19,377 results match your criteria Glucose Intolerance


miRNA-143-3p-Sox6-Myh7 pathway is altered in obesogenic diet-induced cardiac hypertrophy.

Exp Physiol 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

New Findings: What is the central question of this study? To investigate the effect of an obesogenic diet on the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in cardiac hypertrophy in female mice. What is the main finding and its importance? Female mice fed an obesogenic diet exhibited cardiac hypertrophy associated with increased levels of miRNA-143-3p, decreased levels of Sox6 and increased expression of Myh7. Inhibition of miRNA-143-3p increased Sox6 mRNA levels and reduced Myh7 expression in cardiomyocytes, and prevented angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Read More

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Lipid-induced glucose intolerance is driven by impaired glucose kinetics and insulin metabolism in healthy individuals.

Metabolism 2022 Jun 24:155247. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Aims: Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to comprehensively examine the effects of hypertriglyceridemia on major glucose homeostatic mechanisms involved in diabetes progression.

Methods: In this randomized, cross-over, single-blinded study, two dual-labeled, 3-hour oral glucose tolerance tests were performed during 5-hour intravenous infusions of either 20 % Intralipid or saline in 12 healthy subjects (age 27. Read More

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Comparison of Reproductive Function Between Normal and Hyperandrogenemia Conditions in Female Mice With Deletion of Hepatic Androgen Receptor.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 9;13:868572. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Obesity, altered glucose homeostasis, hyperinsulinism, and reproductive dysfunction develops in female humans and mammals with hyperandrogenism. We previously reported that low dose dihydrotestosterone (DHT) administration results in metabolic and reproductive dysfunction in the absence of obesity in female mice, and conditional knock-out of the androgen receptor (Ar) in the liver (LivARKO) protects female mice from DHT-induced glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia. Since altered metabolic function will regulate reproduction, and liver plays a pivotal role in the reversible regulation of reproductive function, we sought to determine the reproductive phenotype of LivARKO mice under normal and hyperandrogenemic conditions. Read More

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Severe Hyperprolactinemia Promotes Brown Adipose Tissue Whitening and Aggravates High Fat Diet Induced Metabolic Imbalance.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 10;13:883092. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: The association of high serum prolactin and increased body weight is positive but controversial, therefore we hypothesized that additional factors such as diets and the impact of prolactin on brown adipose tissue may condition its metabolic effects.

Methods: We used LacDrd2KO females with lifelong severe hyperprolactinemia due dopamine-D2 receptor deletion from lactotropes, and slow onset of metabolic disturbances, and compared them to their respective controls ). Food intake, and binge eating was evaluated. Read More

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Coagulation factors promote brown adipose tissue dysfunction and abnormal systemic metabolism in obesity.

iScience 2022 Jul 7;25(7):104547. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Cardiovascular Biology and Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8431, Japan.

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has a role in maintaining systemic metabolic health in rodents and humans. Here, we show that metabolic stress induces BAT to produce coagulation factors, which then-together with molecules derived from the circulation-promote BAT dysfunction and systemic glucose intolerance. When mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD), the levels of tissue factor, coagulation Factor VII (FVII), activated coagulation Factor X (FXa), and protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) expression increased significantly in BAT. Read More

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Myoinositol supplementation in the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus: effects on glycaemic control and maternal-foetal outcomes.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2022 Jun 26;22(1):516. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Dipartimento di Promozione della Salute, Materno-Infantile, Medicina Interna e Specialistica di Eccellenza "G. D'Alessandro" (PROMISE), Sezione di Malattie Endocrine, del Ricambio e della Nutrizione, Università di Palermo, Piazza delle Cliniche 2, 90127, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy. It is characterized by high risk of adverse outcomes for the mother and the foetus, if not adequately controlled. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of 4000 mg of myoinositol supplementation in women with GDM on maternal-foetal outcomes, compared to controls. Read More

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Maternal One-Carbon Supplement Reduced the Risk of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Male Offspring.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 19;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Nutrition, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840, USA.

Recent studies have suggested that prevention of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) should start with maternal dietary management. We previously reported disrupted methionine cycle, associated with NAFLD, in male offspring liver due to maternal high-fat (HF) diet, thus we hypothesize that maternal one-carbon supplement may reduce the risk of NAFLD in offspring via the normalizing methionine cycle. To test it, female mice (F0) were exposed to either a maternal normal-fat diet (NF group) a maternal HF diet (HF group), or a maternal methyl donor supplement (H1S or H2S group) during gestation and lactation. Read More

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Metformin Influence on the Intestinal Microbiota and Organism of Rats with Metabolic Syndrome.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 20;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Almazov National Medical Research Centre, 197341 Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Metformin is a first-line drug for DM2 treatment and prevention, but its complex effect on impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), including its influence on myocardial resistance to ischemia-reperfusion injury, is not completely studied. We aimed to evaluate the influence of metformin on the intestinal microbiota (IM), metabolism, and functional and morphological characteristics of myocardium in rats with IGT. IGT was modelled in SPF Wistar rats with a high-fat diet and streptozotocin and nicotinamide injection. Read More

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Effect of Apple Consumption on Postprandial Blood Glucose Levels in Normal Glucose Tolerance People versus Those with Impaired Glucose Tolerance.

Foods 2022 Jun 19;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai University, Saitama 3500295, Japan.

The present study investigated the effect of apple consumption on postprandial blood glucose and insulin levels in subjects with normal versus impaired glucose tolerance. The study participants were ten healthy subjects with no glucose intolerance (normal subjects) (mean, 24.4 ± 4. Read More

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DNA hydroxymethylation reprogramming of β-oxidation genes mediates early-life arsenic-evoked hepatic lipid accumulation in adult mice.

J Hazard Mater 2022 05 18;430:128511. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Toxicology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China. Electronic address:

The metabolic disorders are becoming an epidemic disease endangering public health in countries. Environmental factors are mainly reason for the growth of metabolic disorders. Previous research suggests that DNA methylation is a potential mechanism. Read More

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Serum Ferritin in Metabolic Syndrome-Mechanisms and Clinical Applications.

Pathophysiology 2022 Jun 17;29(2):319-325. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Medicine, School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, Uttar Pradesh 201306, India.

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of conditions including central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hyperglycaemia, and hypertension with a prevalence rate of 20-25% of the world's adult population. Metabolic syndrome is often characterized by insulin resistance, which some have suggested is a major supportive connection between physical inactivity and MS. Various studies suggest that moderately elevated iron and ferritin levels are associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome and are markers of insulin resistance. Read More

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Protective Effect of Butanolic Fraction of on Fructose-Mediated Metabolic Alterations in Rats.

Metabolites 2022 May 26;12(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka 72388, Al Jouf, Saudi Arabia.

The present study was conducted with an intent to evaluate the protective effect of butanolic fraction of on fructose mediated metabolic abnormalities in rats. Rats in all groups except control group were fed on 10% fructose for 6 weeks; however, rats in the treated group also received butanolic fraction for the last 3 weeks, along with the fructose. Moreover, phytoconstituents present in butanolic fraction were analyzed using LC-MS. Read More

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The rs10830963 Polymorphism of the MTNR1B Gene: Association With Abnormal Glucose, Insulin and C-peptide Kinetics.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 6;13:868364. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Molecular Endocrinology, Institute of Endocrinology, Prague, Czechia.

Background: The gene encodes a receptor for melatonin, a hormone regulating biorhythms. Disruptions in biorhythms contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Genetic studies suggest that variability in the gene affects T2DM development. Read More

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Potential Effect of DPP-4 Inhibitors Towards Hepatic Diseases and Associated Glucose Intolerance.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2022 16;15:1845-1864. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, College of Pharmacy, Aden University, Aden, Yemen.

Dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) is an enzyme having various properties and physiological roles in lipid accumulation, resistance to anticancer agents, and immune stimulation. DPP-4 includes membrane-bound peptidases and is a kind of enzyme that cleaves alanine or proline-containing peptides such as incretins, chemokines, and appetite-suppressing hormones (neuropeptide) at their N-terminal dipeptides. DPP-4 plays a role in the final breakdown of peptides produced by other endo and exo-peptidases from nutritious proteins and their absorption in these tissues. Read More

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MicroRNA-21 promotes pancreatic β cell function through modulating glucose uptake.

Nat Commun 2022 Jun 21;13(1):3545. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 266071, Qingdao, People's Republic of China.

Pancreatic β cell dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. MiR-21 has been shown to be induced in the islets of glucose intolerant patients and type 2 diabetic mice. However, the role of miR-21 in the regulation of pancreatic β cell function remains largely elusive. Read More

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Polysaccharide from Hemerocallis citrina Borani by subcritical water: Bioactivity, purification, characterization, and anti-diabetic effects in T2DM rats.

Int J Biol Macromol 2022 Jun 17;215:169-183. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China. Electronic address:

Hemerocallis citrina Borani (daylily) has various health benefits. However, the structural characterization and hypoglycemic effects of its polysaccharide remain unclear. Here, we first report for the first time, the effects of subcritical water extraction temperature on bioactivity of Hemerocallis citrina Borani polysaccharide (HCBP). Read More

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Lactation overnutrition-induced obesity impairs effects of exogenous corticosterone on energy homeostasis and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in male rats.

Life Sci 2022 Jun 15;304:120721. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Physiological Sciences, State University of Londrina, Londrina, PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: Litter size reduction on the first days of life results in increased body weight and adiposity, with higher levels of circulating glucocorticoids. Obese rodents are more sensitive to the anabolic effects of glucocorticoids and less responsive to glucocorticoids feedback on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This study aimed to evaluate effects of the treatment with corticosterone on metabolic responses and HPA axis in adult male rats reared in small litters. Read More

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Prepubertal onset of type 2 diabetes in Shashi-Pena syndrome due to ASXL2 mutation.

Am J Med Genet A 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Paediatric Diabetes, Regional Hospital Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland.

Type 2 diabetes remains rare in the pediatric population and the majority of cases occur during puberty. A combination of genetic and environmental factors leads to the development of insulin resistance and β-cell failure. An increased prevalence is recognized in a number of rare genetic disorders such as Alström and Bardet-Biedl syndromes. Read More

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The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on the Oxidative Capacity of Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria in Mice with Impaired Glucose Tolerance.

J Diabetes Res 2022 7;2022:3780156. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Provincial University Key Laboratory of Sport and Health Science, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China.

Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six different experimental groups (8 animals/group): (1) normal group (NOR), (2) normal control group (NC), (3) normal + exercise group (NE), (4) IGT group (IGT), (5) IGT control group (IC), and (6) IGT+ exercise group (IE).The exercise group received aerobic exercise for 8 weeks. After the intervention, a blood glucose meter was used to detect the level of glucose tolerance in the mouse's abdominal cavity; a biochemical kit was used to detect serum lipid metabolism indicators, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase levels; the ELISA method was used to detect serum insulin and mouse gastrocnemius homogenate LDH, PDH, SDH, and CCO levels. Read More

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The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor tofogliflozin suppresses atherosclerosis through glucose lowering in ApoE-deficient mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes.

Pharmacol Res Perspect 2022 Aug;10(4):e00971

Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Epidemiological and animal studies have revealed that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors suppress cardiovascular events in subjects with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis in animal models of diabetes. However, it still remains unclear if the anti-atherosclerotic effect of SGLT2 inhibitors is entirely dependent on their glucose-lowering effect. Tofogliflozin, a highly specific SGLT2 inhibitor, was administrated to apolipoprotein-E-deficient (ApoEKO) with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and nondiabetic ApoEKO mice. Read More

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Resource mobilization combined with motivational interviewing to promote healthy behaviors and healthy weight in low-income families: An intervention feasibility study.

SAGE Open Med 2022 11;10:20503121221102706. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Primary Health Care, Inc., Des Moines, IA, USA.

Objectives: This non-randomized pilot trial examined the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention for low-income families with one parent with obesity, glucose intolerance and/or diabetes.

Methods: The 12-month intervention combined health coaching using motivational interviewing to promote lifestyle behavior change and community resource mobilization to assist with basic needs plus diet quality and physical activity. Outcome measures included process measures, open-ended questions, and the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity scale. Read More

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Maternal Diabetes and Postnatal High-Fat Diet on Pregnant Offspring.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2022 30;10:818621. Epub 2022 May 30.

Laboratory of Experimental Research on Gynecology and Obstetrics, Postgraduate Course on Tocogynecology, Botucatu Medical School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Brazil.

Maternal diabetes-induced fetal programming predisposes offspring to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity in adulthood. However, lifelong health and disease trajectories depend on several factors and nutrition is one of the main ones. We intend to understand the role of maternal diabetes-induced fetal programming and its association with a high-fat diet during lifelong in the female F1 generation focusing on reproductive outcomes and the possible changes in physiological systems during pregnancy as well as the repercussions on the F2 generation at birth. Read More

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Long term high fat diet induces metabolic disorders and aggravates behavioral disorders and cognitive deficits in MAPT P301L transgenic mice.

Metab Brain Dis 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Most Alzheimer disease (AD) patients present as sporadic late onset AD, with metabolic factors playing an important role in the occurrence and development of AD. Given the link between peripheral insulin resistance and tau pathology in streptozotocin-injected and db/db mouse models of diabetes, we fed high fat diet (HFD) to pR5 mice expressing P301L mutant human tau, with the aim of developing a new model with characteristics of obesity, T2DM and AD to mimic AD patients exacerbated by obesity and T2DM, an increasing trend in modern society. In our study, pR5 and C57BL/6 (WT) mice were randomly allocated to a standard diet (STD) or HFD for 30 weeks starting at 8 weeks of age. Read More

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Association Between Insulin Resistance and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Varies According to Glucose Tolerance Status: A Nationwide Prospective Cohort Study.

Diabetes Care 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Jiangsu Province Hospital on Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Objective: To investigate whether the association between insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease (CVD) differs by glucose tolerance status.

Research Design And Methods: We analyzed a nationwide sample of 111,576 adults without CVD at baseline, using data from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. Insulin resistance was estimated by sex-specific HOMA of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) quartiles for participants with normal glucose tolerance, prediabetes, or diabetes, separately, and by 1 SD of HOMA-IR for the overall study participants. Read More

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Diabetes Is the Strongest Predictor of Limited Exercise Capacity in Chronic Heart Failure and Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF).

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 26;9:883615. Epub 2022 May 26.

Medical Faculty, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo.

Background And Aim: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a known risk factor in patients with heart failure (HF), but its impact on phenotypic presentations remains unclear. This study aimed to prospectively examine the relationship between T2DM and functional exercise capacity, assessed by the 6-min walk test (6-MWT) in chronic HF.

Methods: We studied 344 chronic patients with HF (mean age 61 ± 10 years, 54% female) in whom clinical, biochemical, and anthropometric data were available and all patients underwent an echo-Doppler study and a 6-MWT on the same day. Read More

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White matter fiber-specific degeneration in older adults with metabolic syndrome.

Mol Metab 2022 Jun 9;62:101527. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Objective: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a complex of interrelated risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, including glucose intolerance, abdominal obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Studies using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have reported white matter (WM) microstructural abnormalities in MetS. However, interpretation of DTI metrics is limited primarily due to the challenges of modeling complex WM structures. Read More

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Central NPFF signalling is critical in the regulation of glucose homeostasis.

Mol Metab 2022 Jun 9;62:101525. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Neuroscience Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia; St. Vincent's Clinical Campus, School of Clinical Medicine, UNSW Medicine and Health, UNSW Sydney, NSW Australia.

Objective: Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) group peptides belong to the evolutionary conserved RF-amide peptide family. While they have been assigned a role as pain modulators, their roles in other aspects of physiology have received much less attention. NPFF peptides and their receptor NPFFR2 have strong and localized expression within the dorsal vagal complex that has emerged as the key centre for regulating glucose homeostasis. Read More

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Statins, gut microbiome, LDL-C, glucose intolerance: Personalized medicine timely?

Med (N Y) 2022 06;3(6):355-357

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism & Diabetes, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.

Statins are a mainstay in reducing cardiovascular disease risk by reducing circulating levels of plasma LDL-C. In this issue of Med, Wilmanski et al. demonstrate how the composition of the gut microbiome influences the pharmacological benefits and risks of statin therapy, an exciting additional step in personalized medicine. Read More

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Glycerate from intestinal fructose metabolism induces islet cell damage and glucose intolerance.

Cell Metab 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA; Terasaki Institute for Biomedical Innovation, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA. Electronic address:

Dietary fructose, especially in the context of a high-fat western diet, has been linked to type 2 diabetes. Although the effect of fructose on liver metabolism has been extensively studied, a significant portion of the fructose is first metabolized in the small intestine. Here, we report that dietary fat enhances intestinal fructose metabolism, which releases glycerate into the blood. Read More

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