56,046 results match your criteria Gynecologic Care of Women Infected With HIV

Patterns of Narcotic Utilization in Women Undergoing Hysterectomy for Benign Indications.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Jun 12:102181. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC.

Objective: To determine whether perioperative narcotic utilization at the time of hysterectomy has decreased since 2012.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Academic university hospital. Read More

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Loss of Selenoprotein Iodothyronine Deiodinase 3 Expression Correlates with Progression of Complete Hydatidiform Mole to Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia.

Reprod Sci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St., Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

To investigate if differences in imprinting at tropho-microRNA (miRNA) genomic clusters can distinguish between pre-gestational trophoblastic neoplasia cases (pre-GTN) and benign complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) cases at the time of initial uterine evacuation. miRNA sequencing was performed on frozen tissue from 39 CHM cases including 9 GTN cases. DIO3, DLK1, RTL1, and MEG 3 mRNA levels were assessed by qRT-PCR. Read More

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Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women: A Review.

JAMA 2021 Jun;325(23):2381-2391

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles.

Importance: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a challenging condition that affects an estimated 26% of the world's female population. Chronic pelvic pain accounts for 40% of laparoscopies and 12% of hysterectomies in the US annually even though the origin of CPP is not gynecologic in 80% of patients. Both patients and clinicians are often frustrated by a perceived lack of treatments. Read More

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Potential Strategies to Increase Gynecologic Oncologist Treatment for Ovarian Cancer.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Jun;30(6):769-781

ICF, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Evidence shows that treatment by gynecologic oncologists (GOs) increases overall survival among women with ovarian cancer. However, specific strategies for institutions and community-based public health programs to promote treatment by GOs are lacking. To address this, we conducted a literature review to identify evidence-based and promising system- and environmental-change strategies for increasing treatment by GOs, in effort to ensure that all women with ovarian cancer receive the standard of care. Read More

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The application of transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery with a self-made port to remove giant ovarian cysts.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, Xining, 810001, Qinghai province, China.

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Implication of BAG5 downregulation in metabolic reprogramming of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells via mTORC2 signaling pathway.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2021 Jun 11:119076. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, China Medical University, Shenyang 110026, China. Electronic address:

Ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of gynecologic malignancies associated death. Primary or acquired cisplatin resistance is frequently occurred during ovarian cancer therapy. Cancer stem cells (CSC) tend to form minimal residual disease after chemotherapy and are implicated in relapse. Read More

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The Microbiome and Gynecologic Cancer: Current Evidence and Future Opportunities.

Curr Oncol Rep 2021 Jun 14;23(8):92. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology; Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Desk A81, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review the emerging evidence regarding the relationship between the microbiota of the gastrointestinal and female reproductive tracts and gynecologic cancer.

Recent Findings: The microbiome has essential roles in maintaining health. In recent years, the microbiota of the gastrointestinal and female reproductive tracts have been linked to many diseases, including gynecologic cancer. Read More

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Progress in Gynecologic Cancers with Antibody Drug Conjugates.

Curr Oncol Rep 2021 Jun 14;23(8):89. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Ohio State University, M210 Starling Loving Hall, 320 West 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article provides a comprehensive review of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) under investigation in gynecologic cancers. The structure and function of ADCs are reviewed with a focus on clinical benefit as well as toxicity profiles.

Recent Findings: Several ADCs with various target antigens have been investigated in ovarian, cervical, and endometrial cancer. Read More

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Hypomorphic and hypermorphic mouse models of Fsip2 indicate its dosage-dependent roles in sperm tail and acrosome formation.

Development 2021 Jun 14;148(11). Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratory of Medical Systems Biology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, 510623 Guangzhou, China.

Loss-of-function mutations in multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF)-associated genes lead to decreased sperm motility and impaired male fertility. As an MMAF gene, the function of fibrous sheath-interacting protein 2 (FSIP2) remains largely unknown. In this work, we identified a homozygous truncating mutation of FSIP2 in an infertile patient. Read More

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Effectiveness of Perioperative Opioid Educational Initiatives: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Anesth Analg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York.

Background: Opioids are the most commonly prescribed analgesics in the United States. Current guidelines have proposed education initiatives to reduce the risk of chronic opioid consumption, yet there is lack of efficacy data on such interventions. Our study evaluates the impact of perioperative opioid education on postoperative opioid consumption patterns including opioid cessation, number of pills consumed, and opioid prescription refills. Read More

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Impacts of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Pain on Sleep in Women with Gynecologic Malignancies: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Sleep Med 2021 Jun 14:1-17. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Insomnia is an adverse cancer outcome impacting mood, pain, quality of life, and mortality in cancer patients. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for diverse psychophysiological disorders, including pain and insomnia. Primarily studied in breast cancer, there is limited research on CBT within gynecology oncology. Read More

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Substrate-Induced Growth of Micro/Nanostructured Zn(OH)F Arrays for Highly Sensitive Microfluidic Fluorescence Assays.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To date, ZnO array-based microfluidic fluorescence assays have been widely investigated and have exhibited excellent performance in the detection of cancer biomarkers. However, the requirements of highly sensitive detection necessitate further improvement of current Zn-based fluorescence detection devices. Here, a rhombus-like Zn(OH)F array-based microfluidic fluorescence detection device is proposed. Read More

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Cervical carcinoma with histologic components of sarcomatoid carcinoma and multiple basaloid variants: A case report and review of the literature.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 27;37:100797. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, M210 Starling Loving Hall, 320 W 10 Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, United States.

Cervical cancer with co-existing pathologic components of squamous cell carcinoma, basaloid morphology and sarcomatoid carcinoma is rare, with limited reports in the literature. Here we present a patient who underwent a modified radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer, with final pathology specimen demonstrating multiple histologic variants including basal carcinoma, adenoid cystic-like areas, basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and areas of high-grade transformation to sarcomatoid carcinoma. Read More

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Pembrolizumab in FIGO IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Vulva: A Case Report.

Front Oncol 2021 28;11:598594. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Gynecological Oncology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Vulvar cancer is the fourth most common gynecologic cancer, and prognosis is poor in advanced vulvar cancer patients. Treatment for advanced vulvar cancer has not been satisfactory. In this report, we firstly report a FIGO IVB vulva verrucous carcinoma patient who obtained good prognosis after systemic treatment. Read More

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Machine learning-based LIBS spectrum analysis of human blood plasma allows ovarian cancer diagnosis.

Biomed Opt Express 2021 May 2;12(5):2559-2574. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

Early-stage screening and diagnosis of ovarian cancer represent an urgent need in medicine. Usual ultrasound imaging and cancer antigen CA-125 test when prescribed to a suspicious population still require reconfirmations. Spectroscopic analyses of blood, at the molecular and atomic levels, provide useful supplementary tests when coupled with effective information extraction methods. Read More

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Vaginal cuff brachytherapy: do we need to treat to more than a two-centimeter active length?

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021 Jun 7;13(3):294-301. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor Scott and White Health, Temple, USA.

Purpose: American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) guidelines recommend using a 3-5 cm active length (AL) when treating vaginal cuff (VC) in adjuvant setting of endometrial cancer (EC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate local control and toxicity, using an AL of 1 or 2 cm and immobilization with a traditional table-mounted (stand) or patient-mounted (suspenders) device.

Material And Methods: Between 2005 and 2019, 247 patients with EC were treated with adjuvant high-dose-rate vaginal cuff (HDR-VC) brachytherapy with or without external beam radiation (EBRT). Read More

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MicroRNA-30c-2-3p regulates ER stress and induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells underlying ER stress.

EXCLI J 2021 25;20:922-934. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Ovarian cancer is a common gynecologic cancer with a high rate of recurrence, drug resistance, and mortality, thereby necessitating novel molecular target therapies. Ovarian cancer as a solid tumor has constantly been challenged by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). Currently, XBP1 as a therapeutic target in solid tumors plays a key role in adaptation to ERS. Read More

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Longitudinal, Long-Term Comparison of Single- versus Multipoint Upper Limb Circumference Periodical Measurements as a Tool to Predict Persistent Lymphedema in Women Treated Surgically for Breast Cancer: An Optimized Strategy to Early Diagnose Lymphedema and Avoid Permanent Sequelae in Breast Cancer Survivors.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic and Breast Oncology, Women's Hospital (CAISM), State University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas , SP, Brazil.

Purpose: We aim to evaluate whether upper limb (UL) circumference (ULC) and UL swelling sensation (ULSS) performed shortly after surgery or later on during follow-up can predict long-term/persistent forms of lymphedema in women who underwent surgery for breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: Eighty-five women completed at least 24 months of follow-up. At each follow-up visit (1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery), patients were tested for lymphedema using ULC and ULSS. Read More

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Cervical Cancer Prevention in Low and Middle Income Countries.

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancers afflicting women in low and middle income countries, however, both primary prevention with human papillomavirus vaccination, and secondary prevention with screening programs and treatment of preinvasive disease are possible. A coordinated approach to eliminating cervical cancer, as has been called for by the World Health Organization, requires a complex series of steps at all levels of a health system. This article outlines the current state of cervical cancer prevention in low and middle income countries, the innovations being employed to improve outcomes, and consideration of the next steps needed as we move towards global elimination. Read More

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Postreatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen as a survival prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. A Spanish multicenter study. The SEGO Spain-GOG group.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Gynecologic Oncology Unit, Obstetrics and Neonatology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of postreatment plasmatic levels of the squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) as a survival independent prognostic factor in patients with LACC.

Methods: Retrospective, multicenter study including LACC patients (FIGO 2009 stages IB2, IIA2-IVA) managed at the Gynecology Oncological Units corresponding to eight reference hospitals in Spain between 2000 and 2016. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the cut-off values of postreatment SCC-Ag levels in prediction of survival. Read More

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Absence of prognostic value of lymphovascular space invasion in patients with endometrial cancer and negative sentinel lymph nodes.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Medical Center, Affiliated with the Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objective: To evaluate if the prognostic value of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) is different in endometrial cancer patients with negative lymph nodes following sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping or lymph node dissection (LND) as staging procedure.

Material And Methods: A retrospective study of 510 patients diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma in our institution between 2007 and 2014. We excluded patients that were diagnosed with positive nodes (Stage IIIc). Read More

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Leojaponin inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation through restoration of autophagy via upregulating RAPTOR phosphorylation.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 9:114322. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry for Natural Resource, Ministry of Education; Yunnan Provincial Center for Research & Development of Natural Products; School of Chemical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Duan Teng Yimu decoction is a Chinese herbal medicine compound with proven therapeutic effects on inflammasome-related diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis. This decoction consists of three Chinese herbal medicines, including Leonurus japonicus (L. japonicus), which promotes the blood circulation and exhibits detumescence activity, traditionally curing gynecologic and inflammasome diseases. Read More

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Clinico-pathological significance of suspicious peritoneal cytology in endometrial cancer.

J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background And Objectives: Suspicious peritoneal cytology refers to the result of peritoneal cytology testing that is insufficient in either quality or quantity for a definitive diagnosis of malignancy. This study examined characteristics and survival outcomes related to suspicious peritoneal cytology in endometrial cancer.

Methods: A population-based retrospective study by querying the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program was conducted. Read More

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CD70 antibody-drug conjugate: A potential novel therapeutic agent for ovarian cancer.

Cancer Sci 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

This study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of a CD70 antibody-drug conjugate (CD70-ADC) against ovarian cancer in-vitro and in-vivo xenograft models. CD70 expression was assessed in clinical samples by immunohistochemical analysis. Western blotting and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analyses were used to determine CD70 expression in the ovarian cancer cell lines, A2780 and SKOV3, and in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines, A2780cisR and SKOV3cisR. Read More

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Mandatory HPV Vaccination; Opportunity to Save Lives, Improve Readiness and Cut Costs.

Mil Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brooke Army Medical Center, Joint Base San Antonio, TX 78234, USA.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the U.S. military and accounts for more healthcare visits than the next two most common STIs combined. Read More

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Electronic Family History Screening Tool for Detection of Inherited Cancer Risk: A Prospective Pilot Study.

Am J Med Qual 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaiser Permanente San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA Department of Genetics, Kaiser Permanente San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA National Quality, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA Kaiser Permanente Northern California Gynecologic Cancer Program, San Francisco, CA.

Family history screening to identify individuals at increased risk for hereditary cancers could be a powerful strategy to prevent cancer but is used inconsistently in primary care. The objective was to improve identification of women with at-risk family histories using a point-of-care family history screening tool administered on an electronic tablet device during well-woman appointments. A total of 288 women were invited to participate and 136 women (47. Read More

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The role of semiquantitative evaluation of lympho-vascular space invasion in early stage cervical cancer patients.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Unit of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Woman, Child and Public Health, A. Gemelli, IRCCS, University Hospital Foundation, Rome, Italy; Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Lymph vascular space involvement (LVSI) is one of the most important prognostic factors in early stage cervical cancer. Its qualitative evaluation represents a milestone for patient risk stratification and treatment choice, but a semi-quantitative analysis of LVSI may offer a more truthful risk model, as already demonstrated for endometrial cancer. The present study aims to investigate the performances of a semi-quantitative evaluation of LVSI in terms of patient risk assessment. Read More

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Elevated peritoneal soluble endoglin and GDF-15 in infertile women with severe endometriosis and pelvic adhesion.

J Reprod Immunol 2021 Jun 5;146:103343. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, 60286, Surabaya, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Chronic inflammation and pelvic adhesion play a critical role in endometriosis-related infertility. Research studies suggest that TGF-β superfamily members, such as soluble endoglin (sEng), growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) and tumor growth factor-beta (TGF-β1) contribute to the regulation of inflammation, angiogenesis and cell adhesion. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between the concentrations of these TGF-β-related members and the clinical parameters of infertile women with endometriosis. Read More

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Optimization of the clofazimine structure leads to a highly water-soluble C3-aminopyridinyl riminophenazine endowed with improved anti-Wnt and anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 30;222:113562. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Cell Physiology and Metabolism, Translational Research Centre in Oncohaematology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, 1206, Geneva, Switzerland; School of Biomedicine, Far Eastern Federal University, 690922, Vladivostok, Russia. Electronic address:

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a cancer subtype critically dependent upon excessive activation of Wnt pathway. The anti-mycobacterial drug clofazimine is an efficient inhibitor of canonical Wnt signaling in TNBC, reducing tumor cell proliferation in vitro and in animal models. These properties make clofazimine a candidate to become first targeted therapy against TNBC. Read More

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