14,376 results match your criteria Headache Children

Perceptions towards mask use in school children during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: descriptive results from the longitudinal Ciao Corona cohort study.

Swiss Med Wkly 2022 04 20;152:w30165. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI), University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Mask wearing contributes to the reduction of transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In Switzerland, compulsory use of masks was introduced in indoor public spaces and later in schools. This study explored perceptions of the usefulness of masks in school and public in a cohort of children and adolescents in the canton of Zurich, Switzerland, in January to May 2021. Read More

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Possible association between Guillain-Barré syndrome and SARS-CoV-2 infection in children: A case report and literature review.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 23;24(1):462. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Chivasso Hospital, I-10034 Turin, Italy.

Neurological manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been reported in adults and in children, varying from mild to more debilitant symptoms, including fatigue, headache and dizziness. A series of studies have revealed a possible association between Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis at all ages, and SARS-CoV-2 infection. Case reports of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated GBS mainly include adult patients, while only a few pediatric cases have been reported. Read More

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mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine Reactogenicity among Healthcare Workers: Results from an Active Survey in a Pediatric Hospital from Bucharest, January-February 2021.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 May 25;10(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children "Grigore Alexandrescu", 011743 Bucharest, Romania.

In Romania, health and social workers were prioritized for COVID-19 vaccination. We aimed to describe the vaccine adverse events identified through an active survey (using an electronic questionnaire) conducted among the staff of a pediatric hospital from Bucharest, vaccinated with the mRNA Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Data on the frequency and duration of adverse events were collected and analyzed using Microsoft Excel, Epi Info, and MedCalc. Read More

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Diagnostic Values of Red Flags and a Clinical Prediction Score for Emergent Intracranial Lesions in Non-Traumatic Pediatric Headaches.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Global Health and Chronic Conditions Research Group, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

Introduction: Diagnosis of emergent intracranial lesions that require emergency treatment either medically or surgically in non-traumatic pediatric headaches is important. Red-flag signs and symptoms are commonly used as justification for neuroimaging; however, evidence on its diagnostic values is limited. The study aims to identify diagnostic values of red-flags and develop a clinical prediction score to help improve the diagnostic yield of neuroimaging. Read More

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The Association between ADHD and Celiac Disease in Children.

Sonia Gaur

Children (Basel) 2022 May 25;9(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Stanford School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Controversy around the association between celiac disease (CeD) and attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) was addressed by a systematic review in 2015, ultimately showing no association. Since 2015, there have been several studies showing an association between celiac disease and attention deficit hyperactive disorder. This is an updated systematic review. Read More

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[Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus presenting as acute headache].

Andes Pediatr 2022 Apr;93(2):270-275

Hospital Universitario Francisco de Borja, Valencia, España.

Herpes Zoster (HZ) is rare in childhood and is defined as the reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus in patients who have previously been infected with varicella. When the virus affects the ophthal mic nerve it is called herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and it can produce, among other symptoms, acute headache, so it must be considered as a differential diagnosis.

Objective: To describe a clinical case of HZO in a pediatric patient and to recognize its clinical manifestations and their importance in the differential diagnosis of acute headache in children. Read More

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The Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation to Topiramate Therapy on Pediatric Migraine Prophylaxis.

J Child Neurol 2022 Jun 22:8830738221092882. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Pediatric Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

There is still a need for more studies to evaluate the role of vitamin D in pediatric migraine prophylaxis. We aimed to evaluate the effects and safety of vitamin D supplementation to topiramate on pediatric migraine. A double-blinded prospective clinical trial was conducted on 5- to 14-year-old children with migraine. Read More

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Letter to the Editor: Depression As The First Symptom Of Frontal Lobe Grade 2 Malignant Glioma.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):143-145

Dear Editor, Next to focal neurological symptoms, epileptic seizures and head aches, brain tumors can less frequently bring about cognitive changes, slowed speech, difficulty sustaining mental functioning and psychiatric symptoms of personality changes and. loss of interest in daily activities, these symptoms may be evaluated as anxiety or depression. Depression is known to be a complication of brain tumours and may sometimes be seen after the presentation of neurological symptoms linked to brain tumours, and sometimes after tumor treatment (Oğuz et al. Read More

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"Incidence, characteristics and prognosis of cervical artery dissection-induced ischemic stroke in central Iran".

BMC Neurol 2022 Jun 21;22(1):227. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar Jarib Street, Isfahan, 73461-81746, Iran.

Objectives: Ischemic stroke is the most common presentation of cervical artery dissection (CAD). Information regarding CAD-induced stroke is scarce, especially in the Middle East. Here we investigated the incidence of CAD-induced stroke, its characteristics, and the clinical course in central Iran. Read More

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Concomitant spontaneous spinal and posterior fossa subdural hematoma in an 11-year-old child with aplastic anemia: a case report and review of literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Hematology, Clinical and Chemical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University Teaching Hospital, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Purpose: The current article describes an 11-year-old male who has aplastic anemia with an extremely rare condition, that is, concomitant posterior fossa SDH and spinal SDH.

Methods: This is a case report and review of literature.

Case Presentation: This case presents an 11-year-old male known to have aplastic anemia complained of neck and back pain, headache, and persistent vomiting for 3 days. Read More

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Safety evaluation of the single-dose Ad26.COV2.S vaccine among healthcare workers in the Sisonke study in South Africa: A phase 3b implementation trial.

PLoS Med 2022 Jun 21;19(6):e1004024. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Real-world evaluation of the safety profile of vaccines after licensure is crucial to accurately characterise safety beyond clinical trials, support continued use, and thereby improve public confidence. The Sisonke study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Janssen Ad26.COV2. Read More

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Disparities in the emergency department management of pediatric migraine by race, ethnicity, and language preference.

Acad Emerg Med 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

University of Washington, Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, & Seattle Children's Research Institute, Center for Child Health, Behavior & Development, Seattle, WA, USA.

There are disparities in pain management for children presenting to the emergency department (ED) according to their racial and ethnic backgrounds. It is not known if there are differences in the treatment of pain associated with pediatric migraines by race, ethnicity, and language for care (REaL). We analyzed treatment patterns and outcomes in our ED for acute migraine in pediatric patients by REaL. Read More

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COVID-19 clinical features in primary care: COVIDPAP study.

An Pediatr (Engl Ed) 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Centro de Atención Primaria "Ansoáin", Navarra, Spain.

Objectives: In Spain, the tools to diagnose COVID-19 were available in primary care from May 2020. Previously most studies described inpatients or patients in A&E departments, and fever and cough were the most frequent symptoms. This study aims to define the clinical picture of the pediatric COVID-19 in the community. Read More

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Cerebrospinal fluid hypotension following fall in a child: Case report.

Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) 2022 Jul-Aug;33(4):195-198

Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Portugal.

CSF hypotension arises in the context of a leak of CSF which causes negative intracranial pressure. Sacral fractures result from high-energy trauma which are frequently underdiagnosed. A ten-year-old boy presented with hip pain, after a fall. Read More

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Impact of Genetic Testing on Therapeutic Decision-Making in Childhood-Onset Epilepsies-a Study in a Tertiary Epilepsy Center.

Neurotherapeutics 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Epilepsy Genetics and Personalized Medicine, Danish Epilepsy Center, Filadelfia, Dianalund, Denmark.

We assessed the frequency of pediatric monogenic epilepsies and precision therapies at a tertiary epilepsy center. We analyzed medical records of children, born in 2006-2011 and followed at the Danish Epilepsy Center from January to December 2015; 357 patients were identified, of whom 27 without epilepsy and 35 with acquired brain damage were excluded. Of the remaining 295 children, 188 were consented for study inclusion and genetic testing. Read More

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Neurological long-COVID in the outpatient clinic: Two subtypes, two courses.

J Neurol Sci 2022 Jun 3;439:120315. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

IRCCS, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Symptoms referable to central and peripheral nervous system involvement are often evident both during the acute phase of COVID-19 infection and during long-COVID. In this study, we evaluated a population of patients with prior COVID-19 infection who showed signs and symptoms consistent with neurological long-COVID.

Methods: We prospectively collected demographic and acute phase course data from patients with prior COVID-19 infection who showed symptoms related to neurological involvement in the long-COVID phase. Read More

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Brain abscess due to Aggregatibacter aphrophilus in association with atrial septal defect:Case report and literature review.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2022 Jun 11;219:107337. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

National Center for Infectious Diseases research, The Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: Aggregatibacter aphrophilus(A. aphrophilus)is one of the organisms of the HACEK group. Previously reported cases of brain abscesses caused by A. Read More

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Headache and changes in artwork as a presentation of central venous sinus thrombosis in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Am J Emerg Med 2022 Jun 12. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, UC Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a common pediatric cancer diagnosis with excellent survival outcomes but significant morbidity, particularly during the induction phase of chemotherapy. Central venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a known potential complication of induction therapy; however, it occurs rarely and may be difficult to diagnose, particularly in young children who have limited verbal skills. Herein, we report a case of CVST in a child with B-cell ALL undergoing induction chemotherapy whose main symptoms were headache and a change in the appearance of his artwork noticed by his parents. Read More

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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome secondary to acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis in a child: a case report from the Tibetan plateau.

BMC Neurol 2022 Jun 18;22(1):225. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shigatse People's Hospital, Tibet, China.

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a disorder of reversible vasogenic brain oedema with acute neurologic symptoms. It is a rare but serious disease that affects the central nervous system. PRES is a rare complication of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). Read More

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Clinical Characteristics of Hospitalized Pediatric Patients With Hypertensive Crisis-A Retrospective, Single-Center Study in China.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 31;9:891804. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Heart Centre, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: A hypertensive crisis is a medical emergency that causes acute damage to multiple organs. However, the etiology, clinical features, and prognosis of hypertensive crisis in Chinese children remain relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric hypertensive crisis patients from a single center in China. Read More

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Onset of efficacy and adverse events during Cenobamate titration period.

Acta Neurol Scand 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Epilepsy Unit, Department of Neurology, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: Cenobamate is an antiseizure medication (ASM) approved in Europe as adjunctive therapy for adults with inadequately controlled focal seizures. This post hoc analysis reports onset of efficacy and characterizes time to onset, duration, and severity of the most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) during cenobamate titration.

Materials & Methods: Adult patients with uncontrolled focal seizures taking 1 to 3 concomitant ASMs were randomized to receive adjunctive cenobamate or placebo (double-blind studies C013 and C017) or cenobamate (open-label study C021). Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccines in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Med Virol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: To systematically review and synthesize the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in children and adolescents.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library databases, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), the Chinese Clinical Trials Registry (ChiCTR) and ClinicalTrials.gov website were searched to collect accessible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the safety and efficacy of human COVID-19 vaccines in children and adolescents until May 1, 2022. Read More

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Neuropsychiatric lupus erythematosus with neurogenic pulmonary edema and anti-α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor limbic encephalitis: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2022 Jun 17;22(1):222. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, No.154 Anshan Road, Tianjin, 300052, China.

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune inflammatory disease predominantly found in women of child-bearing age. Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a recalcitrant complication that occurs after injury to the central nervous system and has an acute onset and rapid progression. Limbic encephalitis is an inflammatory encephalopathy caused by viruses, immune responses, or other factors involving the limbic system. Read More

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High-grade idiopathic atrioventricular block in childhood: Case report and literature review.

Medwave 2022 Jun 15;22(5):e8743. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Centro Cardiológico del Quindío, Armenia, Colombia. ORCID: 0000-0002-6388-243X.

Atrioventricular blocks are chronotropic abnormalities produced by multifactorial alterations in the cardiac innervation system, specifically between the internodal pathways between the sinus node and the atrioventricular node. These bradyarrhythmias represent 2.3% of cardiac alterations in intrauterine life, registering one case for every 20 000 to 25 000 live births. Read More

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Symptoms of COVID-19 in children.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2022 13;55:e12038. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Universitário Ministro Petrônio Portella, Teresina, PI, Brasil.

The aim of this study was to review the symptomatic manifestations of COVID-19 in children in the scientific literature. An integrative review of studies published between December 2019 and September 5, 2021, from the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Web of Science, Scopus, Literatura Latino-Americana em Ciência de Saúde, and Base de Dados de Enfermagem databases, was carried out to answer the following research question: What symptomatic manifestations does COVID-19 cause in children?". Twenty articles were included. Read More

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[Pituitary apoplexy in pediatric patients: systematic review].

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2022 06 6;79(2):141-145. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Universidad de Cartagena.

Introduction: Necrosis or hemorrhage associated with pituitary tumors is an infrequent complication. The term pituitary apoplexy is related to the development of an inflammatory process that leads to irritation of the meningeal and periselar areas. Regardless of the mechanism (hemorrhage or infarction), the extent of the hemorrhage and necrosis will produce an increase in intraselar pressure which, in turn, will lead to a more or less pronounced compression of neighboring structures, thus explaining the broad spectrum clinical. Read More

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CGRP and PACAP-38 play an important role in diagnosing pediatric migraine.

J Headache Pain 2022 Jun 13;23(1):68. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, No.107 West Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong Province, China.

Background: An increasing number of studies have suggested that the important role of vasoactive peptides, such as pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP-38) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), in the pathophysiology of migraine seems undeniable in adults, but studies in pediatric migraine patients remain scarce. We prospectively investigated CGRP and PACAP-38 plasma levels in children with migraine during ictal and interictal periods and compared the results between migraine patients with aura and without aura. We were the first to explore the diagnostic value of a combination of CGRP and PACAP-38. Read More

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Online e-learning during the COVID-19 lockdown in Trinidad and Tobago: prevalence and associated factors with ocular complaints among schoolchildren aged 11-19 years.

PeerJ 2022 6;10:e13334. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

African Vision Research Institute, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Natal, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: The increase in online learning during the pandemic has been linked to various ocular complaints. This study determined the prevalence and factors associated with ocular complaints among schoolchildren aged 12-19 years during the COVID-19 lockdown in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and May 2021, during the COVID-19 lockdown in T&T among secondary school students studying remotely. Read More

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Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis: One Disease, Variable Outcomes-A Case Series.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2022 Apr 11;13(2):339-342. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a rare form of widespread inflammation of the spinal cord causing T2 hyperintensity in spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) extending across three or more vertebral segments. It is an acute onset of sensory, motor, and autonomic dysfunction of variable etiology with a likely poor outcome. We present a case series of three cases wherein children between the ages of 4 and 13 years had diverse symptoms from gradual painless loss of vision in both eyes with headache, vomiting and seizure, and a normal central nervous system examination except involvement of the optic nerve to another child with abdominal pain, urinary retention and constipation for 3 days with exaggerated DTR, and patchy sensory loss without any definite sensory level, and to the third child with fever and weakness of lower limbs, hypotonia and grade 1-2/5 power in lower limbs and normal upper limb power. Read More

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Appropriateness of Head CT Scans at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2022 Mar;32(2):359-368

Department of Radiology, College of Health sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Overutilization of advanced diagnostic imaging modalities strains health care systems, especially in resource limited setups. The aim of this study is to identify magnitude of inappropriate Head Computed Tomography scans at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital.

Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Radiology department, among patients getting Head Computed Tomography examinations in the period of August 2018- November 2018. Read More

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