10 results match your criteria HIV-1 Associated Opportunistic Neoplasms - CNS Lymphoma

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HIV disorders of the brain: pathology and pathogenesis.

Front Biosci 2006 Jan 1;11:718-32. Epub 2006 Jan 1.

Center for Neurovirology and Cancer Biology, Laboratory of Neuropathology and Molecular Pathology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA.

Infection with HIV-1 has spread exponentially in recent years to reach alarming proportions. It is estimated than more than 33 million adults and 1.3 million children are infected worldwide. Read More

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January 2006
10 Reads

Epstein-Barr virus associated with primary CNS lymphoma and disseminated BCG infection in a child with AIDS.

Int J Infect Dis 2005 Mar;9(2):96-103

AIDS Reference Center, Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez (HNRG), Virrey Arredondo 3231, 1426, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: AIDS patients are at increased risk of developing concurrent infections with viral, parasitic, fungal or mycobacterial organisms. They can present constitutional symptoms of fever and weight loss, either due to infections or an underlying lymphoma which may coexist.

Case Report: A child with HIV-AIDS and mild encephalopathy is reported, who during the course of a confirmed disseminated mycobacterial disease developed neurological impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2004.05.008DOI Listing
March 2005
17 Reads

Management of HIV-associated focal brain lesions in developing countries.

QJM 2004 Jul;97(7):413-21

Division of Radiology, Department of Radiation Sciences, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: HIV-associated focal brain lesions (HFBL) are caused by opportunistic infections, neoplasms, or cerebrovascular diseases. In developed countries, toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) is the most frequent cause, followed by primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Guidelines based on these causes however are poorly suited to developing countries, where treatable infections predominate as causes of HFBL. Read More

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July 2004
12 Reads

Kaposi's sarcoma and central nervous system disease: a real association or an artifact of the control group? Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS.

AIDS 2000 May;14(8):995-1000

Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS Statistical and Data Management Center, Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455-0378, USA.

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) protects against four central nervous system (CNS) diseases in HIV-1-infected individuals.

Study Population And Design: The study population of 9404 subjects included participants in Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS (CPCRA) protocols who were enrolled between September 1990 and September 1998. This was an observational study. Read More

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May 2000
7 Reads

Influence of risk group and zidovudine therapy on the development of HIV encephalitis and cognitive impairment in AIDS patients.

AIDS 1996 May;10(5):493-9

Department of Pathology, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Objective: To determine the associations between HIV encephalitis and other central nervous system (CNS) pathology, viral burden, cognitive impairment, zidovudine therapy and risk group in AIDS patients.

Design: Planned autopsy study in AIDS patients evaluated prospectively for numerous clinical parameters.

Setting: Regional academic centre for clinical care and pathology examination of patients with HIV infection. Read More

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http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/aidsonline/1996/05000/Influence
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May 1996
6 Reads

Imaging methods as a diagnostic tool in neuro-AIDS. A review.

Authors:
G Arendt

Bildgebung 1995 Dec;62(4):310-9

Neurologische Klinik, Universität Düsseldorf, Germany.

Since 1983, central nervous system (CNS) involvement in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is well recognized. Imaging methods are important in diagnosing AIDS-related primary and secondary CNS processes as HIV-1-associated encephalopathy, cerebral toxoplasmosis, primary CNS lymphoma, cytomegalovirus (CMV) encephalitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), and infectious spinal cord granulomas. This paper presents a review of typical AIDS-related CNS findings as seen in morphological radiologic techniques, i. Read More

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December 1995
12 Reads

Radionuclide brain imaging in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Q J Nucl Med 1995 Sep;39(3):243-9

University College London Medical School, Middlesex Hospital, UK.

Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) may produce a variety of central nervous system (CNS) symptoms and signs. CNS involvement in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) includes AIDS dementia complex or HIV-1 associated cognitive/motor complex (widely known as HIV encephalopathy), progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML), opportunistic infections such as Toxoplasma gondii, TB, Cryptococcus and infiltration by non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma. High resolution structural imaging investigations, either X-ray Computed Tomography (CT scan) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) have contributed to the understanding and definition of cerebral damage caused by HIV encephalopathy. Read More

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September 1995
7 Reads

[Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A multicenter clinical study of 77 cases].

Med Clin (Barc) 1995 Apr;104(13):481-6

Grupo Cooperativo SIDA y Tumores de Madrid (Hospital 12 de Octubre).

Background: The aim of the present was to study the prevalence of non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in AIDS patients as well as the clinicopathologic characteristics, response to treatment and survival.

Methods: From January 1984 to January 1991, 77 patients with NHL associated with AIDS diagnosed in 9 hospitals in Madrid were retrospectively studied.

Results: Ninety-two per cent of the patients were men (mean age 30 years: range: 9-66 years), 62% were intravenous drug abusers and 20 (26%) homosexuals. Read More

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April 1995
8 Reads

Biology of disease and clinical aspects of AIDS-associated lymphoma: a review.

East Afr Med J 1994 Apr;71(4):219-22

Northern Israel Oncology Centre, Haifa.

AIDS-related lymphoma was not apparent until 1985, when a statistically significant increase in the frequency of lymphoma had occurred. Over 50% are high-grade lymphoma, either immunoblastic or small, noncleaved cells (Burkitt's-like lymphoma), with involvement of extranodal sites such as the central nervous system (> one-third of patients), gastrointestinal tract, skin and bone marrow. Optimal therapy for AIDS-associated lymphoma has not yet been defined. Read More

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April 1994
4 Reads

Neuropathology of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS): report of 39 autopsies from Vancouver, British Columbia.

Can J Neurol Sci 1992 Nov;19(4):442-52

Department of Pathology, UCLA Center for Health Sciences 90024-1732.

Neuropathological findings from 39 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) autopsies of primarily neurologically symptomatic patients and 7 brain biopsies from AIDS patients performed at St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia are reported. Autopsy findings included human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV)-type multinucleated giant cell (MNGC)-associated encephalitis seen in 17 patients, toxoplasmosis in 7 patients, and cytomegalovirus encephalitis and/or microglial nodule-associated nuclear inclusions in brain parenchyma in 9 patients. Read More

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November 1992
10 Reads
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