875 results match your criteria Glenohumeral Arthritis


Unconstrained Shoulder Arthroplasty for Treatment of Proximal Humeral Nonunions: Surgical Technique.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2014 Jun 10;3(2):e7. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail address for R.H. Cofield:

Introduction: Anatomic unconstrained arthroplasty for the treatment of proximal humeral nonunion is challenging and may require management of rotator cuff tearing or scarring, glenohumeral instability, shoulder capsule fibrosis, poor bone quality and bone defects, and glenohumeral arthritis and may require internal fixation and bone-grafting for stimulation of healing.

Step 1 Preoperative Planning: Obtain anteroposterior, axillary, and lateral scapular Y views of the shoulder to assess the fracture for the size and position of the humeral head, humeral shaft, and greater and lesser tuberosities as well as for fracture nonunion.

Step 2 Positioning And Surgical Approach: In cases with substantial contracture or difficult exposure, use an anteromedial approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.ST.M.00001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407936PMC

Accuracy of 3-Dimensional Planning, Implant Templating, and Patient-Specific Instrumentation in Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Mar;101(5):446-457

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Use of 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) preoperative planning and patient-specific instrumentation has been demonstrated to improve the accuracy of glenoid implant placement in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of glenoid implant placement in primary TSA among different types of instrumentation used with the 3D CT preoperative planning.

Methods: One hundred and seventy-three patients with end-stage glenohumeral arthritis were enrolled in 3 prospective studies evaluating patient-specific instrumentation and 3D preoperative planning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.17.01614DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Three-dimensional characterization of the anteverted glenoid (type D) in primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Roth/McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Center, St Joseph's Health Care, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Background: The Walch classification describes glenoid morphology in primary arthritis. As knowledge grows, several modifications to the classification have been proposed. The type D, a recent modification, was defined as an anteverted glenoid with or without anterior subluxation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.09.015DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

A Tensionable Method for Subscapularis Repair after Shoulder Arthroplasty.

JSES Open Access 2018 Dec 18;2(4):205-210. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, La Tour Hospital, Meyrin, Switzerland.

Background: This study compared the biomechanical properties of a new lesser tuberosity (LTO) repair with a tensionable construct with suture tape and preplaced racking hitches vs. a traditional LTO repair using 4 high-strength sutures. The hypothesis was that there would be no difference between the 2 constructs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jses.2018.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334854PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Clinical Characteristics and Long-term Outcomes After Septic Arthritis of the Native Glenohumeral Joint: A 20-Year Retrospective Review.

Orthopedics 2019 Jan 3;42(1):e118-e123. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Septic arthritis of the native glenohumeral joint is rare, and there is little information available regarding the natural progression and long-term joint outcomes of this pathology. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 97 patients with culture-positive glenohumeral septic arthritis between 1995 and 2015 at their institution with a mean clinical follow-up of 83.1 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181227-01DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Results of total shoulder arthroplasty in patients aged 55 years or younger versus those older than 55 years: an analysis of 1135 patients with over 2 years of follow-up.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: The results of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in younger patients have not been clearly elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare early outcomes after TSA in patients aged 55 years or younger versus patients older than 55 years.

Methods: A total of 1135 patients who were treated with TSA for glenohumeral arthritis and had a mean follow-up period of over 4 years were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.09.029DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The influence of mental health on Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and traditional outcome instruments in patients with symptomatic glenohumeral arthritis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Feb 12;28(2):e40-e48. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.

Background: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) assessment includes computerized adaptive tests (CATs) that assess function, pain, depression, and anxiety. The influence of mental health on patients' self-reported pain and function has not been explored using PROMIS in patients with symptomatic glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 284 shoulders in 276 patients presenting with isolated glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.07.033DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Revision of Failed Resurfacing Hemiarthroplasty: Midterm Results, Survival, and Group Comparison.

Orthopedics 2019 Jan 13;42(1):e111-e117. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Shoulder arthroplasty is a valuable option for treating glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Revision surgery for a failed shoulder arthroplasty is associated with difficult procedures, complications, and worse outcomes. Compared with a total joint arthroplasty, a resurfacing prosthesis has the supposed advantages of limited perioperative complications and little bone loss during revision. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/01477447-2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181206-02DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

The position of sling immobilization influences the outcomes of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty: a randomized, single-blind, prospective study.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec;27(12):2120-2128

Orthopedic Institute, Sioux Falls, SD, USA.

Background: To date, no studies have been published that have assessed the optimal position of sling immobilization after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Methods: Thirty-six patients undergoing anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis were randomized to a neutral rotation sling versus an internal rotation sling. The primary outcomes assessed included the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score; Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder score; Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score; visual analog scale (VAS) scores for pain and satisfaction; compliance ratings; and radiographic and range-of-motion measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.08.030DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Rotator Cuff Repair: Single Row Repair Versus Double Row Repair and Superior Capsular Reconstruction.

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 2018 Dec;26(4):171-175

The San Antonio Orthopaedic Group, Burkhart Research Institute for Orthopaedics (BRIO), San Antonio, TX.

The surgical management of rotator cuff (RC) tears has progressed considerably in recent decades. Arthroscopic procedures now represent the mainstay of contemporary treatment approaches. The success of repair is predicated upon the achievement of a secure, durable repair that promotes tendon-to-bone healing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSA.0000000000000228DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Superior Capsular Reconstruction Reverses Profound Pseudoparalysis in Patients With Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears and Minimal or No Glenohumeral Arthritis.

Arthroscopy 2019 Jan 30;35(1):22-28. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

San Antonio Orthopaedic Group and Burkhart Research Institute for Orthopaedics, San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the rate and magnitude of return of active forward elevation (aFE) of the arm for patients with severe preoperative elevation dysfunction (less than 45° of aFE and termed profound pseudoparalysis) and massive, irreparable (or partially reparable) rotator cuff tears without arthritis treated with arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (SCR).

Methods: The period for this retrospective study was October 2014 to October 2016. Inclusion criteria included patients treated arthroscopically for an incompletely reparable massive rotator cuff tear (2 tendons fully torn or tear dimension > 5 cm), preoperative aFE of less than 45° (profound pseudoparalysis) with full passive elevation, an intact or reparable subscapularis tendon, radiographic classification Hamada 0-3, and 12-month clinical follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.07.023DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Transfer of latissimus dorsi muscle for irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff defects in older patients : Medium term results].

Unfallchirurg 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Klinik für Unfall‑, Schulter- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Sportmedizin und Sporttraumatologie, Sana Krankenhaus Rummelsberg, Rummelsberg 71, 90592, Schwarzenbruck, Deutschland.

Objective: Is transfer of the latissimus dorsi muscle (LDT) a good option in older patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears?

Material And Method: In 2010-2016 a total of 25 patients without glenohumeral arthritis and non-reconstructable supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons, a recentered glenohumeral joint with remaining function in anteversion and irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff defects were treated using LDT at the Rummelsberg Hospital. Of the patients 9 (36%) had in the past 1 or more attempts at reconstruction of the rotator cuff. All other patients (64%) underwent a primary reconstruction using LDT. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00113-018-0557-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-018-0557-9DOI Listing
October 2018
23 Reads

Short-term Clinical Outcomes of Hemiarthroplasty With Concentric Glenoid Reaming: The Ream and Run Procedure.

Orthopedics 2018 Nov 29;41(6):e854-e860. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of humeral hemiarthroplasty and concentric glenoid reaming ("ream and run" procedure) and to compare the outcomes with those of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) for glenohumeral arthritis. Patients with glenohumeral arthritis who underwent the ream and run procedure with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was revision to TSA. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/01477447-2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181023-01DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Rotator cuff tear with early osteoarthritis: how does it affect clinical outcome after large to massive rotator cuff repair?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Feb 15;28(2):237-243. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Shoulder & Elbow Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Rotator cuff tear and glenohumeral osteoarthritis are 2 common diseases, but there are few studies about their clinical correlation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of mild glenohumeral osteoarthritis on the clinical outcome after large to massive rotator cuff repair.

Methods: This study included 146 patients who underwent rotator cuff repair for large to massive tears and were available for follow-up at a minimum of 2 years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10582746183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.07.022DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Arthroscopic Management of Glenohumeral Arthritis: A Joint Preservation Approach.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Nov;26(21):745-752

From the Steadman Philippon Research Institiute (Dr. Millett and Dr. Fritz), and the Steadman Clinic, Steadman Philippon Research Institute (Dr. Frangiamore and Dr. Mannava), Vail, CO.

Treatment of young, active patients with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis (GHOA) is challenging because shoulder arthroplasty may not be ideal in this population. In the past two decades, joint-preserving arthroscopic management options for GHOA, including débridement, have been used to treat different pathologies related to GHOA to reduce pain, to improve function, and to delay or even avoid arthroplasty. Key aspects of comprehensively addressing GHOA arthroscopically include chondroplasty, synovectomy, loose body removal, humeral osteoplasty with excision of the goat's beard osteophyte, capsular release, subacromial and subcoracoid decompression, axillary nerve decompression, and biceps tenodesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00214DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Comparative analysis of work-related outcomes in hemiarthroplasty with concentric glenoid reaming and total shoulder arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Feb 27;28(2):244-251. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Division of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Rothman Institute, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) has demonstrated high levels of return to work, although there are fears of glenoid component loosening with higher work demand.

Methods: A retrospective query was performed of all patients who received hemiarthroplasty with ream-and-run resurfacing (Hemi RR) between 2005 and 2014. Included patients were matched to an aTSA cohort by age, body mass index, sex, and hand dominance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.07.026DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Collagen type III content of the long head of the biceps tendon as an indicator of glenohumeral arthritis.

Mol Cell Biochem 2019 Apr 28;454(1-2):25-31. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Clinical & Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA.

Tendonosis is characterized by an increase in collagen type III relative to collagen type I, but the precise ratio of collagen type I to collagen type III in pathologic shoulder tendons has not been reported. A tendon continuously bathed in an OA synovial environment may exhibit histomorphologic differences as compared to those from shoulders with a preserved articular surface. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biochemical and histological differences in the proximal portion of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) from a non-arthritic versus an arthritic glenohumeral joint. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11010-018-3449-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-018-3449-yDOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Is the Walch B3 glenoid significantly worse than the B2?

Shoulder Elbow 2018 Oct 13;10(4):256-261. Epub 2017 Aug 13.

Roth|McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Center, St Joseph's Health Care, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The Walch B3 glenoid is theorized to be a progression of the B2 biconcave pattern. The present study aimed to compare glenoid indices between B2 and B3 patterns. We hypothesized that the B3 pattern would have significantly worse retroversion, inclination and medialization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1758573217724111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134530PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Outcomes After Shoulder Replacement Surgery in the Young Patient: How Do They Do and How Long Can We Expect Them to Last?

Clin Sports Med 2018 Oct;37(4):593-607

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address:

Glenohumeral arthritis in the young, active patient remains a challenging problem shoulder surgeons face. Anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty has been proven to be a successful operation for patients with end-stage shoulder arthritis; however, concerns over long-term implant survival remain. These concerns are amplified in young patients and largely revolve around the placement of a glenoid component, which is seen as the "weak link" in shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2018.05.008DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Biologic Options for Glenohumeral Arthritis.

Clin Sports Med 2018 Oct 3;37(4):537-548. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address:

Biologic options for glenohumeral arthritis include intra-articular injections as well as allograft interposition arthroplasty. The objectives of these treatments are reduction of pain and maintenance/improvement in function, while delaying the need for arthroplasty. This article reviews the current evidence for hyaluronic acid injection, platelet-rich plasma injection, and allograft interposition arthroplasty in the young patient with glenohumeral arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2018.06.001DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

The Role for Shoulder Hemiarthroplasty in the Young, Active Patient.

Clin Sports Med 2018 Oct;37(4):527-535

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keck Medical Center at University of Southern California, 1520 San Pablo Street, Suite 2000, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. Electronic address:

Younger patients with severe glenohumeral (GH) arthritis are a challenge to treat, as they have high physical demands, high expectations, a long lifespan, and often altered anatomy from prior surgery or congenital deformity. Nonoperative management is the cornerstone of treatment; however, when it fails, shoulder arthroplasty can be indicated. Although the literature suggests that total shoulder arthroplasty is the most appropriate for severe GH arthritis, there are a subset of patients in which a hemiarthroplasty can still be successful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2018.05.004DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Nonarthroplasty Options for the Athlete or Active Individual with Shoulder Osteoarthritis.

Clin Sports Med 2018 Oct;37(4):517-526

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Avenue, 76-119 CHS, Los Angeles, CA 90095-6902, USA. Electronic address:

The management of glenohumeral osteoarthritis is difficult in young, active individuals. After nonoperative management fails, arthroscopic debridement with concomitant procedures (eg, loose body removal, capsular release, labral debridement, synovectomy, osteophyte resection, bursectomy, subacromial decompression, microfracture, and biceps tenotomy or tenodesis) to address potential pain generators may be an option in small, contained, unipolar lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2018.05.003DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads
2.583 Impact Factor

Etiology of Shoulder Arthritis in Young Patients.

Clin Sports Med 2018 Oct;37(4):505-515

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, 400 Ray C. Hunt Drive, Suite 300, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA. Electronic address:

The manifestation of glenohumeral arthritis in the young adult is a devastating occurrence that can be difficult to manage. This review details the many underlying etiologies including genetic causes, congenital abnormalities, glenohumeral instability, posttraumatic lesions, postcapsulorraphy arthropathy, osteonecrosis, intraarticular pain pump postoperative use, radiofrequency/thermal capsulorraphy treatments, septic arthritis/infection, and inflammatory arthropathies. Although each of these potential causes have been well-studied, their contributions to the development of glenohumeral arthritis in the young person has not been described extensively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2018.05.002DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Small anteroposterior inclination of the acromion is a predictor for posterior glenohumeral erosion (B2 or C).

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Jan 31;28(1):22-27. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Anatomic factors associated with static posterior translation of the humeral head with or without glenohumeral osteoarthritis are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that there is an association between glenoid wear, glenoid version, and/or anteroposterior acromial tilt.

Methods: Ninety-nine patients with glenohumeral joint degeneration involving advanced glenoid cartilage wear and/or rotator cuff disease scheduled for anatomic or reverse total shoulder replacement underwent standardized conventional radiographic and computed tomographic shoulder imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.05.041DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Analysis of failures after the Bristow-Latarjet procedure for recurrent shoulder instability.

Int Orthop 2018 Aug 27. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, AZ Monica, Antwerp, Belgium.

Purpose: Despite good clinical results and low recurrence rates, post-operative complications of coracoid process transfer procedures are not well understood. This study aims to evaluate the underlying failure mechanism in cases requiring major open revision surgery after prior Bristow or Latarjet stabilization.

Methods: Between January 2006 and January 2017, 26 patients underwent major open revision after primary Bristow or Latarjet procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4105-6DOI Listing
August 2018
25 Reads

Eight-year follow-up of resurfacing hemiarthroplasty for advanced glenohumeral osteoarthritis following total acromionectomy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 16;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Total acromionectomy is now a largely historical procedure due to a number of biomechanical sequelae caused by defunctioning of the deltoid, although its overall effect on joint kinematics is uncertain. This presents a challenge when considering arthroplasty for subsequent glenohumeral arthritis. We report on successful management of such a case, treated with resurfacing hemiarthroplasty 57 years following acromionectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226288DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis in the Young Patient.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Sep;26(17):e361-e370

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, OrthoCarolina, Charlotte, NC (Dr. Saltzman), the Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Dr. Leroux), and the Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL (Dr. Verma and Dr. Romeo).

Glenohumeral osteoarthritis in the young patient (aged <60 years) is a difficult condition, given both age and functional demands. Primary osteoarthritis is the most common etiology in this patient demographic, but secondary causes include osteonecrosis, previous trauma (eg, fracture-dislocation), previous infection (eg, septic arthritis), previous capsulorrhaphy, previous arthroscopic surgery (eg, chondrolysis), and glenoid dysplasia. Nonsurgical modalities, including activity modification, pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, and intra-articular injections, are the mainstay of management; however, in young patients who have exhausted nonsurgical management, surgical options include arthroscopic débridement, humeral head replacement with or without glenoid treatment (ie, biologic glenoid resurfacing, glenoid reaming), and total or reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00657DOI Listing
September 2018
24 Reads

Instability in Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Sep;26(17):587-596

From Reid Health, Richmond, IN (Dr. Chae), and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI, and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI (Dr. Siljander and Dr. Wiater).

Recently, indications for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty have expanded to include glenohumeral arthritis, rotator cuff arthropathy, irreparable rotator cuff tears, complex proximal humerus fractures, sequelae of trauma, and failed shoulder prostheses. Dislocation is a common complication, with rates ranging from 1.5% to 31%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00408DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Treatment of Articular Cartilage Injuries in the Glenohumeral Joint.

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 2018 Sep;26(3):120-128

CU Sports Medicine and Performance Center Champions Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

Articular cartilage injuries in the glenohumeral joint present a unique and difficult problem for the patient and surgeon alike. Various etiologies exist for the development of these cartilage lesions; therefore, treatment options are vast and must be chosen thoughtfully, especially in the young, active patient. Across all treatment modalities, the goal is for the patient to regain lasting function and mobility while decreasing pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSA.0000000000000201DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

A Biomechanical and Structural Comparison of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone of the Glenoid and Humeral Head.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Jul 20;6(7):2325967118785854. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA.

Background: The underlying cause of glenohumeral arthritis is poorly understood. Glenohumeral arthrosis patterns have been classified and described, and differential contact stresses within the joint have been implicated as a cause of joint degeneration, but the intrinsic cause of degeneration patterns in the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) remains largely unknown.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to assess morphological and mechanical differences in articular cartilage (AC) and subchondral bone (SCB) of the glenoid and humeral head in matched cadaveric specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118785854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055107PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Proper benefit of a three dimensional pre-operative planning software for glenoid component positioning in total shoulder arthroplasty.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 2;42(12):2897-2906. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Centre Orthopédique Santy, Unité Epaule, 24 Avenue Paul Santy, 69008, Lyon, France.

Purpose: Glenoid loosening after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is influenced by the position of the glenoid component. 3D planning software and patient-specific guides seem to improve positioning accuracy, but their respective individual application and role are yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of freehand implantation after 3D pre-operative planning and to compare its accuracy to that of a targeting guide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4037-1DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

A statistical shape model to predict the premorbid glenoid cavity.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Oct 27;27(10):1800-1808. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Institute for Surgical Technology and Biomechanics, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: This study proposes a method for inferring the premorbid glenoid shape and orientation of scapulae affected by glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA) to inform restorative surgery.

Methods: A statistical shape model (SSM) built from 64 healthy scapulae was used to reconstruct the premorbid glenoid shape based on anatomic features that are considered unaffected by OA. First, the method was validated on healthy scapulae by quantifying the accuracy of the predicted shape in terms of surface distance, glenoid version, and inclination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.04.023DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Diagnosing polymyalgia rheumatica on F-FDG PET/CT: typical uptake patterns.

Ann Nucl Med 2018 Oct 8;32(8):573-577. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan.

Objective: The diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is often challenging, since similar clinical features and laboratory findings can be observed in several inflammatory conditions. PMR involves affected sites in a specific manner, and F-FDG PET/CT has the advantage for assessing the disease activity of each site. The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of F-FDG uptake that suggest the diagnosis of PMR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-018-1269-5DOI Listing
October 2018
24 Reads

Hemiarthroplasty Is an Option for Patients Older Than 70 Years With Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis.

Orthopedics 2018 Jul 26;41(4):222-228. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Hemiarthroplasty (HA) of the shoulder has several potential advantages over total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), particularly in the elderly population. This study reviewed long-term results of HA and TSA in patients older than 70 years with glenohumeral osteoarthritis. During a 30-year period, 403 shoulders had undergone HA (n=74) or TSA (n=329) for glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20180621-03DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

The prognostic and diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT for assessment of symptomatic osteoarthritis.

Nucl Med Commun 2018 07;39(7):699-706

Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical significance of increased fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake on PET/CT in joints for evaluation of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) and prediction of progression.

Patients And Methods: In this prospective study, shoulder, hip, and knee joints were imaged in 65 patients undergoing routine F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Patients completed the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire to assess joint pain, stiffness, and physical function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6002865PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Editorial Commentary: Superior Capsule Reconstruction With Dermal Allograft: Achieving the Goal of Joint Preservation.

Arthroscopy 2018 Jun;34(6):1774-1775

San Antonio, Texas.

Active patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tears and no glenohumeral arthritis have long posed a dilemma for shoulder surgeons. Such high-demand patients do not do well with partial cuff repair, as their results tend to deteriorate over time. They are also not good candidates for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty due to high rates of complications and high revision rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.02.024DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Use of a Total Shoulder Arthroplasty in a Patient with Minimally Painful Severe Glenohumeral Arthritis and a Progressive Plexopathy: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):e32

Holy Cross Orthopedic Institute, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Case: A 70-year-old woman presented with severe but minimally painful right glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA), with progressive weakness and numbness radiating to the right hand. Imaging revealed a large fluid collection extending from the joint to the subcoracoid space, with a mass effect on the brachial plexus. A total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and decompression of a ganglion cyst were performed. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01709767-900000000-9988
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.17.00070DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Arthroscopic debridement for septic arthritis of the shoulder joint: post-infectious arthritis is an inevitable consequence?

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Sep 18;138(9):1257-1263. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, CPO Box 8044, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and development of post-infectious arthritis of the shoulder joint after single (Group S) or repeated (Group R) arthroscopic debridement surgeries. We hypothesized that (1) repeated surgeries might be attributable to initial subchondral involvement resulting from septic arthritis and (2) the repeated surgery group would exhibit a higher incidence of post-infectious arthritic changes and inferior clinical outcomes due to prolonged resolution of the infection.

Methods: This study included 42 patients (single surgery, n = 29; repeated surgery, n = 13) who underwent arthroscopic debridement for septic arthritis and had a minimum of 2 years of postoperative follow-up data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-2959-0DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Do magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography provide equivalent measures of rotator cuff muscle size in glenohumeral osteoarthritis?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Oct 10;27(10):1877-1883. Epub 2018 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: Rotator cuff muscle volume is associated with outcomes after cuff repair and total shoulder arthroplasty. Muscle area on select magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) slices has been shown to be a surrogate for muscle volume. The purpose of this study was to determine whether computed tomography (CT) provides an equivalent measurement of cuff muscle area to a previously validated MRI measurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.03.015DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Critical shoulder angle in an East Asian population: correlation to the incidence of rotator cuff tear and glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Sep 3;27(9):1602-1606. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Focus has recently been on the critical shoulder angle (CSA) as a factor related to rotator cuff tear and osteoarthritis (OA) in the European population. However, whether this relationship is observed in the Asian population is unclear.

Methods: The correlation between the CSAs measured on anteroposterior radiographs and the presence or absence of rotator cuff tears or OA changes was assessed in 295 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.03.013DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Biomechanical comparison of glenoid implants with adaptable and fixed backside curvatures in anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Sep 27;27(9):1656-1663. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Service of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: We evaluated the biomechanical effects and potential advantages of glenoid implants with adaptable backside curvature radii and compared them with standard implants having fixed backside curvatures in anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis with uniconcave glenoids.

Methods: A glenoid implant with adaptable backside curvatures (Aequalis PerFORM, Tornier SAS, Montbonnot, France) was compared with its previous model having a fixed curvature radius. Virtual aTSAs were performed in 24 patients from preoperative shoulder computed tomography data sets, using both implants in each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.02.050DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Mid-term results of anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty for primary osteoarthritis using a short-stemmed cementless humeral component.

Bone Joint J 2018 05;100-B(5):603-609

Atos Clinic, Heidelberg and German Joint Centre, Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of using an anatomical short-stem shoulder prosthesis to treat primary osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint.

Patients And Methods: A total of 66 patients (67 shoulders) with a mean age of 76 years (63 to 92) were available for clinical and radiological follow-up at two different timepoints (T1, mean 2.6 years, sd 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.100B5.BJJ-2017-1102.R2DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Arthroplasty for glenohumeral arthritis in shoulders with a previous Bristow or Latarjet procedure.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Sep;27(9):1607-1613

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Coracoid transfer has become increasingly popular for recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Despite the success, glenohumeral arthropathy develops in some patients. Arthroplasty in this population is complicated by altered anatomy, scarring, and retained hardware. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.02.062DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Getting back in the game after humeral head resurfacing.

J Orthop 2018 Mar 31;15(1):264-274. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Ethianum Clinic Heidelberg, Voßstr. 6, 69115 Heidelberg Germany.

Background: Aim of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing humeral head resurfacing (HHR) surgery are able to successfully return to their sports and occupation afterwards.

Materials And Methods: Fifty patients treated with CUP (HHR) arthroplasty were included. Two groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports less than 5 years prior surgery (Group 1: n = 42 (84%)) and patients who have never participated in sports (Group 2: n = 8 (16%)). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2018.01.055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5895938PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty in young patients with osteoarthritis: all-polyethylene versus metal-backed glenoid.

Bone Joint J 2018 04;100-B(4):485-492

Institut Universitaire Locomoteur et du Sport, Hôpital Pasteur 2 and Université Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice Cedex 1, France.

Aims: Controversy about the use of an anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) in young arthritic patients relates to which is the ideal form of fixation for the glenoid component: cemented or cementless. This study aimed to evaluate implant survival of aTSA when used in patients aged < 60 years with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA), and to compare the survival of cemented all-polyethylene and cementless metal-backed glenoid components.

Materials And Methods: A total of 69 consecutive aTSAs were performed in 67 patients aged < 60 years with primary glenohumeral OA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.100B4.BJJ-2017-0495.R2DOI Listing
April 2018
27 Reads

Going forward with reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2018 Jan-Mar;9(1):87-93. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

Trauma & Orthopaedics, Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend, CF311RQ, United Kingdom.

Rotator cuff is a vital structure of glenohumeral joint, the dysfunction of which leads to debilitating pain and restricted movement. Arthroplasty using unconstrained anatomical prosthesis for treating these conditions have not been successful in the past. Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty (RSA) is a novel technique specifically designed to address end stage glenohumeral arthritis in rotator cuff deficient joint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcot.2017.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884055PMC
October 2017
22 Reads

Sidus Stem-Free Shoulder System for primary osteoarthritis: short-term results of a multicenter study.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Aug 3;27(8):1483-1490. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Department of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to evaluate clinical and radiologic results of a new metaphyseal anchored system. This system features a different anchor geometry that potentially leads to better bony integration and less loosening.

Methods: From November 2012 until December 2015, 148 patients (151 shoulders) were treated with the Sidus Stem-Free Shoulder System at 9 centers in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.02.057DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Shoulder Arthroplasty for Sequelae of Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Injury.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Sep 29;43(9):871.e1-871.e7. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Purpose: Shoulder arthroplasty following obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI) is technically challenging because glenoid morphology, muscle balance, and humeral version are substantially altered compared with the neurologically intact shoulder. The purpose of this study is to report the outcome of shoulder arthroplasty in a group of patients with end-stage arthritis secondary to OBPI.

Materials And Methods: Seven patients with OBPI and secondary glenohumeral arthritis were treated with shoulder arthroplasty between 1976 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.02.006DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads