301 results match your criteria Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome


Screening and Identification of HTNV Entry Inhibitors with High-throughput Pseudovirus-based Chemiluminescence.

Virol Sin 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Division of HIV/AIDS and Sex-transmitted Virus Vaccines, Institute for Biological Product Control, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control (NIFDC) and WHO Collaborating Center for Standardization and Evaluation of Biologicals, Beijing 102629, China. Electronic address:

Hantaviruses, such as Hantaan virus (HTNV) and Seoul virus, are the causative agents of Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and are important zoonotic pathogens. China has the highest incidence of HFRS, which is mainly caused by HTNV and Seoul virus. No approved antiviral drugs are available for these hantaviral diseases. Read More

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Modeling of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.

Medwave 2022 Apr 26;22(3):e8722. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Centro de Investigación en Neuropsicología y Neurociencias Cognitivas (CINPSI Neurocog), Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.

Introduction: Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome is an infection caused by rodents of the Bunyanvirales family towards humans. This disease in Chile is considered endemic, which has a high fatality rate. At present, some studies show the contagion between people of the Andes virus, whose locality is concentrated in Argentina and Chile. Read More

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Use of a Novel Detection Tool to Survey Orthohantaviruses in Wild-Caught Rodent Populations.

Viruses 2022 Mar 25;14(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Center for Global Health, Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

Orthohantaviruses are negative-stranded RNA viruses with trisegmented genomes that can cause severe disease in humans and are carried by several host reservoirs throughout the world. Old World orthohantaviruses are primarily located throughout Europe and Asia, causing hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, and New World orthohantaviruses are found in North, Central, and South America, causing hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). In the United States, Sin Nombre orthohantavirus (SNV) is the primary cause of HCPS with a fatality rate of ~36%. Read More

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Virus isolation data improve host predictions for New World rodent orthohantaviruses.

J Anim Ecol 2022 Mar 31. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA.

Identifying reservoir host species is crucial for understanding the ecology of multi-host pathogens and predicting risks of pathogen spillover from wildlife to people. Predictive models are increasingly used for identifying ecological traits and prioritizing surveillance of likely zoonotic reservoirs, but these often employ different types of evidence for establishing host associations. Comparisons between models with different infection evidence are necessary to guide inferences about the trait profiles of likely hosts and identify which hosts and geographical regions are likely sources of spillover. Read More

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Human antibody recognizing a quaternary epitope in the Puumala virus glycoprotein provides broad protection against orthohantaviruses.

Sci Transl Med 2022 03 16;14(636):eabl5399. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

The rodent-borne hantavirus Puumala virus (PUUV) and related agents cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in humans. Other hantaviruses, including Andes virus (ANDV) and Sin Nombre virus, cause a distinct zoonotic disease, hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). Although these infections are severe and have substantial case fatality rates, no FDA-approved hantavirus countermeasures are available. Read More

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Influence of Climatic Factors on Human Hantavirus Infections in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Systematic Review.

Pathogens 2021 Dec 23;11(1). Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Department of Life Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine 999183, Trinidad and Tobago.

Background: With the current climate change crisis and its influence on infectious disease transmission there is an increased desire to understand its impact on infectious diseases globally. Hantaviruses are found worldwide, causing infectious diseases such as haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS)/hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in tropical regions such as Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). These regions are inherently vulnerable to climate change impacts, infectious disease outbreaks and natural disasters. Read More

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December 2021

Case Report: Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome Diagnostic in the Face of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2022 01 19;106(3):870-873. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Laboratório de Hantaviroses e Rickettsioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is an emerging rodent-borne disease in the Americas. The most common initial symptoms of HCPS are similar to those of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections that evolve rapidly to respiratory failure, resulting from pulmonary edema and shock in about 40% of cases. We describe a fatal case of HCPS in a 24-year-old man who was hospitalized with fever, hemoconcentration, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, dry cough and a bilateral diffuse alveolar pulmonary infiltrate during the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Read More

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January 2022

Hantavirus.

Authors:
Raúl Riquelme

Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2021 12 16;42(6):822-827. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Puerto Montt Hospital, San Sebastian University, Puerto Montt, Chile.

Hantaviruses are tri-segmented lipid-enveloped RNA viruses belonging to the family. Human infection corresponds to a zoonosis associated with two different clinical syndromes: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome that occurs in Asia and Europe and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) that occurs in the North America, Central America and South America. The major pathogenic mechanisms in HCPS include (1) direct microvascular endothelial injury leading to increased capillary permeability and the development of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and acute respiratory distress syndrome, and (2) exaggerated host immune response leading to secondary organ damage. Read More

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December 2021

Occupational Hantavirus Infections in Agricultural and Forestry Workers: A Systematic Review and Metanalysis.

Viruses 2021 10 25;13(11). Epub 2021 Oct 25.

Postgraduate School of Occupational Medicine, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, I-00168 Rome, Italy.

Hantaviruses are zoonotic pathogens that can cause serious human disorders, including hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome. As the main risk factor for human infections is the interaction with rodents, occupational groups such as farmers and forestry workers are reportedly at high risk, but no summary evidence has been collected to date. Therefore, we searched two different databases (PubMed and EMBASE), focusing on studies reporting the prevalence of hantaviruses in farmers and forestry workers. Read More

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October 2021

Development and design of the Hantavirus registry - HantaReg - for epidemiological studies, outbreaks and clinical studies on hantavirus disease.

Clin Kidney J 2021 Nov 5;14(11):2365-2370. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department II of Internal Medicine and Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Frequent outbreaks around the globe and endemic appearance in different parts of the world emphasize the substantial risk of hantavirus diseases. Increasing incidence rates, trends of changing distribution of hantavirus species and new insights into clinical courses of hantavirus diseases call for multinational surveillance. Furthermore, evidence-based guidelines for the management of hantavirus diseases and scoring systems, which allow stratification of patients into risk categories, are lacking. Read More

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November 2021

Successful Implementation of a Rapid Screening Tool for Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome: 5 Years of Experience From a Community Hospital in an Endemic Region.

Am J Clin Pathol 2022 04;157(4):498-501

Navajo Epidemiology Center, Window Rock, AZ, USA.

Objectives: Hantavirus is endemic in the Four Corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah, and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) disproportionately affects the Navajo Nation. We describe the application of a rapid screening tool for identification of HCPS.

Methods: A rapid screening tool for HCPS was implemented at Tséhootsooí Medical Center (TMC) in collaboration with academic partners. Read More

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Hantavirus Disease and COVID-19.

Am J Clin Pathol 2022 03;157(3):470-475

Navajo Epidemiology Center, Window Rock, AZ, USA.

Objectives: Navajo Nation is disproportionately affected by hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), a severe respiratory disease that can quickly progress to respiratory failure and cardiogenic shock. The initial signs and symptoms of HCPS are indistinguishable from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, this distinction is critical, as the disease course differs greatly, with most patients with COVID-19 experiencing mild to moderate illness. Read More

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Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome and Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in the Era of COVID-19.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 24;2021:8800500. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Infectious Disease, Sanford USD Medical Center, Sioux Falla, SD, USA.

Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) can occur after infection with Hantavirus which can occur by inhaling aerosolized rodent urine, feces, and saliva contaminated with the virus. It presents with the rapid development of pulmonary edema, respiratory failure, and cardiogenic shock with the hallmark being microvascular leakage. We report a patient with a history of alcohol abuse and recent exposure to mice and sick kittens who presented with cough with sputum production, shortness of breath, orthopnea, and new-onset lower extremity edema. Read More

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September 2021

Hantaviruses in Agricultural and Forestry Workers: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Italian Physicians.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2021 Sep 20;6(3). Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Via Gramsci, 14, I-43126 Parma, PR, Italy.

Hantaviruses are viral pathogens usually endemic in rodent populations. Human exposure follows inhalation of dusts contaminated with rodent excreta, and most individuals have been infected in occupational settings heavily contaminated with rodent droppings, such as agricultural and forestry. To date, knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical professionals, especially occupational physicians (OP), regarding hantavirus disease in at-risk workers have been scarcely investigated. Read More

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September 2021

Tracing Transmission of Sin Nombre Virus and Discovery of Infection in Multiple Rodent Species.

J Virol 2021 11 22;95(23):e0153421. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Center for Global Health, Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexicogrid.266832.b Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Sin Nombre orthohantavirus (SNV), a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that is carried and transmitted by the North American deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus, can cause infection in humans through inhalation of aerosolized excreta from infected rodents. This infection can lead to hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which has an ∼36% case-fatality rate. We used reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to confirm SNV infection in a patient and identified SNV in lung tissues in wild-caught rodents from potential sites of exposure. Read More

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November 2021

Therapeutic Efficacy of Human Monoclonal Antibodies against Andes Virus Infection in Syrian Hamsters.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 10;27(10):2707-2710

Andes virus, an orthohantavirus endemic to South America, causes severe hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome associated with human-to-human transmission. No approved treatments or vaccines against this virus are available. We show that a combined treatment with 2 monoclonal antibodies protected Syrian hamsters when administered at midstage or late-stage disease. Read More

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October 2021

Hantavirus infections in Italy: not reported doesn't mean inexistent.

Acta Biomed 2021 09 2;92(4):e2021324. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (LIAM), Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of York, Toronto (ON), Canada.

Background: Hantaviruses can cause serious human diseases including hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS). European Hantavirus are usually associated with HFRS, and their geographical distribution mirrors the ecology of reservoir host species. Epidemiology of HFRS is well-studied in Western Europe, but data from Italy are fragmentary. Read More

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September 2021

[Controversies on corticosteroid therapy in hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome].

Medicina (B Aires) 2021 ;81(4):617-623

Hospital de Infecciosas Francisco J. Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome is an emerging zoonosis in Argentina, which has low incidence but high death rates. No specific pharmacological therapy is available and symptomatic therapy is the only current alternative. This article presents the pathogenesis of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome through a review of clinical experiences in neighbor South American countries, mainly Chile, and the experience acquired at the Infectious Diseases Hospital Francisco Javier Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Read More

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Longitudinal Assessment of Cytokine Expression and Plasminogen Activation in Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome Reveals Immune Regulatory Dysfunction in End-Stage Disease.

Viruses 2021 08 12;13(8). Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

Pathogenic New World orthohantaviruses cause hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), a severe immunopathogenic disease in humans manifested by pulmonary edema and respiratory distress, with case fatality rates approaching 40%. High levels of inflammatory mediators are present in the lungs and systemic circulation of HCPS patients. Previous studies have provided insights into the pathophysiology of HCPS. Read More

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Cells of the human respiratory tract support the replication of pathogenic Old World orthohantavirus Puumala.

Virol J 2021 08 17;18(1):169. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 162, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Transmission of all known pathogenic orthohantaviruses (family Hantaviridae) usually occurs via inhalation of aerosols contaminated with viral particles derived from infected rodents and organ manifestation of infections is characterized by lung and kidney involvement. Orthohantaviruses found in Eurasia cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and New World orthohantaviruses cause hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). However, cases of infection with Old World orthohantaviruses with severe pulmonary manifestations have also been observed. Read More

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Evidence of Hantavirus circulation among municipal street sweepers, southwest of Iran.

Virusdisease 2021 Jun 21;32(2):251-254. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Arboviruses and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (National Reference Laboratory), Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Hantaviruses are rodent-borne zoonosis pathogens that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) in humans. Rodents spread the virus via their excretions. The outbreak of Hantaviruses pose a significant public health problem. Read More

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Hanta hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome: A pathology in whose diagnosis kidney biopsy plays a major role (Review).

Exp Ther Med 2021 Sep 12;22(3):984. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Nephrology, 'Fundeni' Clinical Institute, 022328 Bucharest, Romania.

Hantavirus infection belongs to a group of zoonoses rare in the Balkan Peninsula, causing two major syndromes, depending on the viral serotype involved: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) also known as endemic nephropathy and cardiopulmonary syndrome (CPS). Because there is no specific treatment or vaccine for this condition approved in the USA or Europe, the key to minimizing the risk of adverse progression to chronic kidney disease, secondary hypertension or even death is primarily the recognition and early diagnosis of this condition with prompt therapeutic intervention. The aim of this study was to review the literature data on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and management of this disease and to identify several aspects related to the difficulties encountered in diagnosing this pathology, taking into consideration that the disease is not endemic in this geographical area. Read More

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September 2021

Proteinuria in Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome: A Frequent Finding Linked To Mortality.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 13;110:466-468. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Programa Hantavirus, Instituto de Ciencias e Innovación en Medicina (ICIM), Facultad de Medicina, Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Pediatría, Clínica Alemana de Santiago, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine the relative frequency and prognosis value of proteinuria in hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) due to Andes virus.

Methods: This observational analytical study prospectively obtained data from patients admitted to 12 health centers in nine Chilean cities between 2001 and 2018. Only patients with confirmed Andes virus HCPS and laboratory characterization that included qualitative proteinuria determination at admission were considered. Read More

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September 2021

Orthohantavirus Survey in Indigenous Lands in a Savannah-Like Biome, Brazil.

Viruses 2021 06 11;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Laboratory of Hantaviruses and Rickettsioses, Oswaldo Cruz Institute-FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro 21040-900, RJ, Brazil.

In Brazil, the first confirmed cases of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in Indigenous populations occurred in 2001. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of orthohantavirus infections in the Utiariti Indigenous land located in the southeastern region of the Brazilian Amazon. In December 2014 and 2015, a survey was conducted using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in nine villages belonging to the Haliti-Paresí Indigenous communities. Read More

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A novel genotype of Hantaan orthohantavirus harbored by Apodemus agrarius chejuensis as a potential etiologic agent of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Republic of Korea.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 05 12;15(5):e0009400. Epub 2021 May 12.

BK21 Graduate Program, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Orthohantaviruses, causing hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, pose a significant public health threat worldwide. Despite the significant mortality and morbidity, effective antiviral therapeutics for orthohantavirus infections are currently unavailable. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of HFRS-associated orthohantaviruses and identify the etiological agent of orthohantavirus outbreaks in southern Republic of Korea (ROK). Read More

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Two Atypical Cases of Hantavirus Infection: Experience from a Tertiary Care Unit in Sri Lanka.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 21;2021:5555613. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

National Hospital-Kandy, Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Hantaviruses are a large family of enveloped viruses with two medically important families Cricetidae and Muridae which are known to cause rodent-borne diseases worldwide. Some strains cause clinical syndromes with multiorgan involvement in humans such as hantavirus haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which is also known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Clinical differentiation of this infection from other endemic infections in Sri Lanka such as leptospirosis and rickettsial infections is extremely difficult due to overlapping clinical and epidemiologic features such as exposure to rodents and farming. Read More

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Broad and potently neutralizing monoclonal antibodies isolated from human survivors of New World hantavirus infection.

Cell Rep 2021 05;35(5):109086

Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address:

New World hantaviruses (NWHs) are endemic in North and South America and cause hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), with a case fatality rate of up to 40%. Knowledge of the natural humoral immune response to NWH infection is limited. Here, we describe human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) isolated from individuals previously infected with Sin Nombre virus (SNV) or Andes virus (ANDV). Read More

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Epidemiology, virology and clinical aspects of hantavirus infections: an overview.

Int J Environ Health Res 2021 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, 110062, India.

At the end of 2019 and 2020s, a wave of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) epidemics worldwide has catalyzed a new era of 'communicable infectious diseases'. However, the world is not currently prepared to deal with the growing burden of COVID-19, with the unexpected arrival of Hantavirus infection heading to the next several healthcare emergencies in public. Hantavirus is a significant class of zoonotic pathogens of negative-sense single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA). Read More

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Cytokine Profiles and Antibody Response Associated to Choclo Orthohantavirus Infection.

Front Immunol 2021 19;12:603228. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Microbiology, Biotechnology Center, Faculty of Biological Science, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

Background: New World Hantaviruses (NWHs) are the etiological agent underlying hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), a severe respiratory disease with high mortality rates in humans. In Panama, infections with (CHOV) cause a much milder illness characterized by higher seroprevalence and lower mortality rates. To date, the cytokine profiles and antibody responses associated with this milder form of HCPS have not been defined. Read More

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Targeted high volume hemofiltration could avoid extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in some patients with severe Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.

J Med Virol 2021 08 23;93(8):4738-4747. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Departamento de Paciente Crítico, Clínica Alemana de Santiago, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) has a high lethality. Severe cases may be rescued by venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO), alongside substantial complications. High volume hemofiltration (HVHF) is a depurative technique that provides homeostatic balance allowing hemodynamic stabilization in some critically ill patients. Read More

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