5,228 results match your criteria Hepatic Cysts


Hyperinsulinaemic Hypoglycaemia and Polycystic Kidney Disease - A Rare Case Concerning Gene Pleiotropy.

Eur Endocrinol 2020 Apr 4;16(1):66-68. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Paediatric Endocrinology Unit, Northern Maternal and Child Centre, Porto University Hospital Centre, Porto, Portugal.

Co-occurrence of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia and polycystic kidney disease (HIPKD) has been recently described. It is caused by a non-coding variant in the promoter region for phosphomannomutase 2 (), c.-167G>T, both in homozygous or compound heterozygous variants with deleterious coding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17925/EE.2020.16.1.66DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308104PMC

Cardiac compression of a hepatic cyst in polycystic liver disease: A rare cause of hemodynamic instability.

Turk J Emerg Med 2020 Apr-Jun;20(2):93-96. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Radiology, Biruni University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) develops due to embryonic ductal plate malformation of intrahepatic bile ducts. Cysts in the liver can range from a simple compression effect to severe liver failure. The most common complication is rupture and inflammation of cyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2452-2473.279558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305665PMC
February 2020

Anterior approach for hepatectomy before piggy-back liver transplantation in giant polycystic liver disease.

Liver Transpl 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Dept. of Surgery, Graz, Austria.

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare, benign hepatic disorder characterized by multiple cysts in the liver parenchyma. While most patients are asymptomatic, hepatomegaly due to innumerous, large fluid-filled cysts can cause abdominal distension and impaired activity in about 20% of cases. Medical treatment comprises of somatostatin-analogues or mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, as well as interventional radiology arterial embolization or inferior vena cava (IVC) stenting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lt.25824DOI Listing

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: associated factors and noninvasive fibrosis staging in a single Brazilian center.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2020 May-Jun;64(3):235-242

Pós-Graduação em Ciências Aplicadas à Saúde do Adulto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , MG , Brasil.

Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a recognized risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with NAFLD in women with PCOS and evaluate noninvasive indices of hepatic fibrosis in patients with PCOS and NAFLD.

Subjects And Methods: Patients with PCOS (n = 87) and women without PCOS (n = 40; controls) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000242DOI Listing

Laparoscopic Enucleation of Hepatic Cysts Reduces the Recurrence of Nonparasitic Hepatic Cysts.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Standard treatments for nonparasitic hepatic cysts (NPHCs) include laparoscopic deroofing (LD), percutaneous aspiration, and alcohol sclerotherapy. However, these treatments have limitations. LD and alcohol sclerotherapy, for example, fail to prevent NPHC recurrences, although alcohol sclerotherapy is satisfactorily effective in treating small cysts (diameter <5 cm), which do not usually need treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2019.0829DOI Listing

Management of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) During Pregnancy: Risks and Challenges.

Int J Womens Health 2020 25;12:409-422. Epub 2020 May 25.

Central and Northern Adelaide Renal and Transplantation Services (CNARTS), Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) affects up to 1 in 1000 people. The disease is characterized by the progressive development of cysts throughout the renal parenchyma due to inherited pathogenic variants in genes including or and eventually leads to gradual loss of renal function, along with manifestations in other organ systems such as hepatic cysts and intracranial aneurysms. ADPKD management has advanced considerably in recent years due to genetic testing availability, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis technology and new therapeutic agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S204997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261500PMC

Robotic resection of hepatic echinococcal cysts: A video vignette.

Asian J Surg 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Department of Surgery, 100 Woods Rd Taylor Pavilion D362 Valhalla, NY, 10595, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2020.04.014DOI Listing
June 2020
0.758 Impact Factor

Atypical Presentation of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor as Multiple Intra-Abdominal Cysts: A Case Report.

Cureus 2020 May 6;12(5):e7999. Epub 2020 May 6.

Surgical Gastroenterology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, IND.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common nonepithelial solid neoplasms involving the alimentary tract. We report a case of cystic GIST with multiple cystic metastases. A 61-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain for two months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7999DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7274504PMC

White matter abnormality in Jacobsen syndrome assessed by serial MRI.

Brain Dev 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Japan.

Introduction: Jacobsen syndrome (JS) is caused by a deletion at the terminus of the long arm of chromosome 11. There are few reports of JS associated with cerebral white matter abnormalities (WMA), and the etiology, pathophysiology, and time-dependent changes in WMA with JS still remain unclear.

Case Report: The patient was a 2-month-old female with several morphological anomalies, including trigonocephaly, ectropion, flat nasal bridge, low-set ears, and sparse eyebrows. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Radical surgery in hepatic hydatidosis: analysis of results in an endemic area.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2020 Jun 4;112. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Cirugía General y Digestiva, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara.

Introduction: radical surgery in hepatic hydatidosis is associated with less morbidity and recurrence than conservative surgery.

Material And Methods: a retrospective observational study of patients with liver hydatid cyst surgery was performed. Seventy-one patients with 90 cysts were included between 2007 and 2017, and radical surgery was performed in 69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2020.6722/2019DOI Listing

Designing a Recombinant Multi-Epitope Antigen of to Diagnose Human Cystic Echinococcosis.

Iran J Parasitol 2020 Jan-Mar;15(1):1-10

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis can cause severe disease and probable death in humans. Epitopes of its antigens play a key role in the sensitivity and specificity of immunodiagnostic tests.

Methods: Epitope prediction software programs predict the most antigenic linear B-cell epitopes of AgB (8 kD), Ag5, and Ag95. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244849PMC

The Clinical Value and Appropriateness Criteria of Upper Abdominal Magnetic Resonance Examinations in Patients Before and After Bariatric Surgery: a Study of 837 Images.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 95, Yong An Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100050, China.

Purpose: The abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) examinations have been increasingly applied in patients with obesity. However, few studies analyzed the appropriateness of this examination. This study is aimed to evaluate the feasibility and clinical value of upper abdominal MR in quantification of visceral/subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT/SAT) and liver fat fraction (LFF) in patients before and after bariatric surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04688-wDOI Listing

First report of Echinococcus canadensis (G6/G7) by sequence analysis from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Acta Trop 2020 May 29;209:105559. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease that can result in human and animal health problems globally. Although the disease is known to be endemic in Asia and the Middle East, there are few epidemiological studies on CE in Pakistan. The purpose of the present study was to identify the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato species and genotypes contributing to human CE cases in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105559DOI Listing

Laparoscopic hepatic lobectomy for symptomatic polycystic liver disease.

HPB (Oxford) 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Surgery, Section of Surgical Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Laparoscopic fenestration has largely replaced open fenestration of liver cysts. However, most hepatectomies for polycystic liver disease (PCLD) are performed open. Outcomes data on laparoscopic hepatectomy for PCLD are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2020.04.010DOI Listing

Neuroendocrine tumor in a lesser sac bronchogenic cyst - A hitherto unreported entity made rarer by concomitant hepatic hydatid cyst.

Indian J Cancer 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):205-208

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajender Nagar New Delhi, India.

Intra-abdominal bronchogenic cysts are rare entities and only a handful of cases occurring within the lesser sac have been described. Further, the development of malignancy in a bronchogenic cyst is exceptional and one arising in a lesser sac has so far not been reported. We present herein an account of a 44-year-old man who presented with recurrent upper abdominal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijc.IJC_749_18DOI Listing

Impact of genetic factors on fibrosing interstitial lung diseases. Incidence and clinical presentation in adults.

Presse Med 2020 May 11;49(2):104024. Epub 2020 May 11.

Unité 1152, Inserm, DHU FIRE, service de pneumologie A, centre de référence des maladies pulmonaires rares, université Paris Diderot, hôpital Bichat, AP-HP, 75013 Paris, France.

At least 10% of patients with pulmonary fibrosis, whether idiopathic or secondary, present heritable pulmonary fibrosis suspected on familial aggregation of pulmonary fibrosis, specific syndromes or early age of diagnosis. Approximately 30% of those patients have an identified mutation mostly in telomere related genes (TRG) more rarely in surfactant homeostasis or other genes. TRG mutation may be associated with hematological and hepatic diseases that may worsen after lung transplantation requiring a specific care and adapted immunosuppression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2020.104024DOI Listing

Uncommon musculoskeletal femoral hydatid cyst disturbs a female for a year: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2020 Jul 11;55:30-32. Epub 2020 May 11.

General Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Aleppo University Hospital, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

"Hydatid cyst" which also known as cystic Echinococcosis is a parasitic infestation caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver and lungs are the most sites to occur. Incidence in muscles is exceptionally rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2020.04.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231815PMC

A case of peribiliary hepatic cysts in a cirrhotic liver: A mimicker of Klatskin Tumor.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Jul 15;15(7):1039-1043. Epub 2020 May 15.

Imaging Institute Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Al Maryah Island, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Patients with end-stage liver disease may present to healthcare facilities with features of obstructive jaundice and a picture of hilar cholangiocarcinoma on radiological imaging. Careful observation and knowledge of the presence and higher prevalence of peribiliary hepatic cysts in a cirrhotic liver can aid in differentiating this benign entity from malignancy that may halt or delay the patients' eligibility for receiving a liver transplant. We present a case of a patient with liver cirrhosis initially diagnosed as Klatskin tumor on imaging then as a simple case of multiple peribiliary hepatic cysts with the patient eventually undergoing successful liver transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.04.057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231818PMC

Comment on surgical management of hepatic hydatid cysts -conservative versus radical surgery.

HPB (Oxford) 2020 Jun 11;22(6):937. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Surgery and Liver Transplant Institute, Inonu University Faculty of Medicine, 244280, Malatya, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2020.04.018DOI Listing

Cystic echinococcosis, review and illustration of non-hepatic manifestations.

Med Ultrason 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Ultrasound, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis (hydatid cysts), is an infection with a wide spectrum of manifestations, from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. Ultrasound (US) allows screening, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment guidance and follow-up of CE under many circumstances. Hydatid cysts are predominantly observed in the liver but many other organs can be involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-2537DOI Listing

Echinococcus multilocularis: Diagnostic problem in a liver core biopsy.

Cesk Patol 2020 ;56(1):32-34

Echinococcus multilocularis causes an aggressive form of hydatidosis whose histomorphological picture is generally not well recognized. We report a case of 39-year-old women presenting with poorly circumscribed nodules in the right hepatic lobe. Owing to the clinical suspicion of focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatocellular adenoma, a core biopsy was performed. Read More

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January 2020

[A Resected Case of Hemorrhagic Hepatic Cyst Difficult to Differentiate from Mucinous Cystic Neoplasm of the Liver].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Apr;47(4):661-663

Dept. of Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital.

Case: A 77-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for detailed examination of a cystic liver tumor. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRIshowed a cystic liver tumor with an enhanced mural nodule in S6 of the liver. Under a preoperative diagnosis of hemorrhagic hepatic cyst and mucinous cystic neoplasm(MCN)of the liver, extended posterior segmentectomy was performed. Read More

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Proteostasis disturbances and endoplasmic reticulum stress contribute to polycystic liver disease: New therapeutic targets.

Liver Int 2020 Jul 6;40(7):1670-1685. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases, Biodonostia Research Institute - Donostia University Hospital, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), San Sebastian, Spain.

Background & Aims: Polycystic liver diseases (PLDs) are genetic disorders characterized by progressive development of multiple biliary cysts. Recently, novel PLD-causative genes, encoding for endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident proteins involved in protein biogenesis and transport, were identified. We hypothesized that aberrant proteostasis contributes to PLD pathogenesis, representing a potential therapeutic target. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.14485DOI Listing

Epidemiological characteristics of hepatic echinococcosis, concurrent cerebral echinococcosis, and pulmonary echinococcosis in Ganzi County, Sichuan Province, China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19753

Radiology, The First People's Hospital of Lognquanyi District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Human echinococcosis has become a major public health problem in most parts of the world. The objective of this article was to study the demographics of patients with hepatic echinococcosis in Ganzi County to elucidate the main risk factors, as well as to report the concurrent prevalence of cerebral echinococcosis and pulmonary echinococcosis.We recruited 195 patients with hepatic echinococcosis from the Datongma area of Ganzi County from January 2018 to November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220390PMC

Hepatic Cystic Echinococcosis (Hydatid Cyst) in a Six Year Old.

Ir Med J 2020 Apr 3;113(4):61. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Children's Health Ireland at Crumlin, Dublin 12.

Presentation To describe a case of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in a previously healthy child and review epidemiology of CE in Ireland. Diagnosis A previously healthy 6 year old girl was found to have a cystic lesion in the right lobe of her liver. Serology for Echinococcus granulosus was positive, and radiological features were suggestive of CE. Read More

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Ruptured Hemorrhagic Hepatic Cyst: An Unusual Case Report.

GE Port J Gastroenterol 2020 Feb 5;27(2):124-127. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

General Surgery Unit, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Background: Hemorrhagic rupture of a hepatic cyst is rare. To date, very few cases have been reported in the literature.

Case Report: A patient with a history of a suspected liver hydatid cyst presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000502359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113593PMC
February 2020

New insights into targeting hepatic cystogenesis in autosomal dominant polycystic liver and kidney disease.

Expert Opin Ther Targets 2020 Jun 19;24(6):589-599. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University, Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

: Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare disease defined by the growth of hepatic cysts and occurs either isolated or as an extrarenal manifestation of polycystic kidney disease. While surgery has been the mainstay in treatment of symptomatic PLD, recently discovered regulatory mechanisms affecting hepatic cystogenesis provide potential new therapies to reduce hepatic cyst burden.: This review summarizes intracellular pathways and therapeutic targets involved in hepatic cystogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14728222.2020.1751818DOI Listing

Polycystic liver disease: Classification, diagnosis, treatment process, and clinical management.

World J Hepatol 2020 Mar;12(3):72-83

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410000, Hunan Province, China.

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare hereditary disease that independently exists in isolated PLD, or as an accompanying symptom of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease with complicated mechanisms. PLD currently lacks a unified diagnostic standard. The diagnosis of PLD is usually made when the number of hepatic cysts is more than 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v12.i3.72DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7097502PMC

Surgical management of hepatic hydatid cysts - conservative versus radical surgery.

HPB (Oxford) 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Division of Surgical Gastroenterology, Department of General Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

Background: Surgical management is considered one of the effective treatment modality for liver hydatid. However the choice of surgery is debatable. This study aims to compare the outcome of radical surgery (RS) and conservative surgery (CS) in liver hydatid disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2020.03.003DOI Listing

Hemorrhagic Hepatic Cysts: Diagnosis and Management.

Am Surg 2020 Mar;86(3):e127-e129

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Primary hepatic ectopic pregnancy in a patient with polycystic ovary syndrome: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Mar;99(13):e19649

Departments of Gynecology.

Rationale: Hepatic ectopic pregnancy is an extremely rare ectopic pregnancy. This study aimed to report a case of primary hepatic pregnancy in a patient with polycystic syndrome.

Patient Concerns: A 30-year-old woman presented with vaginal bleeding after 63 days of amenorrhea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019649DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220081PMC
March 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

Choledochal cysts in children: How to Diagnose and Operate on.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2020 23;75:e1539. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Divisao de Cirurgia Pediatrica, Unidade Pediatrica de Transplante de Figado e Laboratorio de Pesquisa em Cirurgia Pediatrica (LIM 30), Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objective: To identify the best mode for diagnosing and treating the patients with choledochal cysts.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed with medical records of patients diagnosed with choledochal cysts from January 1994 to December 2017. In all cases, the diagnosis was based on ultrasound examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7074585PMC

Alectinib Induced Regression of Renal and Hepatic Cysts Caused by Crizotinib.

Int Med Case Rep J 2020 16;13:89-93. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences University "G. D'Annunzio", Chieti-Pescara, Italy.

Background: Crizotinib is the first tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase () rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). An increased incidence of renal cysts has been described during the crizotinib treatment.

Case Presentation: We herein report the case of a 74-year-old woman who received crizotinib for metastatic -positive NSCLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S229080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083626PMC

Giant Hydatid Cysts of the Lung and Liver.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020;53:e20190492. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Çukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Adana, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0492-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7094033PMC

Biliary cystadenoma in an endemic zone of hydatid cyst: A rare surgical surprise.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2020 Feb 27;24(1):85-89. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

The advancement of radiological investigations has led to the early and incidental detection of hepatic cystic lesions. These are most commonly the simple cysts but can be malignant as well. Despite the recent advances, these lesions still pose a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2020.24.1.85DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061038PMC
February 2020

Hepatic Cyst: An Unusual Suspect of Syncope.

Case Reports Hepatol 2020 28;2020:1659718. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, NYCHH-Coney Island Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

The patient is a 75-year-old man with history of diabetes and hypertension who presented with syncope after experiencing sharp, 10/10 right flank and abdominal pain worsening over three weeks associated with decreased appetite. Physical examination revealed hepatomegaly and right lower quadrant (RUQ) tenderness, negative for peritoneal signs. Bloodwork showed leukocytosis (13 K/mcl), alkaline phosphatase (141 U/L), total bilirubin (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1659718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7064878PMC
February 2020

Choledochal cyst mimicker-When small bowel length matters.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 29;68:132-135. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Department of Surgery, University of the West Indies, San Fernando General Hospital, San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago; Westshore Medical Limited, Cocorite, Trinidad and Tobago.

Objective: Due to the risk of malignancy, the established management of choledochal cysts mandates bile duct excision and biliary reconstruction. While the reconstructive procedure of choice for most surgeons has traditionally been hepatico-jejunostomy, this may not be feasible in selected cases due to immobility or inadequacy of the jejunum. The following case will outline the management of a 32-year-old woman with short bowel syndrome, who was diagnosed with choledocholithiasis and a type 1 choledochal cyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.02.061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7058850PMC
February 2020

Specific liver volume parameters in cirrhotic patients with peribiliary cysts.

J Chin Med Assoc 2020 Jun;83(6):571-576

Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: The presence of peribiliary cysts and morphological changes in the volumes of lobes in the livers of patients with cirrhosis are both related to the alteration of portal flow. Our study explored the relationship between these two features in patients with cirrhosis.

Methods: We retrospectively selected 150 computed tomography (CT) images of cirrhotic livers and 105 CT images of healthy livers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000284DOI Listing

Polycystic Liver Disease in a Patient With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report.

Anticancer Res 2020 Mar;40(3):1527-1534

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, U.S.A.

We report a case of rapid evolution of polycystic liver disease in a 76-year-old patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who underwent treatment with numerous antineoplastic agents. The aim was to identify a causative etiology for these hepatic cysts of unclear origin. The cystic lesions of the patient were ultimately innumerable and developed rapidly, more than tripling the total liver volume from complete absence over the course of 24 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14098DOI Listing

Living donor liver transplantation for congenital hepatic fibrosis in children.

Pathol Int 2020 Jun 2;70(6):348-354. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Organ Transplantation Center, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) often accompanies autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), which stems from a PKHD1 gene mutation. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognosis of children with CHF who received living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) from donors who might be heterozygous carriers of a hepatorenal fibrocystic disease. Fourteen children with CHF who underwent LDLT at our center were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pin.12917DOI Listing

Scolicidal Effects of Nanoparticles Against Hydatid Cyst Protoscolices in vitro.

Int J Nanomedicine 2020 17;15:1095-1100. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacy, City University College of Ajman, Ajman 18484, United Arab Emirates.

Background: is causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which has a cosmopolitan distribution. The current methods for the treatment of human CE include surgery. Therefore, the development of new scolicidal agents with low side effects and more efficacies is an urgent need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S228538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7034968PMC

Ultrasonography of the liver in healthy and diseased camels (Camelus dromedaries).

Authors:
Mohamed Tharwat

J Vet Med Sci 2020 Apr 26;82(4):399-407. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, P.O. Box 6622, Buraidah, 51452, Saudi Arabia.

In camels, hepatic diseases are relatively common and most of them are misdiagnosed as a cause of illness because signs may be subtle. In addition, diagnostic laboratory methods are insufficient as hepatic enzymes can also be elevated in camels with cardiac or skeletal muscle damage. Examples of liver diseases in camels are hepatic lipidosis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatic necrosis, choleostasis, hyperplasia of biliary epithelium, hydatid cysts, glycogen deposition, cholangitis, cholangiohepatitis, calcified hydatid cyst and hepatic abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.19-0690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7192722PMC

Case 275: Multiple Hepatic Hydatid Cysts.

Radiology 2020 Mar;294(3):716-719

From the Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, 8440-112 St, 2A2.41 WMC, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2B7.

HistoryA 61-year-old woman presented to the cardiology service with sinus tachycardia. As part of her work-up, she underwent routine echocardiography that showed a normal heart but incidentally revealed multiple lesions in the liver. An outpatient CT scan was performed to characterize the liver lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019180104DOI Listing

Infected hepatic cyst following pancreatoduodenectomy treated with transhepatic drainage and minocycline hydrochloride injection: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 6;67:211-214. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Nagano Municipal Hospital, Nagano, 381-8551, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Asymptomatic hepatic cysts, often observed on computed tomography, have never been reported as a risk factor for infection following pancreatoduodenectomy. Symptomatic liver cysts are treated surgically or non-surgically. We encountered a case of infected hepatic cyst following pancreatoduodenectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.02.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7025081PMC
February 2020

A case of hepatic leiomyosarcoma with osteosarcomatous differentiation (malignant mesenchymoma) in a dog.

J Toxicol Pathol 2020 Jan 8;33(1):33-37. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Drug Safety Research and Evaluation, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, 26-1 Muraoka-Higashi 2 Chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.

A rare spontaneous hepatic leiomyosarcoma with osteosarcomatous differentiation was observed in a female beagle dog and its morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics were examined. Upon necropsy, an endoceliac mass originating from the liver was detected, which was composed of hematoid fluid-filled cysts and white to grayish solid tissue. There were no macroscopic findings in other organ systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1293/tox.2019-0065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008204PMC
January 2020

Hepatic subcapsular or capsular flow in biliary atresia: is it useful imaging feature after the Kasai operation?

Eur Radiol 2020 Jun 11;30(6):3161-3167. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Research Institute of Radiological Science, 50-1 Yonsei-Ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul, 03722, South Korea.

Objectives: To evaluate the implications of hepatic subcapsular and capsular flows using ultrasonography (US) in children after Kasai operation.

Methods: Children who underwent liver US including color Doppler US and microvascular imaging (MVI) from May 2017 to October 2017 were retrospectively included. Children who underwent the Kasai operation for biliary atresia were included in the Kasai group and children with normal liver were included in the control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06656-5DOI Listing
June 2020
4.014 Impact Factor

and amoebic liver abscess in northern Sri Lanka: a public health problem.

Trop Med Health 2020 22;48. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

1School of Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

() is a facultative protozoan parasite implicated in amoebic liver abscesses (ALA), the most common extraintestinal manifestation of this infection. is endemic to sub-tropical and tropical countries and has been a major public health concern in northern Sri Lanka (SLK) for the last three decades. This has been attributed to a multitude of factors such as poor sanitation, hygiene, male sex, middle age, overcrowding, unsanitary practices in the production of indigenous alcoholic beverages, and alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41182-020-0193-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6977265PMC
January 2020

Joubert Syndrome: A Rare Radiological Case.

Cureus 2019 Dec 18;11(12):e6410. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Internal Medicine, Sahiwal Medical College, Sahiwal, PAK.

Joubert syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disease characterized by abnormal breathing patterns composed of episodic tachypnea/apnea, hypotonia, ataxia, developmental delay, intellectual impairment, ocular impairment, renal cysts, and hepatic fibrosis. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who presented with global developmental delay, bilateral nystagmus, and gaze instability with difficulty walking and maintaining an upright posture. A detailed examination revealed facial dysmorphic features with a depressed nasal bridge and deepened orbital sockets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6970099PMC
December 2019

Luschka Ducts of the Gallbladder in Adults: Case Series Report and Review of the Medical Literature.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Aug 26;28(5):482-489. Epub 2020 Jan 26.

Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Luschka ducts (LD) of the gallbladder (GB) are rare congenital lesions. They are defined as bile ducts that connect directly the hepatic bile duct system to the GB. We aimed to present the characteristics of 55 cases of GB LDs as diagnosed on cholecystectomy specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920901334DOI Listing