19,202 results match your criteria Hearing Aids


Tinnitus in Canada.

Health Rep 2019 Mar;30(3):3-11

Canadian Hearing Society, Toronto, Ontario.

Background: Tinnitus, which has no cure, can be a temporary irritant or a life-altering condition. Many factors can precipitate tinnitus, including hearing loss, exposure to loud noise and other otologic causes, neurological injuries or disease, dental disorders, some medications, and certain infectious diseases. This study summarizes new tinnitus data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25318/82-003-x201900300001-engDOI Listing

Factors associated with the efficiency of hearing aids for patients with age-related hearing loss.

Clin Interv Aging 2019 26;14:485-492. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China,

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the satisfaction of age-related hearing loss (ARHL) or presbycusis patients with individual, accurate, and precise fitting progress, which is a priority for bilateral hearing aids, and to explore the related influencing factors and their role in predicting the efficiency of hearing aids.

Methods: A total of 73 cases of presbycusis patients aged 60-95 years old underwent pure tone audiometry and speech recognition ability examination to obtain the pure tone audiometry of the better ear (BPTA) and maximum speech recognition rate of the better ear (BSRR) in quiet environment before hearing aid fitting. Audiologists evaluated the efficiency and satisfaction of participants according to the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA) questionnaire scores by face-to-face or telephone investigations after using the hearing aids for at least 3 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S190651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396655PMC
February 2019

The effect of cross-over frequency on binaural hearing performance of adults using electric-acoustic stimulation.

Cochlear Implants Int 2019 Mar 18:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia.

Objective: To investigate the effect of varying cross-over frequency (CF) settings for electric-acoustic (EA) stimulation in one ear combined with acoustic (A) hearing in the opposite ear on binaural speech perception, localization and functional performance in real life.

Methods: Performance with three different CF settings set according to audiometric-based criterion were compared, following a four week familiarisation period with each, in ten adult cochlear implant recipients with residual hearing in both ears. On completion of all trials participants selected their preferred CF setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14670100.2019.1590499DOI Listing

Passage comprehension performance in children with cochlear implants and/or hearing aids: the effects of voice quality and multi-talker babble noise in relation to executive function.

Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 2019 Mar 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Department of Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Clinical Sciences in Lund , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Purpose: Speech signal degradation such as a voice disorder presented in quiet or in combination with multi-talker babble noise could affect listening comprehension in children with hearing impairment. This study aims to investigate the effects of voice quality and multi-talker babble noise on passage comprehension in children with using cochlear implants (CIs) and/or hearing aids (HAs). It also aims to examine what role executive functioning has for passage comprehension in listening conditions with degraded signals (voice quality and multi-talker babble noise) in children using CI/HA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14015439.2019.1587501DOI Listing

Inappropriate Use of the "Rosowski Criteria" and "Modified Rosowski Criteria" for Assessing the Normal Function of Human Temporal Bones.

Audiol Neurootol 2019 Mar 14;24(1):20-24. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Institute of Translational Medicine, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Important research by Rosowski et al. [Twenty-Seventh Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2004, p. 275] has led to a standard practice by the American Society for Testing Materials [West Conshohocken: ASTM International; 2014] to assess normal function of temporal bones used in the development of novel middle ear actuators and sensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495131DOI Listing

[Cochlear implant in children].

Rev Prat 2018 Oct;68(8):870-873

Service ORL, CHU de Rennes, France.

Cochlear implant in children. In a newborn, sensitive auditory stimulations allow the progressive central auditory development. In a congenital severe or profound deaf child, a cochlear implantation can be considered if auditory thresholds are too low to provide an efficient auditory stimulation with hearing aids. Read More

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October 2018

[Diagnostic approach to child deafness].

Authors:
Natacha Teissier

Rev Prat 2018 Oct;68(8):862-869

Service de chirurgie ORL et cervicofaciale, hôpital Robert-Debré, Paris, France.

Diagnostic approach to child deafness. The identification of a hearing loss in a child must lead the practitioner to take two initiatives: first, he must characterize it as a conductive or perceptive hearing loss, and assess its severity; secondly, he must try to establish its origin because the management can depend on it. The etiological search relies on a careful physical examination and complementary tests oriented on the findings of the latter, the clinical history and not only personal but also prenatal medical history. Read More

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October 2018

Speech-in-noise representation in the aging midbrain and cortex: Effects of hearing loss.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(3):e0213899. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States of America.

Age-related deficits in speech-in-noise understanding pose a significant problem for older adults. Despite the vast number of studies conducted to investigate the neural mechanisms responsible for these communication difficulties, the role of central auditory deficits, beyond peripheral hearing loss, remains unclear. The current study builds upon our previous work that investigated the effect of aging on normal-hearing individuals and aims to estimate the effect of peripheral hearing loss on the representation of speech in noise in two critical regions of the aging auditory pathway: the midbrain and cortex. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213899PLOS

Frequency-specific activation of the peripheral auditory system using optoacoustic laser stimulation.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 12;9(1):4171. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Saarland University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Kirrbergerstr. 100, 66421, Homburg, Germany.

Hearing impairment is one of the most common sensory deficits in humans. Hearing aids are helpful to patients but can have poor sound quality or transmission due to insufficient output or acoustic feedback, such as for high frequencies. Implantable devices partially overcome these issues but require surgery with limited locations for device attachment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40860-8DOI Listing

Swallowing with Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) in Individuals with Muscular Dystrophy: A Qualitative Analysis.

Dysphagia 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

The purpose of the study is to describe experiences of swallowing with two forms of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV): mouthpiece NPPV (M-NPPV) and nasal bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) in people with muscular dystrophy. Ten men (ages 22-42 years; M = 29.3; SD = 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-019-09997-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may contribute to noise-induced hearing loss susceptibility: a meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Nanjing Zhongyangmen Community Health Service Center, Kang'ai Hospital, Center of Diagnosis and Treatment for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Instruction: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Standard Audiograms for Koreans Derived through Hierarchical Clustering Using Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2012.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 6;9(1):3675. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Assessments of standardized region/population-specific audiological characteristics are needed for provision of effective rehabilitative services through reducing costs associated with hearing aids. This study aims to propose a set of standard audiograms representing the Korean population that were derived by analyzing data from the 2009-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a nationwide epidemiologic study conducted by Korean government organizations. Standard audiograms were derived by applying a hierarchical clustering method from recorded audiologic data that were obtained independently at 6 frequencies for each ear: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40300-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6403394PMC

A Vibro-Acoustic Hybrid Implantable Microphone for Middle Ear Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Mar 5;19(5). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Institute of Biomedical Engineering Research, Kyungpook National University, 680, Gukchaebosang-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu 41944, Korea.

To develop totally implantable middle ear and cochlear implants, a miniature microphone that is surgically easy to implant and has a high sensitivity in a sufficient range of audio frequencies is needed. Of the various implantable acoustic sensors under development, only micro electro-mechanical system-type acoustic sensors, which attach to the umbo of the tympanic membrane, meet these requirements. We describe a new vibro-acoustic hybrid implantable microphone (VAHIM) that combines acceleration and sound pressure sensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19051117DOI Listing

Implantable Auditory Devices: Bridging the Gap Between Conventional Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):xv-xvi

ENT and Allergy Associates, LLP, 18 East 48th Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10017, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Bridging the Sizeable Gap Between Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):xiii-xiv

ENT and Allergy Associates, LLP, 18 East 48th Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10017, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.019DOI Listing

Implantable Auditory Devices: Financial Considerations and Office-Based Implantation.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):357-361

Research for the Ear Research Foundation, Silverstein Institute, 1901 Floyd Street, Sarasota, FL 34239, USA.

Hearing rehabilitation has been recognized as a crucial tool to maintain communicative and social skills. The availability of hearing aids and auditory implants ought not be limited to the wealthy and to those who can afford them. Multidisciplinary efforts in reducing costs are necessary and include reduction of the item costs, insurance coverage, and the ability to perform certain procedures in an office setting, eliminating hospital and facilities fees and anesthesia bills. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00306665183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.012DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Special Populations in Implantable Auditory Devices: Pediatric.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):323-330

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine, 111 Michigan Avenue Northwest, Washington, DC 20010, USA. Electronic address:

"Hearing loss in the pediatric population can have significant social and developmental implications. Early auditory rehabilitation by at least 6 months of age is imperative. Although traditional hearing aids are often a first-line treatment option, there is a wide array of implantable auditory devices available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.015DOI Listing

Ossicle Coupling Active Implantable Auditory Devices: Magnetic Driven System.

Authors:
C Y Joseph Chang

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):273-283

Texas Ear Center, 7900 Fannin, Suite 1800, Houston, TX 77054, USA; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas McGovern Medical School, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Active auditory implants, such as the Maxum, provide significantly improved hearing function compared to hearing aids in patients with moderate to severe hearing loss who are not reaching their cochlear hearing potential. The speech perception gap (SPG), defined as PB Max (phonetically balanced maximum) minus word recognition score with hearing aid, is a useful measure of inadequate hearing aid performance. The Maxum middle ear implant provides significantly improved performance over hearing aids in patients with significant SPG because of superior high frequency gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.014DOI Listing

Medical and Audiological Indications for Implantable Auditory Devices.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr;52(2):195-210

Department of Otolaryngology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Hearing and Speech Center, Northwell Health, 430 Lakeville Road, New Hyde Park, NY 11042, USA.

Implantable auditory devices (IADs) are a viable hearing restoration option for patients with hearing loss. Conditions such as chronic otitis externa, congenital aural atresia, and chronic otitis media can be treated with a variety of implants. Progressive disease are also amenable to restoration with IADs, providing stabilized hearing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Challenges to PrEP use and perceptions of urine tenofovir adherence monitoring reported by individuals on PrEP.

AIDS Care 2019 Mar 1:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Philadelphia FIGHT , Philadelphia , PA , USA.

Maximizing the impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) requires optimizing access and adherence for those at risk of contracting HIV. This study examined challenges to the processes of accessing and adhering to PrEP encountered by participants from a large, U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1587369DOI Listing

Expanding unilateral cochlear implantation criteria for adults with bilateral acquired severe sensorineural hearing loss.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To report on a retrospective cohort study on the effects of expanding inclusion criteria for application of cochlear implants (CIs) on the performance 1-year post-implantation.

Methods: Based on pre-implantation audiometric thresholds and aided speech recognition scores, the data of 164 CI recipients were divided into a group of patients that fulfilled conservative criteria (mean hearing loss at 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz > 85 dB HL and phoneme scores with hearing aids < 30%), and the remaining group of patients that felt outside this conservative criterion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05358-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Cued Speech Enhances Speech-in-Noise Perception.

J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

GIPSA-lab, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP.

Speech perception in noise remains challenging for Deaf/Hard of Hearing people (D/HH), even fitted with hearing aids or cochlear implants. The perception of sentences in noise by 20 implanted or aided D/HH subjects mastering Cued Speech (CS), a system of hand gestures complementing lip movements, was compared with the perception of 15 typically hearing (TH) controls in three conditions: audio only, audiovisual, and audiovisual + CS. Similar audiovisual scores were obtained for signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) 11 dB higher in D/HH participants compared with TH ones. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jdsde/advance-article/doi/10.1093/d
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enz003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The speech perception gap in cochlear implant patients.

Cochlear Implants Int 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

b Center for Neurosciences, Ear and Hearing , Tucson , AZ , USA.

Objective: To determine how commonly word recognition scores obtained using insert microphones (PB max) overestimate word recognition scores obtained through appropriately fit hearing aids (A-WRS).

Methods: Aided speech recognition tests may not be performed during routine hearing aid fittings; however, they are regularly performed for cochlear implant (CI) candidacy evaluation. Therefore, audiologic data from CI recipients were queried in a retrospective cohort study at a tertiary care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14670100.2019.1582165DOI Listing
February 2019

Discrimination of Gain Increments in Speech-Shaped Noises.

Trends Hear 2019 Jan-Dec;23:2331216518820220

1 Hearing Sciences-Scottish Section, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Nottingham, Glasgow, UK.

Frequency-dependent gain adjustments are routine in hearing-aid fittings, whether in matching to real-ear targets or fine-tuning to patient feedback. Patient feedback may be unreliable and fittings inefficient if adjustments are not discriminable. To examine what gain adjustments are discriminable, we measured the just-noticeable differences (JNDs) for level increments in speech-shaped noises processed with prescription gains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2331216518820220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351966PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Frequency Transposition and Frequency Compression for People With Extensive Dead Regions in the Cochlea.

Trends Hear 2019 Jan-Dec;23:2331216518822206

1 Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK.

The objective was to determine the effects of two frequency-lowering algorithms (frequency transposition, FT, and frequency compression, FC) on audibility, speech identification, and subjective benefit, for people with high-frequency hearing loss and extensive dead regions (DRs) in the cochlea. A single-blind randomized crossover design was used. FT and FC were compared with each other and with a control condition (denoted 'Control') without frequency lowering, using hearing aids that were otherwise identical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2331216518822206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330725PMC
February 2019

Annual hearing screening in girls with Turner Syndrome: Results from the first three years in Glasgow.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 15;120:152-156. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Endocrinology, Royal Hospital for Children, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow, Scotland, G51 4TF, United Kingdom.

Background: Hearing loss is prevalent in girls with Turner Syndrome (TS). A number of cross-sectional studies have confirmed that conductive hearing loss due to middle ear disease and permanent, progressive sensorineural hearing loss are both very common and often unrecognised in TS. Hearing screening has been suggested by many authors and is recommended in some recent national audiology guidelines (every 3-5 years in an international consensus statement, every 1-2 years in the USA and every year in the UK). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.025DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

EEG can predict speech intelligibility.

J Neural Eng 2019 Feb 18;16(3):036008. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Biomedical Engineering, City College of New York, New York City, NY, United States of America.

Objective: Speech signals have a remarkable ability to entrain brain activity to the rapid fluctuations of speech sounds. For instance, one can readily measure a correlation of the sound amplitude with the evoked responses of the electroencephalogram (EEG), and the strength of this correlation is indicative of whether the listener is attending to the speech. In this study we asked whether this stimulus-response correlation is also predictive of speech intelligibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ab07feDOI Listing
February 2019

Receptive and productive speech and language abilities in hearing-impaired children with German as a second language.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 6;120:100-107. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

University of Applied Sciences, Alter Teichweg 19, 22081, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Many studies examining early bilingualism in migrant populations focus on the development of the first language. As language acquisition is closely related to the hearing development, there is a critical need to investigate language development in hearing-impaired children being raised bilingually who were fitted with cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Therefore, this research project aimed to study the linguistic development of hearing-impaired children being raised with German as a second language who were provided with hearing aids or cochlear implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Hearing interventions to prevent dementia.

Authors:
P Dawes

HNO 2019 Mar;67(3):165-171

Manchester Centre for Audiology and Deafness (ManCAD), School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biological, Medical and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, M13 9PL, Manchester, UK.

Hearing loss is a marker of risk for cognitive decline and dementia. Controlled hearing intervention studies of long-term cognitive outcomes are challenging, and thus the evidence for the impact of hearing interventions is primarily from observational studies and will likely continue to be from studies other than randomised controlled trials. Seven studies of hearing interventions with cognitive outcomes assessed over longer than 3 years are reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0617-7DOI Listing

Cochlear implantation as a treatment for single-sided deafness and asymmetric hearing loss: a randomized controlled evaluation of cost-utility.

BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord 2019 4;19. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

1Service d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie, d'Oto-Neurologie et d'ORL Pédiatrique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, Place du Dr Baylac, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

Background: Single-sided deafness (SSD) and asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) have recently been proposed as a new indication for cochlear implantation. There is still no recommended treatment for these hearing deficits, and most options considered rely on the transfer of sound from the poor ear to the better ear, using Contralateral Routing of the Signal (CROS) hearing aids or bone conduction (BC) devices. In contrast, cochlear implantation allows the poor ear to be stimulated and binaural hearing abilities to be partially restored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12901-019-0066-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362575PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Auditory Neuropathy: Bridging the Gap Between Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Apr 12;52(2):349-355. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The Otology Group of Vanderbilt, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 7209 Medical Center East, South Tower 1215 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-8605, USA. Electronic address:

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder associated with altered neural synchrony with respect to auditory stimuli. Patients have characteristic auditory findings including normal otoacoustic emissions in the setting of abnormal auditory brainstem response. Patients with ANSD have a high incidence of comorbid developmental delay that may impact speech outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.11.016DOI Listing

Auditory Evoked Responses in Older Adults With Normal Hearing, Untreated, and Treated Age-Related Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Washington, USA.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to identify the effects of auditory deprivation (age-related hearing loss) and auditory stimulation (history of hearing aid use) on the neural registration of sound across two stimulus presentation conditions: (1) equal sound pressure level and (2) equal sensation level.

Design: We used a between-groups design, involving three groups of 14 older adults (n = 42; 62 to 84 years): (1) clinically defined normal hearing (≤25 dB from 250 to 8000 Hz, bilaterally), (2) bilateral mild-moderate/moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss who have never used hearing aids, and (3) bilateral mild-moderate/moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss who have worn bilateral hearing aids for at least the past 2 years.

Results: There were significant delays in the auditory P1-N1-P2 complex in older adults with hearing loss compared with their normal hearing peers when using equal sound pressure levels for all participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000698DOI Listing
February 2019

Hearing impairment and cognitive decline in older, community-dwelling adults.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

Background: Hearing impairment is prevalent among older adults and has been identified as a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia. We evaluated the association of hearing impairment with long-term cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: A population-based longitudinal study of adults not using hearing aids who had hearing acuity and cognitive function assessed in 1992-96, and were followed for a maximum of 24 years with up to five additional cognitive assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glz035DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The prevalence of hearing loss and use of hearing aids among adults in Germany: a systematic review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Institute for Evidence in Medicine (for Cochrane Germany Foundation), Faculty of Medicine, University Teaching Hospital, Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Worldwide approximately 360 million people suffer from hearing impairment, 328 million of whom are adults. Up to now there has been no systematic evaluation of any representative epidemiological data on the prevalence of hearing loss among adults in Germany. The present paper is intended to investigate this within the framework of a systematic review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05312-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Sensory Loss in China: Prevalence, Use of Aids, and Impacts on Social Participation.

Front Public Health 2019 24;7. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, Research School of Population Health, College of Health and Medicine, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

The number of older adults with vision and/or hearing loss is growing world-wide, including in China, whose population is aging rapidly. Sensory loss impacts on older people's ability to participate in their communities and their quality of life. This study investigates the prevalence of vision loss, hearing loss, and dual sensory loss (combined vision and hearing loss) in an older adult Chinese population and describes the relationships between these sensory losses and demographic factors, use of glasses and hearing aids, unmet needs, and impacts on social participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353845PMC
January 2019

Evidence-Based Interventions for Adult Aural Rehabilitation: That Was Then, This Is Now.

Semin Hear 2019 Feb 5;40(1):68-84. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

More than a decade after Arthur Boothroyd published "Adult Aural Rehabilitation: What Is It and Does It Work?," the four cornerstones of adult aural rehabilitation are re-examined in terms of research that we and others in the field have undertaken. The focus is on novel advances in high-quality research relating to interventions to support self-management for hearing aids and other listening devices (sensory management), knowledge and skill (instruction), auditory and cognitive training (perceptual training), and motivational engagement (counseling). Much of this new research has a theoretical underpinning (e. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1676784
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676784DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363556PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Development and Formative Assessment of the Hearing Loss Toolkit for Self-Management.

Semin Hear 2019 Feb 5;40(1):49-67. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, Sarasota, Florida.

Hearing aids are a demonstrated efficacious intervention for age-related hearing loss, and research suggests that good hearing loss self-management skills improve amplification satisfaction and outcomes. One way to foster self-management skills is through the provision of patient education materials. However, many of the available resources related to the management of hearing loss do not account for health literacy and are not suitable for use with adults from varying health literacy backgrounds. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1676783
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676783DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363551PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Pilot Comparison of Adjustment Protocols of Personal Sound Amplification Products.

Semin Hear 2019 Feb 5;40(1):26-36. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Audiology, Speech-Language Pathology and Deaf Studies, Towson University, Towson, Maryland.

The Over-the-Counter Hearing Aid Act of 2017 was signed into law in August 2017 and facilitates the introduction of direct-to-consumer sales of hearing aids for adults with mild-to-moderate hearing loss. Among many questions surrounding over-the-counter sales is the ability of users to self-fit amplification. Many studies have conducted self-fitting procedures using guidance materials provided by audiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676781DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363538PMC
February 2019
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Cartilage conduction as the third pathway for sound transmission.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2019 Apr 2;46(2):151-159. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.

It has been long considered that air and bone are the two major mediators that conduct sounds to the inner ear. In 2004, Hosoi found that vibration of aural cartilage, generated by placing gently a transducer on it, could create audible sound with the same level of clarity as air- and bone-conduction sound. He thus proposed the term "cartilage conduction" for this concept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Schooling Effects on Early Literacy Skills of Young Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children.

Am Ann Deaf 2019 ;163(5):596-618

Already well documented for hearing children, schooling's effects on early literacy skills for young students who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) were examined for the first time in the present study. Piecewise growth curve modeling was used to describe 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old students' growth in phonological awareness, letter-word identification, and vocabulary during 2 years of schooling and the intervening summer (N = 56). Amplification mode was cochlear implants for 45% of the sample and hearing aids for 54%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/aad.2019.0005DOI Listing
January 2019
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Conversational speech levels and signal-to-noise ratios in realistic acoustic conditions.

J Acoust Soc Am 2019 Jan;145(1):349

Department of Linguistics-Audiology Section, Macquarie University, Australian Hearing Hub-Level 3, 16 University Avenue, New South Wales 2109, Australia.

Estimating the basic acoustic parameters of conversational speech in noisy real-world conditions has been an elusive task in hearing research. Nevertheless, these data are essential ingredients for speech intelligibility tests and fitting rules for hearing aids. Previous surveys did not provide clear methodology for their acoustic measurements and setups, were opaque about their samples, or did not control for distance between the talker and listener, even though people are known to adapt their distance in noisy conversations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.5087567DOI Listing
January 2019

Longitudinal study of hearing loss and subjective cognitive function decline in men.

Alzheimers Dement 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: We examined the relation between self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and risk of subjective cognitive function (SCF) decline.

Methods: We conducted an 8-year (2008-2016) longitudinal study of 10,107 men aged ≥62 years who reported their hearing status in 2006 and had no subjective cognitive concerns in 2008. Change in SCF scores was assessed by a 6-item questionnaire, and subjective decline was defined as new report of at least one SCF concern during follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Modified-Power-Piston: Short-Incudial-Process-Vibroplasty and Simultaneous Stapedotomy in Otosclerosis.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Mar;40(3):292-300

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels.

Objective: If mixed-hearing-loss (MHL) occurs in otosclerosis, hearing-aids (HA) in addition to conventional-stapedotomy (SDT) may be necessary. If otosclerosis progresses or technical or medical problems prevent use of HA, combining active-middle-ear-implants (AMEI) with SDT ("power-piston") may be considered. Previously, AMEI-coupling to the long-incudial-process was suggested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002146DOI Listing

[Tinnitus: psychosomatic aspects].

HNO 2019 Feb;67(2):137-152

Tinnituszentrum, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Karlplatz 7, 10117, Berlin, Deutschland.

Tinnitus is a common symptom of unclear origin that can be multifactorially caused and maintained. It is frequently, but not inevitably, associated with hearing loss. Emotional distress and maladaptive coping strategies - that are associated with or amplified by the tinnitus percept - pose key targets for psychological interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0609-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Beyond motivation: identifying targets for intervention to increase hearing aid use in adults.

Int J Audiol 2019 Jan;58(1):53-58

b NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre , Manchester University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre , Manchester , UK.

Objective: The present study investigated: (a) how motivated patients are to use their hearing aid, and (b) whether post-motivational variables (e.g. action planning, coping planning) have anything to offer in terms of developing interventions to boost hearing aid use. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14992027.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2018.1534007DOI Listing
January 2019
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Application of Implantable Hearing Aids and Bone Conduction Implant System in patients with bilateral congenital deformation of the external and middle ear.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 5;119:89-95. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Departments of a Otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Institute of Hearing and Speech-Language Science, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Department of Hearing and Speech Science, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the efficacy of the application of the Implantable Hearing Aids and Bone Conduction Implant System in patients with bilateral congenital deformation of the external and middle ear.

Methods: twenty patients with bilateral congenital malformation of the external and middle ear were included in the study. Implantable Hearing Aids implantation was performed in ten patients, and Bone Conduction Implant System implantation was performed in ten patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.12.025DOI Listing

Cochlear implantation outcome in straightforward cases: can we do more for adults who cannot understand speech using hearing aids alone?

Acta Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 28;138(12):1070-1079. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

a The Ear and Hearing program, Department of Otolaryngology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center , Haifa , Israel.

Background: Many adults with moderate-profound hearing loss whose speech recognition has deteriorated and are no longer benefitting from hearing aids (HAs) could benefit from cochlear implantation (CI). Of these, only <5% are implanted. In order to inform eligible patients about expected results and ease the route to implantation, better guidelines for candidate selection are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1516298DOI Listing
December 2018
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