493 results match your criteria Hairy Tongue


Tetracycline-induced black hairy tongue.

J Gen Fam Med 2020 May 30;21(3):80-81. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Postgraduate Clinical Training Center Shimane University Hospital Shimane Japan.

A blackish discolouration on the central part of the dorsal tongue in the front of the circumvallate papillae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgf2.300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260164PMC

Glycopyrrolate-Induced Black Hairy Tongue.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2020 Mar-Apr;11(2):256-257. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of ENT and HNS, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_54_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247658PMC

Feeding behavior of honey bees on dry sugar.

J Insect Physiol 2020 May 21;124:104059. Epub 2020 May 21.

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China.

The feeding habits of insects can be influenced by food abundance, nutrition, physical forces, and many other variables, which is why this topic is multidisciplinary and perennially fascinating. Although honey bees primarily feed on liquid nectar, they also can feed on dry sugar; however, the feeding mechanism for feeding on dry substances by a primarily fluid-feeding insect remains unexplored. We observed that, when honey bees are accessible to both dry sugar and liquid nectar, they prefer to feed on the latter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2020.104059DOI Listing

A 45-year-old Female with an Atypical Presentation of Pharyngitis.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2020 May 27;4(2):234-240. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Reynold's Memorial Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Glen Dale, West Virginia.

Introduction: Emergency physicians are trained to treat a variety of ailments in the emergency department (ED), some of which are emergent, while others are not. A common complaint seen in the ED is a sore throat. While most sore throats are easily diagnosed and treated, less common causes are often not considered in the differential diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2020.2.46974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7219994PMC

Oral Manifestations in HIV-TB Co- infected Patients and Their Correlation with CD4 Count in Telangana State, India.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2020 Jan-Feb;10(1):21-35. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Aims And Objectives: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related oral lesions are often an early finding, and they reflect the underlying immunosuppression, and tuberculosis (TB) coinfection can have further deteriorating effect. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate clinical and oral presentations of patients coinfected with HIV-TB, correlating with various parameters such as the type of TB with CD4 cell count, the type of TB with oral manifestations, site of the lesion, oral manifestations with CD4 cell counts, age, and gender.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 200 patients coinfected with HIV-TB, registered at Gandhi Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, and demographic data, CD4 count, diagnosis of TB, and clinical presentation of TB were correlated with site, age, gender, and the type of lesions in the oral cavity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_448_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055335PMC
January 2020

Global Prevalence of Tobacco Use in Adolescents and Its Adverse Oral Health Consequences.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Nov 11;7(21):3659-3666. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Smoking is associated with various systemic conditions and contributes to a huge financial burden to economies around the world.

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate global data about the prevalence of tobacco use among male and female adolescents and to discuss smoking-related oral complications.

Methods: The prevalence data of tobacco use among adolescents (13-15 years) was retrieved from the World Health Organization (Global Health Observatory). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6986508PMC
November 2019

Effects of Electronic Cigarettes on Oral Cavity: A Systematic Review.

J Evid Based Dent Pract 2019 12 8;19(4):101318. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Institute of Integrated Clinical Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR) Area of Environment Genetics and Oncobiology (CIMAGO), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Introduction: The increase in the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) in young people and the lack of knowledge of the health effects of smoking in the short and long term are worrying. Although the oral cavity is the first to interact directly with the e-cig aerosol, studies on potential oral cavity lesions are still limited and there is some controversy about safety.

Objective: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the adverse effects of e-cigs on oral health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebdp.2019.04.002DOI Listing
December 2019

Oral leukoplakia; a proposal for simplification and consistency of the clinical classification and terminology.

Authors:
I van der Waal

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2019 Nov 1;24(6):e799-e803. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology VU University Medical Center P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands

There is a distinct lack of uniformity in the definitions and clinical terminologies related to oral leukoplakia and leukoplakialike lesions and disorders. Proposals have been put forward to subclassify leukoplakia into a homogeneous and a non-homogeneous type based on color only, being either predominantly white or mixed whiteand-red, respectively, irrespective of the texture of the lesion. In this proposal there is no need anymore to regard the poorly defined proliferative verrucous leukoplakia as a separate entity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/medoral.23372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901141PMC
November 2019

Prednisolone-Induced Hairy Tongue: A Case Report.

Arch Rheumatol 2019 09 1;34(3):348-351. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Rheumatology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Hairy tongue is a benign and mostly asymptomatic disorder characterized by elongation of papillae with typical hairy-like appearance on the dorsal surface of the tongue. Many medical conditions, antibiotics, and drugs inducing xerostomia are associated with hairy tongue. In this article, we report a female patient with polymyalgia rheumatica who developed hairy tongue following treatment with prednisolone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5606/ArchRheumatol.2019.7239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6768785PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Temporal model of fluid-feeding mechanisms in a long proboscid orchid bee compared to the short proboscid honey bee.

J Theor Biol 2020 01 19;484:110017. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Division of Intelligent and Biomechanical Systems, State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Bees (Apidae) are flower-visiting insects that possess highly efficient mouthparts for the ingestion of nectar and other sucrose fluids. Their mouthparts are composed of mandibles and a tube-like proboscis. The proboscis forms a food canal, which encompasses a protrusible and hairy tongue to load and imbibe nectar, representing a fluid-feeding technique with a low Reynolds number. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2019.110017DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Vinorelbine and carboplatin-induced black tongue: A case report.

Therapie 2020 May - Jun;75(3):297-301. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Medical oncology department, National institute of oncology, 10170 Rabat, Morocco.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.therap.2019.05.006DOI Listing
July 2019
4 Reads

Black hairy tongue: clinical management.

Emergencias 2019 Ago;31(4):291-292

Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.

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May 2020
1 Read

Collection of nectar by bumblebees: how the physics of fluid demonstrates the prominent role of the tongue's morphology.

Soft Matter 2019 Aug 17;15(31):6392-6399. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Laboratoire Interfaces & Fluides Complexes, Université de Mons, 20 Place du Parc, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.

Bumblebees and some other tiny animals feed on nectar by visiting flowers in their neighborhood. Some bee species appear to be highly specialized, their tongue being adapted to specific flowers. Bombus terrestris in contrast is able to feed on a wide variety of flowers and can thus be considered as a kind of universal nectar catcher. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9sm00982eDOI Listing

Image Gallery: Black hairy tongue in a patient receiving enteral feeding.

Authors:
X Wang S Yang Y Wang

Br J Dermatol 2019 10 11;181(4):e91. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18205DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

Oral Hairy Leukoplakia in Patients With No Evidence of Immunosuppression: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

J Can Dent Assoc 2018 05;84:i4

Objectives: Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and is often associated with HIV and other immunosuppressive conditions. It is rare in HIV-negative patients, but has been reported in patients who use immune-modulating medications (e.g. Read More

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May 2018
17 Reads

A review and guide to drug-associated oral adverse effects-Dental, salivary and neurosensory reactions. Part 1.

J Oral Pathol Med 2019 Aug 28;48(7):626-636. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Melbourne Dental School, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

Numerous adverse drug reactions (ADR) manifest in the oral cavity and orofacial region. Dentists and other health professionals commonly encounter and manage these adverse effects however, due to lack of awareness and training, they are not always recognised as being drug-induced nor reported to pharmacovigilance agencies. The broad diversity and increasing number of medications for which dental pharmacovigilance is needed can be overwhelming for all health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.12911DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

Genetic and developmental disorders of the oral mucosa: Epidemiology; molecular mechanisms; diagnostic criteria; management.

Periodontol 2000 2019 06;80(1):12-27

WHO Collaboration Centre for Epidemiology and Community Dentistry, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

A large number of disorders may affect the oral cavity, including genetic diseases, infections, cancers, blood diseases, skin diseases, endocrine and metabolic disorders, autoimmune and rheumatologic diseases, local lesions, to name a few. Oral mucosa shows a considerable variation in its normal structure and a wide range of conditions may affect it. Such conditions are often harmless or minor and could be primary or secondary to systemic disease. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/prd.12261
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/prd.12261DOI Listing
June 2019
39 Reads

[Rare Finding at the Base of the Tongue in 64-Year-Old Male with Esophageal Carcinoma].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2019 05 13;144(10):649-650. Epub 2019 May 13.

Klinik für Gastroenterologie und interventionelle Endoskopie, Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder, Regensburg.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0823-3732DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Hairy Tongue: Differential Diagnosis by Use of Widefield Optical Fluorescence.

Braz Dent J 2019 Mar-Apr;30(2):191-196. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Química Biológica (NQBio), UFSJ - Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, MG, Brasil.

Hairy tongue is a benign pathology, characterized clinically by hyperkeratinized plaques on the dorsal surface of the tongue, hairlike, whose coloration ranges from unpigment, whitish, yellowish, green, brown to black. Diagnosis is clinical, and, in cases of whitish plaques, it may be difficult to differentiate between oral hairy leukoplakia, potentially malignant leukoplakia or squamous cell carcinoma. Thus, widefield optical fluorescence complementary examination may allow a better visualization of the local hairlike pattern of hyperkeratinization, typical of the hairy tongue, facilitating the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-6440201902270DOI Listing
October 2019
27 Reads

Dermatologic manifestations associated with electronic cigarette use.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Oct 6;81(4):1001-1007. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Dermatology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address:

Background: Electronic cigarette use continues to rise, yet there are no reviews summarizing dermatologic manifestations associated with electronic cigarettes in the literature.

Objective: To review the literature regarding cutaneous manifestations associated with electronic cigarette use and increase awareness of side effects associated with this rapidly developing public health epidemic.

Methods: The PubMed database was searched for related literature. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01909622193054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.03.088DOI Listing
October 2019
4 Reads

Non-HPV Papillary Lesions of the Oral Mucosa: Clinical and Histopathologic Features of Reactive and Neoplastic Conditions.

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Mar 29;13(1):71-79. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Université de Montréal Montreal, Centre-ville station, PO Box 6128, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.

Excluding human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven conditions, oral papillary lesions consist of a variety of reactive and neoplastic conditions and, on occasion, can herald internal malignancy or be part of a syndrome. The objectives of this paper are to review the clinical and histopathological features of the most commonly encountered non-HPV papillary conditions of the oral mucosa. These include normal anatomic structures (retrocuspid papillae, lingual tonsils), reactive lesions (hairy tongue, inflammatory papillary hyperplasia), neoplastic lesions (giant cell fibroma), lesions of unknown pathogenesis (verruciform xanthoma, spongiotic gingival hyperplasia) and others associated with syndromes (for instance Cowden syndrome) or representing paraneoplastic conditions (malignant acanthosis nigricans). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-019-01001-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405796PMC
March 2019
16 Reads

Black and Brown: Non-neoplastic Pigmentation of the Oral Mucosa.

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Mar 22;13(1):47-55. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Louisiana State University, 1100 Florida Avenue, New Orleans, LA, 70119, USA.

Black and brown pigmentation of the oral mucosa can occur due to a multitude of non-neoplastic causes. Endogenous or exogenous pigments may be responsible for oral discoloration which can range from innocuous to life-threatening in nature. Physiologic, reactive, and idiopathic melanin production seen in smoker's melanosis, drug-related discolorations, melanotic macule, melanoacanthoma and systemic diseases are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-018-0980-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405786PMC
March 2019
28 Reads

The yellow hairy tongue.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 30;30:298. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Berlin Institute of Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin 12200, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.298.16328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320443PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Eradication of hairy mouth after oncological resection of the tongue and floor mouth using a diode laser 808 nm. Postoperative pain assessment using thermal infrared imaging.

Lasers Surg Med 2019 08 6;51(6):516-521. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Morphology, Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Objectives: Vascularized soft tissue flaps are often harvested from hair-bearing areas, such as the radial forearm or anterolateral thigh, making their use in oral reconstruction problematic due to postoperative hair growth. The presence of intact hair follicles in free tissue transfer and continued hair growth at the recipient site can result in difficulties with oral hygiene, intraoral irritation, food trapping, and patient distress. This study was to evaluate the intraoral efficacy and safety of a diode laser 808 nm when used for hair removal. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lsm.23054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lsm.23054DOI Listing
August 2019
9 Reads
2.619 Impact Factor

Plötzlich hat sie Haare auf der Zunge.

Authors:
H Holzgreve

MMW Fortschr Med 2018 12;160(21-22):41

.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15006-018-1232-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Cats use hollow papillae to wick saliva into fur.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 12 19;115(49):12377-12382. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405;

The cat tongue is covered in sharp, rear-facing spines called papillae, the precise function of which is a mystery. In this combined experimental and theoretical study, we use high-speed film, grooming force measurements, and computed tomography (CT) scanning to elucidate the mechanism by which papillae are used to groom fur. We examine the tongues of six species of cats from domestic cat to lion, spanning 30-fold in body weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1809544115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298077PMC
December 2018
35 Reads

Linezolid-induced black hairy tongue.

Acta Biomed 2018 10 8;89(3):408-410. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Thoracic Surgery, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma.

Black hairy tongue (BHT) is a self-limiting disorder characterized by abnormal hypertrophy and elongation of filiform papillae on the surface of the tongue. The exact mechanism of drug-induced BHT is unknown. Several factors have been implicated and included smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol, poor oral hygiene and antibiotics such as tetracyclines and penicillins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89i3.7060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6502130PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Nigrites Linguae: An Unusual Presentation.

Skinmed 2018;16(4):262-263. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

From the Skineplex, Center of Dermatology, Burdwan, India Dermato-Venereology (Skin/VD) Center, Sehgal Nursing Home, Panchwati Delhi, India.

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October 2019
14 Reads

Black Hairy Tongue.

N Engl J Med 2018 Sep;379(10):e16

Washington University, St. Louis, MO

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMicm1800351
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1800351DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads
55.873 Impact Factor

A White Patch on the Tongue.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 12;154(12):1475-1476

Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Division of Dermatopathology, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia.

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http://archderm.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.1571DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Oral hairy leukoplakia in healthy immunocompetent patients: a small case series.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 6;22(3):335-339. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Oral Medicine, The University of Bristol Dental Hospital, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS1 2LY, England.

Background: Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and usually presents in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and systemic immunosuppression. It is rarely seen in patients who are immunocompetent. It is clinically characterised as an asymptomatic, soft, white and corrugated lesion that cannot be scraped from the surface it adheres to. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10006-018-0709-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-018-0709-7DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Prevalence and Distribution of Oral Mucosal Lesions by Sex and Age Categories: A Retrospective Study of Patients Attending Lebanese School of Dentistry.

Int J Dent 2018 17;2018:4030134. Epub 2018 May 17.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in a sample of Lebanese population attending the School of Dentistry of Lebanese University is necessary to evaluate their oral health situation.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions of patients attending the School of Dentistry.

Methods: A descriptive study was carried out by retrospectively examining a total of 231 medical and clinical examination record files of patients, attending the School of Dentistry Lebanese University for multidisciplinary dental treatments. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijd/2018/4030134/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4030134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985080PMC
May 2018
18 Reads

Oral lesions as an important marker for HIV progression.

Dermatol Online J 2017 Sep 15;23(9). Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Laboratory of Virology, Institute of Tropical Medicine of São Paulo, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 2 Department of Stomatology, Division of General Pathology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. br.

Background: Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is a benign lesion caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replication in the oral epithelium affecting the borders of the tongue. It is strongly associated with immunosuppression, especially in HIV+ adults but is uncommon in pediatric population. The aim of the study is to show the importance of the correct diagnosis of OHL and its influence on HIV treatment. Read More

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September 2017
13 Reads

Hairy tongue in a 1-month-old infant.

Arch Dis Child 2019 02 23;104(2):158. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit - Neonatology and Paediatric Intensive Care Department, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

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http://adc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2017-3143
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-314340DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Considerations in the diagnosis of oral hairy leukoplakia-an institutional experience.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018 03 15;125(3):232-235. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: We report here the 10-year experience with oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) at the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Study Design: All the associated hematoxylin and eosin and Epstein-Barr virus encoding region in situ hybridization slides of OHL cases between January 1, 2008, and February 1, 2017, were retrieved and reviewed. Collected demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, medical and social histories were reviewed and reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2017.10.017DOI Listing
March 2018
20 Reads

Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions among Dental Patients with Mixed Habits in Salem District - A Study.

Authors:
R Karthik N Mohan

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2017 Nov;9(Suppl 1):S55-S67

Department of Oral Medicine, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: The practice of betel nut chewing with or without tobacco is still practiced in south india, salem inspite of its harmful effects.

Methodology: 200 Patients visiting the outpatient department, Oral medicine and radiology from Aug 2015 to Aug 2016.

Result And Conclusion: In our study, 3 women were exclusively churut smokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_86_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731045PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

Oral mucosal lesions in electronic cigarettes consumers versus former smokers.

Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Apr 21;76(3):226-228. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

a Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health , Dental School, University of Brescia , Brescia , Italy.

Objectives: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have become very popular in recent years. However, many uncertainties remain about their side effects. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in former smokers compared to ECs consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2017.1406613DOI Listing
April 2018
31 Reads

Global health challenges in treating an elderly institutionalised patient: an oral medicine perspective.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Nov 4;2017. Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Adjunct Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

A 64-year-old institutionalised woman presented to our clinic for the management of black hairy tongue. Despite the predictable outcome in treating this disease, this case presents multiple challenges such as the patients' cognitive impairment, her family dynamics, social factors and the health system as a whole, that makes it difficult to treat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-221539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5747693PMC
November 2017
11 Reads

Oral Lesions in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Acta Clin Croat 2016 09;55(3):459-463

Clinical Department of Urology, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia

Permanent immunosuppression is necessary to prevent rejection after kidney transplantation. However, it may predispose patients to different conditions and diseases including oral lesions. The most common benign oral lesions in kidney transplant recipients are gingival hyperplasia, oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia and saburral tongue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20471/acc.2016.55.03.15DOI Listing
September 2016
26 Reads
0.421 Impact Factor

Ranitidine-induced black tongue: A case report.

Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Nov 2;34(6):e334-e336. Epub 2017 Oct 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Black tongue is a rare, benign, self-limiting disorder caused by certain conditions and some medications. We report the first case of a child diagnosed with black tongue associated with ranitidine use. We report our case to emphasize the rare side effect of this frequently used drug. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13309DOI Listing
November 2017
9 Reads

Black hairy tongue with olanzapine: A rare case report.

Indian J Psychiatry 2017 Apr-Jun;59(2):249-250

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_289_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5547875PMC
August 2017
44 Reads

Black hairy tongue cured concurrently with respiratory infection.

Cleve Clin J Med 2017 Jun;84(6):434-435

Department of Dermatology, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3949/ccjm.84a.16044DOI Listing
June 2017
13 Reads

Black Hairy Tongue.

J Gen Intern Med 2017 11 1;32(11):1266. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Connective Tissue Diseases Unit, Department of Dermatology, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11606-017-4087-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-017-4087-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5653546PMC
November 2017
9 Reads
3.449 Impact Factor

Lingua Villosa Nigra.

Isr Med Assoc J 2017 Feb;19(2):131

Department of Medicine, Padeh Poria Medical Center, Tiberias, affiliated with Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar Ilan University, Safed, Israel.

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February 2017
23 Reads

Oral pigmentation in physiologic conditions, post-inflammatory affections and systemic diseases.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Oct 19;153(5):666-671. Epub 2017 Apr 19.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy -

Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases. Read More

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https://www.minervamedica.it/index2.php?show=R23Y2018N05A066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05619-XDOI Listing
October 2018
23 Reads

Oral hairy leukoplakia arising in a patient with hairy cell leukaemia: the first reported case.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Apr 6;2017. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Oral Medicine, University of Bristol Dental Hospital, Bristol, UK.

Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is an oral mucosal lesion that is associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. It commonly presents as an asymptomatic, non-removable white patch on the lateral borders of the tongue in individuals who are immunocompromised. Historically, OHL was thought to be pathognomonic of HIV infection; however, it is now an established phenomenon in a range of conditions affecting immune competence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-218663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5534917PMC
April 2017
16 Reads

Black Hairy Tongue: Predisposing Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Aug;18(4):563-569

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 800 Poly Place, Brooklyn, NY, 11209, USA.

Black hairy tongue (BHT) is a benign condition commonly found among people who smoke, have poor oral hygiene, are immunocompromised, or have a medical condition limiting their ability to practice good oral hygiene. Though this condition is harmless, patients need to be educated on etiology as many common medications are associated with this condition. Patients being placed on certain antibiotics or antipsychotics should be educated on the importance of good oral hygiene or cessation of habits that promote BHT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40257-017-0268-yDOI Listing
August 2017
22 Reads

Black brown discoloration and hairy tongue - A rare linezolid side effect.

Indian J Tuberc 2017 01 15;64(1):44-46. Epub 2016 Dec 15.

Director, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Linezolid was approved for clinical use for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci. Additionally it is used in the management of drug resistant tuberculosis. It is well-tolerated however bone marrow suppression and neuropathies may occur in patients taking this antibiotic for more than 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2016.06.003DOI Listing
January 2017
8 Reads

Black hairy tongue.

Authors:
Kenta Watanabe

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2017 Nov - Dec;68(6):374. Epub 2017 Feb 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Toranomon Hospital, 2-2-2 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8470, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2016.10.002DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Black Hairy Tongue Associated With Lorazepam Treatment of a Male Smoker With Major Depression.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2017 04;37(2):261-263

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatic Medicine, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Castrop-Rauxel, Castrop-Rauxel, Germany and Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, LVR-Hospital Essen, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatic Medicine, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Castrop-Rauxel, Castrop-Rauxel, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000000661DOI Listing
April 2017
124 Reads