971,811 results match your criteria History of psychology[Journal]


[Genetic profiling in the diagnosis of hereditary prostate cancer: Where do we stand?]

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):525-529. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Universitatsmedizin, Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, Mainz.

Prostate cancer has a heterogeneous genetic profile compared with other tumour entities. Accordingly, there are also various mutations that increase the risk of prostate cancer. Some genetic variants only have a mild impact, whereas other gene mutations (BRCA1 /2; HOXB13) may increase the risk significantly. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Radicular Pain Syndromes: Cervical, Lumbar, and Spinal Stenosis.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):634-639. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Back pain is a top primary and urgent care complaint; radicular pain can be caused by herniation of the nucleus pulposus (intervertebral disc), spinal stenosis, or degenerative changes to the vertebrae. The focus of this clinical review will be the clinical approach and treatment of lumbar radicular pain, cervical radicular pain, and spinal stenosis. Usually localized through neurological history, exam, and imaging, specific signs and symptoms for lumbar radicular, spinal stenosis, and cervical radicular pain can help determine etiology. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 3;128:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Study Design: Toddlers born extremely preterm (gestational ages 22 0/7 to 26 6/7 weeks) were tested at 22-26 months corrected age with Bayley-III while parents completed the CBCL. Socio-demographic variables and medical history were recorded. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Submuscular gluteal abcess: An unusual presentation of rare sacral tuberculosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 24;54:55-59. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital - Faculty of Medicine Universitas, Jl. Pangeran Diponegoro No. 71, Salemba, Central Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Both gluteal abscess and sacral tuberculosis are rare entities in spinal tuberculosis cases. Even in endemic country, this atypical presentation may be the cause of delayed diagnosis and treatment.

Presentation Of Case: A 51-year-old woman was admitted with painless massive lump on both of her thighs that have been enlarging for the past 6 months. Read More

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November 2018

The legacy of colonial fire management policies on traditional livelihoods and ecological sustainability in savannas: Impacts, consequences, new directions.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:600-606. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Darwin Centre for Bushfire Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. Electronic address:

Land occupation and management systems have defined fire regimes and landscapes for millennia. The savanna biome is responsible for 86% of all fire events, contributes to 10% of the total carbon emissions annually and is home to 10% of the human population. European colonization has been associated with the implementation of fire suppression policies in many tropical savanna regions, markedly disrupting traditional fire management practices and transforming ecosystems. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 26;130(1):111-121. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University, Togo Salmon Hall 513, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; ARiEAL Research Centre, McMaster University, L.R. Wilson Hall, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, ETB-406, 1280 Main St., West Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada; MaRS Centre, Vector Institute, Canada; McMaster University, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Recent studies demonstrate that sports-related concussions can have negative consequences on long-term brain health. The goal of the present study was to determine whether retired Canadian Football League (CFL) athletes with a history of concussions exhibit alterations in neurocognitive functioning, along with changes in physical, social, and psychological health.

Methods: Our study compared nineteen retired CFL athletes' concussion histories to eighteen healthy age-matched controls with no history of concussion. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Healed impact trauma to a Neolithic cattle frontal bone: A posthuman perspective.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Dec 3;24:197-200. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. Electronic address:

Trauma associated with slaughter is identified occasionally archaeologically in the cranial remains of domesticated animals, with evidence for pole-axing occurring in Europe, especially from the Roman period onwards. The injury typically extends through the frontal bone and sinuses to penetrate the braincase, causing haemorrhage, loss of consciousness, brain damage, and death. Evidence for slaughter methods in the British Neolithic, however, is lacking. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Stroke risk and outcomes in epilepsy patients: Two retrospective cohort studies based on National Health Insurance in Taiwan.

Atherosclerosis 2018 Nov 23;280:147-154. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Anesthesiology, Shuan Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Health Policy Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The risk of stroke in epileptic patients and the impact of epilepsy history on stroke patients' outcome have not been studied completely. Our purpose is to evaluate whether patients with epilepsy have increased risk of stroke or post-stroke mortality.

Methods: In Study I, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 6746 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy and 26,984 persons without epilepsy between 2000 and 2008, in the database of National Health Insurance in Taiwan. Read More

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November 2018

Interstitial Lung Disease Onset and Its Risk Factors in Japanese Patients with ALK-positive NSCLC Following Treatment with Crizotinib.

J Thorac Oncol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.

Introduction: The study objective was to determine the incidence and characteristics of drug-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with an orally available small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, crizotinib in the real-world clinical setting.

Methods: Post-marketing surveillance was performed in Japan to obtain information on the safety and efficacy of crizotinib. Target patients included all patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received crizotinib, during the enrollment period between May 2012 and December 2014. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Spinal arachnoiditis ossificans: report of a quadruple triggered case.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 86, 95123 - Catania, Italy.

Background: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare condition often associated with previous spine surgery. Here we describe a unique case of a patient affected by ankylosing spondylitis (AS), presenting with progressive neurological deterioration due to AO. We also review the literature on evaluation and management of patients suffering from AO. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Gene polymorphisms of angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensinogen and risk of idiopathic ischemic stroke.

Gene 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Trombosis, Hemostasia y Aterogénesis, H.G.R. No 1. Dr. "Carlos Mac Gregor Sánchez Navarro" Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Gabriel Mancera No. 222, Colonia Del Valle, CP 03100 Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Objective: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a hormonal signaling mechanism implicated in the atherosclerosis and regulation of blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) a key enzyme in the RAS, plays important roles in vascular remodeling atherosclerosis, and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the possible contribution of the I/D in the ACE gene, M235T and T174M in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke in young Mexican population. Read More

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December 2018

Bioactivity of soy-based fermented foods: A review.

Biotechnol Adv 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Food Science and Technology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China. Electronic address:

For centuries, fermented soy foods have been dietary staples in Asia and, now, in response to consumer demand, they are available throughout the world. Fermentation bestows unique flavors, boosts nutritional values and increases or adds new functional properties. In this review, we describe the functional properties and underlying action mechanisms of soy-based fermented foods such as Natto, fermented soy milk, Tempeh and soy sauce. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Enzymes of glycerol-3-phosphate pathway in triacylglycerol synthesis in plants: Function, biotechnological application and evolution.

Prog Lipid Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Departmento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil.. Electronic address:

Triacylglycerols (TAG) are the major form of energy storage in plants. TAG are primarily stored in seeds and fruits, but vegetative tissues also possess a high capacity for their synthesis and storage. These storage lipids are essential to plant development, being used in seedling growth during germination, pollen development, and sexual reproduction, for example. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hide and Seek.

Surv Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Wills Eye Hospital , Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia PA.

A 51-year-old woman with a previous history of rheumatoid arthritis experienced painless and progressive visual loss in the left eye for three weeks. Fundus examination revealed optic disc pallor in her left eye. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and orbits showed enhancement of the pachymeninges and hypersignal at the left optic nerve. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Visual inspection and dermoscopy, alone or in combination, for diagnosing keratinocyte skin cancers in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011901. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management, to reduce morbidity and to improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is almost always a localised skin cancer with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas a minority of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) and invasive melanomas are higher-risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and cause death. Dermoscopy has become an important tool to assist specialist clinicians in the diagnosis of melanoma, and is increasingly used in primary-care settings. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD013194. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. History-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious lesion by a clinician is usually the first in a series of 'tests' to diagnose skin cancer. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Dermoscopy, with and without visual inspection, for diagnosing melanoma in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011902. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. Although history-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious lesion by a clinician are usually the first in a series of 'tests' to diagnose skin cancer, dermoscopy has become an important tool to assist diagnosis by specialist clinicians and is increasingly used in primary care settings. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Mandible reconstruction with patient-specific implants: Case report of five consecutive patients.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The purpose of this case report was to assess whether patient-specific implants (PSI: Xillocs) and soft tissue flaps contribute in reconstructing large mandibular defects. Five patients with a medical situation and history not suitable for free microvascular bone flaps were operated with PSI and evaluated. The mean follow-up time was 12 months. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Transmission dynamics of re-emerging rabies in domestic dogs of rural China.

PLoS Pathog 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute, Laboratory of Evolutionary and Computational Virology, Leuven, Belgium.

Despite ongoing efforts to control transmission, rabies prevention remains a challenge in many developing countries, especially in rural areas of China where re-emerging rabies is under-reported due to a lack of sustained animal surveillance. By taking advantage of detailed genomic and epidemiological data for the re-emerging rabies outbreak in Yunnan Province, China, collected between 1999 and 2015, we reconstruct the demographic and dispersal history of domestic dog rabies virus (RABV) as well as the dynamics of dog-to-dog and dog-to-human transmission. Phylogeographic analyses reveal a lower diffusion coefficient than previously estimated for dog RABV dissemination in northern Africa. Read More

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December 2018

Application of the Andersen-Newman model of health care utilization to understand antenatal care use in Kersa District, Eastern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208729. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Background: In Ethiopia, the uptake of antenatal care services has been low. Moreover, there is less frequent and late attendance of antenatal care among women who attend. Using the Anderson-Newman model of health care utilization, this study identified factors that either facilitate or impede antenatal care utilization in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Sex differences in intrusive memories following trauma.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Baroreflex function, haemodynamic responses to an orthostatic challenge, and falls in haemodialysis patients.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208127. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Queen Margaret University, Centre of Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on haemodialysis (HD) often present with dizziness and pre-syncopal events as a result of the combined effect of HD therapy and cardiovascular disease. The dysregulation of blood pressure (BP) during orthostasis may be implicated in the aetiology of falls in these patients. Therefore, we explored the relationship between baroreflex function, the haemodynamic responses to a passive orthostatic challenge, and falls in HD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Using time series analysis approaches for improved prediction of pain outcomes in subgroups of patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207120. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Pfizer Inc, New York, New York, United States of America.

Prior work applied hierarchical clustering, coarsened exact matching (CEM), time series regressions with lagged variables as inputs, and microsimulation to data from three randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and a large German observational study (OS) to predict pregabalin pain reduction outcomes for patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Here, data were added from six RCTs to reduce covariate bias of the same OS and improve accuracy and/or increase the variety of patients for pain response prediction. Using hierarchical cluster analysis and CEM, a matched dataset was created from the OS (N = 2642) and nine total RCTs (N = 1320). Read More

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December 2018

Doping in sport - attitude and professional experience among physicians in Poland.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):35-47

Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków; Henryk Niewodniczański Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Science, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: The history of using performance-enhancing substances (PES) is long and it goes back to ancient times. At present, PES are employed at all levels of sport competition, starting from Olympic level contestants to individuals recreationally involved in various sports disciplines.

Purpose: e objective of the study was examining the views on doping in sports in a group of physicians, together with evaluating the frequency of their contacts with this phenomenon, in their professional activities. Read More

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January 2018

Unexplained cytopenias in an adolescent? You GATA think about it.

J Assoc Genet Technol 2018 ;44(4):135-136

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT.

Objectives: The GATA family of DNA binding proteins consists of six different transcription factors (GATA1-6), each with a diverse biologic function. The transcription factors GATA1-3 function primarily to orchestrate hematopoiesis; however, they have roles in non-hematopoietic cells as well. Much of our current knowledge of the GATA transcription factors has come through observation of disease states with known GATA mutations. Read More

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January 2018

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865): herald of hygienic medicine.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):480-482

Frankston Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.

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December 2018

Forty years of "Waltzing Matilda": the history of the multichannel cochlear implant.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):476-478

Westmead Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.

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December 2018

Micro-ureteroscopy for treatment of pelvic ureteral stone in pediatric patient.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Departamento de Urologia de Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: During the last years there has been an effort in miniaturizing the endoscopic devices. The video presents an alternative for the management of distal ureteral stone, using a ureteral access of 4.85 Fr and 27 cm of length, previously described as micro-ureteroscopy. Read More

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October 2018

Robotic surgery in the management of complex pelvic endometriosis.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 20;44. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain.

Introduction: Endometriosis consists in the proliferation of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity, predominantly in the ovaries but also in the urinary bladder or bowel. About 10% of fertile women are affected and the main symptoms are pain, menstrual disorders and infertility. Surgery is the treatment option for those symptomatic patients in which medical treatment had no success. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Breast cancer in males, case presentation and literature review

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):424-428. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios, Centro Médico ISSEMyM Ecatepec, Servicio de Cirugía General. Ecatepec, Estado de México, México

Background: Male breast cancer is a rare entity, with an approximate rate of 1.1 / 100 000 in the US, with an average age of 67 years. In all cases a genetic study must be performed, in order to find mutations in known genes, and after the resolution of the disease, based on the results, a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy should be considered. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge for heart transplantation by Chagas cardiomyopathy

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):429-433. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Cardiología, Servicio de Anestesiología. Ciudad de México, México

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a technique indicated in cases of severe respiratory failure or in situations where pump failure or heart failure is refractory to conventional medical treatment. Our goal was to describe the results of a patient with chronic Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as bridging therapy for heart transplantation.

Case Report: A 62-year old male with a history of Chagas disease and severe ventricular failure who underwent veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as bridging therapy for heart transplantation, with good clinical evolution. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma: Clinical and imaging findings at a large US cancer center.

Breast J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, New York.

Purpose: Evaluate the clinical presentation and imaging findings of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA ALCL) at a large US cancer center.

Materials And Methods: HIPAA-compliant IRB approved retrospective study, for which informed consent was waived. The Hospital Information System was screened for women who underwent implant reconstruction and were diagnosed with BIA ALCL between 2010 and 2016. Read More

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December 2018

Prediction of major depressive disorder onset in college students.

Depress Anxiety 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) in college students is associated with substantial burden.

Aims: To assess 1-year incidence of MDD among incoming freshmen and predictors of MDD-incidence in a representative sample of students.

Method: Prospective cohort study of first-year college students (baseline: n = 2,519, 1-year follow-up: n = 958) RESULTS: The incidence of MDD within the first year of college was 6. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Development and validation of a haematuria cancer risk score to identify patients at risk of harbouring cancer.

J Intern Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK.

Background: A lack of consensus exists among national guidelines regarding who should be investigated for haematuria. Type of haematuria and age specific thresholds are frequently used to guide referral for investigation of haematuria.

Objectives: To develop and externally validate the haematuria cancer risk score (HCRS) to improve patient selection for investigation of haematuria. Read More

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December 2018

Energetic investment associated with vitellogenesis induces an oxidative cost of reproduction.

J Anim Ecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.

1.Oxidative stress is a potential cost of reproduction, but conclusive evidence for this relationship is lacking. The goal of this study was to serially assess across a seasonal gradient the relationship between reproduction, circulating plasma energy metabolites, and oxidative state. Read More

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December 2018

RAD-seq data reveal a cryptic Viburnum species on the North American Coastal Plain.

Syst Biol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, USA.

Species are the starting point for most studies of ecology and evolution, but the proper circumscription of species can be extremely difficult in morphologically variable lineages, and there are still few convincing examples of molecularly-informed species delimitation in plants. We focus here on the Viburnum nudum complex, a highly variable clade that is widely distributed in eastern North America. Taxonomic treatments have mostly divided this complex into northern (V. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pediatric Office Delivery of Smoking Cessation Assistance for Breast-Feeding Mothers.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.

Introduction: National and international organizations have done an excellent job of advocating and promoting breast feeding for all mothers. This study assessed to what extent an intervention increased delivery of cessation assistance to breast-feeding mothers who smoke.

Methods: Data were collected between April and October 2015 in five US states as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 pediatric practices. Read More

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December 2018

APOE-ε4 Genotype is Associated with Elevated Post-Concussion Symptoms in Military Veterans with a Remote History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS); San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: We evaluated the influence of the APOE-ε4 allele on post-concussive symptoms in military Veterans with a remote history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: Participants (N = 77) were administered neuropsychiatric measures, on average, approximately 5 years following their most recent mTBI and provided a DNA sample for APOE genotyping. Veterans were divided into two groups based on their ε4 status (n = 14 ε4+, n = 63 ε4-). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

DAG-informed regression modelling, agent-based modelling and microsimulation modelling: a critical comparison of methods for causal inference.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Leeds Institute for Data Analytics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

The current paradigm for causal inference in epidemiology relies primarily on the evaluation of counterfactual contrasts via statistical regression models informed by graphical causal models (often in the form of directed acyclic graphs, or DAGs) and their underlying mathematical theory. However, there have been growing calls for supplementary methods, and one such method that has been proposed is agent-based modelling due to its potential for simulating counterfactuals. However, within the epidemiological literature, there currently exists a general lack of clarity regarding what exactly agent-based modelling is (and is not) and, importantly, how it differs from microsimulation modelling-perhaps its closest methodological comparator. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study.

JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

Importance: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, including the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subtype in postmenopausal women. Whether excess adiposity is associated with increased risk in women with a normal body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) is unknown.

Objective: To investigate the association between body fat and breast cancer risk in women with normal BMI. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Novel Paranannizziopsis species in a Wagler's viper (Tropidolaemus wagleri), tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatum), and a rhinoceros snake (Rhynchophis boulengeri) in a zoological collection.

Med Mycol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Mycology Unit, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut and IISPV, University Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain.

We report several cases of fungal infections in snakes associated with a new species within the genus Paranannizziopsis. Three juvenile Wagler's vipers (Tropidolaemus wagleri) presented with skin abnormalities or ulcerative dermatitis, and two snakes died. Histologic examination of skin from the living viper revealed hyperplastic, hyperkeratotic, and crusting epidermitis with intralesional fungal elements. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Uveitis involves dysregulation of the ocular immune system. Stress has been shown to affect immune function, but it is unclear whether there is an association between stress and uveitis.

Objective: To determine whether having uveitis is associated with psychological stress. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Journey around the heart in the movies of the last century: from Charlie Chaplin to the present day].

Authors:
Andrea Pozzati

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2018 Dec;19(12):664-667

U.O.S. Cardiologia, Ospedale Dossetti di Bazzano (BO), AUSL di Bologna.

Imagine a journey through the cinema's history to recover the figure of the doctor in the last century. At the same time, we have found that the progress of medicine has conditioned the stories told on the big screen. Cardiology has achieved a leading role at the cinema when technological innovations have begun to emerge, from the '60s onwards. Read More

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December 2018

Outcomes of minority patients with very severe hypertension (>220/>120 mmHg).

J Hypertens 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Clinical Pharmacology Research Unit (CPRU), Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami.

Objectives: Acute severe hypertension is a common problem among inner-city ethnic minority populations. Nevertheless, the effects of currently employed treatment regimens on blood pressure have not been determined in a clinical practice setting. We determined the SBP responses to acute antihypertensive drug protocols and the 2-year natural history of patients presenting with severe hypertension. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnosis and Management of Fungal Periprosthetic Joint Infections.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

From the Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD (Dr. Nace), the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (Dr. Siddiqi), the New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA (Dr. Talmo), and the Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (Dr. Chen).

Fungal periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication because it can be difficult to diagnose, manage, and eradicate. Fungal PJI treatment requires a systematic approach. Increased awareness is essential when patients with painful arthroplasties present with immunosuppression, significant comorbidities, multiple surgeries, and history of drug use. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
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