36,833 results match your criteria Hand Infections


A novel ergonomic wheelchair reduces bacterial hand contamination.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2020 Jul 3:1-4. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

To determine whether bacterial contamination of rider's hands is less with a novel ergonomic wheelchair (EW) than a standard wheelchair (SW). After wheelchair hand rims were disinfected, volunteers wearing nitrile gloves propelled each wheelchair through a standardised "run" in hospital. Post-run cultures were obtained from riders' gloved hands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2020.1786735DOI Listing

Are Symptoms Sufficient in the Decision to Start Antibiotics in Tonsillopharyngitis?

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul 2020 10;54(2):201-205. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Istanbul Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Unnecessary use of antibiotics is one of the causes of antibiotic resistance. Rapid Antigen Test (RAT) is recommended to prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics by providing bacteria/virus isolation in patients with tonsillopharyngitis. However, in patients with typical symptoms, false-negative test results may lead to doubt in doctors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/SEMB.2018.01336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326667PMC

Emergence of multidrug-resistant non-fermentative gram negative bacterial infection in hospitalized patients in a tertiary care center of Nepal.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jul 2;13(1):319. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Objective: This study was designed for the characterization and establishment of antibiotic susceptibility profiles of non-fermentative gram negative bacteria isolated from hospitalized patients in a tertiary care hospital of Nepal.

Results: A total of 402 non-fermentative gram negative bacteria was isolated in 1486 culture-positive cases from 6216 different clinical samples obtained from hospitalized patients. Among total non-fermentative gram negative bacterial isolates, the highest number was recovered from specimens collected from lower respiratory tract infections (n = 173, 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05163-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330544PMC

Bioprospecting of Nitrogenous Heterocyclic Scaffolds with Potential Action for Neglected Parasitosis: A Review.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, R. Baraúnas, 351, Cidade Universitária, Campina Grande, Paraíba, 58429-500. Brazil.

Neglected parasitic diseases are a group of infections currently considered as a worldwide concern. This fact can be attributed to the migration of these diseases to developed and developing countries, associated with therapeutic insufficiency resulted from the low investment in the research and development of new drugs. In order to overcome this situation, bioprospecting supports medicinal chemistry in the identification of new scaffolds with therapeutically appropriate physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612826666200701160904DOI Listing

Infection after buried or exposed K-wire fixation of distal radial fractures: a randomized clinical trial.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2020 Jul 1:1753193420936543. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Hospital Maradei, Clínica dos Acidentados, Belém, PA, Brazil.

We treated 220 extra-articular distal radial fractures with closed reduction and percutaneous K-wire fixation and randomized K-wire placement to buried or exposed. We analysed the incidence and severity of infection and the mobility of the metacarpophalangeal joints. At 6 weeks postoperatively, 12 patients in the exposed group had infections versus two in the buried group, which was a statistically significant difference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193420936543DOI Listing

Achieving a Covid-19 Free Country: Citizens Preventive Measures and Communication Pathways.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 27;17(13). Epub 2020 Jun 27.

4th Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration General Hospital, Konstantinoupoleos Str.49, 546 42 Thessaloniki, Greece.

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread on a global scale in an extremely short time, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths, and, at the same time, triggering extreme panic. Prevention in medicine is considered the best protection action for individuals in order to avoid infections. This study investigates whether Greek citizens ( = 3359) take the necessary precautions to prevent developing the COVID-19 disease, and it segments them based on homogenous behavior groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134633DOI Listing

Anti-Smith Antibody Positivity Without Lupus in the Setting of Lung Cancer.

Cureus 2020 May 26;12(5):e8298. Epub 2020 May 26.

Rheumatology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

The interpretation of positive serologic findings in cancer sera remains controversial. Selected antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), such as anti-double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) and anti-Smith, are highly specific for the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). On the other hand, the ANA titer is sensitive but not specific for SLE and has been reported in healthy individuals, various infections, other autoimmune diseases and cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317121PMC

An Insight into the Sex Differences in COVID-19 Patients: What are the Possible Causes?

Prehosp Disaster Med 2020 Jun 18:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Infectious Disease, school of medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Studies have reported a sex bias in case fatalities of COVID-19 patients. Moreover, it is observed that men have a higher risk of developing a severe form of the disease compared to women, highlighting the importance of disaggregated data of male and female COVID-19 patients. On the other hand, other factors (eg, hormonal levels and immune functions) also need to be addressed due to the effects of sex differences on the outcomes of COVID-19 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X20000837DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327162PMC

Betadine-Soaked Alcohol Pad and Rigid Immobilization: An Inexpensive and Effective Method to Diminish Infections With Exposed Kirschner Wires in Hand Fractures.

Plast Surg (Oakv) 2020 May 21;28(2):83-87. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

This study describes a novel method of pin care with a Betadine-soaked alcohol pad in conjunction with immobilization to reduce pin site complications in hand fractures treated with exposed Kirschner wires (K-wires). We conducted a retrospective review of all phalangeal and metacarpal fractures from 2010 to 2016 treated with K-wire fixation, a Betadine-soaked alcohol pad, and immobilization in a well-moulded plaster cast. A total of 155 patients with metacarpal or phalangeal fractures were identified, of which 149 were included with 164 fractures treated with 217 exposed K-wires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2292550320925924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298569PMC

Common Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Associated Factors Among Under-5 Children in Rural Dembiya, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Environ Health Insights 2020 17;14:1178630220927361. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, abdominal cramp, nausea, vomiting, gas in the GI tract, changes in bowel habits (e.g. diarrhea), or heartburn are common in the community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630220927361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301665PMC

Economic evaluation alongside the Probiotics to Prevent Severe Pneumonia and Endotracheal Colonization Trial (E-PROSPECT): study protocol.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 28;10(6):e036047. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common healthcare-associated infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms that may confer health benefits when ingested. Prior randomised trials suggest that probiotics may prevent infections such as VAP and -associated diarrhoea (CDAD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322334PMC

A Quality Improvement Initiative to Increase Hand Hygiene Awareness and Compliance in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Haiti.

J Trop Pediatr 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

Introduction: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) are major causes of morbidity, mortality, increased lengths of stay and are an economic burden on healthcare systems in resources-limited settings. This is especially true for neonates, who are more susceptible with underdeveloped immune systems. Hand hygiene (HH) is a key weapon against HCAI, yet globally, HH compliance remains substandard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmaa029DOI Listing

Neurological soft signs (NSS) and cognitive deficits in HIV associated neurocognitive disorder.

Neuropsychologia 2020 Jun 25:107545. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Advanced Center for Chronic Disease (ACCDiS), Medicine School, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Neurological soft signs (NSS) are frequently found in severe mental disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia or HIV associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) which includes asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI), mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) and HIV-associated dementia. To characterize NSS in patients with HIV we examined them with respect to neuropsychological deficits typically found in the disorder. 67 HIV + patients without a history of head trauma, opportunistic infections, severe psychiatric disorders or acute confounding comorbidities of the Central nervous system (CNS) were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107545DOI Listing

[Perceptions of intensive care professionals about hand hygiene compared with observational studies].

J Healthc Qual Res 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España.

Objetive: To identify perceptions and knowledge about the adherence to hand hygiene of the healthcare staff of an intensive care unit, correlating them with compliance data on adherence to hand hygiene through observational studies MATERIAL AND METHOD: A quantitative methodology has been combined, based on the completion of a personal survey, and a qualitative methodology based on direct observation. Units of Intensive Care of Adults (A-ICU) and Pediatrics (P-ICU) of a tertiary hospital. There were 187 health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhqr.2020.04.003DOI Listing

Can orthodontic care be safely delivered during the COVID-19 pandemic? Recommendations from a literature review.

Authors:
Annabelle Carter

Evid Based Dent 2020 06;21(2):66-67

Leeds Dental Institute, Leeds, UK.

Data sources Five electronic databases were searched: COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19-2020); PubMed; MEDLINE; Scopus; and Google Scholar.Study selection Titles of articles and abstracts were identified during the electronic database searches and then screened for relevance. Publications up until the date of the literature search, 19th March 2020, were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41432-020-0103-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317255PMC

[Disinfection, Bathing, Dressing: Avoiding Infections in the Intensive Care Unit].

Authors:
Jochen Steiner

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2020 Jun 26;55(6):368-380. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

In German intensive care units, 10 000 to 15 000 patients die annually due to nosocomial infections. Estimated 20 to 30% of these infections are preventable. Disinfecting is one of the most effective measures to avoid these infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0967-1290DOI Listing

[SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19: systematic review of requirements for personal protective equipment in primary patient contact and organization of the operating area].

Chirurg 2020 Jul;91(7):576-585

Klinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Background: The SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic necessitates a rapid reorganization of the hospital procedures. The establishment of centers dedicated to COVID-19 treatment and care also necessitates preparation of the surgical departments for the forthcoming emergency interventions for infected patients and patients with an unclear infection status. This article summarizes the evidence on standards for personal protective equipment for personnel in the central emergency admission department and in the operations area as well as restructuring measures for the procedures in the operations area in a COVID-plus area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-020-01229-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315115PMC

Lytic Activity of Polyvalent Staphylococcal Bacteriophage PhiSA012 and Its Endolysin Lys-PhiSA012 Against Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcal Clinical Isolates From Canine Skin Infection Sites.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 10;7:234. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Veterinary Biochemistry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan.

The spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in human and veterinary medicine is of global concern. Notably, the emergence of methicillin-resistant has become a serious problem. In this context, bacteriophages and their lytic enzymes, endolysins, have received considerable attention as therapeutics for infectious diseases in place of antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00234DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298730PMC

The two-faces of NK cells in oncolytic virotherapy.

Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Cancer Therapeutics Program, Ottawa, Canada; Centre for Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; University of Ottawa, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ottawa, Canada. Electronic address:

Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are immunotherapeutics capable of directly killing cancer cells and with potent immunostimulatory properties. OVs exert their antitumor effect, at least partially, by activating the antitumor immune response, of which NK cells are an important component. However, if on the one hand increasing evidence revealed that NK cells are important mediators of oncolytic virotherapy, on the other hand, NK cells have evolved to fight viral infections, and therefore they can have a detrimental effect for the efficacy of OVs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cytogfr.2020.06.005DOI Listing

Mycobacterial Infections in the Hand and Wrist.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):387-396

The Philadelphia Hand to Shoulder Center, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G114, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address:

Mycobacterial hand infections are uncommon. These infections have an indolent course and are marked by variable and nonspecific presentations, often leading to diagnostic and treatment delays. The pathogens involved in mycobacterial hand infections include Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, atypical mycobacteria, and M leprae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.013DOI Listing

Pediatric Hand Infections.

Authors:
Joseph F Styron

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):381-386

9500 Euclid Avenue Mail Code A40, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

Infections are an important source of morbidity in pediatric hands that come from frequent exposure to mouths and other dangers while exploring the world. Although Staphylococcus aureus is still the most common organism in pediatric hand infections, it is less common than in adults because pediatric patients are more likely to develop mixed aerobic/anaerobic infections or group A Streptococcus pyogenes infection. Pediatric patients with open physes potentially may sustain Seymour fractures of the distal phalanges that may become infected and sources for osteomyelitis if not recognized early. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.012DOI Listing

Soft Tissue Coverage for Severe Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):369-379

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Philadelphia Hand to Shoulder Center, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G-114, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address:

Coverage of soft tissue defects in the upper extremity caused by infection and debridement of infected tissue is a challenging problem. Treatment starts with prompt identification and eradication of infection, including antibiotics and extensive debridement. Optimizing the patient's medical and nutritional status can facilitate eradication of infection and wound healing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.011DOI Listing

Complications of Hand Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):361-367

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Temple University Hospital, 3401 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. Electronic address:

Although most hand infections can be eradicated by appropriate management with return to normal function, complications are frequently encountered. Common complications include stiffness, osteomyelitis, and large soft tissue defects that require complex wound management. Risk factors for hand infections include an immunocompromised host state, as is the case in patients with diabetes mellitus or human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, as well as those on immunosuppressive medications for autoimmune disorders or following organ transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.010DOI Listing

Fungal Infections of the Hand.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):355-360

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Philadelphia Hand to Shoulder Center, Thomas Jefferson University, 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G-114, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

Clinically significant fungal infections of the upper extremity are uncommon but increasing They are classified based on anatomic location and epidemiology. The anatomic categories that affect the hand include cutaneous, subcutaneous, and deep. Cutaneous infections are caused by organisms that metabolize keratin and can cause serious morbidity but are rarely fatal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Hand Infections Associated with Systemic Conditions.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):345-353

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. Electronic address:

Systemic conditions are associated with higher rates of hand and upper extremity infections, leading to more severe and atypical presentations. Understanding the unique problems associated with some of the most common systemic conditions, including human immunodeficiency virus, diabetes mellitus, and rheumatoid arthritis, can assist the hand surgeon in diagnosing and treating infection in these patients. This article reviews the most common presentation of hand infections for these patients and summarizes current approaches to the management of hand infections for patients with common immunocompromising conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.008DOI Listing

Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections of the Upper Extremity.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):339-344

Division of Plastic Surgery, Cooper University Health Care, 3 Cooper Plaza, Suite 411, Camden, NJ 08103, USA. Electronic address:

Necrotizing soft tissue infections of the upper extremity have varying microbiologies and etiologies. Risk factors for development include diabetes mellitus, intravenous drug use, peripheral arterial disease, smoking, alcohol abuse, and immunocompromised state. Although clinical examination is the mainstay of diagnosis, laboratory tests and imaging can aid in diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.007DOI Listing

Septic Joints: Finger and Wrist.

Authors:
Brian Chenoweth

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):331-338

University of Oklahoma, 800 Stanton L Young Boulevard, Suite 3400, Oklahoma City, OK 73003, USA. Electronic address:

Infections in the joints of the hand and wrist carry the risk of significant morbidity. Common presenting symptoms include joint redness, swelling, and pseudoparalysis that occurs several days following a penetrating trauma. Diagnostic workup should be expedited, including a laboratory evaluation and arthrocentesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.006DOI Listing

Fingertip Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):313-321

Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, MGH Orthopaedic Hand Surgery, Yawkey Center for Outpatient Care, 55 Fruit Street, Suite 2C, Boston, MA 02114-2696, USA. Electronic address:

The fingertip is the most common site of infections in the hand, which frequently are encountered by surgeons, dermatologists, and emergency and primary providers. Their mismanagement may have serious consequences. This review discusses the unique anatomy of the volar fingertip pulp and perionychium and reviews pathophysiology and treatment of acute and chronic paronychia, including the decision for surgical versus medical management, choice of antibiotics, incisional techniques, and postincisional care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Hand Abscesses: Volar and Dorsal.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):307-312

Philadelphia Hand to Shoulder Center, The Franklin, Suite G114, 834 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

A high index of suspicion coupled with excellent knowledge of hand anatomy and function allows for accurate diagnosis and effective management of deep space infections. This article describes surgical approaches for closed-space infections. Drainage, debridement, and intraoperative irrigation are initial steps along with the decision for continuous postoperative irrigation based on intraoperative findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.014DOI Listing

Antibiotic Management and Antibiotic Resistance in Hand Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):301-305

Philadelphia Hand to Shoulder Center, 834 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

The rates of methicillin-resistant infections in the hand and upper extremity approach 50% in many facilities. In addition, multidrug resistance is beginning to include clindamycin. This article discusses the history, prevalence, and treatment of both community-acquired and health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in regard to hand infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.003DOI Listing

Imaging and Laboratory Workup for Hand Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):285-299

Hand and Upper Extremity Division, Einstein Healthcare Network, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 170 West Germantown Pike, Suite C-1, East Norriton, PA 19401, USA. Electronic address:

Hand infections can lead to significant morbidity if not treated promptly. Most of these infections, such as abscesses, tenosynovitis, cellulitis, and necrotizing fasciitis, can be diagnosed clinically. Laboratory values, such as white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and recently, procalcitonin and interleukin-6, are helpful in supporting the diagnosis and trending disease progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.002DOI Listing

Hand Infections: Epidemiology and Public Health Burden.

Hand Clin 2020 Aug;36(3):275-283

Department of Surgery, Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, 2130 Taubman Center, SPC 5340, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Upper extremity infections are common. Most infections can be effectively treated with minor surgical procedures and/or oral antibiotics; however, inappropriate or delayed care can result in significant, long-term morbidity. The basic principles of treating hand infections were described more than a century ago and most remain relevant today. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hcl.2020.03.001DOI Listing

Use, adoption, and effectiveness of tippy-tap handwashing station in promoting hand hygiene practices in resource-limited settings: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 26;20(1):1005. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

St John's Institute for Health, P.O. Box 18, Mzuzu, Malawi.

Background: Tippy-taps are locally made devices for washing hands with running water. They are simple and low-cost, enabling technology that provides adequate water sources, handwashing stations and motivation for people to prioritise handwashing. This systematic review aimed to establish the use, benefits, adoption and effectiveness of enabling technology; tippy-tap handwashing station, in resource-limited settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09101-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316639PMC
June 2020
2.264 Impact Factor

[Periprosthetic fractures of the shoulder girdle].

Chirurg 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Klinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Gebäude W1, 48149, Münster, Deutschland.

Periprosthetic fractures of the shoulder girdle will increasingly become part of routine clinical practice due to rising numbers of joint replacements and the demographic changes. Diagnostically, the status of the rotator cuff, bed of the implant (stable or loose), type of shoulder arthroplasty as well as exclusion of joint infections are crucial for therapeutic decision-making. Novel imaging tools, such as dual-energy computed tomography provide improved preoperative planning options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-020-01225-4DOI Listing

Functional Biomaterials for Treatment of Chronic Wound.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2020 3;8:516. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Hand Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

The increasing number of patients with chronic wounds caused by diseases, such as diabetes, malignant tumors, infections, and vasculopathy, has caused severe economic and social burdens. The main clinical treatments for chronic wounds include the systemic use of antibiotics, changing dressings frequently, operative debridement, and flap repair. These routine therapeutic strategies are characterized by a long course of treatment, substantial trauma, and high costs, and fail to produce satisfactory results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283526PMC

Physiotherapy services in the face of a pandemic.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2020 Apr;66(4):491-497

. Escola Superior de Saúde Jean Piaget do Algarve - Instituto Piaget - Enxerim - 8300-025 - Silves - Portugal Research in Education and Community Intervention (RECI).

Background: Physiotherapy services are necessary for hospitalized patients of COVID-19 as well as chronic patients. Thus, physiotherapists present an increased risk of exposure to coronavirus. This study aimed to determine the number of physiotherapists who interrupted their services because of the COVID-19 pandemic and to verify the procedures adopted by the ones who are still working. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.66.4.491DOI Listing

Factors associated with sexually transmitted infections in sugarcane cutters: subsidies to caring for.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020 19;28:e3306. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Departamento de Enfermagem Clínica, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil.

Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and associated factors in sugarcane cutters.

Method: a cross-sectional, analytical study with 937 sugarcane cutters from Paraíba and Goiás, states of Brazil, respectively. An outcome variable was the positive results in some rapid tests for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.3425.3306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304989PMC

Dry Taps? A Synthesis of Alternative "Wash" Methods in the Absence of Water and Sanitizers in the Prevention of Coronavirus in Low-Resource Settings.

J Prim Care Community Health 2020 Jan-Dec;11:2150132720936858

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Western, Australia.

Social distancing and hand washing with soap and water have been advocated as the main proactive measures against the spread of coronavirus. We sought to find out what other alternative materials and methods would be used among populations without running water and who may not afford alcohol-based sanitizers. We reviewed studies that reported use of sand, soil, ash, soda ash, seawater, alkaline materials, and sunlight as possible alternatives to handwashing with soap and water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150132720936858DOI Listing

[Democracy and Covid-19 mortality in Europe.]

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2020 Jun 24;94. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Centro de Salud La Rivota. Alcorcón. España.

Objective: In Europe there is a great variability in mortality by Covid-19 among different countries. While some countries, such as Greece, Belarus or Ukraine, have a mortality rate of less than 5 cases/100,000 inhabitants, other countries such as Belgium, Spain or the United Kingdom have a mortality rate of well over 50 cases/100,000 inhabitants. It is generally considered that the reason for this variability is multifactorial (including political reasons), but there are few studies that associate factors related to this variability. Read More

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Understanding the role that 'COVID toe' has in recognizing the potential extent of COVID-19 infections: a case study.

Pathog Glob Health 2020 Jun 24:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

GKT School of Medical Education, King's College London , London, UK.

Dermatological manifestations have shown to be associated with COVID-19 infections. The numbers of papers have quadrupled within May 2020 alone. One particular cutaneous manifestation named pseudo chilblains (COVID toe), expressed mostly in otherwise asymptomatic younger patients, has had particular media attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2020.1785200DOI Listing

[The effectiveness of local application of vancomycin powder in the prevention of surgical site infections in spine surgery: a meta-analysis].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2020 (6):60-70

Irkutsk State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Irkutsk, Russia.

Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of studies examining the effectiveness of the local application of vancomycin powder for the prophylaxis of surgical site infections (SSIs) in spine surgery.

Material And Methods: Retrospective cohort studies and prospective randomized clinical trials were searched for in the Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and eLibrary databases published from 2008 to December 2018. For the resulting variables, the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated using random and fixed effects models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202006160DOI Listing

Rhizoferrin Glycosylation in .

J Fungi (Basel) 2020 Jun 18;6(2). Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Institute of Microbiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20 Prague, Czech Republic.

spp. are the most common etiological agents of mucormycosis, causing over 90% mortality in disseminated infections. The diagnosis relies on histopathology, culture, and/or polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jof6020089DOI Listing

An agent-based model to evaluate the COVID-19 transmission risks in facilities.

Authors:
Erik Cuevas

Comput Biol Med 2020 06 20;121:103827. Epub 2020 May 20.

Departamento de Electrónica, Universidad de Guadalajara, CUCEI, Av. Revolución 1500, Guadalajara, Jal, Mexico. Electronic address:

The rapid spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a global threat affecting almost all countries in the world. As countries reach the infection peak, it is planned to return to a new normal under different coexistence conditions in order to reduce the economic effects produced by the total or partial closure of companies, universities, shops, etc. Under such circumstances, the use of mathematical models to evaluate the transmission risk of COVID-19 in various facilities represents an important tool in assisting authorities to make informed decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2020.103827DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237380PMC

COVID-19 epidemic: cocoon the elderly and the vulnerable.

J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2020 06;50(2):207-214

CMC Hospital, Vellore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4997/JRCPE.2020.233DOI Listing

COVID-19 and Rapid Research Translation: universal masking as a case study.

J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2020 06;50(2):207-214

The George Institute for Global Health, UNSW Sydney, Australia, Email:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4997/JRCPE.2020.232DOI Listing

Evaluation of the simulator with automatic irrigation control system designed for countermeasures of internal contamination in dental unit water lines.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 10;6(6):e04132. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Pathophysiology - Periodontal Science, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

The prevention of nosocomial infections is an imperative task. The dental chair unit (DCU) is an indispensable device used in dental treatment. However, it is known that the dental unit water line (DUWL) can become contaminated with biofilm, consisting mainly of heterotrophic bacteria (HB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298401PMC

Orthoplastics in Periprosthetic Joint Infection of the Knee: Treatment Concept for Composite Soft-tissue Defect with Extensor Apparatus Deficiency.

J Bone Jt Infect 2020 18;5(3):160-171. Epub 2020 May 18.

Centre for Musculoskeletal Infections, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

: Reconstruction of composite soft-tissue defects with extensor apparatus deficiency in patients with periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the knee is challenging. We present a single-centre multidisciplinary orthoplastic treatment concept based on a retrospective outcome analysis over 20 years. : One-hundred sixty patients had PJI after total knee arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jbji.47018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7295645PMC

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 among income-poor households in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study.

J Glob Health 2020 Jun;10(1):011007

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: The presence of COVID-19 in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is raising important concerns about effective pandemic response and preparedness in the context of fragile health systems and the pervasiveness of misinformation. The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of how COVID-19 was perceived by households experiencing extreme poverty in the Philippines.

Methods: This study was conducted in partnership with International Care Ministries (ICM), a Philippine-based non-governmental organization (NGO) that runs a poverty-alleviation program called targeted towards extreme low-income households. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.011007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294392PMC

Effects of Micronutrients or Conditional Amino Acids on COVID-19-Related Outcomes: An Evidence Analysis Center Scoping Review.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Recent narrative reviews have described the potential efficacy of providing individuals infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with additional micronutrients to reduce disease severity. Although there are compelling reasons why providing additional micronutrients or conditional amino acids may affect COVID-19-related outcomes, evidence is lacking. The objective of this scoping review is to explore and describe the literature examining the effect of providing additional micronutrients or conditional amino acids (glutamine, arginine) in adults with conditions or infections similar to COVID-19 infection on COVID-19-related health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2020.05.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237946PMC
May 2020
2.444 Impact Factor