83 results match your criteria Gram-Negative Folliculitis

Enhancement of photodynamic bactericidal activity of curcumin against Pseudomonas Aeruginosa using polymyxin B.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2022 Mar 8;37:102677. Epub 2021 Dec 8.

Engineering Research Centre of Fujian-Taiwan Special Marine Food Processing and Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Fujian, China; Institute for Medical Research, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Jalan Setia Murni U13/52, 40170 Setia Alam, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an emerging opportunistic pathogen, which can cause bacterial skin diseases such as green nail syndrome, interdigital infections and folliculitis. Curcumin-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been demonstrated as a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of skin infection though its inactivation of gram-negative bacteria such as P. Read More

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Gram-negative infections in patients with folliculitis decalvans: a subset of patients requiring alternative treatment.

Dermatol Online J 2020 Feb 15;26(2). Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Department of Dermatology, Kaiser-Permanente Northern California, Stockton, CA.

Background Folliculitis decalvans is a neutrophilic cicatricial alopecia whose etiology remains unknown. It is frequently associated with staphylococcal infections. We aimed to determine the rate of gram-negative infections in patients with folliculitis decalvans. Read More

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February 2020

Gram-negative folliculitis caused by .

JAAD Case Rep 2019 Jun 12;5(6):558-559. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Dermatology Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

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Clinical and histopathological features of Burkholderia cepacia complex dermatitis in dogs: a series of four cases.

Vet Dermatol 2018 Oct 14;29(5):457-e156. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3900 Delancey St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is an emerging cause of opportunistic infections. Deep pyoderma associated with Bcc infection has been reported previously in dogs receiving ciclosporin.

Objective: To report the clinical and histopathological features of four additional cases of Bcc dermatitis in dogs, one of which progressed to septicaemia. Read More

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October 2018

[Pseudomonas aeruginosa in dermatology].

A Morand J-J Morand

Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Nov 2;144(11):666-675. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Service de dermatologie, hôpital d'instruction des armées Sainte-Anne, 83800 Toulon, France. Electronic address:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacillus characterized by its greenish color and sweetish smell, is at the origin of potentially severe forms of dermatosis, such as ecthyma gangrenosum which marks immunosuppression or reveals blood-poisoning, especially in children. It frequently colonizes chronic wounds and serious burns, and spongiotic or acantholytic dermatosis, especially when severe or localized in skinfolds. It requires special care because of its high resistance to antibiotics and antiseptics. Read More

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November 2017

Infection in burn patients in a referral center in Colombia.

Burns 2017 May 6;43(3):642-653. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

University Hospital of Santander, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Worldwide, burns are responsible for more than 300,000 deaths annually; infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Early identification and treatment of infection improves outcome. Toward this end it's necessary to identify the institutions flora and organisms that most frequently produces infection. Read More

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Aeromonas as a Cause of Purulent Folliculitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2017 Mar;6(1):e1-e3

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts.

Aeromonas species are rarely an identified cause of folliculitis. Here, we describe the case of a patient who had purulent folliculitis of the breast caused by an Aeromonas species and review 4 other cases presented in the literature, highlighting the commonalities observed. Aeromonas infection should be considered in patients who present with purulent folliculitis, particularly those with exposure to nonchlorinated pools or baths. Read More

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Choice, Transparency, Coordination, and Quality Among Direct-to-Consumer Telemedicine Websites and Apps Treating Skin Disease.

JAMA Dermatol 2016 07;152(7):768-75

Department of Dermatology, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Importance: Evidence supports use of teleconsultation for improving patient access to dermatology. However, little is known about the quality of rapidly expanding direct-to-consumer (DTC) telemedicine websites and smartphone apps diagnosing and treating skin disease.

Objective: To assess the performance of DTC teledermatology services. Read More

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When Acne is Not Acne.

Dermatol Clin 2016 Apr;34(2):225-8

Department of Dermatology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 5 East 98 Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Acne vulgaris (AV) is considered a straightforward diagnosis made clinically without specific diagnostic testing. However, certain disorders may simulate AV, such as multiple small epidermal cysts or deep milia, multiple osteoma cutis, multiple small adnexal neoplasms, and follicular and/or infections characterized by multiple small papules and/or pustules such as gram-positive folliculitis, gram-negative folliculitis, Malassezia folliculitis, keratosis pilaris, and flat warts. This can lead to an erroneous diagnosis and improper management. Read More

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Efficacy of a Single Daily Dose of Levofloxacin in Gram-Negative Folliculitis Complicating Acne Vulgaris.

Skinmed 2015;13(6):488-90. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Sukhdev Vihar, New Delhi, India.

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December 2015

Aeromonas Associated With Swimming Pool Folliculitis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 Jan;35(1):118-9

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospitals LeuvenDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, KU LeuvenMicrobiological Laboratory, MCH Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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January 2016

Deep pyoderma caused by Burkholderia cepacia complex associated with ciclosporin administration in dogs: a case series.

Vet Dermatol 2015 Aug 12;26(4):287-e64. Epub 2015 May 12.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.

Background: Bacteria of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are ubiquitous Gram-negative bacilli associated with fatal nosocomial infections in humans; multi-antibiotic resistance makes this organism a serious threat in hospital settings.

Objective: To describe the historical, clinicopathological and treatment characteristics of Bcc-associated deep skin infections in dogs.

Animals: Six dogs with skin infections in which skin bacterial cultures resulted in pure growth of Bcc. Read More

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Citrobacter koseri folliculitis of the face.

Infection 2015 Oct 29;43(5):595-7. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Institute for Treatment and Research Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Foundation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Pace 9, 20122, Milan, Italy.

We report a case of severe Citrobacter koseri folliculitis of the face in a boy with acne. A 15-year-old boy affected by acne was admitted because of a rash located on the face. Dermatological examination revealed two large plaques, with numerous pustules, eschars and crusts, located bilaterally and symmetrically on the cheeks. Read More

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October 2015

Efficacy and safety of nadifloxacin for bacterial skin infections: results from clinical and post-marketing studies.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2014 Dec 12;4(2):233-48. Epub 2014 Sep 12.

Wockhardt Ltd., Wockhardt Towers, Bandra Kurla Complex, Mumbai, 400051, India.

Introduction: Skin and soft tissue infections involve microbial invasion of the skin and underlying soft tissues and are estimated to affect 7-10% of hospitalized patients worldwide. Nadifloxacin, a topical fluoroquinolone, has been shown to be effective against aerobic Gram-negative, Gram-positive (including MRSA and coagulase-negative staphylococci), and anaerobic bacteria. However, there is paucity of data comparing efficacy and safety of 1% nadifloxacin with other anti-bacterials for skin infections in Indian patients. Read More

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December 2014

[Whirlpool-dermatitis with "hot hands"].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2014 Jul 1;139(28-29):1459-61. Epub 2014 Jul 1.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

History And Admission Findings: A 15-year-old boy presented with painful nodules on his palms and discrete pustules on the forearm. Two days earlier he had taken a bath in a new whirlpool.

Investigations: Bacteriological examination of the pustules revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Read More

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Serratia marcescens folliculitis and concomitant acne vulgaris.

Dermatol Online J 2012 Dec 15;18(12):19. Epub 2012 Dec 15.

The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine, USA.

We present a unique case of S. marcescens folliculitis of the trunk in a 46-year-old woman with a history of facial acne vulgaris during her teen years. Her eruption occurred at the time of elective ambulatory surgery when she was treated with pre and post-operative antibiotics. Read More

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December 2012

Differential diagnosis of facial acne on black skin.

Florence Poli

Int J Dermatol 2012 Nov;51 Suppl 1:24-6, 27-9

The diagnosis of acne is usually easy, but there are some pitfalls to be avoided. 'Keloid acne of the neck' and beard folliculitis are not acnes in the usual sense: both are inflammatory and fibrous reactions of the hair follicles and frizzy hair; no retentional lesions, blackheads and microcysts--are visible. Gram negative folliculitis classically occurs in acneic male subjects who have undergone extensive treatment with general antibiotics or local antiseptics, but 'de novo' cases do exist. Read More

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November 2012

Prompt treatment of acne improves quality of life.

Michael J Tidman

Practitioner 2012 Jun;256(1752):15-7, 2

Department of Dermatology, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous (hair follicle) units. It may be exacerbated by stress, topical greasy preparations that encourage blockage of the pores, trauma and humid climates. Certain medications may induce or exacerbate acne, including some oral and implanted contraceptives, and anabolic steroids. Read More

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First step in the differential diagnosis of folliculitis: cytology.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2013 Feb 29;39(1):9-25. Epub 2012 May 29.

Başkent University, Department of Dermatology, Adana Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Folliculitis is a superficial inflammation of the hair follicles, and can be observed in individuals of any age or race. The incidence of folliculitis is unknown because most patients only consult a doctor in cases of increasing lesions. There are various infectious and non-infectious causes of folliculitis, and the most common causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus. Read More

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February 2013

Current concepts in the management of bacterial skin infections in children.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2010 Sep-Oct;76(5):476-88

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, SBMP Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, BLDE University, Bijapur, Karnataka, India.

Bacterial skin infections in children vary widely clinically, starting from mild superficial folliculitis to deep necrotizing fasciitis. The causative organisms are mostly Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus, with occasional involvement of Gram-negative organisms. Treatment of even the milder forms of bacterial skin infections is of importance because of the long-term morbidity associated with them. Read More

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December 2010

Induction of inflammatory reactions by lipopolysaccharide in hamster sebaceous glands and pilosebaceous units in vivo and in vitro.

Exp Dermatol 2010 Dec 18;19(12):1107-9. Epub 2010 Aug 18.

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria has been reported to exert inflammatory reactions in epidermis, dermis, and sebaceous glands. Here, we demonstrated that the intradermal administration of Escherichia coli-derived LPS, three times a week for 4 weeks, to hamster auricle skin did not influence sebaceous morphology or sebum accumulation in sebaceous glands but in fact induced epidermal thickness. In addition, the administration of LPS, once a day for 2 days, augmented the production of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in sebaceous glands. Read More

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December 2010

[Surgical managing of current cutaneous infections in children].

Arch Pediatr 2010 Sep 5;17(9):1373-9. Epub 2010 Aug 5.

Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital de la Conception, 147, boulevard Baille, 13385 Marseille cedex 05, France.

The cutaneous infectious pathology of the child is varied and frequent. Authors deal with surgical infections seen in current pediatrics, which often have to appeal to a plastic pediatric surgeon for their treatment. Superficial infections of skin and pilo-sebaceous follicles are common in big children. Read More

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September 2010

[Antibiotics, azelaic acid and benzoyl peroxide in topical acne therapy].

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2010 Mar;8 Suppl 1:S24-30

Bioskin GmbH, Bergmannstr. 5, 10961 Berlin und Klinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie, Charité, Berlin, Germany.

Benzoyl peroxide was introduced as a basic treatment already in acne therapy 1934. The mechanism of action is the reduction of anaerobe bacteria by strong oxidation processes. No resistancies have been ever reported. Read More

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Pathologic findings and liver elements in hibernating bats with white-nose syndrome.

Vet Pathol 2010 Mar 28;47(2):214-9. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.

Two groups of vespertilionid bats were collected from affected hibernacula. In group 1 (n, 14; pathology and microbiology), the average body weights of all species were at the lower limit of published ranges. Twelve bats (86%) had mycotic growth in the epidermis, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands. Read More

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Aeromonas hydrophila folliculitis associated with an inflatable swimming pool: mimicking Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

Pediatr Dermatol 2009 Sep-Oct;26(5):601-3

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain.

Aeromonas species are ubiquitous, facultative, anaerobic, gram-negative flagellated rods, mainly found in aquatic ecosystems worldwide. Skin and soft-tissue infections, including cellulitis and wound infections, are the second most frequent location of isolations of Aeromonas spp. in clinical samples, after the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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January 2010

PCR analysis for Wolbachia in human and canine Demodex mites.

Arch Dermatol Res 2009 Oct 4;301(10):747-52. Epub 2009 Aug 4.

Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany.

In many skin diseases such as Demodex folliculitis, rosacea- or steroid-induced rosacea Demodex mites are present in abundance and are at least partially held responsible for causing these disorders. Although it is known that these diseases respond well to tetracyclines, it is unclear if this is due to the antiinflammatory effects of the antibiotics or to an antibacterial effect on so far unknown bacteria within the Demodex mites. As in filariasis, where the response to doxycycline can be explained by the presence of Wolbachia within the filarial nematodes, this study was performed to see whether Wolbachia also use Demodex mites as their hosts. Read More

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October 2009

A possible new cause of spa bath folliculitis: Aeromonas hydrophila.

Australas J Dermatol 2008 Feb;49(1):39-41

Department of Dermatology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

A 34-year-old man presented with a pubic eruption of 4 weeks duration, affecting both himself and his partner. He had been treated unsuccessfully with intravenous and oral dicloxacillin. The eruption was a severely inflammatory folliculitis, with haemo-serous exudate and marked oedema. Read More

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February 2008

Hot tub folliculitis or hot hand-foot syndrome caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2007 Oct 19;57(4):596-600. Epub 2007 Jul 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous gram-negative rod that can cause a well-recognized, acquired skin infection from bacterial colonization of contaminated water called "hot tub folliculitis." We report an outbreak of pseudomonas skin infection associated with the use of a hot tub at a pool party in 33 children. In particular, 2 of the children were admitted to our hospital; both presented with high leukocyte counts, intermittent low grade fevers, and painful, erythematous nodules and papules on their palms and soles. Read More

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October 2007

[Acne therapy with topical benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics and azelaic acid].

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2006 Apr;4(4):293-300

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Technical University of Munich, Germany.

Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) was introduced in the treatment of acne in 1934. Despite the fact that only few randomized trials have been published, BPO is considered the standard in topical acne treatment. Anaerobic bacteria are reduced by oxidative mechanisms and the induction of resistant strains is reduced. Read More

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Update on treating uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections.

Theodore Rosen

J Drugs Dermatol 2005 Nov-Dec;4(6 Suppl):s9-14

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030-2725, USA.

Dermatologists treat a variety of uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections (uSSSIs) such as folliculitis, impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, furuncles, carbuncles, and non-perirectal abscesses. Most uSSSIs are caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. The new extended-spectrum cephalosporins (cefdinir, cefpodoxime) offer efficacy against most Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Read More

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January 2006