598,046 results match your criteria Head & Face Medicine [Journal]
J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Section of Population Oral Health, Columbia University College of Dental Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Objectives: To identify and characterize US early childhood caries (ECC) programs.
Methods: A 39 question online survey was fielded to 245 ECC programs identified from the literature and peer programs. The 101 respondents (41 percent response rate) reported their program's geographic reach, type, areas of focus, target populations, approaches, affiliations, providers, goals, costs, and funding. Read More
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.
Background: Numerous minimally invasive approaches to the skull base have been successively developed. Knowledge of the surgical nuances of a specific approach may facilitate approach selection. This study sought to compare the nuances of an extended version of the minipterional craniotomy (EMPT) with those of the transorbital endoscopic approach (TOEA) to the anterior and middle cranial fossae (ACF and MCF, respectively). Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 11;88:266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, United States.
Background: Evidence-based, patient-specific estimates of abusive head trauma probability can inform physicians' decisions to evaluate, confirm, exclude, and/or report suspected child abuse.
Objective: To derive a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma that incorporates the (positive or negative) predictive contributions of patients' completed skeletal surveys and retinal exams.
Participants And Setting: 500 acutely head-injured children under three years of age hospitalized for intensive care at one of 18 sites between 2010 and 2013. Read More
Midwifery 2018 Dec 4;70:22-30. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: Postnatal care is critical to detect and manage postpartum complications in the early stages as well as to prevent potentially life-threatening health conditions that lead to maternal death. However, postnatal care utilization is persistently low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductiveaged women in Kersa district, in eastern Ethiopia. Read More
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.
Purpose/objective(s): To develop an automatic and accurate atlas based technique for synthetic CT (sCT) generation to be used for online adaptive replanning during MRI guided radiation therapy (RT).
Materials/methods: The proposed method utilizes deformable image registration (DIR) of daily MRI and reference CT with additional corrections to maintain bone rigidity and also transfer of random air regions by thresholding. The DIR is performed with constraints on the bony structures using a special algorithm of ADMIRE (Elekta). Read More
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Purpose: To evaluate 3-dimensional orofacial changes that occurred after proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery in patients with condylar hyperplasia type 1B (unilateral hemimandibular elongation).
Materials And Methods: This retrospective analysis used the medical records of 14 skeletally mature patients. Transverse, vertical, and horizontal cephalometric analyses of photographs and radiographs were undertaken. Read More
J Immunol Methods 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan; AMED-CREST, AMED, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan. Electronic address:
House dust mites (HDMs), Dermatophagoides sp., are one of the most widespread aeroallergens worldwide and cause various allergic diseases, including asthma. The pathophysiology of asthma has been intensively investigated using murine models of allergic airway inflammation induced by exposure to D. Read More
J Vis 2018 Dec;18(13)
German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (DSGZ), University Hospital of Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany.
To estimate object speed with respect to the self, retinal signals must be summed with extraretinal signals that encode the speed of eye and head movement. Prior work has shown that differences in perceptual estimates of object speed based on retinal and oculomotor signals lead to biased percepts such as the Aubert-Fleischl phenomenon (AF), in which moving targets appear slower when pursued. During whole-body movement, additional extraretinal signals, such as those from the vestibular system, may be used to transform object speed estimates from a head-centered to a world-centered reference frame. Read More
Dermatol Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
All authors are affiliated with the Department of Dermatology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Background: There are limited published data comparing wide local excision (WLE) with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for the treatment of melanoma.
Objective: To describe a novel treatment algorithm for the surgical management of head and neck melanoma and compare rates of local recurrence for tumors treated with either MMS using immunohistochemistry or WLE.
Materials And Methods: A 10-year retrospective chart review including all in situ and invasive melanomas of the head and neck treated at one institution from January 2004 to June 2013. Read More
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Jan;41(1):e12-e17
Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus.
Background: As more children survive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) it is increasingly important to assess possible late effects of the intensive treatment. Hearing loss has only sporadically been reported in survivors of childhood AML. We assessed hearing status in survivors of childhood AML treated with chemotherapy alone according to 3 consecutive NOPHO-AML trials. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
Introduction: Single suture craniosynostosis (SSC) and isolated cleft palate (ICP) in non-Apert syndrome patients rarely occur together. Management includes airway optimization, timing surgery appropriately, and assessing both cranial vault aesthetics and speech outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare treatment pathways and outcomes in patients with both conditions to standard treatment for these conditions in isolation. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
The case of a 59-year-old woman who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for right maxillary sinusitis 5 years before visiting our otorhinolaryngologic department complaining of right-sided facial depression was described in this study. Computed tomography (CT) scans revealed right facial depression and retraction of the orbital floor due to a hypoplastic right maxillary sinus. Symptoms and CT findings corresponded with silent sinus syndrome. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, China.
Objective: The aim of the study was to explore an optimal surgery way for head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HNRMS) children who have failed primary chemotherapy.
Methods: A total of 51 HNRMS children who have failed primary chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed from April 2005 to May 2017. Surgery was performed in 2 ways, widely radical resection (22 patients) and conservative resection (29 patients). Read More
Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Albers-Schönberg Institute for Radiology in Hamburg, Germany.
Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the validity and reliability of clinically relevant tests in the diagnosis of Menière's disease (MD) according to the criteria formulated during 2015 as well as their efficacy in detecting endolymphatic hydrops (EH). The focus was on: three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery-SPectral Attenuated Inversion Recovery (3D-FLAIR-SPAIR) sequences using 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3T MRI) performed 24 hours after intratympanic Gadolinium injection (IT-Gd) in comparison with the functional tests pure tone audiometry (PTA), caloric test, video head impulse test (vHIT), and cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials (cVEMP).
Study Design: Retrospective study. Read More
Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
T. D. Lerch, F. Schmaranzer, S. D. Steppacher, M. Tannast, K. A. Siebenrock, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland E. N. Novais, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA K. Ziebarth, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Background: Prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and normal-appearing contralateral hip in patients with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) remains controversial. Understanding the minimal 10-year clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of the contralateral asymptomatic hip in unilateral SCFE may be helpful in the decision regarding whether the benefits associated with potentially preventing a SCFE are outweighed by the risk of additional surgery.
Questions/purposes: Among patients with SCFE treated with prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and contralateral hip, we sought (1) to determine the complications and reoperations; (2) to evaluate the development of cam deformities and the frequency and severity of osteoarthritis progression; and (3) to characterize hip pain and function as measured by the Harris hip score (HHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) at minimal 10-year followup. Read More
Endocr Connect 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
C Godballe, Department of ORL Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
A recent study proposed new TNM groupings for better survival discrimination among stage groups for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and validated these groupings in a population-based cohort in the United States. However, it is unknown how well the groupings perform in populations outside the United States. Consequently, we conducted the first population-based study aiming to evaluate if the recently proposed TNM groupings provide better survival discrimination than the current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system (seventh and eighth edition) in a nationwide MTC cohort outside the United States. Read More
Mol Pharm 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Introduction Tumor hypoxia plays a major role in radio- and chemotherapy resistance in solid tumors. Carbonic AnhydraseIX (CAIX) is an endogenous hypoxia-related protein, which is associated with poor patient outcome. The quantitative assessment of CAIX expression of tumors may steer cancer treatment by predicting therapy response or patient selection for anti-hypoxia or CAIX-targeted treatment. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1826-1828
Department of Convalescence, People's Liberation Army Wuhan Sanatorium.
To study the effect of smoking on chronic rhinosinusitis with lower respiratory tract diseases and underlaying mechanism. The data of 54 patients diagnosed as CRS with lower respiratory disease (Group A) and 60 patients with CRS (Group B) from otolaryngology head and neck surgery in Wuhan Central Hospital and Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2014 to December 2017 were analyzed, retrospectively. According to the history of smoking, all patients were divided into smoking group (Group C) and non-smoking group (Group D). Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1821-1825
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Eye Ear Nose Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China.
To investigate the effectiveness of endoscopic keel placement for the prevention and treatment of bilateral vocal cord adhesion. There are 47 cases with bilateral vocal cord lesions and 38 cases with laryngeal adhesion in this study. Bilateral vocal cord lesions were removed and laryngeal adhesion was cut and divided. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1810-1812
Department of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University.
To evaluate the effect of the application of functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors and the prevention of Frey syndrome. One hundred and fifty-six cases with benign tumor were underwent functional regional parotidectomy. All tumors were smaller than 4 cm in diameter. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1798-1803
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100730, China.
To analyze the auditory follow-up alteration of GJB2 associated hearing loss children. Forty three children aged 0-5 years with homozygous or heterozygous mutations of gene attach to the Children' s Hearing Diagnostic Center of our hospital were enrolled in this study. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions and acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response, auditory steady state response, acoustic impedance, pediatric behavior audiometry and other audiological tests were performed. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1783-1787
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, 550002, China.
To observe the clinical efficacy of nasal corticosteroids combined with nasal antihistamine in the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis. One hundred and twenty vasomotor rhinitis patients were randomly divided into three groups including budesonide group, azelastine group, and budesonide and azelastine group with 40 cases in each. Nasal spray with nasal corticosteroids and nasal antihistamines was applied for combined treatment group, while the patients in budesonide group and azelastine group were given only nasal corticosteroids and nasal antihistamines, respectively. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1774-1778
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Nanjing General Hospital of PLA.
To investigate the clinical features of patients with chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps. The data of 134 patients with chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps were analyzed, retrospectively. Based on the results of the histopathological examination, patients were divided into eosinophilic chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps(ECRSwBNP) group and noneosinophilic chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps(nonECRSwBNP) group. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1767-1773
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100073, China.
To analyze the imaging features of unilateral maxillary sinus nasal lesions and the selection of treatment strategies based on imaging findings for these lesions. The CT and enhanced MRI data of 64 cases of unilateral maxillary sinus and nasal lesions were selected. The imaging findings and surgery approach were observed and recorded. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1519-1523
The head and neck cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. There are more than 600 000 new cases in the world every year. Cisplatin is often used in the treatment of head and neck cancer at present. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1504-1506
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tumar Hospital of Shanxi Province, 030013, China.
To study the features of cervical lymph node metastasis and the optimal type of surgical treatment for untreated medullary thyroid carcinoma. To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 45 patients with untreated medullary thyroid carcinoma who received surgical treatment in our hospital. The patterns of cervical lymph node metastasis and the surgical treatment were investigated. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1502-1503
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215003, China.
To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric external auditory canalkeratosis obturans(KO). Retrospective analyze the clinical data of twenty-three patients were diagnosed with external auditory canal cholesteatoma(EACC). Their chief complaint, the course of the disease, clinical characteristics,CT manifestations,surgical procedure and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1499-1501
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University,750004,Yinchuan,China.
A series of otitis media patients with Austin A and C type ossicles defects received ossicular chain reconstruction surgery using either autologous incus or titanium partial ossicular replacement prosthesis (PORP).The hearing outcomes and exclusion rate of prosthesis were compared between these two groups. One hundred and seventy-six patients with chronic otitis media underwent ossiculoplasty in our hospital during 2016-2017. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1495-1498
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, Bejing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing,100069, China.
To explore the feasibility of endoscopic sinus surgery on HIVinfected patients. Twelve positive patients suffering from sinusitis undergoing endoscopic treatment were retrospectively analyzed. And the clinical characteristics,treatment and therapeutic effects were summarized. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1483-1486
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital.
To investigate the clinical value of the seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire(ETDQ-7) in evaluating Eustachian tube dysfunction before and after treatment. A retrospective analysis of 50 patients with Eustachian tube dysfunction diagnosed. All the patients were given chymotrypsin 4 000 IU and dexamethasone injection 5 mg by blowing through the Eustachian tube under nasal endoscopic guidance once daily for 3-6 consecutive days. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1480-1482
Department of Head and Neck Surgery,Jiangxi Provincal Cancer Hospital.
To investigate the feasibiity of detecting lymph node metastasis in differentiated thyroid cancer patients by thyroglobin（Tg）measurement in fine-needle aspiration washout fluid. Forty-seven differentiated thyroid cancer patients with cervical lymph node metastasis were included in this study. Fine-needle aspirations were performed on lymph nodes which were surgically resected for measurement of Tg in washout fluid. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1477-1479
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100032, China.
To evaluate the operation safety, hearing as well as speech results of cochlear implantation that were applied in patients over 75 years old. A series of patients who were diagnosed as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss and received cochlear implantation were admitted. The clinical data and rehabilitation effects of the patients who were over 75 years old were summarized. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1459-1463
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery(Capital Medical University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100730, China.
To analyze the dynamic changes of the clinical features of chronic rhinosinusitis in recent 10 years, so as to deeply understand the characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis, and to provide new ideas for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. This retrospective study was performed in patients who were diagnosed as chronic rhinosinusitis and enrolled. General information, clinical examination and pathological results were all collected, then patients' age, gender, the incidence of asthma and allergic rhinitis, peripheral eosinophil percentage, olfactory dysfunction and pathological results were statistically analyzed. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1455-1458
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 030001, China.
To explore the clinical efficacy of unilateral vidian neurectomy following endoscopic trans-sphenoethmoidal recess approach in treating allergic rhinitis. The clinical data of 80 patients with moderate-severe allergic rhinitis who underwent unilateral vidian neurectomy following endoscopic trans-sphenoethmoidal recess approach were reviewed retrospectively. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to assess total symptom scores and nasal symptoms including nasal itching, nasal sneezing, rhinorrhea and nasal congestion. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1451-1454
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Cancer, Key Institute and Laboratory of Otolaryngology Affiliated with Shanxi Province.
To investigate the clinical characteristics of the evoked nystagmus in the non-affected side during Dix-Hallpike test(D-H test)in unilateral posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(PC-BPPV). Two hundred and thirty-six patients were diagnosed with unilateral PC-BPPV in the Tinnitus and Dizziness clinic.Among them,14 patients exhibited positive nystagmus when the non-affected side was stimulated by D-H test. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1426-1428
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Dalian Municipal Central Hospital Affiliated of Dalian Medical University.
To analyze the characteristics of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo which were spontaneously cured. A total of 1 257 patients with chief complaint of positional vertigo were included and analyzed retrospectively, in which 921 cases were diagnosed as BPPV with the diagnosis standard of Guiyang meeting, and the other 336 cases were negative in the positional test diagnosed as BPPV-spontaneously cured. The age，gender and history course of the two groups were analyzed respectively. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1406-1409
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361003, China.
To investigate the clinical features and the treatment of moderate-severe laryngeallacia, and the application of CO₂laser supraglotation in laryngeallacia.Collecting the clinical data of 18 infants with moderate-to-severe laryngeallacia diagnosed in our hospital,10 cases were moderate. Eight cases were severe children; according to the classification of laryngeallacia, most of them were mixed type, including 2 cases of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲ, 5 cases of typeⅠ + type Ⅱ, 7 cases of typeⅡ+ type Ⅲ, and 1 case of typeⅠ+ typeⅡ + type Ⅲ. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1400-1405
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University.
To evaluate the diagnostic value of the ATA (2015) ultrasound model, shear wave elastography (SWE), and ATA (2015)+SWE combinative modality for the diagnostic efficiency in thyroid nodules with Bethesda Classification Ⅲ indeterminate cytology, determine the diagnostic value of ultrasonography in Bethesda Classification Ⅲ indeterminate cytology.216 thyroid nodules that were initially diagnosed as AUS/FLUS by fine needle aspiration (FNA) were included in this study. The clinical data and two-dimensional ultrasonographic features were compared between the benign and malignant nodules. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1396-1399
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Hospital, Shanxi Medical University; Shanxi Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Cancer.
To study the differences in cognitive function between patients with laryngeal carcinoma and healthy volunteers. Patients with laryngeal carcinoma who have been first diagnosed with laryngeal carcinoma, but not received treatment at the Department of Otolaryngology in two hospitals in Shanxi Province and healthy volunteers of the same age, gender-matched and similar education were studied for the purpose to evaluate the cognitive status by using the Wechsler memory scale.No significant difference of age, gender and educational level was found between both groups（>0. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1391-1395
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710061, China.
To investigate the immunologic functional changes of peripheral dendritic cells (DC) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) during the treatment by budesonide aerosol inhalation.25 patients with moderate to severe persistent AR were concluded in current study, and they were given budesonide aerosol inhalation for 8 weeks. AR related nasal symptom scores and indices, peripheral DC counts and percentages as well as their activation before and 4 weeks, 8 weeks after treatment were determined. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1387-1390
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing,100023,China.
To assess the role of LPR in the development of complications, such as hemorrhage, following tonsillectomy in adult patients. We want to provide a guidence for future clinical practice.Totally 70 adult patients who had indication of tonsillectomy were recruited and divided into two groups, the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and the control group, which were identified by the results of Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and Reflux Finding Score (RFS). Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1383-1386;1390
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Air Force Military Medical University, Xijing Hospital, Xi'an, 710032, China.
Retrospctive analysed the Characteristics and outcomes of surgical treatment of 18 patients who were diagnosed as secondary acquired cholesteatoma (SAC).Patients with SAC accepted operations were enrolled in this study. Then the factors such as sex, age, cource of history, otorrhea before operation, the size of perforation of tympanic membrane, entry site of epithelium, extension direction, ossicular destruction, tympanosclerosis, tympanum tympani tendon involvement, stage of cholesteatoma（JOS, 2015, Japan），degree of gasification of mastoid（JOS，2015，Japan），air conductive threshold, bone conductive threshold, air-bone gap, the healing of tympanic membrane and the auditory improvement were analyzed. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1374-1377
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China.
To study the parameters of the suppression head impulse paradigm of vestibular neuritis and explore the application value of suppression head impulse paradigm in vestibular neuritis.Twenty patients with vestibular neuritis in our outpatient clinic were selected. The HIMP and SHIMP gain of unilateral vestibular neuritis patients were detected by video pulse detector. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1371-1373
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.
To explore ways of evaluating morphological information of cochlea electrode in post cochlear implantation patients, and so as to make sure its value of clinical usage.A series of 52 patients who were diagnosed as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss and received cochlear implantation were admitted. All the patients had cone-beam CT scanning of the operated side 1 or 2 days after operation. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1367-1371
In 2008, American Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery(AAOHNSF) published the first clinical practice guideline for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), in which 13 key action statements for BPPV diagnosis, treatment, and patient education were proposed. The updated version of guideline was published in 2017. This article aimed at interpreting the updated guideline with particular focus on BPPV treatment and patient education. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1114-1119
Pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis is a refractory disease in the present otorhinolaryngological head and neck surgery, including congenital stenosis caused by laryngotracheal deformities and acquired stenosis. The incidence of congenital laryngotracheal malformation has a rising trend.But acquired stenosis is still more common,which is mostly caused by iatrogenic injury (e. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1110-1113
Hypopharyngeal carcinoma is the worst malignant tumor in the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, which has the worst prognosis. As the hypopharynx has a rich lymphatic network, cervical lymph node metastasis is very easy to occur. Castleman disease is vascular follicular lymphnode hyperplasia, a rare chronic lymphoproliferative disease of unknown cause. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1102-1105
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 030001, China.
To evaluate the relationship between vestibular function and curative effect in patients with severe sudden hearing loss.The vestibular function of 79 patients with severe hearing loss was examined by video-nystagmography (VNG) and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP).There were significant differences between the two test outcomes (<0. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1097-1101
Children's National Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Key Laboratory for Pediatric Diseases of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing,100045, China.
To summarize the clinical characteristics and clinical treatment of congenital cholesteatoma (CC) of the middle ear in children, provide early diagnosis methods and explore standardized diagnosis and treatment plan.A retrospective chart review of 94 patients with a diagnosis of middle ear cholesteatoma, in Beijing Children's Hospital, between 2009 and 2015 was carried on. 14 patients with CC were identified using the criteria proposed by Levenson, and were divided into two groups according to the course of disease. Read More