168,930 results match your criteria Head Injury


Nonlinear modeling and experimental verification of Gannet-inspired beam systems during diving.

Bioinspir Biomim 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Mechanical and Aerospace, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, UNITED STATES.

A nonlinear model is proposed to answer at which diving speeds and beak angles will cause injury to Gannet-inspired beam systems during plunge-diving. In doing so, the critical velocities at which buckling occurs with various types of boundary conditions are first obtained for vertical dives and the resulting forces at the point of impact are determined. The Gannet-inspired system is modeled as an Euler-Bernoulli beam to represent the neck and body of the Gannet, while the head of the Gannet is modeled as a cone with varying half-angles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/aaf98cDOI Listing
December 2018

Diagnostic value of serum glial fibrillary acidic protein and S100B serum levels in emergency medicine patients with traumatic versus nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage.

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Dec;21(12):1645-1650

Department of Medical Biology, Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey.

Background: Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is a brain-specific astroglial protein that is released into the blood soon after traumatic brain injury by mature astrocytes. S100B is rapidly released into the cerebrospinal fluid and bloodstream after brain damage. We compared the serum concentrations of these proteins in patients with severe head trauma (bleeding and/or fracture) or nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and healthy individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_431_17DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluation of a fluidised positioner to reduce occipital pressure injuries in intensive care patients: A pilot study.

Int Wound J 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Faculty of Health, School of Nursing, Queensland University of Technology and Intensive Care Services, Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

This pilot study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of a fluidised positioning device to reduce occipital pressure injuries (PIs). A post-test design with a historical control group was used in a 54-bed intensive care unit between September 2017 and August 2018. Patients who were receiving either extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, were mechanically ventilated, or had raised intracranial pressure (≥20) were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13051DOI Listing
December 2018

Short-Term Outcomes of Concussions in Major League Baseball: A Historical Cohort Study of Return to Play, Performance, Longevity, and Financial Impact.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 13;6(12):2325967118814238. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: The short-term outcomes of concussions within Major League Baseball (MLB) warrant further consideration beyond a medical standpoint given that performance, career, and financial data remain unknown. The perception of this injury directly affects decision making from the perspective of both player and franchise.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of concussion on MLB players by (1) establishing return-to-play (RTP) time after concussion; (2) comparing the career length and performance of players with concussion versus those who took nonmedical leave; and (3) analyzing player financial impact after concussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118814238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293475PMC
December 2018

Effect of Playing and Training at Altitude on Concussion Incidence in Professional Football.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 7;6(12):2325967118794928. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Despite the increased attention to sports-related concussion, the literature lacks information about the environmental factors that contribute to concussion incidence. Previous investigators have noted a decreased rate of concussion in football games played at higher altitude.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the protective effects of altitude on concussion rate, as described by previous investigators, were due to acute effects of altitude exposure or chronic adaptations to training at altitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118794928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293377PMC
December 2018

A Rare Penetrating Trauma of Both Orbit and Nasal Cavity.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov;30(101):365-367

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Introduction: Diagnosis of orbital foreign body (FB) penetration is usually obvious when part of the FB is still attached at the entry wound (1). However, the depth and course of the FB in this case was not visible.

Case Report: A 5-year old female presented with a pencil penetrating the left orbit. Read More

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November 2018

Feasibility Assessment of Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Laser Labeling in Middle Cranial Fossa Approach.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov;30(101):321-327

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Introduction: Different approaches have been developed to find the position of the internal auditory canal (IAC) in middle cranial fossa approach. A feasibility study was performed to investigate the combination of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and laser ablation to assist a surgeon in a middle cranial fossa approach by outlining the internal auditory canal (IAC).

Materials And Methods: A combined OCT laser setup was used to outline the position of IAC on the surface of the petrous bone in cadaveric semi-heads. Read More

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November 2018

Age and Number of Surgeries Increase Risk for Complications in Polytrauma Patients with Operative Maxillofacial Fractures.

World J Plast Surg 2018 Sep;7(3):307-313

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine; Orange, CA, USA.

Background: Poly-trauma patients often sustain complex head/neck injuries requiring prolonged hospitalizations and multiple operations. Few studies have evaluated the associated injury patterns and risk factors for poor clinical outcomes.

Methods: Consecutive poly-trauma patients with operative maxillofacial fractures treated at a level 1 trauma medical center between 1995 and 2013 were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/wjps.7.3.307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290318PMC
September 2018

S100B Serum Level as a Mortality Predictor for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-Analysis.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Nov 15;6(11):2239-2244. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia.

Background: The pathogenesis of inflammatory neuronal cell damage will continue after traumatic brain injury in which contributed to subsequent mortality. Serum S100B levels were shown to be an early predictor of mortality due to traumatic brain injury.

Aim: This Meta-Analysis will analyse the mean and diagnostic strength of serum S100B levels between survived and died subjects with head injuries based on the various follow-up times of nine studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290435PMC
November 2018

The Effects of Filgrastim on Complications of Patients with Cerebral Hemorrhage Due To Head Trauma.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Nov 8;6(11):2030-2034. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Background: Filgrastim, a neopogen brand, is a blood-forming agent and a natural protein in the body that plays a role in stimulating the growth of white blood cells and protecting them against infectious agents. To the best of knowledge, human and animal specimens have shown the effect of Filgrastim on treating brain injuries regarding bone marrow transfusion into the blood, neuroprotection, stimulation of neurons for forming new neural networks and reducing the risk of bacterial infections.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Filgrastim on the prognosis of a cerebral haemorrhage in patients with traumatic brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290401PMC
November 2018

Turmeric Extract Supplementation Reduces Tau Protein Level in Repetitive Traumatic Brain Injury Model.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Nov 8;6(11):1953-1958. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic, Medical Faculty Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.

Background: Repetitive traumatic brain injury (RTBI) has gained much attention in this decade, especially in contact sports athletes and military personals. This injury is correlated with early neurodegenerative changes that are marked with the increased of tau protein. Turmeric extract (TE) is a well-known anti-inflammation and antioxidant that decreases tau protein expression in neurodegenerative disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290398PMC
November 2018

Pediatric Complex Metacarpophalangeal Joint Dislocation of the Index Finger.

Ochsner J 2018 ;18(4):398-401

Department of Orthopedics, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA.

Background: Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint dislocations are the result of a hyperextension injury. Complex MCP joint dislocations-those that are irreducible to closed maneuvers and require surgical intervention-are considered uncommon, even in the pediatric population. Although several structures have been identified that contribute to irreducible dislocations, the volar plate is the most significant barrier to reduction through interposition into the MCP joint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31486/toj.18.0032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292477PMC
January 2018

Is repeat head CT necessary in patients with mild traumatic intracranial hemorrhage.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, United States of America; Harvard Affiliated Emergency Medicine Residency, Boston, MA 02114, United States of America.

Background: Patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (TIH) frequently receive repeat head CT scans (RHCT) to assess for progression of TIH. The utility of this practice has been brought into question, with some studies suggesting that in the absence of progressive neurologic symptoms, the RHCT does not lead to clinical interventions.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of consecutive patients with CT-documented TIH and GCS ≥ 13 presenting to an academic emergency department from 2009 to 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.12.012DOI Listing
December 2018

Binge Drinking's Effects on the Body.

Alcohol Res 2018 ;39(1):99-109

Patricia E. Molina, M.D., Ph.D., is the Richard Ashman, Ph.D., Professor; head of the Department of Physiology; and director of the Comprehensive Alcohol-HIV/AIDS Research Center and the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. Steve Nelson, M.D., is the John H. Seabury Professor of Medicine and the dean of the School of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Studies have focused on the effects of chronic alcohol consumption and the mechanisms of tissue injury underlying alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis, with less focus on the pathophysiological consequences of binge alcohol consumption. Alcohol binge drinking prevalence continues to rise, particularly among individuals ages 18 to 24. However, it is also frequent in individuals ages 65 and older. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Audit of Paediatric Head Injury in University Hospital Kerry

Ir Med J 2018 Oct 11;111(9):828. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Letterkenny General Hospital, Ireland

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October 2018

Quantitative susceptibility mapping detects neovascularization of the epiphyseal cartilage after ischemic injury in a piglet model of legg-calvé-perthes disease.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is a childhood hip disorder thought to be caused by disruption of blood supply to the developing femoral head. There is potential for imaging to help assess revascularization of the femoral head.

Purpose: To investigate whether quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) can detect neovascularization in the epiphyseal cartilage following ischemic injury to the developing femoral head. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26552DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The burden of hospitalized sports-related injuries in children: an Australian population-based study, 2005-2013.

Inj Epidemiol 2018 Dec 17;5(1):45. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Child Population and Translational Health Research, The Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Level 2 The Hub, Charles Perkins Centre D17, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: There is concern about recent increase and severity of sports-related injuries in children. Despite the benefits of sports participation, injuries may carry long-term health consequences. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics and types of hospitalized sports-related injuries in children. Read More

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https://injepijournal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s406
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40621-018-0175-6DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The medical and social outcome in 2016 of infants who were victims of shaken baby syndrome between 2005 and 2013.

Arch Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Service de médecine infantile et de spécialité pédiatriques (children's medical department and pediatric specialties), CHU Timone enfants, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille cedex 5, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: There are few studies that have investigated the long-term outcome of children who have been victims of shaken baby syndrome (SBS). However, the consequences appear to be significant and the data available from a social point of view are scarce. The main objective of this study was to define the medical and social outcome in 2016 of the infants who were victims of SBS and admitted to one of the Marseille university hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Toxic tau: The TAU gene polymorphisms associate with concussion history in rugby union players.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Jan 21;22(1):22-28. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Objectives: Concussion is a brain injury that occurs when biomechanical forces are transmitted to the head region resulting in neurological deficits. The accumulation of tau protein in autopsies of athletes with multiple concussions implicates tau in concussion-associated neurodegeneration. The TAU rs2435211 (C>T) and rs2435200 (G>A) polymorphisms are involved in pathological tau expression and neurodegenerative disease risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.06.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Histological dating of subdural hematoma in infants.

Int J Legal Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Forensic Department, APHM, La Timone, 264 rue St Pierre, 13385, Marseille, Cedex 05, France.

Background: After infant deaths due to non-accidental head injury (NAHI) with subdural hematoma (SDH), the magistrates ask experts to date the traumatic event. To do so, the expert only has tools based on adult series of NAHI. We aimed to develop an SDH dating system applicable to infants aged under 3 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-018-1980-8DOI Listing
December 2018

Perineal prevention and protection in obstetrics: CNGOF Clinical Practice Guidelines.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Obs/Gyn, Epidemiologist. INSERM CIC1402, Université de Poitiers, CHU de Poitiers, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms.

Material And Methods: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS).

Results: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24687847183051
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Pathoanatomy of Maisonneuve fracture based on radiologic and CT examination.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Military University Hospital Prague, U Vojenské Nemocnice 1200, 169 02, Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Although Maisonneuve fracture (MF) is a well-known type of ankle fracture-dislocation, there is still a lack of information about the epidemiology and the extent of all associated injuries. The aim of study is to describe MF pathoanatomy on the basis of radiographs, CT scans and intraoperative findings.

Materials And Methods: The study comprised 54 adult patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-3099-2DOI Listing
December 2018

Estimating the probability of abusive head trauma after abuse evaluation.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 11;88:266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, United States.

Background: Evidence-based, patient-specific estimates of abusive head trauma probability can inform physicians' decisions to evaluate, confirm, exclude, and/or report suspected child abuse.

Objective: To derive a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma that incorporates the (positive or negative) predictive contributions of patients' completed skeletal surveys and retinal exams.

Participants And Setting: 500 acutely head-injured children under three years of age hospitalized for intensive care at one of 18 sites between 2010 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.015DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1810-1812

Department of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University.

To evaluate the effect of the application of functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors and the prevention of Frey syndrome. One hundred and fifty-six cases with benign tumor were underwent functional regional parotidectomy. All tumors were smaller than 4 cm in diameter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.23.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

[The application value of suppression head impulse paradigm in vestibular neuritis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1374-1377

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China.

To study the parameters of the suppression head impulse paradigm of vestibular neuritis and explore the application value of suppression head impulse paradigm in vestibular neuritis.Twenty patients with vestibular neuritis in our outpatient clinic were selected. The HIMP and SHIMP gain of unilateral vestibular neuritis patients were detected by video pulse detector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.18.003DOI Listing
September 2018

[The progress of clinical research on the causes and treatments of pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis].

Authors:
J H Lin Z F Xia

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1114-1119

Pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis is a refractory disease in the present otorhinolaryngological head and neck surgery, including congenital stenosis caused by laryngotracheal deformities and acquired stenosis. The incidence of congenital laryngotracheal malformation has a rising trend.But acquired stenosis is still more common,which is mostly caused by iatrogenic injury (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.14.019DOI Listing

Evaluation and Predictors for Nasogastric Tube Associated Pressure Ulcers in Critically Ill Patients.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):731-736

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Nasal device-related pressure ulcers are scarcely addressed in the literature.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence and severity of cutaneous and mucosal nasogastric tube (NGT)-associated pressure ulcers (PU) in critically ill patients and to define predictors for their formation.

Methods: A single center observational study of intensive care unit patients with a NGT for more than 48 hours was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Veterinary-focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure: a prospective observational study in 64 canine trauma patients.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Lodi's ICU and Sub ICU Head, ASST Lodi 26900, Italy.

Objective: To describe the technique and findings of the 'veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure' protocol in dogs suffering from trauma.

Materials And Methods: Prospective observational study on a new point-of-care ultrasound protocol on 64 dogs suffering from trauma and comparison of findings with radiology.

Results: Comparison of the results of this new ultrasound protocol for trauma patients with radiography findings for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, alveolar-interstitial syndrome and abdominal effusion revealed positive agreement of 89, 83, 100 and 87% and negative agreement of 76, 83, 76 and 92%, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12968DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Behavioral and endocrine correlates of dominance in captive female Jackson's hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus).

Zoo Biol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia.

For species that form dominance hierarchies, such as group-living ungulates, aggressive interactions can pose a challenge to successful captive management. For example, Jackson's hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), a rare antelope of east Africa, can be difficult to maintain in captivity because aggression within female dominance hierarchies can lead to injury and death. We quantified behavioral and endocrine correlates of dominance in a captive herd of ten female hartebeest with the goal of understanding how to minimize dangerous interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21462DOI Listing
December 2018

Impact of Balloon Diameter on Dilation Outcomes in a Model of Rabbit Subglottic Stenosis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

the Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.

Objective: To determine the appropriate balloon size for dilation using a previously described reproducible survival animal model of subglottic stenosis.

Study Design: Prospective animal study.

Methods: We conducted a prospective study including 16 New Zealand White rabbits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27574DOI Listing
December 2018
2.032 Impact Factor

The assessment, incidence and factors associated with urinary incontinence in older Aboriginal Australians.

Intern Med J 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Aged Care, Melbourne Health and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Little is known about urinary incontinence in older Aboriginal Australians.

Aim: To describe urinary incontinence assessment, prevalence, incidence, and associated conditions in older Aboriginal Australians.

Methods: Wave 1 consisted of 363 Aboriginal participants aged ≥45 years from Western Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14192DOI Listing
December 2018

The role of polysomnography in decannulation of children with brain and spinal cord injuries.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: The objective of this retrospective review was to determine the utility of polysomnography (PSG) in influencing the decision to decannulate pediatric patients with brain and spinal cord injuries in an inpatient rehabilitation hospital setting.

Methods: Between 2010 and 2016, data were collected on pediatric patients with brain and/or spinal cord injuries who had PSG performed with the goal of decannulation. Patients underwent a decannulation protocol involving toleration of continuous tracheostomy capping and bedside tracheoscopy by otolaryngology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24208DOI Listing
December 2018

A Comparative Analysis of the Injury Patterns and In-Hospital Mortality Rates of Belted and Unbelted Motor-Vehicle Occupants - Puerto Rico, January 2000 to December 2014.

P R Health Sci J 2018 Diciembre;37(4):213-219

Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital, Puerto Rico Medical Center, San Juan, PR; Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR.

Objective: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) constitute a leading source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Seatbelt use has been associated with reduced mortality in MVCs. In Puerto Rico, the impact of seatbelt use on MVC deaths has not been evaluated, although they represent a major public health threat. Read More

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December 2018

Risk factor of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in trauma patients: A retrospective analysis using Korean trauma database.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13150

Department of Trauma Surgery, Ujeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a comorbid condition prevalent in patients recovering from trauma. Due to the paucity of studies investigating the etiology of this condition, the present study sought to analyze the high-risk group of BPPV patients following trauma.Trauma patients visiting the emergency department from January to December 2016 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013150DOI Listing
December 2018

Association of time to craniectomy with survival in patients with severe combat-related brain injury.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E2

OBJECTIVEIn combat and austere environments, evacuation to a location with neurosurgery capability is challenging. A planning target in terms of time to neurosurgery is paramount to inform prepositioning of neurosurgical and transport resources to support a population at risk. This study sought to examine the association of wait time to craniectomy with mortality in patients with severe combat-related brain injury who received decompressive craniectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18404DOI Listing
December 2018

The shipboard Beirut terrorist bombing experience: a historical account and recommendations for preparedness in events of mass neurological injuries.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E18

On a Sunday morning at 06:22 on October 23, 1983, in Beirut, Lebanon, a semitrailer filled with TNT sped through the guarded barrier into the ground floor of the Civilian Aviation Authority and exploded, killing and wounding US Marines from the 1st Battalion 8th Regiment (2nd Division), as well as the battalion surgeon and deployed corpsmen. The truck bomb explosion, estimated to be the equivalent of 21,000 lbs of TNT, and regarded as the largest nonnuclear explosion since World War II, caused what was then the most lethal single-day death toll for the US Marine Corps since the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. Considerable neurological injury resulted from the bombing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18390DOI Listing
December 2018

Acute neurosurgical management of traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury in French armed forces during deployment.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E9

This article aims to describe the French concept regarding combat casualty neurosurgical care from the theater of operations to a homeland hospital. French military neurosurgeons are not routinely deployed to all combat zones. As a consequence, general surgeons initially treat neurosurgical wounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18368DOI Listing
December 2018

Two-year mortality and functional outcomes in combat-related penetrating brain injury: battlefield through rehabilitation.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E4

OBJECTIVEThere are limited data concerning the long-term functional outcomes of patients with penetrating brain injury. Reports from civilian cohorts are small because of the high reported mortality rates (as high as 90%). Data from military populations suggest a better prognosis for penetrating brain injury, but previous reports are hampered by analyses that exclude the point of injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18359DOI Listing
December 2018

Development of injury risk models to guide CT evaluation in the emergency department after motor vehicle collisions.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

c Department of Public Health , University of Virginia , Charlottesville , Virigina.

Objective: The clinical evaluation of motor vehicle collision (MVC) victims is challenging and commonly relies on computed tomography (CT) to detect internal injuries. CT scans are financially expensive and each scan exposes the patient to additional ionizing radiation with an associated, albeit low, risk of cancer. Injury risk prediction based on regression modeling has been to be shown to be successful in estimating Injury Severity Scores (ISSs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1543872DOI Listing
December 2018

Association Between Conventional Bicycle Helmet Use and Facial Injuries After Bicycle Crashes.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Bicycling is an increasingly common activity in the United States that is often associated with fall injuries to the head and face. Although helmets lessen head injury, their role in reducing facial injuries is less clear; therefore, it is important to understand the protective capacity for the face in current helmet design.

Objective: To estimate the conventional bicycle helmet's association with the rate of facial injury after bicycle crashes. Read More

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http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3351DOI Listing
December 2018
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Evaluation of Hybrid III and THOR-M neck kinetics and injury risk under various restraint conditions during full-scale frontal sled tests.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 13:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

a Virginia Tech, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics , Center for Injury Biomechanics , Blacksburg , Virginia.

Objective: The objective of this research was to compare the kinetics and predicted injury risks of the Hybrid III (HIII) and Test device for Human Occupant Restraint (THOR)-M necks during full-scale frontal sled tests under 3 safety restraint conditions: knee bolster (KB), knee bolster and steering wheel airbag (KB/SWAB), and knee bolster airbag and steering wheel airbag (KBAB/SWAB).

Methods: Twelve sled tests were performed for the HIII and THOR-M, and 8 matched sled tests were performed using postmortem human surrogates (PMHSs). The tests were designed to match the 2012 Toyota Camry New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) full-scale crash test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1524141DOI Listing
December 2018

The Temporal Relationship of Mental Health Problems and Functional Limitations Following mTBI: A TRACK-TBI Study.

J Neurotrauma 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

San Francisco, California, United States ;

Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety are often associated with functional limitations following traumatic brain injury (TBI), prompting researchers to explore which of these TBI-related sequelae tends to precede the other. Past studies among patients with injuries ranging in severity have predominantly reported that functional impairments predict subsequent psychological concerns, rather than the other way around; however, it remains unclear whether this directionality holds for individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The present study utilized a cross-lagged panel design within a structural equation modeling analytical framework to explore the longitudinal relationships of symptoms of depression and anxiety to functional status among 717 adult mTBI patients, with assessments occurring at 2 weeks and 3 months post-injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.6172DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluation of PECAM-1 and p38 MAPK expressions in cerebellum tissue of rats treated with caffeic acid phenethyl ester: A biochemical and immunohistochemical study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

This study aimed to investigate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on damage caused to cerebellum tissue by diffuse traumatic head trauma via biochemical, histopathologic, and immuno-histochemical methods. Male Sprague-Dawley (300-350g) rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury with a weight-drop device (300 g-1 m weight-height impact). Twenty-four adult rats were randomly divided into three equal groups of 8, including a control group, traumatic brain injury (TBI) group, and TBI+CAPE treatment group (10μmol/kg/i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2018.0085DOI Listing
December 2018

Anatomical variations of anterior ethmoidal artery and their significance in endoscopic sinus surgery: a systematic review.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.

Purpose: Anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is at risk of injury in endoscopic sinus surgery due to its location. The aim of this review was to assess the anatomical variations of AEA and their significance.

Methods: A literature search was performed on PUBMED, SCOPUS AND EMBASE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2165-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Hearing Restoration with Cochlear Implantation in Patients Deafened after Blunt Head Trauma.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Warsaw, Medical, Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the outcomes of cochlear implantation in patients deafened following blunt head trauma.

Material And Methods: Retrospective case series review of seven patients post-lingually deafened following blunt head trauma and aided with cochlear implants. The following data were analyzed: Cause of injury, computed tomography results, surgical information, intra- and post-implantation complications, audiometric and speech perception assessment, processor mapping, and data from follow-up appointments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2018.5779DOI Listing
December 2018

Neuroprotective effects of gallic acid in a rat model of traumatic brain injury: behavioral, electrophysiological, and molecular studies.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2018 Oct;21(10):1056-1063

Neuroscience Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of intellectual and cognitive disabilities. Clinically, it is essential to limit the development of cognitive impairment after TBI. In the present study, the neuroprotective effects of gallic acid (GA) on neurological score, memory, long-term potentiation (LTP) from hippocampal dentate gyrus (hDG), brain lipid peroxidation and cytokines after TBI were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/IJBMS.2018.29639.7165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281072PMC
October 2018

Predictors of Change in Functional Outcome at six months and twelve months after Severe Injury: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

World J Emerg Surg 2018 3;13:57. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

7General and Trauma Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: There is increasing focus on long-term survival, function and quality-of-life for trauma patients. There are few studies tracking longitudinal changes in functional outcome over time. The goal of our study was to compare the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE) at 6 months and 12 months in blunt trauma survivors with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of more than 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-018-0217-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276158PMC
December 2018
1.062 Impact Factor

Pericytes in the Human Vocal Fold Mucosa.

Authors:
Kiminori Sato

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1109:79-93

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

1. The human vocal fold is a vibrating tissue and vascular structures in organs which have the capacity to vibrate require a specific structure suitable for vibration. 2. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-030-02601-1_7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02601-1_7DOI Listing
January 2018
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Correction to: The Use of Sideline Video Review to Facilitate Management Decisions Following Head Trauma in Super Rugby.

Sports Med Open 2018 Dec 7;4(1):54. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Melbourne Brain Centre, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.

In the original article [1] reference was made to the Hawk-Eye system having been used as the sideline operating system during the 2015 season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40798-018-0171-yDOI Listing
December 2018

Objective Evaluation of Whole Body Kinematics in a Simulated, Restrained Frontal Impact.

Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University Center for Injury Biomechanics, 575 N Patterson Ave, Biotech Place, Suite 120, Winston Salem, NC, 27101, USA.

The use of human body models as an additional data point in the evaluation of human-machine interaction requires quantitative validation. In this study a validation of the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) average male occupant model (M50-O v. 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10439-018-02180-2DOI Listing
December 2018