3,635,797 results match your criteria High HDL Cholesterol Hyperalphalipoproteinemia


Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome in Mitochondrial Disease.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Jan;60(1):106-114

Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Previous studies have shown that neurologic symptoms are dominant in patients with mitochondrial diseases, and most of these patients have seizure-related disorders. The epileptic classification of these patients as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is as high as 25%. This study aimed to investigate the clinical manifestations, diagnoses, treatments, and epilepsy in LGS, which is associated with mitochondrial disease. Read More

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January 2019

Sodium Chloride Aggravates Arthritis via Th17 Polarization.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Jan;60(1):88-97

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Sodium chloride (NaCl) has been proposed as a driving factor in autoimmune diseases through the induction of pathogenic CD4 T helper cells that produce interleukin-17 (Th17 cells). This study investigated the effects of NaCl on inflammatory arthritis in mice and humans.

Materials And Methods: Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice were fed a normal or high-salt diet , and clinical and histologic features of arthritis were evaluated. Read More

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January 2019

Matrine Suppresses Pancreatic Fibrosis by Regulating TGF-β/Smad Signaling in Rats.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Jan;60(1):79-87

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the anti-pancreatic fibrosis effects of matrine in rats.

Materials And Methods: Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid was administrated to rats to establish a pancreatic fibrosis model. Rats were divided into four groups: Control, Sham, Model, and Matrine (n=8). Read More

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January 2019

Quality of Bowel Preparation for Colonoscopy in Patients with a History of Abdomino-Pelvic Surgery: Retrospective Cohort Study.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Jan;60(1):73-78

Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

Purpose: Prior abdomino-pelvic (AP) surgery makes colonoscopy difficult and can affect bowel preparation quality. However, bowel preparation quality has been found to vary according to prior AP surgery type. We examined the relationship of prior AP surgery type with bowel preparation quality in a large-scale retrospective cohort. Read More

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January 2019

Antithrombotic Medication and the Risk of Vitreous Hemorrhage in Atrial Fibrillation: Korean National Health Insurance Service National Cohort.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Jan;60(1):65-72

Division of Cardiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Antithrombotic therapy could be related with nuisance bleeding. This study investigated whether vitreous hemorrhage (VH) is associated with specific types of antithrombotic medication in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Materials And Methods: In the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort, we identified 9352 antiplatelet/anticoagulant-treated AF patients. Read More

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January 2019

Genomic sequence capture of haemosporidian parasites: Methods and prospects for enhanced study of host-parasite evolution.

Mol Ecol Resour 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Museum of Southwestern Biology and Department of Biology, MSC03 2020, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131-0001, USA.

Avian malaria and related haemosporidians (Plasmodium, [Para]Haemoproteus, and Leucocytoozoon) represent an exciting multi-host, multi-parasite system in ecology and evolution. Global research in this field accelerated after 1) the publication in 2000 of PCR protocols to sequence a haemosporidian mitochondrial (mtDNA) barcode, and 2) the development in 2009 of an open-access database to document the geographic and host ranges of parasite mtDNA haplotypes. Isolating haemosporidian nuclear DNA from bird hosts, however, has been technically challenging, slowing the transition to genomic-scale sequencing techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Overcoming the challenges of pen-side molecular diagnosis of African swine fever to support outbreak investigations under field conditions.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.

African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease of pigs. Without a vaccine, early detection and rapid diagnosis of ASF is a crucial step towards effective disease control. In many countries where ASF is endemic, laboratory infrastructure including sampling and sample shipment is inadequate, and a rapid laboratory confirmation would require that the diagnosis is performed at regional laboratories close to the pig farms of concern, or even at the farm-side. Read More

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December 2018

Operative and Anesthetic Factors Influencing on Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit: An Analysis of Electronic Health Records.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Aims And Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the operation, anesthesia, and recovery related factors affecting the occurrence of delirium in the intensive care unit.

Background: The occurrence rate of postoperative delirium is high in surgical patients. Postoperative delirium most frequently occurs usually within 3 days after an operation. Read More

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December 2018

The survival of pathogenic bacteria and plant growth promoting bacteria during mesophilic anaerobic digestion in full-scale biogas plants.

Anim Sci J 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Graduate School of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.

The introduction of biogas plants is a promising way to recycle organic wastes with renewable energy production and reducing greenhouse gas. Application of anaerobic digestate as a fertilizer reduces the consumption of chemical fertilizers. In this study, the survival of pathogenic bacteria and plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) in two full-scale biogas plants operated at mesophilic condition were investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Treatment of erlotinib induced acneiform eruption with chromophore gel-assisted phototherapy.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

University of New South Wales, High St, Kensington, New South Wales, 2052, Australia.

A 49-year-old female presented with an acneiform eruption induced by erlotinib. She had been diagnosed with Stage IV (T1N3M1) EGFR mutant adenocarcinoma of the lung and commenced on erlotinib 150mg daily. Within three days she developed an acneiform eruption prompting empiric treatment with topical hydrocortisone and systemic doxycycline 100mg daily. Read More

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December 2018

UV-B-activated B16 melanoma cells or HaCaT keratinocytes increase melanogenesis via ANGPTL2 induction, an activity antagonized by Chrysanthemum extract.

Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.

Sunburn causes inflammation, which increases melanin production in skin and causes hyperpigmentation. Angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL) 2 is an inflammatory mediator induced in sun-exposed skin areas. However, whether ANGPTL2 functions in melanin production remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018
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A Survey on the Prevalence and Risk Indicators of Erosive Tooth Wear among Adolescents in Guangzhou, South China.

J Oral Rehabil 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Southern Medical University, Savaid Medical School, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Background: Erosive tooth wear (ETW) has become a crucial oral health problem over the decades in China.

Objectives: To explore the prevalence and risk indicators of ETW among adolescents in Guangzhou, south China.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 720 participants was conducted in Guangzhou, using an equal-sized, stratified, multistage random sampling approach. Read More

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December 2018

House dust mite drives pro-inflammatory eicosanoid reprogramming and macrophage effector functions.

Allergy 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Technical University of Munich and Helmholtz Center Munich, member of the German Center for Lung Research, 80802, Munich, Germany.

Background: Eicosanoid lipid mediators play key roles in type 2 immune responses, e.g. in allergy and asthma. Read More

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December 2018

Deficits in Inhibitory Control May Place Service Members at Risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Negative Parenting Behavior Following Deployment-Related Trauma.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec;31(6):866-875

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

This study examined the mediating role of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the association between deployment-related trauma exposure and parenting behaviors in reserve-component military service members and whether this association was contingent upon parent inhibitory control (IC). Participants were 181 postdeployed fathers and their children. Fathers completed a neurospychological test of IC and self-report measures of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

Advances in understanding obligate biotrophy in rust fungi.

New Phytol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

UMR 1136 INRA/Université de Lorraine Interactions Arbres/Microorganismes, INRA Centre Grand Est - Nancy, 54280, Champenoux, France.

Rust fungi (Pucciniales) are the largest group of plant pathogens and represent one of the most devastating threats to agricultural crops worldwide. Despite the economic importance of these highly specialized pathogens, many aspects of their biology remain obscure largely because rust fungi are obligate biotrophs. The rise of genomics and advances in high-throughput sequencing technology have presented new options for identifying candidate effector genes involved in pathogenicity mechanisms of rust fungi. Read More

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December 2018

Subconjunctival draining minimally-invasive glaucoma devices for medically uncontrolled glaucoma.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 16;12:CD012742. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Ophthalmology, Nottingham University Hospital, Derby Road, Nottingham, UK, NG7 2UH.

Background: Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness. Subconjunctival draining minimally-invasive glaucoma devices such as the Xen gelatin implant and InnFocus stent have been introduced as a treatment to prevent glaucoma progressing.These implants provide a channel to allow aqueous humour from the anterior chamber of the eye to drain into the subconjunctival space on the surface of the eye thus reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) and mimicking the mechanism of the most commonly undertaken glaucoma surgery, trabeculectomy. Read More

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December 2018

Re-examining the role of adjuvant radiation therapy.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Surgical Oncology, Northern Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Previously important roles for adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in melanoma patients included improved regional control after resection of high-risk nodal disease, to reduce local recurrence for desmoplastic, and other subtypes of melanoma with neurotropism, reducing in-brain relapse of brain metastases after surgery and other situations on a case-by-case basis. This review evaluates the integration of adjuvant RT into clinical practice at this time of rapidly evolving knowledge and improving outcomes from effective systemic therapy. Read More

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December 2018

Elevated levels of serum nitrite and nitrate, NOx, are associated with increased total and cardiovascular mortality in an 8-year follow-up study.

Eur J Clin Invest 2018 Dec 16:e13061. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

National Medical Research Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, 10 Petroverigsky per., Building 3, Moscow, 101990, Russia.

Background: Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the key regulators of vascular function. Abnormal NO signaling is linked to various cardiovascular diseases. We studied associations between circulating levels of nitric oxide metabolites, nitrite and nitrate (NOx), and total and cardiovascular mortality in a prospective 8-year follow-up cohort study in 1869 patients aged over 55 years. Read More

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December 2018

Red flags for appropriate referral to the gastroenterologist & rheumatologist of patients with inflammatory bowel disease & spondyloarthritis.

Clin Exp Immunol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

IBD Unit, Presidio Columbus, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Collaboration between gastroenterologists and rheumatologists is recommended for correct management of patients with associated spondyloarthritis (SpA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to establish the appropriateness of several red flags for a prompt specialist referral. A systematic review of the literature was performed using the GRADE method to describe the prevalence of coexisting IBD-SpA and the diagnostic accuracy of red flags proposed by a steering committee. Read More

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December 2018

Depression, anxiety, and stress among college students in Jordan and their need for mental health services.

Nurs Forum 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Introduction: Psychological distress (in the form of depression, anxiety, and stress) among college students is prevalent and increasing. In most instances, college students with mental health issues are not seeking treatment. Although not a new phenomenon, little progress has been made toward promoting students' use of mental health services in Jordan. Read More

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December 2018

Iterative cytoreductive surgery with or without hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for colorectal peritoneal metastases: A multi-institutional experience.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

St. George Hospital & University of New South Wales, Department of Surgery, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: The aims of this multi-institutional study were to assess the feasibility of iterative cytoreductive surgery (iCRS)/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, iCRS in colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRPC), evaluate survival, recurrence, morbidity and mortality outcomes, and identify prognostic factors for overall survival.

Methods: Patients with CRPC that underwent an iCRS, with or without intraperitoneal chemotherapy, from June 1993 to July 2016 at 13 institutions were retrospectively analyzed from prospectively maintained databases.

Results: The study comprised of 231 patients, including 126 females (54. Read More

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December 2018

The Challenge to Search for New Nervous System Disease Biomarker Candidates: the Opportunity to Use the Proteogenomics Approach.

J Mol Neurosci 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Laboratory of Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, prion diseases, schizophrenia, and multiple sclerosis are the most common nervous system diseases, affecting millions of people worldwide. The current scientific literature associates these pathological conditions to abnormal expression levels of certain proteins, which in turn improved the knowledge concerning normal and affected brains. However, there is no available cure or preventive therapy for any of these disorders. Read More

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December 2018

Fecal volatile organic compounds for early detection of colorectal cancer: where are we now?

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, AG&M Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: The fecal volatolome, which is composed of fecal volatile organic compounds (VOCs), seems to hold potential as non-invasive biomarker for the detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and its precursor lesions advanced adenomas (AA). The potential of the fecal volatolome has been subject of various studies using either chemical analytical or pattern-recognition techniques. The available literature on the potential of the fecal volatolome as CRC and AA biomarker was reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Overcoming bioethical, legal, and hereditary barriers to mitochondrial replacement therapy in the USA.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Exergen Corporation, Watertown, MA, USA.

The purpose of the paper is to explore novel means to overcome the controversial ban in the USA against mitochondrial replacement therapy, a form of IVF, with the added step of replacing a woman's diseased mutated mitochondria with a donor's healthy mitochondria to prevent debilitating and often fatal mitochondrial diseases. Long proven effective in non-human species, MRT recently performed in Mexico resulted in the birth of a healthy baby boy. We explore the ethics of the ban, the concerns over hereditability of mitochondrial disease and its mathematical basis, the overlooked role of Mitochondrial Eve, the financial burden of mitochondrial diseases for taxpayers, and a woman's reproductive rights. Read More

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December 2018

Gut microbiome approaches to treat obesity in humans.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, State University of São Paulo (UNESP), Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

The rising worldwide prevalence of obesity has become a major concern having many implications for the public health and the economy. It is well known that many factors such as lifestyle, increased intake of foods high in fat and sugar and a host's genetic profile can lead to obesity. Besides these factors, recent studies have pointed to the gut microbiota composition as being responsible for the development of obesity. Read More

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December 2018

Genome analysis and -omics approaches provide new insights into the biodegradation potential of Rhodococcus.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 2, 20126, Milan, Italy.

The past few years observed a breakthrough of genome sequences of bacteria of Rhodococcus genus with significant biodegradation abilities. Invaluable knowledge from genome data and their functional analysis can be applied to develop and design strategies for attenuating damages caused by hydrocarbon contamination. With the advent of high-throughput -omic technologies, it is currently possible to utilize the functional properties of diverse catabolic genes, analyze an entire system at the level of molecule (DNA, RNA, protein, and metabolite), simultaneously predict and construct catabolic degradation pathways. Read More

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December 2018

Intraoperative stent placement for the treatment of acute portal vein complications in pediatric living donor liver transplantation.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of General Surgery, Division of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplant Unit, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Juan D. Peron 4190, C1181ACH, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Purpose: Pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in low weight recipients remains one of the most complex surgical procedures, with portal vein (PV) complications occurring in up to 19% of cases. When decreased PV flow is diagnosed intra- or perioperatively, intraoperative stent placement is a good substitute for surgical adjustment. Still, at the present moment, little is known about the technical feasibility, safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of intraoperative stenting in LDLT. Read More

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December 2018

Radiotherapy for oligometastatic cancer: a survey among radiation oncologists of Lombardy (AIRO-Lombardy), Italy.

Radiol Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

S. C. Radioterapia, ASST dei Sette Laghi-Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy.

Aims: To evaluate the use of radiotherapy (RT) for oligometastatic cancer (OMC) among radiation oncologists in Lombardy, Italy.

Methods And Study Design: A survey with 12 items regarding data of 2016 was sent to all 34 Lombardy RT centers. The survey included six general items and six specific items regarding patient/disease/treatment characteristics. Read More

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December 2018

Resveratrol Protects Against Renal Damage via Attenuation of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in High-Fat-Diet-Induced Obese Mice.

Inflammation 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, No. 1 Weigang, Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Oxidative stress and inflammation play an important role in the chronic kidney disease associated with obesity. Resveratrol (RSV) has been reported to exhibit a wide range of biological activities including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of RSV on renal inflammation and oxidative stress in obese mice induced by high-fat diet. Read More

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December 2018

Adsorption and in vitro release study of curcumin form polyethyleneglycol functionalized multi walled carbon nanotube: kinetic and isotherm study.

Daru 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Food Industry and Agriculture, Standard Research Institute (SRI), Karaj, P.O. Box: 31745-139, Iran.

Polyethylene glycol functionalized with oxygenated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (O-PEG-MWCNTs) as an efficient nanomaterial for the in vitro adsorption/release of curcumin (CUR) anticancer agent. The synthesized material was morphologically characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, the CUR adsorption process was assessed with kinetic and isotherm models fitting well with pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherms. Read More

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December 2018

Sudden unexpected infantile death due to undiagnosed ventricular septal defect-associated heart failure with single coronary artery.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Legal Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8521, Japan.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) generally has a good prognosis unless complicated by heart failure (HF). We report a case of sudden infant death because of clinically undiagnosed VSD in a seemingly healthy 16-day-old boy. Although a cardiac murmur was auscultated at birth, detailed clinical examination was not performed. Read More

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December 2018

Visualization technologies for 5-ALA-based fluorescence-guided surgeries.

J Neurooncol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Introduction: 5-ALA-based fluorescence-guided surgery has been shown to be a safe and effective method to improve intraoperative visualization and resection of malignant gliomas. However, it remains ineffective in guiding the resection of lower-grade, non-enhancing, and deep-seated tumors, mainly because these tumors do not produce detectable fluorescence with conventional visualization technologies, namely, wide-field (WF) surgical microscopy.

Methods: We describe some of the main factors that limit the sensitivity and accuracy of conventional WF surgical microscopy, and then provide a survey of commercial and research prototypes being developed to address these challenges, along with their principles, advantages and disadvantages, as well as the current status of clinical translation for each technology. Read More

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December 2018

Overexpression of the cancer stem cell marker CD133 confers a poor prognosis in invasive breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Nottingham Breast Cancer Research Centre, Division of Cancer and Stem Cells, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Purpose: CD133/ prominin 1 is a cancer stem cell marker associated with cancer progression and patient outcome in a variety of solid tumours, but its role in invasive breast cancer (BC) remains obscure. The current study aims to assess the prognostic value of CD133 expression in early invasive BC.

Methods: CD133 mRNA was assessed in the METABRIC cohort and at the proteomic level using immunohistochemistry utilising a large well-characterised BC cohort. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Physicochemical and Biological Stability of 36-Months-Aged SB5 (Adalimumab Biosimilar) for 4 Weeks at Room Temperature.

Adv Ther 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Analytical Method Development Team, Samsung Bioepis Co., Ltd., Incheon, South Korea.

Introduction: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) inhibitors, such as adalimumab, have shown success in treating autoimmune inflammatory diseases but are associated with substantial financial burdens to the healthcare system. Biosimilars, which are highly similar to biologic agents, offer the potential to reduce the financial burden of treatment. In the case of TNF-alpha inhibitors, they may also offer improved stability and enable prolonged use. Read More

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December 2018

Unhealthy lifestyle and oxidative damage in childhood obesity.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Purpose: Oxidized LDL cholesterol (oxLDL) has been considered as a sensor of oxidative stress (OS) in childhood obesity. We integrated and related our oxLDL existing results previously assessed in overweight/obese children to lifestyle variables to investigate OS-related lifestyle variables.

Methods: 178 Caucasian children/adolescents have been evaluated and according to BMI percentiles have been classified as normal weight (BMI < 75th); overweight (BMI 75-97th) and obese (BMI > 97th). Read More

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December 2018

Classification of the superior angle of the scapula and its correlation with the suprascapular notch: a study on 303 scapulas.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

Purpose: The aims of this study had been to classify the superior angle of the scapula based on morphological features, and to investigate its correlation with the suprascapular notch.

Methods: 303 samples of Chinese dried scapular specimens were collected from the Department of anatomy, Southwest Medical University. According to the anatomical morphological characteristics of the superior angle of the scapula, the morphological classification was performed to explore its correlation with the suprascapular notch (SSN). Read More

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December 2018

Bacterial community activity and dynamics in the biofilm of an experimental hybrid wetland system treating greywater.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.

The objectives of this study were to determine the biofilm microbial activity and bacterial community structure and successions in greywater treatment filters and to relate the treatment efficiency to the bacterial community parameters. This 10-month study was performed in a newly established experimental system for domestic greywater treatment that consisted of three parallel vertical flow filters (VFs) followed by a horizontal flow filter (HF). A rapid increase in the bacterial community abundance occurred during the first 85 days of filter operations, followed by a short-term decrease and the stabilization of the 16S rRNA gene copy numbers at average levels of 1. Read More

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December 2018

Development of a model for food waste composting.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Faculty of Food Engineering, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, 13 Universitatii Street, 720229, Suceava, Romania.

Worldwide, large amounts of food are wasted every year. Reducing of food waste at European level is taken very seriously and it has been adopted even a target of reducing the amount of food waste in half until 2030. In many countries of the European Union, food wastes are composted, while in countries like Romania, the composting is too little used or not at all, but efforts are being made to apply this process. Read More

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December 2018

High accumulation of tilianin in in-vitro cultures of Agastache mexicana and its potential vasorelaxant action.

Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Av. Universidad 1001, Col. Chamilpa, C.P. 62209, Cuernavaca, MOR, México.

Agastache mexicana has gained importance during the last decade as a natural source of bioactive compounds, mainly due to the antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, and vasorelaxant effects derived from its flavonoids, particularly tilianin. The goal of this work was to evaluate the production of tilianin during the in-vitro process of morphogenesis leading to plant regeneration and to investigate the vasorelaxant activity of its methanolic extracts. The cultures were established from nodal segments and leaf explants, inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media supplemented with various concentrations of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) alone or in combination with 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Read More

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December 2018

Transmission electron microscopy and histological analysis of the peridural membrane.

Ir J Med Sci 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital Galway, Newcastle Road, Galway, Ireland.

Introduction: While first described in 1904, the characterisation of the peridural membrane, which is frequently encountered, yet usually unnoticed, during lumbar decompression surgery, remains inconclusive. This relatively little known membrane is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament and lines the epidural space. In this study, we are comparing the membrane and ligamentum flavum from patients to analyse the variations of the histological and ultrastructural compositions. Read More

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December 2018

Are We Serving the Most At-Risk Communities? Examining the Reach of a South Carolina Home Visiting Program.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

In addition to individual-level characteristics, characteristics of the social and physical environments in which individuals reside may adversely impact health outcomes. Careful attention to the role of "place" can result in programs that successfully deliver services to those most at risk. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used geocoded residential addresses from 3090 households enrolled in a South Carolina (SC) home visiting program, 2013-2016, and corresponding years of data for maternal and child health outcomes obtained from vital records data. Read More

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December 2018

Ambient geochemical baselines for trace elements in Chernozems-approximation of geochemical soil transformation in an agricultural area.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Dec 15;191(1):19. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection, Grunwaldzka 53, 50-357, Wrocław, Poland.

The legal regulatory/action levels of trace elements in soils are established at high concentrations, at which the crucial functions of soil are at risk or are eliminated. However, concentrations below these action levels, but above presumed natural levels, may also limit particular ecosystem services, including organic food production. Thus, defining the (ambient) background concentrations is an essential part of environmental or health risk assessment, e. Read More

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December 2018

Interaction of H. pylori with toll-like receptor 2-196 to -174 ins/del polymorphism is associated with gastric cancer susceptibility in southern China.

Int J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Changzhou No. 2 People's Hospital, Xinglong Xiang 29, Changzhou, 213000, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Genetic polymorphisms of Toll-like receptors play important roles in gastric carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the role of TLR2-196 to -174 ins/del polymorphism in gastric cancer susceptibility and prognosis.

Methods: This study included 520 people from southern China. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative analysis of intracellular metabolites, proteins and their molecular functions in a flor yeast strain under two enological conditions.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 15;35(1). Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Microbiology, Severo Ochoa (C6) building, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence ceiA3, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

Flor yeasts confer a wide range of organoleptic properties to Sherry-type wines during a process called "biological aging" that takes place after alcoholic fermentation. These kinds of yeasts adapt to a biological aging condition by forming a biofilm known as "flor velum" and by changing from fermentative to oxidative metabolism. It has been reported that some functions such as increase of cell surface hydrophobicity or changes to lipid metabolism are enhanced when yeasts switch to biofilm lifestyle. Read More

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December 2018

Late systemic symptoms in head and neck cancer survivors.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue, 777 Preston Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Purpose: Neuroinflammation and central sensitization from cancer and its therapy may result in chronic systemic symptoms (CSS) such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, chronic widespread pain, mood disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and temperature dysregulation. We undertook a cross-sectional study of CSS in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors to determine their frequency, severity, and impact.

Methods: HNC patients without evidence of recurrence who were at least 12 months post-treatment completed a one-time battery of self-report measures including the Vanderbilt Head and Neck Symptom survey plus the General Symptom Subscale, the Body Image Quality of Life Inventory, Neurotoxicity Rating Scale, the Profile of Mood States, and a five-item quality of life measure. Read More

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December 2018

Nerve echogenicity and intranerve CSA variability in high-resolution nerve ultrasound (HRUS) in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP).

J Neurol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Neurology, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Hattingen, Bredenscheider Str. 54, 45525, Hattingen, Germany.

Objective: HRUS is increasingly being used in the diagnosis and evaluation of autoimmune neuropathies such as CIDP. Recently, studies focused not only on changes of nerves size, but also the fascicular structure and the echogenicity changes in CIDP. However, little is known about the alterations of echogenicity in the long-term course in CIDP. Read More

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December 2018

Administrative healthcare data applied to fracture risk assessment.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Fracture risk scores generated from population-based administrative healthcare data showed comparable or better discrimination than the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) scores computed without bone mineral density for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture. Administrative data may be useful to identify individuals at high fracture risk at the population level.

Purpose: To evaluate the discrimination of fracture risk scores defined using inputs available from administrative data for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) alone. Read More

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December 2018

Contribution of monoaminergic mechanisms to the discriminative stimulus effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) in Sprague-Dawley rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008, USA.

Rationale: 3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a popular synthetic cathinone reported to have a high abuse potential. Recent preclinical research indicates the psychopharmacology of MDPV is comparable to cocaine. Despite a recent influx of research on the psychopharmacology of MDPV, few studies have employed preclinical drug discrimination methods to discern the neurochemical mechanisms involved in its interoceptive stimulus effects. Read More

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December 2018

Sarcoidosis and the Th1 chemokine MIG.

Authors:
F Ragusa

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e308-e313

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease, affecting any organ, and that can be discovered by accident in approximately 5% of cases. High levels of the type-1 helper (Th1)-dependent chemokine, monokine induced by interferon (IFN)-γ (MIG)/chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)9, and its receptor CXCR3 have been reported in bronchoalveolar lavage and biopsy samples of patients with sarcoidosis. These elevated levels are related with the amount of CD4+ lymphocytes and total lymphocytes. Read More

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December 2018

MIG in psoriatic arthritis.

Authors:
G Elia

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e297-e302

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Monokine induced by interferon (IFN)-γ (MIG) / chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 9 (CXCL)9 is involved in the pathogenesis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). It was demonstrated that both blood plasma-derived dendritic cells (pDCs) and pDCs isolated from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and PsA synovial fluid (SF), expressed CXC receptor (R) 3 and CXCR4, and that the chemotaxis of blood-derived pDCs is stimulated by MIG, (IFN)-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10)/CXCL10, IFN-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant (I-TAC) )/CXCL11 and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1)/ CXCL12, present in RA and PsA SF. In PsA patients have been found a Th1 immune predominance at early stage of disease, while a reduction of these chemokines has been observed in long lasting PsA, with a significant increase of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1/IP-10 ratio. Read More

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December 2018
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