1,614 results match your criteria Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus


ophthalmicus with ocular involvement in overtreated hyperthyroidism.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul;68(7):1457-1458

Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A 25-year-old man, with a history of hyperthyroidism presented with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) with neurotrophic ulcer and superadded infection 4 weeks after a sudden decrease in his thyroid hormones, caused by overtreatment of hyperthyroidism and radioactive iodine therapy. He underwent lateral tarsorrhaphy and was started on conservative treatment for the ulcer. The ulcer had resolved after 2 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1759_19DOI Listing

Enrollment in the Zoster Eye Disease Study.

Cornea 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Population Health, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Purpose: To present the results of a survey of the Zoster Eye Disease Study (ZEDS) investigators regarding barriers to the enrollment of study participants and approaches to overcome them.

Methods: ZEDS is a multicenter randomized clinical trial supported by the National Eye Institute to determine whether prolonged suppressive valacyclovir reduces the complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO), relative to placebo. Enrollment of study participants is currently far below expectations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000002392DOI Listing

Oculomotor nerve palsy in herpes zoster ophthalmicus: Presentation of 4 cases.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España.

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection has a high prevalence worldwide. Within the multiple ophthalmologic manifestations that VZV can cause, sudden diplopia is among them. A review is presented of four clinical cases of 3rd and 4th oculomotor nerve palsies in herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oftal.2020.04.011DOI Listing

Isolated Internal Ophthalmoplegia Secondary to Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus: A Rare Case Report.

Neuroophthalmology 2020 Apr 12;44(2):118-120. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Neurology, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.

Herpes zoster becomes latent in the sensory ganglia after the primary infection and may reactivate many years later to produce shingles in adults. Involvement of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve with this virus is called Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). The eyelid skin, cornea, uvea, retina, optic nerve and other cranial nerves can be affected by HZO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01658107.2019.1618343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7202423PMC

How to manage herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Authors:
Stephen Tuft

Community Eye Health 2020 30;33(108):71-72. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Consultant Ophthalmologist Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205171PMC

Crossed Zoster Syndrome: A Rare Clinical Presentation Following Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus.

Can J Neurol Sci 2020 May 11:1-3. Epub 2020 May 11.

Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2020.91DOI Listing

Corneal Neurotization for Postherpetic Neurotrophic Keratopathy: Initial Experience and Clinical Outcomes.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Apr 23. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Purpose: To assess early outcomes of corneal neurotization for postherpetic neurotrophic keratopathy (NK).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent corneal neurotization for postherpetic NK by a single experienced oculoplastic surgeon was performed. Collected data included stage and etiology of NK as well as comorbidities, prior treatment history, neurotization technique, donor nerve site, preoperative and postoperative examination findings (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001676DOI Listing

Conjunctival swab sample using varicella-zoster virus antigen kit enables rapid diagnosis of herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Australas J Dermatol 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Dermatology, Hiratsuka City Hospital, Hiratsuka City, Kanagawa, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajd.13299DOI Listing

Herpes zoster keratouveitis with hypopyon and hyphema.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):54-57. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

This study aims to report two cases with an uncommon, early manifestation of herpes zoster ophthalmicus which is keratouveitis. The first patient is a 61-year-old female who had presented with painful facial skin eruption and right eye redness without impairment of vision. She was treated initially as herpes zoster blepharoconjunctivitis; however, the disease had progressed to neurotrophic keratitis with severe anterior chamber reaction manifested by a mixture of hypopyon and hyphema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_20_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158927PMC

Viral Kerato-Uveitis with Choroidal Vitiligo.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2020 Apr 7:1-4. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore, India.

: To describe unusual fundus findings in typical varicella zoster (VZV) kerato-uveitis.: Observational, retrospective case study of five patients diagnosed with VZV kerato-uveitis.: Four out of five cases had a history of typical herpes zoster ophthalmicus skin rash over the forehead. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2020.1741649DOI Listing
April 2020
1.440 Impact Factor

Characteristics, treatment and complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus at a tertiary eye hospital.

Med J Aust 2020 Mar 22. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50554DOI Listing

Seasonality of herpes zoster and herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

J Clin Virol 2020 May 26;126:104306. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States; Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States; Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States; OptumLabs Visiting Fellow, Cambridge, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Herpes zoster (HZ) and herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) are common and debilitating diseases. There is no consensus in the literature whether HZ and HZO exhibit seasonal patterns.

Objectives: To determine whether HZ and HZO are seasonal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2020.104306DOI Listing

Incidence Rate of Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus.

Ophthalmology 2020 03;127(3):331-332

New York, New York. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.12.017DOI Listing

Eyelid and Orbital Involvement in HIV Infection - An African Perspective.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2020 Feb 14:1-9. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Division of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Both infective and neoplastic eyelid and orbital conditions in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients are often the result of opportunistic or co-infections (OI). In most cases, these clinical findings in younger patients alert the physician to suspected underlying HIV infection. When the eyelids and periorbital skin are primarily involved in OI with varicella-zoster virus it is called Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2019.1705987DOI Listing
February 2020

Higher risk of herpes zoster in stroke patients.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(2):e0228409. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of death, morbidity and disability worldwide. Infection is a common complication in the acute phase after stroke. Herpes zoster is a common viral disease, in which the most debilitating complication is post-herpetic neuralgia, which can have a very large negative impact on quality of life. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0228409PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999860PMC

Herpetic optic perineuritis presenting as classic abducens nerve palsy.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Jan 3;8(1):228-229. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Divisions of Hematology/Oncology & Infectious Diseases Department of Medicine Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee WI USA.

Optic perineuritis is a rare manifestation of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). Relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) is an important early clue to an impending nerve involvement, and robust clinical examination allows early detection of such rare metachronous manifestation of cutaneous HZ and institution of timely management for such sight-threatening conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6982475PMC
January 2020

Hutchinson's sign of ophthalmic zoster.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Jan 11;8(1):219-220. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology North Zealand Hospital Hillerød Denmark.

A 77-year-old woman presented with ophthalmic zoster and nasal tip involvement, consistent with Hutchinson's sign. Ocular examination disclosed a swollen upper eyelid, chemosis, conjunctival injection, pus, and mild corneal endothelial decompensation. The presence of Hutchinson's sign requires urgent consultation with an ophthalmologist due to the high risk of ocular complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2596DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6982495PMC
January 2020

Vaccine-Strain Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in a 14-month-old Boy Prompting an Immunodeficiency Workup: Case Report and Review of Vaccine-strain Herpes Zoster.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 02;39(2):e25-e27

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison.

We present a case of herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an otherwise healthy 14-month-old male associated with vaccine-strain varicella-zoster virus 11 weeks after monovalent varicella vaccine administration. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus, especially in the setting of familial immunoglobulin A deficiency, prompted further immunologic workup. A high index of suspicion is necessary for timely diagnosis and treatment of vaccine-strain herpes zoster. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002545DOI Listing
February 2020

A Case of Disseminated Zoster in an Immunocompetent Patient.

Cureus 2019 Dec 4;11(12):e6286. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Emergency Medicine, Envision Physician Services, Orlando, USA.

The incidence of herpes zoster, more commonly known as shingles, is approximately 1.2 million individuals per year, which has been increasing worldwide. While the most common presentation of zoster is a rash and acute neuritis (the pain associated with the rash) within one or more contiguous dermatomes, other more serious manifestations such as herpes zoster ophthalmicus, acute retinal necrosis, Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus), aseptic meningitis, pneumonitis, bacterial superinfection and disseminated zoster ought to be considered by the clinician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6939971PMC
December 2019

When Zoster Virus Hides a Primary Brain Lymphoma.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2019 5;6(12):001341. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Hospital Central do Funchal, Funchal, Portugal.

Aim: To describe an unusual presentation of a primary lymphoma of the central nervous system in a patient who, four months prior to admission, was diagnosed with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO).

Case Description: A 68-year-old man, with a history of HZO, was admitted to the emergency department with nausea and vomiting that had persisted over the previous two weeks. Neurological evaluation showed right ptosis, divergent strabismus and anisocoria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2019_001341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936923PMC
December 2019

Bihemisphere Ischemia Due to a Unilateral Lesion: A Case Report.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 Apr 26;29(4):104590. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Neurology, University of California, Irvine, California. Electronic address:

Bihemispheric ischemic strokes secondary to unilateral vessel disease are uncommon. We present the case of a 70-year-old man with multiple acute/subacute bilateral infarcts. The patient was found to have stenosis of the left internal carotid artery secondary to herpes zoster ophthalmicus vasculopathy, with involvement of the left proximal middle and anterior cerebral arteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.104590DOI Listing

Acute orbital myositis preceding vesicular rash eruption in herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Can J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 24;55(3):e107-e109. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2019.09.005DOI Listing

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus with Unilateral Sixth Nerve Palsy.

Can J Neurol Sci 2020 03;47(2):273-274

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2019.340DOI Listing

Assessment for varicella zoster virus in patients newly suspected of having giant cell arteritis.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2019 Nov 27. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Northern Clinical School, University of Sydney, St Leonards, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: There is uncertainty if varicella zoster virus (VZV) triggers GCA. This is based on discordant reports of VZV detection in GCA temporal artery biopsies. We conducted a multimodal evaluation for VZV in the inception Giant Cell Arteritis and PET Scan (GAPS) cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kez556DOI Listing
November 2019

A case of tri-segmental cranial nerve V herpes zoster.

IDCases 2019 16;18:e00642. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

University of Maryland, School of Medicine, United States.

Varicella-zoster is the causative virus underlying varicella or "chickenpox" and herpes zoster or "shingles." Cases of disseminated disease have been widely reported in immunocompromised patients. We describe an interesting case of tri-segmental cranial nerve V herpes zoster here with discussion of the salient clinical features as well as brief discussion about ongoing trials for herpes zoster ophthalmicus prophylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2019.e00642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6804869PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Incidence Rate of Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus: A Retrospective Cohort Study from 1994 through 2018.

Ophthalmology 2020 03 9;127(3):324-330. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

F. I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; OptumLabs, Visiting Fellow, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Purpose: To analyze the incidence rate (IR) of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and differences by age, gender, race, and region from 1994 through 2018.

Design: Retrospective, observational cohort study.

Participants: Patients with a new International Classification of Diseases, Ninth or Tenth Edition, codes for herpes zoster (HZ) and HZO from January 1, 1994, through December 31, 2018, in the OptumLabs Data Warehouse (OptumLabs, Cambridge, MA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7039739PMC

Bilateral Scalp Necrosis in Giant Cell Arteritis.

J Neuroophthalmol 2019 Oct 15. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

McGovern Medical School (ANS), Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (BAO, TK, AGL), Blanton Eye Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas; Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery (AGL), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York; Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), Texas A and M College of Medicine, Bryan, Texas; and Department of Ophthalmology (AGL), The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a medium-to-large vessel vasculitis of the elderly. Common constitutional clinical features include headache, scalp tenderness, and jaw claudication. Severe unilateral or bilateral visual loss is the most feared ophthalmic complication of GCA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000862DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Serological response to three alternative series of hepatitis B revaccination (Fendrix, Twinrix, and HBVaxPro-40) in healthy non-responders: a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, superiority trial.

Lancet Infect Dis 2020 01 16;20(1):92-101. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands.

Background: Serological non-response can be present after hepatitis B vaccination in healthy adults. We aimed to establish which of three revaccination regimens is most effective at inducing protective immunity METHODS: Healthy adults (aged 18-80 years) from 16 Dutch centres (13 public health services, two university hospitals, and one travel clinic) were included in this multicentre, parallel group, randomised, controlled, superiority trial. The inclusion criterion was vaccine non-response (hepatitis B surface antibody [anti-HBs] titre <10 IU/L) after a primary series with three doses of one type of recombinant vaccine against hepatitis B virus (either HBVaxPro-10 or Engerix-B at months 0, 1, and 6). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30417-7DOI Listing
January 2020
2 Reads

Recurrent herpes zoster ophthalmicus in a young, healthy individual taking high doses of l-Arginine.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Dec 20;16:100547. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

LoBue Laser & Eye Medical Centers, Murrieta, CA, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of a healthy, young male with recurrent herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and high-dose l-arginine supplementation.

Observations: A 39-year-old man presented to another institution with a HZO involving the right eye. He was treated with oral acyclovir with complete resolution. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2019.100547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6722283PMC
December 2019
2 Reads

Acute Retinal Necrosis: Virological Features Using Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction, Therapeutic Management, and Clinical Outcomes.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 12 23;208:376-386. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

University of Lyon, Lyon, France; Laboratory of Virology, Institut des Agents Infectieux (IAI) de Lyon, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France; Centre International de Recherche en Infectiologie (CIRI), Inserm U1111, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR5308, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS), Equipe Virpath, Lyon, France.

Purpose: To evaluate outcomes of patients treated with intensive intravitreal therapy and to describe the evolution of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in patients treated for acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome.

Design: Retrospective observational case series.

Methods: This study included 25 eyes of 24 patients with ARN who were treated and followed up in 2 departments of ophthalmology in Lyon, France. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.08.007DOI Listing
December 2019
3 Reads

Development of Acute Retinal Necrosis in a Patient with Ocular Sarcoidosis: A Case Report.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2019 15;27(7):1067-1070. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, National Defense Medical College , Tokorozawa , Japan.

: To report a case of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in an elderly patient with ocular sarcoidosis after oral corticosteroid indication. : Retrospective case report. : A 75-year-old male with a past history of ocular sarcoidosis came with blurred left vision. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273948.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2019.1635168DOI Listing
April 2020
8 Reads

Recurrent Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in a Patient With a Novel Toll-Like Receptor 3 Variant Linked to Compromised Activation Capacity in Fibroblasts.

J Infect Dis 2020 Mar;221(8):1295-1303

Department of Immunology, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs primarily in elderly or immunocompromised individuals after reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV). Recurrences of zoster ophthalmicus are uncommon because the reactivation efficiently boosts anti-VZV immunity. A 28-year-old female presented to our clinic with a history of multiple recurrences of zoster ophthalmicus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiz229DOI Listing
March 2020
5 Reads

Clinical features of anterior uveitis caused by three different herpes viruses.

Int Ophthalmol 2019 Dec 27;39(12):2785-2795. Epub 2019 May 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Purpose: To compare the clinical findings in patients with anterior uveitis (AU) caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical profiles of HSV-AU (14 patients), VZV sine herpete (ZSH-AU: 21 patients), and CMV-AU (17 patients) diagnosed by the detection of corresponding viral DNA in aqueous humor samples by polymerase chain reaction. Further, five patients with Posner-Schlossman (P-S) syndrome were selected as controls for CMV-AU. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10792-019-01125-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-019-01125-5DOI Listing
December 2019
27 Reads

[Zoster ophthalmicus in an infant: A case report].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2019 06 23;42(6):671-672. Epub 2019 May 23.

Service d'ophtalmologie A, CHU Ibn Sina, Souissi, BP 6220 Rabat, Maroc.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2018.12.014DOI Listing

Headache and vision changes in an elderly man with rheumatoid arthritis.

Int J Rheum Dis 2019 Jul 22;22(7):1331-1334. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

We present a case of an elderly, immunosuppressed patient with rheumatoid arthritis who was not appropriately vaccinated, and subsequently developed herpes zoster ophthalmicus, which initially presented similar to giant cell arteritis. Evidence-based vaccinations are integral in decreasing the incidence of preventable diseases and promoting optimal health at the individual and population level. Although the patient ultimately did not suffer any long-term adverse sequelae, this case highlights the importance of vaccination in the rheumatology setting, and to consider both inflammatory and infectious causes of headache and vision changes in the elderly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13589DOI Listing
July 2019
3 Reads

Maxillary Zoster and Neurotrophic Keratitis following Trigeminal Block.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):61-66. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of ophthalmology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus is commonly used to describe viral reactivation from the trigeminal ganglia with ocular involvement. The ophthalmic branch is the most commonly involved, whereas the maxillary and mandibular dermatomes are less commonly affected. Neurotrophic ulcer may occur secondary to intentional or inadvertent damage to the trigeminal nucleus, root, ganglion, or any segment of the ophthalmic branch of this cranial nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489053PMC
February 2019
17 Reads

Case Report: Varicella-zoster Encephalitis with Acute Retinal Necrosis and Oculomotor Nerve Palsy.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 05;96(5):367-371

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois

Significance: Varicella-zoster virus is a common cause of morbidity and vision loss in patients worldwide. It can affect any structure of the eye, from keratitis to acute retinal necrosis. Rapid diagnosis and treatment significantly improve clinical outcomes and quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001370DOI Listing
May 2019
12 Reads

Does Herpes Zoster Increase the Risk of Stroke and Myocardial Infarction? A Comprehensive Review.

J Clin Med 2019 Apr 22;8(4). Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan.

Herpes zoster (HZ) caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is characterized as a vesicular rash of unilateral distribution that can also cause multiple complications; such as post-herpetic neuralgia; ophthalmic zoster; and other neurological issues. VZV can also increase incident hemorrhagic or ischemic complications by causing inflammatory vasculopathy. Thus; emerging epidemiological and clinical data recognizes an association between HZ and subsequent acute strokes or myocardial infarction (MI). Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/4/547
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6518274PMC
April 2019
19 Reads

Severe Herpes Zoster Requiring Intravenous Antiviral Treatment in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Recipients on Standard Acyclovir Prophylaxis.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 08 17;25(8):1642-1647. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients are at increased risk for varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation and associated complications. The incidence, timing, and risk factors for severe herpes zoster (HZ) are not well described in the era of acyclovir (ACV) prophylaxis. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent first allogeneic HCT between October 2006 and December 2015 at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.04.015DOI Listing
August 2019
29 Reads

Simultaneous parotitis and ipsilateral herpes zoster ophthalmicus: coincidence?

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 20;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Family Medicine, Ascension Providence Hospital, Novi, Michigan, USA.

A 43-year-old previously healthy man presented to the primary care clinic with concurrent ipsilateral viral parotitis and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. The patient experienced painful swelling below the right ear as well as painful vesicles on the right forehead, eyelid and cheek in the V1 dermatomal region. There were no lesions in the oral cavity or nose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228897DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus pseudodendrites: For topical antivirals or not?

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 08 3;47(6):808-809. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Canterbury Eye Services, Christchurch Outpatients, Christchurch Central, Christchurch, New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13495DOI Listing
August 2019
7 Reads

A Unilateral Facial Rash with Eye Involvement.

Am J Med 2019 07 5;132(7):823-825. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn; Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tenn; Medical and Research Services, Department of Veterans Affairs Hospital, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.02.007DOI Listing
July 2019
5.003 Impact Factor

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Review and Prevention.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Sep;45(5):286-291

Department of Ophthalmology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA.

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is the etiologic agent of both chickenpox and Herpes zoster (HZ). In the United States, there are around one million cases of HZ per year. Ten percent of HZ cases are subtyped as herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) specifically and involve the V1 distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000591DOI Listing
September 2019
40 Reads

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus, Central Retinal Artery Occlusion, and Neovascular Glaucoma in an Immunocompetent Individual.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2019 Jan-Mar;14(1):97-100

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.

Purpose: To report the unusual case of an immunocompetent individual with herpes zoster ophthalmicus who developed central retinal artery occlusion and subsequent neovascular glaucoma.

Case Report: A 40-year-old, immunocompetent patient was diagnosed with herpes zoster ophthalmicus and central retinal artery occlusion on initial presentation. Subsequently, he developed neovascular glaucoma. Read More

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http://www.jovr.org/text.asp?2019/14/1/97/251535
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jovr.jovr_65_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388535PMC
March 2019
57 Reads

Necrotizing Fasciitis Following Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in an Immunocompromised Patient.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2019 20;2019:4534153. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare infection that spreads rapidly along the subcutaneous soft tissue planes. NF rarely involves the periorbital region due to the excellent blood supply of this region. We report a case of periorbital necrotising fasciitis following herpes zoster (HZ) in an immunocompromised 70-year-old patient with a dramatically rapid evolution into septic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4534153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360555PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Long-term outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty for corneal complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Br J Ophthalmol 2019 12 7;103(12):1710-1715. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background/aim: To review the long-term outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) for corneal complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO).

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 53 eyes of 53 patients who underwent PKP due to corneal complications of HZO at the Kellogg Eye Center.

Results: The mean age of patients at the time of PKP was 68. Read More

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http://bjo.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-3136
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313602DOI Listing
December 2019
11 Reads

Central nervous system varicella zoster vasculopathy in an immunocompromised patient.

IDCases 2019 29;15:e00483. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Infectious Diseases Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João, Oporto, Portugal.

Central nervous system (CNS) vasculopathy associated with Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) infection, usually manifesting as stroke due to ischemic lesions by involvement of small arteries, is frequently misdiagnosed. Immunocompromised patients have a particularly higher risk of severe disease and also CNS involvement during or following VZV presentations. We report a case of an 84-year-old man, with myelodysplastic syndrome, who presented with herpes zoster ophthalmicus complicated with left periocular cellulitis and an abnormal neurological exam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2018.e00483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348231PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Varicella zoster virus reactivation antedating ipsilateral brainstem stroke.

Dermatol Online J 2018 Aug 15;24(8). Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena.

itor Title: Varicella zoster virus reactivation antedating ipsilateral brainstem stroke Authors: Giuliana Galassi1, Maurilio Genovese2, Marisa Meacci3, Marcella Malagoli2 Affiliations: 1Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena, Italy, 2Neuroradiology Service, University Hospital of Modena, Italy, 3Department of Laboratory Medicine and Patholgy, Microbiology and Virology Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Italy Corresponding Author: Giuliana Galassi, MD, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena, Via P. Giardini 1455, Modena, Italy, Tel: 39-3497325802, Email: giulianagalassi46@gmail.com Abstract: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and reactivation are associated with a number of neurologic conditions. Read More

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August 2018
11 Reads

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

BMJ 2019 Jan 17;364:k5234. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k5234DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads