34,704 results match your criteria Hand Infections


Enterovirus A71 vaccine effectiveness in preventing enterovirus A71 infection among medically-attended hand, foot, and mouth disease cases, Beijing, China.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

a Department of the National Immunization Program , Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention , Beijing , China.

Introduction: Enterovirus A71(EV-A71)-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has been reported worldwide, and poses a particularly heavy burden on patients, families, and society in China. Three Chinese companies have licensed inactivated EV-A71 vaccines, all of which have demonstrated good efficacy for preventing EV-A71-associated disease in clinical trials. However, real-world performance of EV-A71 vaccine has not been evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2019.1581539DOI Listing
February 2019

The use of chimeric musculocutaneous posterior interosseous artery flaps for treatment of osteomyelitis and soft tissue defect in hand.

Microsurgery 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Swissparc AG, Hand Surgery Service, Zürich, Switzerland.

Introduction: There is growing evidence of the superior ability of muscular tissue to clear bacterial bone infection. Unfortunately, in the hand, there are almost no small local muscular flaps, and muscular transfers to the hand are mainly microsurgical free transfers. In this report, we present the results of the use of a chimeric posterior interosseous flap including part(s) of the forearm muscles to treat osteomyelitis and soft tissue defect of hand from a series of patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30434DOI Listing
February 2019

[Hand infections - Management and treatment].

Authors:
Stephan Deiler

MMW Fortschr Med 2019 Feb;161(3):42-43

Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Str. 22, D-81675, München, Deutschland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15006-019-0184-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Demonstrating the persistent antibacterial efficacy of a hand sanitizer containing benzalkonium chloride on human skin at 1, 2, and 4 hours after application.

Am J Infect Control 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

EAS Consulting Group, Dallas, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Use of hand sanitizers has become a cornerstone in clinical practice for the prevention of disease transmission between practitioners and patients. Traditionally, these preparations have relied on ethanol (60%-70%) for bactericidal action.

Methods: This study was conducted to measure the persistence of antibacterial activity of 2 preparations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Engineering the microbiome for animal health and conservation.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2019 Feb 18:1535370219830075. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

1 Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA.

Impact Statement: Considering the clear effects of microbiota on important aspects of animal biology and development (including in humans), this topic is timely and broadly appealing, as it compels us to consider the possibilities of altering the microbiome (without antibiotics) to positively affect animal health. In this review, we highlight three general approaches to manipulating the microbiome that have demonstrated success and promise for use in animal health. We also point out knowledge gaps where further inquiry would most benefit the field. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1535370219830075DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular Study of Klebsiella Pneumoniae Virulence Genes from Patients with Hospital Acquired Sepsis.

Clin Lab 2019 Jan;65(1)

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is a common pathogen associated with hospital acquired infections. The presence of virulence genes and antibiotic resistance genes are known risk factors for the infection by this bacterial species. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.180709DOI Listing
January 2019

Helminthiases; prevalence, transmission, host-parasite interactions, resistance to common synthetic drugs and treatment.

Heliyon 2019 Jan 31;5(1):e01161. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre, Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Alice, 5700, South Africa.

The morbidity caused by parasite worms on susceptible hosts is of great concern and studies were carried out to explain the mechanism of infection, prevalence, host-parasite interaction and resistance of the parasite to treatment. This review elucidates the prevalence of parasitic worm infections; which is on the increases with the increase in the world population, global warming, poor standard of living particularly in troubled regions and developing nations. The neglect of the disease coupled with the resistance of these parasites to the few available drugs becomes a huge challenge that influences global disease burden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357211PMC
January 2019

A Trans-Atlantic Perspective on Stagnation in Clinical Translation of Antimicrobial Strategies for the Control of Biomaterial-Implant-Associated Infection.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2019 Feb 2;5(2):402-406. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Departments of Bioengineering, Pharmaceutics, and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Utah, 30 South 2000 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-5820, United States.

Current regulatory requirements impede clinical translation and market introduction of many new antimicrobial combination implants and devices, causing unnecessary patient suffering, doctor frustration, and costs to healthcare payers. Regulatory requirements of antimicrobial combination implants and devices should be thoroughly revisited and their approval allowed based on enrichment of benefit demonstrations from high-risk patient groups and populations or device components to facilitate their clinical translation. Biomaterial implant and devices equipped with antimicrobial strategies and approved based on enrichment claims should be mandatorily enrolled in global registry studies supervised by regulatory agencies for a minimum five-year period or until statistically validated evidence for noninferiority or superiority of claims is demonstrated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.8b01071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373985PMC
February 2019

Miliary tuberculosis presenting as bilateral superficial femoral artery mycotic aneurysm in an immunocompetent patient.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 23;26:236-239. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Infectious Diseases Unit, Prince Sultan Military Medical City (PSMMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Mycotic tuberculous aneurysm is extremely rare. The aorta is the main affected artery however; iliac and less commonly femoral arteries can also be affected. In 75% of the cases a contagious focus leads to infection through erosion of the vessel wall; on the other hand direct seeding of the blood vessel wall via the vasa vasorum may occur in 25%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2019.01.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365391PMC
January 2019

Variants in two gene members of the TNF ligand superfamily and hepatitis C virus chronic disease.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S66-S72

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To assess the possible correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of two members of TNF ligand superfamily genes, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and lymphotoxin-α (LTA), and HCV chronic disease.

Background: The causes of disease progression from hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to chronic liver disease still remains unclear. Abnormal production of the cytokines alleged to be contributed to progression of the disease or viral persistence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2018

Epidemiology and economic loss of fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis in Arak, Iran.

Vet World 2018 Dec 10;11(12):1648-1655. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Aim: Fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis are important parasitic diseases worldwide, causing significant financial losses due to decrease in production and viscera condemnation in animals. We performed the current research to assess the epidemiology of these infections and determine their significance from an economic perspective in Arak, Iran.

Materials And Methods: In total, we evaluated 118,463 sheep, 207,652 goats, and 43,675 cattle through necropsic analysis at the slaughterhouses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2018.1648-1655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362328PMC
December 2018

Making infection prevention and control everyone's business? Hospital staff views on patient involvement.

Health Expect 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Context: Ensuring an infection-free environment is increasingly seen as requiring the contribution of staff, patients and visitors. There is limited evidence, however, about how staff feel about collaborating with patients and relatives to co-produce that environment.

Aims: This study aims to understand how hospital staff perceive the involvement of patients and relatives in infection prevention and control (IPC) and the main challenges for staff in working together with patients and relatives to reduce the threat of infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hex.12874DOI Listing
February 2019

Endoscopic retrieval of retracted flexor tendons: An atraumatic technique.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06080 Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The repair of retracted flexor tendons is a challenging problem for hand surgeons. The tendon stump should be handled in an atraumatic manner because any microtrauma to the sheath and tendon can lead to poor functional outcomes.

Methods: Twenty-three patients with flexor zone 2 injuries and intraoperative finding of retracted tendons were randomly divided into two groups: endoscopic retrieval group and proximal incision group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019

Data fitting approach more critical than exposure scenarios and treatment of censored data for quantitative microbial risk assessment.

Water Res 2019 Feb 4;154:45-53. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química (INIQUI), CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Salta (UNSa), Av. Bolivia 5150, Salta, 4400, Argentina; Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering (SCELSE), Nanyang Technological University, 637551, Singapore; Facultad de Ingeniería, UNSa, Salta, Argentina. Electronic address:

Recreational waters are a source of many diseases caused by human viral pathogens, including norovirus genogroup II (NoV GII) and enterovirus (EV). Water samples from the Arenales river in Salta, Argentina, were concentrated by ultrafiltration and analyzed for the concentrations of NoV GII and EV by quantitative PCR. Out of 65 samples, 61 and 59 were non-detects (below the Sample Limit of Detection limit, SLOD) for EV and NoV GII, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.041DOI Listing
February 2019

Comorbidities (excluding lymphoma) in Sjögren's syndrome.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Rheumatology Department, Doctor Negrín University Hospital of Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain.

The information about comorbidities (excluding lymphoma) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is relatively scarce. Cardiovascular disease, infections, musculoskeletal conditions or malignancy are likely the most relevant comorbid conditions in pSS. Different infections (particularly oral candidal infections) and fibromyalgia are extremely frequent in the daily clinical practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key329DOI Listing
February 2019

National Patterns in Surgical Management of Syndactyly: A Review of 956 Cases.

Hand (N Y) 2019 Feb 15:1558944719828003. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Purpose: Being one of the most common congenital hand malformations, syndactyly is repaired by orthopedic, plastic, and fellowship-trained general surgeons. Limited multi-institutional outcomes analyses regarding incidence, timing, and type of repair exist.

Methods: All syndactyly cases performed over a 5-year period from 2012-2016 were isolated from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944719828003DOI Listing
February 2019

Cyclical adaptation of measles virus quasispecies to epithelial and lymphocytic cells: To V, or not to V.

PLoS Pathog 2019 Feb 15;15(2):e1007605. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States of America.

Measles virus (MeV) is dual-tropic: it replicates first in lymphatic tissues and then in epithelial cells. This switch in tropism raises the question of whether, and how, intra-host evolution occurs. Towards addressing this question, we adapted MeV either to lymphocytic (Granta-519) or epithelial (H358) cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007605DOI Listing
February 2019

Management of patients presenting with generalized musculoskeletal pain and a suspicion of Lyme disease.

Med Mal Infect 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

FHU INOVPAIN, centre d'évaluation et de traitement de la douleur, CHU de Timone, pôle de neurosciences cliniques, 13005 Marseille, France.

Lyme disease is caused by bacteria of the B. burgdorferi sensu lato complex, and can give polymorphic clinical manifestations that can affect several organs such as the skin, the central nervous system, or the joints. In recent years, patients' associations and physicians have been supporting the hypothesis that this infection would manifest as chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain symptoms, named "chronic Lyme disease". Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medmal.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

IL-17 and limits of success.

Cell Immunol 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States. Electronic address:

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine that protects a host against fungal and extracellular bacterial infections. On the other hand, excessive or dysregulated production of IL-17 underlines susceptibility to autoimmune disease. Consequently, blocking IL-17 has become an effective strategy for modulating several autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS), psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellimm.2018.09.001DOI Listing
September 2018

[Antibiotic treatment of infections in burn patients - a systematic review].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Klinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Schwerbrandverletzte, Handchirurgiezentrum, Operatives Referenzzentrum für Gliedmaßentumore, BG Universitätskliniken Bergmannsheil.

Background: Due to the loss of the natural skin barrier function with reduced immune competence as a result of a plasma loss and the numerous intensive care interventions, burn patients are particularly at risk for infection.

Study Design: systematic review METHODS: A systematic review of German and English literature between 1990 and 2018 analyzes the epidemiological and diagnostic aspects as well as the therapeutic use of antibiotics in infections of burn patients in clinical trials.

Results: A total number of 53 randomized controlled clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0802-8882
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0802-8882DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Socioeconomic vulnerability associated to Toxoplasma gondii exposure in southern Brazil.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212375. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory of Zoonoses and Public Health, Londrina State University, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

Human toxoplasmosis, a protozoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has been described as a worldwide foodborne disease with important public health impact. Despite infection has reportedly varied due to differences in alimentary, cultural and hygienic habits and geographic region, social vulnerability influence on toxoplasmosis distribution remains to be fully established. Accordingly, the present study has aimed to assess T. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212375PLOS
February 2019
4 Reads

Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for Use of Hepatitis A Vaccine for Persons Experiencing Homelessness.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Feb 15;68(6):153-156. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Hepatitis A (HepA) vaccination is recommended routinely for children at age 12-23 months, for persons who are at increased risk for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, and for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Persons at increased risk for HAV infection include international travelers to areas with high or intermediate hepatitis A endemicity, men who have sex with men, users of injection and noninjection drugs, persons with chronic liver disease, person with clotting factor disorders, persons who work with HAV-infected primates or with HAV in a research laboratory setting, and persons who anticipate close contact with an international adoptee from a country of high or interme-diate endemicity (1-3). Persons experiencing homelessness are also at higher risk for HAV infection and severe infection-associated outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6806a6.htm?s_cid=mm6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6806a6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hand Infections.

Authors:

Am Fam Physician 2019 Feb;99(4):Online

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
1 Read

Acute Hand Infections.

Am Fam Physician 2019 Feb;99(4):228-236

U.S. Marine Corps School of Infantry-East, Camp Geiger, NC, USA.

Acute hand infections are often caused by puncture wounds and are generally classified into superficial or deep infections. Superficial infections occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissues, whereas deep infections can involve the tendon sheaths, adjacent anatomic compartments, deep fascial planes, bursae, joint spaces, and bones. Superficial hand infections are more common than deep infections and are typically managed with elevation, warm soaks, splinting in the position of function, analgesics, and empiric antibiotics when indicated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
2 Reads

Incidence of surgical-site infection following open reduction and internal fixation of a distal femur fracture: An observational case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14547

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.

Surgical-site infection (SSI) is a common complication in orthopedic surgery; however, SSI after surgically managed distal femur fractures was not well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of SSI and identify some modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors.The patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) were reviewed to identify those who sustained a distal femur fracture and treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) between March 2014 and February 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014547DOI Listing
February 2019

Outcomes of Secondary Combined Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Release and Zone II Flexor Tenolysis.

Hand (N Y) 2019 Feb 14:1558944719828005. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Tendon adhesions and capsular contractures following trauma to the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) may significantly reduce hand function. Traditional, staged surgical management prioritizes restoration of PIPJ passive range of motion with joint release prior to restoration of active range of motion (AROM) with tenolysis. This is expensive and burdensome for patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944719828005DOI Listing
February 2019

Neutrophils Which Migrate to Lymph Nodes Modulate CD4 T Cell Response by a PD-L1 Dependent Mechanism.

Front Immunol 2019 29;10:105. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.

It is well known that neutrophils are rapidly recruited to a site of injury or infection and perform a critical role in pathogen clearance and inflammation. However, they are also able to interact with and regulate innate and adaptive immune cells and some stimuli induce the migration of neutrophils to lymph nodes (LNs). Previously, we demonstrated that the immune complex (IC) generated by injecting OVA into the footpad of OVA/CFA immunized mice induced the migration of OVA neutrophils to draining LNs (dLNs). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362305PMC
January 2019

Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis Is Not Independently Associated With Neurocognitive Impairment in People Living With HIV.

Front Microbiol 2018 28;9:3352. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Infectious Disease, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Gut microbiota dysbiosis, which has been linked to many neurological diseases, is common in HIV infection. However, its role in the pathogenesis of neurocognitive impairment is still not established. In this study, a total of 85 HIV infected subjects, naïve to antiretroviral therapy, were classified into two groups-those with HIV-associated neurological diseases (HAND) and those without, using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362426PMC
January 2019

A case report of a teenager with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease with brainstem encephalitis caused by enterovirus 71.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 13;19(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Intensive Care Unit, Key Medical Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing Health Bureau, Ministry of Education; Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute viral infection occurring mostly in infants and children. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection mostly occurs in children < 5 years of age. Severe cases, however, are usually encountered in children under the age of 3 years, and exceedingly rare in teenagers > 14 years and adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1428-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hand Ischemia due to Steal Syndrome Associated with Multiple Arteriovenous Malformations in a Patient with Parkes-Weber Syndrome.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2019 Mar;24(1):89-92

† Section of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Mexico City, Mexico.

Parkes Weber Syndrome (PWS) is a congenital disorder characterized by the presence of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in upper or lower extremities. We herein present a 35 year-old male with PWS with complex AVMs in the right upper extremity; he had been previously treated with multiple sessions of vessel embolization, sclerotherapy and AVM resections. The patient presented to our clinic with two month history of progressive hand ischemia, digit necrosis and infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835519720019DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

High-Throughput Sequencing to Investigate Phytopathogenic Fungal Propagules Caught in Baited Insect Traps.

J Fungi (Basel) 2019 Feb 12;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3851 Fallowfield Road, Nepean, ON, K2H 8P9, Canada.

Studying the means of dispersal of plant pathogens is crucial to better understand the dynamic interactions involved in plant infections. On one hand, entomologists rely mostly on both traditional molecular methods and morphological characteristics, to identify pests. On the other hand, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) is becoming the go-to avenue for scientists studying phytopathogens. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jof5010015DOI Listing
February 2019

Validation of a Stochastic Discrete Event Model Predicting Virus Concentration on Nurse Hands.

Risk Anal 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Community, Environment and Policy, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Understanding healthcare viral disease transmission and the effect of infection control interventions will inform current and future infection control protocols. In this study, a model was developed to predict virus concentration on nurses' hands using data from a bacteriophage tracer study conducted in Tucson, Arizona, in an urgent care facility. Surfaces were swabbed 2 hours, 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/risa.13281
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/risa.13281DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Imaging of bacteria in burn wounds treated with split-thicknessgrafts in MEEK/MESH technique: a pilot study with first experiences in clinical wound evaluation with autofluorescence].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Klinik für Plastische, Ästhetische, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Replantationszentrum Niedersachsen, Schwerbrandverletztenzentrum Niedersachsen.

Background: Partial and full thickness burns require surgical treatment, such as early débridement and skin transplantation in MEEK/MESH technique or further reconstructive surgery. Infections of burns or transplanted areas limit surgical success and increase patient mortality. For split-thickness grafts in MEEK technique a superficial silk is applied as a protective on-top dressing, whereas in MESH technique fatty gauze and foam are used as standard protective covers over five to seven days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0584-7488DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Current opinion about antimicrobial therapy in palliative care: an update.

Curr Opin Oncol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Medical Oncology Department, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Purpose Of Review: The review englobes the latest studies published regarding the problem of antimicrobial usage with palliative intent.

Recent Findings: In the advanced stages of illness like cancer, dementia, or neurodegenerative diseases, important decisions have to be made concerning the global treatment plan. Infections are very common among this kind of patients as they typically have multiple comorbidities and are incapacitated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCO.0000000000000514DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reversal of Diverting Loop Ileostomy Using Hand-Sewn Side-to-Side End-to-End Anastomosis after Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer: A Single Center Experience.

Am Surg 2018 Nov;84(11):1741-1744

Construction of diverting loop ileostomy has become a common adjunct to low anterior resection for rectal cancer because it substantially reduces the severity of postoperative morbidity. Various trials have compared hand-sewn with stapled anastomotic techniques, but the existing evidence regarding different configurations of hand-sewn anastomoses is scarce. The aim of this study is to compare the early postoperative outcomes of loop ileostomy reversal using the hand-sewn end-to-end or side-to-side configuration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
1 Read

A novel dynamic distraction external fixator for proximal interphalangeal joint fracture dislocation.

J Int Med Res 2019 Feb 12:300060519826821. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

*These authors contributed equally to this work.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel dynamic distraction external fixator for proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) fracture-dislocation.

Methods: From March 2005 to March 2014, 20 patients with PIPJ fracture-dislocation were treated with our technique. Function scores according to the Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ) score, union time, grip strength, and range of motion (ROM) were recorded before and after treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060519826821DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hand-to-genital and genital-to-genital transmission of human papillomaviruses between male and female sexual partners (HITCH): a prospective cohort study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background: Hand-to-genital contact is hypothesised to be a transmission mode of human papillomavirus (HPV) of the Alphapapillomavirus genus. We compared the relative importance of hand-to-genital and genital-to-genital HPV transmission between sexual partners.

Methods: In this prospective cohort study, we recruited and followed up female university students aged 18-24 years and their male sexual partners in Montreal, QC, Canada (2005-11). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30655-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A simple and short microbiology practical improves undergraduate nursing students' awareness of bacterial traits and ability to avoid spreading infections.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 11;19(1):53. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Nurses are responsible for implementing appropriate measures to reduce hospital infections, especially with multidrug resistant bacteria, so nursing students should learn about microbiology. This helps them to understand bacterial dissemination and infectious disease control. Because of tight schedules, however, its teaching is limited in undergraduate nursing classes in Japan. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1483-4DOI Listing
February 2019

[Trend of epidemics and variation of pathogens of hand, foot and mouth disease in China: a dynamic series analysis, 2008-2017].

Authors:
J Zhang

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;40(2):147-154

Division of Infectious Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

To understand the trend of epidemics and variation of pathogens on hand, foot and mouth diseases (HFMD) in China for setting up appropriate intervention measures. Data related to reported cases and outbreaks of HFMD from the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance Reporting System of China, 2008 to 2017, was collected and analyzed. Based on the geographical location and types of climate, the total 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the mainland of China, were divided into seven regions: north-west, north, mid-north, east, mid-south, south, and south-west regions, with epidemic trends and variation of pathogens analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Assessment and Management of HIV-Associated Cognitive Impairment: Experience from a Multidisciplinary Memory Service for People Living with HIV.

Brain Sci 2019 Feb 8;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Global Health and Infection, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, BN1 9PX, UK.

As the HIV population ages, the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) is increasing, yet few services exist for the assessment and management of these individuals. Here we provide an initial description of a memory assessment service for people living with HIV and present data from a service evaluation undertaken in the clinic. We conducted an evaluation of the first 52 patients seen by the clinic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9020037DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The expression and localization of Toll-like receptors 2, 4, 5 and 9 in the epididymis and vas deferens of a adult tom cats.

Theriogenology 2019 Feb 1;128:62-73. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey.

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important molecules, which provide protection against infections of the reproductive tract. This study demonstrates for the first time the expression and localization patterns of TLRs in the caput, corpus and cauda segments of the epididymal duct (ED) and the vas deferens (VD) of adult domestic cats using immunohistochemistry and western blotting. While immunoblot analyses revealed relatively similar protein levels for TLRs 2, 4, 5, and 9 in three segments of the ED, the protein levels of TLR2 and TLR4 in the VD were found to be significantly higher than those measured in the ED segments (P < 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Addressing Frequent Issues of Home Enteral Nutrition Patients.

Nutr Clin Pract 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

The home enteral nutrition (HEN) population is a medically diverse group whose number has increased substantially in recent decades. Although medically stable compared with acute care patients requiring nutrition support, HEN population needs are unique and require a team approach to manage nutrition. Frequently encountered issues by the HEN team include mechanical issues of the tube site, gastrointestinal and metabolic problems, and patient preferences regarding tube weaning, formula selection, and compliance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ncp.10257DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[One-stage thumb opponensplasty and polygonal flap in congenital spade hand reconstruction].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;33(2):199-202

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Wuxi No.9 People's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Wuxi Jiangsu, 214000,

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of one-stage metacarpal osteotomy, thumb opponensplasty and polygonal flap reconstruction in the treatment of congenital spade hand deformity.

Methods: Eight cases of congenital spade hand were treated between January 2013 and March 2017. There were 5 males and 3 females, with an average age of 17. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201804111DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Application of high frequency color Doppler ultrasound combined with wide-field imaging in the preoperative navigation of anterolateral thigh perforator flap surgery].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;33(2):190-194

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi Guizhou, 563000, P.R.China.

Objective: To investigate the application of high frequency color Doppler ultrasound (HFCDU) combined with wide-field imaging in the preoperative navigation of anterolateral thigh perforator flap graft.

Methods: Between January 2017 and March 2018, 28 patients with skin and soft tissue defects were treated, including 22 males and 6 females, with an average age of 33.5 years (range, 17-66 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201810025DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Multidisciplinary Approach and Clostridium difficile Infection in Adult Surgical Patients.

J Am Coll Surg 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: In 2017, our hospital was identified as a "High Outlier" for postoperative Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in the American College of Surgeons NSQIP semi-annual report. The Department of Surgery initiated an CDI Task Force with representation from Surgery, Infectious Disease, Pharmacy, and Performance Services to analyze available data, identify opportunities for improvement, and implement strategies to reduce CDI.

Study Design: Strategies to reduce CDI were reviewed from the literature and multi-disciplinary strategies were initiated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.12.045DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Biological and chemical diversity go hand in hand: Basidomycota as source of new pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

Biotechnol Adv 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Microbial Drugs, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany; German Center for Infection Research, partner site Hannover-Braunschweig, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany. Electronic address:

The Basidiomycota constitutes the second largest higher taxonomic group of the Fungi after the Ascomycota and comprises over 30.000 species. Mycelial cultures of Basidiomycota have already been studied since the 1950s for production of antibiotics and other beneficial secondary metabolites. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019
9.015 Impact Factor

A quasi-randomized controlled before-after study using performance feedback and goal setting as elements of hand hygiene promotion.

J Hosp Infect 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Social Psychology, Ulm University, Ulm Germany.

Background: Hand hygiene (HH) plays an important role in infection prevention but is often suboptimal.

Aim: To test the potential of goal setting and performance feedback in improving HH.

Method: A prospective controlled intervention study was conducted at a German hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers, a serosurvey in Northeast Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):391–397

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Azadi Square, 9177948564 Mashhad, Iran

Cystic echinococcosis and toxoplasmosis are two human parasitic diseases. Butchers and slaughterhouse workers are in close contact with body fluids and tissues of ruminants. To investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers in Northeast of Iran, Mashhad, 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2018
1 Read

IDO, COX and iNOS have an important role in the proliferation of Neospora caninum in neuron/glia co-cultures.

Vet Parasitol 2019 Feb 22;266:96-102. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Laboratório de Neuroquímica e Biologia Celular, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Av. Reitor Miguel Calmon s/n, Vale do Canela, CEP 41100-100, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; INCT de Neurociência Translacional (INNT)- CNPq, Brazil. Electronic address:

Central nervous system (CNS) is the main site for encystment of Neospora caninum in different animal species. In this tissue, glial cells (astrocytes and microglia) modulate responses to aggression in order to preserve homeostasis and neuronal function. Previous data showed that when primary cultures of glial cells are infected with N. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of stochastic and deterministic frameworks in dengue modelling.

Math Biosci 2019 Feb 6;310:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Institut de Biologie de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure (IBENS), Ecole Normale Supérieure, CNRS UMR 8197,46 rue d'Ulm, Paris 75005, France; International Center for Mathematical and Computational Modeling of Complex Systems (UMMISCO), UMI 209 Sorbonne Université - IRD, Bondy cedex, France.

We perform estimations of compartment models for dengue transmission in rural Cambodia with increasing complexity regarding both model structure and the account for stochasticity. On the one hand, we successively account for three embedded sources of stochasticity: observation noise, demographic variability and environmental hazard. On the other hand, complexity in the model structure is increased by introducing vector-borne transmission, explicit asymptomatic infections and interacting virus serotypes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mbs.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads