1,193 results match your criteria Glenohumeral Arthritis


3D-MRI versus 3D-CT in the evaluation of glenoid deformity in glenohumeral arthritis using Dixon 3D FLASH sequence.

Skeletal Radiol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY, 10003, USA.

Objective: To compare MRI with 3D reconstructions and 3D-CT with respect to assessment of glenoid wear in osteoarthritic shoulders.

Methods: 3D reconstructions were generated for CT and MR (utilizing the Dixon technique) imaging performed on 29 osteoarthritic shoulders. Two reviewers independently performed glenoid morphometric measurements and evaluated glenoid erosion. Read More

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Long-term Outcomes After the Open Latarjet Procedure for the Surgical Management of Humeral Avulsion of the Glenohumeral Ligament Lesions.

Am J Sports Med 2022 Jun 20:3635465221102904. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Centre Orthopédique Santy, Hôpital Privé Jean Mermoz, Ramsay Santé, Lyon, France.

Background: Recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability caused by a humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion has been studied, but very limited long-term evidence is available.

Purpose: To retrospectively review patients with a HAGL lesion who underwent an open Latarjet procedure for recurrent anterior shoulder instability.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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Statistically based nomograms for the minimal needle length required to achieve intra-articular fluoroscopic-guided injections of the shoulder, hip, and knee.

PM R 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo S, Jacksonville, Florida, United States.

Background: Image-guided intra-articular injections are commonly performed to reduce pain in patients with arthritis or other joint-related pathology. Utilizing a needle length that is too short could lead to increased patient discomfort, increased procedural time, and extra-articular injections.

Objective: To predict the minimum needle length required for fluoroscopic-guided intra-articular injections of the hips, knees, and shoulders based on patient age, gender, height and weight, or BMI; and to evaluate whether this varies by gender. Read More

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Do partial glenohumeral degenerative changes in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair influence clinical outcomes?

Clin Shoulder Elb 2022 Jun 25;25(2):112-120. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Background: The prognostic factors for patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears (RCTs) include tear size, muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration. However, the influence of early coexisting degenerative changes on RCT outcomes is unappreciated. The purpose of this study was to calculate the impact that pre-existing partial glenohumeral cartilaginous changes have on patients undergoing arthroscopic RCT repair. Read More

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Shoulder Osteoarthritis.

Radiol Clin North Am 2022 Jul;60(4):593-603

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224-3899, USA.

Glenohumeral osteoarthritis has proven to be a major contributor to shoulder joint pain and dysfunction in the elderly. There are several conditions about the shoulder that contribute to the development of glenohumeral osteoarthritis, which includes traumatic injuries, rotator cuff pathology, glenohumeral instability, glenoid dysplasia, and osteonecrosis. When glenohumeral osteoarthritis pain is refractory to conservative treatment, intra-articular injections and surgery can be performed. Read More

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Shoulder Arthroplasty Options for Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis in Young and Active Patients (<60 Years Old): A Systematic Review.

J Shoulder Elb Arthroplast 2022 23;6:24715492221087014. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Aim: This study aims to describe the shoulder arthroplasty options for young and active patients (<60 years old) with glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by searching on Pubmed database. Studies that reported outcomes of patients with glenohumeral arthritis, younger than 60 years, that underwent shoulder arthroplasty [(Hemiarthroplasty (HA), Hemiarthroplasty with biological resurfacing (HABR), Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), Reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA)] were included. Read More

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Clinical Fate of Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis Following Intraarticular Corticosteroid Injection: An Analysis in 311 Shoulders.

J Shoulder Elb Arthroplast 2022 2;6:24715492221075446. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Missouri Orthopaedic Institute, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65212, USA.

Background: Intraarticular corticosteroid injection is commonly used conservative treatment for glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical fate of symptomatic glenohumeral OA following intraarticular corticosteroid injection and to identify factors associated with undergoing shoulder arthroplasty.

Methods: Glenohumeral OA patients who had undergone at least one glenohumeral corticosteroid injection from 2012 to 2017 were identified. Read More

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February 2022

Editorial Commentary: Predictors of Best Outcomes After Latissimus Dorsi Transfer for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tear.

Arthroscopy 2022 Jun;38(6):1831-1833

The management of patients with massive posterosuperior rotator cuff tears without glenohumeral arthritis remains a challenge to arthroscopic surgeons. A wide variety of treatment options have been described, including latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (LDTT) and lower trapezius tendon transfer. These tendon transfers have been utilized to rebalance the glenohumeral force couple for patients with massive or irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears. Read More

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Posterior shoulder dislocation with associated reverse Hill-Sachs lesion: clinical outcome 10 years after joint-preserving surgery.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department for Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, BG Klinik, University of Tübingen, Schnarrenbergstr. 95, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Introduction: Posterior shoulder dislocation in association with reverse Hill-Sachs lesion is a rather rare injury. Few studies reporting results after joint-preserving surgery in these cases are available. This current study presents the clinical outcomes 10 years postoperatively. Read More

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A Radiographic Analysis of Proximal Humeral Anatomy in Patients with Primary Glenohumeral Arthritis and Implications for Press-Fit Stem Length.

J Clin Med 2022 May 19;11(10). Epub 2022 May 19.

Oregon Shoulder Institute, 2780 E. Barnett Road, Suite 200, Medford, OR 97504, USA.

While short stems in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) preserve bone stock and facilitate revision surgery, they have been associated with higher rates of malalignment and loosening in some cases compared to standard length stems. The purpose of this study was to analyze the intramedullary canal in progressive increments distal to the greater tuberosity to provide anatomic information about the optimal length of press-fit short stems for alignment and stability in TSA. We hypothesized that the humeral canal diameter will remain variable for the first 50 to 75 mm distal to the greater tuberosity and will become consistent thereafter. Read More

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Joint aspiration and serum markers - do they matter in the diagnosis of native shoulder sepsis? A systematic review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 19;23(1):470. Epub 2022 May 19.

UT Health San Antonio, Department of Orthopaedics, Floyd Curl Dr, MC 7774, San Antonio, TX, 78229-3900, USA.

Background: Septic arthritis of the native shoulder is traditionally diagnosed with the same strategies as knee or hip septic arthritis. However, septic arthritis of the shoulder is frequently a missed or delayed diagnosis. Reliance on aspiration and serum markers has been called into question recently. Read More

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What Is the Clinical Benefit of Common Orthopaedic Procedures as Assessed by the PROMIS Versus Other Validated Outcomes Tools?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), including the Patient-reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), are increasingly used to measure healthcare value. The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is a metric that helps clinicians determine whether a statistically detectable improvement in a PROM after surgical care is likely to be large enough to be important to a patient or to justify an intervention that carries risk and cost. There are two major categories of MCID calculation methods, anchor-based and distribution-based. Read More

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Survivorship of Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2022 May 7;30(10):457-465. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

From Signature Orthopedics of Signature Medical Group, St. Louis, MO (Piper), and the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH (Neviaser).

Anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty provides pain relief and improved quality of life for patients suffering from glenohumeral arthritis. The 10-year survival rate for these implants has been most recently reported at 96%. As the number of shoulder arthroplasties per year increases, it is important to evaluate factors associated with failure. Read More

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Glenoid Labral Injuries Are More Common Posteriorly Than Superiorly and Are Combined Across Multiple Areas of the Glenoid.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 24;4(2):e535-e544. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Kentucky, U.S.A.

Purpose: To categorize arthroscopically observed labral injuries to include location on the glenoid and frequency of the injuries in each location.

Methods: Patients undergoing arthroscopic labral surgery between January 2018 and June 2020 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria for labral injury were consistently applied and included history, clinical examination and imaging findings, and failure of rehabilitation. Read More

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Arthroscopically Assisted Humeral Head Decompression for Avascular Necrosis: Lateral Cortical Perforation Technique.

Arthrosc Tech 2022 Apr 16;11(4):e505-e509. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A.

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the humeral head is debilitating condition that, when left untreated, can progress to humeral head collapse and end-stage arthritis of the glenohumeral joint. Core decompression is widely regarded as a first-line surgical treatment for early-stage AVN, and when performed on the appropriate patient, core decompression is an effective treatment for improving symptoms and preventing progression and humeral head collapse. This article discusses operative indications and presents a relatively simple and effective arthroscopic method for core decompression of humeral head avascular necrosis. Read More

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Risk of revision based on timing of corticosteroid injection prior to shoulder arthroplasty.

Bone Joint J 2022 May;104-B(5):620-626

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Aims: Corticosteroid injections are often used to manage glenohumeral arthritis in patients who may be candidates for future total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) or reverse shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the conservative management of these patients, corticosteroid injections are often provided for symptomatic relief. The purpose of this study was to determine if the timing of corticosteroid injections prior to TSA or rTSA is associated with changes in rates of revision and periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following these procedures. Read More

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Validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the Swedish version of Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder index.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Apr 11;23(1):351. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, Danderyd, Sweden.

Background: The Western Ontario of the Shoulder index (WOOS) is a patient-reported, disease-specific instrument, designed to measure quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis of the shoulder. The Swedish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (SSAR) uses WOOS and EuroQoL 5-dimensions 3 levels (EQ-5D-3L) as patient reported outcome measures. The purpose of this study was to test the validity, responsiveness, and reliability of the Swedish translation of WOOS for patients with osteoarthritis of the shoulder. Read More

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In Vivo Static Retraction and Dynamic Elongation of Rotator Cuff Repair Tissue After Surgical Repair: A Preliminary Analysis at 3 Months.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Mar 31;10(3):23259671221084294. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Bone & Joint Center, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: Rotator cuff repair is a common orthopaedic procedure that provides pain relief for many patients, but unfortunately, an estimated 20% to 70% of repair procedures will fail. Previous research has shown that elongation (ie, retraction) of a repaired tendon is common even in patients with a repair construct that appears intact on magnetic resonance imaging. However, it is unknown how this repair tissue functions under dynamic conditions. Read More

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Concomitant Total Shoulder Arthroplasty and Ipsilateral Carpal Tunnel Release: Is it Safe?

J Hand Surg Am 2022 Apr 1. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:

Purpose: Symptomatic carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with advanced ipsilateral glenohumeral arthritis requiring total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) may be easily overlooked. Even when diagnosed beforehand, most upper extremity surgeons have historically chosen to perform TSA and carpal tunnel release (CTR) separately. We hypothesized that combined single-stage TSA and CTR is feasible and yields results comparable with those when the 2 procedures are performed separately, while avoiding 2 surgeries. Read More

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Comprehensive Arthroscopic Management of Shoulder Arthritis.

Arthroscopy 2022 04;38(4):1035-1036

Steadman Clinic and Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, U.S.A.

Glenohumeral arthritis is a challenging problem, especially in the young, active patient. After nonoperative treatment, including activity modification, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and injections, is exhausted, surgical treatment ranging from simple debridement to arthroplasty is commonly offered. Given concerns regarding arthroplasty implant longevity, there is an interest in joint-preserving procedures. Read More

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Long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty in patients under age 60 years.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 24;31(6S):S63-S70. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: We aimed to characterize the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in patients aged < 60 years. We hypothesized meaningful improvements in shoulder functionality and pain with TSA and an acceptably low rate of prosthesis complications and revisions.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 29 patients (34 shoulders) undergoing TSA before age 60 years with a minimum follow-up period of 10 years. Read More

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Persistent Shoulder Pain After Vaccine Administration Is Associated with Common Incidental Pathology: A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2022 Jul 23;480(7):1251-1258. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Background: Claims of shoulder injury now account for half of all claims to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. Reports from databases of claims or potential adverse events note a relatively high mean age and high prevalences of rotator cuff tendinopathy and adhesive capsulitis-common shoulder problems that might be incidental to vaccination. Published case reports provide much more detail about individual patients than is available in databases. Read More

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Letter to the Editor: Radiographic Severity May Not be Associated With Pain and Function in Glenohumeral Arthritis.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2022 05 22;480(5):1022-1023. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

European Student Think Tank, Public Health and Policy Working Group, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

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Shoulder Arthroplasty in the Aging Athlete: Considerations in the Younger Patient.

Instr Course Lect 2022 ;71:347-360

Shoulder arthroplasty has become an increasingly common option for the management of glenohumeral osteoarthritis in younger, higher demand, and athletic individuals. Patients with shoulder arthritis in whom nonsurgical measures fail and who are not candidates for arthroscopic treatment may be evaluated for shoulder arthroplasty. Available options include shoulder hemiarthroplasty, with or without biologic glenoid resurfacing, total shoulder arthroplasty, and less commonly reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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Nonarthroplasty Management of Shoulder Arthritis in the Aging Athlete: Biologics and Arthroscopy.

Instr Course Lect 2022 ;71:135-144

Glenohumeral arthritis in athletes or young and active individuals constitutes a challenging clinical problem, and multiple factors should be taken into consideration when deciding on nonsurgical or surgical treatment in this patient cohort. Selection of therapy should be based on clinical evidence, but the therapeutic strategy should align with patient expectations. Patient education on the nature and progression of shoulder osteoarthritis may facilitate the decision-making process regarding the selection of treatment. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: Interposition Graft Bridging Reconstruction: Good Mid-Term Outcomes for Massive Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears.

Arthroscopy 2022 03;38(3):699-700

Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears without glenohumeral arthritis are a common cause of shoulder pain and disability. Many surgical treatment options have been proposed, including debridement, partial repair, tendon transfer, superior capsule reconstruction, balloon spacer placement, bursal acromial reconstruction, and reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Interposition graft bridging reconstruction, as evidenced by the mid-term results of the current study, may also be considered, at least for now. Read More

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Preoperative Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation Score Predicts Poor Outcomes After Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for Massive Rotator Cuff Tears Without Arthritis.

Orthopedics 2022 Mar 4:1-6. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Limited clinical evidence is available to help to predict poor outcomes after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) among patients with massive rotator cuff tears without glenohumeral arthritis. A retrospective case-control study was performed for patients who underwent RSA for massive rotator cuff tear without glenohumeral arthritis (Hamada score ≤3) and had a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Preoperative risk factors for poor outcomes were subsequently analyzed. Read More

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Glenohumeral Arthritis in the Young Adult Current Concepts in Treatment.

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2022 Mar;80(1):37-46

Glenohumeral osteoarthritis (GHOA) in the young adult remains a challenging clinical problem to treat. These difficulties stem from the high physical demands and expectations of this patient population, limited longevity of existing treatment modalities, and need for a future revision surgery after primary surgical intervention. Given the heterogeneous etiology, clinical presentation, and radiographic findings, a thorough understanding of the pathology, patient expectations, and outcomes of existing treatment options available is necessary to deliver a treatment that is tailored to individual needs of the patient. Read More

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Shoulder Pathology on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Asymptomatic Elite-Level Rock Climbers.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Feb 11;10(2):23259671211073137. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, USA.

Background: The prevalence of findings on shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is high in asymptomatic athletes of overhead sports.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of atypical findings on MRI in shoulders of asymptomatic, elite-level climbers and to evaluate the association of these findings with clinical examination results. It was hypothesized that glenoid labrum, long head of the biceps tendon, and articular cartilage pathology would be present in >50% of asymptomatic athletes. Read More

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February 2022