from tibial length among Maya populations. Body height and percutaneous tibial length were measured in two living Maya samples from the state of Yucatan, Mexico. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.007DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Determinants of demographic characteristics of the Lamkang tribe, Manipur.

Homo 2018 Sep 21;69(5):273-279. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India.

The present study provides the demographic account of the Lamkang tribe of Manipur who suffered the bottleneck effect in 1840s and 1992. The objectives are: (i) to determine the age-sex composition of the Lamkang, (ii) to see the sex disparity among the Lamkang (iii) to examine the various biological and social factors that govern the fertility pattern among the Lamkang tribe of Manipur. The present study reveals that the Lamkang population is showing tendency towards fertility transition as evident from the population pyramid. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

The asymmetry of dermatoglyphic finger ridge counts and the geographic altitude of the Jujenean population in northwest Argentina.

Homo 2018 Nov 29;69(6):364-376. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Facultad Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Jujuy- Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy, Argentina; Instituto de Biología de la Altura (INBIAL), Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy, Argentina.

Asymmetry is omnipresent in the living world and therefore is a measure of developmental noise and instability. The main stressing agent in high-altitude ecosystems is hypobaric hypoxia. The variation in bilateral dermatoglyphic symmetry in populations from the Province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina is analyzed, and these results are compared to those for other populations with different ethnic and environmental backgrounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.006DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Union of the medial clavicular epiphysis in a South African Black skeletal sample.

Homo 2018 Sep 21;69(5):259-265. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Private Researcher, South Africa.

Current research points to an increase in the interest in and focus on the age at which the medial end of the clavicle begins and completes union in various populations worldwide. As it currently stands, no information exists for the South African population detailing the age at which this skeletal developmental marker commences or completes union. The aim of this study was to establish the age at which partial and complete unions occur and to find if there is any correlation between the age and the assigned stage score in a South African Black skeletal sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.005DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Sex estimation from cranial morphological traits: Use of the methods across American Indians, modern North Americans, and ancient Egyptians.

Homo 2018 Sep 21;69(5):237-247. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Anthropology, California State University, 6000 J St, Sacramento 95819-6106, United States.

This paper focuses on estimating sex by visual assessment of human cranial morphology. Practitioners in the field report variation in sexual dimorphism across populations. This study evaluates again the general hypothesis that populations vary in their pattern of sexual dimorphism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.003DOI Listing
September 2018
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Secular trend in growth and nutritional status in a sample of girls aged 7-9 years from Serbia.

Homo 2018 Sep 19;69(5):280-286. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.

Secular trend changes over time and therefore is a marker of the public health of the populations. The aim of the study is to compare the anthropometric data of 7-9 year-old girls obtained in recent investigations in Serbia with data from 1980/81, by using Z-score and percentile classification systems, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention - CDC anthropometric criteria. In 1980 and 1981 we used data for 800 schoolgirls aged 6. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.002DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Juvenile scurvy from Late Medieval Knin, Croatia.

Homo 2018 Sep 5;69(5):217-226. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb 10 000, Croatia.

In this study, we examine the scurvy associated skeletal lesions among juveniles from the late Medieval site Uzdolje-Grablje in Croatia. The study aims to establish a demographic pattern of scurvy using existing diagnostic criteria. The sample consists of 16 well-preserved and fairly complete juveniles, excavated from a cemetery dating to 1420-1920. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.09.001DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Hemihyperplasia: History of medicine assists medical genetics.

Homo 2018 Sep 1;69(5):227-236. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

French Department, Alexander Muss High School in Israel (AMHSI) affiliated with Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education (AMIIE), Hod HaSharon 45102, Israel.

This paper examines the role of the history of medicine in case of congenital isolated hemihyperplasia. Isolated hemihyperplasia is a genetic disorder in which one side of the body grows more than the other, causing visible lateral asymmetry of the human body. The date of the occurrence of the genetic mutation that leads to hemihyperplasia is not known yet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.006DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Age estimation accuracies from black South African os coxae.

Homo 2018 Sep 21;69(5):248-258. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Human Variation and Identification Research Unit, School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, York Road, Johannesburg 2193 South Africa.

The accurate estimation of age is considered important from an ethical, legal and archaeological perspective. Among the numerous methods based on macroscopic skeletal studies for age estimation, the Brooks and Suchey (1990) method for aging from the pubic symphysis and the Buckberry and Chamberlain (2002) method for aging from the auricular surface are considered more reliable. However, both these methods have been derived from American populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.004DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Biological living standards in North Korea as reflected in famine to post-famine trends in birthweight, 1998-2009.

Authors:
D Schwekendiek

Homo 2018 Sep 21;69(5):266-272. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Academy of East Asian Studies, Sungkyunkwan University, 600th Anniversary Building, 25-2 Sungkyunkwan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03063, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This research investigates the trend in birthweight as an indicator of living conditions in early life inside North Korea, one of the most secluded nations in the world that experienced a great famine in the 1990s. Descriptive analysis based on data taken from officially released national nutrition survey reports suggests that prevalence of low birthweight (= below 2500 g) declined from 9.0% in the famine year of 1998-5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.005DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Bone mineral density, hand grip strength, smoking status and physical activity in Polish young men.

Homo 2018 Jul 14;69(4):209-216. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Anthropology and Health Promotion, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

The human skeleton undergoes constant changes encompassing the phases of growth, consolidation and involution of the bone tissue. The aim of the research was to assess the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and such factors as hand grip strength, somatic structure or attitudes to tobacco smoking in men with different levels of physical activity. The study included 172 males aged 20-30 years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.003DOI Listing
July 2018
27 Reads

Altered shapes, same people: Scaphocephaly in the early modern Bucharest.

Homo 2018 Jul 3;69(4):176-187. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Morphology, Medical School, Romania and "Carol Davila", University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eroii Sanitari Blvd., No. 8, Bucharest 050474, Romania.

Premature sagittal suture synostosis was identified in eight specimens dated between the 18th and 20th centuries CE, of which seven are kept within the Rainer Osteological Collection in Bucharest and one was retrieved from the archaeologically investigated Saint Sava Church Cemetery. Our study focused on metric measurements, aiming to compare these specimens with three other samples comprising normal and scaphocephalic individuals, with both a Romanian and worldwide distribution. In total, 374 individuals were used in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.001DOI Listing
July 2018
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A diachronic examination of biomechanical changes in skeletal remains from Tombos in ancient Nubia.

Homo 2018 Jul 2;69(4):158-166. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Anthropology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Using morphometric assessment, we diachronically analyse mechanical stress and limb function at the Tombos (modern Sudan) archaeological site through time and changing socioeconomic circumstances. Based on previous research, we expect that during the Third Intermediate/Napatan (c. 1070-656 BCE) people were larger and more physically active than in the New Kingdom (∼1400-1070 BCE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.07.005DOI Listing
July 2018
13 Reads

Women's height in several African countries in the first half of the 20th century.

Homo 2018 Jul 4;69(4):203-208. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Università dell'Aquila, V. Vetoio, Coppito, L'Aquila 67100, Italy.

Height and its variations in time are considered useful indicators of living conditions in countries and in periods where no written sources are available. Majority of data refer to male stature, whereas data concerning female stature are limited and cover only a short span. This paper investigates the height of 456 women in 6 African countries, born around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.002DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Comparison of cranial fluctuating asymmetry between normal and pathological specimens from a modern Thai skeletal group.

Homo 2018 Jul 26;69(4):188-197. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Buffalo Human Evolutionary Morphology Lab, Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to compare fluctuating asymmetry (FA) levels across cranial modules of normal and pathological cranial specimens. It was examined whether pathological specimens have significantly higher FA scores than normal specimens in cranial regions affected by a developmental disorder. For this study, a modern Thai skeletal sample from Chulalongkorn University was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.07.004DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Descriptive characteristics of the area of origin of the deltoid muscle on the human clavicle. Is it necessary to include new terms in the Terminologia Anatomica?

Homo 2018 Jul 18;69(4):198-202. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Laboratory of Morphological Science, Instituto de Biología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile.

The clavicular portion of the deltoid muscle (CPDM) in the human clavicle does not have a nomenclature in the Terminologia Anatomica (TA). This area is relevant in anatomy since the muscle participates in motions of glenohumeral articulation. The aim of this study was to describe the origin of the CPDM and to propose a name for the structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.07.003DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

A new analysis interpreting Nilotic relationships and peopling of the Nile Valley.

Authors:
K Godde

Homo 2018 Jul 25;69(4):147-157. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of La Verne, La Verne, 1950 Third St, CA 91750, USA. Electronic address:

The process of the peopling of the Nile Valley likely shaped the population structure and early biological similarity of Egyptians and Nubians. As others have noted, affinity among Nilotic populations was due to an aggregation of events, including environmental, linguistic, and sociopolitical changes over a great deal of time. This study seeks to evaluate the relationships of Nubian and Egyptian groups in the context of the original peopling event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.07.002DOI Listing
July 2018
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An association between adult lifespan and stature in preindustrial Lithuanian populations: Analysis of skeletons.

Homo 2018 Jul 10;69(4):167-175. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Anthropology, Vilnius LT-03101, Lithuania.

The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that no relationship between maximal living stature and adult lifespan had existed in prehistoric and historic Lithuanian populations. The sample analyzed consisted of 1713 skeletons of adult individuals who died between the 2nd century CE and the beginning of the 19th century CE, collected from 118 archaeological sites located in the current territory of Lithuania. A cumulative logit model was applied to model ordinal age-related changes in the auricular surface and the pubic symphysis (measures of lifespan) as a function of maximal length of femur (an indicator of maximal living stature), sex, burial site and its chronology as a proxy for the place of residence and period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.07.001DOI Listing
July 2018
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Sexual dimorphism in human facial expressions by 3D surface processing.

Homo 2018 May 12;69(3):98-109. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Laboratory of Morphology and Forensic Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic.

Human face is a dynamic system where facial expressions can rapidly modify geometry of facial features. Facial expressions are believed to be universal across world populations, but only a few studies have explored whether grimacing is sexually dimorphic and if so to what extent. The present paper explores inter- and intra-individual variation of human facial expressions with respect to individual's sex based on a set of neutral and expression-varying 3D facial scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.002DOI Listing
May 2018
9 Reads

Spatial diffusion of surnames by long transhumance routes between highland and lowland: A study in Sardinia.

Homo 2018 May 13;69(3):127-138. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Department of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy.

RIASSUNTO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.006DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Sinistrality is associated with (slightly) lower general intelligence: A data synthesis and consideration of the secular trend in handedness.

Homo 2018 May 12;69(3):118-126. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Anthropology, University of Oulu, Finland.

The relationship between the general factor of intelligence (g) and handedness is investigated using a combined sample of 23511 respondents from three large databases: the NLSY'79 (US), NLSY'97 (US) and NCDS (UK). Dextrals - those who use their right hands were found to be 1.22 IQ points higher than sinistrals (left handers) after controlling for sex and age and correcting for sources of measurement error. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.003DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Differences in the auxological characters of children with short stature - Differential diagnostic possibilities of hypothyreosis.

Homo 2018 May 1;69(3):139-145. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Viničná 1594/7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

This study aimed to define the differences in growth characteristics in the three most frequent causes of growth retardation - growth hormone deficiency, hypothyreosis and constitutional delay of growth and development - in order to provide diagnostic means for distinguishing these disorders. The study included 166 children with growth disorders aged 4-18 years. The height for age, the bone age using the TW3 method, the predicted height as the target height and the current prediction using the TW3 method were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.05.001DOI Listing
May 2018
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Discrepancies between reported and cadaveric body size measurements associated with a modern donated skeletal collection.

Authors:
H Maijanen Y Jeong

Homo 2018 May 30;69(3):86-97. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Middle Tennessee State University, Biology, PO Box 60, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, USA.

Body mass and stature estimation methods used in biological anthropology require materials with known body size information. There are several types of body size data that can be associated with skeletal collections. However, discussion regarding the reliability and suitability of these types of information for anthropological research is scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.005DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Molar crenulation trait definition and variation in modern human populations.

Homo 2018 May 12;69(3):77-85. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

Crenulated molars have been used extensively in biological anthropology. However, the trait has not been formally defined, nor have population frequencies been thoroughly outlined. This study provides a formal definition of molar crenulations and data on their presence in a large sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.001DOI Listing
May 2018
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Variability of facial movements in relation to sexual dimorphism and age: three-dimensional geometric morphometric study.

Homo 2018 May 12;69(3):110-117. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Software and Computer Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Malostranské náměstí 25, 118 00 Prague 1, Czech Republic.

The aim of this study was to introduce suitable imaging technique and analytical methods for a detailed description of the facial movements in relation to sexual dimorphism and age in adult individuals. Removing of size factor from the analysis, we hypothesised that there will be no significant intersexual difference in facial mobility. We assume facial movements to be more pronounced in the older age category due to increasing the facial surface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.06.004DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

EDITORIAL.

Homo 2018 03;69(1-2):1-5

Wood Jones Professor of Anthropological and Comparative Anatomy, University of Adelaide, Medical School, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.04.001DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Does field hockey increase morphofunctional asymmetry? A pilot study.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):43-49. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Theory of Sports, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poland.

Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.003DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Association of normative values of grip strength with anthropometric variables among students, in Jiangsu Province.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):70-76. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine Engineering, Ministry of Education, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Southeast University, School of Public Health, 210009 Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address:

Handgrip strength is one of the most universal and powerful indices of nutritional and health status. This study was aimed at presenting norms of grip strength values and their association with anthropometric characters among students in Jiangsu Province. Cross-sectional studies were carried out among 255,157 males and females aged 7-22 years in 2010-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.007DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

An evaluation of dental methods by Lamendin and Prince and Ubelaker for estimation of adult age in a sample of modern Greeks.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):17-28. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 75 M. Asias Str., 11527 Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Teeth can be used as accurate tools in age-at-death estimation in forensic cases. No previous data exist on estimating age from teeth in a modern Greek population. The aim of this study was to evaluate Lamendin's and Prince and Ubelaker's ageing methods on a modern Greek skeletal sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.006DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

Nutritional status of Onges of Little Andaman Island - Current state and the change over the last fifteen years.

Homo 2018 Mar 30;69(1-2):29-36. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Regional Medical Research Centre (Indian Council of Medical Research), Post Bag No. 13, Port Blair 744 101, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. Electronic address:

Onges, an indigenous vulnerable tribe, inhabit the Little Andaman Island. Study undertaken during 1997, recorded high prevalence of undernutrition among children. Subsequently, food rationing was modified by Andaman and Nicobar administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.002DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):6-16. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Laboratory of Biological Anthropology, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V's Vej 11, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004DOI Listing
March 2018
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Foot longitudinal arches in obese, overweight and normal weight females who differ in age.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):37-42. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Physiotherapy, University of Physical Education, al. Jana Pawła II 78, 31-571 Krakow, Poland.

Nowadays, excessive body weight is the cause of death of more people than malnutrition. Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide, which also results in a considerable number of movement dysfunctions, including degenerative changes and foot pain. The study aimed to assess the effect of overweight and obesity on the height of foot arches in females aged 10-84 years, as well as to establish which factor - age or BMI - affected the height of medial longitudinal arch (MLA) to a greater extent. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.001DOI Listing
March 2018
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Social group dynamics predict stress variability among children in a New Zealand classroom.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):50-61. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Anthropology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States. Electronic address:

Previous research proposes stress as a mechanism for linking social environments and biological bodies. In particular, non-human primate studies investigate relationships between cortisol as a measure of stress response and social hierarchies. Because human social structures often include hierarchies of dominance and social status, humans may exhibit similar patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.005DOI Listing
March 2018
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Multi-directional reach test in South Asian children: Normative reference scores from 5 year to 12 years old.

Homo 2018 Mar 27;69(1-2):62-69. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Physiotherapy, Punjabi University, Patiala 147002, Punjab, India.

Multi-directional reach test (MRT) emerged as a valid and reliable assessment tool for balance evaluation among elderly. The normative reference scores have been established in adults and elderly people, but they were not yet established for children. Hence, we aimed at establishing the normative reference scores of MRT among the school going children aged between 5 and 12 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.008DOI Listing
March 2018
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Growth and development in school-age children from Rostov region, Russia: Comparison between urban and rural settings.

Homo 2017 Dec 11;68(6):465-478. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Department of Physiology, Institute of Arid Zones of the Southern Scientific Center, Institution of the Russian Academy of Science, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The purposes of the current study were: (1) to describe growth and physical development and establish norms for schoolchildren from Rostov region in Russia; (2) to compare major characteristics of development between urban and rural children by sex and age. Nearly 200,000 children (198,712) aged between 7 and 17 years from 232 urban and rural schools of Rostov region (Southern Federal District of Russia) participated in the study. School age is a period of intensive growth and physiological and psychological development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.11.003DOI Listing
December 2017
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Estimation of sex in a contemporary Saudi population based on sternal measurements using multidetector computed tomography.

Homo 2017 Dec 7;68(6):411-421. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

College of Medicine-Riyadh, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, MNG-HA, P.O. Box 3660, Riyadh 11481, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Department of Medical Imaging, King Abdulaziz Medical City, MNG-HA, Mail Code: 1222, P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Sex estimation is an essential step for identifying unknown individuals and usually depends on the presence of highly dimorphic bones, such as the pelvis and skull. Nevertheless, the body integrity can be compromised in certain circumstances, and these bones might be absent; therefore, the ability to use other bones for sex estimation is crucial. The aims of this study were to collect baseline data for sternal dimensions in Saudi adults, assess the existence of sexual dimorphism in the sternum, and generate population-specific equations to estimate sex using sternal dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.11.001DOI Listing
December 2017
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Sex-specific reliability and multidimensional stability of responses to tests assessing neuromuscular function.

Homo 2017 Dec 7;68(6):452-464. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto st. 6, LT-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania.

The objective of this study was to estimate sex-specific effects in the test-retest cross-reliability of peripheral and central changes in nonlinear and linear measures of a surface electromyography signal during a brief (5 second) and sustained (2minute) isometric maximal voluntary contraction, combined with superimposed electrical stimulation involving the ankle plantar flexors over five identical trials. In this study, we repeated the testing protocol used in our previous study of 10 women (age 20.9, SD=0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X173006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.004DOI Listing
December 2017
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Evaluation of the contribution of D9S1120 to anthropological studies in Native American populations.

Homo 2017 Dec 26;68(6):440-451. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Instituto de Investigación en Genética Molecular, Centro Universitario de la Ciénega, Universidad de Guadalajara (CUCI-UdeG), Av. Universidad #1115, Ocotlán, Jalisco, México, CP 47810. Electronic address:

The D9S1120 locus exhibits a population-specific allele of 9 repeats (9RA) in all Native American and two Siberian populations currently studied, but it is absent in other worldwide populations. Although this feature has been used in anthropological genetic studies, its impact on the evaluation of the structure and genetic relations among Native American populations has been scarcely assessed. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the anthropological impact of D9S1120 when it was added to STR population datasets in Mexican Native American groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.003DOI Listing
December 2017
13 Reads

Relationship between temperament and fatness in 11-year-old children and 17-year-old adolescents from Wrocław, Poland.

Homo 2017 Dec 23;68(6):479-486. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Department of Anthropology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India.

Childhood obesity is increasing globally, and Poland is no exception. Studies indicate that relationship between obesity and psychological well-being is a complex issue and this needs further research. The objective of the present cross sectional study was to analyze the relationship between some temperament components and fatness among children in two developmental periods, approximately before and after adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.002DOI Listing
December 2017
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Regression equations for the estimation of stature and body mass using a Greek documented skeletal collection.

Homo 2017 Dec 8;68(6):422-432. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Department of Biology, Division of Animal and Human Physiology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 157 71 Athens, Greece.

Body size is an important variable in bioarchaeological and forensic studies, making the accurate calculation of stature and body mass imperative. Given that anatomical and morphometric approaches offer accurate results but require a particularly good preservation of the skeletal material, whereas mathematical and mechanical methods are more easily applicable but they are largely population-specific, the present paper uses a 'hybrid' approach in order to generate regression equations for the prediction of stature and body mass in a modern Greek sample. Specifically, anatomical and morphometric methods were used to calculate the stature and body mass of the individuals and regression equations using the Ordinary Least Squares and Reduced Major Axis methods were generated with long bone lengths and femoral head breadth as predictors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.11.002DOI Listing
December 2017
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Secular trends in stature of late 20th century white South Africans and two European populations.

Homo 2017 Dec 7;68(6):433-439. Epub 2017 Oct 7.

Human Variation and Identification Research Unit, School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa.

During the 20th century a general positive secular trend for stature is observed in developed countries around the world while shorter statures, often associated with a lack of a positive secular trend, have mostly been observed in populations with lower SES. The purpose of this study was to compare secular changes in stature between 20th century South Africans of European descent and two European populations. The comparative samples include Dutch males with which there is an assumed genetic relationship, and Swiss males for which the genetic association is less clear. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018442X173005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.001DOI Listing
December 2017
7 Reads

Anthropometric dimensions provide reliable estimates of abdominal adiposity: A validation study.

Homo 2017 Oct 7;68(5):398-409. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Közép fasor 52, Szeged 6726, Hungary.

Abdominal fat accumulation is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study is to assess the possibility of developing accurate estimation equations based on body measurements to determine total abdominal (TFA), subcutaneous (SFA) and visceral fat area (VFA). Hungarian volunteers (n=198) aged between 20 and 81 years were enrolled in the study, which was conducted between July and November 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.08.001DOI Listing
October 2017
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Exploring sex differences in diets and activity patterns through dental and skeletal studies in populations from ancient Corinth, Greece.

Homo 2017 Oct 15;68(5):378-392. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Department of Animal and Human Physiology, Faculty of Biology, School of Sciences, University of Athens, Panepistimioupoli Zografou 15701, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Sex and temporal differences are assessed in relation to dietary habits and activity patterns in three ancient populations from Corinth, Greece. The skeletal sample spans time from the Geometric to the Early Byzantine Period (9th c. BCE-5th c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2017.09.002DOI Listing
October 2017
9 Reads