129,010 results match your criteria Hearing Research [Journal]


Surgery and protontherapy in Grade I and II skull base chondrosarcoma: A comparative retrospective study.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208786. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

AP-HP, Hôpital Lariboisière, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Paris Diderot University, Paris, France.

Objective: Skull base chondrosarcoma is a rare tumour usually treated by surgery and proton therapy. However, as mortality rate is very low and treatment complications are frequent, a less aggressive therapeutic strategy could be considered. The objective of this study was to compare the results of surgery only vs surgery and adjuvant proton therapy, in terms of survival and treatment adverse effects, based on a retrospective series. Read More

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December 2018

Masking Release for Speech in Modulated Maskers: Electrophysiological and Behavioral Measures.

Ear Hear 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain an electrophysiological analog of masking release using speech-evoked cortical potentials in steady and modulated maskers and to relate this masking release to behavioral measures for the same stimuli. The hypothesis was that the evoked potentials can be tracked to a lower stimulus level in a modulated masker than in a steady masker and that the magnitude of this electrophysiological masking release is of the same order as that of the behavioral masking release for the same stimuli.

Design: Cortical potentials evoked by an 80-ms /ba/ stimulus were measured in two steady maskers (30 and 65 dB SPL), and in a masker that modulated between these two levels at a rate of 25 Hz. Read More

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December 2018

A Laboratory Evaluation of Contextual Factors Affecting Ratings of Speech in Noise: Implications for Ecological Momentary Assessment.

Ear Hear 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Audiology & Speech Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: As hearing aid outcome measures move from retrospective to momentary assessments, it is important to understand how contextual factors influence subjective ratings. Under laboratory-controlled conditions, we examined whether subjective ratings changed as a function of acoustics, response timing, and task variables.

Design: Eighteen adults (age 21 to 85 years; M = 51. Read More

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December 2018

WHO World Hearing Forum: Guest Editorial: Ear and Hearing Care: A Global Public Health Priority.

Authors:
Sharon G Curhan

Ear Hear 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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December 2018

Working with consumers who hear voices: The experience of early career nurses in mental health services in Australia.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Mental health consumers who hear voices frequently experience distress and express a desire to discuss their voice-hearing experience. Nurses do not regularly demonstrate a willingness to engage in such discussions. With the introduction of educational strategies that develop empathy and an understanding of voice-hearing experiences, it is anticipated that early career nurses will be able to translate such understanding into their professional nursing practice. Read More

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December 2018

Reported benefits of peer support group involvement by adults with hearing loss.

Int J Audiol 2018 Dec 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

f College of Nursing and Health Sciences , Flinders University , Adelaide , Australia.

The purpose of this study was to better understand the benefits of self-help group involvement by adults with hearing loss. A secondary content analysis of interview transcripts of participants from a previous study on the impact of stigma on help-seeking was carried out. Ten members (aged 55-76 years) of self-help groups for persons with hearing loss in the United States of America and Canada participated in the interviews. Read More

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December 2018

Mental Disorders and Learning Disabilities in Children and Adolescents: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Authors:
Barbara T Felt

FP Essent 2018 Dec;475:11-17

University of Michigan Medical School Department of Pediatrics - Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, 1522 Simpson Road, East Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5718.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral condition that affects more than 9% of US children and adolescents and often is seen in family medicine settings. A comprehensive evaluation for ADHD gathers information across time and settings; considers common comorbid or alternative conditions, such as learning disabilities and disorders of mood or anxiety, vision, hearing, and sleep; and includes a thorough physical examination. The need for additional evaluation is determined by the history and physical examination results. Read More

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December 2018

Pneumolabyrinth and Recurrent Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo After Traumatic Stapes Fracture.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 17:3489418819553. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 Institute of Otolaryngology, Department of Neurosciences, Padova University, Padova, Italy.

Objectives:: The development of pneumolabyrinth without previous head trauma is a rare event; the associated symptoms may be nonspecific, and they can simulate various cochleo-vestibular pathological entities. The aim of the present study is to describe one of these rare occurrences, characterized by a peculiar onset.

Methods:: We report a case of stapes fracture secondary to ear pick penetration into the middle ear with a pneumolabyrinth that caused a recurrent paroxysmal positional vertigo (PPV) mimicking a canalolithiasis. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Features and Endolymphatic Hydrops in Patients With MRI Evidence of Hydrops.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 17:3489418819551. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 ENT Institute and Otorhinolaryngology Department, Affiliated Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives:: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between grades of endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) and clinical characteristics and determine the detailed clinical characteristics of Ménière's disease (MD) patients with evidence of hydrops based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods:: One hundred ninety-eight MD patients (396 ears) with MRI evidence of hydrops were included. ELH grades were evaluated using the Nakashima grading standard. Read More

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December 2018

A recurrent mutation in KCNQ4 in Korean families with nonsyndromic hearing loss and rescue of the channel activity by KCNQ activators.

Hum Mutat 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Pharmacology, Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Sciences, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Korea.

Mutations in potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 4 (KCNQ4) are etiologically linked to nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL), deafness nonsyndromic autosomal dominant 2 (DFNA2). To identify causative mutations of hearing loss in 98 Korean families, we performed whole exome sequencing. In three independent families with NSHL, we identified a cosegregating heterozygous missense mutation, c. Read More

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December 2018

Rs1894720 polymorphism in MIAT increased susceptibility to age-related hearing loss by modulating the activation of miR-29b/SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: MIAT may be implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related hearing loss (AHL). This study aimed to clarify the effect of a MIAT signaling pathway on the risk of AHL.

Methods: Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay, auditory brainstem response (ABR) and quantitative hair cell counts were used to compare the hearing functions in different groups of mice. Read More

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December 2018

Segmental Maternal UPD of Chromosome 7q in a Patient With Pendred and Silver Russell Syndromes-Like Features.

Front Genet 2018 30;9:600. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Laboratory of Endocrine and Metabolic Research, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, Italy.

Pendred syndrome (PS) is an autosomal recessive disorder due to mutations in the gene (chr7q22. 3) and characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and variable thyroid phenotype. Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a heterogeneous imprinting disorder including severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, and dysmorphic features. Read More

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November 2018

Integrating Voice Quality Cues in the Pitch Perception of Speech and Non-speech Utterances.

Front Psychol 2018 29;9:2147. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Pitch perception plays a crucial role in speech processing. Since F0 is highly ambiguous and variable in the speech signal, effective pitch-range perception is important in perceiving the intended linguistic pitch targets. This study argues that the effectiveness of pitch-range perception can be achieved by taking advantage of other signal-internal information that co-varies with F0, such as voice quality cues. Read More

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November 2018

[Evaluation of on-the-job noise exposure in the case of bartenders].

Med Pr 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Klinika Audiologii i Foniatrii / Audiology and Phoniatrics Clinic).

Background: In places associated with the entertainment industry in which music is performed or played, sounds with high sound pressure levels may occur. Such exposure is a threat to both people spending their free time at concerts, in discos or pubs, as well as employees in these places. The aim of the research conducted in 2017 was to assess on-the-job noise exposure in the case of bartenders at various premises of the entertainment industry. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of hearing impairment and associated factors in school-aged children and adolescents: a systematic review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde de Trairi (FACISA), Santa Cruz, RN, Brazil.

Introduction: Hearing impairment is one of the communication disorders of the 21st century, constituting a public health issue as it affects communication, academic success, and life quality of students. Most cases of hearing loss before 15 years of age are avoidable, and early detection can help prevent academic delays and minimize other consequences.

Objective: This study researched scientific literature for the prevalence of hearing impairment in school-aged children and adolescents, with its associated factors. Read More

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December 2018

Quality of life related to symptomatic outcomes in patients with vestibular schwannomas: A Canadian Centre perspective.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Division of Neurosurgery, QEII Halifax Infirmary Site, 3rd Floor, 1796 Summer Street, Halifax, NS B3H 3A7, Canada; Maritime Lateral Skull Base Clinic: Divisions of Neurosurgery, OtolaryngologyHead & Neck Surgery, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, Dalhousie University, QEII Health Sciences Centre, 3rd floor Dickson Building, 5820 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 1Y9, Canada.

Patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS) typically present with hearing loss and tinnitus as well as variable cranial nerve dysfunctions. Surgical resection, stereotactic radiotherapy and/or conservative management employing serial magnetic resonance or computed tomography imaging serve as the main treatment options. Quality of life (QoL) may be impacted by the extent of tumour burden and exacerbated or relieved by treatment. Read More

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November 2018

Comparative study of epidermal growth factor and observation only on human subacute tympanic membrane perforation.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang City 453003, Henan Province, China.

Objective: To compare the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and observation only on human subacute tympanic membrane perforation (TMP).

Methods: A total of 44 patients with traumatic TMPs >2 months after trauma were divided into an observation group (n = 18) and EGF group (n = 26). Patients in the EGF group underwent direct application of EGF without stripping of the perforation edge. Read More

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November 2018

Hazardous noise exposure from noisy toys may increase after purchase and removal from packaging: A call for advocacy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 22;116:84-87. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, 516 Delaware St. SE, Suite 8-240, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Previous studies identified hazardous noise levels from packaged toys. Sound levels may increase when packaging is removed and therefore, complicate the ability to accurately assess noise levels before purchase. The goal of this study was to evaluate how packaging affects the decibel (dB) level of toys by: 1) Assessing dB level of toys with and without packaging. Read More

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January 2019

Findings from aetiological investigation of Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder in children referred to cochlear implant programs.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 11;116:79-83. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Cochlear Implant Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objectives: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is an audiological diagnosis characterised by hearing dysfunction in the presence of intact outer hair cell function in the cochlea. ANSD is thought to account for 7-10% of all childhood permanent hearing impairment, and can result from a range of pathological processes. This paper describes the rationale, methods and findings from the aetiological investigation of ANSD. Read More

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January 2019

Assessment of balance skills and falling risk in children with congenital bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 23;116:75-78. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Karabuk University, Faculty of Medicine, Karabuk, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the balance skills and falling risk in children with a congenital bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss (CBPSNHL).

Methods: 25 children with CBPSNHL and healthy 25 children with similar age and gender were included in the study. The flamingo balance test, the tandem stance test, and the one-leg standing test were performed to assess the patients' static balance skills. Read More

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January 2019

Parental anxiety towards 'refer' results in newborn hearing screening (NHS) in south India: A hospital based study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 13;116:25-29. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute (Deemed to be University), Chennai, India. Electronic address:

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January 2019

Hidden hearing loss in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 2;116:186-191. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the auditory system for hidden hearing loss (HHL) and its association with clinical variables and endothelial dysfunction (ED) in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia (SCA).

Methods: Participants included 37 patients with stable SCA and 44 healthy controls (HC group) (aged 6-18 years) with hearing thresholds ≤ 20 dB (dB) were evaluated for pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, acoustic reflex, otoacoustic emission, and auditory evoked potentials. Laboratory analysis of the lipid profile, and C-reactive protein levels and endothelial function using ultrasonographic imaging of the brachial artery to assess flow-mediated dilation were performed. Read More

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January 2019

Prevalence and etiology of sensorineural hearing loss in children with down syndrome: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 3;116:168-172. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: The prevalence and causes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children with Down syndrome (DS) are poorly delineated.

Objective: To describe the prevalence, severity, laterality and underlying etiology of SNHL in a cohort of children with DS.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among all children with DS followed at the multidisciplinary Downteam of the Antwerp University Hospital. Read More

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January 2019

Extrusion of straight cochlear implant electrodes May be diminished by proximal fixation.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 3;116:164-167. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children. Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto. Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Archie's Cochlear Implant Laboratory, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: To determine if proximal fixation of the cochlear implant helps reduce the rate of straight electrode array extrusion/migration.

Methods: Records of 278 children implanted with a straight electrode at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 1990 to 2017 were reviewed. Demographics, operative reports, electrode type, radiological studies and audiological assessments including impedance and stimulation parameters were collected. Read More

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January 2019

Genotyping and audiological characteristics of infants with a single-allele SLC26A4 mutation.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 1;116:153-158. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing, China; Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To identify second-allele variant in infants with a known single-allele mutation of the SLC26A4 gene and to determine the frequency of their occurrence; and to investigate the clinical audiological characteristics of infants with bi-allelic mutations in SLC26A4.

Methods: The study subjects were 371 patients with a single-allele SLC26A4 mutation detected by neonatal deafness gene screening (4 genes and 9 pathogenic variants) who were treated at the otology outpatient department of Beijing Tongren Hospital. The exonic and flanking splice site regions of the SLC26A4 gene were sequenced for all patients. Read More

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January 2019

Parent perspectives on multidisciplinary pediatric hearing healthcare.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 31;116:141-146. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center, College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, OSU Eye and Ear Institute, 915 Olentangy River Road, Columbus, OH, 43212, USA; Nationwide Children's Hospital- Pediatric Otology & Hearing Program, 700 Children's Drive, Suite 2A, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.

Introduction: Family-centered healthcare demands that families provide input regarding the care of their children. Very little is known, however, about how families perceive their experience in different types of multidisciplinary team models, and specifically, in the multidisciplinary setting currently utilized in many pediatric hearing clinics.

Methods: Quantitative and qualitative parent survey responses were collected and analyzed in a tertiary care pediatric medical center after a one-day multidisciplinary assessment clinical appointment. Read More

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January 2019

Probiotics in the treatment of otitis media. The past, the present and the future.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 19;116:135-140. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; The University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Herston, Australia. Electronic address:

Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common infectious diseases in children and the leading cause for medical consultations and antibiotic prescription in this population. The burden of disease associated with OM is greater in developing nations and indigenous populations where the associated hearing loss contributes to poor education and employment outcomes. Current treatment and prevention is largely focused on vaccination and antibiotics. Read More

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January 2019

Prediction of uptake and retention of conventional hearing aids in Korean pediatric patients with unilateral hearing loss.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 26;116:130-134. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe and predict hearing aid uptake and retention in Korean pediatric patients with unilateral hearing loss (UHL) in a secondary referral hospital.

Methods: This was a retrospective study using clinical data collected at the time of UHL diagnosis. The study included data collected from 2009 to 2016. Read More

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January 2019

Effects of socioeconomic status on children with hearing loss.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 23;116:114-117. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Cleveland Clinic, Head and Neck Institute, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44995, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Health care disparities are noted between different socioeconomic groups; it is crucial to recognize and correct disparities, if present, that extend to children with hearing loss. The objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on access to hearing rehabilitation and speech and language therapy and outcomes in children with hearing loss.

Methods: Retrospective Chart Review of children diagnosed with hearing loss at 3 tertiary care academic centers from 2010 to 2012. Read More

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January 2019

Autologous cartilage microtia reconstruction: Complications and risk factors.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 2;116:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

ENT Institute, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China. Electronic address:

Background: The Brent or Nagata techniques of microtia reconstruction and their modifications involve complicated frameworks; therefore, complications are inevitable. The authors aimed to provide comprehensive knowledge regarding the occurrence, development, prognosis, risk factors, and treatment of complications.

Methods: This study was a retrospective review of patients who underwent autologous cartilage microtia reconstruction at a single auricular plastic and reconstructive center between March 2005 and June 2016. Read More

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January 2019

The Role of Cognitive Control in Tinnitus and Its Relation to Speech-in-Noise Performance.

J Audiol Otol 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Speech and Hearing Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Self-reported difficulties in speech-in-noise (SiN) recognition are common among tinnitus patients. Whereas hearing impairment that usually co-occurs with tinnitus can explain such difficulties, recent studies suggest that tinnitus patients with normal hearing sensitivity still show decreased SiN understanding, indicating that SiN difficulties cannot be solely attributed to changes in hearing sensitivity. In fact, cognitive control, which refers to a variety of top-down processes that human beings use to complete their daily tasks, has been shown to be critical for SiN recognition, as well as the key to understand cognitive inefficiencies caused by tinnitus. Read More

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December 2018

Age-related changes in neural coding of envelope cues: peripheral declines and central compensation.

Neuroscience 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, and Eaton-Peabody Laboratories, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Aging listeners often experience difficulties in perceiving temporally complex acoustic cues in noisy environments. These difficulties likely have neurophysiological contributors from various levels of auditory processing. Cochlear synapses between inner hair cells and auditory nerve fibers exhibit a progressive decline with age which is not reflected in the threshold audiogram. Read More

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December 2018

Titanium ossicular chain reconstruction in single stage canal wall down tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media with mucosa defect.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate surgical outcomes for chronic otitis media with mucosa defect underwent titanium ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR) in single stage canal wall down tympanoplasty (CWD).

Methods: A clinical retrospective study was performed on 83 cases of the chronic otitis media with mucosa defect and 123 ears with mucosa integrity according to intraoperative findings that underwent synchronous titanium OCR in single stage CWD form January 2012 to January 2018. Pre- and postoperative air conduction threshold (AC), air-bone gap (ABG) and ABG closure at 0. Read More

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November 2018

The ice in voices: Understanding negative content in auditory-verbal hallucinations.

Clin Psychol Rev 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Negative voice-content is the best sole predictor of whether the hearer of an auditory-verbal hallucination will experience distress/impairment necessitating contact with mental health services. Yet, what causes negative voice-content and how interventions may reduce it remains poorly understood. This paper offers definitions of negative voice content and considers what may cause negative voice-content. Read More

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November 2018

Insect-inspired acoustic micro-sensors.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Dec 6;30:33-38. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Centre for Ultrasonic Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 204 George Street, Glasgow, G1 1XW, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Micro-Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) microphones inspired by the remarkable phonotactic capability of Ormia ochracea offer the promise of microscale directional microphones with a greatly reduced need for post-processing of signals. Gravid O. ochracea females can locate their host cricket's 5 kHz mating calls to an accuracy of less than 2° despite having a distance of approximately 500 μm between the ears. Read More

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December 2018

Association of language, behavior, and parental stress in young children with a language disorder.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 12;85:143-153. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Tranzo, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands; Praktikon, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Several studies show that language problems, child behavior problems, and parental stress can co-occur in children. Still, little is known about how these domains are related in toddlers with a language disorder (LD).

Aims: This study examined relations between language problems, child behaviour problems, and parental stress in toddlers with LD and if these relations differ for children with different types of LD. Read More

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December 2018
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Electrophysiological and behavioral measures of some speech contrasts in varied attention and noise.

Hear Res 2018 Dec 6;373:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Lund University Department of Psychology, Paradisgatan 5, Lund, 22100, Sweden. Electronic address:

This paper investigates the salience of speech contrasts in noise, in relation to how listening attention affects scalp-recorded cortical responses. The contrasts that were examined with consonant-vowel syllables, were place of articulation, vowel length and voice-onset time (VOT) and our analysis focuses on the correspondence between the effect of attention on the electrophysiology and the decrement in behavioral results when noise was added to the stimuli. Normal-hearing subjects (n = 20) performed closed-set syllable identification in no noise, 0, 4 and 8 dB signal-noise ratio (SNR). Read More

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December 2018

Power and phase coherence in sensorimotor mu and temporal lobe alpha components during covert and overt syllable production.

Exp Brain Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Ave, Washington, DC, USA.

The sensorimotor dorsal stream is known to activate in both overt and covert speech production. However, overt production produces sensory consequences that are absent during covert production. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to investigate differences in dorsal stream activity between these two production conditions across the time course of utterances. Read More

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December 2018

Cochlear implantation in patients with ossified cochleas.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: The timing of CI for postmeningitic deafness is controversial and differential outcomes have been reported. To review and share our surgical and auditory outcomes.

Materials And Methods: 17 patients with ossified cochleas who received CI were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018

Occupational Diseases among Workers in Lower and Higher Socioeconomic Positions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 13;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Amsterdam UMC, Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Netherlands Center for Occupational Diseases, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

To determine differences between workers in lower and higher socioeconomic positions (SEP) in incidences of occupational disease (OD) and incapacity for work due to ODs. From a Dutch dynamic prospective cohort of occupational physicians (OPs), ODs assessed by OPs were retrieved for lower and higher SEP groups. Among the lower SEP, musculoskeletal disorders, and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) comprised two-thirds of the OD diagnoses. Read More

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December 2018

Hearing Status in Survivors of Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treated With Chemotherapy Only: A NOPHO-AML Study.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Jan;41(1):e12-e17

Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus.

Background: As more children survive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) it is increasingly important to assess possible late effects of the intensive treatment. Hearing loss has only sporadically been reported in survivors of childhood AML. We assessed hearing status in survivors of childhood AML treated with chemotherapy alone according to 3 consecutive NOPHO-AML trials. Read More

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January 2019

[Follow-up research on hearing progression of GJB2 mutation associated hearing loss in children].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1798-1803

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100730, China.

To analyze the auditory follow-up alteration of GJB2 associated hearing loss children. Forty three children aged 0-5 years with homozygous or heterozygous mutations of gene attach to the Children' s Hearing Diagnostic Center of our hospital were enrolled in this study. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions and acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response, auditory steady state response, acoustic impedance, pediatric behavior audiometry and other audiological tests were performed. Read More

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December 2018
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[MicroRNA and sensorineural hearing loss].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1523-1526

Hearing loss caused by disorders throughout the cochlea or auditory pathway called sensorineural hearing loss. The etiology of sensorineural deafness is complex and diverse, and the sensory epithelial cell damage of the inner ear spiral is the main pathological change. MicroRNAs play a role in the regulation of gene expression by inhibiting or degrading the mRNA of target genes. Read More

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October 2018

[The clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canal keratosis obturans].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1502-1503

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215003, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canalkeratosis obturans(KO). Retrospective analyze the clinical data of twenty-three patients were diagnosed with external auditory canal cholesteatoma(EACC). Their chief complaint, the course of the disease, clinical characteristics,CT manifestations,surgical procedure and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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October 2018

[The outcomes comparison between autologous incus and titanium PORP in Austin A and C type ossicle defect cases].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1499-1501

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University,750004,Yinchuan,China.

A series of otitis media patients with Austin A and C type ossicles defects received ossicular chain reconstruction surgery using either autologous incus or titanium partial ossicular replacement prosthesis (PORP).The hearing outcomes and exclusion rate of prosthesis were compared between these two groups. One hundred and seventy-six patients with chronic otitis media underwent ossiculoplasty in our hospital during 2016-2017. Read More

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October 2018

[Study on the relationship between neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and platelet lymphocyte ratio and sudden deafness].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1486-1490

Department of Otology, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, China.

To investigate the relationship between neutrophil lymphocyte ratio(NLR) and platelet lymphocyte ratio(PLR) and the incidence of sudden deafness and its impact on the prognosis. The clinical data of 203 patients with sudden deafness was retrospectively analyzed.Pure tone audiometry, complete blood count and other related examinations were performed before treatment. Read More

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October 2018

[Clinical application of seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1483-1486

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital.

To investigate the clinical value of the seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire(ETDQ-7) in evaluating Eustachian tube dysfunction before and after treatment. A retrospective analysis of 50 patients with Eustachian tube dysfunction diagnosed. All the patients were given chymotrypsin 4 000 IU and dexamethasone injection 5 mg by blowing through the Eustachian tube under nasal endoscopic guidance once daily for 3-6 consecutive days. Read More

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October 2018
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[Cochlear implant for elder patients over 75 years old].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1477-1479

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100032, China.

To evaluate the operation safety, hearing as well as speech results of cochlear implantation that were applied in patients over 75 years old. A series of patients who were diagnosed as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss and received cochlear implantation were admitted. The clinical data and rehabilitation effects of the patients who were over 75 years old were summarized. Read More

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October 2018

[Study of cone-beam CT in evaluating the electrode array of cochlear implantation postoperatively].

Authors:
Y S Song S S Gong

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1371-1373

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

To explore ways of evaluating morphological information of cochlea electrode in post cochlear implantation patients, and so as to make sure its value of clinical usage.A series of 52 patients who were diagnosed as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss and received cochlear implantation were admitted. All the patients had cone-beam CT scanning of the operated side 1 or 2 days after operation. Read More

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September 2018

[Research progress on auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and cochlear implantation in infants and young children].

Authors:
J Y Chen Y X Li

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1120-1124

Auditory neuropathy is a disorder characterized by absent or severely abnormal auditory brainstem response (ABR) with intact outer hair cell function, as evidenced by the presence of evoked otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics. Unlike patients with sensory hearing loss who show clinical evidence of impaired outer hair cell function. For ANSD patients, clinical rehabilitation is mainly limited to hearing aid wearing and cochlear implantation. Read More

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