3,325 results match your criteria Globe Rupture


Clinical experience of using the NGENUITY three-dimensional surgery system in ophthalmic surgical procedures.

Acta Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Purpose: To assess the clinical experience of using a three-dimensional (3D) system for ophthalmic surgical procedures.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed video recordings of patients who underwent 3D ophthalmic surgery, using the NGENUITY 3D visualization system, or traditional microsurgery at our hospital, from August 2017 to February 2018. Patients underwent phacoemulsification or phacoemulsification combined with vitrectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14518DOI Listing

Rapid identification of tsunamigenic earthquakes using GNSS ionospheric sounding.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 6;10(1):11054. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

The largest tsunamis are generated by seafloor uplift resulting from rupture of offshore subduction-zone megathrusts. The rupture of the shallowest part of a megathrust often produces unexpected outsize tsunami relative to their seismic magnitude. These are so called 'tsunami earthquakes', which are difficult to identify rapidly using the current tsunami warning systems, even though, they produce some of the deadliest tsunami. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68097-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7338347PMC

Epidemiology and prognostic factors of open globe injuries in a Tunisian pediatric population.

J Fr Ophtalmol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Service A, Faculté de médecine de Tunis, Institut Hedi Rais de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie. Electronic address:

Introduction: Childhood ocular trauma is a preventable cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. The purpose of our study was to determine demographic, etiologic, and clinical characteristics, visual outcome, and factors affecting visual prognosis in children with open globe injuries (OGI) and to analyze the predictive value of ocular trauma scoring systems for OGI in children.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 120 pediatric patients hospitalized for OGI from January 2010 to March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2019.10.024DOI Listing

Safety and visual outcomes following posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens bilensectomy.

Eye Vis (Lond) 2020 1;7:34. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Vissum Instituto Oftalmológico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Background: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, refractive outcomes and causes for bilensectomy (phakic intraocular lens - pIOL - explantation with cataract surgery and pseudophakic intraocular lens implantation) in patients previously implanted with posterior chamber pIOLs.

Methods: This multi-center retrospective study included 87 eyes of 55 patients who underwent bilensectomy for posterior chamber pIOL with a follow up time of 12 months. The uncorrected and best corrected distance visual acuities (UDVA, CDVA), endothelial cell density before and after bilensectomy were assessed, as well as the cause of bilensectomy and intra or postoperative complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40662-020-00200-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329535PMC

Eye Globe Rupture Caused by Dental Implant-Related Maxillary Sinusitis.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Associated Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Eye globe rupture with consequent enucleation is an extremely rare complication of orbital infection spreading from maxillary sinusitis related to dental implant surgery. We report a case of orbital abscess leading to rupture of the globe of the eye in a 60-year-old woman with acute unilateral maxillary sinusitis after dental implant surgery on the left maxillary alveolar bone. The patient had uncontrolled diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2020.05.002DOI Listing

Computed tomography estimation of the prevalence of neuro-ophthalmic injuries in head trauma patients seen in a tertiary health facility in Ghana.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 20;6(6):e04200. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

P.M.B University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Introduction: Prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is extremely high and potentially associated with severe incapacitating consequences. Literature reports that 90% of road traffic deaths and injuries including TBI occur in low and middle-income countries including Ghana. Computed Tomography (CT) scan is the imaging modality of choice for the initial assessment of the extent of head injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322250PMC

Incidence, characteristics, outcomes and confidence in managing posterior capsular rupture during cataract surgery in the UK: an ophthalmology trainees' perspective.

Eye (Lond) 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Academic Ophthalmology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Purpose: To examine the incidence, characteristics and outcomes of posterior capsular rupture (PCR) cases amongst the ophthalmology trainees and to evaluate the trainees' confidence in managing PCR.

Methods: A two-staged cross-sectional study was carried out between September 2017 and April 2018 in the North East of England, UK. All ophthalmology trainees were surveyed on their confidence level in managing PCR and the characteristics and outcomes of their PCR cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-1057-zDOI Listing

Treatment of age-related macular degeneration after cataract surgery: a study from the Swedish National Cataract and Macula Registers.

Acta Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Clinical Sciences/Ophthalmology, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden.

Purpose: To characterize pre- and perioperative factors associated with treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD) after cataract surgery.

Methods: This register-based cohort study with data from the Swedish National Cataract Register (NCR) and the Swedish Macula Register (SMR) from 2010 to 2017 compared eyes with and without preoperative AMD that had undergone cataract surgery and was subsequently treated for wet AMD to eyes not treated within the study period. All first-eye surgeries registered in the NCR from 2010 to 2017 and matching eyes found in the SMR that had undergone treatment for wet AMD ≥ 1 year after the cataract procedure were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14519DOI Listing

Predictive factors of enucleation after open globe injuries.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Rutgers University, 90 Bergen Street, Newark, NJ, 07103, USA.

Background: Trauma is the leading cause of enucleations in the USA. Current information regarding open globe injuries (OGI) is based mainly on data from individual tertiary care centers across the country which might skew the findings towards the population served by these level-one trauma centers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the demographics, characteristics, and risk factors of traumatic enucleations in a large data sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04794-6DOI Listing

Intraoperative Evaluation of Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery with and without the Use of Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Devices.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Mar;27(1):47-52. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of cataract surgery by the phacoemulsification technique with and without the use of ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVDs).

Setting: This study was conducted at a tertiary eye care center in a rural area of Central India.

Design: This was a prospective, randomized, observational study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_140_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276164PMC

Finite Element Analysis of Changes in Tensile Strain by Airsoft Gun Impact on Eye and Deformation Rate in Eyes of Various Axial Lengths.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 26;14:1445-1450. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Purpose: We have carried out three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) to determine the physical and mechanical response in several ocular injuries. We applied this FEA model to evaluate an airsoft gun impact on an eye and the deformation rate of eyes of various axial lengths at various velocities.

Methods: This study was carried out on a human eye model using an FEA program created by Nihon, ESI Group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S249483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266397PMC

A 15-year retrospective epidemiologic study of ocular trauma in the north of Portugal.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 12:1120672120934399. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to better understand the epidemiological risk factors associated with severe eye injury of patients and the secondary objective was to evaluate functional outcomes of these severe eye injuries.

Methods: A retrospective, noncomparative cohort study of severe ocular trauma, in patients assessed in an emergency room from January 2004 to December 2018 at Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto was performed and statistically analyzed.

Results: This study included a total of 751 patients (758 eyes) suffering ocular trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120934399DOI Listing

A novel intraocular lens designed for sutureless scleral fixation: surgical series.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

IRCCS Fondazione G.B. Bietti ONLUS, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: To report a retrospective series of patients implanted with a novel hydrophilic acrylic single-piece intraocular lens (IOL) designed for sutureless scleral fixation (FIL-SSF Carlevale lens, Soleko, Italy) injectable through a 2.2-mm incision.

Methods: Seventy-eight patients with minimum 6-month follow-up were divided into 6 groups: dropped nucleus, luxated IOL, trauma, aphakia, IOL exchange, and Marfan's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04789-3DOI Listing

Total or subtotal full thickness recipient bed cut to repair donor-recipient curvature disparity in cases of DM rupture with manual DALK.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 11:1120672120932833. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Clinica degli Occhi Sarnicola, Grosseto, Italy.

Purpose: To report how to manage a specific type of Descemet's membrane (DM) rupture during manual DALK with a concurrent donor-recipient disparity of curvature.

Methods: Case report of two patients that had DM rupture during manual DALK with a concurrent donor-recipient disparity of curvature; the recipient bed was flatter (post-infectious scar, case 1) and steeper (keratoglobus, case 2) than the donor. Preoperative diagnosis, clinical exam, and best spectacle correct visual acuity (BSCVA) have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120932833DOI Listing

A comparative study of post-operative endophthalmitis between immediate versus delayed management of eventful cataract extraction.

Pak J Med Sci 2020 May-Jun;36(4):689-692

Prof. Syed Fawad Rizvi, MCPS (Ophth), FCPS (Ophth). Layton Rahamatullah Benevolent Trust (LRBT), Free Base Eye Hospital, Korangi 2 ½, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis after eventful cataract surgery i.e. posterior capsular rupture, in patients managed with anterior vitrectomy and intra ocular lens implantation intraoperatively to patients managed with anterior vitrectomy and intraocular lens implantation two weeks after the posterior capsule rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.1911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260893PMC

Manual deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty after partial unintentional full-thickness trephination.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 3:1120672120932108. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Clinica degli Occhi Sarnicola, Grosseto, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe a surgical technique to perform deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) despite inadvertent full thickness trephination in one quadrant.

Methods: Case report of a 19-year-old boy who underwent DALK for visually significant post-infectious stromal scar in his left eye. An unintentional full thickness trephination occurred in the upper-nasal quadrant at the beginning of the surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120932108DOI Listing

Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery in management of posterior capsule tear following blunt trauma: Case report and review of literature.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Sep 16;19:100742. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Purpose: To describe the diagnosis and management of a patient with rupture of the posterior capsule (PC) following blunt trauma to the left eye.

Observation: 68 year-old man presented with complaints of left eye pain, blurry vision and photophobia after getting hit in the left eye with a baseball. He was found to have a posterior capsule rupture, as well as mydriasis and zonular dialysis without formation of intumescent traumatic cataract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2020.100742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251535PMC
September 2020

Endovascular Treatment of a Traumatic Axillary Artery Rupture Using the Dual Bull's-Eye Technique.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Vascular Surgery Department, Asturias University Central Hospital (HUCA), Oviedo, Spain.

Background: Our purpose is to report a case of an axillary artery rupture treated by endovascular means using the dual bull's-eye technique. An 83-year-old woman with multiple comorbidities was diagnosed with axillary artery rupture after the reduction of a shoulder dislocation.

Methods: An endovascular repair attempt was made, but, despite the use of a double approach (antegrade and retrograde), reconnecting both ends of the severed artery was deemed not possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.05.025DOI Listing

The role of sialic acids in the initiation of atherosclerosis.

Minerva Cardioangiol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, Skolkovo Innovative Center, Moscow, Russia -

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of disease-related mortality around the globe. The main characteristic of the disease is an accumulation of plaque on the arterial wall and subsequent erosion or rupture of some plaques. Atherosclerosis often leads to cardiovascular disease and such acute complications as myocardial infarction or ischaemic stroke due to thrombus formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05145-2DOI Listing

Subthreshold micropulse yellow laser for the management of refractory cystoid macular edema consequent to complicated cataract surgery.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 May 29:1120672120928008. Epub 2020 May 29.

Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Purpose: To report the safety and efficacy of subthreshold micropulse yellow laser of 577 nm for a complex case of refractory pseudophakic cystoid macular edema.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of an interventional case report of three subthreshold micropulse yellow laser interventions for refractory pseudophakic cystoid macular edema.

Patient: A 77-year-old healthy female underwent pseudoexfoliative cataract surgery complicated by posterior capsule rupture and sulcus intraocular lens implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120928008DOI Listing

'Face down' anterior vitrectomy for unexpected posterior capsule rupture as an alternative to pars plana vitrectomy.

Eye (Lond) 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Eastern Road, Brighton, BN2 5BF, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0985-yDOI Listing

Bomb Explosion: Ocular Effects of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Mechanisms.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 28;14:1145-1151. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Somalia Mogadishu - Turkey Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Banadir, Mogadishu, Somalia.

Purpose: To report the type and severity of ocular injuries sustained by the survivors of a bomb-loaded explosion that occurred in Mogadishu, Somalia on December 28, 2019.

Patients And Methods: The recorded data included age, gender, wounded eye, initial examination of ocular injuries and associated systemic injuries, initial visual acuity, anterior and posterior segment examinations. The type of injury (open vs closed globe), the injured zone of the globe, and the presence of a relative afferent pupil defect were evaluated in all cases where possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S253438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7196204PMC

[In vivo Meibomian gland imaging techniques: A review of the literature (French translation of the article)].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2020 Jun 11;43(6):484-493. Epub 2020 May 11.

Service d'ophtalmologie 3, centre hospitalier national d'ophtalmologie des Quinze-Vingts, 28, rue de Charenton, 75012 Paris, France; CHNO des Quinze-Vingts, IHU FOReSIGHT, Inserm-DGOS CIC 1423, 17, rue Moreau, 75012 Paris, France; Inserm, CNRS, institut de la vision, Sorbonne universités, 17, rue Moreau, 75012 Paris, France; Service d'ophtalmologie, hôpital Ambroise Paré, université de Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, AP-HP, 9, avenue Charles-de-Gaulle, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) encompasses a group of complex pathologies of the ocular surface. They represent one of the main etiologies of dry eye but also one of the leading causes of consultation in ophthalmology. Conventional clinical tests (dry eye symptoms, tear film rupture time, glandular expressiveness assessment, or Schirmer's test) allow only an indirect assessment of Meibomian gland function and physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2019.10.009DOI Listing

Ruptured retinal macroaneurysm complicated by a retro hyaloidal hematoma: about a case and review of the literature.

Tunis Med 2020 Jan;98(1):80-84

A 45 years old patient consulted for a sudden decrease in visual acuity in the right eye. Ophthalmological examination gave visual acuity limited to luminous perceptions with a calm anterior segment, a transparent lens and at the fundus examination a dense, massive, two-level intra-retinal and retro hyaloidal pigeon nest hemorrhage with a fusiform whitish lesion on the path of the upper temporal artery. The suspected diagnosis was a complicated ruptured retinal macroaneurysm with massive retinal and retro hyaloidal hemorrhage. Read More

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January 2020

Development of a Noninvasive, Laser-Assisted Experimental Model of Corneal Endothelial Cell Loss.

J Vis Exp 2020 Apr 24(158). Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Laboratory for Angiogenesis and Ocular Cell Transplantation, University of Lübeck; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lübeck;

Nd:YAG lasers have been used to perform noninvasive intraocular surgery, such as capsulotomy for several decades now. The incisive effect relies on the optical breakdown at the laser focus. Acoustic shock waves and cavitation bubbles are generated, causing tissue rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/60542DOI Listing

Management of a Macular Hole Following Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm Rupture.

Am J Case Rep 2020 May 9;21:e922437. Epub 2020 May 9.

Eye Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

BACKGROUND We report the successful treatment of a macular hole (MH) secondary to a retinal macroaneurysm (RAMA) rupture by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and autologous transplantation of an internal limiting membrane (ILM) during primary surgery. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old woman presented with a sudden loss of central vision in her right eye. Fundus examination revealed a large sub-ILM hemorrhage involving the macula in her right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.922437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244223PMC

Clinical observations and considerations in the treatment of Terson syndrome using 23G vitrectomy.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Wenhua Xi Road107, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: This retrospective study analyzed the results of 23G vitrectomy for the treatment of intraocular hemorrhage in patients with Terson syndrome. The pathogenesis of Terson syndrome and the timing of vitrectomy are discussed.

Methods: Eight eyes of eight patients were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01399-0DOI Listing

Characteristics and treatments of ocular blast injury in Tianjin explosion in China.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 May 6;20(1):185. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, No. 154, Anshan Road, Tianjin, 300052, China.

Background: To document characteristics and treatments of ocular blast injury from a fire and explosion.

Method: Authors retrospectively evaluated 116 patients with 166 eye injuries from six hospitals. Terminology of ocular injury referred to Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was categorized with the ocular trauma score (OTS) grading system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01448-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203803PMC
May 2020
1.075 Impact Factor

Development of the HUman Factors in intraoperative Ophthalmic Emergencies Scoring System (HUFOES) for non-technical skills in cataract surgery.

Eye (Lond) 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Eastern Road, Brighton, BN2 5BF, UK.

Background: Nontechnical skills (NTS) are fundamental for successfully managing intraoperative complications. We aimed to develop the HUman Factors in intraoperative Ophthalmic Emergencies Scoring System (HUFOES); an NTS assessment system for posterior capsule rupture (PCR) during cataract surgery.

Methods: A literature review and a focus group consisting of three cataract surgeons and one NTS researcher elicited the important NTS for the management of intraoperative cataract surgery complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0921-1DOI Listing

Lenticular fungal infection caused by Aspergillus in a patient with traumatic corneal laceration: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 May 1;20(1):173. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myunggok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, 136, Yeongshin-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To report a case of lenticular infection caused by Aspergillus, which was diagnosed 13 weeks after traumatic corneal laceration.

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old woman presented with traumatic corneal laceration including anterior lens capsule rupture and traumatic cataract after being hit with a chestnut in the right eye. There were multiple injuries due to tiny thorns of the chestnut, including the conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, and anterior lens capsule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01441-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195745PMC

Visual outcomes of high-volume compared with low-volume manual small-incision cataract surgery in Nepal.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

From the Geta Eye Hospital (Bhatta, Awasthi, N. Pant, S.R. Pant), Kailali, Nepal; and Pacific Vision Foundation, San Francisco, California, USA.

Purpose: To study if manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS) in a high-volume setting gives acceptable postoperative visual outcomes.

Settings: Geta Eye Hospital, Kailali, Nepal.

Design: Single-center retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000217DOI Listing

The Risk of Posterior Capsule Rupture during Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Previous Intravitreal Anti Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 Jan 21. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

Purpose: To investigate if previous intravitreal anti vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections are a predictor for posterior capsule rupture (PCR) during phacoemulsification cataract surgery.

Setting: National Health Service: Whipps Cross University Hospital Eye Treatment Centre. District General, London, United Kingdom DESIGN:: Single centre, retrospective, electronic medical record (EMR) database study with univariate analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000047DOI Listing
January 2020
2.722 Impact Factor

Hemicranial Cough-Induced Headache as a First Symptom of a Carotid-Cavernous Fistula-Case Report.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2020 Apr 23;56(4). Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, TrgDositejaObradovića 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.

Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are rare, and they may be caused by an aneurysm rupture. A case of a man hospitalized for high-intensity hemicranial headache with sudden cough onset as part of an upper respiratory tract infection is presented. The pain was of a pulsating character, localized on the right, behind the eye, followed by nausea and vomiting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230325PMC

Development of traumatic bilateral horseshoe-shaped macular tear without vitreous traction: Case report.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 May;68(5):936-938

Department of Ophthalmology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime, Japan.

To report our findings in a case with bilateral horseshoe-shaped macular tears. Both eyes of a 68-year-old woman developed horseshoe-shaped macular tears in the absence of vitreous traction due to prior vitrectomy in one eye and a posterior vitreous detachment in the other eye. Vitrectomy with the inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique led to a successful closure of the macular tear bilaterally, and an improvement of her visual acuity in both eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1565_19DOI Listing

Traumatic wound dehiscence after penetrating keratoplasty: Clinical features and outcome in 53 cases in Yemen.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):32-36. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Cornea Unit, Magrabi Eye Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen.

Aims: Penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) carries the risk of developing wound dehiscence, which can lead to vision loss. The main aim of this study is to analyze the management and outcome of surgery for traumatic wound dehiscence occurring in patients who had PKP.

Subjects And Methods: This retrospective study included post-PKP patients who sustained traumatic wound dehiscence at the Cornea Unit in Yemen Magrabi Eye Hospital between 2008 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_107_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158935PMC

Self-similarity of low-frequency earthquakes.

Sci Rep 2020 Apr 16;10(1):6523. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan.

Low-frequency earthquakes are a particular class of slow earthquakes that provide a unique source of information on the physical processes along a subduction zone during the preparation of large earthquakes. Despite increasing detection of these events in recent years, their source mechanisms are still poorly characterised, and the relation between their magnitude and size remains controversial. Here, we present the source characterisation of more than 10,000 low-frequency earthquakes that occurred during tremor sequences in 2012-2016 along the Nankai subduction zone in western Shikoku, Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63584-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7162910PMC

Spontaneous unilateral exophthalmos after a vaginal delivery.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Apr 13:1120672120914534. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: Spontaneous orbital exophthalmos is an extremely rare incident during a vaginal delivery. In most cases, it is associated with venous malformations and presents spontaneous resolution.

Case Description: We report a case of orbital hematoma after vaginal delivery due to a superior ophthalmic vein rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120914534DOI Listing

Case Series of Brittle Cornea Syndrome.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2020 20;2020:4381273. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Purpose: This case series demonstrate diagnostic features, treatment options, and challenges for Brittle Cornea Syndrome. . Three cases presented with bluish sclera and extremely thin cornea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4381273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109549PMC

The Ionospheric view of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake seismic source: the first 60 seconds of the rupture.

Sci Rep 2020 Mar 23;10(1):5232. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (DST), Navi Mumbai, India.

Using the specific satellite line of sight geometry and station location with respect to the source, Thomas et al. [Scientific Reports, https://doi.org/10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61749-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7090075PMC

Accuracy of swept source optical coherence tomography and ultrasound biomicroscopy for evaluation of posterior lens capsule in traumatic cataract.

Am J Ophthalmol 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Ocular Trauma and Emergency Department, Farabi eye hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in detecting posterior capsule (PC) defect in patients with traumatic cataract.

Design: Observational case-series METHODS: Sixty-seven eyes from 67 patients, without age limitation and with traumatic cataract severe enough to prevent slit lamp evaluation of the PC, included in a simple sequence without randomization. Patients underwent both 50 MHz UBM and SS-OCT evaluation of the PC by different operators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.03.030DOI Listing

Material Characterization of PCL:PLLA Electrospun Fibers Following Six Months Degradation In Vitro.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Mar 21;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Department of Materials, Faculty of Science and Engineering, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.

The annulus fibrosus-one of the two tissues comprising the intervertebral disc-is susceptible to injury and disease, leading to chronic pain and rupture. A synthetic, biodegradable material could provide a suitable scaffold that alleviates this pain and supports repair through tissue regeneration. The transfer of properties, particularly biomechanical, from scaffold to new tissue is essential and should occur at the same rate to prevent graft failure post-implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12030700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183275PMC

Involvement of orbit in maxillofacial fractures: "Evaluation of its spectrum, characteristics, and treatment in 200 patients"-Prospective study.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Background: To evaluate the orbital involvement epidemiology in facial fractures, the clinical distribution and effects of orbital involvement in these patients, the frequency and nature of treatment procedures performed for these involvements, and the immediate- and intermediate-term effects of these treatment procedures.

Methods: Two hundred patients with hard tissue maxillofacial injuries were included in this study. Clinical examination was performed in-depth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13385DOI Listing
March 2020
1.000 Impact Factor

Different approaches in the management of macular hemorrhage: Case reports and a literature review.

Medwave 2020 Mar 3;20(2):e7831. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Instituto Mexicano de Oftalmología I.A.P, Querétaro, México. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CDMX, México.

Introduction: Macular hemorrhages result in a sudden and profound loss of vision. The primary treatment modalities include observation, intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic drugs, neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet hialoidotomy, intravitreal injection of gas with or without tissue plasminogen activator, as monotherapy or combined with surgery. In this paper, we report four cases of macular hemorrhages of different causes treated with different approaches, and we review the literature in this regard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2020.02.7831DOI Listing

Phacoemulsification in posterior polar cataract: Experience from a tertiary eye care Centre in North India.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 04;68(4):589-594

Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Purpose: To determine the rate of posterior capsular rupture (PCR) and assess the postoperative outcomes in patients of posterior polar cataract (PPC) undergoing phacoemulsification using a combination of "V" or "λ" nucleofractis and viscodissection.

Methods: It was a retrospective study of 80 eyes of 64 patients undergoing surgery for PPC. All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_932_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210840PMC

Epidemiology of pediatric eye injuries requiring hospitalization in rural areas of Wenzhou and Changsha, China: a 10-year retrospective study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Mar 14;20(1):100. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Ophthalmology Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to review the demographic and characteristic distribution data of serious rural pediatric eye injuries in Wenzhou and Changsha, located in Zhejiang Province in East China and Hunan Province in Central China.

Methods: This retrospective study included hospitalized pediatric patients aged < 18 years with eye injuries at the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University and Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2008 to December 2017. Demographic data, injury types, injury causes, and initial and final visual acuity (VA) were recorded and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01363-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071590PMC

Acute Spontaneous Rupture of the Superior Ophthalmic Vein.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Adnexal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, City Road, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To describe patients presenting with sudden onset of localized hemorrhage from a presumed acute spontaneous rupture of the superior ophthalmic vein.

Methods: A retrospective review of the pattern of presentation, clinical implications and outcomes, and the characteristic imaging and histologic features.

Results: Six patients (5 men; 84%) presented at a mean age of 45 years (range 15-72), with the commonest symptoms and signs being acute onset of Valsalva-negative proptosis (mean 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001627DOI Listing

Evaluation of mechanical resistance to tearing of the anterior lens capsule after staining with different concentrations of trypan blue.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 02;46(2):293-297

Department of Ophthalmology (Sándor, Tóth, Nagy), Semmelweis University, Budapest, and Department of Polymer Engineering (Kiss, Temesi), Biomechanical Research Centre (Kiss), Department of Structural Mechanics (Bocskai), Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare the mechanical resistance to tearing of the anterior lens capsule opening after staining with different concentrations of trypan blue in ex vivo porcine eyes.

Setting: Semmelweis University, and Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary.

Design: Experimental study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000017DOI Listing
February 2020

Phacoemulsification in eyes with long anterior zonules.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 02;46(2):209-214

From the Smt. Jadhavbai Nathmal Singhvee Glaucoma Services, Sankara Nethralaya Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

Purpose: To study the safety of phacoemulsification in eyes with long anterior zonules (LAZs).

Setting: Institute.

Design: Retrospective interventional case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000046DOI Listing
February 2020

Risk of posterior capsular rupture during phacoemulsification cataract surgery in eyes with previous intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor injections.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 02;46(2):204-208

From the Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, (Nagar, Luis, Panos, Mckechnie, Patra), and University College London (Kainth), London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To investigate whether previous intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections are a predictor for posterior capsular rupture (PCR) during phacoemulsification cataract surgery.

Setting: Whipps Cross University Hospital Eye Treatment Centre, London, United Kingdom.

Design: Single-center, retrospective, electronic medical record (EMR) database study with univariate analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.09.004DOI Listing
February 2020
2.722 Impact Factor