749,321 results match your criteria Healthy Aging & Clinical Care in the Elderly [Journal]
Environ Int 2018 Dec 12;123:301-309. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental health (incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China; Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China. Electronic address:
Background: Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) are increasingly used as alternatives to endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA). Evidence from in vitro and animal studies demonstrates that BPA, BPF and BPS induce oxidative stress, a proposed mechanism that is relevant to various adverse health effects. Evaluation in humans is hampered by the potentially high within-subject variability of urinary measurements. Read More
Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 6;81:111-118. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
National School of Public Health/Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Department of Epidemiology and Quantitative Methods, Rua Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480/room 817b, Manguinhos, 21041-210 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:
Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of frailty, according to Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) and CHS index, to investigate the correlation between both instruments and to identify the factors associated with this condition in older users of primary health care.
Methods: This is a sectional study with 302 individuals aged 60 years or more of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil. Sociodemographic, health, functional dependence and lifestyle variables were collected. Read More
Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Nov 30;28:44-49. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Molecular Cell biology and Immunology, MS Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam UMC - location VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) lacks reliable biomarkers that reflect disease activity. Recent evidence suggests that an altered sphingolipid metabolism is associated with MS pathogenesis.
Objective: To explore acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity and altered sphingolipid metabolism as potential biomarkers in serum of MS patients, to predict active and progressive disease, and response to disease modifying therapy (DMT). Read More
Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Dec 5;28:34-43. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Neuroimmunological Diseases Section (NDS), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 5N248, 10 Center Drive, MSC1444, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Once multiple sclerosis (MS) reaches the progressive stage, immunomodulatory treatments have limited efficacy. This suggests that processes other than activation of innate immunity may at least partially underlie disability progression during late stages of MS. Pathology identified these alternative processes as aberrant activation of astrocytes and microglia, and subsequent degeneration of oligodendrocytes and neurons. Read More
Neurobiol Aging 2018 Nov 16;75:71-82. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Dementia Care & Research Center, Peking University Institute of Mental Health (Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China; Beijing Key Laboratory for Translational Research on Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia, Beijing, China; National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China. Electronic address:
Studies have demonstrated that the clinical manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with abnormal connections in either functional connectivity networks (FCNs) or structural connectivity networks (SCNs). However, the FCN and SCN of AD have usually been examined separately, and the results were inconsistent. In this multimodal study, we collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging data from 46 patients with AD and 39 matched healthy controls (HCs). Read More
Hum Mov Sci 2018 Dec 12;63:148-155. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Neuromuscular Biomechanics, School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:
Introduction: The present study investigated the effect of stretchable characteristics of elastic therapeutic tape and its elongation on surface electromyography (EMG) of knee extensor muscles during knee extension movements.
Methods: Nine healthy men performed knee extension movement with the application of normal elastic tape or highly stretchable tape and without the tapes (control). Tapes were applied on the anterior thigh to cross the knee joint with no elongation and elongation of 50 and 75% of the maximum stretchability. Read More
Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 19;28:92-101. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
University of California, San Francisco, United States. Electronic address:
Both theoretical and empirical work support the notion that meditation training can improve telomere regulation, which may ultimately contribute to healthy aging. Yet, the psychological and biological mechanisms underlying these changes remain underspecified, as do the contexts and boundary conditions in which these changes occur. Here we summarize studies investigating the effects of various meditation-based interventions on telomere biology, making suggestions for future research. Read More
Neurobiol Learn Mem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Neuroscience, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
Associative memory plays a key role in everyday functioning, but it declines with normal aging as well as due to various pathological states and conditions, thus impairing quality of life. Associative memory enhancement via neurostimulation over frontal areas resulted in limited success, while posterior stimulation sites seemed to be more promising. We hypothesized that anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of parietal areas would lead to higher performance in associative memory due to high connectivity between posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and hippocampus. Read More
Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Physiotherapist, Manipal, 576104 Karnataka, India. Electronic address:
Background: Insulin resistance is a determining factor in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Exercise is known to improve insulin resistance, but a systematic review of the literature is lacking.
Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis focused on identifying evidence for the effectiveness of a structured exercise intervention program for insulin resistance in T2DM. Read More
Cell Signal 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, PR China.
Preeclampsia (PE), a pregnancy-specific disorder, is a leading cause of perinatal maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Impaired migration and invasion of trophoblastic cells and an imbalanced systemic maternal inflammatory response have been proposed as possible causes of pathogenesis of PE. Comparative analysis of PE-affected placentas and healthy placentas has uncovered differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs, microRNAs, and mRNAs. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Social Cognitive Neuroscience, IDOCAL, Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.
The impact of sex and the menstrual cycle phase on the autonomic response to psychosocial stress remains controversial. This study explored autonomic nervous system activity through salivary alpha-amylase, heart rate, and heart rate variability responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in healthy young people. The sample was composed of 25 men, 26 women in the luteal phase, and 25 women in the follicular phase, from 18 to 25 years of age. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
The Brain and Muscle Energy Group, Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Department of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, NO-0316, Oslo, Norway; Synaptic Neurochemistry and Amino Acid Transporters Labs, Division of Anatomy, Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IMB) and Healthy Brain Ageing Centre (SERTA), University of Oslo, NO-0317, Oslo, Norway; Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
Glutamatergic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) carry the bulk of excitatory synaptic transmission. Their modulation plays key roles in synaptic plasticity, which underlies hippocampal learning and memory. A dysfunctional glutamatergic system may negatively affect learning abilities and underlie symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Read More
Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Graduate School of Core Ethics and Frontier Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Japan. Electronic address:
Transcranial static magnetic stimulation (tSMS) is a recently introduced noninvasive brain stimulation technique that can modulate brain excitability. Here, we investigated a hypothesis that motor learning would be altered by tSMS applied to the primary motor cortex (M1). For motor task, we chose a serial reaction time task consisting of sequential trials and random trials in which the visual cue doesn't play out a repeating pattern of positions to evaluate an implicit motor learning, where the M1 is a key structure for skill acquisition and early consolidation. Read More
Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of Massachusetts Memorial Health Care.
Objective: To describe the presentation of a rare isolated ureteropelvic junction injury resulting from a mechanical fall on ice.
Materials And Methods: A 71-year-old previously healthy man presented to the emergency department at the University of Massachusetts Medical School three hours following falling on ice with complaints of gross hematuria and flank pain. Patient records were accessed via the institution's electronic medical records system between March 22, 2018 and April 22, 2018. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, 52074, Aachen, Germany; JARA Institute Brain Structure Function Relationship Institute for Neuroscience and Medicine (INM 10), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany.
Current models of aggression suggest that in addition to personality traits and environmental factors, biological vulnerability associated with genetics substantially impacts aggressive behavior. In a functional imaging study, we investigated the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphism of the mu 1 subtype opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), implicated in sociability, on correlates of trait and state aggression to delineate the function of these influences in aggression. A key aim was further to differentiate different aspects of aggressive reactions - namely, the reaction to provocation and the decision to punish an opponent. Read More
Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Université de Moncton, 18 Antonine-Maillet Avenue, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1A 3E9, Canada. Electronic address:
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with the progressive death of motor neurons. Mean survival for a patient diagnosed with ALS is between 2 to 5 years. Early and efficient diagnosis of the various forms of ALS remains a significant challenge, resulting in a need to identify clinically-relevant biomarkers in readily accessible body fluids. Read More
Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Dec 15;148:w14689. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Graz, Austria / Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
Aims Of The Study: Allostatic load (AL), as a marker of cumulative stress, is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, and reduced health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in healthy adults. In patients with hypertension, AL and its association with HrQoL have not been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to (1) explore AL in a cohort of hypertensive patients and to (2) determine its association with HrQoL, while controlling for other health-related variables. Read More
Arthritis Rheumatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Division of Rheumatology, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate expression of type I interferon (IFNα/β)- and type II IFN (IFNγ)-inducible genes in muscle biopsies of JDM patients and to correlate their expression levels with histological and clinical features.
Methods: Expression levels of IFN-inducible genes and pro-inflammatory cytokines were assessed by quantitative PCR in muscle biopsies of JDM patients (n = 39), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients (n = 24) and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 4). Histological and immunofluorescence studies were performed on muscle biopsy sections. Read More
Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
NSERM U1035, BMGIC, Immuno-dermatology ATIP-AVENIR, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of several autoantibodies, some of which are directed against melanocyte components and have been shown to be associated with the progression of the disease. However, the mechanism involved in the production of autoantibodies remains unclear. Follicular helper CD4 T cells (TFH) are specialized in B cell activation and antibody production, especially the TFH cell subsets type 2 and type 17. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Neurology, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, China.
Ischemic stroke is a refractory disease caused by cerebral ischemic injury, which results in brain dysfunction. This study intends to investigate the effects of microRNA-212 (miR-212) on the recovery function and vascular regeneration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) by inactivation of the Notch signaling pathway by binding to matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9) in mice with ischemic stroke. According to the results of database retrieval systems and data analysis, MMP9 was predicted as a gene related to ischemic stroke and miR-212 is a potential regulating mRNA of MMP9. Read More
Immunology 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and the London, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
Healthy white adipose tissue (WAT) participates in regulating systemic metabolism, whilst dysfunctional WAT plays a prominent role in the development of obesity-associated comorbidities. Tissue resident immune cells are important for maintaining WAT homeostasis, including conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) which are critical in the initiation and regulation of adaptive immune responses. Due to phenotypic overlap with other myeloid cells, the distinct contribution of WAT cDCs has been poorly understood. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Special Dental Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Background: Chewing ability is often compromised in patients with oral cancer. The aim of this study was to identify which factors affect masticatory performance in these patients.
Methods: Patients with primary oral cancer were assessed for up to 5 years after primary treatment. Read More
Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich at the University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.
Aim: Pharmacologic administration of insulin as nasal spray in humans has demonstrated a modulation of endogenous glucose production via the brain when systemic insulin levels are high. Results are conflicting under fasting insulin concentrations. To evaluate effects of brain insulin on endogenous glucose production in fasting humans with focus on hepatic glucose release, we performed a randomized, placebo controlled, blinded, cross-over experiment. Read More
Acta Psychiatr Scand 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
Objective: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar II disorder (BIP-II) is disputed but understudied. Here, we investigated brain glucose metabolism in these patient groups and healthy control subjects (HCs).
Methods: Sixty-five subjects, 22 BPD (19 females); 22 BIP-II (17 females); 21 HC (14 females) were examined using 2-deoxy-2[18F]-fluoro-d-glucose Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) scanning. Read More
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
The aim of the study was to investigate nutritional, physiological and immunological effects of a plant-derived blend of isoquinoline alkaloids (Sangrovit® Extra) in healthy dogs. Two groups of healthy, adult beagles (N = 10) were tested in a cross-over experiment, lasting two consecutive three-week periods. The experimental group received 1. Read More
J Med Virol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China.
During the natural history of chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB) the function of B cells is still obscure. Several limited studies have suggested that B cells are highly active in CHB patients. In present work, we reported that the 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL) expression on B cells was significantly higher in CHB patients than that in healthy subjects, meanwhile the CHB patients had higher serological IgG levels. Read More
Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Laboratory of Investigation in Medicine, LIM-56, Department of Dermatology, Tropical Medicine Institute of São Paulo, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.
Background: Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory skin disease with unknown aetiology. Activation by pathogen-associated molecular patterns or environmental stimuli may activate some components of inflammasomes that contribute to the inflammatory process in LP lesions.
Aim: To characterize the inflammasomes in skin lesions and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with LP under Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation. Read More
Neurotox Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Increased gut permeability (leaky gut) with increased translocation of Gram-negative bacteria plays a role in the gut-brain axis through effects on systemic immune-inflammatory processes. Deficit schizophrenia is characterized by an immune-inflammatory response combined with a deficit in natural IgM antibodies to oxidative-specific epitopes (OSEs), which are a first-line defense against bacterial infections. This study measured plasma IgA/IgM responses to 5 Gram-negative bacteria in association with IgM responses to malondialdehyde (MDA) and azelaic acid in 80 schizophrenia patients (40 with the deficit syndrome and 40 without) and in 38 healthy controls. Read More
Immunol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
FGBU "St. Petersburg Scientific Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology" of the Ministry of Health of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Clinical and radiological features of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis are quite overlapping, and therefore, a diagnostic dilemma often persists. There are no commonly accepted criteria for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis due to the lack of data on the etiology of the disease. The exclusion of tuberculosis in every patient with suspected sarcoidosis is a mandatory stage of diagnosis, especially in countries with a high burden of tuberculosis. Read More
Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Cancer Genetics, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Oncology Institute, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have major roles in nearly all cellular process including gene expression, and may behave as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene by binding to complementary sequences in the target mRNA. The circulating microRNA-15a (miRNA-15a) and microRNA-16-1 (miRNA-16-1) of 15 healthy adults and of 40 untreated patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBC) were recruited to investigate the expression levels. The expression levels of miRNA-15a, and miRNA-16-1 genes of the untreated DLBCL patients, and healthy individuals with matched age, sex and ethnicity were examined. Read More
Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
Homeostasis imbalance of selenium (Se) in diabetes has received great attention. This study investigated serum and urinary Se levels in patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 1 diabetes (T1D), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Northeast Chinese populations. From January 2010 to October 2011, patients with IFG (n = 12), IGT (n = 15), T1D (n = 25), T2D (n = 137), and healthy controls (n = 50) were enrolled in the First Hospital of Jilin University. Read More
Cell Biochem Biophys 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Radiology and Medicine, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, 1 Medical Center Drive, 601 Rubin Building, Lebanon, NH, 03756, USA.
The synthesis and antiproliferative effect of a novel curcumin analog, 4,4'-disulfonyldiarylidenyl piperidone, are reported. The design of the molecule is based on the fusion of an antiproliferative segment, namely diarylidenyl piperidone (DAP), with N-hyroxypyrroline, which is known to metabolically convert to nitroxide and protect healthy cells. Cellular uptake, metabolic conversion, cytotoxicity and antiproliferative effect of the DAP derivative against HCT-116 human colon cancer cells have been determined. Read More
Transgenic Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Korea.
Herein, we successfully generated transgenic pigs expressing both soluble human tumor necrosis factor receptor I IgG-Fc (shTNFRI-Fc) and human hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged-human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) without Gal epitope. Healthy cloned pigs were produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) using the genetically modified cells. The genetic disruption of the GGTA1 genes and absence of expression of BS-IB4 lectin in tail-derived fibroblast of the SCNT-generated piglets were successfully confirmed. Read More
Eur J Nutr 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Applied Physiology and Nutrition Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, Rheumatology Division, Faculty of Medicine FMUSP, University of São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455-Cerqueira César, São Paulo, SP, CEP 01246-903, Brazil.
Purpose: To investigate the effects of chronic beta-alanine (BA) supplementation on muscle taurine content, blood clinical markers and sensory side-effects.
Methods: Twenty-five healthy male participants (age 27 ± 4 years, height 1.75 ± 0. Read More
Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Symbiosis Center for Medical Image Analysis and Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Symbiosis International University, Lavale, Mulshi, Pune, Maharashtra, 412115, India.
Objectives: To investigate the structural connectivity of the motor subnetwork in multiple system atrophy with cerebellar features (MSA-C), a distinct subtype of MSA, characterized by predominant cerebellar symptoms.
Methods: Twenty-three patients with MSA-C and 25 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited for the study. Disease severity was quantified using the Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS). Read More
Hypertens Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
Excessive left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) increase results in inefficient LV work with high energy waste and a negative prognostic effect. We aimed to investigate the presence of inappropriate LVM and to calculate the myocardial mechanoenergetic efficiency index (MEEi) in asymptomatic women with a history of early-onset (EO) or late-onset (LO) pre-eclampsia (PE). Among all women diagnosed with PE in the years 2009-2013, after applying inclusion/exclusion criteria and cost-effectiveness analysis, we randomly selected thirty women who experienced EO-PE, thirty with a previous LO-PE and thirty healthy controls to undergo echocardiography from 6 months to 4 years after delivery. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17880. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Texas at Austin, Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.
Cell phone related pedestrian injuries are increasing, but the underlying causes remain unclear. Here, we studied how cell phone use directly affected obstacle avoidance ability. Thirty healthy adults participated. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17866. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Doheny Image Reading Center, Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
This study was performed to test the repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of peri-papillary capillaries from four optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) devices. 109 healthy eyes were imaged with four OCTA devices (Spectralis, Optovue, Triton and Cirrus). A 3 × 3 mm scan pattern centered on the disc was repeated twice by each device. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17867. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Bioengineering, Medicine & Radiology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
Despite the importance of pelvic floor muscles, significant controversy still exists about the true structural details of these muscles. We provide an objective analysis of the architecture and orientation of the superficial muscles of the perineum using a novel approach. Magnetic Resonance Diffusion Tensor Images (MR-DTI) were acquired in 10 healthy asymptomatic nulliparous women, and 4 healthy males. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17864. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Pediatric Endocrinology group, (Girona Biomedical Research Institute) IDIBGI, Girona, Spain.
Although alkaline phosphatase (ALP) correlates with cardiovascular risk in adults, there are no studies in children. We evaluated the association between serum ALP levels, calcium-phosphorus product (Ca*P) and cardiovascular risk markers in healthy children. Children aged 7. Read More
J Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Aug 9;69(4). Epub 2018 Dec 9.
First Department of Medicine, Hector Center for Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen, Germany.
Histamine intolerance represents a controversially discussed disorder. Besides an impaired degradation of orally supplied histamine due to diamine oxidase (DAO) deficiency, a deranged gut flora may also contribute to elevated histamine levels. Our aim was to determine the intestinal bacterial composition in patients with proven histamine intolerance in comparison to other food intolerances and healthy controls. Read More
Neurology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
From the Department of Neurology (F.S., C.T., M.D., A.Z.), German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (F.S., S.I., C.P., S.B., C.T., E.S., G.K., P.B., M.D., T.B., A.Z.), Graduate School of Systemic Neuroscience (S.I., M.D., T.B.), Department of Nuclear Medicine (P.B.), and Clinical Neurosciences (T.B.), Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich; and Munich Cluster of Systems Neurology (P.B., M.D.), SyNergy, Munich, Germany.
Objective: To investigate long-term recovery of allocentric and egocentric spatial orientation as a sensitive marker for hippocampal and extrahippocampal network function in transient global amnesia (TGA).
Methods: A group of 18 patients with TGA performed an established real-space navigation paradigm, requiring allo- and egocentric spatial orientation abilities, 3 days (postacute stage) and 3 months (follow-up) after symptom onset. Visual exploration behavior and navigation strategy were documented by a gaze-controlled, head-fixed camera. Read More
Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
The identification and characterization of the viruses of the genus in healthy and infected livestock, including cattle and goats, have been increasing. (EV-E) and (EV-F) are commonly found in cattle, whereas (EV-G) is found in goats. In this study, molecular and phylogenetic analyses were performed to determine the prevalence of EVs in cattle and goat feces from the Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Read More
J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Graduate Institute of Brain and Mind Sciences, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
Expectations substantially influence pain perception, but the relationship between positive and negative expectations remains unclear. Recent evidence indicates that the integration between pain-related expectations and prediction errors is crucial for pain perception, which suggests that aversive prediction error-associated regions, such as the anterior insular cortex (aIC) and rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC), may play a pivotal role in expectation-induced pain modulation and help to delineate the relationship between positive and negative expectations. In a stimulus expectancy paradigm combining fMRI in healthy volunteers of both sexes, we found that, although positive and negative expectations respectively engaged the right aIC and right rACC to modulate pain, their associated activations and pain rating changes were significantly correlated. Read More
J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
MRC Brain Network Dynamics Unit, Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TH, United Kingdom
Synchronized oscillations within and between brain areas facilitate normal processing, but are often amplified in disease. A prominent example is the abnormally sustained beta-frequency (∼20Hz) oscillations recorded from the cortex and subthalamic nucleus of Parkinson's disease patients. Computational modelling suggests that the amplitude of such oscillations could be modulated by applying stimulation at a specific phase. Read More
Clin Sci (Lond) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, 22 Zhongguancun South Avenue, Haidian District, Beijing, 100081, China
Objective: Ferritin, an iron-binding protein, is ubiquitous and highly conserved; it plays a crucial role in inflammation, which is the main symptom of periodontitis. Full-length cDNA library analyses have demonstrated abundant expression of ferritin in human periodontal ligament. The aims of this study were to explore how ferritin is regulated by local inflammation, and to investigate its functions and mechanisms of action in the process of periodontitis. Read More
Diabetes Care 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Radiology, Karolinska University Hospital, and Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of cerebral small-vessel disease (SVD) in subjects with type 1 diabetes compared with healthy control subjects and to characterize the diabetes-related factors associated with SVD.
Research Design And Methods: This substudy was cross-sectional in design and included 191 participants with type 1 diabetes and median age 40.0 years (interquartile range 33. Read More
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.
Pulmonary surfactant (PS) is a lipid-protein complex essential to stabilise the delicate structure of mammalian alveoli along with successive compression-expansion respiratory cycles. To do so, surfactant reduces dramatically surface tension at the air-liquid interface, an activity that depends critically on a proper lipid composition and the presence of some specific surfactant proteins. Lack or dysfunction of this system is associated with severe respiratory pathologies, which are in some cases treated by supplementation with exogenous surfactant materials. Read More
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 14;6(12):e201. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Consumer Health Informatics Special Interest Group, German Association for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Cologne, Germany.
Background: Despite the availability of a great variety of consumer-oriented wearable devices, perceived usefulness, user satisfaction, and privacy concerns have not been fully investigated in the field of wearable applications. It is not clear why healthy, active citizens equip themselves with wearable technology for running activities, and what privacy and data sharing features might influence their individual decisions.
Objective: The primary aim of the study was to shed light on motivational and privacy aspects of wearable technology used by healthy, active citizens. Read More