5,569 results match your criteria Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (IgA Vasculitis) in Association with Thyrotoxicosis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2021 22;2021:6669653. Epub 2021 May 22.

Pathology Department, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, which is characterized by thyroid antibodies and the following clinical manifestations: goiter, ophthalmopathy, and pretibial myxedema. On the other hand, Henoch-Schönlein purpura is an IgA-mediated small-vessel vasculitis. Review of the literature showed a relationship between propylthiouracil overdose and the following Henoch-Schönlein purpura (IgA vasculitis) as a side effect. Read More

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The changes in pyroptosis-related inflammatory factors in the peripheral blood of patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Laboratory, Donghai Branch of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China.

Background: Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a common capillary allergic bleeding disease. To explore the variation of pyroptosis-related inflammatory factors level in the peripheral blood of patients with HSP.

Methods: A total of 87 HSP patients treated in our hospital from June 2020 to March 2021 were selected and divided into the renal impairment group (n=29) and the non-renal impairment group (n=58) according to the presence of hematuria and proteinuria. Read More

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Henoch-Schönlein purpura and crohn's disease: Expanding the range of association in pediatric patients.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Ronald O. Perlman Department of Dermatology, Dermatopathology Section, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA.

The association of new onset Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been reported in the setting of concomitant anti-TNF-ɑ treatment. We present two pediatric IBD cases who developed new onset HSP without such association. These cases add to the literature by suggesting an association between HSP and IBD in pediatric population. Read More

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Characteristics of patients with coexisting DNAJB9-associated fibrillary glomerulonephritis and IgA nephropathy.

Clin Kidney J 2021 Jun 5;14(6):1681-1690. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Coexistence of fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) in the same kidney biopsy (FGN-IgAN) is rare, and the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of this dual glomerulopathy are unknown.

Methods: In this study, 20 patients with FGN-IgAN were studied and their characteristics were compared with 40 FGN and 40 IgAN control patients.

Results: Concurrent IgAN was present in 1. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of low-dose corticosteroid with azathioprine in the treatment of elderly-onset IgA vasculitis with nephritis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Nephrology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, Itabashi-ku, Japan.

The diagnosis of elderly-onset IgA vasculitis (IgAV) and its prognosis can be difficult to ascertain because of its rarity and the frequent presence of comorbidities. Furthermore, the treatment of elderly-onset IgAV remains controversial. We report a case of IgAV in an 87-year-old patient. Read More

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A case report of a boy suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus and familial Mediterranean fever.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 2;47(1):127. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialized Surgery, University of the Study of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus could be associated with other autoimmune diseases, such as autoimmune thyroid disease, celiac disease, but the association with Familial Mediterranean Fever is rare, we describe a case of a boy with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus associated with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF).

Case Presentation: A 13 year old boy already suffering from Diabetes Mellitus type 1 since the age of 4 years, came to our attention because of periodic fever associated with abdominal pain, chest pain and arthralgia. The fever appeared every 15-30 days with peaks that reached 40 °C and lasted 24-48 h. Read More

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Streptococcal infection in childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura: a 5-year retrospective study from a single tertiary medical center in China, 2015-2019.

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2021 Jun 2;19(1):79. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Chaohu Hospital of Anhui Medical University, No.64 Chaohu North Road, Hefei, 230022, People's Republic of China.

Background: The present study focuses on the associations of streptococcal infection with the clinical phenotypes, relapse/recurrence and renal involvement in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) children.

Methods: Two thousand seventy-four Chinese children with HSP were recruited from January 2015 to December 2019. Patients' histories associated with HSP onset were obtained by interviews and questionnaires. Read More

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Serum-Urine Matched Metabolomics for Predicting Progression of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Nephritis.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 12;8:657073. Epub 2021 May 12.

The Clinical Metabolomics Center, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.

Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is a common glomerulonephritis secondary to Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) that affects systemic metabolism. Currently, there is a rarity of biomarkers to predict the progression of HSPN. This work sought to screen metabolic markers to predict the progression of HSPN via serum-urine matched metabolomics. Read More

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Primary meningococcal arthritis in a COVID-19 18-year-old man: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 29;21(1):499. Epub 2021 May 29.

Pneumology and Infectious Diseases department, Saint-Quentin hospital, 1 avenue Michel de l'hospital, 02100, Saint-Quentin, France.

Background: SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) infection is associated with various complications. PMA (primary meningococcal arthritis) is a rare meningococcus-associated disease causing arthritis of the knee usually, without any signs of invasive meningococcal disease. No case of PMA in a COVID-19 (coronavirus disease, 2019) patient has yet been described. Read More

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IgA Vasculitis With Henoch-Schönlein Purpura as an Immune Complication Associated With Left Ventricle Assist Device Insertion.

ASAIO J 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

From the Service of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Medical Center, Lausanne, Switzerland the Service of Adult Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Medical Center, Lausanne, Switzerland the Service of Dermatology, University Hospital Medical Center, Lausanne, Switzerland the Service of Cardiology, University Hospital Medical Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.

The implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) in patients with end-stage heart failure can be associated with some forms of immune dysregulation and systemic inflammatory response. These abnormalities may be related to impaired T-lymphocyte-dependent immunity and B-lymphocyte hyper-reactivity and may lead to the development of autoimmune processes and the occurrence of severe infections. We present here the first observation of a peculiar immune complication associated with the implantation of an LVAD, characterized by an IgA vasculitis clinically manifested as Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Read More

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Immune disorders and rheumatologic manifestations of viral hepatitis.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 May;27(18):2073-2089

Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sechenov University, Moscow 119435, Russia.

Infection with hepatotropic viruses is not limited to the liver and can lead to the development of various immunological disorders (the formation of cryoglobulins, rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibodies, autoantibodies specific for autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis, and others), which can manifest as glomerulonephritis, arthritis, uveitis, vasculitis (cryoglobulinemic vasculitis, polyarteritis nodosa, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, isolated cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis), and other rheumatologic disorders, and be a trigger for the subsequent development of autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis. A further study of the association between autoimmune liver diseases and hepatotropic virus infection would be useful to assess the results of treatment of these associated diseases with antiviral drugs. The relationship of these immune disorders and their manifestations with hepatotropic viruses is best studied for chronic hepatitis B and C. Read More

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Clinical effect of combined western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine on children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):3323-3329. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Function, Jiaozhou People's Hospital Jiaozhou 266300, Shandong Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of combined Chinese and western medicine in the treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and its effects on immune function, interleukin (IL)-16, and IL-18 expressione.

Methods: The clinical data of 91 children with HSPN were retrospectively collected and divided into two groups according to the treatment regimen. Group A (n=45) was treated only with western medicine, while group B (n=46) was treated with combined Chinese and western medicine. Read More

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Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Associated with Infection in 131 Children in Hubei Province, China.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2021 1;13(1):e2021037. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Laboratory, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, China.

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A systematic review of urine biomarkers in children with IgA vasculitis nephritis.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Institute of Life Course and Medical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Nephritis is a recognised complication of IgA vasculitis (IgAV, Henoch-Schönlein purpura) contributing to 1-2% of all chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5. Improved understanding may reduce irreversible damage in IgAV nephritis (IgAV-N).

Objective: The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive systematic literature review to identify promising clinical and pre-clinical urine biomarkers in children with IgAV-N that could predict the presence of nephritis and/or determine its severity. Read More

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Emerging Skin Toxicities in Patients with Breast Cancer Treated with New Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/6 Inhibitors: A Systematic Review.

Drug Saf 2021 Jul 6;44(7):725-732. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute-IRCCS, Via Elio Chianesi 53, 00144, Rome, Italy.

Three cyclin-dependent kinases 4/6, including palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib, have been approved for the treatment of patients with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and clinical spectrum of cutaneous adverse events in patients with breast cancer following therapy with cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases up to November 2020 to evaluate studies published from 2015 to 2020. Read More

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Using MEST-C Scores and the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children Classification to Predict Outcomes of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis in Children.

Front Pediatr 2021 14;9:658845. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Jinling Hospital, The First School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN) bear similarities in some aspects. The histological classification of HSPN was built on the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) criteria, while IgAN was established on the 2016 Oxford classification (MEST-C scores). The purpose of this paper was to discuss the predictive value of the ISKDC classification and MEST-C scores in children with HSPN. Read More

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Association of kidney biopsy findings with short- and medium-term outcomes in children with moderate-to-severe IgA vasculitis nephritis.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Multidisciplinary Pediatrics, Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France.

Assessing the initial severity of immunoglobulin A vasculitis nephritis (IgAV-N) is important due to its determining effect on kidney management and outcomes. This paper describes a multicentre paediatric cohort of IgAV-N patients and discusses relationships among clinical presentation, histological features, and kidney outcome. We retrospectively studied a cohort of 170 children with biopsy-proven IgAV-N, diagnosed between 2007 and 2017. Read More

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Predictability of the Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy in Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

General Hospital of Western Theater Command of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Chengdu, China.

Background: Whether the Oxford classification of immunoglobulin A nephropathy can be utilized to predict the adverse renal outcome of Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) has been long-debated. We, therefore, performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of Oxford classification lesions in HSPN.

Methods: We systematically searched Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles published from January 1970 to August 2020. Read More

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[Schönlein-Henoch purpura - single-center, retrospective analysis of the diagnostic process, treatment and course in adults].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2021 Apr;49(290):99-102

Department of Internal Disease, Nephrology and Dialysotherapy, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.

Henoch-Schönlein-purpura (HSP) is a type of systemic vasculitis characterized by increased serum levels of IgA and the deposition of immune complexes mainly composed of IgA1. The cause of this disease has not yet been known. HSP mainly affects the pediatric population. Read More

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Henoch-Schönlein Purpura With Scrotal Involvement: A Case Report and Literature Review.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood and affects the small blood vessels, leading to arthritis, abdominal pain, and renal involvement. However, scrotal involvement is a rare complication of HSP and scrotal pain. Swelling is the most frequent clinical presentation and can be easily confused with testicular torsion. Read More

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Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Presenting as Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed in an Adult Patient.

Cureus 2021 Mar 14;13(3):e13879. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Rheumatology, University of Toledo, Toledo, USA.

Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a multi-system autoimmune disease that is relatively common in pediatric patients. HSP usually manifests as palpable purpura, arthralgia, abdominal pain, and acute kidney injury. Here, we present a case of an adult male with hematemesis as the initial presenting symptom of HSP. Read More

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Immunoglobulin A Vasculitis in a Patient on Hemodialysis and With a Metastatic Liver Lesion.

Cureus 2021 Mar 13;13(3):e13863. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, Suzu General Hospital, Suzu, JPN.

We present the case of a 79-year-old man on hemodialysis with immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis. He developed palpable purpura three weeks after having pneumonia. A skin biopsy showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with IgA and C3 deposition. Read More

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Proteomic analysis of urine reveals biomarkers for the diagnosis and phenotyping of abdominal-type Henoch-Schonlein purpura.

Transl Pediatr 2021 Mar;10(3):510-524

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Gene Engineering Drug and Biotechnology Beijing Key Laboratory, Beijing, China.

Background: Abdominal-type Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a common refractory disease in children. Currently, no specific diagnostic biomarker is available for HSP.

Methods: Children with abdominal type HSP were first diagnosed with three syndromes using Chinese traditional medicine. Read More

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[Efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclophosphamide in the treatment of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis with nephrotic-range proteinuria in children: a prospective randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;23(4):338-342

Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, China.

Objective: To study the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and nephrotic-range proteinuria.

Methods: A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 68 pediatric patients who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and who were diagnosed with HSPN and nephrotic-range proteinuria from August 2016 to November 2019. The patients were randomly divided into two groups:MMF treatment (=33) and CTX treatment (=35). Read More

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Primary systemic vasculitides as the bridge in immune-mediated disorders: small vessels for autoimmunity, medium vessels for autoinflammation.

Acta Reumatol Port 2021 Jan-Mar;46(1):58-68

Department of Internal Medicine, Trofa Saúde Hospital Privado de Gaia, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Vasculitides have been classically considered to be mostly of autoimmune origin, but the role of the innate immune system is being increasingly recognized among primary systemic vasculitides. For example, Behçet's syndrome (BS) shares more common features with autoinflammatory disorders (AIDs) than autoimmune diseases (ADs) and has recently been considered to be a polygenic AID by several authors, while others have classified it as a "mixed-pattern" disorder. This review aims to make a balance between autoinflammatory and autoimmune features of primary systemic vasculitides, including sex prevalence, association and/or familial aggregation with others AIDs or ADs, with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system and/or disease-specific autoantibodies, type of cellular infiltration (neutrophilic or lymphocytic), clinical pattern (episodic or progressive), size of involved joints when articular involvement occurs, presence of lymphadenopathy or hypergammaglobulinemia, and therapeutic benefit of colchicine, IL-1 inhibitors and rituximab. Read More

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IgA vasculitis with nephritis: update of pathogenesis with clinical implications.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

IgA vasculitis with nephritis (IgAVN) shares many pathogenetic features with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The purpose of this review is to describe our current understanding of the pathogenesis of pediatric IgAVN, particularly as it relates to the four-hit hypothesis for IgAN. These individual steps, i. Read More

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A Rare and Severe Presentation of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in an Adolescent With Crescentic Glomerulonephritis, Arrhythmia, Acute Gastrointestinal Bleed, and Neurological Complications.

Cureus 2021 Mar 29;13(3):e14169. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Pathology, Norton Children's Hospital, Louisville, USA.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a childhood vasculitis disorder that involves the skin, joints, gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and kidneys. It is related to immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody deposition in small blood vessels. HSP is a self-limiting disorder, but its morbidity is primarily associated with renal involvement. Read More

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A Rare Case of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura and Mycobacterium xenopi Pulmonary Infection.

Cureus 2021 Feb 24;13(2):e13533. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

General Surgery, Lebanese American University-Medical Center, Beirut, LBN.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a small-vessel vasculitis with cutaneous, articular, gastrointestinal, and renal manifestations. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis and IgA deposits are classically found when involved skin and kidneys are biopsied. The disease's etiology remains unknown, although many bacterial and viral infections have been described as triggering factors. Read More

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February 2021

Characteristics of immune function in the acute phase of Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Infectious Disease, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is still diagnosed using symptoms and signs together with some histopathological findings. The purpose of this study was to summarize the characteristics and roles of cellular and humoral immunity in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).

Methods: A total of 502 cases of patients with acute HSP were diagnosed and observed. Read More

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Severe jejunitis masquerading as intussusception in a case of Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

S Afr J Surg 2021 Mar;59(1):28d-28e

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Max Superspeciality Hospital, India.

Summary: Intussusception is a well-known complication of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).1 Diagnosis of intussusception is based on well-defined clinical and radiological features, but certain conditions can mimic intussusception, both clinically and radiologically, so closely as to result in unnecessary invasive procedures. Authors here present a case of HSP complicated by severe acute jejunitis, masquerading as jejuno-jejunal intussusception on ultrasound. Read More

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