341 results match your criteria Herpangina


Weather condition, air pollutants, and epidemics as factors that potentially influence the development of Kawasaki disease.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 23;741:140469. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization Beppu Medical Center, 1473 Oaza-Uchikamado, Beppu, Oita 874-0011, Japan. Electronic address:

Environmental factors have been suspected to have effects on the development of Kawasaki disease. However, the associations have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of air pollution, weather conditions, and epidemic infections on the risks for Kawasaki disease in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140469DOI Listing

Comparative Efficacy of Chinese Herbal Injections for the Treatment of Herpangina: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Front Pharmacol 2020 15;11:693. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Clinical Chinese Pharmacy, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Background: Considering the limitations of broad-spectrum antiviral drugs for the treatment of herpangina and the extensive exploration of Chinese herbal injections (CHIs), systematic evaluation of the efficacy of different CHIs in the treatment of herpangina is a key imperative. In this study, we performed a network meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of CHIs, including Reduning injection (RDN), Shuanghuanglian injection (SHL), Tanreqing injection (TRQ), Xiyanping injection (XYP), and Yanhuning injection (YHN), in the treatment of herpangina.

Methods: A systematic literature review including studies published before December 17, 2018, was conducted in several databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.00693DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242616PMC

Lack of effective home quarantine: The cause of the continuing prevalence of hand, foot, and mouth disease in China?

J Infect Public Health 2020 Jul 27;13(7):963-969. Epub 2020 May 27.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Home quarantine as a non-pharmaceutical measure is a key strategy for preventing the spread of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina (HA). However, the status of home quarantine remains unclear. This study aimed to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of the HFMD and HA by investigating the situation and determining the factors influencing home quarantine in children with HFMD or HA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.05.011DOI Listing

Mosaic genome of Human Coxsackievirus A4 associated with herpangina and HFMD in Yancheng, China, 2016 and 2018.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Yancheng Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yancheng, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: To better understand the spectrums of pathogens causing herpangina and circulation of Coxsackievirus A4 in Yancheng, China.

Methods: Stool samples from herpangina and HFMD cases were collected. Real Time PCR Kits was used to identify Enterovirus 71, CV-A16 and CV-A6, and nested reverse transcription PCR (nRT-PCR) to detect the other enterovirus types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.057DOI Listing

[Atypical hand-foot-mouth disease virus genotyping in a pediatric hospital in Buenos Aires city, Argentina].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e199-e203

Laboratorio de Virología, Hospital de Niños Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Typical hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is an exanthematous viral disease with a classic symptomatology of fever, papulovesicular rash on the hands and feet with or without herpangina. It is usually caused by enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16, members of the genus Enterovirus. Recently, worldwide outbreaks of HFMD with atypical manifestations caused by Coxsackievirus A6 have been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e199DOI Listing

Hypoxia and therapeutic treatment of EV-A71 with an immune modulator TLR7 agonist in a new immunocompetent mouse model.

J Biomed Sci 2019 Nov 11;26(1):93. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Enterovirus 71 (EV71 or EV-A71) was first identified in California about half a century ago. In recent years, outbreaks of EV-A71 were prevalent worldwide, including Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, and China. Between 2008 and 2011, China alone reported 1894 deaths associated with EV-A71 infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12929-019-0585-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6849267PMC
November 2019

Establishment of Asia-Pacific Network for Enterovirus Surveillance.

Vaccine 2020 01 31;38(1):1-9. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Enteroviruses (EV), the major pathogens of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina, affect millions of children each year. Most human enteroviruses cause self-limited infections except polioviruses, enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), enterovirus D68 (EV-D68), and several echoviruses (Echo) and coxsackieviruses (CV). Especially, EV-A71 has repeatedly caused large-scale outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region since 1997. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.09.111DOI Listing
January 2020
4 Reads
3.624 Impact Factor

Enterovirus 71 seroepidemiology in Taiwan in 2017 and comparison of those rates in 1997, 1999 and 2007.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(10):e0224110. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: During recent 20 years, enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a major concern among children, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. To understand current EV71 serostatus, to find risk factors associated with EV71 infection and to establish future EV71 vaccine policy, we performed a seroepidemiology study in Taiwan in 2017.

Methods: After informed consent was obtained, we enrolled preschool children, 6-15-year-old students, 16-50-year-old people. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0224110PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6797108PMC
March 2020
2 Reads

Antivirals and vaccines for Enterovirus A71.

J Biomed Sci 2019 Sep 3;26(1):65. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Research Center for Emerging Viral Infections, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is an important emerging virus posing a threat to children under five years old. EV-A71 infection in infants or young children can cause hand-foot-and-mouth disease, herpangina, or severe neurological complications. However, there are still no effective antivirals for treatment of these infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12929-019-0560-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6720414PMC
September 2019
12 Reads

Case report: painful exanthems caused by enterovirus D68 in an adolescent.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Aug;98(33):e16493

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Rationale: Unlike other enteroviruses which can cause herpangina or hand-foot-and-mouth disease, enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has usually been linked to respiratory and neurological problems in young children. Skin manifestations had rarely been described in current literatures.

Patient Concerns: We report a 17-year-old girl with fever and painful skin rash over legs and soles for 9 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6831410PMC
August 2019
7 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment of herpangina: Chinese expert consensus.

World J Pediatr 2020 Apr 25;16(2):129-134. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Infectious Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Herpangina is a common infectious disease in childhood caused by an enterovirus. This consensus is aiming to standardize and improve herpangina prevention and clinical diagnosis.

Methods: The Subspecialty Group of Infectious Diseases, the Society of Pediatric, Chinese Medical Association and Nation Medical Quality Control Center for Infectious Diseases gathered 20 experts to develop the consensus, who are specialized in diagnosis and treatment of herpangina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-019-00277-9DOI Listing
April 2020
5 Reads

Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus from children with herpangina or hand, foot, and mouth disease in Hangzhou, 2016.

Arch Virol 2019 Oct 18;164(10):2565-2571. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Microbiology Laboratory, Zhejiang Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 3399 Binsheng Road, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Enteroviruses (EVs) are the major cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina in children. In this study, we conducted a molecular investigation of EVs in throat swab samples from children in Hangzhou, China with a diagnosis of HFMD or herpangina. EVs were detected using one-step real-time RT-PCR, and their serotypes were determined based on partial VP1 gene sequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04356-0DOI Listing
October 2019
4 Reads
2.282 Impact Factor

Comparison of Nonpolio Enteroviruses in Children With Herpangina and Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Taiwan.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 09;38(9):887-893

Taiwan Centers for Disease Control, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Nonpolio enterovirus (NPEV) infections are often present with herpangina (HA) and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Most countries sample NPEVs in HFMD cases, targeting enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) that are associated with outbreaks and severe complications. HA is also monitored in Taiwan and several other countries, but its viral characteristics are underreported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002351DOI Listing
September 2019
17 Reads

Recombinant CV-A6 strains related to hand-foot-mouth disease and herpangina at primary care centers (Barcelona, Spain).

Future Microbiol 2019 04 29;14:499-507. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Respiratory Viruses Unit, Virology Section, Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

To describe the genetic diversity of enteroviruses (EV) causing hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina, especially of coxsackievirus (CV)-A6, from patients attended at pediatric primary care centers during the 2017-2018 season. Phylogenetic analysis of partial VP1 region was performed for genetic characterization. The complete VP1 and 3Dpol proteins were sequenced for lineage determination and detection of recombination events. Read More

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https://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/10.2217/fmb-2018-0336
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fmb-2018-0336DOI Listing
April 2019
19 Reads

Advances in Antigenic Peptide-Based Vaccine and Neutralizing Antibodies against Viruses Causing Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Mar 13;20(6). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Centre for Virus and Vaccine Research, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500, Malaysia.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) commonly produces herpangina, but fatal neurological complications have been observed in children. Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) and Coxsackievirus 16 (CV-A16) are the predominant viruses causing HFMD worldwide. With rising concern about HFMD outbreaks, there is a need for an effective vaccine against EV-A71 and CV-A16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6471744PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Near-Complete Genome Sequences of 12 Coxsackievirus Group A Strains from Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease and Herpangina Cases with Different Clinical Symptoms.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2019 Feb 21;8(8). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

District Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Longhua Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.

Coxsackievirus group A (CV-A) strains are important pathogens of hand, foot, and mouth disease and herpangina. We report here the near-complete genome sequences of 12 CV-A strains isolated from infants and children with different clinical diseases. The presented data will be very useful for future genome-based epidemiological studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.01655-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386572PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

[Expert consensus on diagnosis and treatment of herpangina (version 2019)].

Authors:

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;57(3):177-180

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Phylogenetic and antigenic analyses of coxsackievirus A6 isolates in Yamagata, Japan between 2001 and 2017.

Vaccine 2019 02 22;37(8):1109-1117. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Microbiology, Yamagata Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Yamagata 1-6-6, Yamagata 990-0031, Japan.

Although coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6) is generally recognized as a causative agent of herpangina in children, CV-A6 infections globally emerged as a new and major cause of epidemic hand-foot-and-mouth-diseases (HFMDs) around 2008. To clarify the longitudinal epidemiology of CV-A6, we carried out sequence and phylogenetic analyses for the VP1 and partially for the VP4-3D regions as well as antigenic analysis using 115 CV-A6 isolates and 105 human sera in Yamagata, Japan between 2001 and 2017. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that CV-A6 isolates were clearly divided into two clusters; strains in circulation between 2001 and 2008 and those between 2010 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.12.065DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Acute gingivostomatitis in children: Epidemiology in the emergency department, pain, and use of codeine before its restriction.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;26(2):80-85. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Service des urgences pédiatriques, hôpital Armand-Trousseau, AP-HP, 26, avenue du Dr-Arnold-Netter, 75012 Paris, France; Inserm U1153, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris VI, 75005 Paris, France.

Acute gingivostomatitis is relatively frequent in children; of viral origin, its diagnosis is usually straightforward. Acute gingivostomatitis is very painful and for many years, codeine, whose use was restricted in 2013, was widely employed in this context. The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of acute stomatitis in pediatric emergency care, to evaluate the pain caused by stomatitis, and to determine the analgesic resources deployed both in the emergency department and at discharge, over the 5-year period preceding restriction of the use of codeine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Hand, foot and mouth disease and herpangina caused by enterovirus A71 infections: a review of enterovirus A71 molecular epidemiology, pathogenesis, and current vaccine development.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2018 Nov 8;60:e70. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Tainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation), Department of Occupational Medicine, Tainan, Taiwan.

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) infections are one of the main etiological agents of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina worldwide. EV-A71 infection is a life-threatening communicable disease and there is an urgent global need for the development of vaccines for its prevention and control. The morbidity rate of EV-A71 infection differs between countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201860070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223252PMC
November 2018
40 Reads

Nationwide Survey of Pediatric Inpatients With Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, Herpangina, and Associated Complications During an Epidemic Period in Japan: Estimated Number of Hospitalized Patients and Factors Associated With Severe Cases.

J Epidemiol 2019 Sep 10;29(9):354-362. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Public Health, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine.

Background: Severe pediatric cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), herpangina (HA), and associated complications caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection have brought substantial public health impact in Asia. This study aimed to elucidate the epidemiology of these pediatric cases in Japan.

Methods: A nationwide survey was conducted using stratified random sampling of hospital pediatric departments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20180060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6680054PMC
September 2019
12 Reads

Characterization of an inactivated whole-virus bivalent vaccine that induces balanced protective immunity against coxsackievirus A6 and A10 in mice.

Vaccine 2018 11 11;36(46):7095-7104. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Key Laboratory of Etiology and Epidemiology of Emerging Infectious Diseases in Universities of Shandong, Taishan Medical University, Taian 271000, China. Electronic address:

Coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and CVA10 are two of the major pathogens associated with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. The majority of CVA6 and CVA10 infections result in mild, self-limiting episodes (fever and herpangina) in pediatric populations; however, in some cases, can proceed to severe neurological disease and death. Efforts to mitigate viral transmission to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with infection would be greatly strengthened by the availability of an efficacious CVA6 and CVA10 bivalent vaccine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.09.069DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads
3.624 Impact Factor

Discovery and structural characterization of a therapeutic antibody against coxsackievirus A10.

Sci Adv 2018 09 19;4(9):eaat7459. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, P.R. China.

Coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) recently emerged as a major pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth disease and herpangina in children worldwide, and lack of a vaccine or a cure against CVA10 infections has made therapeutic antibody identification a public health priority. By targeting a local isolate, CVA10-FJ-01, we obtained a potent antibody, 2G8, against all three capsid forms of CVA10. We show that 2G8 exhibited both 100% preventive and 100% therapeutic efficacy against CVA10 infection in mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aat7459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6155056PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Molecular epidemiology of coxsackievirus A6 circulating in Hong Kong reveals common neurological manifestations and emergence of novel recombinant groups.

J Clin Virol 2018 11 8;108:43-49. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, China; State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Collaborative Innovation Centre for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Carol Yu Centre for Infection, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6) represents the predominant enterovirus serotype in Hong Kong, but its epidemiology in our population was unknown.

Objectives: To examine the clinical and molecular epidemiology of CV-A6 and detect emerging recombinant strains in Hong Kong.

Study Design: Nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) from patients with febrile or respiratory illness were subject to RT-PCR for CV-A6 and sequencing of 5'-NCR and VP1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Persistent circulation of genotype D coxsackievirus A2 in mainland of China since 2008.

PLoS One 2018 20;13(9):e0204359. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

WHO WPRO Regional Polio Reference Laboratory and National Health Commission Key Laboratory for Medical Virology, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Coxsackievirus A2 (CV-A2) has emerged as an important etiological agent in the hand, foot, and mouth disease and herpangina pathogen spectrum because of its high global prevalence. In the present study, we investigated the evolutionary dynamics of CV-A2 circulating in China. We analyzed a total of 163 entire VP1 sequences of CV-A2, including 74 sequences generated from the present study and 89 sequences collected from the GenBank database. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204359PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147602PMC
March 2019
26 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Understanding physician antibiotic prescribing behavior for children with enterovirus infection.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(9):e0202316. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Our previous study demonstrated that pediatricians prescribe antibiotics without proper clinical justification to patients with enterovirus infection, although antibiotics are not effective in treating the infections caused by these viruses. To improve the quality of healthcare, we aim to evaluate the association of clinical and demographic characteristics of patients and further to identify the determining factors for prescribing antibiotics to children experiencing enterovirus infection.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of children who were hospitalized between January 2008 and December 2016 with a diagnosis of herpangina or hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0202316PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128467PMC
February 2019
20 Reads

Sex differences in common childhood infections in Taiwan.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Oct 28;75:115-117. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Sex differences in childhood infections are commonly reported in case-only studies. In this population-based study of 278000 Taiwanese children followed from 3 months to 18 years of age during the period 2000-2012, age-trajectories of monthly numbers of all-cause healthcare visits and monthly rates of infection-specific healthcare visits were compared between boys and girls. For all-cause healthcare visits and for healthcare visits related to conjunctivitis, respiratory tract infections, enteritis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, and herpangina, there was good resemblance of age trajectories between boys and girls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.08.014DOI Listing
October 2018
29 Reads

Factors associated with severe neurologic complications in patients with either hand-foot-mouth disease or herpangina: A nationwide observational study in South Korea, 2009-2014.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(8):e0201726. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: In 2009, a nationwide sentinel surveillance for hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina (HA) with neurologic complications was initiated in South Korea. We used this surveillance system to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with either HFMD or HA with neurologic complications, with the aim of determining risk factors for severe neurologic complications.

Methods: A retrospective review of medical records was conducted on all cases of HFMD and HA with neurologic complications that were reported in the national system between April 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0201726PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086402PMC
February 2019
41 Reads

Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on an intact and a reduced periodontium: Consensus report of workgroup 1 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions.

J Periodontol 2018 06;89 Suppl 1:S74-S84

Division of Periodontology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan.

Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/JPER.17-0719
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.17-0719DOI Listing
June 2018
74 Reads

Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on an intact and a reduced periodontium: Consensus report of workgroup 1 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions.

J Clin Periodontol 2018 06;45 Suppl 20:S68-S77

Division of Periodontology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan.

Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12940DOI Listing
June 2018
103 Reads

Association between enterovirus infection and speech and language impairments: A nationwide population-based study.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Jun 27;77:76-86. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, Chung Shan Medical University and Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Delay and impairment in Speech and language are common developmental problems in younger populations. Hitherto, there has been minimal study of the association between common childhood infections (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.017DOI Listing
June 2018
29 Reads

Serological survey of neutralizing antibodies to eight major enteroviruses among healthy population.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2018 Jan 10;7(1). Epub 2018 Jan 10.

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, School of Life Sciences, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361102, China.

Human enteroviruses (EVs) are the most common causative agents infecting human, causing many harmful diseases, such as hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), herpangina (HA), myocarditis, encephalitis, and aseptic meningitis. EV-related diseases pose a serious worldwide threat to public health. To gain comprehensive insight into the seroepidemiology of major prevalent EVs in humans, we firstly performed a serological survey for neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) against Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), Coxsackie virus A16 (CV-A16), Coxsackie virus A6 (CV-A6), Coxsackie virus A10 (CV-A10), Coxsackie virus B3 (CV-B3), Coxsackie virus B5 (CV-B5), Echovirus 25 (ECHO25), and Echovirus 30 (ECHO30) among the healthy population in Xiamen City in 2016, using micro-neutralization assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41426-017-0003-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5837151PMC
January 2018
16 Reads

Rothia mucilaginosa bacteraemia in an immunocompetent paediatric patient: a new pathogen to take into account. A case report.

Infez Med 2017 Dec;25(4):371-373

Department of Microbiology, Facultad de Medicina, Valladolid, Spain.

Rothia mucilaginosa, previously known as Stomatococcus mucilaginosus, is a Gram-positive coccus that is part of the oropharyngeal microbiota and upper respiratory tract. It is mainly related to infections in immunosuppressed patients. Given its complex microbiological identification, its prevalence may be underestimated. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

[Clinical observation of infantile herpetic angina treated with acupuncture:a randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2017 Jun;37(6):613-616

Chengnan Branch, the Fifth People's Hospital of Yuhang District, Hangzhou 311100, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: To observe the difference in the therapeutic effects on infantile herpetic angina among the treatments with western medication, acupuncture and the combined therapy of acupuncture and western medication.

Methods: One hundred and twenty children of herpetic angina were randomized into a western medication group, an acupuncture group and a combined therapy group, 40 cases in each one. Besides the basic treatment with symptomatic support, in the western medication group, ribavirin granules were prescribed for oral administration, 10 mg/kga day, three times a day, for 3 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13703/j.0255-2930.2017.06.010DOI Listing
June 2017
9 Reads

Seroepidemiology of coxsackievirus B5 in infants and children in Jiangsu province, China.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 01 27;14(1):74-80. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

a Division Hepatitis Virus Vaccines , National Institutes for Food and Drug Control , Beijing , P. R. China.

Coxsackievirus B5 (CV-B5) is associated with various human diseases such as viral encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, paralysis, herpangina, and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). However, there is currently no effective vaccine against CV-B5.The seroepidemiologic characteristics of CV-B5 remained unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2017.1384107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5791574PMC
January 2018
23 Reads

Epitope-associated and specificity-focused features of EV71-neutralizing antibody repertoires from plasmablasts of infected children.

Nat Commun 2017 10 2;8(1):762. Epub 2017 Oct 2.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, 33305, Taiwan.

Protective antibody levels are critical for protection from severe enterovirus 71 infection. However, little is known about the specificities and functional properties of the enterovirus 71-specific antibodies induced by natural infection in humans. Here we characterize 191 plasmablast-derived monoclonal antibodies from three enterovirus 71-infected children, each of whom shows a distinct serological response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00736-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5624920PMC
October 2017
72 Reads

[Clinical characteristics and course of hand, foot, and mouth disease].

Arch Pediatr 2017 Oct;24(10):1036-1046

CHU Clermont-Ferrand, laboratoire de virologie, Centre national de référence des entérovirus et des parechovirus, laboratoire associé, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand cedex, France; Université Clermont-Auvergne, LMGE UMR CNRS 6023, équipe EPIE, épidémiologie et physiopathologie des infections à entérovirus, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address:

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina (HA) are common childhood diseases mostly associated with human enteroviruses (EV). Although usually benign illnesses, neurological complications may be observed during large epidemics when enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is involved, as observed in the Asia Pacific Region and in China since the late 1990s. The occurrence of these complications warrants reinforcing the surveillance of the emergence of EV-A71 infections in France and Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2017.08.001DOI Listing
October 2017
25 Reads

Cost-effectiveness of a national enterovirus 71 vaccination program in China.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Sep 11;11(9):e0005899. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Background And Aims: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has caused great morbidity, mortality, and use of health service in children younger than five years in China. Vaccines against EV71 have been proved effective and safe by recent phase 3 trials and are now available in China. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health impact and cost-effectiveness of a national EV71 vaccination program in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608421PMC
September 2017
13 Reads

Detection of Saffold viruses from children with acute respiratory infections in Yamagata, Japan, between 2008 and 2015.

J Med Virol 2018 01 12;90(1):34-40. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Department of Microbiology, Yamagata Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Yamagata, Japan.

Although Saffold virus (SAFV) was reported as a novel human cardiovirus in 2007, no causative association between SAFV and clinical disease has been proven and the longitudinal epidemiology of SAFVs is not available. To establish the relationship between SAFVs and acute respiratory infections (ARIs) and to clarify the longitudinal epidemiology of SAFVs, 7258 nasopharyngeal specimens were collected from children with ARIs in Yamagata, Japan between 2008 and 2015. The specimens were inoculated on a microplate including six cell lines as part of routine surveillance, and molecular screening was performed for SAFVs using a reverse transcription (RT)-PCR method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.24928DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Management of viral oral ulcers in children using Chinese herbal medicine: A report of two cases.

Complement Ther Med 2017 Jun 12;32:61-65. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of Chinese Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: Viral oral ulcers are common presentations in pediatric clinics. Although self-limiting, painful ulcerative lesions and inflamed mucosa can decrease oral intake and lead to dehydration. Despite the widespread use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for pediatric upper respiratory disease in Taiwan, there is little evidence for its effectiveness as an antipyretic or in aiding ulcer healing for children with viral oral ulcers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2017.04.001DOI Listing
June 2017
9 Reads

High prevalence of coxsackievirus A2 in children with herpangina in Thailand in 2015.

Virusdisease 2017 Mar 14;28(1):111-114. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Faculty of Medicine, Center of Excellence in Clinical Virology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand.

Coxsackievirus (CV) is a member of the genus and the family . CV infection can cause herpangina, a disease characterized by multiple ulcers on the tonsils and soft palate affecting mostly young children. CV strains are categorized by serotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13337-017-0366-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5377860PMC
March 2017
26 Reads

Development of a pseudovirus based assay for measuring neutralizing antibodies against coxsackievirus B5.

J Virol Methods 2017 08 20;246:21-26. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, China. Electronic address:

Coxsackievirus B5 (CV-B5), an important Coxsackie B virus from genus Enteroviruse within the family Picornaviridae, has also been isolated from Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) patients, and often associated with neurological manifestations. In this study, we found out that Coxsackievirus B3 (CV-B3) replicon RNA could be encapsidated with CV-B5 capsid to assemble infectious CV-B5 pseudovirus. We then utilized this single round infection system of CV-B5 to develop a neutralizing antibody quantification assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2017.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113871PMC
August 2017
8 Reads

Protective Efficacies of Formaldehyde-Inactivated Whole-Virus Vaccine and Antivirals in a Murine Model of Coxsackievirus A10 Infection.

J Virol 2017 07 9;91(13). Epub 2017 Jun 9.

Shandong Universities Key Laboratory of Etiology and Epidemiology of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Taishan Medical University, Taian, China

Coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) is one of the major pathogens associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). CVA10 infection can cause herpangina and viral pneumonia, which can be complicated by severe neurological sequelae. The morbidity and mortality of CVA10-associated HFMD have been increasing in recent years, particularly in the pan-Pacific region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00333-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5469256PMC
July 2017
49 Reads

Clinical application analysis of andrographolide total ester sulfonate injection, a traditional Chinese medicine licensed in China.

J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2017 Apr 11;37(2):293-299. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Andrographolide total ester sulfonate (ATES) injection is one of the products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) currently used against viral infection in China. ATES injection was approved for manufacturing and marketing in January 2002. It is indicated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, foot and mouth disease, bronchiolitis, herpangina, mumps, infectious mononucleosis and psychosis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11596-017-1730-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-017-1730-zDOI Listing
April 2017
11 Reads

Characterization of genome sequences and clinical features of coxsackievirus A6 strains collected in Hyogo, Japan in 1999-2013.

J Med Virol 2017 08 14;89(8):1395-1403. Epub 2017 Mar 14.

Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan.

Coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6) is an enterovirus, which is known to cause herpangina. However, since 2009 it has frequently been isolated from children with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). In Japan, CV-A6 has been linked to HFMD outbreaks in 2011 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.24798DOI Listing
August 2017
24 Reads

Correlation of symptomatic enterovirus infection and later risk of allergic diseases via a population-based cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jan;96(4):e5827

aDepartment of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan bDepartment of Pediatrics and Kawasaki Disease Center, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan cDepartment of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Infants who are exposed to the rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus are at a higher risk of subsequently developing wheezing or asthma. This study aims to determine whether preschoolers with a history of symptomatic enterovirus infection are at an increased risk of developing allergic diseases or not.We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 1999 to 2006 for this nationwide population-based cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000005827DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5287953PMC
January 2017
14 Reads

Epidemiological and etiological characteristics of herpangina and hand foot mouth diseases in Jiangsu, China, 2013-2014.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2017 04 21;13(4):823-830. Epub 2016 Oct 21.

a National Institute for Food and Drug Control , Beijing , China.

Herpangina (HA) and hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) are common infectious diseases caused by human enteroviruses and frequently occurr in young children. Previous published studies have mainly focused on HFMD, while the HA epidemiological and etiological characteristics in mainland China have not been described. From June, 2013 to March, 2014, HA and HFMD patients were monitored in participants from clinical trial of EV-A71 vaccine conducted during 2012-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2016.1236879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404359PMC
April 2017
34 Reads

Large outbreak of herpangina in children caused by enterovirus in summer of 2015 in Hangzhou, China.

Sci Rep 2016 10 18;6:35388. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310013, PR China.

Herpangina, usually caused by coxsackie virus A, is prevalent in children spreading through the fecal-oral transmission and the respiratory droplets dissemination. Also, it is mostly asymptomatic and self-limiting. In our study, we found that large outbreak of herpangina in children occurred in the summer of 2015 in Hangzhou, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep35388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5067559PMC
October 2016
23 Reads

The effect of climate change on skin disease in North America.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Jan 11;76(1):140-147. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Global temperatures continue to rise, reaching new records almost every year this decade. Although the causes are debated, climate change is a reality. Consequences of climate change include melting of the arctic ice cap, rising of sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased severe weather events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2016.08.014DOI Listing
January 2017
54 Reads