41,187 results match your criteria Hip Fracture


New drug, new problem: do hip fracture patients taking NOACs experience delayed surgery, longer hospital stay, or poorer outcomes?

Hip Int 2019 Apr 25:1120700019841351. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

2 Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.

Introduction: Neck of femur fractures are common in the comorbid, often anticoagulated, elderly. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) may affect patient outcomes. We aimed to evaluate whether hip fracture patients admitted on warfarin or NOAC therapy were at risk of operative delay, prolonged length of stay, or increased mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120700019841351DOI Listing

Different approaches towards geriatric trauma care for hip fracture patients: an inter-hospital comparison.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Surgery, Antoniusziekenhuis Nieuwegein, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Hip fractures in geriatric patients have high morbidity and mortality rates. The implementation of a multidisciplinary geriatric care pathway (GCP) may improve treatment for this patient population. This study focusses on two level II hospitals with a different treatment protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01129-xDOI Listing

Outcome of short versus conventional stem for total hip arthroplasty in the femur with a high cortical index: a five year follow-up prospective multicentre comparative study.

Int Orthop 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Orthopedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43126, Parma, PR, Italy.

Background: The uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become the choice for many hip surgeons. Although conventional uncemented femoral components have a proven track record, there remain concerns about the rate of thigh pain, proximal stress shielding, and consequent loss of bone stock at revision surgery.

Methods: Inclusion criteria were the following: patients between 50 and 85 years old undergoing primary THA with implant of short (group 1) or conventional (group 2) femoral stem and with femoral shape type A, according to Dorr classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-019-04335-9DOI Listing

Fracture of the neck of an uncemented femoral component unrelated to trunnion corrosion.

Arthroplast Today 2019 Mar 7;5(1):52-56. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a fracture, unrelated to trunnion corrosion, through the midneck of a well-fixed uncemented cobalt-chromium alloy femoral component that had been implanted via a total hip revision arthroplasty 25 years ago. Three years after a second revision for polyethylene wear, the patient noted an acute onset of pain in the left hip. There was no antecedent pain in the hip or thigh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.artd.2019.01.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6470384PMC

Mid-term outcomes of titanium modular neck femoral stems in revision total hip arthroplasty.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Mar;7(5):92

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hôpital Belle-Isle, Hôpitaux Privés de Metz, Metz, France.

Background: Modular stems have been widely studied as they allow intraoperative adjustments (offset, anteversion, limb length) to better restore hip biomechanics. Many authors reported outcomes of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using modular stems with metaphyseal-diaphyseal junctions, however, little is known about modular neck femoral stems (MNFS) with metaphyseal-epiphyseal junctions. We therefore aimed to report outcomes and implant survival of a MNFS in a consecutive series of revision THA at a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2019.01.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462653PMC

Biomechanical investigation of dynamic hip screw and wire fixation on an unstable intertrochanteric fracture.

Biomed Eng Online 2019 Apr 24;18(1):49. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Orthopaedic Research Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, No 100 Shih Chuan 1st road, SanMing district, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Although use of a dynamic hip screw (DHS) for stable intertrochanteric hip fracture fixation has been successfully applied in fracture healing for more than 20 years, DHS fixation on unstable intertrochanteric fractures still has a high failure rate, especially in patients with osteoporosis. Although the wire fixation is usually incorporated with orthopedic device to treat fracture, the wiring techniques are developed through experiences. Thus, this study is objective to investigate the biomechanical property of different wire fixation methods incorporated with DHS system to provide the lesser trochanter fragment stable fixation on osteoporotic TypeA2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12938-019-0663-0DOI Listing

Hip-fracture osteosynthesis training: exploring learning curves and setting proficiency standards.

Acta Orthop 2019 Apr 24:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

a Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation.

Background and purpose - Orthopedic surgeons must be able to perform internal fixation of proximal femoral fractures early in their career, but inexperienced trainees prolong surgery and cause increased reoperation rates. Simulation-based virtual reality (VR) training has been proposed to overcome the initial steep part of the learning curve but it is unknown how much simulation training is necessary before trainees can progress to supervised surgery on patients. We determined characteristics of learning curves for novices and experts and a pass/fail mastery-learning standard for junior trainees was established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2019.1607111DOI Listing

Which is the preferred site for bone mineral density monitoring as an indicator of treatment-related anti-fracture effect in routine clinical practice? A registry-based cohort study.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Medicine (C5121), University of Manitoba, 409 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R2H 2A6, Canada.

Change in total hip bone mineral density (BMD) provides a robust indication of anti-fracture effect during treatment monitoring in routine clinical practice, whereas spine BMD change is not independently associated with fracture risk.

Purpose: The role of monitoring bone mineral density (BMD) as an indicator of an anti-fracture effect is controversial. Discordance between the spine and hip BMD is common and creates uncertainty in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04975-yDOI Listing

Post-traumatic acetabular dysplasia following pelvic fracture malunion associated with an acetabular labral tear: A case report and literature review.

Trauma Case Rep 2019 Jun 17;21:100195. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

Residual acetabular dysplasia has been reported to be the pre-arthritic condition of the hip due to abnormal joint force during the normal physiological load that leads to an acetabular labral tear. This report shows the sequalae of a malunited acetabulo-pelvic fracture that resulted in hip dysplastic morphology and may be the cause of subsequent acetabular labral tears. The under-coverage or the dysplastic alignment of the pelvis after treatment of the fracture should be of concern for a secondary acetabular labral tear of the hip. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23526440193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2019.100195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475764PMC
June 2019
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Tension subcutaneous haematomas associated with anticoagulants in the elderly: Do they have earlier morbidity and mortality than hip fractures?

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Unidad de Traumatología y Politraumatizados, Servicio de Traumatología y Cirugía Ortopédica, Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Complications related to anticoagulant therapy have been widely described, although tension haematomas in the extremities are frequently undervalued, and commonly considered banal pathologies.

Material And Method: Retrospective descriptive study between 2014 and 2017, including patients with limb haematomas after minimal trauma related with anticoagulant therapy, and surgically treated by Traumatology.

Results: 32 cases were eventually included, 81% were women, average age of 83. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recot.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Using Patient-Reported Outcomes to Predict Revision Arthroplasty Following Femoral Neck Fracture: Enhancing the Value of Clinical Registries through Data Linkage.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 12;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia.

The aim of this study was to determine the association between patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) six months following femoral neck fracture after a low fall and future arthroplasty, and the factors associated with this. Six-month post-fracture PROMs were collected from the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry (VOTOR) for patients aged >55 years who were admitted for a femoral neck fracture after a low fall between March 2007 and June 2015. These cases were linked with those registered by Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry (AOANJRR) up to October 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081325DOI Listing

Estimate of the Costs Caused by Adverse Effects in Hospitalised Patients Due to Hip Fracture: Design of the Study and Preliminary Results.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Feb 15;3(1). Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Catolica de Valencia San Vicente Martir, 46001 Valencia, Spain.

Introduction: Hip fracture is a health problem that presents high morbidity and mortality, negatively influencing the patient's quality of life and generating high costs. Structured analysis of quality indicators can facilitate decision-making, cost minimization, and improvement of the quality of care.

Methods: We studied 1571 patients aged 70 years and over with the diagnosis of hip fracture at Hospital Universitario de la Ribera in the period between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3010007DOI Listing
February 2018

Factors associated with gait outcomes in patients with traumatic lumbosacral plexus injuries.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Lumbosacral plexus injuries usually occur in patients with severe, multiple traumas requiring intensive care, affecting gait function. The purpose of the present study was to identify the initial factors associated with gait outcome in lumbosacral plexus injuries caused by traumas.

Methods: We retrospectively identified 664 patients with pelvic fractures caused by trauma between 2006 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01137-xDOI Listing

Patients with Clinically Suspected but Unproven Hip Fractures, Who Require Cross-Sectional Imaging, Are Best Initially Admitted under Geriatrician-Led Care-A Retrospective Review.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Oct 10;3(4). Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cheltenham, GL53 7AN, UK.

Patients with suspected hip fractures who require further imaging to confirm or disprove the diagnosis may be admitted to orthopaedic or medical departments. We aim to provide evidence regarding the appropriate admission pathway for such patients. This is a retrospective study of all suspected hip fracture patients receiving second-line imaging between 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2016 in one hospital trust. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3040068DOI Listing
October 2018

Orthogeriatrics and Hip Fracture Care in the UK: Factors Driving Change to More Integrated Models of Care.

Authors:
Mark Middleton

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Aug 28;3(3). Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Blackshaw Road, Tooting, London SW17 0QT, UK.

In the United Kingdom (UK), approximately 80,000 hip fractures each year result in an estimated annual cost of two billion pounds in direct healthcare costs alone. Various models of care exist for collaboration between orthopaedic surgeons and geriatricians in response to the complex medical, rehabilitation, and social needs of this patient group. Mounting evidence suggests that more integrated models of orthogeriatric care result in superior quality of care indicators and clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030055DOI Listing

One-Year Mortality Rates Before and After Implementing Quality-Improvement Initiatives to Prevent Inpatient Falls (2012⁻2016).

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Mar 5;3(1). Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Acute Medicine, Ysbyty Ystrad Fawr, Aneurin Bevan University Health Board, Ystrad Mynach, Wales CF82 7EP, UK.

Single-room ward design has previously been associated with increased risk of inpatient falls and adverse outcomes. However, following quality initiatives, the incidence of inpatient falls has shown a sustained reduction. Benefits have also been observed in the reduction of hip fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3010009DOI Listing

Consensus Statement on the Use of Bone Turnover Markers for Short-Term Monitoring of Osteoporosis Treatment in the Asia-Pacific Region.

J Clin Densitom 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University & Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Osteoporosis is a major health issue. By 2050, a greater than 2-fold increase in patients number with hip fractures will occur in Asia representing 50% of all hip fractures worldwide. For the Asia-Pacific (AP) region, more efforts on controlling osteoporosis and the subsequent fractures are crucial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Nonmodular Stems Are a Viable Alternative to Modular Stems in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, New York, NY.

Background: Nonmodular and modular femoral stems have been associated with complications after revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA). As such, the ideal femoral component for rTHA remains undecided. This study aims to report outcomes of titanium, tapered-fluted, modular and nonmodular femoral components in rTHA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Long-Term Drug Therapy and Drug Discontinuations and Holidays for Osteoporosis Fracture Prevention: A Systematic Review.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

University of Minnesota and Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota (H.A.F., R.M., K.E.E., K.U., B.C.T., T.J.W.).

Background: Optimal long-term osteoporosis drug treatment (ODT) is uncertain.

Purpose: To summarize the effects of long-term ODT and ODT discontinuation and holidays.

Data Sources: Electronic bibliographic databases (January 1995 to October 2018) and systematic review bibliographies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M19-0533DOI Listing

Changes in Use of Postacute Care Associated With Accountable Care Organizations in Hip Fracture, Stroke, and Pneumonia Hospitalized Cohorts.

Med Care 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, NH.

Objective: To examine changes in more and less discretionary condition-specific postacute care use (skilled nursing, inpatient rehabilitation, home health) associated with Medicare accountable care organization (ACO) implementation.

Data Sources: 2009-2014 Medicare fee-for-service claims.

Study Design: Difference-in-difference methodology comparing postacute outcomes after hospitalization for hip fracture and stroke (where rehabilitation is fundamental to the episode of care) to pneumonia, (where it is more discretionary) for beneficiaries attributed to ACO and non-ACO providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0000000000001121DOI Listing

Chemoprophylaxis for the Hip Fracture Patient: A Comparison of Warfarin and Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 May;33(5):216-219

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals, Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Objective: To compare the rates of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), rates of pulmonary embolus (PE), and complication profiles of warfarin and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing operative fixation of hip fractures.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Insurance-based database of more than 22 million patient records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001435DOI Listing

Epidemiology of fragility hip fractures in Nan, Thailand.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2019 Mar 17;5(1):19-22. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nan Hospital, Nan, Thailand.

Objectives: Hip fracture is the most serious consequence of falling in elderly with osteoporosis. Patients with hip fractures suffer functional deterioration and increased morbidity especially during the first year after fracture. Rapid increase in the proportion of the elderly increases the prevalence of hip fractures in Thailand, leading to major problem for public health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2019.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452923PMC

Predictors of fragility fracture and low bone mineral density in patients with a history of parental fracture.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2019 Mar 15;5(1):6-10. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Lancaster Infirmary, Rheumatology, Ashton Road, Lancaster, Lancashire, UK.

Objectives: Bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fracture (FF) have high heritability, but few data exist on impact of other factors on families with fracture history. We aimed to evaluate predictors of FF and low BMD, in patients with family history of FF.

Methods: This was a retrospective study on patients undergoing dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at a district general hospital (DGH), 2004-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2019.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452922PMC

Polyarticular Neurogenic Heterotopic Ossification in a Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Report from Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2019 Feb 5;11(2):e4019. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, SAU.

A 33-year-old male victim of a motor vehicle accident, who presented with a T12 (thoracic 12 vertebra) burst fracture (ISNCSCI T11 AIS-A: International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury T11 ASIA Impairment Scale), was admitted to a rehabilitation hospital. A stage-II left ischial pressure ulcer was also reported. An X-ray of the pelvis revealed bilateral neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) in both hips and knees, which was further confirmed by TC-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scintigraphy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453613PMC
February 2019

Insulin use and fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of 138,690 patients.

Exp Ther Med 2019 May 1;17(5):3957-3964. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510627, P.R. China.

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been reported to have an enhanced risk of bone fracture, however the association between insulin treatment and risk of fracture in patients with T2DM remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to examine the possible association between insulin treatment and risk of fracture in patients with T2DM. Relevant studies published prior to and including April 2018 were identified by literature searches in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468519PMC

Effectiveness of acute in-hospital occupational therapy for older patients with hip fracture.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: To test the hypothesis that hip fracture patients who receive occupational therapy (OT) have better functional ability than those who do not.

Methods: This retrospective observational study utilized data from the Japan Rehabilitation Database spanning 2005-2015. In-hospital hip fracture patients admitted to acute hospitals were identified. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ggi.13675
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13675DOI Listing
April 2019
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Breakage of metal hip arthroplasty components: Retrieval and structural analysis.

Biomed Mater Eng 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of General Orthopaedics, Musculoskeletal Oncology and Trauma Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Background: Breakage of joint arthroplasty components are rare, yet during an implant retrieval program we found several cases.

Objective: In this study we examined the components to determine the causes and mechanisms of breakage of these implants.

Methods: From our collection of 849 retrievals we selected 682 cases with metal parts (503 hip, 79 knee arthroplasties) and identified fractured components: seven hip resurfacing implants, five total hip replacement stems, one monopolar femoral head, and one modular revision femoral stem from. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BME-191053DOI Listing

Direct superior approach with standard instrumentation for total hip arthroplasty: safety and efficacy in a prospective 200-case series.

Hip Int 2019 Apr 21:1120700019843120. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

1 Academic Orthopaedic Unit, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Aristotle University Medical School, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: Direct Superior Approach (DSA) is a muscle sparing approach for total hip arthroplasty (THA) implemented using special instrumentation. There is a lack of information in the literature concerning DSA with standard instrumentation.

Materials And Methods: 238 patients were recruited for primary THA by a single surgeon from January 2016 until May 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120700019843120DOI Listing

Evaluation of Endoscopic Iliopsoas Tenotomy for Treatment of Iliopsoas Impingement After Total Hip Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Orthopedic & Fracture Specialists, Portland, OR.

Background: Iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) occurs in up to 4.3% of patients resulting in functional groin pain. Operative treatment historically has included open iliopsoas tenotomy or acetabulum revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.030DOI Listing

Prior Hip Arthroscopy Increases Risk for Perioperative Total Hip Arthroplasty Complications: A Matched-Controlled Study.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: Arthroscopic hip surgery is becoming increasingly popular for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement and labral tears. Reports of outcomes of hip arthroscopy converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been limited by small sample sizes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of prior hip arthroscopy on THA complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.066DOI Listing

The spatial differences in bone mineral density and hip structure between low-energy femoral neck and trochanteric fractures in elderly Chinese using quantitative computed tomography.

Bone 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in bone mineral density (BMD) and hip structure between femoral neck and trochanteric fractures in elderly Chinese individuals using quantitative computed tomography (QCT). A total of 625 Chinese patients (mean age 75.8 years) who sustained low-energy hip fractures (female: 293 femoral neck, 175 trochanteric; male: 82 femoral neck, 75 trochanteric) were recruited. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S87563282193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Intramedullary Nail Fixation Assisted by Orthopaedic Robot Navigation for Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients.

Orthop Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Pidu District People's Hospital, Chengdu.

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation for intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation and the traditional intramedullary nail fixation in elderly patients, and to investigate the application advantages of intramedullary nail fixation for femoral intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation in the elderly.

Methods: Among the 51 patients with intertrochanteric fractures who were selected from April 2015 to September 2017 in the Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, 25 patients underwent the intramedullary nail fixation assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation (orthopaedic robot navigation surgery group) and 26 patients underwent the traditional intramedullary nail fixation (traditional surgery group). The operation time, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy images taken, the frequency of guide pins inserted into the femoral marrow cavity, the amount of intraoperative bleeding, and the one-time success rate of the guide pin inserted into the femoral marrow cavity were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12447DOI Listing

Bone mineral density in patients with longstanding type 1 diabetes: Results from the Canadian Study of Longevity in Type 1 Diabetes.

J Diabetes Complications 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Aim: It is currently unclear if longstanding type 1 diabetes (T1D) affects bone mineral density (BMD).

Methods: BMD measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and history of fragility fracture was determined in 75 T1D participants with ≥50 years of diabetes duration and 75 age- and sex-matched non-diabetic controls. BMD T-scores were determined for the lumbar spine (LS), total hip (TH) and femoral neck (FN). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10568727183108
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.12.009DOI Listing
December 2018
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Factors Associated With Bone Density Monitoring While on Antiosteoporosis Treatment in Routine Clinical Practice: A Registry-Based Cohort Study.

J Clin Densitom 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

The role for bone mineral density (BMD) monitoring while on antiosteoporosis therapy remains controversial. The current study used population-based registries to identify factors associated with BMD monitoring in women within 5 yr of receiving antiosteoporosis treatment vs treatment without monitoring in routine clinical practice. The analytical dataset consisted of women age 40 yr and older at baseline receiving antiosteoporosis therapy: 6877 with BMD monitoring (mean interval 3. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10946950193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Denosumab improves clinical manifestations of hypophosphatemic osteomalacia by adefovir-induced Fanconi syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;13(1):99. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Shimotsuga, Tochigi, 321-0293, Japan.

Background: Adefovir dipivoxil is a nucleotide analogue that is approved for treatment of chronic hepatitis B. Adefovir dipivoxil is associated with proximal tubular dysfunction, resulting in Fanconi syndrome, which can cause secondary hypophosphatemic osteomalacia. We describe a case of a patient with hypophosphatemic osteomalacia secondary to Fanconi syndrome induced by adefovir dipivoxil concomitantly with osteoporosis in whom clinical symptoms were improved by adding denosumab (a human monoclonal antibody targeting the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand) to preceding administration of vitamin D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2018-7DOI Listing

Productivity growth of skilled nursing facilities in the treatment of post-acute-care-intensive conditions.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215876. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

Background: Health care is believed to be suffered from a "cost disease," in which a heavy reliance on labor limits opportunities for efficiencies stemming from technological improvement. Although recent evidence shows that U.S. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215876PLOS
April 2019
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Comparison of Risk of Osteoporotic Fracture in Denosumab vs Alendronate Treatment Within 3 Years of Initiation.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192416. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Importance: Head-to-head randomized clinical trials showed greater efficacy of denosumab vs alendronate in improving bone mineral density. Although there is an association of changes in bone mineral density with reductions in fracture risk, the magnitude of the association is not well established.

Objective: To compare the risk of hip and any fracture in patients treated with denosumab and alendronate in routine practice settings. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2416DOI Listing
April 2019
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Correlation between miR-1207-5p expression with steroid-induced necrosis of femoral head and VEGF expression.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(7):2710-2718

Department of Orthopedic, Daqing Oilfield General Hospital, Daqing, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression level of micro-ribonucleic acid-1207-5p (miR-1207-5p) in steroid-induced necrosis of femoral head (SNFH) and its correlation with SNFH. Meanwhile, we also aimed to analyze the relationship between miR-1207-5p expression and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the femoral head.

Patients And Methods: From May 2016 to December 2017, 60 patients aged (55. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17541DOI Listing

Early Mobilization Post-Hip Fracture Surgery.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2019 7;10:2151459319826431. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Flinders University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Early mobilization after hip fracture surgery is a widely practiced component of postoperative care. However, there is little evidence to suggest that early mobilization post-hip fracture surgery is beneficial in reducing postoperative complications. This study aims to investigate the effect of early mobilization following hip fracture surgery on postoperative complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2151459319826431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454638PMC
April 2019
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The Exeter Short Revision Stem for Cement-in-Cement Femoral Revision: A Five to Twelve Year Review.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Centre, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter, United Kingdom.

Background: Cement-in-cement femoral revision is a proven technique in revision total hip arthroplasty, with excellent results reported using standard-sized Exeter stems. The Exeter 44/00/125 short revision stem was introduced in 2004 to facilitate cement-in-cement revision. The stem is 25-mm shorter and has a slimmer body than standard stems to facilitate adjustment of depth of insertion and stem version. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08835403193025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.035DOI Listing
March 2019
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What Is the Impact of a Previous Femoral Osteotomy on THA? A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):1176-1187

E. Gallazzi, L. Zagra, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Hip Department, vi R. Galeazzi, Milan, Italy I. Morelli, G. Peretti, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, via R. Galeazzi Milan, Italy.

Background: Femoral osteotomies have been widely used to treat a wide range of developmental and degenerative hip diseases. For this purpose, different types of proximal femur osteotomies were developed: at the neck as well as at the trochanteric, intertrochanteric, or subtrochanteric levels. Few studies have evaluated the impact of a previous femoral osteotomy on a THA; thus, whether and how a previous femoral osteotomy affects the outcome of THA remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000659DOI Listing
May 2019
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Recommendations for Fall-Related Injury Prevention: A 1-Year Review of Fall-Related Root Cause Analyses in the Veterans Health Administration.

J Nurs Care Qual 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Veterans Health Administration, National Center for Patient Safety, White River Junction, Vermont (Mss Soncrant and Neily and Dr Mills); Veterans Health Administration, VISN 8 Patient Safety Center of Inquiry, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tampa, Florida (Dr Bulat); University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa (Dr Bulat); and The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire (Dr Mills).

Background: Injurious falls continue to challenge health care. Causes of serious falls from the largest health care system in the United States can direct future prevention efforts.

Purpose: This article analyzes injurious falls in the Veterans Health Administration and provides generalizable recommended actions to prevent future events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000408DOI Listing

Centenarian hip fracture patients: a nationwide population-based cohort study of 507 patients.

Acta Orthop 2019 Apr 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

d Department of Clinical Biochemistry , Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen , Hvidovre , Denmark.

Background and purpose - Several studies suggest a global increase of centenarians during the 21st century. We describe temporal trends of hip fracture incidence and mortality in this group and compare these patients with a group of younger hip fracture patients with regards to comorbidities and mortality. Patients and methods - The full study population included all hip fractures that occurred in Denmark (n = 154,047) between 1996 and 2012. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17453674.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2019.1602386DOI Listing
April 2019
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[Comparison of the effects of two cephalomedullary nails (zimmer natural nail and proximal femoral nail antirotation) in treatment of elderly intertrochan teric fractures].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Apr;51(2):283-287

Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of cephalomedullary nails for elderly intertrochanteric fractures: proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) versus zimmer natural nail (ZNN) to provide the data support for clinical perioperative management.

Methods: A retrospective study was used to analyze the clinical data of elderly intertrochanteric fractures cases which were treated with PFNA or ZNN fixation from May 2016 to May 2017. In the study, 59 cases were followed up completely, in which 28 cases accepted PFNA, and the other 31 cases accepted ZNN. Read More

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April 2019
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Cementless short-stem total hip arthroplasty in the elderly patient - is it a safe option?: a prospective multicentre observational study.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Apr 17;19(1):112. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, St. Josefs Hospital Wiesbaden, Beethovenstr. 20, 65189, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Background: Due to its bone preserving philosophy, short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) has primarily been recommended for young and active patients. However, there may be benefits for elderly patients given a less invasive operative technique due to the short curved implant design. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes as well as perioperative complications of a calcar-guided short stem between a young (< 60 years) and a geriatric (> 75 years) population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1123-1DOI Listing

Large cortical bone pores in the tibia are associated with proximal femur strength.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0215405. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies, Charité -Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Alterations of structure and density of cortical bone are associated with fragility fractures and can be assessed in vivo in humans at the tibia. Bone remodeling deficits in aging women have been recently linked to an increase in size of cortical pores. In this ex vivo study, we characterized the cortical microarchitecture of 19 tibiae from human donors (aged 69 to 94 years) to address, whether this can reflect impairments of the mechanical competence of the proximal femur, i. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215405PLOS
April 2019
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[Orthogeriatric care : what specificities ?]

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):810-814

Service des maladies osseuses, Département de médecine, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

Hip fracture in the elderly is associated with an increase in disability and mortality. Early intervention programs accelerate the recovery period and reduce mortality. The intervention of geriatricians, with direct responsibility during the acute phase, has demonstrated an optimal benefit, as well as joint management by a geriatrician and an orthopedist. Read More

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April 2019
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Assessment of a Geriatric Hip Fracture Program: Analysis of Harmful Adverse Events Using the Global Trigger Tool.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(8):704-709

Department of Orthopedics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of adding a geriatric comanagement program to the care of geriatric patients with a hip fracture at our hospital. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Global Trigger Tool (GTT) was used to follow the frequency and severity of adverse events occurring in hospitalized patients and to examine the effectiveness of a comanagement program (the Geriatric Hip Fracture Program [GHFP]).

Methods: Data were collected for patients treated for a hip fracture from 2010 to 2014, which was 1 year prior to (October 2010 to September 2011) and 2 years after the implementation of the GHFP, and were grouped into 3-month intervals for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00376DOI Listing
April 2019
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The association between hand grip strength and rehabilitation outcome in post-acute hip fractured patients.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Center, 4 Hachamisha St, 49245, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Purpose: Various factors have been shown to affect the rehabilitation outcome of hip fractured patients. Considering the decrease in muscle mass with aging and its impact on mobility, we hypothesized that a relationship exists between hand grip strength and rehabilitation outcome.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 373 post-hip fracture patients, admitted for rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-019-01200-yDOI Listing

Relationship between comorbidities and treatment decision-making in elderly hip fracture patients.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, NO. 37 GuoXue Road, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: Elderly patients are at a higher risk for hip fracture. Moreover, hospitalized elderly patients with hip fracture are vulnerable to adverse outcomes including higher mortality rate and long-term disability. Treatment decision-making with respect to surgical procedure and perioperative management of these patients is typically challenging owing to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-019-01134-5DOI Listing