1,767 results match your criteria Heart Surgery Forum[Journal]


Adjusting preoperative risk models of post heart transplant survival to a European cohort in the age of a new cardiac allocation score in Europe.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Dec 19;21(6):E527-E533. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

a. Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, German Heart Center Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

Background Several risk models target the issue of posttransplant survival, but none of them have been validated in a large European cohort. This aspect is important, in a time of the planned change of the Eurotransplant allocation system to a scoring system. Material and Methods Data of 761 heart transplant recipients from the Eurotransplant region with a total follow up of 5027 patient-years were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2205DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The Disparate Effects of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine on Hyperglycemia in Cardiovascular Surgery.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Dec 19;21(6):E522-E526. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Hyperglycemia is a metabolic derangement that frequently develops after cardiovascular surgery. The perioperative administration of inotropic and vasoactive agents, such as epinephrine and norepinephrine, are common in the management of cardiac surgery patients and are known to contribute to the development of postoperative hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that hemodynamic support with epinephrine exacerbates postoperative hyperglycemia to a greater degree than does treatment with norepinephrine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2008DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

N-Acetylcysteine for Preventing of Acute Kidney Injury in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Metaanalysis.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Dec 19;21(6):E513-E521. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First College of Clinical Medical Sciences, Yichang Central People's Hospital, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei province, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has an effect on acute kidney injury (AKI) in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Methods: We reviewed literature through PubMed, Medline through PubMed and OVID, The Cochrane Library, Wan Fang Database, China Biology Medicine Database, Chinese Periodical Database, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (1980 to July 10, 2018). Two investigators independently collected the data and assessed the quality of each study. Read More

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http://journal.hsforum.com/index.php/HSF/article/view/2193
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2193DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
0.562 Impact Factor

Torsades de Pointes in Intravenous Drug Abuse-Associated Infective Endocarditis.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Dec 19;21(6):E507-E512. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, OH, USA.

Intravenous drug abuse rates in the United States have increased exponentially in recent years. Ohio is one of 5 states with the highest age-adjusted drug overdose death rates, with drug overdose causing 39.1 of every 100,000 deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2167DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

String Music: Creating Coronary Artery and other Vascular Anastomoses.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 12 17;21(6):E497-E506. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

The initial version of this treatise was written as I (Curt Tribble) was learning to do coronary anastomoses over 30 years ago, and I worried that I was not being taught very well how to go about doing them. It seemed to me that my teachers were channeling Dr. Alain Carpentier, who often answered questions about his mitral valve repair techniques by saying, "Oh, you just know. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2337DOI Listing
December 2018

A A Novel Risk Score to Predict New Onset Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Dec 13;21(6):E489-E496. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common after cardiac surgery and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to derive and validate a predictive model for AF after CABG in patients, incorporating novel echocardiographic and laboratory values.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients at our institution without preexisting dysrhythmia who underwent on-pump, isolated CABG from 2011-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2151DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Extreme Obesity: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 30;21(6):E485-E488. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, Summa Akron City Hospital, Akron, OH, USA.

The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been described as early as 1972 [Hill 1972]. Though a subsequent randomized trial showed no survival benefit over conventional mechanical ventilation [Zapol 1979], protective ventilation strategies and evolving extracorporeal technology improvements have led to a resurgence in the use of ECMO for patients with ARDS. The most recent randomized clinical trial, Conventional Ventilation or ECMO for Severe Adult Respiratory Failure (CESAR), showed a significant mortality reduction in ARDS patients who were treated with ECMO [Peek 2009]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2057DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Letter To The Editor.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 26;21(6):E484. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

We read the letter of F. Rudman et al [Rudman 2017] about our article entitled "Utility of Omentoplasty in Mediastinitis Treatment following Sternotomy" [Colak 2016]. We thank them for their evaluations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2009DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Use of the ClearSight® System for Continuous Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring during Heart Valve Interventions: Review of the Literature and Single-Site Experience.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 14;21(6):E476-E483. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Interventional Echocardiography, Structural Heart Program, Banner - University Medical Center Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

During interventional and structural cardiology procedures, such as mitral valve (MitraClip, BMV), aortic valve (TAVR, BAV), tricuspid valve (MitraClip), left atrial appendage (Watchman, Lariat), atrial septum (ASD/PFO closure), and coronary artery intervention (high-risk PCI), among others, patients are at a high risk of hemodynamic instability and require continuous monitoring. This is conventionally achieved through arterial catheterization and transpulmonary thermodilution. However, such invasive techniques are time-consuming and have been associated with steep learning curves, vascular complications, and increased risk of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2177DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

A Case of Successful Iliofemoral Vein Stenting from Great Saphenous Vein Access.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 14;21(6):E472-E475. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Cardiology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Chronic venous disease is strongly associated with morbidity and leads to considerable medical costs. Therefore, its clinical significance is very important. Currently, iliac vein stenting is the first treatment option for chronic venous disease due to iliac vein obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2087DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Single-Stage Complete Repair versus Multistage Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot with Borderline Pulmonary Arteries.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 13;21(6):E466-E471. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Al Ahrar Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt.

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect. Borderline pulmonary anatomy has been associated with a higher risk of mortality and morbidity. Strategies to manage this condition-namely, single- or multistage repair-have long been debated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2075DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Giant Left Atrial Appendage Aneurysm: Surgical Treatment to Prevent Potential Complications.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 13;21(6):E464-E465. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Left atrial appendage aneurysm (LAAA) is a rare anomaly, which predisposes to hazardous cardiovascular events. We present a rare case of a 26-year-old female with a giant left atrial appendage aneurysm. The left atrial appendage was incidentally detected during her pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2129DOI Listing
November 2018
0.562 Impact Factor

Association between Circulatory and Plaque Resistin Levels with Carotid Plaque Instability and Ischemic Stroke Events.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 13;21(6):E448-E463. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospital Dubrava, Avenija Gojka Šuška 6, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia.

ses of ischemic stroke. The risk of ischemic stroke increases with the degree of carotid stenosis and plaque vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of circulating and plaque resistin levels with plaque vulnerability and ischemic stroke events in patients with moderate- to high-grade carotid artery stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2071DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads
0.562 Impact Factor

Surgical Treatment for Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy with Concomitant Mitral Valve Abnormalities: A Cohort of 26 Cases.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 7;21(6):E443-E447. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

Background: We sought to analyze the pathological characteristics of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with concomitant mitral valve abnormalities and to discuss the surgical treatment strategies.

Methods: The clinical data of 26 HOCM patients treated from January 2014 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 19 males and 7 females with a mean age of 47 ± 16 years (range, 10-70 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2013DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The Role of Angle in the Evaluation of Ablation Accuracy in Pulmonary Vein Isolation Navigated by Image Integration.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 6;21(6):E438-E442. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: The conventional index for ablation accuracy is to compare the distance between mapping points with and without treatment by using image integration. We attempted to quantitatively evaluate the role of angle as an index in the ablation accuracy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods: A total of 48 patients with AF were included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2231DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Perioperative Results and Risk Factors for In-Hospital Mortality In Patients With Stanford Type A Aortic Dissection Undergoing Sun's Procedure - A Single Center Study.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Nov 6;21(6):E432-E437. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of QingDao University, No.16 JiangSu Road, QingDao 266003, China.

Background: The study was to analyze the therapeutic effect and risk factors of in-hospital mortality in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection operated by Sun's procedure.

Methods: From Jan. 2010 to March 2016, 72 patients whose data was fully accessible underwent Sun's procedure in our hospital due to acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1909DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

On Becoming a Surgical Intern: Navigating the Lurch from Medical School to Internship.

Authors:
Curtis G Tribble

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Oct 3;21(5):E423-E431. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

University of Virginia.

There are three major transitions in the educational trajectory of those heading into a career in surgery. The first transition is from the first year or two of medical school to the clerkships of the third year.  The second is the transition from medical school into the first postgraduate year of residency training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2221DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Comparison of Continuous and Interrupted Suturing Techniques in Ventricular Septal Defect Closure.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Oct 2;21(5):E418-E422. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, İstanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Our goal is to evaluate postoperative outcomes of continuous versus interrupted suturing techniques in ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure surgery.

Methods: The study included 286 patients with isolated VSD who underwent VSD closure surgery between June 2010 and April 2017. VSD closure was performed by using the interrupted suturing technique in group 1 (n = 74, 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2045DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Preventive Use of Ascorbic Acid For Atrial Fibrillation After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Oct 1;21(5):E415-E417. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most frequent complications and a major risk of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Antioxidants such as vitamin C are used for prevention of this arrhythmia. Different results of studies have been reported, but most of them have shown efficiency of vitamin C in prophylaxis of postoperative AF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1938DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Planned Concomitant Left and Right Ventricular Assist Device Insertion to Avoid Long-term Biventricular Mechanical Support: Bridge to Right Ventricular Recovery.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Oct 1;21(5):E412-E414. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Introduction: The planned use of a temporary right ventricular assist device (RVAD) at the time of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation may prevent the need for a permanent biventricular assist device (BiVAD). Herein we describe our RVAD weaning protocol that was effectively employed in 4 patients to prevent the need for permanent BiVAD.

Methods: Four patients in refractory cardiogenic shock underwent planned RVAD insertion during LVAD implantation due to severely depressed right ventricular function with dilation preoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2035DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Organized Hemopericardium Mimicking Malignant Tumor: A Case of Spontaneous Pericardial Hematoma In a 23-Year-Old Young Male.

Authors:
Wenda Wang Qi Miao

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 27;21(5):E409-E411. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

The Department of Cardiac Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College.

Spontaneous pericardial hematoma is rare, and the diagnosis of spontaneous organized hemopericardium is difficult in some cases. The present study reports a case of a 23-year-old man admitted to our hospital for dyspnea on Sept. 30, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2028DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Thoracoscopy Assisted Minimally Surgery (NUSS procedure) for Pectus Excavatum vs. Novel Modified NUSS procedure - A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 27;21(5):E404-E408. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University. Shanghai, China.

Objective: The purpose of this article is to evaluate the efficacy of thoracoscopy assisted minimally surgery (NUSS procedure) for pectus excavatum and novel modified NUSS procedure by comparing the data of patients of pectus excavatum who had undergone novel modified NUSS Procedure or NUSS procedure.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed, involving 132 cases of patients with pectus excavatum collected from Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine Xinhua Hospital cardio-thoracic surgery between Jan. 2009 and Jan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2034DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Primary Cardiac Sarcoma Remission after Surgery: 5-Years Follow-up: Case Report.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 25;21(5):E401-E403. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Biruni University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Primary cardiac sarcoma is a rare and atypical clinical entity. We present a patient with long-term remission after primary cardiac sarcoma resection.

Case Report: A 42-year-old previously healthy female presented to the emergency department after an effort-induced 30-minute episode of chest pain and extreme shortness of breath. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1936DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

A New-Proposal Physical Examination Test for Unilateral Lower Extremity Edema.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 25;21(5):E392-E400. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey.

Objective: Patients with iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) usually present to the hospital with left-sided leg edema. We looked for an answer to the question: ''Can iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) be predicted with a reliable physical examination test in the differential diagnosis?'' Methods: We tested a new physical examination on patients with only left-sided lower extremity edema. In this physical examination the widest area of the calf point (just below tuberosity of the tibia) and medial malleolus was measured in both legs on the Trendelenburg position at 30°and repeated in standing position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2053DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Analysis of Nosocomial Infections in Post-Cardiac Surgery Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support Therapy.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 17;21(5):E387-E391. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Examination Medical Center, Zhongshan Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhongshan, Guangdong, China.

Objectives: This study aims to analyze the nosocomial infection factors in post-cardiac surgery extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supportive treatment (pCS-ECMO).

Methods: The clinical data of the pCS-ECMO patients who obtained nosocomial infections (NI) were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Among the 74 pCS-ECMO patients, 30 occurred with NI, accounting for 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1789DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Clinical outcomes and quality of life in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection after endovascular repair.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 13;21(5):E382-E386. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: Aortic dissection is a severe and life-threatening disease that is usually linked with numerous possible complications. Stanford type B aortic dissection patients often choose endovascular repair due to its mini-invasiveness and quick recovery. This study concerns with medial-term outcome and quality of life (QoL) in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection after endovascular repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1995DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Evidence of Osteogenic Regulation in Calcific Porcine Aortic Valves.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 13;21(5):E375-E381. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Chemically cross-linked animal tissues, such as porcine aortic valves (PAVs) have many documented advantages over mechanical valves. However, calcification is the major underlying pathologic process that results in bioprosthetic valve failure. Recently, several reports described the expression of noncollagenous bone matrix proteins in bioprosthetic valves and suggested an actively regulated process of tissue repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2033DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Surgical Treatment of Cardiac Myxomas: A 23-Case Experience.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Sep 13;21(5):E370-E374. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Medical Faculty, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey.

Objective: Although seen rarely compared to all tumors, cardiac tumors are tumors which may have a mortal course with possible complications. The most common cardiac tumor in adults is myxoma with its benign character. The results of cardiac tumors resected with open cardiac surgery in our center are reported in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1987DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Systems Biology Approaches-based Biomarkers Discovery for Acute Aortic Dissection.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 17;21(5):E365-E369. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, P.R., China.

Acute aortic dissection (AAD) faces great challenges in early diagnosis and effective drug treatment. Recent developments in systems biology approaches allow high-throughput screening of novel diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets. In this review, we summarize the currently available AAD biomarkers identified in the context of genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolic profiles, and highlight the benefits of using a combination of these findings for a better understanding of the molecular nature of this life-threatening disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1999DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Synchronous or Staged Carotid Endarterectomy and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Propensity score matched study.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 17;21(5):E359-E364. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, Aachen 52074, Germany.

Background: The optimal treatment strategy in patients presenting with hemodynamically significant carotid artery disease who are to undergo cardiac surgery, remains controversial. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the outcome data of patients receiving synchronous or staged coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and carotid endarterectomy (CEA).

Methods: Between 2011 and 2016, 3173 patients underwent CABG surgery in our institution, of whom 323 received CABG and CEA either as synchronous (N = 307) or as staged (N = 16) procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2074DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Early and Midterm Outcomes of Rheumatic Mitral Valve Repair.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 14;21(5):E352-E358. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, National Heart Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the leading cause of mitral valve disease in the developing world. In general, mitral valve repair is preferred over replacement. Although it is very successful in degenerative disease, its results in the rheumatic valve are not as successful as that for degenerative repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1978DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads
0.562 Impact Factor

Clinical Outcomes of Mitral Annuloplasty with Flexible Bands in Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 14;21(5):E345-E351. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, 2Department of Cardiology, Private Gelisim Hospital, Iskenderun, Hatay, Turkey.

Background: In this study, we present the outcomes of 53 patients with concomitant coronary artery disease and ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR)who underwent coronary bypass grafting (CABG) plus mitral repair (flexible posterior band annuloplasty).

Materials And Methods: A total of 53 patients with concomitant ischemic mitral regurgitation  and coronary artery disease underwent CABG plus posterior mitral band annuloplasty between June 2008 and June 2015. Flexible Duran AnCore® annuloplasty band (Medtronic) was used in all patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1994DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Early Safety and Efficacy of Sapien 3 20 mm Transcatheter Heart Valve Implantation in Small Japanese Body Size.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 14;21(5):E341-E344. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is effective in treating severe aortic stenosis in inoperable or high-risk surgical patients, however, the little is known about outcomes after Sapien 3 20 mm transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the short term outcomes of Sapien 3 20 mm THV implantation in Japanese people with a small body size.

Methods: We retrospectively collected the hospital records of consecutive patients who underwent TAVI using the Sapien 3 20 mm THV between October 2016 and March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1918DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Relationship Between Polymorphism of Adiponectin Gene SNPS+276 and Coronary Heart Disease.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 13;21(5):E337-E340. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Cardiology, Luoyang Center Hospital Affiliated of Zhengzhou University, Luoyang, China.

Background: This study aims to investigate the relationship between polymorphism of adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene SNPS+276 and the severity of coronary heart disease (CHD) and coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: A total of 582 inpatients were enrolled and divided into Group CHD (342 cases) and the control group (CON, 240 cases), according to their angiographic results from June 2014 to April 2016 for the genotype (G/T) analysis of ADIPOQ SNPs+276 by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).

Results: Group CHD: GG 110 (32%), GT 205 (59%), and TT27 (8%); Group CON: GG 36 (15%), GT 161 (67%), and TT 43 (18%) (P < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2015DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Renalase, Catecholamine and Nitric Oxide Changes Before and After Sodium Nitroprusside Administration to Patients who Develop Post-Coronary Artery By-Pass (CABG) Hypertension.

Authors:
Suna Aydin

Heart Surg Forum 2018 Aug 7;21(5):E330-E336. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Elazig Research and Education Hospital, Health Science University, Elazig, Turkey.

Background: Hypertension develops at a rate of 33 to 70% after Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations. One of the most commonly used drugs to control hypertension is sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Additionally, renalase enzyme destroys catecholamines and mediates the regulation (reduction) of blood pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1998DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

A Review of the Exclusion Technique as a Mode of Surgical Repair in the Treatment of Aortoiliac Aneurysms with Spontaneous Arteriovenous Fistulas

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 26;21(4):E326-E329. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Özel Adana Hastanesi, Adana, Turkey.

Patients who have aortoiliac aneurysms with arteriovenous fistulas are difficult to treat. The traditional mode of surgical repair based on aneurysmal excision, fistula closure and graft inclusion has been associated with high perioperative mortality. As an alternative the exclusion technique has also been utilized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1939DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Sex difference among patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in northern China.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 26;21(4):E322-E325. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Cardiology, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei, China.

Background: Unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on gender-specific patients with ULMCA in the Chinese population and provide a basis for further treatment of PCI in ULMCA disease.

Methods: 173 patients (female, N = 52; male, N = 121; mean age = 61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1810DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Comparison of Left Atriotomy and Superior Transseptal Approaches in Mitral Valve Surgery.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 26;21(4):E318-E321. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To compare the operative and post-operative outcomes of mitral valve surgery (MVS) with a superior transseptal (STS) approach and a left atriotomy (LA) approach.

Methods: In a tertiary academic center, the charts of patients who underwent MVS between 2012 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 135 patients underwent MVS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1997DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

In Through the Out Door: Tips and Tricks for Giving Retrograde Cardioplegia.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 26;21(4):E311-E317. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Antegrade cardioplegia delivery is the most commonly used delivery route. It is given into the aortic root or directly into the coronary ostia. However, there are many reasons to consider using the retrograde delivery of cardioplegia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2063DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Impact of Aortic Valve Replacement on Glycemic Control in Diabetes Mellitus.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 12;21(4):E307-E310. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

University of Kentucky, Gill Heart Institute, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Introduction: The Framingham Studies revealed that diabetes mellitus (DM) predisposed subjects to a two- to eight-fold increase in the risk of developing heart failure (HF). However, there is much less information available about the reverse issue; namely, whether there is an increased risk of developing DM in patients with HF. We sought to determine if reversal or partial reversal of HF through aortic valve replacement (AVR) would improve glycemic control in patients with DM at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1992DOI Listing
July 2018
17 Reads

Surgical Resection Of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms In Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 2;21(4):E305-E306. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aortic aneurysms are a rare condition in children. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by infections, thrombocytopenia, and eczema. Aortitis and aneurysm formation seem to be progressive in patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1972DOI Listing
July 2018
16 Reads

Subclinical Endocarditis Might be a Hidden Trigger of Early Prosthetic Valve Calcification: A Histological Study.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 07 2;21(4):E300-E304. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Dresden Heart Center, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany.

Objective: Despite various improvements in valve prosthetics, early valve deterioration still occurs, leading to prosthetic failure. Studying the early phase of this deterioration is quite difficult, as the prosthesis to be examined is almost always explanted only after extensive deterioration. The objective of this research is to study the pathology of early valve deterioration in an early stage in order to reveal the possible trigger of the process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1740DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads

Prediction and Perception of Technical Difficulties in Adult Cardiac Surgery.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 26;21(4):E294-E299. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Mediclin Herrzzentrum Lahr/ Baden, Germany.

Background: Unexpected intra-operative technical difficulties are not uncommon in cardiac surgery. Our objective is to study the incidence, predictors, and consequences of unexpected difficulties in adult cardiac operations.

Methods: A total of 500 consecutive elective operations were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1980DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Bedside Emergency Percutaneous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator with Bicaval Dual-Lumen Cannula.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 26;21(4):E290-E293. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Cardiac Surgery Unit, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, V.le Europa, Germaneto, Catanzaro, Italy.

Background: Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support has emerged as a valuable rescue therapy in patients with severe acute lung failure. A new bicaval dual-lumen percutaneous cannula can be instituted with a single puncture of the right internal jugular vein under image guidance (fluoroscopy and/or trans-esophageal echocardiography) to support VV-ECMO. However, malpositioning of the dual-lumen catheter can jeopardize the efficacy of the ECMO therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1927DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

Modified Peritoneal Dialysis for Treatment of Acute Renal Failure after Complex Congenital Heart Surgery in Infants.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 25;21(4):E286-E289. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, First Hospital Affiliated to Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the common complications in infants and children after complex congenital heart surgery. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is usually applied for renal replacement therapy (RRT), especially in infants. We investigated the efficacy and safety of modified PD for the treatment of acute renal failure and congestive heart failure after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease in infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1915DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Performance of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons 2008 Cardiac Risk Models for Major Postoperative Complications after Heart Valve Surgery in a Chinese Population: A Multicenter Study.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 19;21(4):E281-E285. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Background: To evaluate the performance of Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) 2008 cardiac surgery risk scores for postoperative complications in Chinese patients undergoing single valve surgery at multicenter institutions.

Methods: From January 2009 through December 2012, 4493 consecutive patients older than 16 years who underwent single valve surgery at 4 cardiac surgical centers were collected and scored according to the STS 2008 risk scores. The final research population included the following isolated heart valve surgery types: aortic valve replacement, mitral valve replacement, and mitral valve repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1945DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Left Ventricular Dilatation and Posterior Papillary Muscle Displacement in an Ex Vivo Pulsatile Model of Functional Mitral Regurgitation.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 18;21(4):E275-E280. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Background: Surgical method of choice for functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is debatable, since recurrence of FMR post-annuloplasty has been reported in a significant number of cases. Developing a pulsatile FMR heart model by left ventricular dilatation can be a favorable option for usage in the primary stages of developing new surgical techniques that adjunctively targets the posterior papillary muscle (PPM) geometry.

Methods: PPM of ex vivo ovine hearts (N = 22) was displaced by three different sizes of patches to induce left ventricular dilatation and FMR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1947DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Mid-Term Clinical Outcome of Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Valvulotomized Vein Grafts.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 18;21(4):E269-E274. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart Center Siegburg, Siegburg, Germany.

Background: The lower patency rate of vein grafts (VG) in comparison to arterial grafts may be related to vein valves, which favor turbulences and thrombosis that lead to graft failure. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of patients with valvulotomized VG after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedure.

Methods: From 2007 to 2014, 233 patients with a mean age of 67 ± 9 years had CABG or combined CABG and valve procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1960DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Perioperative Outcomes of Repeated Open Surgery on the Thoracic Aorta.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 18;21(4):E263-E268. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Repeated thoracic aorta repair is increasingly common. With the increase in hybrid procedures, determination of the best treatment strategy requires evaluation of the clinical outcomes of classic open surgery.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 119 patients (84 men and 35 women, aged 51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2004DOI Listing
June 2018
13 Reads

The role of Heart Failure Team in managing Mechanical Circulatory Support in a Swiss low-volume institution.

Heart Surg Forum 2018 06 15;21(4):E257-E262. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Cardiac Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Outcomes after VAD implantation may be dependent on institutional procedural volume. Specifically, it is claimed that high volumes are associated to better clinical results. This study aims to determine if this procedure is safe even in low-volume center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1979DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads