8,621 results match your criteria Hiatal Hernia


Persistent or recurrent Barrett's neoplasia after an endoscopic therapy session is associated with DNA content abnormality and can be detected by DNA flow cytometric analysis of paraffin-embedded tissue.

Mod Pathol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

University of California at San Francisco, Department of Pathology, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Endoscopic therapy is currently the standard of care for the treatment of high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or intramucosal adenocarcinoma (IMC) in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). Visible lesions are treated with endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), which is often coupled with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). However, endoscopic therapy may require multiple sessions (one session every 2-3 months) and does not always assure complete eradication of neoplasia. Read More

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A case report of gastric volvulus, a rare cause of acute abdomen.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;16(7):1907-1911. Epub 2021 May 26.

Radiology Department of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Gastric volvulus is an uncommon disorder with an unknown incidence, unless it stays in the back of the diagnostician's mind, diagnosis of gastric volvulus, which can have significant morbidity and mortality associated with it, can be easily missed and can present either in the acute or chronic setting with variable symptoms. When it occurs in the acute scenario, patients present with severe epigastric pain and retching without vomiting. Together with inability to pass nasogastric tube, they constitute Borchardt's triad. Read More

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Impact of the Hepatic Branch of the Vagus Nerve Transection in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Patients with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Obes Surg 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of General Surgical Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan.

Background: An increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been reported, and concomitant hiatal hernia repair (HHR) during LSG is expected to reduce the incidence of post-LSG GERD. In HHR, the hepatic branch of the vagus nerve is anatomically transected. Recent experimental animal models suggest that vagotomy may affect glycemic control and weight loss through a neuroendocrine response. Read More

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Characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing paraesophageal hernia repair with selective use of biologic mesh.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Surgery, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, PO Box 356410, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Background: The use of biologic mesh in paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR) has been associated with decreased short-term recurrence but no statistically significant difference in long-term recurrence. Because of this, we transitioned from routine to selective use of mesh for PEHR. The aim of this study was to examine our indications for selective mesh use and to evaluate patient outcomes in this population. Read More

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GERD after Bariatric Surgery. Can We Expect Endoscopic Findings?

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 17;57(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain.

Bariatric surgery remains the gold standard treatment for morbidly obese patients. Roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently performed surgeries worldwide. Obesity has also been related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Read More

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Outcomes of Bariatric Surgery With Concomitant Hiatal Hernia Repair Using an Absorbable Tissue Matrix.

Am Surg 2021 May 31:31348211023450. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Surgery, Prisma Health, University of South Carolina School of Medicine - Greenville, Greenville, SC, USA.

Background: Hiatal hernias are a common finding in patients who undergo bariatric surgery with an incidence of about 20% of all bariatric patients. Controversy exists on the utility of a biosynthetic tissue matrix (BTM) usage in combination with crural repair. This study was designed to explore the safety and benefits of the use of a BTM during concomitant hiatal hernia repair with bariatric surgical procedures. Read More

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Acute bolus obstruction following surgical treatment of paraesophageal herniation of the greater omentum.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;2021(5):rjab208. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Surgery, Hospital of the Canton of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Hiatal herniations are most commonly diagnosed during work-up for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Here, we present a patient with retrosternal pain for whom the computed tomography scan showed a lipomatous formation in the lower posterior mediastinum, and further examination indicated the origin to be paraesophageal herniation (PEH) of the greater omentum. This was confirmed by laparoscopy, the herniated part of the greater omentum was repositioned and the hiatal hernia was repaired. Read More

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Clinicopathological characteristics of patients with oesophageal squamous papilloma in Turkey and comparison with the literature data: The largest case series ever reported from Turkey.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 30:e14420. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Pathology, Diyarbakır Health Sciences University Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Aim: Oesophageal squamous papilloma (ESP) is a rare tumoural lesion of the oesophagus considered to have a benign course. Due to the fact that they are rare lesions, there are not many publications with large case series on ESPs in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical, endoscopic and histopathological characteristics of ESPs. Read More

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Tailoring Therapy for Achalasia.

Authors:
Joel E Richter

Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y) 2020 May;16(5):249-257

Dr Richter is a professor of medicine, Hugh F. Culverhouse Chair for Esophageal Disorders, director of the Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, and director of the Joy McCann Culverhouse Center for Esophageal and Swallowing Disorders at the University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine in Tampa, Florida.

Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder with impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) opening and aperistalsis. The disease cannot be cured and aperistalsis cannot be corrected, but good long-term symptom relief results from some degree of destruction to the obstruction of the LES. The presence of multiple treatment options with excellent scientific efficacy now offers the opportunity to tailor therapy for patients with achalasia. Read More

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[Collis gastroplasty in surgical treatment of hiatal hernia].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (6):30-37

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To analyze the early and long-term postoperative outcomes after Collis gastroplasty in the treatment of patients with hiatal hernia complicated by gastroesophageal reflux disease and shortening of the esophagus.

Material And Methods: Postoperative outcomes after Collis gastroplasty were analyzed in 22 patients with hiatal hernia and shortening of the esophagus. The control group consisted of 166 patients after simple repair of hiatal hernia without Collis procedure. Read More

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Distinct Clinical Physiologic Phenotypes of Patients With Laryngeal Symptoms Referred for Reflux Evaluation.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background & Aims: Heterogeneous presentations and disease mechanisms among patients with laryngeal symptoms account for misdiagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), variations in testing, and suboptimal outcomes. We aimed to derive phenotypes of patients with laryngeal symptoms based on clinical and physiologic data and to compare characteristics across phenotypes.

Methods: A total of 302 adult patients with chronic laryngeal symptoms were prospectively enrolled at 3 centers between January 2018 to October 2020 (age 57. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease in Vietnamese patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

JGH Open 2021 May 26;5(5):580-584. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Endoscopy University Medical Center Ho Chi Minh Vietnam.

Background And Aim: The risk factors associated with the increase in prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are not consistent across countries and there have been few studies in Asia in the past 10 years. This study was conducted to assess the features and risk factors of GERD in Vietnamese patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1947 out-patients ≥18 years of age who were presented with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Read More

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The clinical and endoscopic aspects of peptic ulcers secondary to the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of various origins.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 15;38:170. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Anesthesia-Reanimation Service, Hospital of Sikasso, Sikasso, Mali.

Introduction: currently, the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs constitute a veritable object of auto medication throughout the world. The goal of this study was to evaluate the endoscopic and clinical aspects of gastro-duodenal ulcer secondary to taking of non-steroid anti-inflammatory of various sources.

Methods: this was a cross-sectional study which was conducted between July 2016 and December 2017. Read More

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Laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernia for elderly patients.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):704

Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Giant hiatal hernias are more common in older patients and can significantly reduce their quality of life. However, open surgery for patients of advanced age is thought to be associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic giant hiatal hernia repair for elderly patients as compared to younger patients. Read More

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Falciform Ligament Flap as Crural Buttress in Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of General and Foregut Surgery, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, San Donato Milanese (Milano), Italy.

Crural repair is an essential technical component in laparoscopic hiatal hernia surgery, but there is no consensus regarding the optimal method to prevent postoperative hernia recurrence. Mesh augmentation, especially with permanent materials, is associated with dysphagia and complications. The rotational falciform ligament flap (FLF) has been reported to be effective in reinforcing standard suture closure of the hiatus. Read More

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Our experience with the laparoscopic surgery of hiatal hernias

Orv Hetil 2021 05 9;162(19):754-759. Epub 2021 May 9.

1 Markusovszky Egyetemi Oktatókórház, Szombathely.

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: A hiatus hernia egy anatómiai betegség; gyakoribb előfordulása idősebbeknél jelezheti, hogy a betegség idővel előrehalad, súlyosbodik. Elhanyagolt esetben szövődmények alakulhatnak ki, melyek növelhetik a perioperatív mortalitást. Read More

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Risk factors for readmission for early small bowel obstruction following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: an MBSAQIP analysis.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Jun 8;17(6):1041-1048. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Section of Minimally Invasive and Bariatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California; Center for Obesity and Metabolic Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California; Center for Advanced Surgical & Interventional Technology, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Background: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is associated with significant morbidity.

Objectives: To evaluate the rate of and risk factors for readmission for SBO within 30 days of LRYGB.

Setting: Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP)-accredited centers. Read More

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REDO LAPAROSCOPIC ANTIREFLUX SURGERY IN PATIENTS WITH HIATAL HERNIA.

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):23-26

2Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia.

The purpose was to study the features and results of redo laparoscopic antireflux surgery. For the period from 2008 to 2019, in Odessa Regional Hospital laparoscopic antireflux operations were performed in 1164 patients. 57 patients underwent laparoscopic reoperation during the study period based on the following indications: recurrence of hiatal hernia (n=37), recurrent reflux (n=4), dysphagia (n=8), severe pain (n=5), esophageal stricture (n=3). Read More

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Double Heart-Shaped Silhouette.

Gastroenterology 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of General Internal Medicine, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Okamoto, Kamakura City, Kanagawa, Japan.

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Unexpected internal hernia in a patient with small bowel obstruction: an old surgical axiom.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 6;14(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of General Surgery, Ayr Hospital, Ayr, UK.

An 85-year-old man with no previous laparotomies and no herniae presented with a small bowel obstruction. CT imaging did not suggest any obvious cause; however, a transition point at the terminal ileum was noted. At laparotomy, the small bowel was unexpectedly found to be obstructed through a tight anterior hiatal defect. Read More

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Adulthood of patients after oesophageal atresia repair- General Surgeon's Guide.

Pol Przegl Chir 2021 Mar;93(3):1-5

Jagiellonian University Medical College, Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Children's Hospital, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction Despite proper surgical management in neonatal period, congenital oesophageal atresia [OA] may present serious source of lifelong disorders. The objective of our study is to present the most important facts about oesophageal atresia, types of treatment and possible complications which might demand surgical management in adult life. We would like to familiarize general surgeons with this matter to provide OA patients with proper medical care. Read More

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Intraoperative diagnosis and treatment of Achalasia using EndoFLIP during Heller Myotomy and Dor fundoplication.

Surg Endosc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Suite 1661, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: Manometry is the gold standard diagnostic test for achalasia. However, there are incidences where manometry cannot be obtained preoperatively, or the results of manometry is inconsistent with the patient's symptomatology. We aim to determine if intraoperative use of EndoFLIP can provide a diagnosis of achalasia and provide objective information during Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication. Read More

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Transoral incisionless fundoplication demonstrates durability at up to 9 years.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2021 16;14:17562848211004827. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Allegheny Health Network Ringgold Standard Institution - Surgery, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Goals: To assess the long-term results of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF 2).

Background: TIF with the EsophyX2 is an accepted procedure to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Long-term data have been limited. Read More

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Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery in Increasing Kidney Transplant Eligibility in Patients with Kidney Failure Requiring Dialysis.

Obes Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: Severe obesity can increase risk of complications after kidney transplantation. There is a paucity of literature on bariatric surgery outcomes in renal transplant candidates. The objective of this study was to analyze outcomes of bariatric surgery as a weight reduction strategy for patients with kidney failure to enhance eligibility for kidney transplantation. Read More

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Circumferential esophageal hiatal rim reconstruction for treatment of persistent regurgitation in brachycephalic dogs: 29 cases (2016-2019).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 May;258(10):1091-1097

Objective: To describe a technique for circumferential esophageal hiatal rim reconstruction and to report outcomes in brachycephalic dogs with persistent regurgitation treated with the technique.

Animals: 29 client-owned brachycephalic dogs.

Procedures: Dogs that had undergone circumferential esophageal hiatal rim reconstruction between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019, for treatment of persistent regurgitation were identified through a search of the medical record database of The Animal Hospital at Murdoch University. Read More

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Manometric changes of the esophagus in morbidly obese patients.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 14;21(6):604. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

5th Clinical Department, Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine Discipline, 'Carol Davila' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania.

This prospective study aimed to determine the manometric pattern and the prevalence of esophageal dysmotility in 79 morbidly obese patients selected for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. After clinical evaluation and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, high-resolution esophageal manometry was performed. The esophageal peristalsis, lower esophageal sphincter (LES) basal pressure, and LES relaxation were evaluated. Read More

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Modified laparoscopic toupet fundoplication with fundo-phrenico-pexy.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 24;2021(4):rjab136. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of General and Minimal Invasive Surgery, Nordwest Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany.

This article presents an alternative technique to the common Toupet fundoplication. It is a modern combination of the standard Toupet procedure and an additional fundophrenicopexie of the gastric wrap. In 1963 Toupet first described his technique of a fundoplication for reflux surgery. Read More

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Endoscopic assessment of morphological and histopathological upper gastrointestinal changes after endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

IHU-Strasbourg, Institute of Image-Guided Surgery, Strasbourg, France; IRCAD, Research Institute against Digestive Cancer, Strasbourg, France; Department of Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Strasbourg University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a promising bariatric endoluminal procedure. Restriction and shortening of the stomach are obtained by means of non-resorbable full-thickness sutures, thus inducing the formation of several endoluminal pouches in which food can stagnate. The effect of ESG on the upper gastrointestinal tract has never been investigated. Read More

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Indications and Findings of Upper Endoscopies in Males and Females, Are They the Same or Different?

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 11;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, The Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84101, Israel.

Sex and gender can affect the prevalence and prognosis of diseases. Our aim was to assess similarities and differences for males and females who underwent an upper endoscopy, with regards to indications and results. We reviewed all upper endoscopy reports from 2012 to 2016. Read More

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Paraconduit hiatal hernia after esophagectomy. Prevention-indication for surgery-surgical technique.

Dis Esophagus 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department for General-, Visceral-, Thoracic-, Pediatric- and Endocrine Surgery, Johannes Wesling Hospital, University Clinic Ruhr University Bochum, Hans-Nolte-Str. 1, 32429 Minden, Germany.

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