75,802 results match your criteria Glaucoma Uveitic


Long-tevrm outcomes of the MICOF keratoprosthesis surgery.

Ocul Surf 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fuxing Road 28, Beijing, 100853, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate long-term anatomical and functional outcomes of the MICOF keratoprosthesis to treat end-stage corneal blindness.

Design: Re trospective review of consecutive clinical case series.

Participants: Between October 2000 and October 2015, at the Department of Ophthalmology of Chinese PLA General Hospital (PLAGH), a total of 132 eyes of 131 patients had undergone a MICOF keratoprosthesis implantation. Read More

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Infographic of the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial (EMGT).

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.

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Surgically induced astigmatism following single site and twin site phacotrabeculectomy augmented with mitomycin C.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Glaucoma Clinic, Aravind Eye Hospital, Tirunelveli, India.

Purpose: To determine difference in surgically induced astigmatism (SIA), post-operative intraocular pressure (IOP) and axial length (AL) between single site and twin-site phacotrabeculectomy augmented with Mitomycin C (MMC).

Design: Prospective interventional randomised controlled study.

Methods: In a prospective interventional comparative study, eligible patients were scheduled for phacotrabeculectomy. Read More

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Is there an association of socioeconomic deprivation with acute primary angle closure?

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Socioeconomic deprivation is known to increase the risk of late presentation of many diseases. This is the largest study in United Kingdom investigating the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and acute primary angle closure (APAC).

Methods: A retrospective review of case notes was conducted of 718 consecutive patients who underwent laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in Edinburgh (Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion) and Fife (Queen Margaret Hospital) between 2015 and 2019. Read More

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Anterior chamber angle features in primary congenital glaucoma infants using hand-held anterior segment-oct.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Medicine, Ophthalmology department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: To describe anterior chamber angle (ACA) structures and parameters in primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) and normal infant eyes, using Hand-held anterior segment optical coherence tomography (HH AS-OCT), as an in-office, non-contact technique.

Methods: Normal and PCG-infants <24 months were examined, using HH AS-OCT (RTVue RT- 100, Optovue Inc., Fremont, CA). Read More

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Clinical electrophysiology of the optic nerve and retinal ganglion cells.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

College of Optometry, State University of New York, New York, NY, USA.

Clinical electrophysiological assessment of optic nerve and retinal ganglion cell function can be performed using the Pattern Electroretinogram (PERG), Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) and the Photopic Negative Response (PhNR) amongst other more specialised techniques. In this review, we describe these electrophysiological techniques and their application in diseases affecting the optic nerve and retinal ganglion cells with the exception of glaucoma. The disease groups discussed include hereditary, compressive, toxic/nutritional, traumatic, vascular, inflammatory and intracranial causes for optic nerve or retinal ganglion cell dysfunction. Read More

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Non-invasive electrophysiology in glaucoma, structure and function-a review.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Medicine, Eye Center, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.

Glaucoma, its early diagnosis, and monitoring of interventions remain an ongoing challenge. We here review developments in functional assessment and its relation to morphology, evaluating recent insights in electrophysiology in glaucoma and highlighting how glaucoma research and diagnostics benefit from combined approaches of OCT and electrophysiological investigations. After concise overviews of OCT and non-invasive electrophysiology in glaucoma, we evaluate commonalities and complementarities of OCT and electrophysiology for our understanding of glaucoma. Read More

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Altered spontaneous cortical activity in mild glaucoma: A quantitative EEG study.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jun 8:136036. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Stress and cognitive electroimaging laboratory, Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Functional neuroimaging studies have reported alterations in cortical activity indicating glaucoma as a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Hence the current study aimed to assess the cortical activity using high-density EEG in patients with mild glaucoma during resting state. Treatment-naive 37 patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), 34 patients with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), and 32 healthy controls were included in the study. Read More

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Hypotony-associated Complications after Deep Sclerectomy: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Long-Term Outcomes.

J Glaucoma 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cheltenham, United Kingdom Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy Department of Ophthalmology, Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Trust, Huddersfield, UK.

Precis: Chronic hypotony is not uncommon following deep sclerectomy, but only a minor proportion of patients develop hypotony-associated complications. Numerical hypotony does not affect the visual outcomes. This study identifies factors associated with hypotony. Read More

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Protein Microarrays for Ocular Diseases.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2344:239-265

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Optics and Optometry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The eye is a multifaceted organ organized in several compartments with particular properties that reflect their diverse functions. The prevalence of ocular diseases is increasing, mainly because of its relationship with aging and of generalized lifestyle changes. However, the pathogenic molecular mechanisms of many common eye pathologies remain poorly understood. Read More

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January 2021

Personality types of patients with glaucoma: A systematic review of observational studies.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e25914

Department of Ophthalmology, Maoming People's Hospital, Maoming, Guangdong Province, China.

Objectives: To synthesize recent empirical research on the association between personality and glaucoma among this sub-population.

Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, Scopus and ScienceDirect databases were searched to identify eligible studies published between January 1950 and March 2019 in any language. The quality of included observational studies was assessed using an 11-item checklist which was recommended by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Read More

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Trace elements exposure and risk in age-related eye diseases: a systematic review of epidemiological evidence.

J Environ Sci Health C Toxicol Carcinog 2021 Jun 11:1-47. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

African Centre of Excellence for Public Health and Toxicological Research (ACE-PUTOR), University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers, Nigeria.

This systematic review aimed to evaluate existing evidence on the associations between trace elements exposure and age-related eye diseases. PubMed and Google scholar databases were searched for epidemiological and postmortem studies on the relationship between exposure to trace elements and Age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy (DR), in population groups aged 40 years and above. Available evidence suggests that cadmium (Cd) exposure may be positively associated with the risks of AMD and cataract. Read More

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Comparison of viscocanalostomy plus suture-assisted near-360-degree trabeculotomy and viscocanalostomy plus rigid probe trabeculotomy in primary congenital glaucoma.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of viscocanalostomy plus near-360-degree suture trabeculotomy (VST) with viscocanalostomy plus rigid probe trabeculotomy (VT) in treating primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) over a one-year follow-up.

Methods: This consecutive retrospective study included patients with PCG confirmed within 3 years of age from March 2017 to October 2019. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing the postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) curve and the success rate at one year after surgery. Read More

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Early Surgical Intervention for Neovascular Glaucoma in a Patient with Diabetes.

Cureus 2021 Jun 3;13(6):e15420. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Ophthalmology Department, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, BHR.

Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) is a cause of blindness in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and remains a clinical challenge. It results from vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, which occurs in cases of severe retinal ischemia. Early detection and immediate comprehensive management, including early surgical intervention, are essential to maintain good intraocular pressure (IOP) control and achieve the best visual outcome, as presented in this case. Read More

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Sustainability of Ophthalmology Practice and Training During and Post the Pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Review.

Authors:
Ahmed Almazroa

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 4;15:2355-2365. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Imaging Research Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To review and analyse the globally established ophthalmic practice protocols during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Methods: A literature review using search strategy was conducted to identify appropriate publications relevant to COVID-19 and ophthalmology practice and training. The safety and feasibility of the protocols were illustrated and discussed. Read More

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Changes of Neuroretinal Rim and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography After Filtration Surgery in Glaucomatous Eyes.

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 3;15:2335-2344. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Ludwig-Maximilians University, Eye Clinic, Campus Innenstadt, Munich, D-80336, Germany.

Purpose: Lowering the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) with filtration surgery can induce morphological changes to the bulbus and structures of the retina. In this study, we have evaluated changes of Bruch's membrane-based parameters and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) derived by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in eyes that have undergone glaucoma filtration surgery.

Patients And Methods: SD-OCT imaging of the optic nerve head (ONH) and of the RNFL was performed in 54 eyes of 54 patients with medically uncontrolled POAG before and after IOP-lowering surgery (trabeculectomy or deep sclerectomy). Read More

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The Effect of Dietary Antioxidant Supplementation in Patients with Glaucoma.

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 2;15:2293-2300. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Purpose: Oxidative stress may be a risk factor for glaucoma, and many previous reports have suggested that antioxidants could be a promising treatment. Here, we investigated the effects of a novel supplement containing three food-derived antioxidants (hesperidin, crocetin, and ) on markers of oxidative stress in patients with glaucoma.

Patients And Methods: This study had a prospective, single arm design. Read More

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The role of pattern electroretinograms and optical coherence tomography angiography in the diagnosis of normal-tension glaucoma.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 10;11(1):12257. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

In this study, we investigated the correlation between pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters for diagnosis in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Forty-nine normal individuals (49 eyes) and 60 patients with NTG (60 eyes) were enrolled. OCTA and PERG parameters, such as macular vessel density (VD) and the amplitude of N35-P50 and P50-N95, were measured. Read More

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Incidence of elevated intraocular pressure after intravitreal injection in Japanese patients with age-related macular degeneration.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 10;11(1):12246. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 232-0024, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to report the incidence of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) after intravitreal injection (IVI) of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in Japanese patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A retrospective study of chart review of patients who underwent ≥ 10 intravitreal anti-VEGF injections between April 2009 and December 2019 was conducted. Elevated IOP was defined as IOP ≥ 25 mmHg at one visit. Read More

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A case of chronic retinal necrosis after tube shunt surgery for secondary glaucoma associated with cytomegalovirus corneal endotheliitis.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 10;21(1):257. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, 89-1 Enya-cho, Izumo, Shimane, 693-8501, Japan.

Background: We report a case of chronic retinal necrosis (CRN) combined with cytomegalovirus (CMV) corneal endotheliitis.

Case Presentation: An 80-year old man was diagnosed with CRN that developed after tube shunt surgery with vitrectomy for secondary glaucoma associated with CMV corneal endotheliitis. After the use of oral valganciclovir and panretinal photocoagulation, the retinal lesion resolved rapidly and he has maintained visual acuity better than before the onset of CRN. Read More

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Seasonal variation in neurohormones, mood and sleep in patients with primary open angle glaucoma - implications of the ipRGC-system.

Chronobiol Int 2021 Jun 10:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Primary open angle glaucoma is associated with an increased risk of mood and sleep disorders. These adversities have been suggested to relate to a disrupted function of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). The ipRGCs are key components in the nonvisual photoreceptive system that mediates light effects on mood, sleep and circadian rhythm. Read More

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Automatic Anterior Chamber Angle Classification Using Deep Learning System and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Images.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 May;10(6):19

Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a software package for the automatic classification of anterior chamber angle using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).

Methods: AS-OCT images were collected from subjects with open, narrow, and closure anterior chamber angles, which were graded based on ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) results. The Inception version 3 network and the transfer learning technique were applied in the design of an algorithm for anterior chamber angle classification. Read More

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Optogenetic Modulation of Intraocular Pressure in a Glucocorticoid-Induced Ocular Hypertension Mouse Model.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 May;10(6):10

Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Purpose: Steroid-induced glaucoma is a common form of secondary open angle glaucoma characterized by ocular hypertension (elevated intraocular pressure [IOP]) in response to prolonged glucocorticoid exposure. Elevated IOP occurs with increased outflow resistance and altered trabecular meshwork (TM) function. Recently, we used an optogenetic approach in TM to regulate the 5-phosphatase, OCRL, which contributes to regulating PI(4,5)P2 levels. Read More

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Focal Loss Analysis of Nerve Fiber Layer Reflectance for Glaucoma Diagnosis.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 May;10(6)

Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate nerve fiber layer (NFL) reflectance for glaucoma diagnosis.

Methods: Participants were imaged with 4.5 × 4. Read More

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A cost-effectiveness analysis of iStent inject combined with phacoemulsification cataract surgery in patients with mild-to-moderate open-angle glaucoma in France.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0252130. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Glaukos Corp, San Clemente, California, United States of America.

Objective: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of implementing iStent inject trabecular bypass stent (TBS) in conjunction with cataract surgery (Cat Sx) in patients with mild-to-moderate glaucoma from a societal perspective in France. The secondary objective was to explore the economic impact of iStent inject TBS in patients who comply to different degrees with their anti-glaucoma medications.

Methods: A previously published Markov model was adapted to estimate the cost-effectiveness of treatment with iStent inject TBS + Cat Sx versus Cat Sx alone over a lifetime time horizon in patients with mild-to-moderate open-angle glaucoma in France. Read More

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Do eye diseases increase the risk of arthritis in the elderly population?

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Jun 10;13. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopedics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuchang 430060, Wuhan, China.

There are very few longitudinal studies which have previously conducted an investigation into whether eye diseases are a risk for arthritis, and how this occurs. The study employed a variety of machine-learning algorithms, including random forest for investigating the risks, and to elucidate these underlying mechanisms by focusing on five aspects containing 389 characterized variables (mental health and wellbeing; physical health; disability, functional impairment and helpers; health behavior; and health measures). The study population included 8,423 individuals. Read More

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A multielectrode array-based hypoxia model for the analysis of electrical activity in murine retinae.

J Neurosci Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Several eye diseases, for example, retinal artery occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma, are associated with retinal hypoxia. The lack of oxygen in the retina, especially in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), causes cell damage up to cell degeneration and leads to blindness. Using multielectrode array recordings, an ex vivo hypoxia acute model was established to analyze the electrical activity of murine wild-type retinae under hypoxic stress conditions. Read More

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Paired Optic Nerve Microvasculature and Nailfold Capillary Measurements in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 Jun;10(7):13

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: To assess microvascular beds in the optic nerve head (ONH), peripapillary tissue, and the nailfold in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) versus controls.

Methods: Patients with POAG (n = 22) and controls (n = 12) underwent swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography of ophthalmic microvasculature and nailfold video capillaroscopy of the hand. The main outcomes were vessel density (VD) and blood flow of the ONH, the peripapillary and the nailfold microvasculatures. Read More

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Planning Clinical Research and Clinical Care for Different Rates of Glaucoma Progression.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Biostatistics, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

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Estimated Utility of the Short-term Assessment of Glaucoma Progression Model in Clinical Practice.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Hamilton Glaucoma Center, Shiley Eye Institute, Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla.

Importance: Clinical trials of glaucoma therapies focused on protecting the optic nerve have required large sample sizes and lengthy follow-up to detect clinically relevant change due to its slow rate of progression. Whether shorter trials may be possible with more frequent testing and use of rate of change as the end point warrants further investigation.

Objective: To describe the design for the Short-term Assessment of Glaucoma Progression (STAGE) model and provide guidance on sample size and power calculations for shorter clinical trials. Read More

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