47 results match your criteria Headache Pediatric Perspective


The childhood migraine syndrome.

Nat Rev Neurol 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Neurology and Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Migraine is a complex genetic brain disorder with an intricate pathogenesis and polymorphous clinical presentations, particularly in children. In this Perspective, we describe the different phenotypes of migraine in children, including conditions that have been referred to in the International Classification of Headache Disorders as "syndromes that may be related to migraine''. Evidence is presented for the integration of abdominal migraine, cyclical vomiting syndrome, benign paroxysmal vertigo, benign paroxysmal torticollis and infantile colic into the unified diagnosis of 'childhood migraine syndrome' on the basis of clinical and epidemiological characteristics, and shared inheritance. Read More

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The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Emergency Department Visits for Neurological Diseases in Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2020 Dec 21;12(12):e12200. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Neurology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, SAU.

Introduction COVID-19 has been a gravitating topic in the past months, yet much information about this new virus is to be unraveled. The uncertainties about the virus and its effects have affected a lot of daily life activities. One of these affected activities is emergency department (ED) visits and how this disease might have changed people's perspective on when to go to an emergency. Read More

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December 2020

Difficulties Encountered While Using PPE Kits and How to Overcome Them: An Indian Perspective.

Cureus 2020 Nov 23;12(11):e11652. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Anaesthesiology, Super Speciality Paediatric Hospital and Post Graduate Teaching Institute, Noida, IND.

Background After a slow start due to an effective lockdown, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in India has been raging at a rapid pace, posing a formidable challenge to the healthcare system in the country. The personal protective equipment (PPE) undoubtedly provides a shield of protection for the healthcare workers (HCWs) fighting the disease as a valuable asset to the nation. However, there have been various problems associated with the PPE, ranging from its shortage to problems arising from heat, dehydration, etc while wearing them. Read More

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November 2020

Free flap head and neck microsurgery with VITOM 3D: Surgical outcomes and surgeon's perspective.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jun 25;48(3):464-470. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Dentistry, Gynecology, and Pediatrics, University of Verona, University Hospital of Verona, Borgo Trento, Piazzale Aristide Stefani, 1, 37126 Verona, Italy.

Objective: To report on the application of the 3D exoscopic system to microsurgery in a cohort of head and neck cancer patients; to analyse the performance of microvascular anastomoses, flap harvesting and insetting under exoscopic view and to evaluate the surgeon's feedback after procedures.

Methods: An observational study was performed on 10 consecutive patients undergoing exoscopic microsurgical free flap reconstruction. The VITOM 3D system was applied to all procedures for microsurgical anastomoses, flap harvesting and insetting. Read More

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Nusinersen injections in adults and children with spinal muscular atrophy: a single-center experience.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020 11;26(6):596-602

Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology and the Department of Neurology, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Minnesota University, Minneapolis, USA.

Purpose: Nusinersen is a drug approved in December 2016 for treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). We want to share our initial experience with image-guided, non-image-guided, and port-delivered nusinersen injections in a large single-center SMA patient cohort, treating both pediatric and adult patients with focus on technical considerations and other patient concerns from a combined perspective of patient, neurologist, and radiologist.

Methods: All nusinersen injections between February 2017 and September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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November 2020

Symptomatic Sinus Pericranii with Adult Onset Headache: A Case Report with Pathologic Perspective.

J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg 2019 Sep 30;21(3):163-168. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Sinus pericranii (SP) is a rare vascular anomaly of the scalp that consists of an abnormal pericranial venous channel connected to adjacent dural venous sinuses. Most SP are asymptomatic and are found in the pediatric age group. We aim to report a case of symptomatic SP in adult and describe the clinical, radiological, and pathohistological findings to help understand and differentiate this lesion from other scalp lesions. Read More

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September 2019

Parenting, self-regulation, and treatment adherence in pediatric chronic headache: A self-determination theory perspective.

J Health Psychol 2019 Nov 1:1359105319884596. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Boston Children's Hospital, USA.

This study examined parenting factors associated with children's self-regulation and physician-rated treatment adherence using a self-determination theory framework in pediatric chronic headache. Participants were 58 children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years), who underwent initial and follow-up multidisciplinary evaluation at a headache clinic, and their mothers. Regression analyses showed that higher maternal autonomy support and structure were significantly related to children's lower treatment-related reactance and higher adherence. Read More

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November 2019

Autoimmune phenomena involving the pituitary gland in children: New developing data about diagnosis and treatment.

Autoimmun Rev 2019 Oct 8;18(10):102363. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Institute of Pediatrics, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

The contribution of autoimmune phenomena to dysfunction of hypophysis or hypothalamus is far to be unraveled and also the specific pathways of hypophysitis are poorly understood until now, mostly for the pediatric population. Primary hypophysitis is rare in children and often regarded as an autoimmune disorder, following the evidence of lymphoplasmacytic infiltration in the pituitary gland, detection of anti-pituitary antibodies (APA) and anti-hypotalamus antibodies (AHA) by indirect immunofluorescence on cryostatic sections of human or primate hypophysis and hypothalamus, and coexistence with other autoimmune disorders. The rarity of this condition and the lack of ad hoc studies make hard any assessment of the real incidence of hypophysitis in pediatric patients, and also the role of APA and AHA has been poorly investigated in children with idiopathic hypopituitarism. Read More

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October 2019

When "a headache is not just a headache": A qualitative examination of parent and child experiences of pain after childhood cancer.

Psychooncology 2019 09 16;28(9):1901-1909. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Patient Partner, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Today, more than 80% of children diagnosed with cancer are expected to survive. Despite the high prevalence of pain associated with the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer, there is a limited understanding of how having cancer shapes children's experience and meaning of pain after treatment has ended. This study addresses this gap by exploring childhood cancer survivors' (CCS') experiences of pain from their perspective and the perspective of their parents. Read More

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September 2019

Guidelines on management of cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults by the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society and the Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Association.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 06;31 Suppl 2:e13604

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

The increasing recognition of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) in adults prompted the development of these evidence-based guidelines on the management of CVS in adults, which was sponsored by the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society (ANMS) and the Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Association (CVSA). GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) framework was used and a professional librarian performed the literature search. The expert committee included the President of the CVSA who brought a patient perspective into the deliberations. Read More

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Can Oral Fesoterodine Be an Alternative for Intravesical Oxybutynin Instillations in Children with Neuropathic Bladder Dysfunction?

Urol Int 2019 22;103(2):202-210. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department Urology-Pediatric Urology, UZ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium,

Purpose: A low-pressure bladder in children with neuropathic bladder dysfunction can be achieved using anticholinergic medication. Due to the significant side effects of oral oxybutynin, our patients are treated with daily intravesical oxybutynin instillations. Newer oral anticholinergic medication, such as fesoterodine, claim to have fewer side effects in a once daily formulation. Read More

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February 2020

Non-invasive Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Migraine: A Perspective From Evidence in Adult Migraine.

Front Neurol 2019 12;10:364. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Dipartimento di Promozione della Salute, Materno-Infantile, di Medicina Interna e Specialistica di Eccellenza "G. D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Pediatric migraine remains still a challenge for the headache specialists as concerns both diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. The less ability of children to describe the exact features of their migraines and the lack of reliable biomarker for migraine contribute to complicate the diagnostic process. Therefore, there's need for new effective tools for supporting diagnostic and therapeutic approach in children with migraine. Read More

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Defence response mobilization in response to provocation or imagery of interoceptive sensations in adolescents with chronic pain: a study protocol.

Pain Rep 2018 Sep 11;3(Suppl 1):e680. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Trier, Trier, Germany.

Introduction: Fear of pain seems to be a key factor in the development and maintenance of chronic pain and pain-related disability. Interoceptive fear conditioning is assumed to constitute an important mechanism in the origins and maintenance of fear of pain. If conditioned stimuli such as internal bodily sensations are repeatedly paired with pain (unconditioned stimulus), they in turn elicit a conditioned fear response, including defence mobilization such as startle modulation and changes in heart rate and electrodermal activity. Read More

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September 2018

Adolescent Perspectives on the Burden of a Parent's Migraine: Results from the CaMEO Study.

Headache 2018 Apr 22;58(4):512-524. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

Objective: To assess the impact of parental migraine on adolescents (aged 13-21 years) living within the parental home from the adolescent's perspective.

Background: Family members are affected by their parent's migraine. We surveyed adolescents on the social, academic, and emotional effects of their parent's migraine. Read More

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Family Perspectives on Visiting the Pediatric Emergency Department for Migraine: A Qualitative Study.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Jun;36(6):e310-e317

From the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of families regarding their expectations and experience of visiting the emergency department (ED) for migraine.

Methods: This was a qualitative study involving the families of 25 patients aged 10 to 18 years receiving ED care for acute migraine. Following their visit, independent semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with both the patient and parent or guardian. Read More

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CT and MRI Features of Pediatric-Aged Colloid Cysts: Report of Two Cases.

Case Rep Radiol 2017 31;2017:2467085. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

French Medical Institute for Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan.

A 10-year-old boy with the history of headache, anorexia, and vomiting was referred to our department to undergo a brain CT scan. CT images demonstrated a well-defined, rounded, hyperdense lesion at the level of the foramen of Monro causing moderate dilatation of the lateral ventricles. An 11-year-old girl with a long history of a headache was also referred to undergoing a brain MRI. Read More

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January 2017

Trajectory of Improvement in Children and Adolescents With Chronic Migraine: Results From the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Amitriptyline Trial.

J Pain 2017 06 18;18(6):637-644. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; Headache Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address:

We compared headache frequency trajectories between clinical trial participants who received cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and amitriptyline (CBT+A) or headache education (HE) and amitriptyline (HE+A) to determine if there was a differential time course of treatment response between the groups. One hundred thirty-five patients (age 10-17 years) diagnosed with chronic migraine participated, attending 8 one-hour one-on-one CBT or HE sessions with a trained psychologist for 8 weekly sessions, 2 sessions at weeks 12 and 16, and a post-treatment visit at week 20. Participants kept daily headache diaries and completed take-home assignments between visits. Read More

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Transcriptomic Changes in Rat Cortex and Brainstem After Cortical Spreading Depression With or Without Pretreatment With Migraine Prophylactic Drugs.

J Pain 2017 04 3;18(4):366-375. Epub 2016 Dec 3.

Departament de Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Institut de Biomedicina de la Universitat de Barcelona (IBUB), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Spain; Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu (IRSJD), Esplugues, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address:

Migraine with aura is a subtype of migraine characterized by transient neurological disturbances that usually precede headache. Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the likely pathophysiological correlate of the aura phase of migraine, found in common and rare forms of migraine, such as familial hemiplegic migraine. CSD is a depolarization wave that propagates across the cerebral gray matter transiently suppressing neuronal activity. Read More

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The ABMS MOC Part III Examination: Value, Concerns, and Alternative Formats.

Acad Med 2016 11;91(11):1509-1515

R.E. Hawkins is vice president, Medical Education Outcomes, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois. M.B. Irons is senior vice president, Academic Affairs, American Board of Medical Specialties, Chicago, Illinois. C.M. Welcher is senior policy analyst, Medical Education Outcomes, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois. M.V. Pouwels is director, Medical Education Collaborations, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois. E.S. Holmboe is senior vice president, Milestone Development and Evaluation, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Chicago, Illinois. E.J. Reisdorff is executive director, American Board of Emergency Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan. J.M. Cohen is director, Education, Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Continuum; Headache Fellowship program director, Headache Institute and Adolescent Headache Center, Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospital; and assistant professor of neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. S. Dentzer is senior policy adviser, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Washington, DC. D.G. Nichols is president and chief executive officer, American Board of Pediatrics, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. C.A. Lien is professor and vice chair for academic affairs, Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York. T.D. Horn is executive director, American Board of Dermatology, Newton, Massachusetts. R.B. Noone is executive director, American Board of Plastic Surgery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. R.S. Lipner is senior vice president, Evaluation, Research and Development, American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. K.W. Eva is associate director and senior scientist, Centre for Health Education Scholarship, and professor and director of education research and scholarship, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. J.J. Norcini is president and chief executive officer, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. L.M. Nora is president and chief executive officer, American Board of Medical Specialties, Chicago, Illinois. J.P. Gold is chancellor, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.

This article describes the presentations and discussions at a conference co-convened by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association (AMA) and by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). The conference focused on the ABMS Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part III Examination. This article, reflecting the conference agenda, covers the value of and evidence supporting the examination, as well as concerns about the cost of the examination, and-given the current format-its relevance. Read More

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November 2016

Systematic Review of Childhood and Adolescent Risk and Prognostic Factors for Recurrent Headaches.

J Pain 2016 08 19;17(8):855-873.e8. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Unlabelled: Little is known about childhood and adolescent risk and prognostic factors for recurrent headaches. This systematic review 1) examined longitudinal evidence about factors associated with onset and course of recurrent headaches in childhood or adolescence, using meta-analysis where possible, and 2) evaluated the quality of this evidence using a modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework. Through searching electronic databases, reference lists of included studies, and an electronic mail list we identified and included 23 articles reporting 19 cohorts. Read More

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Spatial Heterogeneity of Cortical Excitability in Migraine Revealed by Multifrequency Neuromagnetic Signals.

J Pain 2016 06 10;17(6):694-706. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

MEG Center, Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unlabelled: To investigate the spatial heterogeneity of cortical excitability in adolescents with migraine, magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings at a sampling rate of 6,000 Hz were obtained from 35 adolescents with an acute migraine and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants during an auditory-motor task. Neuromagnetic activation from low- to high-frequency ranges (5-1,000 Hz) was measured at sensor and source levels. The heterogeneity of cortical excitability was quantified within each functional modality (auditory vs motor) and hemispherical lateralization. Read More

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Enigmatic entity in childhood: clival chordoma from a tertiary center's perspective.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2015 Sep 30;157(9):1587-93. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey,

Purpose: Chordoma is a rare neoplasm that arises from embryonic notochordal remnants along the axial skeleton (i.e., clivus, sacrum) and the vertebral bodies. Read More

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September 2015

The evolution of headache from childhood to adulthood: a review of the literature.

J Headache Pain 2014 Mar 18;15:15. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

Headache Center, C, Mondino National Institute of Neurology Foundation, IRCCS, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Headache is one of the most common disorders in childhood, with an estimated 75% of children reporting significant headache by the age of 15 years. Pediatric migraine is the most frequent recurrent headache disorder, occurring in up to 28% of older teenagers. Headaches rank third among the illness-related causes of school absenteeism and result in substantial psychosocial impairment among pediatric patients. Read More

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Specific music therapy techniques in the treatment of primary headache disorders in adolescents: a randomized attention-placebo-controlled trial.

J Pain 2013 Oct 19;14(10):1196-207. Epub 2013 Jul 19.

School of Therapeutic Sciences, SRH University Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Unlabelled: Migraine and tension-type headache have a high prevalence in children and adolescents. In addition to common pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions, music therapy has been shown to be efficient in the prophylaxis of pediatric migraine. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of specific music therapy techniques in the treatment of adolescents with primary headache (tension-type headache and migraine). Read More

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October 2013

Altered cortical activation in adolescents with acute migraine: a magnetoencephalography study.

J Pain 2013 Dec 21;14(12):1553-63. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address:

Unlabelled: To quantitatively assess cortical dysfunction in pediatric migraine, 31 adolescents with acute migraine and age- and gender-matched controls were studied using a magnetoencephalography (MEG) system at a sampling rate of 6,000 Hz. Neuromagnetic brain activation was elicited by a finger-tapping task. The spectral and spatial signatures of magnetoencephalography data in 5 to 2,884 Hz were analyzed using Morlet wavelet and beamformers. Read More

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December 2013

Maternal stress and childhood migraine: a new perspective on management.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2013 6;9:351-5. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical, and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples.

Background: Migraine without aura is a primary headache which is frequent and disabling in the developmental age group. No reports are available concerning the prevalence and impact of migraine in children on the degree of stress experienced by parents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of maternal stress in a large pediatric sample of individuals affected by migraine without aura. Read More

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Can headache impair intellectual abilities in children? An observational study.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2012 1;8:509-13. Epub 2012 Nov 1.

Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples, Naples.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive functioning of children affected by headache, pinpointing the differences in intelligence style between subjects affected by migraine without aura and subjects with tension-type headache.

Methods: The study population consisted of 147 children (mean age 10.82 ± 2. Read More

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November 2012

A Unified, Transdiagnostic Treatment for Adolescents With Chronic Pain and Comorbid Anxiety and Depression.

Cogn Behav Pract 2012 Feb;19(1):56-67

Pediatric Pain Program, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

Chronic pain disorders represent a significant public health concern, particularly for children and adolescents. High rates of comorbid anxiety and unipolar mood disorders often complicate psychological interventions for chronic pain. Unified treatment approaches, based on emotion regulation skills, are applicable to a broad range of emotional disorders and suggest the possibility of extending these interventions to chronic pain and pain-related dysfunction. Read More

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February 2012

Atomoxetine: a review of its use in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.

Paediatr Drugs 2009 ;11(3):203-26

Wolters Kluwer Health mid R: Adis, Auckland, New Zealand, an editorial office of Wolters Kluwer Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Atomoxetine (Strattera(R)) is a selective norepinephrine (noradrenaline) reuptake inhibitor that is not classified as a stimulant, and is indicated for use in patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Atomoxetine is effective and generally well tolerated. It is significantly more effective than placebo and standard current therapy and does not differ significantly from or is noninferior to immediate-release methylphenidate; however, it is significantly less effective than the extended-release methylphenidate formulation OROS(R) methylphenidate (hereafter referred to as osmotically released methylphenidate) and extended-release mixed amfetamine salts. Read More

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Pseudopapilledema in a pediatric kidney transplant recipient.

Pediatr Transplant 2010 Nov 5;14(7):E83-5. Epub 2010 Aug 5.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

IIH is a syndrome of increased intracranial pressure characterized by headache, visual disturbance, papilledema with normal cranial neuroimaging. It is associated with many factors in childhood. From the renal perspective renal insufficiency, chronic dialysis, steroid treatment, and recombinant human growth hormone have been associated with IIH. Read More

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November 2010