40,271 results match your criteria Hand Infections

Examining variation in the measurement of multimorbidity in research: a systematic review of 566 studies.

Lancet Public Health 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Usher Institute, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address:

Background: A systematic understanding of how multimorbidity has been constructed and measured is unavailable. This review aimed to examine the definition and measurement of multimorbidity in peer-reviewed studies internationally.

Methods: We systematically reviewed studies on multimorbidity, via a search of nine bibliographic databases (Ovid [PsycINFO, Embase, Global Health, and MEDLINE], Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, Scopus, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global), from inception to Jan 21, 2020. Read More

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Discovery of Viral Myosin Genes With Complex Evolutionary History Within Plankton.

Front Microbiol 2021 7;12:683294. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Chemical Life Science, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Japan.

Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs) infect diverse eukaryotes and form a group of viruses with capsids encapsulating large genomes. Recent studies are increasingly revealing a spectacular array of functions encoded in their genomes, including genes for energy metabolisms, nutrient uptake, as well as cytoskeleton. Here, we report the discovery of genes homologous to myosins, the major eukaryotic motor proteins previously unrecognized in the virosphere, in environmental genomes of NCLDVs from the surface of the oceans. Read More

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Case of eustachian valve endocarditis and the importance of synergistic antibiotic therapy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 23;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA.

A 46-year-old woman with a history of end-stage renal disease on chronic haemodialysis presented with 1 week of fever, chills, altered mental status and hand pain. She was febrile and ill-appearing on presentation with a pulse rate of 102 beats per minute. She had a tunnelled dialysis catheter in her right neck. Read More

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Antimicrobial treatment of Corynebacterium striatum invasive infections: a systematic review.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2021 18;63:e49. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

University of Priština, School of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Pristina, Serbia.

The aim of this study was to establish an evidence-based guideline for the antibiotic treatment of Corynebacterium striatum infections. Several electronic databases were systematically searched for clinical trials, observational studies or individual cases on patients of any age and gender with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, harboring C. striatum isolated from body fluids or tissues in which it is not normally present. Read More

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[Health consequences of tobacco exposure during pregnancy and childhood].

Rev Prat 2021 Mar;71(3):261-263

Université de Paris, Centre de recherche épidémiologique et statistiques (CRESS), Inserm, Inra, Paris, France - Maternité Olympe-de-Gouges, centre hospitalier universitaire de Tours, Tours, France.

Health consequences of tobacco exposure during pregnancy and childhood.In France, about 15% of fetuses are exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy and about 30% of children are exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke. Furthermore, 20 to 25% of young adults are active smokers. Read More

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antimicrobial effect of chloroaluminum phthalocyanine nanoemulsion on periodontal bacteria.

J Indian Soc Periodontol 2021 May-Jun;25(3):267-269. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Basic Sciences, Stomatognathic System and Morphophysiology Research Group, Santo Tomás University, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Context: Nowadays, complementary therapies are necessary for a major removal of microbial subgingival biofilm in the conventional treatment of periodontitis. Research has suggested the use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a promising therapy to manage oral cavity infections. This project proposes a new combination of photosensitizer chloroaluminum phthalocyanine and nanoemulsion as a strategy for improving bioactivity. Read More

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Student support systems for undergraduate medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic narrative review of the literature.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Jun 22;21(1):352. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Research Center for Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has boosted medical students' vulnerability to various problems. Given the stressful nature of medical disciplines, considerable attention must be paid to student support systems during pandemics. This study aimed to review the current literature regarding medical student support systems systematically. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the health-seeking behaviour of an Asian population with acute respiratory infections in a densely populated community.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 23;21(1):1196. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

SingHealth Polyclinics, 167 Jalan Bukit Merah Connection One (Tower 5), #15-10, Singapore, 150167, Singapore.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to the implementation of various non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) as the Singapore government escalated containment efforts from DORSCON Orange to Circuit Breaker. NPI include mandatory mask wearing, hand hygiene, social distancing, and closure of schools and workplaces. Considering the similar mode of transmission of COVID-19 and other pathogens related to acute respiratory infections (ARI), the effects of NPI could possibly lead to decreased ARI attendances in the community. Read More

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Changes in the Occurrence of Gastrointestinal Infections after COVID-19 in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jun 21;36(24):e180. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: After the global epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), lifestyle changes to curb the spread of COVID-19 (e.g., wearing a mask, hand washing, and social distancing) have also affected the outbreak of other infectious diseases. Read More

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Analytical modeling of three-stage inactivation of viruses within droplets and solid porous particles.

Fikret Alic

Eur Phys J Plus 2021 17;136(6):663. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Thermal and Fluid Technique, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Tuzla, University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Various viruses can hide within fluid and solid structures and thus successfully cross different distances, causing the spread of viral infections. Analytical modeling of the triple treatment of virus within a small liquid droplet and within a solid porous particle is the basic research polygon of this paper. The three-stage treatment aims to maximize the efficacy of deactivating viruses indoors. Read More

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Transition to a Safe Home Sleep Environment for the NICU Patient.

Pediatrics 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners, National Association of Neonatal Nurses, Chicago, Illinois.

Of the nearly 3.8 million infants born in the United States in 2018, 8.3% had low birth weight (<2500 g [5. Read More

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Research and correlation analysis on the dripper contamination of carteolol hydrochloride eye drops.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China; Department of Ophthalmology, Dushu Lake Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Multi-dose eye drops are easily contaminated by microorganisms, and reportedly, the highest contamination rate can reach 96.46%. The use of contaminated eye drops can cause serious eye infections. Read More

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Soluble resistance-related calcium-binding protein participates in multiple diseases via protein-protein interactions.

Biochimie 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Blood Transfusion, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan Province 410008, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Cancer Proteomics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan Province 410008, China. Electronic address:

Soluble resistance-related calcium-binding protein (sorcin), a 22 kDa penta-EF-hand protein, has been intensively studied in cancers and multidrug resistance over a prolonged period. Sorcin is widely distributed in tissues and participates in the regulation of Ca homeostasis and Ca-dependent signaling. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are essential for regulating protein functions in almost all biological processes. Read More

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Psychobehavioral Responses and Likelihood of Receiving COVID-19 Vaccines during the Pandemic, Hong Kong.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 07;27(7):1802-1810

To access temporal changes in psychobehavioral responses to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, we conducted a 5-round (R1-R5) longitudinal population-based online survey in Hong Kong during January-September 2020. Most respondents reported wearing masks (R1 99.0% to R5 99. Read More

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Surgical Masks for Protection of Health Care Personnel Against Covid-19: Results from an Observational Study.

Clin Invest Med 2021 06 14;44(2):E48-54. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, P. R. China; Wuhan Research Center for Infectious Diseases and Cancer, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Wuhan, P. R. China.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to describe the use of masks among health care personnel (HCP) exposed to index cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to evaluate any association with infection rate.

Methods: We did a retrospective, observational study of HCP at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University for the management of COVID-19 (before person-to-person transmission was official confirmed, no additional protection was provided). A questionnaire was given to all staff listed on the roster in the clinical regions providing care for index patients with COVID-19. Read More

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Postoperative Spinal Implant Infections (PSII)-A Systematic Review: What Do We Know So Far and What is Critical About It?

Global Spine J 2021 Jun 21:21925682211024198. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 14903Charité-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Study Design: Systematic review.

Objectives: Postoperative spinal implant infections (PSII) are an increasing challenge in the daily clinical routine. This review summarizes existing knowledge in the field of PSII, including definitions, epidemiology, classifications, risk factors, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Read More

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Wound infection caused by , a zoonotic pathogen: a case report.

Access Microbiol 2021 Mar 10;3(3):000196. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Concord Hospital, NSW Health Pathology, Concord, NSW, Australia.

The isolation of from a 63-year-old female presenting to the emergency department following a cat bite injury to her right hand is described in this report. , also known as Centers for Disease Control (CDC) group EF-4b, is considered to be a zoonotic pathogen, and is usually associated with dog or cat bites. Despite the potential of this organism to cause serious soft tissue infections, it can be overlooked in routine clinical laboratories due to its slow growth characteristics and when the history of animal bite is not provided to the laboratory. Read More

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Outdoor Physical Activity During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. A Comparative Analysis of Government Restrictions in Italy, France, and Germany.

Front Public Health 2021;9:615745. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Univ. Littoral Côte d'Opale, Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois-ULR 7369-URePSSS-Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, Dunkirk, France.

Mandated restrictions on outdoor physical activity (PA) during the coronavirus pandemic disrupted the lifeworld of millions of people and led to a contradictory situation. On the one hand, PA was perceived as risky behaviour, as it might facilitate transmission of the virus. On the other hand, while taking precautions, regular PA was an important tool to promote the population's health during the lockdown. Read More

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Optimizing Treatment of Hand Infections: Is MRSA Coverage Always Necessary?

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Jun 15;9(6):e3619. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif.

Multiple publications have highlighted the prevalence of methicillin resistant (MRSA) as a cause of hand infections. We hypothesized that these publications have shifted the empiric treatment of hand infections. The aim of this study was to identify the current standard of care, the most common causative bacteria, and factors leading to extended length of stay for hand infection patients at a suburban hospital to improve treatment and establish an optimized care protocol. Read More

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[Implementation of occupational health and safety during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in hairdressers' salons].

Zentralbl Arbeitsmed Arbeitsschutz Ergon 2021 Jun 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Abt. Arbeitsmedizin/Gefahrstoffe/Gesundheitswissenschaften, Berufsgenossenschaft für Gesundheitsdienst und Wohlfahrtspflege (BGW), Hamburg, Deutschland.

Background: There is little empirical evidence with respect to the implementation (adherence) of occupational health and safety guidelines in Germany. Recommendations for the prevention of SARS-CoV‑2 infections in hairdressing services were provided by the German Statutory Accident Insurance for the Health and Welfare Services (BGW) in an occupational health and safety (OHS) standard in spring 2020.

Research Question: To what extent are the recommendations adhered to in this service profession as judged by hairdresser's customers after their visits?

Material And Methods: The survey was conducted as a covert participant observational study between the beginning of October and the middle of December 2020 as a non-systematic opportunistic sample in three cities. Read More

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Changes before and after COVID-19 pandemic on the personal hygiene behaviors and incidence of peritonitis in peritoneal-dialysis patients: a multi-center retrospective study.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Nephrology, Wuhan No. 1 Hospital, Zhongshan Road 215# Qiaokou Area, Wuhan, 430022, Hubei, China.

Background: The impact of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its influence on personal hygiene behaviors and peritonitis rate in peritoneal-dialysis patients is unknown.

Methods: A multi-center retrospective study was conducted. We reviewed all the cases of peritoneal-dialysis (PD) patients from four major PD centers in Wuhan before and after COVID-19. Read More

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Reworking protocols of ophthalmic resident surgical training in the COVID-19 era - Experiences of a tertiary care institute in northern India.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul;69(7):1928-1932

Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Purpose: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively impacted medical professionals in all fields of medicine and surgery in their academic, clinical and surgical training. The impact of surgical training has been described as 'severe' by most ophthalmology residents worldwide due to their duties in COVID-19 wards, disruption of outpatient and camp services.

Methods: Ophthalmic surgery demands utmost accuracy and meticulousness. Read More

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[Epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases of group A, B and C among Chinese students' population].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):498-505

Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To analyze the secular trend, ranking change, age- and regional- characteristics of leading infectious diseases among Chinese students population aged 6 to 22 years from 2008 to 2017.

Methods: Data were drawn from the national surveillance from 2008 to 2017, and the participants were students aged from 6 to 22 years who were diagnosed with notifiable infectious diseases. A total of 40 infectious diseases were classified into three groups based on national notifiable infectious diseases classification of A, B and C. Read More

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[Epidemiological and etiological characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease among children aged 5 years and younger in Ningbo (2016 to 2019)].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):491-497

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological and etiological characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) among children aged 5 years and younger in Ningbo after the access of entero-virus-A71 vaccine (2016 to 2019).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study were performed in children aged 5 years and younger in Ningbo from 2016 to 2019. Data for incidence of HFMD was collected from the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance Reporting System and the Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) System, while the demographic information was derived from the Immunization Information System. Read More

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Outcomes For Hand Burns Treated With Autologous Skin Cell Suspension In 20% Tbsa And Smaller Injuries.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

University Medical Center-New Orleans Burn Program, LSUHSC-New Orleans of Burn Surgery.

Hypothesis: In order to address the confounder of TBSA on burn outcomes, we sought to analyze our experience with the use of autologous skin cell suspensions (ASCS) in a cohort of subjects with hand burns whose TBSA totaled 20% or less. We hypothesized that the use of ASCS in conjunction with 2:1 meshed autograft for the treatment of hand burn injuries would provide comparable outcomes to hand burns treated with sheet or minimally meshed autograft alone.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted for all deep partial and full thickness hand burns treated with split thickness autograft (STAG) at our urban verified burn center between April, 2018 to September, 2020. Read More

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Occupational differences in COVID-19 incidence, severity, and mortality in the United Kingdom: Available data and framework for analyses.

Wellcome Open Res 2021 10;6:102. Epub 2021 May 10.

University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

There are important differences in the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and death depending on occupation. Infections in healthcare workers have received the most attention, and there are clearly increased risks for intensive care unit workers who are caring for COVID-19 patients. However, a number of other occupations may also be at an increased risk, particularly those which involve social care or contact with the public. Read More

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Could Nanotheranostics be the Answer to the Coronavirus Crisis?

Glob Chall 2021 Jun 24;5(6):2000112. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Nanochemistry and Nanoengineering Department of Chemistry and Materials Science School of Chemical Engineering Aalto University Espoo 02150 Finland.

The COVID-19 pandemic is expanding worldwide. This pandemic associated with COVID-19 placed the spotlight on how bacterial (e.g. Read More

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Soil-transmitted helminth infection, anemia, and malnutrition among preschool-age children in Nangapanda subdistrict, Indonesia.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 17;15(6):e0009506. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are still prevalent in Indonesia, with roughly one-third of infected population being preschool-age children (PSC), which are generally at higher risk of morbidity such as malnutrition and anemia. This study aimed to investigate the association of STH infections with nutritional status and anemia among PSC in Nangapanda subdistrict, Ende, East Nusa Tenggara.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving PSC ranging from 12 to 59 months old from Nangapanda subdistrict, Ende district, East Nusa Tenggara was performed. Read More

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EBER+ extranodal NK/T lymphoma in patient with idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia.

Medicina (B Aires) 2021 ;81(3):458-461

Sección de Hematología, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) not related to HIV is an infrequent and severe condition with no etiology defined until now. The concomitant presence of an underlying disease, especially an oncohematological process, could be related to the immune physiopathology and the development of the immunosuppressive state. On the other hand, Epstein Barr virus is a well-known oncogenic pathogen described in the development of several types of lymphoma which might be reactivated in the ICL. Read More

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Lessons learnt from a nosocomial COVID-19 outbreak in a geriatric acute care ward with a high attack rate.

Maturitas 2021 Jul 21;149:34-36. Epub 2021 May 21.

Infection Control and Prevention Unit - University Hospital, Angers, France. Electronic address:

Nosocomial COVID-19 in older patients has a high mortality rate. We describe an outbreak of COVID-19 in a geriatric acute care unit (GACU) in March/April 2020 and the lessons learnt regarding prevention. Thirty-six patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 during that 2-month period, in France's "first wave" of SARS-CoV-2 infections. Read More

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