699 results match your criteria Globalization and Health [Journal]


Economic globalization, nutrition and health: a review of quantitative evidence.

Global Health 2019 02 20;15(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Unhealthy dietary patterns have in recent decades contributed to an endemic-level burden from non-communicable disease (NCDs) in high-income countries. In low- and middle-income countries rapid changes in diets are also increasingly linked to malnutrition in all its forms as persistent undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies continue to coexist with a rising prevalence of obesity and associated NCDs. Economic globalization and trade liberalization have been identified as potentially important factors driving these trends, but the mechanisms, pathways and actual impact are subject to continued debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0456-zDOI Listing
February 2019

In search of Pan-American indigenous health and harmony.

Authors:
Julie Babyar

Global Health 2019 02 20;15(1):16. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

, Vallejo, USA.

The objective of this article is to describe the state of North, Central, South American and Caribbean (Pan-American) indigenous health. The second objective is to identify recommendations for optimal healthcare and research strategies to achieve indigenous health equity. Current health disparities continue to present between indigenous populations and general populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0454-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Review of evidence based clinical practice guidelines developed in Latin America and Caribbean during the last decade: an analysis of the methods for grading quality of evidence and topic prioritization.

Global Health 2019 02 19;15(1):14. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Clinical Research Institute and Health Technology Assessment Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.

Background: In the last decade, efforts have been made in Latin America and the Caribbean to advance in the methodological development of evidence based clinical practice guidelines, among other strategies to improve the health provision of services and indicators.

Objectives: To build an evidence map to show the regional GRADE impact in developing clinical practice guidelines and contrast the results with current needs.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in databases, developer's websites, health ministries, repositories and grey literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0455-0DOI Listing
February 2019

The health impacts of extractive industry transnational corporations: a study of Rio Tinto in Australia and Southern Africa.

Global Health 2019 02 19;15(1):13. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Operations of transnational corporations (TNCs) affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or by influencing regulation of their activities. Research on community exposures to TNC practices and policies has been limited. Our research on extractive industries examined Rio Tinto in Australia and Southern Africa to test methods for assessing the health impacts of corporates in high and middle income jurisdictions with different regulatory frameworks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0453-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of the stated policies of prominent food companies related to obesity and non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention in Thailand.

Global Health 2019 02 14;15(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

International Health Policy Program, Nonthaburi, Thailand.

Objective: To review the publicly available policies and commitments of selected food companies in Thailand relating to obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) prevention, and to assess these stated policies and commitments against global recommendations.

Methods: Nineteen food and beverage companies, including 13 packaged food, three non-alcoholic beverage, two food retailer, and one fast food company were selected, based on their market share by sector and food category. A review of publicly available policies and commitments related to four domains (product reformulation, food marketing, nutrition information and food accessibility) was carried out for each company. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0458-xDOI Listing
February 2019

What qualities are required for globally-relevant health service managers? An exploratory analysis of health systems internationally.

Global Health 2019 02 6;15(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Background: Globally, health service leaders and managers have a critical role in strengthening health systems. Competency frameworks for health service managers are usually designed to describe expectations of good performance of a health manager within a country-specific health sector context. However, a growing number of health service management roles operate beyond a country-specific level, with managers requiring a global perspective and the skills and knowledge to work effectively across a range of countries and contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0452-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364385PMC
February 2019

The effect of community-based programs on diabetes prevention in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Global Health 2019 02 1;15(1):10. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Family Medicine, and Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L8, Canada.

Background: The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can have a substantial impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based programs addressing diet, physical activity, and health behaviors have shown significant benefits on the prevention and management of T2DM, mainly in high-income countries. However, their effects on preventing T2DM in the at-risk population of LMICs have not been thoroughly evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0451-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359819PMC
February 2019

Assessment of the health status and health service perceptions of international migrants coming to Guangzhou, China, from high-, middle- and low-income countries.

Global Health 2019 01 25;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, School of Public Health, No. 74 Zhongshan Road 2, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background: China, which used to be an export country for migrants, has become a new destination for international migrants due to its rapid economic growth. However, little empirical data is available on the health status of and health service access barriers faced by these international migrants.

Methods: Foreigners who visited the Guangzhou Municipal Exit-Entry Administration Office to extend their visas were invited to participate in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0449-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346560PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Focusing on the premature death of redeployed miners in China: an analysis of cause-of-death information from non-communicable diseases.

Global Health 2019 01 22;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Reducing premature deaths is an important step towards achieving the World Health Organization's sustainable development goal. Redeployed miners are more prone to disease or premature death due to the special occupational characteristics. Our aims were to describe the deaths of redeployed miners, assess the losses due to premature death and identify their main health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0450-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341550PMC
January 2019
6 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Health sector fragmentation: three examples from Sierra Leone.

Global Health 2019 01 22;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

UNICEF Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Fragmentation across governance structures, funding, and external actor engagement in Sierra Leone continues to challenge the efficiency and coherence of health sector activities and impedes sustained health system strengthening. Three examples are discussed to highlight the extent, causes, and impacts of health sector fragmentation in Sierra Leone: the community health worker programme, national medical supply chain, and service level agreements.

Results: In these examples we discuss factors contributing to fragmentation, the impact on efficiency of systems and sustainability of interventions, and persistent barriers to achieving sustainable improvements in health system performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0447-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341573PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

How is the discourse of performance-based financing shaped at the global level? A poststructural analysis.

Global Health 2019 01 15;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Public Health Research Institute (IRSPUM), University of Montreal, 7101 avenue du Parc, 3rd floor, Montreal, Quebec, H3N 1X9, Canada.

Background: Performance-based financing (PBF) in low- and middle-income settings has diffused at an unusually rapid pace. While many studies have looked at PBF implementation processes and effects, there is an empirical research gap investigating the ways PBF has diffused. Discursive processes are paramount elements of policy diffusion because they explain the origins of essential elements of the political debate on PBF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0443-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332594PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Applying global standards to short-term global health clinical experiences: the case of Project Salud y Paz.

Authors:
Paul H Caldron

Global Health 2019 01 9;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine, Glendale, AZ, USA.

This case study was extracted from an administrative report generated for Project Salud y Paz (SYP), a non-governmental organization (NGO) that supports short term global health clinical experiences (STGHCE) in Guatemala. As a basis to generate criticisms and offer recommendations, the analysis used the shared themes of two sets of standards recently published by Globalization and Health (GH) and the American College of Physicians (ACP). These standards respectively address the ethical responsibilities of organizations and of physicians in the conduct of STGHCE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0445-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327382PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Improving early detection of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: why mammography may not be the way forward.

Global Health 2019 01 8;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Public Health & Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, 2052, Australia.

Background And Methods: The prevention and control of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is an increasingly critical public health issue. Breast cancer is the most frequent female cancer in SSA and mortality rates from this disease are the highest globally. Breast cancer has traditionally been considered a disease of high-income countries, and programs for early detection have been developed and implemented in these settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0446-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325810PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Health and health needs of migrants in detention in Greece: shedding light to an unknown reality.

Global Health 2019 01 8;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

PICUM - Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Population movements have been increasing over the past years in Europe due to socioeconomic factors, global turbulence and conflicts, especially in the area of Middle East. The presence of migrant populations in Europe challenges health systems due to increased requirements for health care provision. However, to date there is limited published data on the burden of disease among this population (in Greece and elsewhere). Read More

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https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0448-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325682PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Doctors on the move: a qualitative study on the driving factors in a group of Egyptian physicians migrating to Germany.

Global Health 2019 01 7;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Dieter Scheffner Center for Medical Education and Educational Research, Dean's Office of Student Affairs, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Free and Humboldt University Berlin, Campus Charité Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Migration of physicians has become a global phenomenon with significant implications for the healthcare delivery systems worldwide. The motivations and factors driving physician's migration are complex and continuously evolving. Purpose of this study is to explore the driving forces in a group of Egyptian physicians and final-years medical students preparing to migrate to Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0434-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322233PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Trade, investment and public health: compiling the evidence, assembling the arguments.

Authors:
Ronald Labonté

Global Health 2019 01 3;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Trade has long been an axiomatic characteristic of globalization, although international rules governing trade are of more recent vintage. Notably in the post-World War II period, an ever increasing number of countries began negotiating treaties to reduce, first, tariff barriers and, later, non-tariff barriers (government measures of any sort) that could impede the cross-border flow of goods. The rationale, in part, was that countries that became more entwined economically would be less likely to go to war with each other. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0425-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318870PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

The health of workers in the global gig economy.

Global Health 2018 12 18;14(1):124. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Royal Bank of Canada, Toronto, Canada.

Background: The "gig" economy connects consumers with contractors (or workers) through online platform businesses to perform tasks (or "gigs"). This innovation in technology provides businesses and consumers access to low-cost, on-demand labour, but gig workers' experiences are more complex. They have access to very flexible, potentially autonomous work, but also deal with challenges caused by the nature of the work, its precariousness, and their relationships with the platform businesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0444-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299501PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Stronger together: midwifery twinning between Tanzania and Canada.

Global Health 2018 12 13;14(1):123. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Fondation Sanofi Espoir, 262, Boulevard Saint Germain, 75007, PARIS, France.

This article describes a twinning relationship between the Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM) and the Tanzania Midwives Association (TAMA). It argues that the twinning relationship strengthened both associations. The article briefly reviews the existing literature on professional associations and association strengthening to demonstrate that professional associations are a vital tool for improving the performance of healthcare workers and increasing their capacity to contribute to national and international policy-making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0442-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293498PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Exploring motivations behind pollution-mask use in a sample of young adults in urban China.

Global Health 2018 12 4;14(1):122. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Market Analysis, Rua Felix Kleis, 23, Florianópolis, SC, 88035330, Brazil.

Background: Wearing a pollution mask is an effective, practical, and economic way to prevent the inhalation of dangerous particulate matter (PM). However, it is not uncommon to observe negligence in adopting such behaviour, and this especially among young segments of the population. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) as conceptual framework, this study explores the role of socio-cognitive factors that affect the decision of wearing a pollution mask in the context of young educated people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0441-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280386PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Health service utilization, unmet healthcare needs, and the potential of telemedicine services among Korean expatriates.

Global Health 2018 11 29;14(1):120. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: With the significant growth of migration and expatriation, facilitated by increased global mobility, the number of Koreans living abroad as of 2016 is approximately 7.4 million (15% of the Korean population). Healthcare utilization or health problems, especially among expatriates in developing countries, have not been well researched despite the various health risks these individuals are exposed to. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0433-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267839PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Global supermarkets' corporate social responsibility commitments to public health: a content analysis.

Global Health 2018 11 29;14(1):121. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Kent Street, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia.

Background: Supermarkets have unprecedented political and economic power in the food system and an inherent responsibility to demonstrate good corporate citizenship via corporate social responsibility (CSR). The aim of this study was to investigate the world's largest and most powerful supermarkets' publically available CSR commitments to determine their potential impact on public health.

Methods: The world's largest 100 retailers were identified using the Global Powers of Retailing report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0440-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267902PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The financial sustainability of the World Health Organization and the political economy of global health governance: a review of funding proposals.

Global Health 2018 11 29;14(1):119. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Faculty of Medicine, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Rabinovitch House, 3640 de la Montagne, Montreal, QC, H3G 2A8, Canada.

The World Health Organization (WHO) continues to experience immense financial stress. The precarious financial situation of the WHO has given rise to extensive dialogue and debate. This dialogue has generated diverse technical proposals to remedy the financial woes of the WHO and is intimately tied to existential questions about the future of the WHO in global health governance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0436-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6264055PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Sex differences and risk factors for diabetes mellitus - an international study from 193 countries.

Global Health 2018 11 28;14(1):118. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Increases in overweight and obesity among youths have resulted in the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at earlier ages. The impact of lifestyle-related factors has been implicated; however, its relation to morbidity and mortality and sex differences remain unclear. We aimed to document the changes in risk factors and sex differences associated with T2DM-related morbidity and mortality during 1995-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0437-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263066PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

The role of the hotel industry in the response to emerging epidemics: a case study of SARS in 2003 and H1N1 swine flu in 2009 in Hong Kong.

Global Health 2018 11 27;14(1):117. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Trauma & Emergency Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Background: The global travel and tourism industry has been rapidly expanding in the past decades. The traditional focus on border screening, and by airline and cruise industries may be inadequate due to the incubation period of an infectious disease. This case study highlights the potential role of the hotel industry in epidemic preparedness and response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0438-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260697PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Ukrainian health care system and its chances for successful transition from Soviet legacies.

Global Health 2018 11 23;14(1):116. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Academy of Labour, Social Relations and Tourism, 3A, Kiltseva Doroga, Kyiv, 03187, Ukraine.

Background: Ukraine, one of the largest states formed on the rubble of the Soviet Union, is widely perceived as a country that has lost its opportunities. Being devastated by corruption, it shows incapable to modernize and enter the economic path of sustainable growth. Similarly in the health care system no deeper reform efforts have been taken in the entire post-soviet period, leaving the system in bonds of ineffective solutions taken out of the Soviet era. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0439-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260664PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Corporate political activity of major food companies in Thailand: an assessment and policy recommendations.

Global Health 2018 11 22;14(1):115. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

International Health Policy Program (IHPP), Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon Road, Nonthaburi, 11000, Thailand.

Background: The food industry can influence individual and population level food consumption behaviours, shape public preferences and interfere with government policy on obesity prevention and NCDs. This paper identifies the Corporate Political Activity (CPA) of major food companies in Thailand which relate to obesity and NCDs.

Methods: Using the INFORMAS framework to classify CPA, we reviewed publicly available information by 12 food companies between August 2011 and July 2016 in order to identify, analyse and classify the CPA contents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0432-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249932PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Toward a global health approach: lessons from the HIV and Ebola epidemics.

Global Health 2018 11 22;14(1):114. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases & Inserm, UMR S 1136 and UPMC, University of Paris 6, St Antoine Hospital, APHP, IMEA Fondation Internationale Léon Mba, Paris, France.

Background: The imposing burden of non-communicable diseases, emerging infectious diseases, climate change, environmental consequences, migrations, urbanization, and other challenges, faced in a context that strives to make universal health coverage (UHC) a reality, compels global health professionals to ask: how do we construct a "global" roadmap that is both realistic and effective? To move forward and begin to answer this question, we draw on lessons and experiences gained during the "global" health crises triggered by the HIV and Ebola pandemics.

Main Text: Improving the early response and committing to the long haul; developing inter-disciplinary and inter-sectoral responses; designing comprehensive and versatile interventions; and, most importantly, to work closely and effectively with civil society and communities are some of the critical elements that were identified. The health sector has changed dramatically in recent years; new tools and innovative technologies are transforming the culture and practice of public health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0435-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249820PMC
November 2018
7 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Health care expenditure and health outcome nexus: new evidence from the SAARC-ASEAN region.

Global Health 2018 11 22;14(1):113. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The total health expenditure (as a percentage of GDP) and health outcomes in the region of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Association for South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) are lower than that of the OECD region and the world. This study investigated the relationship between different types of healthcare expenditures (public, private and total) and three main health status outcomes - life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate - in the region.

Methodology: Using the World Bank data set for 15 countries over a 20-year period (1995-2014), a panel data analysis was conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models were estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditure on health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0430-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249744PMC
November 2018
1 Read

"We think globally": the rise of Paraguay's Tabacalera del Este as a threat to global tobacco control.

Global Health 2018 11 19;14(1):110. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Center of Studies of Integration and Development, Rua Jardim Botanico 635/906, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22470-050, Brazil.

Background: Leading transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) began to expand their operations in Latin America in the 1960s. This included legally exporting their cigarettes to Paraguay during the 1960s which, in turn, were illegally re-exported to Argentina and Brazil. By the 1990s, competition between BAT and PMI for this lucrative illicit market, focusing on low-priced brands, prompted manufacturing in Paraguay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0412-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245802PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Evaluation and learning in complex, rapidly changing health systems: China's management of health sector reform.

Global Health 2018 11 20;14(1):112. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Institute of Development Studies, Library Road, Brighton, BN1 9RE, UK.

Healthcare systems are increasingly recognised as complex, in which a range of non-linear and emergent behaviours occur. China's healthcare system is no exception. The hugeness of China, and the variation in conditions in different jurisdictions present very substantial challenges to reformers, and militate against adopting one-size-fits-all policy solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0429-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245843PMC
November 2018
1 Read

From transit hub to major supplier of illicit cigarettes to Argentina and Brazil: the changing role of domestic production and transnational tobacco companies in Paraguay between 1960 and 2003.

Global Health 2018 11 19;14(1):111. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Blusson Hall, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.

Background: Paraguay has reportedly been a major transit hub for illicit tobacco products since the 1960s, initially to supply markets in Argentina and Brazil and, more recently, other regional markets and beyond. However, to date there has been no systematic analysis, notably independent of the tobacco industry, of this trade including the roles of domestic production and transnational tobacco companies (TTCs). This article fills that gap by detailing the history of Paraguay's illicit cigarette trade to Brazil and Argentina of TTC products and Paraguayan production between 1960 and 2003. Read More

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https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0413-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245621PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Chile's role in global health diplomacy: a narrative literature review.

Global Health 2018 11 16;14(1):108. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Globalization and Health Equity Research Unit, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, ON, K1G 5Z3, Canada.

Background: Global health diplomacy (GHD) has become an important field of investigation due to health concerns increasingly entering the foreign policy domain. Much of the existing academic writing focuses on North-South cooperation in global health, and emphasizes the role of security and economic interests by Northern countries as drivers of GHD. Chile presents a favourable environment for an expanded involvement in future GHD activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0428-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240220PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Organizational capacities of national pharmacovigilance centres in Africa: assessment of resource elements associated with successful and unsuccessful pharmacovigilance experiences.

Global Health 2018 11 16;14(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

The African Collaborating Centre for Pharmacovigilance, 1 Vigilance Place, Mango Tree Avenue, Asylum Down, Accra, Ghana.

Background: National pharmacovigilance centres (national centres) are gradually gaining visibility as part of the healthcare delivery system in Africa. As does happen in high-income countries, it is assumed that national centres can play a central coordinating role in their national pharmacovigilance (PV) systems. However, there are no studies that have investigated whether national centres in Africa have sufficient organizational capacity to deliver on this mandate and previous studies have reported challenges such as lack of funding, political will and adequate human resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0431-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240224PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Universal health coverage necessitates a system approach: an analysis of Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative in Ghana.

Global Health 2018 11 9;14(1):107. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The 9th Global conference on health promotion (Shanghai 2016) reaffirmed the role of primary health care (PHC) in achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Gaining much international recognition, the community-based health planning and services (CHPS) initiative is considered one of the pragmatic strategy in delivering on the promise of universal health coverage (UHC) through the PHC strategy, in Ghana. Yet, certain key factors threaten its successes - renewing the relevance of this study to present the barriers to and facilitators of the initiative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0426-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230285PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Research trends on human trafficking: a bibliometric analysis using Scopus database.

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

Global Health 2018 11 8;14(1):106. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Human trafficking is a crime against humanity. It is also a serious threat to global health and security. Globalization has made human trafficking an easier task for the criminal organizations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0427-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225706PMC
November 2018
6 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Global output of research on the health of international migrant workers from 2000 to 2017.

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

Global Health 2018 11 8;14(1):105. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Approximately 150 million international migrant workers work under conditions that increase their risk of illness and injuries. The current study aimed to assess and analyze the global output of research on the health of international migrant workers to promote national and international policies that could help improve the health of international migrant workers.

Methods: A bibliometric methodology was implemented using Scopus database after retrieving documents relevant to the health of migrant workers during the study period from 2000 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0419-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225662PMC
November 2018
10 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Using equitable impact sensitive tool (EQUIST) to promote implementation of evidence informed policymaking to improve maternal and child health outcomes: a focus on six West African Countries.

Global Health 2018 11 6;14(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Organisation Ouest Africaine de la Santé, 175, Avenue Ouezzin Coulibaly, Bobo Dioulasso 01, 01 BP 153, Burkina Faso.

Background: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) designed EQUitable Impact Sensitive Tool (EQUIST) to enable global health community address the issue of equity in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) and minimize health disparities between the most marginalized population and the better-off. The purpose of this study was to use EQUIST to provide reliable evidence, based on demographic health surveys (DHS) on cost-effectiveness and equitable impact of interventions that can be implemented to improve MNCH outcomes in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria and Senegal.

Methods: Using the latest available DHS data sets, we conducted EQUIST Situation Analysis of maternal and child health outcomes in the six countries by sub-national categorization, wealth and by residence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0422-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219200PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Best practices in scaling digital health in low and middle income countries.

Global Health 2018 11 3;14(1):103. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Novartis Foundation, Basel, Switzerland.

Healthcare challenges in low and middle income countries (LMICs) have been the focus of many digital initiatives that have aimed to improve both access to healthcare and the quality of healthcare delivery. Moving beyond the initial phase of piloting and experimentation, these initiatives are now more clearly focused on the need for effective scaling and integration to provide sustainable benefit to healthcare systems.Based on real-life case studies of scaling digital health in LMICs, five key focus areas have been identified as being critical for success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0424-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215624PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Expanding global access to essential medicines: investment priorities for sustainably strengthening medical product regulatory systems.

Global Health 2018 11 1;14(1):102. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Promoting the Quality of Medicines program, United States Pharmacopeia, Rockville, USA.

Access to quality-assured medical products improves health and save lives. However, one third of the world's population lacks timely access to quality-assured medicines while estimates indicate that at least 10% of medicine in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are substandard or falsified (SF), costing approximately US$ 31 billion annually. National regulatory authorities are the key government institutions that promote access to quality-assured medicines and combat SF medical products but despite progress, regulatory capacity in LMICs is still insufficient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0421-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211488PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Moderating the impact of patent linkage on access to medicines: lessons from variations in South Korea, Australia, Canada, and the United States.

Global Health 2018 10 24;14(1):101. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The inclusion of patent linkage mechanisms in bilateral and plurilateral trade and investment agreements has emerged as a key element in the United States' TRIPS-Plus intellectual property (IP) negotiating agenda. However, the provisions establishing patent linkage mechanisms in several agreements appear to reflect a degree of ambiguity, potentially enabling some flexibility in their implementation. In this study, we reviewed the features of the prototypic patent linkage mechanism established by the Hatch-Waxman Act in the United States, and compared these with the implementation of systems in three countries whose agreements with the US include patent linkage obligations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0423-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201583PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

A conceptual framework for training of trainers (ToT) interventions in global health.

Global Health 2018 10 22;14(1):100. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), London, UK.

Background: Global health partnerships (GHP) between high or low-middle income countries are considered one of the best approaches to health systems strengthening. They typically involve highly skilled healthcare workers who volunteer to deliver capacity strengthening projects overseas, often in the form of peer-to-peer support through training and mentoring. Given GHP's strong focus on education and training, a common assumption is that training of trainers (ToT) is a strong predictor of sustainability because of its potential for up-skilling the workforce rapidly, cheaply and exponentially by developing local educators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0420-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198384PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

The bumpy trajectory of performance-based financing for healthcare in Sierra Leone: agency, structure and frames shaping the policy process.

Global Health 2018 10 20;14(1):99. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

ReBUILD & Institute for Global Health and Development (IGHD), Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: As performance-based financing (PBF) has been increasingly implemented in low-income countries, a growing literature has developed, assessing its effectiveness and, more recently, focussing on the political dynamics of PBF introduction and implementation. This study contributes to the latter body of literature by exploring decision-making processes on PBF in Sierra Leone during the 2010-2017 period. Sierra Leone presents an interesting case because of the 'start-stop-start' trajectory of PBF. Read More

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Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0417-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195985PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Donor financing of human resources for health, 1990-2016: an examination of trends, sources of funds, and recipients.

Global Health 2018 10 17;14(1):98. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 Fifth Ave., Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA.

Background: Skilled health professionals are a critical component of the effective delivery of lifesaving health interventions. The inadequate number of skilled health professionals in many low- and middle-income countries has been identified as a constraint to the achievement of improvements in health outcomes. In response, more international development agencies have provided funds toward broader health system initiatives and health workforce activities in particular. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0416-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192106PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Results-based aid with lasting effects: sustainability in the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative.

Global Health 2018 10 16;14(1):97. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA.

Background: The Salud Mesoamérica Initiative is a public-private partnership aimed at reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality for the poorest populations in Central America and the southernmost state of Mexico. Currently at the midpoint of implementation and with external funding expected to phase out by 2020, SMI's sustainability warrants evaluation. In this study, we examine if the major SMI components fit into the Dynamic Sustainability Framework to predict whether SMI benefits could be sustainable beyond the external funding and to identify threats to sustainability. Read More

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Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0418-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192274PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Using concept mapping to develop a human rights based indicator framework to assess country efforts to strengthen rehabilitation provision and policy: the Rehabilitation System Diagnosis and Dialogue framework (RESYST).

Global Health 2018 10 1;14(1):96. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, Center for Rehabilitation in Global Health Systems, University of Lucerne, Frohburgstrasse 3, P.O. Box 4466, CH-6002, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Background: Rehabilitation is crucial for the realization of the right to health and a proper concern of global health. Yet, reliable information to guide rehabilitation service planning is unavailable in many countries in part due to the lack of appropriate indicators. To ensure universal health coverage and meet the central imperative of "leaving no one behind" countries must be able to assess key aspects of rehabilitation policy and provision and monitor how they have discharged their human rights responsibilities towards those most disadvantaged, including people with disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0410-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167891PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Correction to: China's health assistance to Africa: opportunism or altruism?

Global Health 2018 10 1;14(1):95. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Please note that following publication of the original article [1], one of the authors has flagged that the abbreviations section lists "BRIC" as "Britain, Russia, India and China". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0411-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167892PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Sharing public health data and information across borders: lessons from Southeast Asia.

Global Health 2018 09 29;14(1):94. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: The importance of data and information sharing for the prevention and control of infectious diseases has long been recognised. In recent years, public health emergencies such as avian influenza, drug-resistant malaria, and Ebola have brought renewed attention to the need for effective communication channels between health authorities, particularly in regional contexts where neighbouring countries share common health threats. However, little empirical research has been conducted to date to explore the range of factors that may affect the transfer, exchange, and use of public health data and expertise across borders, especially in developing contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0415-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162912PMC
September 2018
16 Reads

Overweight, obesity, and food consumption in Galapagos, Ecuador: a window on the world.

Global Health 2018 09 12;14(1):93. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Institute for Research in Health and Nutrition, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Diego de Robles y Pampite s/n, Cumbayá, Quito, Ecuador.

Background: In order to understand why rates of overweight and obesity are so high in the Ecuadorian province of Galapagos, this study analyzes changes in household food expenditures and perceptions and practices related to food consumption patterns. Galapagos is understood as an unusual but not unique case because conditions there graphically illustrate trends observed in communities and countries worldwide. A mixed methods approach was employed: a quantitative component was based on expenditures for foods classified according to the NOVA system, and a qualitative component utilized focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and structured observations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0409-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134580PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Diffusion, convergence and influence of pharmaceutical innovations: a comparative study of Chinese and U.S. patents.

Global Health 2018 08 30;14(1):92. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Dalian University of Technology, No. 2 Linggong Road, Ganjingzi District, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Despite the significant impact of pharmaceutical innovations on healthcare, our understanding is still limited because previous studies explored only a few cases and largely came from a linear perspective. This study presents a detailed case of the Chinese and U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0408-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6118001PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Are health systems interventions gender blind? examining health system reconstruction in conflict affected states.

Global Health 2018 08 30;14(1):90. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Social Science and International Health, ReBUILD and RinGs Consortium, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Global health policy prioritizes improving the health of women and girls, as evident in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), multiple women's health initiatives, and the billions of dollars spent by international donors and national governments to improve health service delivery in low-income countries. Countries recovering from fragility and conflict often engage in wide-ranging institutional reforms, including within the health system, to address inequities. Research and policy do not sufficiently explore how health system interventions contribute to the broader goal of gender equity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0401-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116483PMC
August 2018
11 Reads