232,951 results match your criteria Home Healthcare Nurse [Journal]
Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology Australia, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.
Aim: Low-dietary intake is a common problem and cause of malnutrition during hospitalisation. This study aims to determine the current dietary intake and food sources of hospitalised adults in Ho Chi Minh City.
Methods: Participants were adult patients from six general public hospitals in a multi-site survey undertaken in 2016. Read More
Pain Pract 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric surgery, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Background: The Rotterdam Elderly Pain Observation Scale (REPOS) has been proven useful to assess pain in non-communicative and cognitively impaired nursing home residents. We evaluated whether the REPOS is also reliable and valid for pain assessment in the hospital setting.
Methods: In this prospective multicenter observational study, surgical patients were observed perioperatively at bedside and internal medicine patients were filmed during a possible painful moment and in rest. Read More
Liver Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Laboratory for the identification of prognostic factors of response to the treatment against infectious diseases, University of Campania, Naples, Italy.
Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify, among the patients with failure to DAA regimen, those with a late relapse (after the achievement of a sustained virological response at week 12) and to characterize the clinical, epidemiological and virological features of these patients.
Material And Methods: 129 HCV patients with non-response to an IFN-free regimen were enrolled. Sanger sequencing of NS3, NS5A and NS5B was performed at failure by home-made protocols. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that municipal primary health care nurses and municipal registered nurses had about a web-based learning intervention concerning supportive family health conversations in municipal home health care.
Background: Even though family health conversations is well grounded in theory with several reported benefits for patients and families, most working nurses have little or no training in practicing family systems nursing including family health conversations. Continued learning is necessarily for nurses, where web-based learning may be one answer of updating the professional skills and knowledge of nurses regarding supporting families. Read More
J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
In addition to individual-level characteristics, characteristics of the social and physical environments in which individuals reside may adversely impact health outcomes. Careful attention to the role of "place" can result in programs that successfully deliver services to those most at risk. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used geocoded residential addresses from 3090 households enrolled in a South Carolina (SC) home visiting program, 2013-2016, and corresponding years of data for maternal and child health outcomes obtained from vital records data. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Cancer Control Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Purpose: To gain breast cancer survivors' perspectives on participation in a home-based physical activity intervention and the factors that contributed to their acceptance and adherence to physical activity.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six women who had participated in a 12-week, home-based physical activity intervention using Polar A360® activity trackers. Additionally, 22 participants from the physical activity interventions provided scaled responses to barriers of physical activity on weeks 3, 6, 9, and 12. Read More
Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 8;221:40-48. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
University of the West of England, UK; Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Germany. Electronic address:
Despite the growth of alcohol consumption and international migration in many developing countries, the links between the two remain underexplored. We study the relationship between emigration of household members, receiving remittances (migrant monetary transfers), and alcohol consumption of migrant household members staying behind in Kyrgyzstan, a poor post-socialist country that has recently witnessed both large-scale emigration and a rise in alcohol-related health problems. Using a large longitudinal survey, we find that, among the ethnic majority (Kyrgyz), an increase in migrant remittances is associated with a higher likelihood and frequency of consuming alcohol, as well as an increase in the consumption of beer. Read More
Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 8;74:25-30. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
University of Limerick, Ireland. Electronic address:
Background: Higher education institutes are witnessing an increase in the cultural and ethnic diversity of their student population. While this adds to the learning experience, there is a dearth of evidence examining how students on nursing programmes, from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds learn with and from each other. There is need for a greater understanding of the factors that both facilitate and inhibit intercultural learning within the classroom. Read More
Appetite 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Food Science & Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Home food environments (HFE) of children impact dietary intake, though relatively few studies have focused on young children from backgrounds with socioeconomic and racial-ethnic diversity. The objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between the HFE and child dietary intake of preschool-aged children from rural and low-income, culturally diverse families.
Methods: Children (aged 2-5 years) and their primary caregivers (n = 164 parent-child dyads) participated in this study using a cross-sectional design. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Pharmacology and Therapeutics, NCBES Galway Neuroscience Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address:
Modulation of the opioid system has re-emerged as a potential therapeutic avenue for treating depression, with efficacy of a fixed-dose combination of buprenorphine (BUP), a partial μ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist and κ-opioid receptor (KOR) antagonist, and samidorphan (SAM), a potent MOR antagonist, as an adjuvant treatment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). To advance understanding of the mechanism of action underlying this combination, we examined BUP, SAM and their combination in a series of rat behavioural assays. We examined effects on locomotor activity in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats over an extended period of time in a home-cage tracking system, and behavioural despair (immobility) in the forced swim test (FST), a commonly-used test to study antidepressants, in SD and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
HealthTrust Purchasing Group, L.P.
Background: The study reports the impact of adverse events during the index CABG surgery on Medicare reimbursement for the index hospitalization and a 90-day follow-up period.
Methods: This retrospective study used 2014 Medicare claims files for hospitals, skilled nursing services, rehabilitation facilities, long-term care facilities, home health services and outpatient visits. The study sample is 37,106 Medicare beneficiaries that survived an index CABG in a US hospital during the first three quarters of 2014. Read More
Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute for Health and Aging, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to estimate healthcare utilization and healthcare costs due to secondhand smoke exposure at home for children in the U.S.
Methods: Using data from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 U. Read More
Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, Pediatric Neuroimaging Research Consortium, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA; Educational Neuroimaging Center, Faculty of Education in Science and Technology, Technion, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:
Reading is an acquired skill that relies on cognitive-control and language abilities. Home reading environment has been positively correlated with activation in parietal-temporal-occipital association cortex supporting mental imagery and narrative comprehension during a story-listening task in preschool-age children. However, the degree to which maternal reading ability influences early brain development, specifically neural circuits involved with language and reading, is not well understood. Read More
Geriatr Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 222 Skøyen, 0213 Oslo, Norway.
Care workers' work environment is known to be associated with patient and nurse outcomes. To our knowledge no questionnaire is available for assessing this environment for all care workers in the Norwegian nursing-home setting. This paper describes the development, adaptation and assessment of such a questionnaire: the extended Norwegian version of the Brisbane Practice Environment Measure for Nursing Homes (B-PEM-NH). Read More
J Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pediatrics University at Buffalo Buffalo, New York. Electronic address:
Am J Cardiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Division of Cardiology, Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA) is a risk factor for new onset heart failure (HF). There is however a paucity of data evaluating its association with outcomes in patients with established HF. We assessed the relation of HbA with outcomes among hospitalized HF patients. Read More
Am J Surg 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital/ Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; Department of Surgery, VA Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, MA, USA. Electronic address:
Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical procedure. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated non-home discharge destination and to characterize outcomes after non-home discharge.
Methods: 10,719 pancreaticoduodenectomy cases contained in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Targeted Pancreatectomy dataset (years 2014-2016) were examined with univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Read More
J Safety Res 2018 Dec 19;67:197-201. Epub 2018 Jun 19.
Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, United States of America.
Introduction: Each year from 1999 through 2015, residential fires caused between 2,000 and 3,000 deaths in the U.S., totaling approximately 45,000 deaths during this period. Read More
Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 11;206:403-411. Epub 2018 Nov 11.
State Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering and Key Laboratory of Biopharmaceutical Production & Formulation Engineering, PLA, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, PR China. Electronic address:
The polysaccharides of Enteromorpha prolifera (PEP) displayed various bioactivities such as anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and immune-regulative effects. However, no studies were performed on the biological effect of Enteromorpha prolifera oligomers (EPO). In this study, we prepared EPO and evaluated their anti-diabetic effect. Read More
Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 12;63:111-112. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK.
Am Heart J 2018 Sep 25;208:55-64. Epub 2018 Sep 25.
The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, 1st Floor, Hayes House, 75 George St, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Objectives: SUPPORT-HF 2 tests the hypothesis that home monitoring with information technology-supported specialist management is more effective in optimizing medical therapy than is home monitoring alone for patients with heart failure.
Methods And Results: The study was designed as a 2-armed partially blinded parallel randomized controlled trial. Seven sites in the United Kingdom (UK) recruited a total of 202 adults with heart failure at high risk of adverse outcomes and with potential to benefit from remote management (mean age 73 years, 28% female, median left ventricular ejection fraction 37%). Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 12;88:298-306. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Queensland, 4072, Australia; Institute for Teaching and Learning Innovation, The University of Queensland, Queensland, 4072, Australia. Electronic address:
A basic human right of all children is protection from physical punishment in all settings. Yet, corporal punishment remains common place within families, at home, at school, and elsewhere. In Thailand, cultural beliefs and values might preserve its use. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, University of Agder, Norway.
Aims And Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of the persistent use of telecare for older adults and their family caregivers.
Background: Telecare is seen as part of the solution in home care services for ageing in place. Previous studies have shown that telecare is a complex intervention, and there is still a poor understanding of older adults' and their family caregivers' experience with the use of telecare. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Oslo Metropolitan University.
Aims And Objectives: To gather insight in conditions important to an understanding of undocumented migrants' life situations and more specifically to explore undocumented migrants' quality of life and how we can understand the various domains of quality of life related to demographics, living conditions, migration history and inflicted burden.
Background: Undocumented migrants suffer from economic hardship and acculturative stress, limited psychological and social support and at the same time restricted access to health care and social welfare.
Design: An exploratory mixed methods design using primarily quantitative data with a qualitative component was implemented. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Health Policy and Administration, Pennsylvania State University, 601A Donald H. Ford Building, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
Objective To estimate the effect of a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) intervention on asthma-related emergency room (ER) visits of pediatric patients. Methods Patients receiving care at pediatric primary care practices participating in the Florida Pediatric Medical Home Demonstration Project as well as pediatric patients treated at non-participating clinics were identified from 4 years of claims and enrollment data. We estimate several fixed effects logistic regression models using one pre-treatment year and three post-treatment years to investigate whether asthma-related ER visits decreased because of the PCMH intervention. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
Purpose: This project's purpose was to determine the effects of a home-based reflexology intervention on symptom-related use of health services and work-related productivity during the 11-week study.
Methods: A total of 256 patients were randomized to four weekly reflexology sessions (each lasting 30 min, delivered by lay caregivers who received two training sessions by a professional reflexologist) or attention control. The Conventional Health Service and Productivity Costs Form was used to collect information on health service utilization and out-of-pocket expenditure of symptom management. Read More
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
MACS Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Road, Pune, 411004, Maharashtra, India.
Candidatus Methylocucumis (Mcu.) oryzae, strain Sn10-6, a Gram-negative, pale pink pigmented, motile, large Type I methanotroph (3-6 µm × 1.5-2 µm) was recently isolated from an Indian rice field. Read More
J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY, 10032, USA.
Immigrant African gay and bisexual men (GBM) are at risk for substance use and adverse mental health outcomes due to negative experiences in home and host countries. Little is known about correlates of substance use and mental health outcomes in this population. We explored pre- and post-migratory factors associated with substance use and depression in recently migrated African GBM. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often receive self-management support from adult children, siblings or close friends residing outside of their home. However, the role of out-of-home support in patients' self-management and well-being is unclear. Patients (N = 313) with HbA1c > 7. Read More
Z Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
AG6 Versorgungsforschung & Pflegewissenschaft, Fakultät für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Universität Bielefeld, Universitätsstraße 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Deutschland.
Background: Even when they are in need of care, old people prefer to stay in their community. An appropriate design of nonresidential and residential care services close to people's home is crucial for supporting them. In the model project "Pflege stationär-Weiterdenken!" (Nursing home care-think ahead!) nursing homes offer extended services to old people in the community. Read More
Cancer Immunol Immunother 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Inflammation and Immunity, Cleveland Clinic, Lerner Research Institute, 9500 Euclid Avenue NE40, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.
Optimal ex vivo expansion protocols for adoptive cell therapy (ACT) must yield T cells able to effectively home to tumors and survive the inhospitable conditions of the tumor microenvironment (TME), while simultaneously exerting persistent anti-tumor effector functions. Our previous work has shown that ex vivo activation in the presence of IL-12 can induce optimal expansion of murine CD8 T cells, thus resulting in significant tumor regression after ACT mostly via sustained secretion of IFN-γ. In this report, we further elucidate the mechanism of this potency, showing that IL-12 additionally counteracts the negative regulatory effects of autocrine IFN-γ. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024068. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Objective: Home healthcare is the fastest growing arena in the healthcare system but patient safety research in this context is limited. The aim was to explore how patient safety in Swedish specialised home healthcare is described and adressed from multidisciplinary teams' and clinical managers' perspectives.
Design: An explorative qualitative study. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023803. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
Objectives: The objective was to describe the prevalence of geriatric conditions among older medical patients in the emergency department (ED) and the association with admission, mortality, reattendance and loss of independency.
Design: Population-based prospective cohort study.
Setting: ED of a large university hospital. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023752. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana.
Objective: To examine the association between early Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination and neonatal mortality in northern Ghana.
Methods: This ecological study used vaccination and mortality data from the Navrongo Health and Demographic Surveillance System. First, we assessed and compared changes in neonatal mortality rates (NMRs) and median BCG vaccination age from 1996 to 2012. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e021952. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
Objective: To examine whether neighbourhood characteristics are associated with cumulative biological risk (CBR) and sex differences in CBR in a nationally representative sample in Jamaica, a small island developing country with increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
Design: Cross-sectional study SETTING: A population-based cross-sectional survey, the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008 (JHLS II) recruited persons at their homes over a 4 month period from all 14 parishes and 113 neighbourhoods defined as enumeration districts (EDs).
Participants: 2544 persons aged 15-74 years old from the 2008 Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey (JHLS II), who completed interviewer-administered questionnaires and had biomarkers assessed, and whose home addresses could be reliably geocoded. Read More
Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
The first genome-wide association study of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus was performed in Japanese individuals. As previously reported using a candidate gene approach, a strong association was observed with multiple SNPs in the HLA region, and the strongest association was observed with rs9268853 in the class II DR region (P=1.56 x 10, odds ratio [OR] 3. Read More
Arch Dis Child 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
To improve the postdischarge growth of exclusively breastfed preterm infants, born weighing ≤1.8 kg, by using breast milk fortifier (BMF) supplements postdischarge until 48 weeks' gestational age. A quality improvement (QI) project involving plan-do-study-act (PDSA) cycles. Read More
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 14;6(12):e10026. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Population Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
Background: The shift from inpatient to outpatient cancer care means that patients are now required to manage their condition at home, away from regular supervision by clinicians. Subsequently, research has consistently reported that many patients with cancer have unmet information needs during their illness. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones and tablet computers, provide an opportunity to deliver information to patients remotely. Read More
Health Place 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address:
The potential benefits of aquatic environments for public health have been understudied in Asia. We investigated the relationships between blue space exposures and health outcomes among a sample of predominantly older adults in Hong Kong. Those with a view of blue space from the home were more likely to report good general health, while intentional exposure was linked to greater odds of high wellbeing. Read More
Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA.
Purpose: We describe the sample, design, and procedures for the Community and Surrounding Areas Study (CASAS), an ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The aim of SOL CASAS was to test an ecological model of macro- and micro-neighborhood environment factors, intermediate behavioral (physical activity) and psychosocial (e.g. Read More
J Am Med Dir Assoc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Department of Health Services Research, Oldenburg, Germany.
Objectives: In addition to routinely administered long-term medication, complex drug regimens of nursing home residents often include as needed or pro re nata (PRN) medication. However, there has been no systematic evaluation of the frequency and concomitants of PRN medication in nursing homes. The main objective of this systematic review was to provide a current assessment of PRN drug use in nursing homes. Read More
J Am Med Dir Assoc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Geriatrics and Aging Research, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Centre on Aging and Mobility, University Hospital Zurich and City Hospital Waid Zurich, Switzerland; University Clinic for Acute Geriatric Care, City Hospital Waid, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:
Objectives: To evaluate 2 simple strategies, vitamin D and a home exercise program, in functional recovery during the first year after hip fracture.
Design: Secondary analysis of a factorial clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated to 800 IU (standard of care) or 2000 IU vitamin D and a daily instruction of a simple home exercise program (SHEP) or standard physiotherapy alone during acute care. Read More
Nurs Outlook 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus, Perth, Australia.
Objectives: To offer practical guidance to nurse investigators interested in multidisciplinary research that includes assisting in the development of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms for "smart" health management and aging-in-place.
Methods: Ten health-assistive Smart Homes were deployed to chronically ill older adults from 2015 to 2018. Data were collected using five sensor types (infrared motion, contact, light, temperature, and humidity). Read More
Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):48-51
c/o Soins, Elsevier Masson SAS, 65, rue Camille-Desmoulins, 92442 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France. Electronic address:
In nursing homes, intimacy is threatened by the increased dependence and lack of support. It is nevertheless possible to preserve it, meaning it is possible to ensure a continuity of existence for the elderly person in an institution. Read More
Soins 2018 Dec;63(831):21-25
Laboratoire CERPPS, Pôle 3 : Psychologie de la santé, université de Toulouse, 5, allée Antonio-Machado, 31058 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
Oral cancer drugs make the patient more active and autonomous. They reduce the number of hospital appointments and the risk of infection. However, they result in new problems such as the management of side effects. Read More
Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Dec 14:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
a Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement , Autonomous University of Madrid , C/ Francisco Tomás y Valiente, 3, 28049 , Madrid , Spain.
This study investigated the associations between the characteristics of the nearby physical environment with the total and domain-specific leisure-time sedentary behaviour (SB) in young people. The study included 1578 youth (9-18 years) from the UP&DOWN study. Total leisure-time SB was objectively-assessed by accelerometers. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:801-806. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, USA; Department of Biometry, Yale Home Office, North Branford, USA. Electronic address:
Published research often address aspects related to "statistical significance" but fail to address the clinical and practical importance and meaning of results. Our main objectives in this article are to investigate the merit of common measures of Effect Size in statistical research and to highlight the importance of the simple Relative Risk ratio. In this article we present data where we consider two widely utilized effect size measures (Cohen's d and Pearson's r) in relations to relative risk. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan;68(1):1-4
Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and Center for Evidence-based Practice, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia.
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America to update the 2004 clinical practice guideline on outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) . This guideline is intended to provide insight for healthcare professionals who prescribe and oversee the provision of OPAT. It considers various patient features, infusion catheter issues, monitoring questions, and antimicrobial stewardship concerns. Read More
Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 29;34:161-166. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway; Health Services Research Unit, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.
This paper focuses on the experiences of nursing students on a student-managed ward, the purpose of which was to empower students for the nursing role. Five nursing students operated and managed a nursing home ward for eight weeks during their final year of nursing education. The students claimed that a group of five students was beneficial. Read More
Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 11;64:30-33. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
British Columbia Centre on Substance Use, 400-1045 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 2A9, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St. Paul's Hospital, 608-1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada; School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Health Sciences Centre, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address:
Background: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) is a first-line treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD); however, the efficacy and role of urine drug screening (UDS) in OAT has received little research attention. Prior evidence suggests that UDS frequency reflects philosophy and practice context rather than differences in patient characteristics or clinical need. Therefore, we reviewed the literature on the effect of and recommendations for the frequency of UDS on health outcomes for persons with OUD who receive OAT. Read More