180,460 results match your criteria Head Injury


Evaluation of Blunt Force Trauma for Culling of Neonatal Piglets On-Farm.

J Anim Sci 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Embrapa Suínos e Aves, Concórdia, Brazil.

Twenty-seven neonate piglets (range from 0.35 to 1.17 kg) were evaluated for the effectiveness of blunt force trauma as a method of on-farm cull. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa204DOI Listing

Surgical outcomes in traumatic brain injuries with bilateral mass occupying lesions. Analysis of prognostic factors.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 Jun 20;196:106017. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560029, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Traumatic brain injury is a silent epidemic with major impacts on national productivity as it affects the economically productive age group. Bilateral injuries are usually severe with no clearly defined predictors of outcome as per current available literature.

Methods: We retrospectively assessed 102 consecutive cases of post traumatic intracranial mass lesions operated bilaterally, either simultaneously or sequentially, between January 2011 and April 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106017DOI Listing

Characterizing Early Inpatient Death After Trauma.

J Surg Res 2020 Jun 30;255:405-410. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: There is a paucity of data to predict early death or futility after trauma. The objective of this study was to characterize the laboratory values, blood product administration, and hospital disposition for patients with trauma who died within 72 h of admission.

Methods: All deaths within 72 h of admission over a 5-y period at a level I trauma center were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.05.083DOI Listing

Minimally invasive techniques in rhinoplasty.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

ENT- Department of the Cantonal Hospital in St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Purpose Of Review: To present criteria of minimally invasive surgery, which include minimal and hidden incision lines, reduced injury to tissue and application of endoscopic techniques, when feasible; to analyze techniques in rhinoplasty for their minimally invasive character - in light of recent publications; and to discuss the techniques that best meet the criteria of minimally invasive surgery.

Recent Findings: The nose consists of about 60 percent soft tissue and 40 percent skeletal elements. Surgery causes injury to both tissue types through various mechanisms, including mechanical traction, separation, incision, heat, desiccation, and others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000639DOI Listing

Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome Following Carotid Endarterectomy: A Case Report.

Neurologist 2020 Jul;25(4):104-105

Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, PA.

Introduction: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a cerebrovascular disorder associated with multifocal intracranial arterial constriction and dilation that occurs spontaneously or as a result of a stimulant. The authors present a case of RCVS in a patient who presented with a new-onset thunderclap headache a day after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). RCVS has been rarely reported after CEA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0000000000000280DOI Listing

Patient Reported Outcomes of Femoral Head Fractures With Minimum 10-Year Follow-up.

J Orthop Trauma 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical and patient-reported outcomes of patients with femoral head fractures treated at a single level I trauma center with a minimum 10-year follow-up.

Design: Retrospective review SETTING:: Academic Level-1 Trauma Center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: One hundred and one consecutive femoral head fractures were identified for this study. The final study group consisted of 28 patients with a minimum of 10-years of clinical follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001880DOI Listing

Protecting prone positioned patients from facial pressure ulcers using prophylactic dressings: A timely biomechanical analysis in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Int Wound J 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Prone positioning is used for surgical access and recently in exponentially growing numbers of coronavirus disease 2019 patients who are ventilated prone. To reduce their facial pressure ulcer risk, prophylactic dressings can be used; however, the biomechanical efficacy of this intervention has not been studied yet. We, therefore, evaluated facial soft tissue exposures to sustained mechanical loads in a prone position, with versus without multi-layered silicone foam dressings applied as tissue protectors at the forehead and chin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13435DOI Listing

Trends in parotidectomy over 30 years in an Australian tertiary care center.

Head Neck 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Head and Neck Oncology, Sydney Head and Neck Cancer Institute, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Nomenclature, classification, and management of parotid tumors are constantly evolving; this study was performed to identify temporal trends in histology and facial nerve sacrifice in parotidectomy during a 30-year period (1987-2018).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients treated in a single tertiary-care institution during this time period was performed with analysis of temporal trends.

Results: Two thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven parotidectomies were performed; pleomorphic adenoma was the most common histology (34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.26335DOI Listing

Supraspinatus Muscle Tendon Lesion and Its Relationship with Long Head of the Biceps Lesion.

Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020 Jun 27;55(3):329-338. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Centro de Traumatologia do Esporte (CETE), Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

 To identify the clinical, radiological, and arthroscopic correlation of long head of the biceps tendon injuries and their influence on pain when associated with rotator cuff injuries.  Between April and December 2013, 50 patients were evaluated, including 38 (76%) women and 12 (24%) men, with a mean age of 65.1 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3402472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316548PMC

Extremely preterm children exhibit altered cortical thickness in language areas.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 2;10(1):10824. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Neurosciences and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Children born extremely preterm (< 28 weeks gestation, EPT) are at increased risk for language and other neurocognitive deficits compared to term controls (TC). Prior studies have reported both increases and decreases in cortical thickness in EPT across the cerebrum. These studies have not formally normalized for intracranial volume (ICV), which is especially important as EPT children often have smaller stature, head size, and ICV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67662-7DOI Listing

Incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in nursery schools and kindergartens in Japan.

J Cardiol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Division of Environmental Medicine and Population Sciences, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

Background: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in nursery schools and kindergartens is indispensable to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and improved outcomes. This study aimed to describe the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in certified nursery schools and kindergartens.

Methods: Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a study to construct and analyze a nationwide registry of pediatric OHCAs occurring in school settings in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Factors associated with tracheostomy decannulation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Brain Inj 2020 Jul 2:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Section of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology, Program in Trauma, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine , Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: To assess variables associated with decannulation in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Participants: 79 patients with TBI requiring tracheostomy and ICU admission from January 1 to December 31, 2014.

Design: Retrospective analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2020.1786601DOI Listing

Shame, self-discrepancies, and adjustment after acquired brain injury.

Brain Inj 2020 Jul 2:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust , York, UK.

Objectives: To explore the relationship between shame and self-discrepancies and the extent that these factors predict adjustment after an acquired brain injury (ABI).

Method: 62 participants with an ABI completed the following self-report qualitative questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Quality of Life after Brain Injury Scale, the Internalized Shame Scale, and the Head Injury Semantic Differential Scale - III. Data was analyzed using correlations, repeated ANOVA, and multiple regression models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2020.1776395DOI Listing

[Injuries among Sapienza University students].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2020 Mar;42(1):11-15

Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie Infettive, Sapienza Università di Roma.

Summary: Background. The phenomenon of accidents during the university course is a public health problem. Students spend a lot of time at university and in structure for training. Read More

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Mapping clinical outcomes to generic preference-based outcome measures: development and comparison of methods.

Health Technol Assess 2020 Jun;24(34):1-68

Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK.

Background: Cost-effectiveness analysis using quality-adjusted life-years as the measure of health benefit is commonly used to aid decision-makers. Clinical studies often do not include preference-based measures that allow the calculation of quality-adjusted life-years, or the data are insufficient. 'Mapping' can bridge this evidence gap; it entails estimating the relationship between outcomes measured in clinical studies and the required preference-based measures using a different data set. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3310/hta24340DOI Listing

Computed tomography estimation of the prevalence of neuro-ophthalmic injuries in head trauma patients seen in a tertiary health facility in Ghana.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 20;6(6):e04200. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

P.M.B University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Introduction: Prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is extremely high and potentially associated with severe incapacitating consequences. Literature reports that 90% of road traffic deaths and injuries including TBI occur in low and middle-income countries including Ghana. Computed Tomography (CT) scan is the imaging modality of choice for the initial assessment of the extent of head injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322250PMC

Dynamic neural and glial responses of a head-specific model for traumatic brain injury in .

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104;

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the strongest environmental risk factor for the accelerated development of neurodegenerative diseases. There are currently no therapeutics to address this due to lack of insight into mechanisms of injury progression, which are challenging to study in mammalian models. Here, we have developed and extensively characterized a head-specific approach to TBI in , a powerful genetic system that shares many conserved genes and pathways with humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2003909117DOI Listing

Fyn kinase inhibition reduces protein aggregation, increases synapse density and improves memory in transgenic and traumatic Tauopathy.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2020 Jul 1;8(1):96. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Departments of Neurology and of Neuroscience, Program in Cellular Neuroscience, Neurodegeneration, Repair, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06536, USA.

Accumulation of misfolded phosphorylated Tau (Tauopathy) can be triggered by mutations or by trauma, and is associated with synapse loss, gliosis, neurodegeneration and memory deficits. Fyn kinase physically associates with Tau and regulates subcellular distribution. Here, we assessed whether pharmacological Fyn inhibition alters Tauopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-020-00976-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329553PMC

Lactate-free AARC ACLF Score (LaFAS) - A Simple Userfriendly Score is the Best Prognostic Marker for Patients with Alcohol Induced ACLF in Western Indian Population in a Nontransplant Resource-limited Setting.

J Assoc Physicians India 2020 May;68(5):34-38

Professor and Head, Department of Gastroenterology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital and Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Introduction: Acute-on-Chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a disease with a distinct spectrum of liver injury, with a rapid downhill course Here we describe three new scores - Albumin Bilirubin Index (ALBI), platelet albumin bilirubin index (PALBI) and Lactate-free AARC ACLF score(LaFAS), in predicting short-term mortality in patients with alcohol induced ACLF when compared to standard validated scores.

Methods: Consecutive patients diagnosed as alcohol induced ACLF as per the APASL 2014 definition were included in the study. Standard scores - MELD, MELD-Na, Maddreys' discriminant function, CLIF-OF and CLIF-C ACLF scores, APACHE II, ALBI, PALBI and LaFAS were calculated. Read More

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[Early experience of minimal invasive surgery for adolescent with pancreatic head tumor: a report of 15 cases].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jul;58(7):512-515

Department of Gastroenterology and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Province People's Hospital, Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To summarize the characteristics and difficulties of minimal invasive surgery for adolescent with pancreatic head tumor. The data of adolescent younger than 28 years old with pancreatic head tumor treated at Department of Gastroenterology and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Province People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Fifteen cases were enrolled, included 5 males and 10 females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112139-20200211-00077DOI Listing

[Stapediovestibular dislocation caused by penetrating tympanic membrane injury: a case report].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):623-626

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn115330-20190930-0611DOI Listing

[The optimal approach to severe facial trauma following a horse's kick].

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 2020 May;127(5):287-291

A 15-year-old girl was brought to the emergency department of a hospital by ambulance with extensive facial trauma following a horse's kick. The considerable impact resulted in a combination of injuries to the bone, teeth and soft tissue. Following the transfer from the ambulance, the AE physician immediately consulted an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5177/ntvt.2020.05.20010DOI Listing

[Orbital fractures: enigmatic and insidious entities].

Authors:
Paolo Scolozzi

Rev Med Suisse 2020 Jul;16(699):1281-1286

Service de chirurgie maxillo-faciale et de chirurgie buccale, Département de chirurgie, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

Orbital fractures are frequent and can result in severe complications (visual impairment, diplopia and enophthalmos). Their management is challenging and remains controversial. Whereas immediate surgery is clearly indicated in children with trapdoor fractures associated with annoying diplopia and observational management is indicated in cases with no diplopia, a grey zone of therapy decisions concern a significant portion of cases. Read More

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Time Course of Hemostatic Disruptions After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Neurocrit Care 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Almost two-thirds of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) develop some form of hemostatic disturbance, which contributes to poor outcome. While the initial head injury often leads to impaired clot formation, TBI is also associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. Most likely there is a progression from early bleeding to a later prothrombotic state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-020-01037-8DOI Listing

Predictive Modeling of Pressure Injury Risk in Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit.

Am J Crit Care 2020 Jul;29(4):e70-e80

María José Cabañero-Martínez is an associate professor, Nursing Department, University of Alicante, Spain.

Background: Pressure injuries are an important problem in hospital care. Detecting the population at risk for pressure injuries is the first step in any preventive strategy. Available tools such as the Norton and Braden scales do not take into account all of the relevant risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2020237DOI Listing

Relief of Secondary Headaches with High Thoracic Erector Spinae Plane Block.

Local Reg Anesth 2020 22;13:49-55. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Regional Anesthesiology and Acute Pain Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, McGovern Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Intractable headaches can be debilitating, often leading to significant distress, prolonged medical treatment, and unanticipated hospital admissions. There have been significant advances in the treatment of primary intractable headaches such as migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches beyond medical management. Treatments may now include interventional strategies such as trigger-point injections, peripheral nerve stimulators, or peripheral nerve and ganglion blocks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/LRA.S249250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319503PMC

[HYpertension due to sympathetic hyperactivity after severe head injury].

Hipertens Riesgo Vasc 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Nefrología, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, Universidad de Málaga, Instituto Biomédico de Investigación de Málaga (IBIMA), REDinREN (RD16/0009/0006), Málaga, España.

We present the case of a 34-year-old patient with severe head trauma and severe brain involvement. The patient deteriorated progressively and required several reinterventions for bleeding and brain herniation. We were consulted by neurosurgery due to irregular blood pressure control despite treatment with calcium antagonists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hipert.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Two trajectories of functional recovery in thyroid surgery-related unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Surgery 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Iatrogenic unilateral vocal fold paralysis caused by thyroid surgery induces profound physical and psychosocial distress in patients. The natural course of functional recovery over time differs substantially across subjects, but the mechanisms underlying this difference remain unclear. In this study, we examined whether the anatomic site of the lesion affected the trajectory of recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2020.04.042DOI Listing

Development of an enhanced acute care surgery service in response to the COVID-19 global pandemic.

Injury 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Division of Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Singapore General Hospital and National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singhealth Duke-NUS Head and Neck Centre, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the world, healthcare departments must adapt to meet the challenges of service provision and staff/patient protection. Unlike elective surgery, acute care surgery (ACS) workloads cannot be artificially reduced providing a unique challenge for administrators to balance healthcare resources between the COVID-19 surge and regular patient admissions.

Methods: An enhanced ACS (eACS) model of care is described with the aim of limiting COVID-19 healthcare worker and patient cross-infection as well as providing 24/7 management of emergency general surgical (GS) and trauma patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.06.040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315164PMC

Musculotendinous Junction Injuries of the Proximal Biceps Femoris: A Prospective Study of 64 Patients Treated Surgically.

Am J Sports Med 2020 Jul;48(8):1974-1982

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Injuries to the hamstring complex most commonly involve the proximal musculotendinous junction of the long head of the biceps femoris (MTJ-BFlh). Nonoperative management of these injuries is associated with prolonged rehabilitation and high risk of recurrence. To our knowledge, the surgical management of acute MTJ-BFlh injuries has not been previously reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520926999DOI Listing

Dangers beyond drowning: craniomaxillofacial trauma in adult water activities.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, 923 Pennsylvania Ave, Fort Worth, TX, 76104, USA.

Purpose: Water recreation is one of the most popular activities for both fitness and leisure. The dangers of water activities have mostly been examined in the context of drowning and general bodily injuries. Despite the existing research, little is known about adult maxillofacial injuries in these settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-020-00869-0DOI Listing

Risk Factors for Failure of Nonoperative Treatment of Posterior Shoulder Labral Tears on Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Mil Med 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery United States Naval Academy, Naval Health Clinic Annapolis, 121 Blake Rd, Annapolis, MD 21402.

Introduction: There are no reports in the literature describing risk factors for failure of nonoperative treatment of patients with posterior labral tears on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for failure of nonoperative treatment in patients with an isolated posterior glenoid labral tear identified on MRI only. Patients with posterior labral tears on MRI who fail to improve with nonoperative treatment likely share a constellation of clinical history, physical exam, and radiographic findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa122DOI Listing

Free muscle flap coverage as last resort for therapy-resistant neuropathic pain in the upper extremity: A long-term retrospective follow-up study.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, UMCU, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Persistent neuropathic pain severely impacts physical functioning and quality of life (QoL). However, optimal surgical management of persistent neuropathic pain remains unclear. Extensive neurolysis with subsequent free muscle flap coverage, a new surgical procedure for neuropathic pain in the upper extremity, can be performed as a final option to establish pain reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2020.05.080DOI Listing

Protecting the blossoming brain - Neurocritical care in children.

Biomed J 2020 Jun 14. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

University of Copenhagen, BRIC Biotech Research & Innovation Centre, Anders Lund Group, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

This special issue of the Biomedical Journal is entirely dedicated to the latest updates regarding the medical efforts to preserve the fragile young brain after injury. Thereby, we learn about symptoms and diseases such as different forms of epilepsy, acute encephalopathy, increased intracranial pressure, and posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus, as well as about their origins, such as infection, autoimmune diseases, preterm birth, or abusive head trauma. Moreover, diagnosis and surveillance techniques are discussed, including ultrasound of the optic nerve sheath diameter and multimodal monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2020.06.005DOI Listing

The role of biceps loading and muscle activation on radial head stability in anterior Monteggia injuries: An in vitro biomechanical study.

J Hand Ther 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Roth-McFarlane Hand & Upper Limb Centre, St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario, Canada; Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Little evidence-based information is available to direct the optimal rehabilitation of patients with anterior Monteggia injuries.

Purpose Of The Study: The aims of this biomechanical investigation were to (1) quantify the effect of biceps loading and (2) to compare the effect of simulated active and passive elbow flexion on radial head stability in anterior Monteggia injuries.

Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2020.03.012DOI Listing

Cervical Spine Injury is Rare in Self-Inflicted Craniofacial Gunshot Wounds: An Institutional Review and Comparison to the US National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB).

Prehosp Disaster Med 2020 Jun 30:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Surgery, UNLV School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NevadaUSA.

Background: Cadaveric and older radiographic studies suggest that concurrent cervical spine fractures are rare in gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head. Despite this knowledge, patients with craniofacial GSWs often arrive with spinal motion restriction (SMR) in place. This study quantifies the incidence of cervical spine injuries in GSWs to the head, identified using computerized tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X20000771DOI Listing

Osteonecrosis of femoral head in young patients with femoral neck fracture: a retrospective study of 250 patients followed for average of 7.5 years.

J Orthop Surg Res 2020 Jun 29;15(1):238. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) after the treatment of femoral neck fracture in patients under 60 years old.

Methods: A total of 250 cases of femoral neck fracture treated at 3 hospitals in Xuzhou from January 2002 to January 2016 were studied. The patients were followed up for 1~15 years, and the clinical data on femoral head necrosis after the femoral neck operation were analysed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01724-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322831PMC

Quantitative Assessment of Surgical Ergonomics in Otolaryngology.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jun 30:194599820932851. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Objectives: Objective evaluation of the ergonomic risk of common otolaryngology procedures and assessment of work-related musculoskeletal pain and injury.

Study Design: Cross-sectional intraoperative assessment and survey.

Setting: Department of Otolaryngology at a tertiary children's hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820932851DOI Listing

Auditory Quality-of-Life Measures in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury and Normal Pure Tone Audiometry.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jun 30:194599820933886. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Auditory complaints are commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, few studies have examined patient-reported auditory symptomatology and quality-of-life metrics in individuals with TBI. We hypothesize that following TBI, individuals can experience auditory symptoms even with hearing thresholds in the normal range. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820933886DOI Listing

Increased severity of closed head injury or repetitive subconcussive head impacts enhances post-traumatic headache-like behaviors in a rat model.

Cephalalgia 2020 Jun 29:333102420937664. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Posttraumatic headache is one of the most common, debilitating, and difficult symptoms to manage after a traumatic head injury. The development of novel therapeutic approaches is nevertheless hampered by the paucity of preclinical models and poor understanding of the mechanisms underlying posttraumatic headache. To address these shortcomings, we previously characterized the development of posttraumatic headache-like pain behaviors in rats subjected to a single mild closed head injury using a 250 g weight drop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102420937664DOI Listing

Modern Brain Retractors and Surgical Brain Injury: A Review.

World Neurosurg 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Surgical brain injury caused by brain retraction is a well-known consequence of intracranial surgery. Modern retractor designs, particularly since the 1980's, have significantly improved ease of use, improved visibility for surgeons and minimized retraction-induced injuries, though not yet been entirely eliminated. Today, brain retractors come in a broad range of styles, each with their own pros and cons regarding operational utility and patient safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.06.153DOI Listing

An airplane landing accident. How safe is the use of passenger lap seat belts in aircrafts?

World Neurosurg 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Neurosurgery Clinic, Haseki Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Seat belts are considered the reason for seat belt syndrome, which mainly occurs during rapid deceleration in motor vehicle accidents. The seat belt syndrome is characterized by the contusion of the front torso, intrathoracic or intra-abdominal organ injuries, and spinal thoracic or lumbar chance fractures.

Case Description: This case study presents a 21-year-old female who was injured by a lap-type seat belt and diagnosed with seat belt syndrome after an airplane landing accident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.06.038DOI Listing

Evolution of soccer as a research topic.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Sports Sciences Institute, Duke Health, Durham, NC.

Soccer has not only the largest number of worldwide participants, it is also the most studied sport, with nearly 14,000 citations listed on Pubmed and nearly 60% more articles than the next most studied sport. Research about soccer was limited until the late 1970s when exponential growth began; approximately 98% of all soccer-related research publications have occurred since 1980. This vast repository of soccer research shows trends in various major (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2020.06.011DOI Listing

The Use of Virtual Reality through Head-Mounted Display on Balance and Gait in Older Adults: A Scoping Review.

Games Health J 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Falls are the most prominent cause of injury and injury-related deaths among older adults (OAs). Virtual reality has been utilized as a method of improving balance and gait in OAs. However, the use of virtual reality through a head-mounted display (VR-HMD) in this area is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2019.0159DOI Listing

Treatment Modality of Distal Ulnar Head and Neck Fractures Associated With Operatively Treated Distal Radius Fractures Does Not Affect Outcomes.

Hand (N Y) 2020 Jun 29:1558944720922923. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

University of Cincinnati, OH, USA.

This study compares the functional outcomes and complications between operatively and nonoperatively treated distal ulnar head and neck fractures associated with internal fixation of concomitant distal radius fractures. A 7-year retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients with operatively treated distal radius fractures associated with distal ulnar head and neck fractures. Ulnar styloid fractures were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944720922923DOI Listing

Long-term cochlear implantation outcomes in patients following head injury.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 21;5(3):485-496. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Otolaryngology Massachusetts Eye and Ear Boston Massachusetts USA.

Objective: In cases of a severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss following head injury, the cochlear implant (CI) is the primary option for auditory rehabilitation. Few studies, however, have investigated long-term CI outcomes in patients following head trauma, including those without temporal bone fracture (TBF). Herein, the aim of this study is to examine CI outcomes following cases of head injury with and without TBF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314488PMC

Electric scooter craniofacial trauma.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 7;5(3):390-395. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery University of California San Diego California USA.

Objective: The use of standing electronic scooters associated with micromobility applications (e-scooters) has risen nationally. The aim of this study was to obtain a detailed view of soft tissue and bony craniofacial injury associated with e-scooter-related trauma.

Methods: Single-institution retrospective case series of patients presenting to a level 1 trauma center emergency department or trauma unit with documented e-scooter-related craniofacial injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314474PMC

Auricular avulsion injuries and reattachment techniques: A systematic review.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 14;5(3):381-389. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery University of North Carolina Health Care Chapel Hill North Carolina USA.

Objectives: Multiple surgical techniques exist in the acute management of auricular avulsion injuries, including reattachment of the tissue as a composite graft, reconstruction using local skin flaps, the pocket principle, the Baudet method, and microvascular repair. This review aimed to compare the success rates of reattachment methods in auricular avulsion injuries.

Methods: A PubMed search systematically identified cases in which (a) an auricular avulsion injury occurred and (b) reattachment was attempted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314473PMC

Is Salivary S100B a Biomarker of Traumatic Brain Injury? A Pilot Study.

Front Neurol 2020 12;11:528. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in short and long-term disability neurodegeneration. Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) represents up to 85% of head injuries; diagnosis and early management is based on computed tomography (CT) or in-hospital observation, which are time- and cost- intensive. CT involves exposure to potentially harmful ionizing radiation and >90% of the scans are negative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303321PMC

Groove Pancreatitis Associated with Transient Liver Injury Mimicking Ampullary Neoplasm.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2020 May-Aug;14(2):306-314. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Groove pancreatitis is an unusual form of pancreatitis characterized by fibrous inflammation and pseudo-tumor in the area around the head of the pancreas. The underlying etiology is unknown but is strongly linked to alcohol abuse. We report a 52-year-old male smoker with hypertension, asthma, and alcohol abuse who was admitted with severe epigastric pain radiating to the back. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315138PMC