Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    8547 results match your criteria Hashimoto Thyroiditis

    1 OF 171

    High-Speed and Scalable Whole-Brain Imaging in Rodents and Primates.
    Neuron 2017 Jun;94(6):1085-1100.e6
    Laboratory of Molecular Neuropharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; Molecular Research Center for Children's Mental Development, United Graduate School of Child Development, Osaka University, Kanazawa University, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Chiba University and University of Fukui, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; Division of Bioscience, Institute for Datability Science, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address:
    Subcellular resolution imaging of the whole brain and subsequent image analysis are prerequisites for understanding anatomical and functional brain networks. Here, we have developed a very high-speed serial-sectioning imaging system named FAST (block-face serial microscopy tomography), which acquires high-resolution images of a whole mouse brain in a speed range comparable to that of light-sheet fluorescence microscopy. FAST enables complete visualization of the brain at a resolution sufficient to resolve all cells and their subcellular structures. Read More

    [RET/PTC rearrangement affects multifocal formation of papillary thyroid carcinoma].
    Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jun;52(6):435-439
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China.
    Objective:RET/PTC gene rearrangement can lead to aberrant activation of tyrosine kinase receptors, which is a common mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This study focuses on the association of RET/PTC rearrangements with PTC clinical factors. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2013, a total of 114 patients with PTC were enrolled in this study. Read More

    Successful Lung Transplantation for Pulmonary Disease Associated With Erdheim-Chester Disease.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Jul;104(1):e13-e15
    Department of Thoracic Surgery, Organ Transplant Center, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.
    A 53-year-old man with pulmonary fibrosis associated with Erdheim-Chester disease achieved long-term survival after lung transplantation. Major clinical manifestations included lung and bone injuries, and other vital organs were functionally unaffected by the disease. After a careful observation for the disease progression, he underwent bilateral deceased-donor lung transplantation. Read More

    [Carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) in young type 1 diabetic patients in relation to comorbid additional autoimmune diseases and microvascular complications].
    Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2016 ;22(3)
    Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology, Diabetology with Cardiology Division, Medical University of Białystok, Poland.
    Introduction: Atherosclerosis, which is the cause of diseases of the cardiovascular system, and frequent and serious complications of type 1 diabetes (T1DM), has an autoimmune origin. Some diseases of this type, as rheumatoid arthritis, but also Hashimoto thyroiditis or celiac disease are associated with a higher incidence of heart disease. So far no studies evaluated the preclinical phase of development of atherosclerosis (cIMT) in young patients with T1DM and the comorbid additional autoimmune diseases. Read More

    Improved 123I-Ioflupane Binding After Immunotherapy in Anti-NAE Antibody-Positive Hashimoto Encephalopathy That Clinically Mimicked Multiple System Atrophy.
    Clin Nucl Med 2017 Jun 19. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    From the *Department of Neurology, and †Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    We describe an 84-year-old man with anti-NH2-terminal of α-enolase antibody-positive Hashimoto encephalopathy that clinically mimicked multiple system atrophy who underwent investigation by dopamine transporter SPECT before and after immunotherapy. Before treatment, dopamine transporter SPECT showed reduced striatal I-ioflupane binding, with a mean specific binding ratio of 2.42, even though he had no apparent parkinsonism. Read More

    Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma: A hospital-based clinicopathological study and review of literature.
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2017 Apr-Jun;60(2):167-171
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is a rare aggressive malignancy of thyroid follicular cells and has unique features in morphology and behavior. This study was aimed to describe the experience of a tertiary medical center with PDTC within a 10-year period.

    Materials And Methods: This is a descriptive retrospective study of eight cases of PDTC among 418 various thyroid carcinomas. Read More

    The absence of CD56 expression can differentiate papillary thyroid carcinoma from other thyroid lesions.
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2017 Apr-Jun;60(2):161-166
    Department of Pathology, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania.
    Context: The neural cell adhesion molecule CD56 is an antigen important for the differentiation of the follicular epithelium. Recent studies have reported low or absent expression of CD56 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its presence in normal thyroid tissue, benign thyroid lesions, and most follicular non-PTC tumors.

    Aim: We wish to estimate the value of CD56 in the differentiation of PTC (including follicular variant-PTC [FV-PTC]) from other nontumoral lesions and follicular thyroid neoplasias. Read More

    Development and validation of a prognostic scoring model for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease: an observational cohort study.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Jun 19;17(1):436. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kurashiki Central Hospital, 1-1-1 Miwa, Kurashiki, Okayama, 710-0052, Japan.
    Background: Patients with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease (LD) have a heterogeneous prognosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic scoring model for these patients using independent risk factors for survival.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with MAC-LD from two hospitals (cohort 1, n = 368; cohort 2, n = 118). Read More

    Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Glomerulopathies.
    Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2017 2;8:119. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Unit of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
    Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is generally associated with hypothyroidism. It affects ~2% of the female population and 0.2% of the male population. Read More

    Pulmonary Nocardiosis: A Clinical Analysis of 30 Cases.
    Intern Med 2017 15;56(12):1485-1490. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chiba Aoba Municipal Hospital, Japan.
    Objective Pulmonary nocardiosis frequently develops as an opportunistic infection in patients with malignant tumor and is treated with steroids. This study was performed to clarify the clinical features of pulmonary nocardiosis in Japan. Methods The patients definitively diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis at our hospital between January 1995 and December 2015 were retrospectively investigated. Read More

    Linear immunoglobulin A/G bullous dermatosis associated with ulcerative colitis.
    J Dermatol 2017 Jun 17. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Department of Dermatology, Nihon University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Linear immunoglobulin (Ig)A/G bullous dermatosis (LAGBD) is an autoimmune bullous disease characterized by formation of subepidermal blisters and linear deposition of IgA and IgG antibodies along the basement membrane zone (BMZ). The association between linear IgA bullous dermatosis and ulcerative colitis (UC) is well recognized, but reports of UC-associated LAGBD are lacking. We have reported a 24-year-old man suffering from LAGBD associated with UC, which occurred before exacerbations of skin rash. Read More

    Correlation of thyroid stimulating hormone receptor mRNA expression levels in peripheral blood with undesirable clinicopathological features in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients.
    Oncotarget 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Department of Thyroid Surgery, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, Shandong Province, China.
    To determine the extent to which thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) mRNA in peripheral blood (PB) has diagnostic value for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We obtained pre- and postoperative PB samples from 104 thyroid disease patients and collected 11 healthy volunteers' PB samples twice apiece at different times. We used reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to quantify TSHR mRNA expression levels in the samples. Read More

    Ipragliflozin Reduces Epicardial Fat Accumulation in Non-Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Visceral Obesity: A Pilot Study.
    Diabetes Ther 2017 Jun 14. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Molecular Endocrinology and Metabolism, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Introduction: Epicardial fat (EF) was reported to be independently associated with cardiovascular disease regardless of obesity. We have previously reported that a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, luseogliflozin, reduces the EF volume (EFV) in parallel with the reduction of body weight in obese patients (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) with type 2 diabetes. However, it is unknown whether SGLT2 inhibitors could reduce EFV in non-obese patients (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) with type 2 diabetes. Read More

    Preoperative chronic kidney disease predicts poor oncological outcomes after radical cystectomy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
    Oncotarget 2017 May 29. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Department of Urology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.
    Objective: To evaluate the impact of preoperative chronic kidney disease (CKD) on oncologic outcomes in muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy.

    Methods: A total of 581 patients who underwent radical cystectomy at four medical centers between January 1995 and February 2017 were examined retrospectively. We investigated oncologic outcomes, including progression-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival (PFS, CSS, and OS, respectively) stratified by preoperative CKD status (pre-CKD vs. Read More

    Central diastolic pressure decay mediates the relationship between aortic stiffness and myocardial viability: potential implications for aortosclerosis-induced myocardial ischemia.
    J Hypertens 2017 Jun 16. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    aMedical Center, Miyagi University of Education, Sendai bDivision of Nephrology, Endocrinology, and Vascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Objective: Stiffening of the aorta often precedes coronary events, but little is known about the aetiological mechanism. We hypothesized that the predisposition to myocardial ischemia could be attributable to aortosclerosis-induced alterations in the central haemodynamics during diastole.

    Methods: Using noninvasive tonometry and ultrasonography, we investigated the arterial pressure pulse waveforms, pulse wave velocities (PWVs) and compliance in 222 patients with hypertension. Read More

    Azithromycin attenuates myofibroblast differentiation and lung fibrosis development through proteasomal degradation of NOX4.
    Autophagy 2017 Jun 14. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a Division of Respiratory Diseases; Department of Internal Medicine ; Jikei University School of Medicine ; Tokyo , Japan.
    Accumulation of profibrotic myofibroblasts is involved in the process of fibrosis development during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis. TGFB (transforming growth factor beta) is one of the major profibrotic cytokines for myofibroblast differentiation and NOX4 (NADPH oxidase 4) has an essential role in TGFB-mediated cell signaling. Azithromycin (AZM), a second-generation antibacterial macrolide, has a pleiotropic effect on cellular processes including proteostasis. Read More

    Bullous pemphigoid and chronic kidney graft rejection.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jun 12. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Department of Immunology, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.
    Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a disease caused by antibodies against components of the basement membrane, mainly two proteins: BP180 and BP230. We present two cases of BP related to chronic renal rejection. This article is protected by copyright. Read More

    Immune-related Neurological Symptoms in an Adolescent Patient Receiving the Checkpoint Inhibitor Nivolumab.
    J Immunother 2017 Jun 9. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    *Division of Pediatric Neurology †Division of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.
    Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a novel group of immunotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer. Immune-related adverse events, including neurological symptoms, have been associated with these agents. We present the case of an adolescent with refractory Hodgkin lymphoma treated with nivolumab, a PD1 inhibitor, who developed Hashimoto thyroiditis, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome causing seizures, as well as urinary retention, truncal/appendicular spasticity, dysphagia, and a progressive encephalopathy that was clinically consistent with a diagnosis of progressive encephalopathy with rigidity and myoclonus, a stiff-person-syndrome spectrum disorder. Read More

    The standard international prognostic index for predicting the risk of CNS involvement in DLBCL without specific prophylaxis.
    Leuk Lymphoma 2017 Jun 8:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    a Bay-area Lymphoma Information Network , Tokyo , Japan.
    Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is a serious complication in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and evaluating CNS risk is an important issue. Using the standard international prognostic index (IPI) and CNS-IPI, a recently proposed model including IPI risk factors and adrenal/kidney involvement, we assessed CNS risk in 1220 untreated DLBCL patients who received R-CHOP without prophylaxis. According to the standard IPI, the cumulative incidences of CNS involvement at 2 years were 1. Read More

    Calmodulin-like skin protein is downregulated in human cerebrospinal fluids of Alzheimer's disease patients with apolipoprotein E4; a pilot study using postmortem samples.
    Neurol Res 2017 Jun 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    a Department of Pharmacology , Tokyo Medical University , Tokyo , Japan.
    Objective: Calmodulin-like skin protein (CLSP) is a secreted peptide that inhibits neuronal cell death, linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD), by binding to the heterotrimeric humanin receptor and activating an intracellular survival pathway. CLSP is only expressed in skin keratinocytes and related epithelial cells, circulates in the blood stream, and passes the blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier. In the current study, we addressed the issues as to whether CLSP functions in the central nervous system and whether the concentration of CLSP is reduced in the CSFs of AD patients. Read More

    Super Refractory Status Epilepticus in Hashimoto's Encephalopathy.
    Oman Med J 2017 May;32(3):247-250
    Department of General Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman.
    We present a case of a 38-year-old woman who was at eight weeks of gestation and was admitted to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital with refractory status epilepticus (SE). She presented with a two-day history of fever and a depressed level of consciousness that was followed with generalized tonic-clonic seizures. She progressed to refractory SE that required intubation and mechanical ventilation. Read More

    Relationship Between Immunoglobulin Deposition and Early Lesions of Progressive Glomerulonephropathy in Young Common Marmosets.
    Vet Pathol 2017 Jan 1:300985817712556. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 Pathology Department, Kashima Laboratory, Nonclinical Research Center, LSI Medience Corporation, Kamisu-shi, Ibaraki, Japan.
    The authors previously investigated progressive glomerulonephropathy in 2- to 11-year-old common marmosets and characterized age-related changes of the renal glomeruli and development of tubulointerstitial lesions. In this study, immunoglobulin deposition and ultrastructural changes of the glomeruli were investigated in 5 young marmosets from 6 months to 3 years of age with pre-onset or early glomerulonephropathy. In all animals, the foot processes of podocytes were effaced, and IgM was deposited into the glomeruli. Read More

    Conversion Discriminative Analysis on Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Multiple Cortical Features from MR Images.
    Front Aging Neurosci 2017 18;9:146. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Guangdong General HospitalGuangzhou, China.
    Neuroimaging measurements derived from magnetic resonance imaging provide important information required for detecting changes related to the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cortical features and changes play a crucial role in revealing unique anatomical patterns of brain regions, and further differentiate MCI patients from normal states. Four cortical features, namely, gray matter volume, cortical thickness, surface area, and mean curvature, were explored for discriminative analysis among three groups including the stable MCI (sMCI), the converted MCI (cMCI), and the normal control (NC) groups. Read More

    Blockade of interleukin-6 receptor in the periphery promotes rapid and sustained antidepressant actions: a possible role of gut-microbiota-brain axis.
    Transl Psychiatry 2017 May 30;7(5):e1138. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Chiba University Center for Forensic Mental Health, Chiba, Japan.
    Depression is a common, severe and chronic psychiatric disease. Although the currently available antidepressants have been used in the treatment of depression, their beneficial effects are limited. Accumulating evidence suggests that pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) have an important role in the pathogenesis of depression. Read More

    Development of an orally available inhibitor of CLK1 for skipping a mutated dystrophin exon in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
    Sci Rep 2017 May 30;7:46126. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal progressive muscle-wasting disease. Various attempts are underway to convert severe DMD to a milder phenotype by modulating the splicing of the dystrophin gene and restoring its expression. In our previous study, we reported TG003, an inhibitor of CDC2-like kinase 1 (CLK1), as a splice-modifying compound for exon-skipping therapy; however, its metabolically unstable feature hinders clinical application. Read More

    Patient-centered Management of Hypothyroidism.
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 May-Jun;21(3):475-477
    CEO, Chellaram Diabetes Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
    This communication from the National Indian Patient-centered Thyroid management group (InPACT) deals with a novel, yet essential, aspect of hypothyroidism management. The authors describe the role and scope of patient-centered care in this condition. They focus on the relevance of a patient-centered clinical approach, which will help decide appropriate targets, as well as techniques to achieve those targets. Read More

    Oral Administration of Ethanolamine Glycerophospholipid Containing a High Level of Plasmalogen Improves Memory Impairment in Amyloid β-Infused Rats.
    Lipids 2017 Jul 27;52(7):575-585. Epub 2017 May 27.
    Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-0845, Japan.
    Ethanolamine plasmalogen (PlsEtn), a major phospholipid in neuronal membranes [60-90 mol% of ethanolamine glycerophospholipid (EtnGpl)], is specifically decreased in brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The present study investigated how PlsEtn administration affects cognitive deficits and lipid composition in an animal model of AD. AD model rats were infused with amyloid-β (Aβ) into the cerebral ventricle and divided into three groups. Read More

    A study of FoxA1 expression in thyroid tumors.
    Hum Pathol 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Histopathology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Institute of Cancer Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address:
    FoxA1 regulates a variety of tissues during embryogenesis and early life. In thyroid, FoxA1 expression has recently been shown in C cells and medullary thyroid carcinomas but not in follicular cells. FoxA1 has also been proposed as potential oncogene in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. Read More

    Development and validation of the HALT-HCC score to predict mortality in liver transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective cohort analysis.
    Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Department of General Surgery, Digestive Disease Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Background: Tumour morphological criteria for determining the appropriateness of liver transplantation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma poorly estimate post-transplantation mortality. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the utility of a continuous risk score in predicting overall survival following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Methods: We did a retrospective cohort analysis to develop a continuous multivariable risk score for assessment of overall survival following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Read More

    Hashimoto thyroiditis, anti-thyroid antibodies and systemic lupus erythematosus.
    Int J Rheum Dis 2017 May 25. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Rheumatology Unit, Evangelic University Hospital, Curitiba, Brazil.
    Aim: To study the prevalence of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), anti-thyroid autoantibodies (anti-thyroglobulin or TgAb and thyroperoxidase or TPOAb) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. To analyze if associated HT, TgAb and/or TPOAb influence clinical or serological profiles, disease activity and/or its cumulative damage.

    Methods: Three hundred and one SLE patients and 141 controls were studied for thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroxin, TgAb and TPOAb by chemiluminescence and immunometric assays. Read More

    Clinical impact of pretransplant use of multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitors on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia.
    Am J Hematol 2017 May 20. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, Hematology Division, Tokyo, Japan.
    Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are widely used to treat patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP), and outcomes of TKI treatment for patients with CML-CP have been excellent. Since multiple TKIs are currently available, second-line or third-line TKI therapy is considered for patients who are intolerant of or resistant to the previous TKI treatment. Therefore, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is considered only for patients with disease progression or for patients after treatment failure with multiple TKIs. Read More

    Switching subtype-selectivity: Fragment replacement strategy affords novel class of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α/δ (PPARα/δ) dual agonists.
    Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2017 Jul 13;27(14):3131-3134. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan. Electronic address:
    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are important drug targets for treatment of dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and great efforts have been made to develop novel PPAR ligands. However, most existing PPAR ligands contain a carboxylic acid (CA) or thiazolidinedione (TZD) structure (acidic head group) that is essential for activity. We recently discovered non-CA/TZD class PPARα/δ partial agonists, which contain an acetamide moiety and adjacent methyl group, linked to a 1,2,4-oxadiazole ring ("fragment a"). Read More

    LINE-1 methylation level and prognosis in pancreas cancer: pyrosequencing technology and literature review.
    Surg Today 2017 May 23. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.
    Purpose: Global DNA hypomethylation plays an important role in genomic instability and carcinogenesis. The long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) methylation level is a good surrogate marker of the global DNA methylation level. Previously, we demonstrated a strong relationship between LINE-1 hypomethylation and poor prognosis in certain cancers. Read More

    The efficacy of steroids for postoperative persistent inflammatory reaction in a patient with barium peritonitis: A case report.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 15;36:38-41. Epub 2017 May 15.
    Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical, Sciences for Research, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama City, Toyama 930-0194, Japan, Japan. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Barium peritonitis is a serious and life-threatening disease requiring intensive care. Residual barium in the intraperitoneal cavity can cause persistent inflammation, postoperatively.

    Presentation Of Case: An 80-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal pain and vomiting after barium meal examination. Read More

    Association of cord blood chemokines and other biomarkers with neonatal complications following intrauterine inflammation.
    PLoS One 2017 22;12(5):e0175082. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Pediatrics, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki City, Nagasaki, Japan.
    Background: Intrauterine inflammation has been associated with preterm birth and neonatal complications. Few reports have comprehensively investigated multiple cytokine profiles in cord blood and precisely identified surrogate markers for intrauterine inflammation.

    Aim: To identify the cytokines and surrogate markers associated with intrauterine inflammation and subsequent neonatal complications. Read More

    The microbiome and hepatobiliary-pancreatic cancers.
    Cancer Lett 2017 May 17;402:9-15. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address:
    The human intestinal microbiome encompasses at least 100 trillion microorganisms that can influence host immunity and disease conditions, including cancer. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers have been associated with poor prognosis owing to their high level of tumor invasiveness, distant metastasis, and resistance to conventional treatment options, such as chemotherapy. Accumulating evidence from animal models suggests that specific microbes and microbial dysbiosis can potentiate hepatobiliary-pancreatic tumor development by damaging DNA, activating oncogenic signaling pathways, and producing tumor-promoting metabolites. Read More

    Association of vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency with thyroid artery Doppler ultrasonography in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis.
    Pak J Med Sci 2017 Mar-Apr;33(2):295-299
    Prof. Dr. Hakan Cinemre, Departments of Internal Medicine, Sakarya University School of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey.
    Background & Objective: During the course of the autoimmune thyroid diseases, ultrasonography change parallel to histopathology. Vitamin D is associated with autoimmune diseases and thus can affect thyroid blood flow. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency and thyroid hemodynamic indices in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis. Read More

    Coexistence of ulcerative colitis and Sjögren's syndrome in a patient with Takayasu's arteritis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
    Intest Res 2017 Apr 27;15(2):255-259. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Pathology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
    A 31-year-old woman with a 15-year history of Takayasu's arteritis (TA) and a 13-year history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis presented with hematochezia. She received a diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome at 1 month before her visit to Kyungpook National University Medical Center. Her colonoscopic findings were compatible with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Read More

    Identification of chronic kidney disease patient characteristics influencing the renoprotective effects of febuxostat therapy: a retrospective follow-up study.
    BMC Nephrol 2017 May 18;18(1):162. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Nephrology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.
    Background: The ability of antihyperuricemic therapy to exert renoprotective effects in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. In the present study, we studied patient characteristics that may mask favorable impact of antihyperuricemic therapy on the progression of CKD.

    Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective, follow-up study. Read More

    Growth Hormone Treatment and Adverse Events.
    Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 2017 Mar;14(Suppl 1):235-239
    Tanaka Growth Clinic, Tokyo, Japan.
    We compiled the major adverse events included in the Annual Research Reports of the Foundation for Growth Research published in and after 2000. We conducted a review of approximately 32,000 patients treated with growth hormone (GH) who subsequently developed leukemia and who were registered with the Foundation for Growth Research (from 1975 to December 31 1997). We performed a literature review and found that GH therapy was not associated with leukemia onset in patients with no risk factors for leukemia. Read More

    Secondary Sjogren's Syndrome Presenting with Distal Tubular Acidosis and Quadriparesis.
    Indian J Crit Care Med 2017 Apr;21(4):243-244
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Yashoda Multi-speciality Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    A 52-year-old female patient was admitted to Intensive Care Unit with complaints of quadriparesis. Investigations revealed distal renal tubular acidosis (DRTA) secondary to Sjogren's syndrome with involvement of the parotid and thyroid glands. Laboratory investigations showed hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and an alkaline urine pH with clinical signs of sicca syndrome. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Presenting Acquired Ichthyosis with Oral Bexarotene Monotherapy.
    Case Rep Oncol 2017 Jan-Apr;10(1):328-332. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Dermatology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Acquired ichthyosis (AI) is a reactive cutaneous manifestation that can be associated with malignant hematological disease, including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Since it is difficult to distinguish AI from ichthyosiform mycosis fungoides, to select the treatment for CTCL with ichthyosis-like appearance and to evaluate its efficacy is sometimes challenging. In this report, we describe a case of primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified presenting AI successfully treated with oral bexarotene. Read More

    Fatty liver as a risk factor for progression from metabolically healthy to metabolically abnormal in non-overweight individuals.
    Endocrine 2017 Jul 16;57(1):89-97. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.
    Purpose: Recent studies identified that metabolically abnormal non-obese phenotype is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about risk factor for progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight to metabolically abnormal phenotype. We hypothesized that fatty liver had a clinical impact on progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight to metabolically abnormal phenotype. Read More

    Prospective Observational Post-Marketing Study of Tafluprost for Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension: Effectiveness and Treatment Persistence.
    Adv Ther 2017 Jun 13;34(6):1411-1425. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Santen Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect and safety of tafluprost, a prostaglandin analogue, in actual clinical practice and to determine persistency of tafluprost as an indicator of its benefit-risk balance.

    Methods: This was a large-scale, post-marketing, multicenter, non-interventional, open-label, long-term study. Patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension who initiated tafluprost treatment were registered and prospectively observed over a 2-year period in the real-world setting in Japan. Read More

    Post-chemotherapy PD-L1 expression correlates with clinical outcomes in Japanese bladder cancer patients treated with total cystectomy.
    Med Oncol 2017 Jun 12;34(6):117. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Urology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifucho, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036-8562, Japan.
    Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) is a key target molecule of immunotherapy that is frequently overexpressed in bladder cancer. In the present study, we examined whether PD-L1 expression is associated with clinical outcomes in bladder cancer patients. We enrolled 102 bladder cancer patients treated with cystectomy at the Aomori Prefectural Hospital between April 2004 and May 2014. Read More

    Increased Risk of Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria in Patients With Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases: A Nationwide, Population-based Study.
    Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2017 Jul;9(4):373-377
    Department of Dermatology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
    There was no previous population-based study on the comparison of the risk of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) between autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) and age- and gender-matched controls. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of CSU after diagnosis of AITD using national registry data from Korea. The secondary objective was to evaluate other risk factors of CSU. Read More

    Case of shift from linear immunoglobulin A bullous dermatosis to pemphigus herpetiformis for a short period of time.
    J Dermatol 2017 Feb 5;44(2):189-193. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.
    Pemphigus herpetiformis (PH) is a rare variant of pemphigus characterized by erythemas and vesicles, tending to present with annular-shaped lesions. Immunologically, immunoglobulin (Ig)G deposition at the keratinocyte cell surfaces is observed. Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is a rare subepidermal blistering disease with linear IgA deposits at the epidermal basement membrane zone (BMZ). Read More

    Prognostic value of preoperative anti-thyroglobulin antibody in differentiated thyroid cancer.
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2017 May 10. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
    Context: The coexistence of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and thyroid autoimmune disease could represent a better or worse prognosis. This study investigated the prognostic importance of preoperative anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) in DTC patients.

    Design And Patients: This retrospective hospital-cohort study enrolled 1171 consecutive DTC patients with preoperative TgAb data, who underwent total thyroidectomy between January 2006 and December 2011. Read More

    Multicystic biliary hamartoma with extremely elevated CA19-9: a case report.
    Scand J Gastroenterol 2017 Aug 9;52(8):916-919. Epub 2017 May 9.
    a Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Life Sciences , Kumamoto University , Kumamoto , Japan.
    Multicystic biliary hamartoma (MCBH) is a rare cystic disease of the liver. We herein report a case of MCBH associated with extremely elevated levels of serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9. A 53-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of extremely elevated CA19-9 levels (more than 12,000 U/mL). Read More

    Steroid-Responsive Chronic Schizophreniform Syndrome in the Context of Mildly Increased Antithyroid Peroxidase Antibodies.
    Front Psychiatry 2017 21;8:64. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Section for Experimental Neuropsychiatry, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Background: Schizophreniform syndromes can be divided into primary forms from polygenic causes or secondary forms due to immunological, epileptiform, monogenic, or degenerative causes. Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) is a secondary immunological form associated with increased thyroid antibodies, such as antithyroid peroxidase antibodies and shows a good response to corticosteroids.

    Case Presentation: We present the case of a 41-year-old woman suffering from a schizophreniform syndrome. Read More

    1 OF 171