4,367,862 results match your criteria Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology American Psychological Association[Journal]


Blueberry juice protects osteocytes and bone precursor cells against oxidative stress partly through SIRT1.

FEBS Open Bio 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Biomedical Experimental and Clinical Sciences 'Mario Serio', University of Florence, Italy.

Oxidative stress and abnormal osteocyte apoptosis are often related to dysregulation of bone turnover and chronic bone loss, and so fruit and vegetables with high antioxidant potential may play an important role in the prevention and/or management of osteoporosis. Osteocytes are the main regulators of bone remodelling. For the first time, we demonstrate here that blueberry juice (BJ), obtained from Vaccinium myrtillus, rich in polyphenols, shows antioxidant and antiosteoclastogenic properties in MLO-Y4 osteocytes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2211-5463.12
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2211-5463.12634DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Changes in ventilation and perfusion following lower lobe Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction (ELVR) with endobronchial valves in COPD: A Preliminary Report.

Clin Respir J 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia.

Background: We have previously reported significant improvements in ventilation and perfusion (VQ) and V/Q matching in the contralateral lung, especially the non targeted lower zone in patients with severe COPD following upper lobe ELVR with endobronchial valves. However, V/Q changes after lower lobe ELVR have not been described.

Methods: 7 patients with lower lobe heterogeneous emphysema underwent unilateral lower lobe ELVR at Macquarie University Hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13031DOI Listing

MiR-204-5p: a novel candidate urinary biomarker of Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma.

Cancer Sci 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Molecular Genetics.

Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (Xp11 tRCC) is a rare sporadic pediatric kidney cancer caused by constitutively active TFE3 fusion proteins. Tumors in patients with Xp11 tRCC tend to recur and undergo frequent metastasis, in part due to lack of methods available to detect early stage disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.14026DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Burden of Neurodegenerative Diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2016: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study.

Eur J Neurol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Community Medicine, Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Purpose: The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is experiencing a demographic shift towards rapid ageing at a time of political unrest. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurodegenerative disorders, and its relationship with sociodemographic indicators (SDI) in the EMR countries from 1990 to 2016.

Methods: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 study, we calculated country-specific trends for prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), years of life lost (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) for Alzheimer's disease/other dementias and Parkinson's disease in the EMR during 1990-2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.13972DOI Listing

A Prediction Model of Sleep Disturbances Among Female Nurses by Using the BP-ANN.

J Nurs Manag 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Director of WHO Collaborating Center for Nursing Policy-Making and Quality Management.

Aim: To describe sleep disturbances and fatigue among female registered nurses (RNs) in Beijing, and to develop a prediction model for sleep disturbances.

Background: Chinese nurses are required to work rotating shifts on a weekly basis, which could negatively impact their sleep and well-being.

Method: A total of 647 RNs participated in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jonm.12782
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12782DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Influence of implant neck and abutment characteristics on peri-implant tissue health and stability. Oral Reconstruction Foundation Consensus Report.

Clin Oral Implants Res 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Section of Graduate Periodontology, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

The aim of this consensus meeting was to assess the influence of implant neck and abutment characteristics on peri-implant tissue health and stability. Group and plenary discussions were based on two systematic reviews focusing on the effect of titanium implants with different collar designs/ surface modifications and the abutment material on the stability of marginal bone levels (MBL's), peri-implant health, and survival rates. The changes in MBL's were not influenced by the abutment material and were also similar at one- and two-piece implants after one year of loading. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/clr.13439DOI Listing

Organic or conventional dairy farming in northern Spain: impacts on cow reproductive performance.

Reprod Domest Anim 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Departamento de Patoloxía Animal, Facultade de Veterinaria, 27002, Lugo, Spain.

Organic farming has traditionally given preference to indigenous breeds that are well adapted to local conditions; however, current trends towards increased yields may produce less robust animals with potentially low fertility. The Holstein-Friesian breed dominates dairy sector, although there is a general concern that these cows may not be well adapted to organic systems. This study aims to evaluate the reproductive performance of organic dairy herds in northern Spain, by comparing organically-reared Holstein-Friesian with their counterparts reared on conventional farms and also with other organically reared breeds and crosses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rda.13446DOI Listing

Novel Oral Lichen Planus Symptom Severity Measure for assessing patients' daily symptom experience.

Oral Dis 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

AFYX Therapeutics, formerly known as Dermtreat, 2300, Copenhagen S, Denmark.

Objective: A novel Oral Lichen Planus Symptom Severity Measure was developed as a clinical outcome assessment of the daily symptom experience of patients with oral lichen planus.

Methods: A literature review and expert input were followed by open-ended concept elicitation interviews with 17 adults with oral lichen planus in the US and Ireland. Item content was generated and the interviews continued until input saturation was reached. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13109DOI Listing

HIV Status Does Not Worsen Oral Health Outcomes.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh.

Last January 31 , Journal of Clinical Periodontology just made available the report titled "A Retrospective Analysis of Dental Implant Survival in HIV Patients", which concluded that "implants placed in HIV-positive patients had similar survival rates as HIV-negative patients." These data support our hypothesis that infection by HIV does not lead to worse oral health outcomes, including worse periodontitis. We looked 6,092 individuals and selected all HIV-positive subjects (N=73) and matched them by age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking habits with 261 HIV-negative control subjects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jcpe.13116
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Testosterone deficiency in men with Type 2 diabetes: pathophysiology and treatment.

Diabet Med 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Medicine Austin Health, University of Melbourne.

Epidemiological studies consistently demonstrate that lowered serum testosterone is not only common in men with established Type 2 diabetes, but also predicts future diabetic risks and increased mortality. Preclinical studies report plausible mechanisms by which low testosterone could mediate dysglycaemia. Exogenous testosterone treatment consistently reduces fat mass, increases muscle mass and improves insulin resistance in some studies, but the majority of currently available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) do not report a consistent glycaemic benefit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13977DOI Listing

The basophil-IL-4-mast cell axis is required for food allergy.

Allergy 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Laboratory for Allergic Disease, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13834DOI Listing

Influenza and pertussis vaccination of women during pregnancy in Victoria, 2015-2017.

Med J Aust 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Monash University, Melbourne, VIC.

Objectives: To assess variations by time of year and hospital in the uptake of influenza and pertussis vaccinations by pregnant women in Victoria; to identify factors associated with vaccination uptake.

Design, Setting: Retrospective analysis of data in the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection (VPDC), a population surveillance system for obstetric conditions, procedures, and pregnancy and birth outcomes.

Participants: Women whose pregnancies ended in a live or stillbirth during July 2015 - June 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.5694/mja2.50125
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50125DOI Listing

Parental punitive discipline and children's depressive symptoms: Associations with striatal volume.

Dev Psychobiol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Although parental harshness has been consistently linked with increased depressive symptoms in youth, its associations with children's brain structure are not well understood. The striatum has been strongly implicated in depression in adolescents and adults. In this study, we investigated the associations among parental harsh discipline, striatal volume, and depressive symptoms in children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.21859DOI Listing

The Swedish Neonatal Quality Register (SNQ) - contents, completeness and validity.

Acta Paediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Swedish Neonatal Quality Register (SNQ).

Aim: To describe the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register (SNQ) and to determine its completeness and agreement with other registers.

Methods: SNQ collects data for infants admitted to neonatal units during the first four postnatal weeks. Completeness and registers' agreement were determined crosslinking SNQ data with Swedish population registers (the Inpatient, Medical Birth and Cause of Death Registers) for a study period of five years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14823DOI Listing

Haloperidol discontinuation for people with schizophrenia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 21;4:CD011408. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Community Mental Health, Counties Manukau Health, Building 6, 17 Lambie Drive,, Manukau, Auckland, New Zealand, 2241.

Background: Schizophrenia is a disabling serious mental illness that can be chronic. Haloperidol, one of the first generation of antipsychotic drugs, is effective in the treatment of schizophrenia but can have adverse side effects. The effects of stopping haloperidol in people with schizophrenia who are stable on their prescription are not well researched in the context of systematic reviews. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011408.pub2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) Guideline for CYP2B6 and Efavirenz-containing Antiretroviral Therapy.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Meharry Medical College School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, efavirenz, is widely used to treat HIV-1 infection. Efavirenz is predominantly metabolized into inactive metabolites by CYP2B6, and patients with certain CYP2B6 genetic variants may be at increased risk for adverse effects, particularly central nervous system toxicity and treatment discontinuation. We summarize the evidence from the literature and provide therapeutic recommendations for efavirenz prescribing based on CYP2B6 genotypes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpt.1477DOI Listing

Increasing carbohydrate availability in the hindgut promotes hypothalamic neurotransmitter synthesis: aromatic amino acids linking the microbiota-brain axis.

J Neurochem 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Microbiology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Animal Health, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

The gut microbiota is increasingly recognized to modulate brain function by recent studies demonstrating the central effects of various gut microbial manipulation strategies. Our previous study demonstrated that antibiotics-induced alterations of hindgut microbiota are associated with changes in aromatic amino acid (AAA) metabolism and hypothalamic neurochemistry, while the underlying mechanism insight is limited. Given that the microbial AAA metabolism can be affected by luminal carbohydrate availability, here we hypothesize that increasing hindgut carbohydrate availability affects the expression of neurotransmitters in the porcine hypothalamus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14709DOI Listing

Learning to detect anatomical landmarks of the pelvis in X-rays from arbitrary views.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Computer Aided Medical Procedures, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Purpose: Minimally invasive alternatives are now available for many complex surgeries. These approaches are enabled by the increasing availability of intra-operative image guidance. Yet, fluoroscopic X-rays suffer from projective transformation and thus cannot provide direct views onto anatomy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11548-019-01975-5DOI Listing

Comparison of overall survival and quality of life between patients undergoing anal reconstruction and patients undergoing traditional lower abdominal stoma after radical resection.

Clin Transl Oncol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

The Department of General Surgery, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82, Cuiying Gate, Chengguan District, Lanzhou, 730030, Gansu, China.

Background: Miles procedure is often necessary for patients with low rectal carcinoma. However, this operation often affects the quality of life of patients, to evaluate the advantages of improved operation (anal reconstruction), the quality of life and survival between patients undergoing anal reconstruction and patients undergoing traditional lower abdominal stoma after radical resection were analyzed.

Methods: The clinical data of 43 patients with low situated rectal carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-019-02106-xDOI Listing

Management of postoperative chylous ascites after surgery for ovarian cancer: a single-institution experience.

Updates Surg 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Postoperative chylous ascites is a rare complication from operative trauma to the cisterna chyli or lymphatic vessels in the retroperitoneum. In the present study, we aimed to identify the incidence of postoperative chylous ascites in patients treated for ovarian cancer and to describe its management. We retrospectively reviewed all patients submitted to surgery for ovarian cancer at our Institution from October 2016 to November 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13304-019-00656-xDOI Listing

Pharmacovigilance Systems in Arab Countries: Overview of 22 Arab Countries.

Drug Saf 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

College of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Hail, P.O. Box 6166, Hail, 81442, Saudi Arabia.

Pharmacovigilance has received much attention in Arab countries recently due to the development of new regulations. However, there are differences in the progression of pharmacovigilance systems by regulatory agencies in these countries because only some are able to meet the requirements for conducting pharmacovigilance activities. Only 45% of Arab countries are official members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for International Drug Monitoring. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40264-019-00807-4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40264-019-00807-4DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Homelessness in Childhood and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

Matern Child Health J 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Objectives Research on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) has provided a valuable framework for understanding associations between childhood maltreatment and family dysfunction and later poor health outcomes. However, increasing research suggests the number and types of childhood adversities measured warrants further examination. This study examines ACE exposure among adults who experienced homelessness in childhood, another type of childhood adversity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-02698-wDOI Listing

Tailoring Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Mexican Terminal Cancer Patients: A Multiple Baseline Study.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

School of Business Administration, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico.

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of tailored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on depression and anxiety symptoms present in Mexican terminal cancer patients. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design was used across individuals. Nine patients participated in the study, each receiving four to six therapy sessions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09620-8DOI Listing

Body Image, Assimilation, and Weight of Immigrant Adolescents in the United States: A Person-Centered Analysis.

J Immigr Minor Health 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Psychology, Suffolk University, 73 Tremont Street, Boston, MA, 02108, USA.

Adolescence is a critical developmental period as youth explore their body image and work to establish an identity. The stress of identity and body image development can be exacerbated by acculturative stress faced by immigrant adolescents. Using a person-centered analysis, we investigated immigrant adolescents' (n = 57) profiles based on assimilation to the United States (US), weight, and body image dissatisfaction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00892-8DOI Listing

Impact of CFTR-modulating drugs on GH-IGF-1 axis impairment in adult patients with cystic fibrosis.

J Endocrinol Invest 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Section of Medical Pathophysiology, Endocrinology, Department Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: A new class of drugs in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes two agents: lumacaftor, which corrects CFTR channel protein, and ivacaftor, which increases CFTR channel activity. In our previous study we recruited 50 stable adults with CF and 16 of them showed growth hormone deficit (GHD): 7 patients severe and 9 patients partial GHD.

Material And Methods: We decided to re-evaluate ten patients with the GHRH + arginine test of whom only five were treated with lumacaftor/ivacaftor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-019-01051-4DOI Listing

Indirect foraminal decompression and improvement in the lumbar alignment after percutaneous cement discoplasty.

Eur Spine J 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

National Center for Spinal Disorders, Buda Health Center, Királyhágó St. 1-3, Budapest, 1126, Hungary.

Purpose: Percutaneous cement discoplasty (PCD) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, that can provide a segmental stabilizing and indirect decompression effect in case of severely degenerated discs characterized by vacuum phenomenon. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of PCD on spinopelvic radiological parameters and their associations with the clinical outcome.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected dataset of 28 patients (112 lumbar segments) who underwent single- or multilevel PCD was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-019-05966-7DOI Listing

A coupled reaction-diffusion-strain model predicts cranial vault formation in development and disease.

Biomech Model Mechanobiol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, 320 Leonhard Building, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.

How cells utilize instructions provided by genes and integrate mechanical forces generated by tissue growth to produce morphology is a fundamental question of biology. Dermal bones of the vertebrate cranial vault are formed through the direct differentiation of mesenchymal cells on the neural surface into osteoblasts through intramembranous ossification. Here we join a self-organizing Turing mechanism, computational biomechanics, and experimental data to produce a 3D representative model of the growing cerebral surface, cranial vault bones, and sutures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10237-019-01139-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10237-019-01139-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Impact of body mass index on minimally invasive ventral hernia repair: an ACS-NSQIP analysis.

Hernia 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose: Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m is a known independent risk factor for complications following open ventral hernia repair (VHR). We sought to examine the relationship between BMI and minimally invasive VHR.

Methods: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried for all patients age ≥ 18 years undergoing minimally invasive VHR (2005-2015). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01944-6DOI Listing

The role of fuel type and combustion phase on the toxicity of biomass smoke following inhalation exposure in mice.

Arch Toxicol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27711, USA.

The characteristics of wildland fire smoke exposures which initiate or exacerbate cardiopulmonary conditions are unclear. We previously reported that, on a mass basis, lung toxicity associated with particulate matter (PM) from flaming smoke aspirated into mouse lungs is greater than smoldering PM. In this study, we developed a computer-controlled inhalation system which can precisely control complex biomass smoke emissions from different combustion conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00204-019-02450-5DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of the French version of Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10).

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, CHU Saint-Pierre (CHU de Bruxelles), Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Objective: To develop a French version of the Eating Assessment Tool (Fr EAT-10) and to assess its internal consistency, reliability and clinical validity.

Methods: Fifty-six patients referred in the Swallowing Clinics of CHU Saint-Pierre Hospital (Brussels) and EpiCURA hospital (Ath, Belgium) for dysphagia were enrolled and completed fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and videofluoroscopy. Seventy-three asymptomatic subjects were included in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05429-1DOI Listing

Multi-criteria decision analysis for health technology assessment: addressing methodological challenges to improve the state of the art.

Eur J Health Econ 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Health Policy and Medical Technology Research Group, LSE Health London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.

Background: Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) concepts, models and tools have been used increasingly in health technology assessment (HTA), with several studies pointing out practical and theoretical issues related to its use. This study provides a critical review of published studies on MCDA in the context of HTA by assessing their methodological quality and summarising methodological challenges.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies discussing, developing or reviewing the use of MCDA in HTA using aggregation approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-019-01052-3DOI Listing

Micronutrient status and leukocyte telomere length in school-age Colombian children.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Room 5507 SPH II, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Purpose: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of inflammation and oxidative stress that predicts chronic disease risk. Nutritional factors are related to LTL in adulthood, but these associations are not well characterized in children. We examined whether micronutrient status biomarkers were associated with LTL in school-age children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01966-xDOI Listing

Adherence to Mediterranean diet in Crohn's disease.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Dietetics and Nutritional Science, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Ave, 17671, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: To assess the adherence to MD in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).

Methods: Outpatients with CD were enrolled in this protocol. Medical history, disease activity, dietary intake, habitual Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) score, anthropometric measurements and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) were recorded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01972-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of super-extended lymphadenectomy at radical cystectomy with perioperative complications and re-hospitalization.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients treated with radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy (LAD) for bladder cancer to assess the differential association of the extent of LAD with perioperative complications and re-hospitalization.

Materials And Methods: LAD templates were defined as limited (lLAD = external, internal iliac and obturator), extended (eLAD = up to crossing of ureter and presacral lymph nodes), and super-extended (sLAD = up to the inferior mesenteric artery). Logistic regression models investigated the association of LAD templates with intraoperative, 30- and 30-90-day postoperative complications, as well as re-hospitalizations within 30 and 30-90 days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02769-9DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Genome-Wide Association Study of Bisphosphonate-Associated Atypical Femoral Fracture.

Calcif Tissue Int 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Atypical femoral fracture is a well-documented adverse reaction to bisphosphonates. It is strongly related to duration of bisphosphonate use, and the risk declines rapidly after drug withdrawal. The mechanism behind bisphosphonate-associated atypical femoral fracture is unclear, but a genetic predisposition has been suggested. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-019-00546-9DOI Listing

On prognostic estimates of radiation risk in medicine and radiation protection.

Radiat Environ Biophys 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Physics, Science Faculty, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

The problem of expressing cumulative detrimental effect of radiation exposure is revisited. All conventionally used and computationally complex lifetime or time-integrated risks are based on current population and health statistical data, with unknown future secular trends, that are projected far into the future. It is shown that application of conventionally used lifetime or time-integrated attributable risks (LAR, AR) should be limited to exposures under 1 Gy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00411-019-00794-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-019-00794-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Age dependent ultrasound B-mode findings of the elbow joint in healthy children and adolescents.

Rheumatol Int 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Asklepios Hospital Weißenfels, Naumburger Strasse 76, 06667, Weissenfels, Germany.

Due to maturation of joints, various changes take place, not only in the field of paediatric rheumatology but also in paediatric orthopaedics musculoskeletal ultrasound plays an important role in both the diagnosis and the follow-up of diseases in this field. To differentiate between physiological and pathological findings, the knowledge of reference values of joint structures is indispensable. The objective was to define B-mode ultrasound age- and sex-related reference values for the elbow joint in healthy children and adolescents during maturation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-018-4233-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Effectiveness of Social Marketing Interventions to Improve HIV Testing Among Gay, Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Systematic Review.

AIDS Behav 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow, Scotland, G2 3AX, UK.

HIV testing is central to biomedical HIV prevention, but testing among men who have sex with men remains suboptimal. We evaluated effectiveness of mass media and communication interventions to increase HIV testing and explored patterns between study type, internal validity and intervention effectiveness for the first time. Five databases were searched for articles published between 2009 and 2016 using standard MeSH terms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02507-7DOI Listing

Clinical correlates of abnormal subcortical volumes in Essential Tremor.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560029, India.

Essential tremor (ET) is considered to be a neurodegenerative disorder and it is plausible that the observed motor and non-motor symptoms may be attributable to functional alterations secondary to abnormalities of subcortical nuclei. This study aims to compare the volumes of subcortical nuclei in patients with ET to ascertain neuroimaging correlates of motor and non-motor features of ET. Forty patients of ET and 40 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-019-02004-0DOI Listing

NEAT1 regulates neuroglial cell mediating Aβ clearance via the epigenetic regulation of endocytosis-related genes expression.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

The accumulation of intracellular β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) is important pathological characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the exact underlying molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, we reported that Nuclear Paraspeckle Assembly Transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long n on-coding RNA, exhibits repressed expression in the early stage of AD and its down-regulation declines neuroglial cell mediating Aβ clearance via inhibiting expression of endocytosis-related genes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00018-019-03074-9DOI Listing

Third Global Summit on Circulatory Health.

Eur Heart J 2019 Apr;40(16):1251-1253

World Heart Federation.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz212DOI Listing

Non-communicable disease prevention in Mexico: policies, programs and regulations.

Health Promot Int 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, 1296 N. Martin, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.

Non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have become a leading cause of the death in Mexico. The federal government has addressed this issue through developing NCD prevention plans, regulations and policies (PRPs) that seek to address social and environmental factors, which was led by the National Institute of Public Health and Ministry of Health in concert with various non-governmental organizations. This review aims to synthesize and summarize national NCD prevention PRPs addressing social and environmental factors passed from 2010 to 2016, and to assess the extent to which these efforts successfully addressed factors contributing to the epidemic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz029DOI Listing

Family-centred oral health promotion through Victorian child-health services: a pilot.

Health Promot Int 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Dental Health Services Victoria, 720 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia.

Maternal and Child Health Services (MCHS) provide ideal settings for oral disease prevention. In Victoria (Australia), child mouth-checks (Lift-the-Lip) and oral health promotion (OHP) occur during MCHS child visits. This study trialled Tooth-Packs (OHP resources, toothbrushes, toothpastes) distribution within MCHS to (i) assess the impacts of Tooth-Packs distribution on child and family oral health (OH) behaviours and knowledge, including Maternal and Child Health Nurses (MCHN) child referral practices to dental services, and (ii) determine the feasibility and acceptability of incorporating Tooth-Packs distribution into MCHN OHP practices. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz025DOI Listing

Volunteerism as adolescent health promotion asset: a scoping review.

Health Promot Int 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

University of Navarra, School of Nursing, Department of Community, Maternity and Pediatric Nursing. Campus Universitario, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

The Aim of this scoping review was to explore the available literature on volunteerism in adolescence and the benefits that this activity may report in their healthy development, from a salutogenic perspective. Searches were conducted in Pubmed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library home databases; 15 articles were selected. Almost all of the studies were conducted in the United States between 1990 and 2000, primarily developed by psychologists and sociologists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz026DOI Listing

Advocacy coalitions and the transfer of nutrition policy to Zambia.

Authors:
Jody Harris

Health Policy Plan 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Institute of Development Studies, Library Road, University of Sussex, BN1 9RE, Brighton, UK.

Stunted growth in children and multisectoral action to address it are dominant ideas in the international nutrition community today, and this study finds that these ideas are increasingly evident over time in nutrition policy in Zambia, with stunting largely displacing other framings of nutrition. This study is based on key informant interviews (70 interviews with 61 interviewees), policy document review, and social network mapping, with iterative data collection and analysis taking place over 6 years (2011-2016). Analysis was based on two established political science theories: policy transfer theory and the Advocacy Coalition Framework. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/heapol/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czz024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

HPV vaccine, Twitter, and gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men.

Health Promot Int 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, 3215 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

This study aimed to quantify human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Twitter messaging addressing gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GB+MSM) and describes messaging by vaccine sentiment (attitudes towards vaccine) and characteristics (topic of messaging). Between August 2014 and July 2015, we collected 193 379 HPV-related tweets and classified them by vaccine sentiment and characteristics. We analysed a subsample of tweets containing the terms 'gay', 'bisexual' and 'MSM' (N = 2306), and analysed distributions of sentiment and characteristics using chi-square. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz030DOI Listing

Preterm birth and risk of sleep-disordered breathing from childhood into mid-adulthood.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health.

Background: Preterm birth (gestational age <37 weeks) has previously been associated with cardiometabolic and neuropsychiatric disorders into adulthood, but has seldom been examined in relation to sleep disorders. We conducted the first population-based study of preterm birth in relation to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) from childhood into mid-adulthood.

Methods: A national cohort study was conducted of all 4 186 615 singleton live births in Sweden during 1973-2014, who were followed for SDB ascertained from nationwide inpatient and outpatient diagnoses through 2015 (maximum age 43 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ije
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz075DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
  • Page 1 of 87358