447,807 results match your criteria Hand Injury High Pressure


[Augmented reality and virtual reality in the operating theatre status quo und quo vadis].

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):500-508. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie der Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Mainz.

Introduction:  Virtual reality (VR) is an artificially simulated environment permitting interaction. On the other hand, augmented reality (AR) is an enhanced version of reality created by the use of technology to overlay digital information on an image of something being viewed through a device. Both technologies have partially been implemented in clinical daily routine. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Pharmacokinetics of Prenylflavonoids following Oral Ingestion of Standardized Epimedium Extract in Humans.

Planta Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Leaves of the plant are traditionally consumed for bone health and other indications. The aim of this study was to establish the safety and pharmacokinetics of the metabolites of prenylflavonoids (icariin, icariside I, icariside II, icaritin, and desmethylicaritin) following single doses of a defined prenylflavonoid extract in humans. A single oral dose of 370, 740, or 1110 mg of a standardized prenylflavonoid extract was administered to 30 healthy male subjects in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.152 Impact Factor

Identifying Potentially Modifiable Factors Associated with Treatment Non-Adherence in Paediatric Growth Hormone Deficiency: A Systematic Review.

Horm Res Paediatr 2018 Dec 6;90(4):1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background: Despite the developments of recombinant growth hormone (rhGH) treatment and the benefits in long-term clinical health outcomes, evidence has shown that many children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) still fail to achieve their target adult height. Suboptimal outcomes have been largely attributed to treatment non-adherence.

Methods: A search of 11 electronic databases was undertaken to identify relevant articles, published in English, between 1985 and 2018. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The effect of unilateral lingual nerve injury on the kinematics of mastication in pigs.

Arch Oral Biol 2018 Nov 22;98:226-237. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine Hall 228, Athens, OH, 45701, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: This study evaluates the effect of unilateral lingual sensory loss on the spatial and temporal dynamics of jaw movements during pig chewing.

Design: X-ray Reconstruction of Moving Morphology (XROMM) was used to reconstruct the 3-dimensional jaw movements of 6 pigs during chewing before and after complete unilateral lingual nerve transection. The effect of the transection were evaluated at the temporal and spatial level using Multiple Analysis of Variance. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ammonium persulphate induced synthesis of polymethyl methacrylate grafted sodium alginate composite films with high strength for food packaging.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

State Key Laboratory of Bio-Fibers and Eco-Textiles, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, PR China; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, PR China. Electronic address:

The graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto alginate was carried out in aqueous media by initiators of ammonium persulphate under a nitrogen gas atmosphere. Then, the grafting of PMMA chains onto the alginate backbone was confirmed through the study of Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. At last, a thin and transparent polymethyl methacrylate grafted alginate film with high strength was obtained by the casting method. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and cancer: A genetic and a molecular perspective.

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee;; Department of Veterans Affairs, Nashville, TN, USA. Electronic address:

Cytochrome CYP450 epoxygenases catalyze the epoxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids including arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid. The arachidonic acid-derived products are potent pro-angiogenic lipids and promote tumor development and growth. On the other hand, eicosapentaenoic acid- and docosahexaenoic acid-derived products inhibit angiogenesis and play a protective role in certain pathological conditions including cancer. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

An Interactive and Low-Cost Full Body Rehabilitation Framework Based on 3D Immersive Serious Games.

J Biomed Inform 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Computer Science Sapienza University of Rome, Via Salaria 113, 00198, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Strokes, surgeries, or degenerative diseases can impair motor abilities and balance. Long-term rehabilitation is often the only way to recover, as completely as possible, these lost skills. To be effective, this type of rehabilitation should follow three main rules. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Patient-reported outcomes associated with different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry: A systematic review and MTC meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208437. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Despite the increasing number of studies evaluating patient reported outcome measures (PROs), there is no clearness regarding which restorative treatment offers major benefits based on the pediatric patient perspective.

Aim: To compare different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry regarding patient-reported outcomes.

Design: Literature searching was carried out on prospective studies indexed in PubMed, Scopus and OpenGrey. Read More

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December 2018
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Uterine contractility changes in a perfused swine uterus model induced by local anesthetics procaine, lidocaine, and ropivacaine.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0206053. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Fertility Disorders, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Local anesthetics (LAs) are increasingly used as therapeutics due to their multiple molecular effects. They may be potential agents also in gynecology and reproductive medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate the contractility response of the perfused swine uterus to different concentrations of the LAs procaine, lidocaine, and ropivacaine. Read More

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December 2018

On the role of magnesium in a LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescent dosimeter.

J Phys Condens Matter 2019 Jan;31(2):025502

Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Coyoacan Mexico City, Mexico.

LiF doped with Mg and Ti is the most widely used thermoluminescent (TL) dosimeter for a large variety of applications. It has been argued that the Mg dopant is the most important defect in the TL process. Besides the common F-centre defects in LiF, optical absorption measurements have suggested the presence of Mg-related absorption bands at 380 nm (3. Read More

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January 2019

Workload and Performance: Associations, Insensitivities, and Dissociations.

Hum Factors 2018 Dec 6:18720818809590. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Central Florida, Orlando.

Objective:: The aim of this study was to distill and define those influences under which change in objective performance level and the linked cognitive workload reflections of subjective experience and physiological variation either associate, dissociate, or are insensitive, one to another.

Background:: Human factors/ergonomics frequently employs users' self-reports of their own conscious experience, as well as their physiological reactivity, to augment the understanding of changing performance capacity. Under some circumstances, these latter workload responses are the only available assessment information to hand. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

On the Electrochemical Degradation of Pt-Ni Nanocatalysts: An Identical Location Aberration-Corrected STEM Study.

Nano Lett 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The evolution of PtNi nanopartiles supported on amorphous carbon is investigated before and after electrochemical potential cycling (0.6-1.1V), using aberration-corrected STEM and EDS. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Single-scan diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy of SABRE-hyperpolarized mixtures.

Chemphyschem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Bâtiment 27, 1, avenue de la Terrasse, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette, FRANCE.

The analysis of complex mixtures of dissolved molecules is a major challenge, especially for systems that gradually evolve, e.g., in the course of a chemical reaction or in the case of chemical instability. Read More

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December 2018

Living Messages from Chemistry Icons: Legacies with Contemporary Relevance.

Chem Rec 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

International Organization for Chemical Sciences in Development, 61 rue de Bruxelles, B-5000, Namur, Belgium.

Beyond individual scientific virtuosity and creativity that leading figures in chemistry have displayed, they have sometimes conveyed wider messages of significance beyond their own professional specialization. They include insights into broader aspects of science, society or the ways of the world. On the other hand, the words, attitudes and actions of eminent chemists from former times have not always presented good models for others to follow, whether judged by their own contemporary or our present standards. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

BaiHui: Cross-species Brain-specific Network Built with Hundreds of Hand-curated Datasets.

Bioinformatics 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Computational Medicine & Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

Motivation: Functional gene networks, representing how likely two genes work in the same biological process, are important models for studying gene interactions in complex tissues. However, a limitation of the current network-building scheme is the lack of leveraging evidence from multiple model organisms as well as the lack of expert curation and quality control of the input genomic data.

Results: Here, we present BaiHui, a brain-specific functional gene network built by probabilistically integrating expertly-hand-curated (by reading original publications) heterogeneous and multi-species genomic data in human, mouse and rat brains. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Shear flow simulations of smectic liquid crystals based on the Gay-Berne fluid and the soft sphere string-fluid.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. and Department of Chemistry, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 538 751 21, Uppsala, Sweden and Centre of Advanced Research in Bionanoconjugates and Biopolymers, Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Aleea Grigore Ghica-Voda, 41A, 700487 Iasi, Romania.

We have studied the shear flow of the smectic A phase of three coarse grained liquid crystal model systems, namely two versions of the Gay-Berne fluid and the soft sphere string-fluid. At low shear rates, the orientation where the smectic layers are parallel to the shear plane and the orientation parallel to the vorticity plane are both stable in all the systems. In one of the Gay-Berne fluids, there is a transition from the orientation parallel to the shear plane to the orientation parallel to the vorticity plane. Read More

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December 2018

Why Does Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula Occur After Hand-sewn Parenchymal Closure and Staple Closure in Distal Pancreatectomy?

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Hand-sewing (HS) and stapling are common parenchymal closure techniques after distal pancreatectomy. However, these methods cannot completely prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The mechanisms of POPF formation after closure are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Fragmentation of Valence and Carbon Core Excited and Ionized CHFCF Molecule.

J Phys Chem A 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The photofragmentation dynamics of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R134a) with photon energies from 12 eV up to 320 eV, surrounding the C 1s edge is discussed. The ionic moieties were measured according to their mass to charge ratio, in coincidence with the photoelectrons (PEPICO mode), and collected as a function of the incident photon energy. In the C K core region, the fragmentation patterns are examined in terms of site specific excitation of the CH2FCF3 molecule. Read More

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December 2018

Residue-level determinants of Angiopoietin-2 interactions with its receptor Tie2.

Proteins 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

We combined computational and experimental methods to interrogate the binding determinants of Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) to its receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) Tie2 - a central signaling system in angiogenesis, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. We employed physics-based electrostatic and surface-area calculations to identify the subset of interfacial Ang2 and Tie2 residues that can affect binding directly. Using random and site-directed mutagenesis and yeast surface display (YSD), we validated these predictions and identified additional Ang2 positions that affected receptor binding. Read More

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December 2018

Self-ordering promoted by the nanoconfinement of poly(3-hexylthiophene) and its nanocomposite with single-walled carbon nanotubes.

Nanotechnology 2019 Feb;30(5):055603

Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel (IMN), Université de Nantes, CNRS, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 32229, F-44322 Nantes cedex 3, France. Laboratoire de Recherche LR 18ES19, Synthèse asymétrique et ingénierie moléculaire de matériaux organiques pour l'électronique organique, Faculté des Sciences de Monastir, University of Monastir, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia.

Nanostructuration and self-ordering of semiconducting organic materials are required to fabricate highly efficient photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. In this work, we investigated the combined effect of melt-assisted template processing and self-ordering of high purity regio-regular poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) to obtain nanofibers of P3HT and of P3HT-single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) nanocomposites. An original ordering of the polymer and the carbon nanotubes within the nanofibers, as well as their surprising anisotropic photoluminescent properties were determined by vibrational and optical spectroscopy. Read More

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February 2019
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Diagnostic Value of HLA Typing in Pathogenesis of Cardiomyopathy.

Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center, Research Institute of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz. Iran.

Development of cardiomyopathy (CM) is dependent upon several factors. However, reaction of immune response against myocardial tissue due to microbial and viral infections plays an important role in this disease. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between HLAs and their pathogenic mechanisms in the incidence of CM. Read More

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December 2018

3D Printing Methods for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing: Opportunity and Challenges.

Curr Pharm Des 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062. India.

Background: A recently FDA approved 3D printed drug is paving a path for new pharmaceutical manufacturing era. The 3D printing is a novel approach of producing 3D pharmaceuticals from digital designs, in a layer-by-layer fashion. However, traditional manufacturing of drug products are being carried out from decades with well-established manufacturing processes and with well approved regulatory guidelines but these processes are too obsolete in concern of process aptitude and manufacturing flexibility. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
3.452 Impact Factor

Molecular Characterization and Tissue Distribution of Mitochondrial Ca -Dependent Solute Carrier Protein during Prevention of Diapause by HCl Treatment in the Silkworm, Bombyx mori.

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):487-493

1 Department of Biosciences, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Sakurajosui 3-25-40, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550, Japan.

To clarify the molecular mechanism of prevention of entry into diapause in Bombyx mori by HCl treatment, we biochemically analyzed mitochondrial Ca -dependent solute carrier protein (MCSC) in diapause eggs treated with HCl solution. Our previous studies revealed that HCl treatment causes Ca to efflux from diapause eggs. Therefore, we attempted to analyze MCSC, which is known to associate with Ca . Read More

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December 2018

Emerging Design and Characterization Guidelines for Polymer-Based Infrared Photodetectors.

Acc Chem Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering , University of California San Diego , 9500 Gilman Drive , La Jolla , California 92093-0407 , United States.

Infrared photodetectors are essential to many applications, including surveillance, communications, process monitoring, and biological imaging. The short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral region (λ = 1-3 μm) is particularly powerful for health monitoring and medical diagnostics because biological tissues show low absorbance and minimal SWIR autofluorescence, enabling greater penetration depth and improved resolution in comparison with visible light. However, current SWIR photodetection technologies are largely based on epitaxially grown inorganic semiconductors, which are costly, require complex processing, and impose cooling requirements incompatible with wearable electronics. Read More

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December 2018

Co-occurrence of V1016I and F1534C mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel and resistance to pyrethroids in Aedes aegypti (L.) from the Colombian Caribbean region.

Pest Manag Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Av. Universidad s/n Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza, NL, 66455, Mexico.

Background: Knockdown resistance is conferred primarily by non-synonymous mutations that reduce pyrethroids binding to voltage-gated sodium channels. In 2014, kdr mutation V1016I in Aedes aegypti populations resistant to pyrethroids was reported for the first time in Colombiα, in 2016 another kdr mutation, F1534C and in 2018 the mutation V419L. Nine populations of A. Read More

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December 2018
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The role of BRCA1-associated protein 1 in the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma in effusion and fine-needle aspiration cytology.

Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

Background: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a diagnostically challenging entity in cytology specimens due to the lack of architectural context and a cytomorphologic overlap between malignant and reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs). A diagnostic marker with excellent specificity is not currently available in clinical practice. The newly appreciated BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) antibody may help distinguish MM from RMC based on its immunohistochemical (IHC) staining pattern but its role in cytopathology is controversial. Read More

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December 2018
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Passive sampling of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) along the Quequén Grande River watershed (Argentina).

Environ Toxicol Chem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Laboratorio de Ecotoxicología y Contaminación Ambiental, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP) - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Deán Funes 3350, Mar del Plata, 7600, Argentina.

Water monitoring is of great importance, especially for waterbodies in agricultural or industrial areas. Grab sampling is a widely used technique for aquatic monitoring but represents only a snapshot of the contaminant levels at a specific point in time. Passive sampling, on the other hand, is an integrative technique which provides an average concentration of contaminants representative for its deployment period. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA): contact allergies in relation to body sites in patients with allergic contact dermatitis.

Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Dermatology, The Netherlands.

Background: Analyses of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA) database have focused primarily on prevalence of contact allergies to the European baseline series; overall and in subgroups of patients. However, affected body sites have hitherto not been addressed.

Objective: To determine prevalence of contact allergies for distinct body sites in patients with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Deep-Learning Convolutional Neural Network: Inner and Outer Bladder Wall Segmentation in CT Urography.

Med Phys 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109-0904.

Purpose: We are developing a computerized segmentation tool for the inner and outer bladder wall as a part of an image analysis pipeline for CT urography (CTU).

Materials And Methods: A data set of 172 CTU cases was collected retrospectively with IRB approval. The data set was randomly split into two independent sets of training (81 cases) and testing (92 cases) which were manually outlined for both the inner and outer wall. Read More

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December 2018

Mediolateral and dorsoventral projection patterns of cutaneous afferents within transverse planes of the mouse spinal dorsal horn.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Physiology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

The central projection patterns of cutaneous afferents from the forelimb and shoulder of mice were studied in the spinal dorsal horn after intracutaneous injection of AlexaFluor 488-conjugated and/or 594-conjugated cholera toxin subunit B (CTB). Based on their dermatomes, the following eight skin regions are thought to be innervated by spinal nerves from the sixth to eighth cervical spinal nerve roots: the dorsal surface of the shoulder, brachium, proximal forearm, distal forearm, hand, palmar surface of the second and third digits, and palm. The termination areas of afferents from the dorsal surface of the shoulder and forearm were narrow, distributed in a dorsoventral direction, and aligned in order from lateral to medial within the sixth to eighth cervical dorsal horns. Read More

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December 2018
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HIV gp120-induced neuroinflammation potentiates NMDA receptors to overcome basal suppression of inhibitory synapses by p38 MAPK.

J Neurochem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) affects about half of HIV-infected patients. HIV impairs neuronal function through indirect mechanisms mainly mediated by inflammatory cytokines and neurotoxic viral proteins, such as the envelope protein gp120. HIV gp120 elicits a neuroinflammatory response that potentiates NMDA receptor function and induces the loss of excitatory synapses. Read More

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December 2018

Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) in AO/OTA type B displaced clavicle fractures.

Musculoskelet Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, 576104, India.

Introduction: Open reduction and plate fixation is known to reduce chances of malunion and symptomatic nonunion in displaced middle-third clavicle fractures. However, this treatment modality is also associated with several complications, such as hardware irritation, numbness around the surgical scar, infection, nonunion and implant failure. The minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique may reduce these complications. Read More

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December 2018

Quenching of Luminol Fluorescence at Nano-Bio Interface: Towards the Development of an Efficient Energy Transfer System.

J Fluoresc 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Centre for Advanced Studies, Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, 793022, India.

Surface modified colloidal gold (Au) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were used as efficient quenchers of luminol (LH) fluorescence either in homogeneous aqueous medium or its noncovalent assembly with bovine serum albumin (BSA). The mechanism as well as the extent of fluorescence quenching was found to be strongly dependent on the nature of the nanoparticles. While simple static type fluorescence quenching mechanism was perceived with AuNP, a more complex protocol involving quenching sphere model was envisaged for AgNP quenching. Read More

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December 2018
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Empiric neurocognitive performance profile discovery and interpretation in HIV infection.

J Neurovirol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychiatry, 1E.1 WC Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R7, Canada.

The measurement and determinants of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are under intense debate. We used latent profile analysis (LPA) and machine learning to define neurocognitive performance profiles and identify their associated risk factors in HIV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Neurocognitive performance was assessed by a multidomain neuropsychological test battery. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Cell laden alginate-keratin based composite microcapsules containing bioactive glass for tissue engineering applications.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2018 Dec 5;29(12):185. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Biomaterials, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Cauerstr.6, 91058, Erlangen, Germany.

Microcapsules based on alginate-keratin, alginate dialdehyde (ADA)-keratin and ADA-keratin-45S5 bioactive glass (BG) were successfully prepared. The samples were characterized by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results showed that ADA-based materials possess higher degradation rate compared to alginate-based materials. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Microsurgical reconstruction with vascularized fibula and massive bone allograft for bone tumors.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, via Pupilli n1, 40136, Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: Combining massive bone allograft and vascularized fibula in intercalary reconstruction following resection of bone tumors represents a complex reconstructive procedure that requires specialists in microvascular surgery as well as orthopedic surgery. The purpose of our study was to examine the outcomes using this surgical technique in patients with bone tumors in terms of oncologic results, complications related to surgery, Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores and duration of surgery.

Materials And Methods: We analyzed 81 patients with femoral or tibial sarcomas who underwent intercalary resection and microsurgical reconstruction with massive bone allograft and vascularized fibula. Read More

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December 2018

Tailoring Fano lineshapes using plasmonic nanobars for highly sensitive sensing and directional emission.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Nanophotonic Functional Materials and Devices, School of Information and Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China.

Plasmonic oligomers are one class of the most promising nanoclusters for generating Fano resonances. This study reveals that a nanobar-based heptamer concurrently sustains triple polarization-dependent Fano resonances, in sharp contrast to traditional nanodisk or nanosphere-based counterparts. Benefiting from the enhanced near field and reduced spectral linewidth, the gold heptamer exhibits a high refractive index sensitivity (940 nm per RIU) together with a figure of merit (FoM) value as large as 20. Read More

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December 2018

Pain Management during Rehabilitation after Distal Radius Fracture Stabilized with Volar Locking Plate: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Biomed Res Int 2018 5;2018:5786089. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Orthopedics, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Nanbaixiang, Ouhai, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, China.

Introduction: Internal fixation with volar locking plate (VLP) was widely adopted as a first-line choice in treatment of distal radius fracture (DRF).

Methods: Total 315 patients with distal radius fracture receiving VLP fixation were included for analysis in this study. The rehabilitation protocol was started immediately after surgery for all patients. Read More

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November 2018

Assessing community (peer) researcher's experiences with conducting spirometry and being engaged in the 'Participatory Research in Ottawa: Management and Point-of-care for Tobacco-dependence' (PROMPT) project.

Res Involv Engagem 2018 1;4:43. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

5Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Plain Summary: This article examines the overall experiences of community researchers in their involvement with the 'PROMPT' project for smoking cessation, which targeted community members who were homeless or at-risk for homelessness. More specifically, four community members, representing the study population were involved in the project as researchers. They were asked to complete surveys at both the beginning and end of each research training session to better understand their learning as it related to using a key instrument for this project, a spirometer, to measure project participants' lung function. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Level of adherence to dietary recommendations and barriers among type 2 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study in an Ethiopian hospital.

Clin Diabetes Endocrinol 2018 29;4:21. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, BOX 520 Gondar, PO Ethiopia.

Background: Limited data are available regarding the level of adherence and barriers to dietary recommendations in individuals with type 2 diabetes in Africa including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the level of dietary adherence and its barriers among patients with type 2 diabetes in northwest Ethiopia.

Methods: A prospective hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August to October 2017 at Debre Tabor General Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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November 2018

SSR-seq: Genotyping of microsatellites using next-generation sequencing reveals higher level of polymorphism as compared to traditional fragment size scoring.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 25;8(22):10817-10833. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK) Gatersleben Germany.

Microsatellites (or simple sequence repeats, SSR) are widely used markers in population genetics. Traditionally, genotyping was and still is carried out through recording fragment length. Now, next-generation sequencing (NGS) makes it easy to obtain also sequence information for the loci of interest. Read More

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November 2018

The impact of autotrophic versus heterotrophic nutritional pathways on colony health and wound recovery in corals.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 18;8(22):10805-10816. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Biology Boston University Boston Massachusetts.

For animals that harbor photosynthetic symbionts within their tissues, such as corals, the different relative contributions of autotrophy versus heterotrophy to organismal energetic requirements have direct impacts on fitness. This is especially true for facultatively symbiotic corals, where the balance between host-caught and symbiont-produced energy can be altered substantially to meet the variable demands of a shifting environment. In this study, we utilized a temperate coral-algal system (the northern star coral, and its photosynthetic endosymbiont, ) to explore the impacts of nutritional sourcing on the host's health and ability to regenerate experimentally excised polyps. Read More

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November 2018

Masters or pawns? Examining injury and chronic disease in male Masters Athletes and chess players compared to population norms from the Canadian Community Health Survey.

Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 2018 30;15:15. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, 116 Norman Bethune College, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Canada.

Background: Identifying the optimal type and amount of activity for the maintenance of function in older adults has proved challenging. On the one hand, Masters Athletes have been proposed as the ideal model of successful aging but most of this research has focused on physical functioning. On the other hand, the importance of cognitive engagement has been emphasized, which may be more strongly related to activities such as playing chess. Read More

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November 2018

Role of lncRNA and EZH2 Interaction/Regulatory Network in Lung Cancer.

J Cancer 2018 18;9(22):4156-4165. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of the 2nd Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hunan Cancer Hospital and The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. China.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein-coding transcripts and longer than 200 nucleotides. LncRNAs have been demonstrated to modulate gene expression at transcriptional, post-transcriptional, as well as epigenetic levels in lung cancer. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads