757 results match your criteria Glaucoma Intraocular Tumors

Decompression Retinopathy after Ahmed Glaucoma Valve in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Moyamoya Syndrome.

Ophthalmology 2022 Jul;129(7):802

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

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Clinical characteristics of infants with port-wine stain and glaucoma secondary to Sturge-Weber Syndrome.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Jun 9;22(1):260. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Background: Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a rare disease involving the eye, skin, and brain. Port-wine stain (PWS) and glaucoma are common clinical manifestations. This study analysed the clinical characteristics of infants with PWS and glaucoma secondary to SWS. Read More

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Trans-Scleral Cyclophotocoagulation in Refractory Pigment Dispersion-Like Glaucoma Secondary to Ciliary Body Melanoma.

J Curr Ophthalmol 2022 Jan-Mar;34(1):118-120. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Eye Research Center, The Five Senses Institute, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To report a case of ciliary body melanoma with acute high intraocular pressure (IOP) due to pigment dispersion, treated by limited trans-scleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) and plaque radiotherapy.

Methods: A 33-year-old woman was referred to clinic with acute ocular pain and decreased visual acuity from 1 week before presentation. The IOP was 55 mmHg accompanied by red eye, perilimbal injection, mild corneal edema (stromal and epithelial), scattered pigment dust on central corneal endothelium, 4 anterior chamber pigments, and pigmented cells. Read More

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[Neurofibromatosis type 1 initially presented with glaucoma in the Department of Ophthalmology: a case report].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2022 May;58(5):373-375

Department of Ophthalmology, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Military Medical University, Eye Institute of Chinese PLA, Xi'an 710032, China.

An eleven-year-old boy visited the Department of Ophthalmology due to visual acuity loss accompanied by high intraocular tension in the left eye for one year. Besides glaucoma, the typical ocular manifestations of neurofibromatosis type 1 such as bilateral Lisch nodules of the iris, multiple patchy choroidal nodules and retinal microvascular abnormalities were identified, and Cafe-au-lait macules appeared on the body skin. Based on the medical history, clinical presentation and auxiliary examination results, the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 with secondary glaucoma in the left eye was confirmed. Read More

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Necrosis of uveal melanoma post-COVID-19 vaccination.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 05;70(5):1837-1840

Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

A 49-year-old Indian male presented with rapidly progressive vision loss 1 day after receiving the second dose of BNT162b2 mRNA coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech, NY, USA). The eye had secondary angle closure glaucoma, bullous retinal detachment, and massive intraocular hemorrhage. Ultrasound showed an ill-defined subretinal mass with moderate internal reflectivity. Read More

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Surgical Approach in Intraocular Tumors

Turk J Ophthalmol 2022 04;52(2):125-138

Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey

Surgery in intraocular tumors is done for excision/biopsy and the management of complications secondary to the treatment of these tumors. Excision/biopsy of intraocular tumors can be done via fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), transretinal biopsy (TRB), partial lamellar sclerouvectomy (PLSU), and endoresection. FNAB, TRB, and PLSU can be used in tumors that cannot be diagnosed by clinical examination and other ancillary testing methods. Read More

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[Secondary open-angle glaucoma: uveitic secondary glaucoma, steroid-induced glaucoma, posttraumatic and postoperative glaucoma, tumor-related glaucoma and glaucoma due to elevated episcleral venous pressure].

Ophthalmologe 2022 May 26;119(5):533-546. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum, Universität Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Deutschland.

Secondary open-angle glaucomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases in which a variety of pathophysiological mechanisms result in an elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). In contrast to primary open-angle glaucoma in many cases besides IOP reduction a causal treatment is possible. This article is the second part of a review of the more frequently encountered forms of secondary open-angle glaucoma. Read More

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Retrospective analysis of secondary enucleation for uveal melanoma after plaque radiotherapy.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 9;22(1):163. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Key Laboratory of Intraocular Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Lab, Medical Artificial Intelligence Research and Verification Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. Plaque brachytherapy (PRT) is widely accepted as an effective globe-conserving treatment modality for UM. However, local treatment failure and complications lead to the enucleation of irradiated eyes. Read More

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Surgical Resection of Intraocular Tumors (Partial Transscleral Sclerouvectomy Combined With Mircoinvasive Vitrectomy and Reconstruction of the Eyeball) in Asian Patients: Twenty-Five Years Results.

Front Oncol 2022 15;12:768635. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Key Laboratory of Intraocular Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, Medical Artificial Intelligence Research and Verification Laboratory of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: To describe the outcome of intraocular tumor resection by partial transscleral sclerouvectomy (PTSU) combined with micro-invasive vitrectomy and reconstruction of the eyeball (MVRE) in Asian patients.

Design Methods And Participants: This retrospective, interventional cohort study included 366 patients who underwent PTSU combined with MVRE for intraocular tumors both in adult and pediatric age groups. The medical records of these patients were reviewed for clinical, operative, and histopathological features. Read More

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Post-trabeculectomy early bleb localization mimicking a 'ring of steel'.

J Postgrad Med 2022 Apr-Jun;68(2):100-101

Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A 54-year-old-man underwent trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C (0.02%). At 4-week follow-up, there was an elevated, well-circumscribed bleb with raised intra-ocular pressure (IOP) of 32-mmHg, with a classic "ring of steel" appearance, typically seen in a tenon's cyst. Read More

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The outcomes of trans-scleral cyclophotocoagulation in pediatric glaucoma secondary to Sturge-Weber syndrome.

J AAPOS 2022 04 17;26(2):78.e1-78.e5. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To report the outcomes of trans-scleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) in pediatric glaucoma secondary to Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS).

Methods: The medical records of all SWS glaucoma cases in the pediatric age group (<18 years of age) that underwent TSCPC at our institute from January 2000 to September 2017.

Results: A total of 22 eyes of 22 patients were included. Read More

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Secondary Glaucoma in the Context of Retinal Disease.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2022 Mar 14. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Deutschland.

A variety of retinal diseases can lead to the development of glaucoma. The most common type of these secondary glaucomas is neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which constitutes the main subject of this review. NVG is a severe condition with a poor prognosis. Read More

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Correlation of clinical and radiological predictors of retinoblastoma with high-risk histopathological features.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2022 05 6;69(5):e29625. Epub 2022 Mar 6.

Section of Histopathology, Indus Hospital & Health Network, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: Retinoblastoma (RB) tumors having high-risk histopathologic features (HRFs) have an increased risk of metastasis and disease relapse. However, RB has not been studied widely in Pakistan. Therefore, we evaluated the association of clinical, histopathologic, and radiological findings with HRFs in patients with RB who were treated at the Indus Health & Hospital Network in Karachi, Pakistan. Read More

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Clinical image: Rare photographic documentation of uveal melanoma progression.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Mar 3;25:101275. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, University of California Davis Health, Sacramento, CA, USA.

To present clinical images of a patient with neovascular glaucoma and hypermature cataract masking orbital extension of a uveal melanoma. Observations: A 67-year-old female was referred for neovascular glaucoma and found to have an intraocular tumor with massive orbital extension. She refused surgery and returned one year later with progression of the tumor with metastases and expired seven months later. Read More

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Glaucoma Drainage Device Giant Orbital Reservoir Formation Mimicking Orbital Cyst.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May-Jun 01;38(3):e94. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Orbital Oncology & Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

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Suspect asymptomatic lesions: Congenital hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium (CHRPE).

Rom J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul-Sep;65(3):275-278

Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Vera Cruz - Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium is a rare benign tumor of the ocular fundus that may vary according to three types. It is frequently asymptomatic and diagnosed during routine ophthalmology exam. This lesion has an important differential diagnosis with retinal disease and may be related to systemic diseases, therefore, it is essential to recognize it and keep the follow-up. Read More

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January 2022

Approach to childhood glaucoma: A review.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2022 03 25;50(2):232-246. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Speciality of Ophthalmology, Save Sight Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Childhood glaucoma represents a heterogenous group of rare ocular conditions that may result in significant sight threatening complications related to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). It can be classified as either primary or secondary and the latter may have systemic associations. This review will be based on the work of the childhood glaucoma research network (CGRN) and will focus on the diagnosis and management of the most common types of childhood glaucoma. Read More

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Proton beam radiation for iris melanoma: case series and review of literature.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2021 23;6(1):e000683. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Department of Opthalmology, Essen University Hospital, Essen, Germany.

Objective: Purpose of this study is to analyse the visual outcomes, the complication and eye retention rate as well as tumour control data of patients treated with proton beam radiation therapy (PBRT) for iris melanoma.

Methods: Retrospective case series and review based on patients' records. All tumours were categorised according to the American Joint Committee of Cancer staging criteria for primary iris melanoma und underwent either sectorial or whole anterior segment PBRT. Read More

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December 2021

Angle-closure glaucoma secondary to ciliary body cysts treated with subliminal transscleral cyclophotocoagulation. Report of a case.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) 2021 Dec 9;96(12):653-657. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Universidad Marista de Mérida, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. Electronic address:

Angle-closure glaucoma secondary to ciliary body cysts is a rare condition. Different pharmacological and surgical treatment modalities have been described. Among these, subliminal transscleral cyclophotocoagulation is a promising alternative due to fewer ocular complications and the same intraocular pressure reducing efficacy. Read More

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December 2021

The Results of Pars Plana Vitrectomy in the Treatment of Intraocular Retinoblastoma: A Retrospective Study and Literature Review.

Technol Cancer Res Treat 2021 Jan-Dec;20:15330338211048634

Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China.

To assess the efficacy and safety of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) as a treatment for intraocular retinoblastoma (RB) patients. Twenty-eight RB patients who had PPV were recruited in this retrospective case study, using the digital wide-angle retinal imaging device to record and assess disease condition. The mean value of follow-up time was 79. Read More

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Ocular Ultrasound Abnormalities and Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter in Dogs and Cats.

Jane Cho

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2021 Nov 14;51(6):1295-1314. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Veterinary Eye Specialists PLLC, 620 Commerce Street, Thornwood, NY 10594, USA. Electronic address: https://www.vesny.com.

Indications for, technique, and findings for normal and abnormal ocular ultrasound are discussed, with specific sonographic findings, images, differential diagnoses, and other considerations. Because the eye is a fluid-filled structure, ultrasound can be used as a screening test when pathology prevents direct examination. Structural abnormalities, such as lens luxation, retinal detachments, and intraocular and orbital masses, also may be defined better using point-of-care ultrasound. Read More

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November 2021

Intraocular Exosomes in Eye Diseases.

Curr Mol Med 2022 ;22(6):540-548

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Centre for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Exosomes, nanosized extracellular vesicles with a size of 30-150nm, contain many biological materials, such as messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA), proteins, and transcription factors. It has been identified in all biological fluids and recognized as an important part of intercellular communication. While the role of exosomes in cancer has been studied in-depth, our understanding of their relevance for ocular tissues has just begun to evolve. Read More

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[Secondary Angle Closure Glaucoma].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Nov 11;238(11):1251-1262. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Secondary angle closure glaucoma is a very heterogeneous subtype of glaucoma with a variety of possible causes leading to a blockade of the regular aqueous humour flow or outflow. A distinction is made between secondary pupillary block, angle closure with "pulling" or angle closure with "pushing" mechanisms. For each of these three subgroups, there are different causes, which in turn require individual therapy. Read More

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November 2021

Hemorrhagic choroidal detachment as the presenting sign of uveal melanoma.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Sep 22;23:101173. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Purpose: To describe two cases of medium-sized uveal melanoma presenting with hemorrhagic choroidal detachments.

Observations: The first case is a 39-year-old man who presented with choroidal hemorrhage and angle closure glaucoma. The second case is a 42-year-old man who presented with choroidal hemorrhage and posterior scleritis. Read More

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September 2021

The Profile of Secondary Glaucoma in China: A Study of Over 10,000 Patients.

J Glaucoma 2021 10;30(10):895-901

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center.

Background: Few studies have investigated the epidemiology of secondary glaucoma (SG) in China. This study analyzed the current profile of admitted patients with SG at the largest ophthalmic center in China.

Methods: SG cases were retrieved retrospectively by International Classification of Disease-10 clinical coding data from January 2010 to December 2019. Read More

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October 2021

Secondary Glaucoma Associated with Intraocular Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma.

Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2022 Jan-Feb;5(1):119-120. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida. Electronic address:

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Rapid growth of primary uveal melanoma following intravitreal bevacizumab injection: a case report and review of the literature.

Digit J Ophthalmol 2021 Feb 3;26(3):27-30. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Uveal melanoma size is a significant predictor of tumor metastasis. Although the relationship between antivascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) and uveal melanoma growth has been studied, results are paradoxical, and the relationship remains controversial. We report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with elevated intraocular pressure in his right eye, neovascularization of his iris, and significant corneal edema, which obscured the view of the angle. Read More

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February 2021

Review of de novo uveitis in older adults presenting to a large tertiary centre.

Br J Ophthalmol 2022 Jul 17;106(7):941-946. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Ophthalmology, Greenlane Clinical Centre, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background/aims: The primary aim of this study was to describe the causes of de novo uveitis in individuals 60 years and older. Secondary objectives were to determine the incidence of intraocular lymphoma and the clinical predictors of lymphoma.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of all subjects presenting to the uveitis service at Auckland District Health Board (Auckland, New Zealand) between January 2006 and October 2020 RESULTS: 686 subjects (900 eyes) were aged ≥60 years at first presentation with uveitis, representing 23. Read More

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Atypical free-floating iridociliary pigmented epithelial cysts and secondary glaucoma in a caiman (Caiman latirostris).

Vet Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 16;24(4):414-418. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

We describe a case of chronic ocular trauma that resulted in fixed and free-floating, pigmented epithelial iridociliary cysts, inflammation, and secondary glaucoma in a caiman (Caiman latirostris). A 20- to 25-year-old male caiman was presented with phthisis bulbi in the right eye, and congested episcleral vessels, corneal leukoma, disorganized anterior chamber, multifocal anterior synechia, and elevated intraocular pressure in the left eye. Ocular ultrasound of the left eye revealed round structures dispersed in the anterior and posterior chambers and vitreous cavity. Read More

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