18,813 results match your criteria Herpes Zoster


Adult Vaccination as a Protective Factor for Dementia: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of Population-Based Observational Studies.

Front Immunol 2022 3;13:872542. Epub 2022 May 3.

Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang, China.

Background: Common vaccinations may have impacts on dementia risk, but current evidence is inconsistent. We therefore investigated the association between vaccinations and dementia risk by systematic review and meta-analysis approach.

Methods: We conducted an extensive search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science to identify studies that compared the risk of dementia in vaccinated versus unvaccinated populations. Read More

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Sweet's Syndrome Accompanied by Coinfection with Multiple Pathogens and Disseminated Infection Presenting with Osteolytic Destruction During 12 Years of Follow-Up: A Rare Case Report.

Infect Drug Resist 2022 10;15:2459-2467. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, The Eighth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies (AIGAs) are closely related to the disseminated infection of multiple pathogens. (M. phlei) is a nonpathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), and infection of the bone is extremely rare. Read More

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Immunodeficiency Should Be Excluded in Patients With Recurrent Viral Meningitis and Breakthrough COVID-19.

Authors:
Josef Finsterer

J Korean Med Sci 2022 05 16;37(19):e161. Epub 2022 May 16.

Neurology & Neurophysiology Center, Vienna, Austria.

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Zunahme stationärer Fälle von Zoster in Deutschland: Mögliche Ursachen und Empfehlungen zur Prävention.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2022 May;20(5):693-695

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen.

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A HIV-positive subject with dermatomal and generalized vesicular skin lesions.

Eur J Intern Med 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy; III Division of Infectious Diseases, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

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A Review of the Treatment of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Encephalitis in Six Immunocompetent Patients.

Cureus 2022 Apr 13;14(4):e24129. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Infectious Disease, Cape Fear Valley Medical Center, Fayetteville, USA.

Introduction The optimal treatment regimen for herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis is ill-defined. Current guidelines recommend the initiation of acyclovir in all suspected cases of encephalitis; however, there is limited research regarding the details of acyclovir treatment or the adjuvant use of corticosteroids. Specifically, there is a paucity of evidence-based guidelines detailing the optimal management of HSV-1 encephalitis in immunocompetent patients. Read More

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[Clinical and therapeutic features of herpes zoster oticus: a case report].

Pan Afr Med J 2022 3;41:171. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Service d'Otorhinolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale de l'Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohamed V de Rabat, Faculté de Médecine et Pharmacie Rabat, Université Mohamed V Rabat, Rabat, Maroc.

Ear shingles, also called herpes zoster oticus, are a viral infection of the outer, middle and/or inner ear due to varicella zoster virus (VZV). Patients with ear involvement associated with facial palsy are clinically diagnosed with Ramsay-Hunt´s syndrome. We here report the case of a 25-year-old patient with herpes zoster oticus associated with peripheral facial palsy, without other associated signs. Read More

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Fragment Size-Based Enrichment of Viral Sequences in Plasma Cell-Free DNA.

J Mol Diagn 2022 May 22;24(5):476-484. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington; Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:

Sequencing of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is a promising milieu for broad-based cancer and infectious disease diagnostics. The performance of cfDNA sequencing for infectious disease diagnostics is chiefly limited by inadequate analytical sensitivity. The current study investigated whether the analytical sensitivity of cfDNA sequencing for viral diagnostics could be improved by selective sequencing of short cfDNA fragments, given prior observations of shorter fragment size distribution in microbial and cytomegalovirus-derived cfDNA compared with human-derived cfDNA. Read More

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Infectious risk of add-on leflunomide or tacrolimus versus TNF inhibitors among patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving background methotrexate: A population-based cohort study.

Semin Arthritis Rheum 2022 Apr 28;55:152019. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Division of Rheumatology Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumiro Bundang-gu Seongnam-si Kyeongki-do, Seongnam, Korea; Division of Rheumatology Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: To compare infectious risk between leflunomide versus TNF inhibitors (TNFi), and between tacrolimus versus TNFi among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving methotrexate (MTX).

Methods: Using Korea National Health Insurance Service database, we conducted a cohort study on RA patients initiating TNFi, leflunomide, or tacrolimus. The primary outcome was any serious infections defined as a composite endpoint of serious bacterial, opportunistic, and herpes zoster infections. Read More

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Development of a perfusion process for serum-free adenovirus vector herpes zoster vaccine production.

AMB Express 2022 May 14;12(1):58. Epub 2022 May 14.

Institute of Microbial Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Henan University, Kaifeng, 475004, China.

Herpes zoster is caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus (VZV). Researching and developing a herpes zoster vaccine will help to decrease the incidence of herpes zoster. To increase the bioreactor productivity, a serum-free HEK293 cell perfusion process with adenovirus vector herpes zoster (rAd-HZ) vaccine production was developed efficiently using the design of experiment (DoE) method. Read More

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Research Trends and Hotspots on Herpes Zoster: A 10-Year Bibliometric Analysis (2012-2021).

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 26;9:850762. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

NMPA Key Laboratory for Research and Evaluation of Narcotic and Psychotropic Drugs, Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Anesthesiology, Jiangsu Province Key laboratory of Anesthesia and Analgesia, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, China.

Purpose: Herpes zoster infection, with its considerable burden to individuals and society, remains a challenge around the world. However, to the knowledge of the authors, little bibliometric quantitative or qualitative analysis has been carried out to evaluate herpes zoster research. This study aimed to use a bibliometric analysis to evaluate current publication trends and hotspots on herpes zoster research worldwide, in order to advance research in this field. Read More

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Diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma in Hunan Province.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2022 Apr;47(4):497-504

Department of Hematology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China.

Objectives: There is less clinical data on multiple myeloma (MM) in China, and the aim of this study was to collect and analyze the clinical data of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients in Hunan Province during 1 year, to understand the real clinical features and treatment outcome for Hunan Province patients with MM, and to strengthen the understanding of the standardized diagnosis process and treatment plan of MM.

Methods: The clinical data of 529 patients with NDMM in 12 large-scale general hospitals in Hunan Province from January 1 to December 31, 2019 were collected and analyzed, including baseline data, treatment regimens, duration of treatment, and adverse reactions. The clinical characteristics, treatment, and safety of patients were analyzed by SPSS 21. Read More

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A case of pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma misdiagnosed as low-grade malignant fibrous histiocytoma and review of literature.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2022 Mar;47(3):390-395

Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

Pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma (PHE) is a rare angiogenic tumor. Histologically, the morphological characteristics of neoplastic vessels and endothelial differentiation are not obvious, and it is easy to be confused with epithelioid sarcoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma and myogenic tumor. PHE usually occurs in arms and legs in young people and has a significant male predominance. Read More

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Post-varicella arterial ischemic stroke in children and neurocognitive performance: a 4-year follow-up study.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2022 6;20:eAO6360. Epub 2022 May 6.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze data from children who were previously healthy and presented with post-varicella arterial ischemic stroke upon arrival when admitted to the emergency room, with focus on the clinical/laboratory aspects, and neurocognitive performance after four-year follow-up.

Methods: Seven children presenting with arterial ischemic stroke after varicella were evaluated at pediatric emergency services in the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. Ischemic stroke was determined by magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance angiography in a topography compatible with the areas supplied by the middle cerebral or internal carotid arteries. Read More

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Screening of Key Part in IFN Pathway for Herpes Zoster: Evidence from Bioinformatics Analysis.

Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Eye college of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, P. R. China.

Background: Herpes zoster is one of the most common diseases in the middle and old ages, and the incidence rate is constantly increasing. Long-term, severe neuropathological pain continues to afflict the patients, causing them horrible pain, and even unable to live a normal life. Since the occurrence and development of herpes zoster is related to many mechanisms, there is no uniform conclusion and specific treatment method, and the HZ vaccine still has a limited number of people to be vaccinated. Read More

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Health impact of seven herpesviruses on (pre)diabetes incidence and HbA: results from the KORA cohort.

Diabetologia 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Institute of Medical Information Sciences, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.

Aims/hypothesis: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide, and previous studies have suggested that it is higher in individuals who are seropositive for herpesviruses. This study examines the prospective association of herpesviruses with (pre)diabetes to evaluate their potential role in diabetes aetiology.

Methods: Two follow-up examinations of the German population-based KORA cohort (F4 and FF4) were used to identify participants with normal glucose tolerance at baseline, thus being at risk for (pre)diabetes (n = 1257). Read More

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Comorbidities of systemic lupus erythematosus prior to and following diagnosis in different age-at-onset groups.

Lupus 2022 May 10:9612033221100908. Epub 2022 May 10.

Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, 38014Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a female-dominated autoimmune disease that can occur at any age and has a diverse course. The clinical manifestation of this disease can vary depending on the patient's age at onset. The aim of this study was to characterise the comorbidities at the time of SLE diagnosis and after in different age groups. Read More

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Clinical characteristics of herpes zoster in a pediatric hospital in China from 2007 to 2020.

World J Pediatr 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

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Senile Gluteal Dermatosis: An Underreported Condition in Elderly Patients.

Skinmed 2022 30;20(2):149-151. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Dermatology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY.

Case 1: An 89-year-old obese Caucasian man with a history of coronary artery disease, hypothyroidism, and hyperlipidemia presented with herpes zoster on the lower back, and postherpetic neuralgia. The patient complained of significant pain and reported that he had been spending most of his day over the past few weeks in a seated position. (. Read More

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Varicella-zoster virus pneumonia presenting as diffuse alveolar haemorrhage in a patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 05 6;15(5). Epub 2022 May 6.

Internal Medicine Department, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

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Comparative risk of herpes zoster in patients with psoriatic disease on systemic treatments: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2022 2;13:20406223221091188. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Branch, No.5, Fuxing St., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan City 333.

Background: Numerous previous studies have examined risk of herpes zoster (HZ) in psoriatic disease; however, the results of these studies are conflicting and the relative risks associated with different treatments remain largely unknown. In this meta-analysis, we examined the relative risk of HZ associated with systemic treatments for psoriatic disease.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant English-language studies published up to April 2021. Read More

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Dimethyl Fumarate-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy in a Patient With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.

Cureus 2022 Apr 3;14(4):e23789. Epub 2022 Apr 3.

Neurology, University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, Worcester, USA.

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an approved oral pharmacologic agent used in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Although commonly used in clinical practice, its mechanism of action remains largely unknown. Some frequent side effects associated with this drug are angioedema, hepatic injury, flushing, herpes zoster infection, and abdominal pain among others. Read More

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Concurrent Nephrotoxicity and Neurotoxicity Induced by Oral Valacyclovir in a Patient With Previously Normal Kidney Function.

Cureus 2022 Mar 31;14(3):e23693. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Medicine, University of Toledo, Toledo, USA.

Drug-induced nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity are commonly encountered problems in clinical practice. We describe a case of concurrent valacyclovir-induced nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity in a 64-year-old man with no history of renal disease who developed acute renal injury and neurological symptoms after he received two weeks of the standard dose of oral valacyclovir for herpes zoster meningitis. His clinical condition improved significantly after the initiation of hemodialysis. Read More

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Primary Varicella or Herpes Zoster? An Educational Case Report From the Primary Care Clinic.

Cureus 2022 Apr 1;14(4):e23732. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey, MEX.

Varicella-zoster virus is a pathogenic virus that can present itself as a primary infection or secondary infection, also known as herpes zoster. Recently, there has been a re-emergence of this vaccine-preventable disease due to gaps in vaccination. Primary varicella in immunocompetent adults is highly uncommon, and it could result in severe complications within this population. Read More

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Vaccine update: The latest recommendations from ACIP.

J Fam Pract 2022 Mar;71(2):80-84

University of Arizona, Phoenix.

Here are the latest recommendations on the hepatitis, pneumococcal, zoster, rabies, and dengue vaccines. Read More

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Herpes zoster seven days after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis under adalimumab.

Authors:
J Finsterer

Reumatismo 2022 May 3;74(1). Epub 2022 May 3.

Neurology, Neurophysiology Center, Vienna.

Not available. Read More

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Optimizing Immunization Strategies in Adult Patients With Chronic Liver Disease and Liver Transplant Recipients.

Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y) 2022 Apr;18(4):196-206

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.

Patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and liver transplant recipients are at increased risk for infections from vaccine-preventable diseases. Gastroenterologists and hepatologists should assess patient immunization history, and necessary vaccinations should be given as soon as possible. Vaccines demonstrate superior immunogenicity when given earlier in the course of liver disease and prior to transplant. Read More

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Characteristics of herpes zoster infection in patients with COVID-19: a systematic scoping review.

Int J Dermatol 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Background: Although there is literature reporting correlations between varicella zoster virus (VZV) infections and COVID-19, insufficient evidence exists in this regard. This scoping review aims to identify the existing evidence regarding clinical characteristics of primary VZV infection or reactivation in COVID-19.

Methods: Following the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for all peer-reviewed articles with relevant keywords including "Zoster," "Herpes," and "COVID-19" from their inception to November 20, 2021. Read More

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