148,052 results match your criteria Hip Tendonitis and Bursitis


Mid-calf skeletal muscle density and its associations with physical activity, bone health and incident 12-month falls in older adults: The Healthy Ageing Initiative.

Bone 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Lower skeletal muscle density, indicating greater infiltration of adipose tissue into muscles, is associated with higher fracture risk in older adults. We aimed to determine whether mid-calf muscle density is associated with falls risk and bone health in community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: 2214 community-dwelling men and women who participated in the Healthy Ageing Initiative (Sweden) study at age 70 were included in this analysis. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison of BMD Changes and Bone Formation Marker Levels 3 Years After Bisphosphonate Discontinuation: FLEX and HORIZON-PFT Extension I Trials.

J Bone Miner Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Oncology and Metabolism, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

An ASBMR task force recommends a drug holiday for certain women treated for ≥5 years with oral alendronate or ≥3 years with intravenous zoledronic acid, with reassessment 2-3 years later. It is not known whether changes in BMD or bone turnover markers differ after oral or intravenous therapy. Our goal was to compare changes in BMD and procollagen type I N propeptide, PINP, after oral or intravenous bisphosphonate use. Read More

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December 2018

Mitochondrial DNA mutation m.3243A>G is associated with altered mitochondrial function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, with heteroplasmy levels and with clinical phenotypes.

Diabet Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases Biobank, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Aims: To investigate the associations among heteroplasmy levels (i.e. the proportions of mutant and wild-type mitochondrial DNA in the same cell), mitochondrial function and clinical severity of the m. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term results of the MA-38-mm metal-on-metal articulation.

J Orthop Traumatol 2018 Dec 7;19(1):21. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

UOC Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Ospedale Bolognini ASST Bergamo Est, Seriate, Italy.

Background: Large-diameter head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are associated with increased whole blood levels of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co), adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) and poor survival rates. The prevalence of high metals concentrations, ARMD and the risk of revision surgery may vary significantly among different prostheses and long-term studies are few. This single-center study reports the long-term results of the 38-mm MoM bearing system. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of the efficacy between once-monthly oral ibandronate and risedronate among Korean women with osteoporosis: a nationwide population-based study.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Family Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Wonkwang University Sanbon Hospital, 321, Sanbon-ro, Gunpo-si, 15865, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Using a nationwide database from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, this study showed that once-monthly oral ibandronate (150 mg) had better anti-fracture efficacy than once-monthly oral risedronate (150 mg), as seen on assessing overall and non-vertebral fractures among Korean elderly women with osteoporosis.

Introduction: Once-monthly oral bisphosphonates have been used widely without appropriate comparison. Therefore, we aimed to compare the anti-fracture efficacy of once-monthly ibandronate (150 mg) and once-monthly risedronate (150 mg). Read More

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December 2018

Medial collateral ligament laxity in valgus knee deformity before and after medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy measured with instrumented laxity measurements and patient reported outcome.

J Exp Orthop 2018 Dec 10;5(1):49. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) for valgus deformity correction was first described by Coventry whom performed an additional reefing of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) to prevent instability postoperative. In our clinic the additional reefing procedure has never been performed and instability has not been reported routinely by patients. Using instrumented laxity testing, pre- and postoperative valgus and varus knee laxity can be measured objectively. Read More

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December 2018

Return to activity following revision total hip arthroplasty.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK.

Background: Demand for revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) continues to grow worldwide and is expected to more than double within the next 1-2 decades. The primary aim of this study was to examine return to function following revision THA in a UK population.

Patients And Methods: We assessed 118 patients (132 RTHAs, mean age 65 years SD 13, range 23-88) at a mean follow-up of 7. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating risk factors following surgery for periprosthetic fractures around hip and knee arthroplasties.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust, Royal Stoke Hospital, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 6QG, UK.

Background: The increasing demand for arthroplasty has resulted in an inevitable rise in the number of periprosthetic fractures around implants. Survival factors looking into patient's comorbidities and how they influence outcome are rare. This study aims to identify correlations between survival post-injury and pre-existing comorbidities. Read More

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December 2018

Mid-term clinical results of the cementless R3 cup and Polarstem total hip arthroplasty.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Trauma & Orthopaedic Department, The Hip Arthroplasty Unit, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Wales, NP20 2UB, UK.

Background: There has been a shift from cemented to uncemented hip arthroplasty. One popular uncemented combination is the R3 acetabular cup with Polarstem, having the lowest revision rate in the UK National Joint Registry. However, there are no medium-term clinical outcomes on this combination in the literature. Read More

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December 2018

Retrograde fixation of the lesser trochanter in the adolescent: new surgical technique and clinical results of two cases.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Introduction: Avulsions of the lesser femoral trochanter are rare injuries in the adolescent population. An acute avulsion causes severe functional impairment with compromised hip flexion. Recent literature reports the superiority of surgical treatment for apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescents. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of denosumab vs. bisphosphonates in osteoporosis patients: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

Background: Among the currently available osteoporosis therapeutics, bisphosphonates and denosumab are widely used. However, it remains uncertain which therapy is more effective.

Objective: To determine whether the use of denosumab increases bone mineral density (BMD) and reduces the risk of fractures more than bisphosphonates in patients with low BMD or osteoporosis. Read More

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December 2018
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[Suspected vascular ehlers danlos syndrome. Case report].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):938-942

Departamento de Dermatología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome comprises a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders of the connective tissue, due to defects in collagen or its modifying enzymes. We report a 21 years old male presenting with translucent skin revealing the subcutaneous venous pattern. He had a thin face, large-appearing eyes, thin lips, thin nose, joint hypermotility and history of hip dysplasia. Read More

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Immunohistochemical analysis of bone metabolism in osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):819-824

Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania; Urodiamed Clinic, Craiova, Romania;

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head occurs because of the suppression of blood circulation. At the level of the area affected by the ischemic phenomenon, there are two types of events, in the first stage there is necrosis of the cellular elements, followed by a reparatory phase of the spongy bone tissue. The objective of the study was the histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of bone metabolism in the repair phase. Read More

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January 2018

Pseudotumor and Subsequent Implant Loosening as a Complication of Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty with Ceramic-on-Metal Bearing: A Case Report.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):276-281. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Pseudotumors are not uncommon complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and may occur due to differences in bearing surfaces of the head and the liner ranging from soft to hard articulation. The most common causes of pseudotumors are foreign-body reaction, hypersensitivity and wear debris. The spectrum of pseudotumor presentation following THA varies greatly-from completely asymptomatic to clear implant failure. Read More

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December 2018

Cement Augmentation of Dynamic Hip Screw to Prevent Screw Cut Out in Osteoporotic Patients with Intertrochanteric Fractures: A Case Series.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):269-275. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Kota, India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe a method of inserting cement in the femoral head before fixation with dynamic hip screw to prevent screw cut out due to osteoporosis and to evaluate its clinical outcome in these patients.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective study, 30 patients aged 60 years and older with intertrochanteric fracture were included. Bone mineral density was measured. Read More

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December 2018
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One-stage Hip Reconstruction for Developmental Hip Dysplasia in Children over 8 Years of Age.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):260-268. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery, Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Purpose: This study was performed to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes following one-stage hip reconstruction, consisting of open reduction femoral shortening and pelvic osteotomy, for neglected developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH).

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 77 hips in 65 patients (46 females and 19 males; 12 had bilateral dislocations), operated at a Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital in Pakistan between 2013 and 2015. The average age at surgery was 11. Read More

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December 2018

Outcomes of Internal Fixation with Compression Hip Screws in Lateral Decubitus Position for Treatment of Femoral Intertrochanteric Fractures.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):254-259. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea.

Purpose: Internal fixation using compression hip screws (CHS) and traction tables placing patients in the supine position is a gold standard option for treating intertrochanteric fractures; however, at our institution, we approach this treatment with patients in a lateral decubitus position. Here, the results of 100 consecutive elderly (i.e. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison between Cementless and Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty for Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):241-253. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Purpose: This study was conducted to compare cemented and cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures via meta-analysis and systematic review of relevant studies.

Materials And Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed on 31 available clinical studies; 19 of these studies used cemented stems, 12 used cementless stems, one used both types of stems, and two studies involved a comparative analysis of both stem types.

Results: There were statistically significant differences in rates of leg length discrepancy (LLD) greater than 1 cm between the cemented (event rate, 0. Read More

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December 2018

Does Simultaneous Computed Tomography and Quantitative Computed Tomography Show Better Prescription Rate than Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry for Osteoporotic Hip Fracture?

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):233-240. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of simultaneous computed tomography (CT) and quantitative CT (QCT) in patients with osteoporotic hip fracture (OHF) by analyzing the osteoporosis detection rate and physician prescription rate in comparison with those of conventional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).

Materials And Methods: This study included consecutive patients older than 65 years who underwent internal fixation or hip arthroplasty for OHF between February and May 2015. The patients were assigned to either the QCT (47 patients) or DXA group (51 patients). Read More

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December 2018

Risk Factors of Neuropathic Pain after Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):226-232. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.

Purpose: Pain caused by osteoarthritis is primarily nociceptive pain; however, it is considered that a component of this pain is due to neuropathic pain (NP). We investigated the effects of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with NP diagnosed by the PainDETECT questionnaire.

Materials And Methods: One hundred sixty-three hips (161 patients) were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Utility of False Profile View for Screening of Ischiofemoral Impingement.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):219-225. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI)-primarily diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-is an easily overlooked disease due to its low incidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of false profile view as a screening test for IFI.

Materials And Methods: Fifty-eight patients diagnosed with IFI between June 2013 and July 2017 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Read More

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December 2018

Hip Arthroplasty Using the Bencox® Hip System: An Evaluation of a Consecutive Series of One Thousand Cases.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):210-218. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Purpose: This is a report on the outcomes associated with a consecutive series of 1,000 cementless hip arthroplasties utilizing the Bencox® hip stem-the first Korean-developed hip prosthesis.

Materials And Methods: A consecutive series of 1,000 hip arthroplasties using the Bencox® hip stem were analyzed, starting from its initial release (September 2006) until June 2014. Patients in this consecutive series underwent surgery for fractures (n=552), arthritis (n=155), avascular necrosis (n=209), and revisions (n=84). Read More

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December 2018

Surgical Treatment of the Atypical Femoral Fracture: Overcoming Femoral Bowing.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):202-209. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Atypical femoral fractures differ from ordinary femoral diaphyseal or subtrochanteric fractures in several aspects. Although several authors have reported the results of surgical treatment for atypical femoral fractures, the rate of complications (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Deep Vein Thrombosis Prophylaxis after Total Hip Arthroplasty in Asian Patients.

Authors:
Jun-Shik Kim

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):197-201. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Joint Replacement Center, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

In Western patient populations, the reported incidence of imaging-demonstrated deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is as high as 70% without prophylaxis. The reported rates of symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) after THA in recent studies range from 0.6% to 1. Read More

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December 2018

CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT CONTINUUM FOR MANAGING FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME AND ACETABULAR LABRAL TEARS IN SURGICAL CANDIDATES: A CASE SERIES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1032-1048

Assistant Professor, Doctoral Physical Therapy Programs (DPT and DSc), Baylor University, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA.

Background/purpose: Femoroacetabular impingement Syndrome (FAIS) and the often-associated acetabular labral tears (ALTs) are challenging to treat and consensus to guide effective management is lacking. Recent guidelines suggest physical therapy is beneficial, yet the guidance for specific interventions is unclear. The purpose of highlighting these cases was to describe the outcomes and the clinical reasoning process driving conservative management of subjects with FAIS and ALTs that were deemed surgical candidates. Read More

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December 2018

COMPARISON OF HIP INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ROTATION BETWEEN INTERCOLLEGIATE DISTANCE RUNNERS AND NON-RUNNING COLLEGE STUDENTS.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):956-962

Merrimack College, School of Health Sciences, North Andover, MA, USA.

Background: The increased incidence of lower extremity injury in runners compared to the general population is well documented. The amount of passive hip rotation and the position of hip flexion or extension at which it occurs may be factors related to injury incidence.

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to measure and compare hip rotation passive range of motion in male and female runners and non-runners at 0 and 90 degrees (°) of hip flexion. Read More

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December 2018

Recent updates for biomaterials used in total hip arthroplasty.

Biomater Res 2018 5;22:33. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, 160, Ilsim-Ri, Hwasun-Eup, Hwasun-Gun, Jeonnam 519-809 South Korea.

Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is probably one of the most successful surgical interventions performed in medicine. Through the revolution of hip arthroplasty by principles of low friction arthroplasty was introduced by Sir John Charnley in 1960s. Thereafter, new bearing materials, fixation methods, and new designs has been improved. Read More

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December 2018

Trigonometric Algorithm Defining the True Three-Dimensional Acetabular Cup Orientation: Correlation Between Measured and Calculated Cup Orientation Angles.

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 12;3(3):e0063. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Orthopaedics, Clinical Orthopedic Research Center - mN, Diakonessenhuis Zeist, Zeist, the Netherlands.

Background: Acetabular cup orientation plays a key role in implant stability and the success of total hip arthroplasty. To date, the orientation has been measured with different imaging modalities and definitions, leading to lack of consensus on optimal cup placement. A 3-dimensional (3D) concept involving a trigonometric description enables unambiguous definitions. Read More

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September 2018

Quality-Adjusted Life Years After Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Health-Related Quality of Life After 12,782 Joint Replacements.

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 15;3(3):e0007. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Adult Reconstruction & Joint Replacement Division, The Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Background: The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is the preferred outcome measurement for cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. QALYs measure patient health-related quality of life with use of a value between 0 and 1. Few studies have provided original data delineating QALYs after hip and knee arthroplasty. Read More

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September 2018

The Practice of Overlapping Surgery Is Safe in Total Knee and Hip Arthroplasty.

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 24;3(3):e0004. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida.

Background: Overlapping surgery occurs when a surgeon performs 2 procedures in an overlapping time frame. This practice is commonplace in the setting of total joint arthroplasty and is intended to increase patient access to experienced surgeons, improve efficiency, and advance the surgical competence of surgeons and trainees. The practice of overlapping surgery has been questioned because of safety and ethical concerns. Read More

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September 2018

A Clinical Test to Measure Airborne Microbial Contamination on the Sterile Field During Total Joint Replacement: Method, Reference Values, and Pilot Study.

Authors:
John H Harp

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 24;3(3):e0001. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Sparks Regional Medical Center, Fort Smith, Arkansas.

Background: Airborne microbe-carrying particles in the operating-room environment during total joint replacement are a risk factor for periprosthetic joint infection. The present study focuses on a simple environmental test, based on practices used in aseptic cleanrooms, to quantify the deposition of microbe-carrying particles onto the sterile field.

Methods: Settle plates are exposed Petri dishes. Read More

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September 2018

Quantitative analysis of skeletal muscle by computed tomography imaging-State of the art.

J Orthop Translat 2018 Oct 28;15:91-103. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

AP-HP, Department of Radiology, Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris & Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France.

The radiological assessment of muscle properties-size, mass, density (also termed radiodensity), composition, and adipose tissue infiltration-is fundamental in muscle diseases. More recently, it also became obvious that muscle atrophy, also termed muscle wasting, is caused by or associated with many other diseases or conditions, such as inactivity, malnutrition, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, cancer-associated cachexia, diabetes, renal and cardiac failure, and sarcopenia and even potentially with osteoporotic hip fracture. Several techniques have been developed to quantify muscle morphology and function. Read More

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October 2018

The Tutankhamun Technique in Hip Arthroscopy.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 15;7(11):e1167-e1171. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Laredo Arthroscopy Center, Laredo, Texas, U.S.A.

Hip arthroscopy has been increasing tremendously in the past decade and is a very common surgical procedure to repair femoroacetabular impingement. To access the hip joint, distraction is mandatory to treat intra-articular disorders such as labral tears, cartilage loose bodies, and ligamentum teres tears and to evaluate the condition of the femoral head and acetabular cartilage. To distract the hip, counterdistraction is needed, and this is achieved with placement of a bulky and cushioned perineal post. Read More

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November 2018

Concomitant Arthroscopy With Labral Reconstruction and Periacetabular Osteotomy for Hip Dysplasia.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 15;7(11):e1141-e1147. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

American Hip Institute, Westmont, Illinois, U.S.A.

In the setting of true hip dysplasia, the high prevalence of intra-articular pathology may lead to recurrent symptoms and failure after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). Femoral neck osteochondroplasty, microfracture, removal of loose bodies, and labral repair are examples of procedures that are performed with concomitant arthroscopy. When damage to the labrum is too severe to repair, reconstruction instead of extensive debridement before PAO can be more effective in restoring the labral seal to maintain joint lubrication and chondral protection. Read More

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November 2018

Economic Analysis in a Diagnosis Related Groups System for Two-stage Exchange of Prosthetic-joint Infections.

J Bone Jt Infect 2018 24;3(5):249-254. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois (CHUV), Service d'orthopédie et de traumatologie, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.

There is a constant increase of joint arthroplasties performed, with an infectious risk of 1-2%. Different therapeutic options for prosthetic-joint infections exist, but surgery remains essential. With a two-stage exchange procedure, a success rate above 90% can be expected. Read More

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November 2018

Accuracy of Synovial Leukocyte and Polymorphonuclear Cell Count in Patients with Shoulder Prosthetic Joint Infection.

J Bone Jt Infect 2018 11;3(5):245-248. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Joint aspiration in suspected infected implants is a validated diagnostic method in establishing the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). Cut-off values for synovial leukocyte counts and differentials are well described for patients with hip and knee PJI. In 19 failed shoulder implants, a leucocyte count of >12. Read More

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November 2018

Slipped Upper Femoral Epiphysis: Are We Missing the Point?

Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3394. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Galway University Hospital, Galway, IRL.

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is one of the most common orthopaedic conditions in adolescents. SUFE typically presents as hip pain and limping, but it may present deceptively as knee pain or contralateral hip pain. We discuss a case of a child with a deceptive presentation of SUFE resulting in delayed diagnosis. Read More

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October 2018

Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population.

J Obes 2018 2;2018:3839482. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Center for Clinical Research, Region Vastmanland-Uppsala University, Hospital of Vastmanland, Västerås, Sweden.

We compared weight, height, waist and hip circumferences (hip), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and individually sex- and age-matched control subjects from the general population in the catchment area of the patients and predicted the risk of MI status by these basic anthropometric measures. The study cohort comprised 748 patients ≤80 years of age with acute MI from a major Swedish cardiac center and their individually sex- and age-matched controls. The analyses were stratified for sex and age (≤65/≥66 years). Read More

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October 2018

Disengagement and intrapelvic migration of a dynamic helical hip screw.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Feb 1;14(2):291-297. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.

Some proximal femur fractures may be treated surgically with the use of fracture fixation hardware such as the sliding hip screw and its variants. These devices allow the femoral head and neck fragment to compress against the trochanteric or shaft fragment as the hip screw telescopes into the barrel of the side plate. We describe an unusual complication in which the hip screw disengaged in the opposite direction, migrated through the hip joint, and came to rest inside the pelvic cavity. Read More

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February 2019

Prevalence and treatment of hip and knee osteoarthritis in people aged 60 years or older in Germany: an analysis based on health insurance claims data.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 14;13:2339-2349. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Health Services Research, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany.

Objective: Osteoarthritis (OA) is highly prevalent throughout the world, especially in the elderly population, and is strongly associated with patients' frailty. However, little is known about the prevalence and treatment of OA in elderly patients in routine clinical care in Germany.

Materials And Methods: As a part of Linking Patient-Reported Outcomes with CLAIms Data for Health Services Research in Rheumatology (PROCLAIR), a cross-sectional study using claims data from a large Germany statutory health insurance (BARMER) was conducted. Read More

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November 2018

Three-Dimensional Models in Planning of Revision Hip Arthroplasty with Complex Acetabular Defects.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):625-630

Department of Trauma, Orthopaedics and Disaster Surgery, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow 119991, Russia.

Background: Careful preoperative planning in revision cases with complex acetabular defects is crucial for optimal surgery outcome. However, in many cases, computed tomography (CT) scans cannot give a clear understanding of the pelvic destruction. Three-dimensional (3D) models-based on CT data can help surgeon in planning of complex acetabular reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

Thiazide-associated hyponatremia attenuates the fracture-protective effect of thiazide: A population-based study.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(12):e0208712. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Thiazide, a first-line therapy for hypertension, lowers blood pressure, increases bone mineral density, and reduces the risk of fractures. However, hyponatremia, an adverse effect of thiazide, is associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures. It is currently unclear whether thiazide-associated hyponatremia (TAH) outweighs the protective effects of thiazide. Read More

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December 2018

[Five-year survival and outcomes of chronic hip stump ischemia treatment].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):35-38

Novokuznetsk Scientific and Practical Center for Medical and Social Expertise and Rehabilitation of Disabled, Ministry of Labor of Russia, Novokuznetsk, Russia.

Aim: To investigate five-year survival, short- and long-term outcomes of hip stump ischemia treatment.

Material And Methods: There were 383 patients with hip stump in 1997-2013. Critical hip stump ischemia in 3 months after amputation occurred in 45 patients. Read More

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January 2018

Can Dynamic Ultrasonography of the Hip Reliably Assess Anterior Femoral Head Translation?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

P. A. d'Hemecourt, D. Sugimoto, M. McKee-Proctor, R. L. Zwicker, S. S. Jackson, A. Stracciolini, Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA P. A. d'Hemecourt, S. S. Jackson, E. N. Novais, Y.-J. Kim, M. B. Millis, A. Stracciolini, Department of Orthopaedics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA A. Stracciolini, Department of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA P. A. d'Hemecourt, D. Sugimoto, S. S. Jackson, E. N. Novais, Y.-J. Kim, M. B. Millis, A. Stracciolini, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA P. A. d'Hemecourt, D. Sugimoto, S. S. Jackson, A. Stracciolini, The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, MA, USA.

Background: Hip microinstability has gained attention recently as a potential cause of hip pain. Currently there is a lack of evidence-based objective diagnostic criteria surrounding this diagnosis. Previous studies have shown translation of the femoral head during extreme hip positions. Read More

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November 2018
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CORR Insights®: Are Case Volume and Facility Complexity Level Associated With Postoperative Complications After Hip Fracture Surgery in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System?

Authors:
Brett A Freedman

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

B. A. Freedman, Consultant/Associate Professor, Mayo Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rochester, MN, USA.

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December 2018

Lower Extremity Muscle Strength and Force Variability in Persons With Parkinson Disease.

J Neurol Phys Ther 2019 Jan;43(1):56-62

Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Centers, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida (J.W.S.); and Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville (E.A.C., C.J.H.).

Background And Purpose: Adequate lower limb strength and motor control are essential for mobility and quality of life. People with Parkinson disease (PD) experience a significant and progressive decline in motor capabilities as part of this neurodegenerative disease. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effect of PD on (1) muscular strength and (2) force steadiness in muscles that are primarily responsible for locomotion and stability. Read More

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January 2019

Cemented Femoral Component Use in Hip Arthroplasty.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

From Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand (Dr. Scanelli), the Shenandoah Valley Orthopedics, Fishersville, VA (Dr. Reiser), Riverside Orthopedics, Williamsburg, VA (Dr. Sloboda), and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, VA (Dr. Moskal).

Elderly patients undergoing both elective and nonelective hip arthroplasty contribute markedly to health care spending, and the current aging population is likely to require even more resources. Several national joint replacement registries show a lower risk of revision surgery in patients older than 75 years who received cemented femoral components compared with cementless implants for primary total hip arthroplasty. Despite a higher incidence of early periprosthetic femoral fracture, noncemented femoral components are being used with increasing frequency in elderly patients worldwide. Read More

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December 2018

Postural control skills, proprioception, and risk of fall in long-term survivor patients treated with knee rotationplasty.

Int J Rehabil Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

3rd Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Clinic prevalently Oncologic, IRCCS - Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Knee A1 rotationplasty is a particular type of limb salvage surgery alternative to hip disarticulation and high transfemoral amputation for skeletally immature children with bone cancers in the distal femur. Notwithstanding optimal functional outcomes, long-term survivor patients often report frequent falls, and a sense of instability during gait, particularly on uneven terrain. This study aimed to assess the postural control, the proprioception, and the risk of fall in these patients, which have not been explored before. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence Review Conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery: Focus on Anesthesiology for Hip Fracture Surgery.

Anesth Analg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols represent patient-centered, evidence-based, multidisciplinary care of the surgical patient. Although these patterns have been validated in numerous surgical specialities, ERAS has not been widely described for patients undergoing hip fracture (HFx) repair. As part of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery, we have conducted a full evidence review of interventions that form the basis of the anesthesia components of the ERAS HFx pathway. Read More

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December 2018

Tai Chi Combined With Resistance Training for Adults Aged 50 Years and Older: A Systematic Review.

J Geriatr Phys Ther 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Background And Purpose: Despite Tai Chi and resistance training being recommended as suitable exercise for older adults, there are no systematic reviews synthesizing the effectiveness of a combination of Tai Chi and resistance training on health promotion of older adults. This study aimed to review the existing literature regarding the effect of Tai Chi and resistance training on physical health, mental health, pain, health-related quality of life, and age-related impairment in adults aged 50 years and older.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to report the health outcomes of Tai Chi combined with resistance training research in adults aged 50 years and older. Read More

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December 2018