6,639 results match your criteria Hirsutism


Wet-cupping on calf muscles in polycystic ovary syndrome: a quasi-experimental study.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Biostatistics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Current modalities for treating polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not curative and using them for a long period is associated with adverse effects. According to Persian Medicine recommendations, wet cupping on calf muscles can induce menstrual bleeding. In the present study, the effect of wet-cupping (traditional bleeding from capillary vessels) was assessed on menstrual cycles (as primary outcome), hirsutism, and laboratory manifestation of PCOS. Read More

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First case of cyproterone acetate induced multiple meningiomas in identical female twins: a case report.

Neurochirurgie 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Head of Department, Neurosurgery University Hospital Reims, URCA (Université de Reims Champagne-Ardennes), Reims, France.

Meningiomas are the most common tumors of the central nervous system. Most meningiomas are benign and occur mainly in middle aged women. Only a few cases of meningiomas in identical twins have been reported. Read More

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Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism.

Authors:
T Yoldemir

Climacteric 2021 May 14:1-9. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism is a state of relative or absolute androgen excess originating from the adrenal glands and/or ovaries clinically manifested by the presence of terminal hair in androgen-dependent areas of the body, and other manifestations of hyperandrogenism such as acne and alopecia or the development of virilization. In such circumstances, physicians must exclude the possibility of rare but serious androgen-producing tumors of the adrenal glands or ovaries. Worsening of undiagnosed hyperandrogenic disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, ovarian hyperthecosis, Cushing syndrome and iatrogenic hyperandrogenism should be considered for differential diagnosis. Read More

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Investigation of the , and Mutations and Polymorphisms in Iranian Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Rep Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Jan;9(4):470-477

Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of ovarian dysfunction associated with infertility, Oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, hirsutism, acne, and obesity. A large body of evidence unraveled, three major groups of genes play critical roles in underlying PCOS molecular mechanism. The aim of this study is to investigate critical exonic variant of , and and determine the functionality of these mutations in Iranian patients with PCOS. Read More

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January 2021

Iatrogenic Cushing's Syndrome in Patients with Superficial Dermatophytosis.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar-Apr;12(2):237-243. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital (University of Delhi), Delhi, India.

Background: The epidemic-like scenario of superficial fungal infections in India has been complicated by the prescription of systemic and topical potent steroids. As a result, alarming number of patients are presenting with exogenous Cushing's syndrome.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 23 patients of superficial dermatophytosis on steroids who presented with clinical features like that of Cushing's syndrome. Read More

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Metabolomic Biomarkers in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Review of the Evidence.

Semin Reprod Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation (MCHRI), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrinologic condition affecting one in five women of reproductive age. PCOS is often characterized by disruptions to the menstrual cycle, development of male-pattern hair growth (hirsutism), and polycystic ovary morphology. Recently, PCOS has been linked to metabolic dysfunction, with 40 to 80% of women characterized as overweight or obese. Read More

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Micellar sensitized Resonance Rayleigh Scattering and spectrofluorometric methods based on isoindole formation for determination of Eflornithine in cream and biological samples.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 8;258:119806. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

General Courses Unit, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, King Khalid University, Dhahran Aljanoub, Saudi Arabia.

α-Difluoromethylornithine or Eflornithine is an FDA-approved drug used for the treatment of Sleeping Sickness (as vials dosage form) and also used for diminishing the unwanted excess facial hair in the hirsutism (as creams dosage form). The proposed work is based on the condensation interaction between the amino moiety of Eflornithine and O-phthalaldehyde/2-mercaptoethanol to form a highly fluorescent isoindole derivative. The fluorescence and the Resonance Rayleigh Scattering (RRS) intensities of the reaction product were greatly augmented upon the addition of hexadecyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide by 153% and 250%, respectively. Read More

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Back to the Future: From Appendage Development Toward Future Human Hair Follicle Neogenesis.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 12;9:661787. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.

Hair disorders such as alopecia and hirsutism often impact the social and psychological well-being of an individual. This also holds true for patients with severe burns who have lost their hair follicles (HFs). HFs stimulate proper wound healing and prevent scar formation; thus, HF research can benefit numerous patients. Read More

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Sex Hormones, Metabolic Status, and Obesity in Female Patients with Acne Vulgaris Along with Clinical Correlation: An Observational Cross-Sectional Study.

Indian J Dermatol 2021 Jan-Feb;66(1):60-66

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Acne vulgaris is a common dermatological disorder. Several hormones are suspected to play a role in its etiopathogenesis.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the role of sex-hormones, metabolic status, and obesity in acne vulgaris and correlate with its severity and symptom load. Read More

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Health related quality of life and psychological parameters in different polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes: a comparative cross-sectional study.

J Ovarian Res 2021 Apr 24;14(1):57. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Jalal Al-Ahmad Highway, Nasr Bridge, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is associated with high levels of phsychological implications and detriments to Quality of Life (QoL). The aim of this study was to assess Health- Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), depression, and anxiety in Iranian women with different PCOS phenotypes.

Methods: The present observational, cross-sectional study was carried out on 239 PCOS women who were classified on the basis of Rotterdam criteria into four categories: A (n = 77), B (n = 38), C (n = 68), and D (n = 56). Read More

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Comment on "Androgens and women: COVID-19 outcomes in women with acne vulgaris, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and hirsutism".

Int J Dermatol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Unit of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

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Polycystic ovary syndrome and reproductive health of women: a curious association.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Reproductive health is a broad concept that encompasses mortality, morbidity, and quality of life associated with the reproductive system, mechanism, and incidents encountered at all ages by men and women. Orthodox Indian society finds the conversation on reproductive health to be a taboo and discourages open conversations about it. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive-age metabolic endocrine disorder found in females. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and management of Turner patients with a small supernumerary marker chromosome.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2021 Apr 19:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of Turner syndrome (TS) with a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) and discuss the clinical significance and management of TS patients with sSMC.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 244 patients with disorders of sexual development admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 1984 to July 2020.

Results: Among the 244 patients with a disorder of sexual development, 69 cases of TS were identified in which 13 patients had sSMC. Read More

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The way toward adulthood for females with nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Endocrine 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Females with NC21OHD may present as asymptomatic or develop a wide range of androgen excess expression. Clinical manifestations may become evident in childhood and adolescence and include premature pubarche, precocious puberty, acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorders or present later in life as oligo-ovulation and infertility. Glucocorticoids have been the mainstay of treatment as they regulate excess androgen expression by dampening ACTH activation. Read More

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SHBG as a Marker of NAFLD and Metabolic Impairments in Women Referred for Oligomenorrhea and/or Hirsutism and in Women With Sexual Dysfunction.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 29;12:641446. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Andrology, Women's Endocrinology and Gender Incongruence Unit, Department of Experimental Clinical and Biomedical Sciences "Mario Serio," University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

PCOS is one of the most common endocrine disorders and NAFLD is one of its most dangerous metabolic consequences. The diagnosis of NAFLD is not a practical task and the condition is at risk of being overlooked. The use of simpler but still reliable surrogate markers is necessary to identify women with a high likelihood of NAFLD. Read More

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Bilateral Ovarian Leydig Cell Tumors in a Postmenopausal Woman Causing Hirsutism and Virilization.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jan-Feb;7(1):26-28. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland.

Objective: To evaluate a rare case of a postmenopausal woman with hirsutism and virilization due to Leydig cell tumors (LCTs) of both ovaries.

Methods: In this challenging case, the diagnostic studies included the detection of total/free testosterone, hemoglobin, and estradiol levels; adrenal computed tomography; and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging.

Results: A 61-year-old woman presented for the evaluation of hirsutism. Read More

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December 2020

Use of community-based reference ranges to estimate the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome by the recognised diagnostic criteria, a cross-sectional study.

Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Women's Health Research Program, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Study Question: Does the application of reference ranges for sex steroids and the modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) scale established in the community from which the study sample was drawn, combined with the most conservative polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM) criteria to the recognised diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) improve the certainty of diagnosis of PCOS in non-healthcare-seeking women?

Summary Answer: Despite application of the stringent definitions of the elements used to diagnose PCOS in a non-healthcare seeking community-based sample, the risk of diagnostic uncertainty remains.

What Is Known Already: There is heterogeneity in prevalence estimates for PCOS due, in part, to lack of standardisation of the elements comprising the recognised National Institutes of Health (NIH), Rotterdam and Androgen Excess Society (AE-PCOS) diagnostic criteria. The AE-PCOS Society proposed refinements to the definitions of biochemical androgen excess and PCOM that can now be incorporated into these sets of diagnostic criteria to estimate PCOS prevalence. Read More

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[Cushing syndrome caused by a giant adrenal carcinoma. Report of one case].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Nov;148(11):1679-1683

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile.

We report a previously healthy 34-year-old woman, presenting with a seven-month history of arterial hypertension, amenorrhea, weight gain, facial edema, acne, hirsutism and low back pain. A CT scan showed a right adrenal mass of 18 × 13 × 12.5 cm, and multiple vertebral and rib fractures. Read More

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November 2020

Clinical practice guidelines on the diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and quality assessment study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Reproductive medicine unit, University College London Hospitals, London, UK.

Context: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are key instruments to implement the practice of evidence-based medicine. We aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and variations in CPGs recommendations on the diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Evidence Acquisition: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL until December 2020 for all evidence-based CPGs and consensus statements on PCOS. Read More

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Hirsutism Caused by Pregnancy Luteoma in a Low-Resource Setting: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 24;2021:6695117. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, 9 United Nations Road, Upanga West, P.O. Box 65017, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Background: Pregnancy luteomas are rare, benign, ovarian neoplasms resulting from increased androgenic activity during pregnancy. Often, they occur asymptomatically and are only diagnosed incidentally during imaging or surgery: cesarean section or postpartum tubal ligation. Most common symptoms associated with pregnancy luteoma include acne, deepening of voice, hirsutism, and clitoromegaly. Read More

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Case Report: A Virilizing Adrenal Oncocytoma.

Front Surg 2021 22;8:646459. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Fourth Academic Department of Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

A 64-year-old female was admitted to our clinic with a 9-cm-sized adrenal mass. The patient's main symptom was hirsutism, which included thinning scalp hair and excessive hair growth over her torso and arms. Upon investigation, elevated values of testosterone, androsterone D4, and DHEA-S were found. Read More

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Utility of 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan for spectrofluorimetric and spectrophotometric determinations of the anti-hirsutism agent (α-difluoromethylornithine) in pharmaceutical cream samples.

Luminescence 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

General Courses Unit, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, King Khalid University, Dhahran Aljanoub, Saudi Arabia.

α-Difluoromethylornithine is an effective medication for the treatment of African Trypanosomiasis and widely distributed for the treatment of hirsutism. This work provides an adequate analytical protocol for the spectrophotometric and the spectrofluorimetric determination of α-difluoromethylornithine through its interaction with 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD-chloride) reagent. After optimization of the reaction conditions (NBD-chloride volume, buffer volume, the best diluting solvent, heating time and temperature and pH of the medium) the reaction product was measured spectrophotometrically at λ = 478 nm and spectrofluorimetrically at λ = 540 nm after λ = 475 nm. Read More

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Care for Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Development and Prescribing Patterns of a Multidisciplinary Clinic.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado; Center for Women's Health Research, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado. Electronic address:

Study Objective: Based on updated guidelines and expressed patient needs, we created a multidisciplinary clinic including endocrinology, gynecology/adolescent medicine, dermatology, psychology, and nutrition to provide comprehensive care to adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We describe the patient population presenting to this clinic, and prescribing patterns when a multidisciplinary approach is used.

Design: Retrospective chart review. Read More

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Self-Administered Questionnaire to Screen for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) 2020 16;1(1):566-573. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common yet underdiagnosed endocrinopathy with potentially serious sequelae. A screening questionnaire for PCOS can improve early identification and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to test the utility of a self-administered questionnaire to help identify women at risk for PCOS. Read More

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December 2020

Wiedemann-Steiner Syndrome as a Differential Diagnosis of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Using Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing: A Case Report.

Mol Syndromol 2021 Mar 1;12(1):46-51. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey.

Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with a variable clinical phenotype including synophrys, hypertelorism, thick eyebrows, long eyelashes, wide nasal bridge, long philtrum, hypertrichosis, growth retardation, and intellectual disability. Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare disease characterized by synophrys, long eyelashes, limb abnormalities, generalized hirsutism, growth retardation, and intellectual disability. In both WDSTS and CdLS, the malformations are due to transcriptome disturbance caused by defects in the genes encoding the components of chromatin regulation and transcription process. Read More

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Delayed Identification of Adolescent Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma Initially Diagnosed as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Background: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, isolated malignancy.

Case: A 13-year-old girl presented with secondary amenorrhea, hirsutism, and hypertension. Her clinical manifestations were interpreted as polycystic ovary syndrome and hyperinsulinemia. Read More

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Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate (DHEAS) Levels in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Mar;31(3):253-257

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PNS Hafeez, Naval Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare DHEAS levels among subjects with and without PCOS, evaluating differences between lean-PCOS or obese-PCOS phenotype for insulin resistance, anthropometric indices, glycemic and lipid parameters.

Study Design: Descriptive study. Study Place and Duration of Study: PNS Hafeez Naval Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, from January 2018 to August 2019. Read More

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