Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 10;60(13):4129-4140
Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO).
Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Read More