14,394 results match your criteria Gingivitis


Efficacy of gaseous ozone in smoking and non-smoking gingivitis patients.

Ir J Med Sci 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.

Background: The gingivitis treatment protocols aim to stop the progression of inflammation and prevent the affliction of deeper periodontal tissues. Current research focuses on novel methods that can be applied with handheld and ultrasonic devices to increase the effectiveness of non-surgical periodontal treatment. Ozone has been shown to have a strong antimicrobial effect against bacteria that play a role in the etiology of gingival/periodontal diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-020-02271-xDOI Listing

Etiology and characteristics of halitosis in patients of a halitosis center in Northern Italy.

Minerva Stomatol 2020 Jun;69(3):174-182

Department of Surgical Sciences, C.I.R. Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: As there are few studies in Europe describing characteristics of breath malodor for large groups of patients, this retrospective study was designed to analyse the etiology of halitosis among patients attending a breath malodor center in Northern Italy.

Methods: Clinical records of 547 consecutive patients were reviewed and data on self-perceived halitosis, organoleptic scores, volatile sulphur compound (VSC) levels, and oral health condition were extracted and analysed.

Results: The prevalence of intra-oral halitosis was 90. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4970.19.04186-4DOI Listing

Periodontal condition and periodontal risk assessment in adult patients with cystic fibrosis.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2020 Jun 11;27(2):235-239. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland.

Introduction: The presence of chronic inflammation in the mouth, such as infectious disease of the periodontal tissues, may be the reservoir of microorganisms that are not usually present, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Objective: The purpose of the study was to create a profile of periodontal conditions and periodontal risk assessment in adult patients with cystic fibrosis.

Material And Methods: The study involved 22 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) aged 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/106087DOI Listing

Periodontal diseases in the Australian adult population.

Aust Dent J 2020 Jun;65 Suppl 1:S52-S58

Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Periodontal diseases are some of the major oral diseases and conditions in adults.

Objective: The study aimed to present the population patterns of periodontal diseases and trends of periodontitis in the Australian adult population.

Methods: Data collected in the recent National Study of Adult Oral Health (NSAOH) 2017-18 were used to present the current population patterns of periodontal diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/adj.12765DOI Listing

Active gingival inflammation is linked to hypertension.

J Hypertens 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, San Salvatore Hospital, University of L'Aquila - Unit of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Center for Hypertension and Cardiovascular Prevention - Oral DISeases and SYstemic interactions study group (ODISSY group), L'Aquila, Italy.

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including hypertension, are characterized by underlying systemic inflammation. Periodontitis, which can impact the systemic inflammatory burden has recently been linked to high blood pressure (BP). However, the relationship of gingival bleeding, as an easily accessible marker of periodontal disorder, with hypertension, remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002514DOI Listing

Determination of the Role of Fusobacterium Nucleatum in the Pathogenesis in and Out the Mouth.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2020 Jun;41(1):87-99

"Dr. Spasovski"Skopje, R.N. Macedonia.

Introduction: One of the most important types of microorganisms in the oral cavity in both healthy and non-healthy individuals is Fusobacterium nucleatum. Although present as a normal resident in the oral cavity, this Gram-negative pathogen is dominant in periodontal disease and it is involved in many invasive infections in the population, acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, as well as many adverse events with a fatal outcome.

Aim: To determine the role of F. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/prilozi-2020-0026DOI Listing

The effect of an oral spray containing an aqueous extract of Triticum vulgare on dental plaque and gingival inflammation in schoolchildren: A randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2020 Jun;21(2):110-114

Department of Surgical Sciences, C.I.R. Dental School, Section of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Aim: To investigate whether the daily use of a spray containing an aqueous extract of Triticum vulgare (TV), belonging to the family of Graminaceae, associated with supervised toothbrushing may improve gingival health in schoolchildren with mixed dentition.

Materials And Methods: Study design: Randomised, controlled, single-centre, examiner blind, parallel-group study. The study population included 57 schoolchildren with plaque-induced gingivitis randomly allocated to test (n = 29) and control (n = 28) group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23804/ejpd.2020.21.02.04DOI Listing

The effect of dental gel formulation on human primary fibroblasts - an in vitro study.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Dental Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland, Poland.

Introduction: In ordinary dental practice, the dentist often meets with patients suffering from ulcers, aphtha with edema, bleeding gums, bothersome burning, and dry mouth. These are prosthetic, orthodontic patients, after surgery, in various age ranges. Protefix® gel is a soothing and regenerating preparation aimed at patients with mucosal problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2020.0013DOI Listing

Giant Dental Calculus: A Rare Case Report and Review.

Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):134-136. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Periodontology, Government College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Inadequate oral hygiene is the root cause of the initiation and establishment of the periodontal disease. Dental calculus serves as plaque retentive area, thereby contributing to gingivitis and periodontitis. The present unusual case is of a 55-year-old female patient reported to the department of periodontology with a chief complaint of hard deposit at the right maxillary and mandibular posterior region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_84_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289209PMC

Miswak and oral health: An evidence-based review.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2020 Jul 16;27(7):1801-1810. Epub 2020 May 16.

Tissue Engineering Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Poor oral health has been associated with several chronic and systemic disease. Currently, the most common method of teeth cleaning is the use of a toothbrush together with dentifrices. However, natural chewing stick such as miswak is still used in many developing countries due to their low cost and availability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.05.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296476PMC

Close Associations of Gum Bleeding with Systemic Diseases in Late Adolescence.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 16;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division for Health Service Promotion, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.

Background: Though it is well known that periodontal diseases are associated with various systemic diseases in adults, the associations in late adolescents have not been adequately elucidated. We investigated the association between gum bleeding (a major symptom of periodontal diseases) and common systemic diseases in late adolescents: allergic, respiratory, and otorhinolaryngologic diseases.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the mandatory medical questionnaires administered as a part of legally required freshman medical checkup between April 2017 and April 2019 at the University of Tokyo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124290DOI Listing

Dentistry and OMICS: Transcriptome Dynamics of an Oral Ecosystem as Measured by Changes in Oral Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils in Experimental Gingivitis.

OMICS 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Periodontology, Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam (UVA) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Oral health and dentistry are essential components of systems medicine, which has received lesser attention in comparison to other medical fields, such as cancer biology. In this context, oral polymorphonuclear neutrophils (oPMNs) play an important role in the maintenance of oral health. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report original observations on the transcriptional responses of oPMNs during experimentally induced gingivitis, by temporarily refraining from regular oral care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/omi.2020.0034DOI Listing

Gingival inflammation influences oral health-related quality of life in individuals living in a rural area of southern Brazil.

J Clin Periodontol 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Stomatology, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Emphasis on Periodontics, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Aim: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether the extent of gingival inflammation (GI) in whole mouth or restricted to the anterior region are independently associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in individuals living in a rural area of southern Brazil.

Materials And Methods: A probability sample of 688 individuals was submitted to a full-mouth periodontal examination at six sites on each tooth. Extent of GI in whole mouth and restricted to anterior region were dichotomously considered when bleeding on probing (BoP) occurred at 20% or more of whole mouth sites and at 10% or more of anterior region sites, respectively, in individuals with probing depths ≤ 3 mm, totaling 121 individuals analyzed, aged 15 to 82 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13333DOI Listing

Literature review of oral tuberculosis and report of a case with unique histological presentation.

Indian J Tuberc 2020 Apr 7;67(2):238-244. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Periodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, 110002, India.

As a consequence of the emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) and various immuno-compromised states, there is a re-emergence of many forgotten extrapulmonary manifestations of TB including oral TB, which must be taken into consideration while diagnosing oral lesions. The present article discusses the geographical burden, temporal evolution, demographic variables, clinical presentation and treatment of oral TB. The occurrence is most commonly secondary to pulmonary TB but oral symptoms may precede systemic symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2019.02.019DOI Listing

Periodontal parameters and oral hygiene in diabetic and nondiabetic adolescents in Zanjan.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 26;34:12. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

Periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus are 2 most common encountered chronic diseases. The occurrence, appearance, and severity of the periodontium tissue conditions vary during adolescence. Also, there is controversy about the relationship between diabetes mellitus and increased periodontal disease breakdown during puberty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34171/mjiri.34.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7293809PMC
February 2020

Effect of smokeless tobacco use on salivary glutathione levels among chronic periodontitis patients before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy.

Tob Prev Cessat 2020 5;6:15. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Periodontics, P.M.N.M. Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, India.

Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (SLT) jeopardizes periodontal health and also produces an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants (AO) such as glutathione. Glutathione is an important redox regulator in saliva and its maintenance is essential for periodontal health. Periodontitis patients have a reduced total AO capacity in whole saliva, and periodontal therapy restores the redox balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18332/tpc/115062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291912PMC

[CHANGES OF SALIVARY CORTISOL LEVELS IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC GINGIVITIS].

Georgian Med News 2020 Apr(301):74-77

Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Therapeutic Dentistry of Children and Adolescents, Georgia.

Periodontal diseases are widespread in children and adolescents. By the information of World Health Organization, 80% of children have different degrees of inflammatory periodontal diseases, that often develop from the ages of 10-11 years. Pathology of periodontal tissues is developed when there is a disproportional growth and development of tissue structure, as within the system, also in the systems and structures that provide entire organism, which itself supplements the development of periodontal diseases in juveniles. Read More

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Gingivitis influences oral health-related quality of life in adolescents: findings from a cohort study.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 5;23:e200051. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Stomatology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - Santa Maria, (RS), Brazil.

Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is affected by different clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gingivitis on OHRQoL in adolescents.

Methodology: This cohort study consisted of a random sample of 1,134 schoolchildren enrolled during 2012, in Santa Maria, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200051DOI Listing

Clinical presentation and diagnostic delay in pemphigus vulgaris: A prospective study from Turkey.

J Oral Pathol Med 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Background: To evaluate the diagnostic patterns and factors that may influence delays in the diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) with oral involvement.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 36 newly diagnosed PV patients with oral involvement were clinically examined and interviewed about the natural history of the oral lesions, number of medical consultations (Med consultation), medical treatment history, and diagnostic delay time (DD time).

Results: Thirty (83%) PV patients presented initially with oral mucosal involvement (OMI) and 6 (17%) presented initially with skin involvement (SI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.13052DOI Listing

Preoperative Mouthwash in Subjects with Different Periodontal Status: A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2020 ;18(3):433-440

Purpose: The effects of three preoperative mouthwashes on salivary bacterial levels were evaluated and compared between subjects with differing periodontal status.

Materials And Methods: Based on periodontal parameters, periodontally healthy individuals (n = 60) and those with gingivitis (n = 60) and periodontitis (n = 60) were randomly assigned to a single preoperative dose of chlorhexidine (CHX), essential oils (EO), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) or negative control mouthwashes. Saliva samples were collected between 8:00 and 11:00 a. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a44308DOI Listing

Are Information Technologies Capable of Stimulating the Use of Dental Floss by Adolescents? A Cluster Randomised Clinical Trial.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2020 ;18(3):427-432

Purpose: To analyse the effect of information technologies on improving the frequency of the use of dental floss among adolescents.

Materials And Methods: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was conducted with 291 adolescents (mean age: 16.1 years) in three phases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a44684DOI Listing

Periodontal Inflammation and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease.

Curr Atheroscler Rep 2020 Jun 8;22(7):28. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Cardiology, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School-UQ School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, 20814, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The role of oral bacteremia and periodontal inflammation driving atherosclerosis is still under investigation. This review article highlights the role of periodontal inflammation and oral microorganisms in the development and progression of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.

Recent Findings: Association between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases has been well characterized, but causal correlation is yet to be established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11883-020-00848-6DOI Listing

[Chemical additives in toothpastes to inhibit calculus formation].

Swiss Dent J 2020 Jun;130(6):503-513

Klinik für Parodontologie und periimplantäre Erkrankungen, Medizinisches Zentrum für Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde der Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Deutschland.

Dental calculus has a secondary effect on the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases by harboring bacterial biofilm on its rough surfaces. Consequently, professional removal of both calculus and biofilm is a crucial part of the therapy and prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis. Today, crystal growth inhibitors such as zinc ions in the form of zinc chloride or zinc citrate, and pyrophosphates alone or in combination with copolymer are added to toothpastes to prevent the mineralization of the dental biofilm. Read More

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Comparison of salivary cytokines levels among individuals with Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and normoactive.

J Clin Exp Dent 2020 May 1;12(5):e446-e451. Epub 2020 May 1.

DDS, MSc, PhD, Associate Professor, Individuals with Special Needs, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul University São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) present increased susceptibility to infections and high prevalence of periodontal disease. The objective of this study is to evaluate the salivary concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNFα and IL-12p70 of DS individuals and compare to cerebral palsy (CP) and normoactive patients (all with gingivitis).

Material And Methods: Twenty-two individuals with DS, 24 with CP and 22 normoactive participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.56336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263772PMC

Strawberry gingivitis - First sign of Wegener's granulomatosis.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Jan-Apr;24(1):172-175. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Wegener's Granulomatosis (WG) is an immunologically mediated rare multisystem disease characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation affecting the upper and lower respiratory tracts, disseminated vasculitis and glomerulonephritis. WG oral lesions are reported to occur in 6%-13% of patients; they were an initial presenting feature in only 2% of cases. A case of strawberry gingivitis as the first sign of WG presented with erythematous and painful localized gingival enlargement affecting the maxillary anterior region of jaw in a 17-year-old boy is reported here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_3_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7269271PMC

Oral Manifestations in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Oral Dis 2020 Jun 7. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

University of Pittsburgh, United States.

Martín Carreras-Presas et al. (2020) reported a case in May in Oral Diseases that they suggested was the first case report describing of a COVID-19 patient with oral manifestations including oral pain, desquamative gingivitis, ulcers and blisters. Galván Casas et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7300985PMC

Improving Oral Health and Modulating the Oral Microbiome to Reduce Bloodstream Infections from Oral Organisms in Pediatric and Young Adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Recipients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Division of Bone Marrow Transplant and Immune Deficiency, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Bloodstream infections (BSIs) from oral organisms are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. There are no proven strategies to decrease BSIs from oral organisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of daily xylitol wipes in improving oral health, decreasing BSI from oral organisms, and modulating the oral microbiome in pediatric HSCT recipients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.05.019DOI Listing

Oral Fluid Biomarkers for Diagnosing Gingivitis in Human: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Clin Med 2020 Jun 3;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Periodontology, Research Institute of Periodontal Regeneration, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul 120-749, Korea.

Diagnoses based on oral fluid biomarkers have been introduced to overcome limitations of periodontal probe-based diagnoses. Diagnostic ability of certain biomarkers for periodontitis have been identified and widely studied, however, such studies targeting gingivitis is scarce. The aims of this study were to determine and compare the efficacies and accuracies of eight biomarkers in diagnosing gingivitis with the aid of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061720DOI Listing

Periodontal conditions, retinopathy, and serum markers in individuals with type 1 diabetes.

J Periodontol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.

Background: The prevalence of diabetes is high and increasing. Periodontitis has been identified as a risk factor in both type 1 and 2 diabetes. The study purpose was to assess periodontal conditions, retinopathy, and serum glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA) titers in relation to retinopathy in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.19-0641DOI Listing

Childhood Oral Infections Associate with Adulthood Metabolic Syndrome: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

J Dent Res 2020 Jun 1:22034520929271. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Chronic oral infection/inflammation is cross-sectionally associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults, but there are few longitudinal studies and studies on childhood oral infections and adult MetS risk. We investigated whether childhood clinical parameters indicative of oral infection/inflammation were associated with adulthood MetS and its components. A total of 755 children aged 6, 9, and 12 y underwent a clinical oral examination in 1980 as part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034520929271DOI Listing

Association between oral health-related quality of life and periodontal status in patients with leukemia.

Int Dent J 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Periodontics Unit, Department of Stomatology, Dental School, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQol) and periodontal status in patients with leukemia.

Methods: A total of 55 patients with leukemia (42.09 ± 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idj.12576DOI Listing

Safety and efficacy of a novel toothbrush utilizing RF energy for the reduction of plaque, calculus and gingivitis.

Am J Dent 2020 Jun;33(3):151-156

Salus Research, Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the ToothWave radiofrequency (RF) toothbrush in the reduction of plaque, calculus and gingival inflammation, as compared to a standard powered toothbrush accepted by the American Dental Association (ADA).

Methods: This was a single-blind, double arm, prospective study. Subjects were randomized to one of two treatment groups, receiving either the RF powered toothbrush or a control powered toothbrush, and performing twice daily brushing for a test period of 6 weeks. Read More

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Interdental Cleaning and Oral Health Status in an Adult Cohort, 2015 to 2018.

J Dent Res 2020 May 28:22034520926139. Epub 2020 May 28.

Division of Oral Epidemiology and Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Interdental cleaning is routinely recommended, despite limited evidence supporting efficacy to prevent advanced oral disease endpoints, such as caries and periodontal disease. We aimed to examine associations between interdental cleaning and oral health in a large, generalizable prospective cohort of adults in the United States. Data were drawn from wave 3 (2015 to 2016, = 26,086 included in analysis) and wave 4 (2016 to 2018, = 22,585) of the adult component (age ≥18 y) of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034520926139DOI Listing

Association between Periodontal Diseases and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2020 May 23;9(5). Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, University Hospital Doctor Peset-FISABIO, 46017 Valencia, Spain.

Background: A convergent association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and periodontal disease, in particular chronic periodontitis (CP), has recently been proposed. The underlying molecular mechanisms of this association are not fully understood, though it is thought that chronic inflammation is responsible. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal disease-gingivitis and CP-and PCOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290429PMC

Antimicrobial effects of mustard oil-containing plants against oral pathogens: an in vitro study.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 May 24;20(1):156. Epub 2020 May 24.

Center for Infectious Diseases, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The present study examines the antimicrobial activity of nasturtium herb (Tropaeoli maji herba) and horseradish root (Armoraciae rusticanae radix) against clinically important oral bacterial pathogens involved in periodontitis, gingivitis, pulpitis, implantitis and other infectious diseases.

Methods: A total of 15 oral pathogens, including members of the genera Campylobacter, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Parvimonas, Porphyromonas, Tanerella, Veillonella, and HACEK organisms, were exposed to [1] a combination of herbal nasturtium and horseradish using a standardized gas test and [2] a mixture of synthetic Isothiocyantes (ITCs) using an agardilution test. Headspace gas chromatography mass spectrometry was employed to quantify the amount of allyl-, benzyl-, and 2- phenyl- ethyl-ITC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-02953-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247255PMC

[Dynamics of crystallogenic properties of the oral fluid and periodontal status when using toothpaste with fluoride].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2020 ;99(2):40-44

Kirov State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Kirov, Russia.

The of the study was to assess the efficacy of parodontax complex anti-inflammatory toothpaste with fluorine for treatment of moderate catarrhal gingivitis.

Material And Methods: Within 6 weeks a group of students was observed, which was divided into 2 subgroups depending on the activity of the carious process and with characteristic changes in crystalloscopy of the oral fluid. Clinical trials of parodontax anti-inflammatory toothpaste with fluorine were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/stomat20209902140DOI Listing

[Influence of different type of toothbrushes on the incidence of enamel demineralization and gingivitis in the course of orthodontic treatment].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2020 ;99(2):34-39

Central Research Institute of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

The aim of the study was to determine the likelihood and frequency of complications, the impact of the use of various types of toothbrushes in the dynamics of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances in patients with a distal permanent bite. The clinical study was conducted on 63 patients of both sexes, aged 11-18 years. Patients received long-term orthodontic treatment for a close tooth position with a distal permanent bite (K07. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/stomat20209902134DOI Listing

Assessment of Periodontal Parameters Following the Use of Fixed and Removable Space Maintainers in 6-12-year Olds.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2019 Sep-Oct;12(5):405-409

Department of Pedodontics, Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: Placement of fixed space maintainer (FSM) and removable space maintainer (RSM) may increase the risk of gingivitis in children. This study aimed to assess the effect of using FSMs and RSMs on periodontal parameters in 6-12-year olds.

Materials And Methods: This interventional prospective study was conducted on systemically healthy 6-12-year olds (mean age of 8 years) presenting at the Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University requiring space maintainers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229357PMC

Comparison of clinical efficacy and patient acceptance of interdental brush and silicone coated interdental pick: a randomized split-mouth, prospective clinical trial.

Clin Oral Investig 2020 Jun 19;24(6):2121-2127. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Periodontology, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this split-mouth, prospective controlled study was to compare the effects of two different interdental devices on clinical plaque elimination, gingival bleeding and patient acceptance and comfort.

Materials And Methods: Thirty participants who had been diagnosed with gingivitis were included in the study. After professional oral prophylaxis and a 3-day washout period, patients were advised to use two test devices (TePe Interdental Brushes Original and TePe EasyPick™, Malmö, Sweden) according to instructions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-020-03293-6DOI Listing

Gingival bleeding and calculus among 12-year-old Chinese adolescents: a multilevel analysis.

BMC Oral Health 2020 May 19;20(1):147. Epub 2020 May 19.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR China.

Background: Gingivitis is a common oral health problem, and untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. The objectives of this study were to (1) explore associated factors of gingival bleeding and calculus among 12-year-old adolescents; (2) find predictive models for gingivitis management.

Methods: Four thousand five hundred twenty-five subjects aged 12 in Sichuan Province were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-01125-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238592PMC

Influence of the FIV Status and Chronic Gingivitis on Feline Oral Microbiota.

Pathogens 2020 May 16;9(5). Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, Pirassununga 13635-900, Brazil.

Feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) has an unclear pathogenesis with the oral microbiome and viral infections, such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), thought to contribute. Although the relationship between the FIV status and FCGS is not clear, one theory is FIV-induced immune dysregulation could contribute to oral dysbiosis, promoting FCGS development. To further understand the relationship between FCGS, FIV infection, and the oral microbiome, oral cavities of forty cats fitting within 4 groups (FIV- without gingivitis, FIV+ without gingivitis, FIV- with gingivitis, FIV+ with gingivitis) were swabbed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9050383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7281021PMC

Associations between obesity, dental caries, erosive tooth wear and periodontal disease in adolescents: a case-control study.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Oral Health Research Group ORHE, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090, Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose: To compare oral health [dental caries, periodontal status, and erosive tooth wear (ETW)], diet and oral hygiene habits between obese and normal weight adolescents, and to explore possible risk associations.

Methods: In this case-control study, a convenience sample of 71 obese adolescents (age range 11-18) from a rehabilitation centre, and 54 age-sex-matched normal weight adolescents were selected for this study. Groups were defined using the Body Mass Index and growth curves for Flemish adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-020-00534-wDOI Listing

Effects of Herbal Mouthwashes on Plaque and Inflammation Control for Patients with Gingivitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 20;2020:2829854. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No. 14, Section 3, South Renmin Road, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the overall effects of herbal mouthwashes as supplements to daily oral hygiene on plaque and inflammation control compared with placebos and chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwashes in the treatment of gingivitis.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and grey literature databases were searched. Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing herbal mouthwashes with placebos or CHX in the daily oral hygiene of patient with gingivitis were included to compare the effect of different mouthwashes on plaque and inflammation control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2829854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201456PMC
January 2020

Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecule-3 Suppresses Tumor Necrosis Factor-- and Interleukin-1-Induced Expression of Junctional Molecules on Human Gingival Fibroblasts via the Heme Oxygenase-1 Pathway.

Mediators Inflamm 2020 28;2020:6302391. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of VIP Center, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Shandong University & Shandong Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration & Shandong Engineering Laboratory for Dental Materials and Oral Tissue Regeneration, No. 44-1 Wenhua Road West, 250012 Jinan, Shandong, China.

Human gingival fibroblast barrier dysfunction caused by inflammation contributes to gingivitis and can lead to inflammatory periodontal disease. The disease features include upregulated epithelial permeability, increased inflammatory mediators, and downregulated junctional complex molecules. Carbon monoxide- (CO-) releasing molecule-3 (CORM-3) is a water-soluble compound that has demonstrated anti-inflammatory effects in and studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6302391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204158PMC

Deep learning-based dental plaque detection on primary teeth: a comparison with clinical assessments.

BMC Oral Health 2020 May 13;20(1):141. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Research Center of Engineering and Technology for Digital Dentistry of Ministry of Health & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Beijing, 100081, China.

Background: Dental plaque causes many common oral diseases (e.g., caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-01114-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222297PMC
May 2020
1.147 Impact Factor

Curcumin for the management of periodontal diseases: a review.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Biotechnology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Iran.

Periodontal disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss among adults. Research shows that inflammation is one of the crucial components in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. Various herbal medicines have recently been receiving attention for the management of periodontitis owing to their general safety and efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612826666200513112607DOI Listing
May 2020
3.452 Impact Factor

Comparison of antiplaque effectiveness of herbal toothpaste: A randomized triple-blinded cross-over clinical trial.

Ayu 2019 Apr-Jun;40(2):109-113. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Oral Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Cleansing the teeth with a toothbrush and paste is an indubitable mechanical plaque control method practiced by almost everyone. Eliminating dental plaque is an essential, fundamental and mandatory step to prevent the occurrence of periodontal diseases that are rife globally. The aim of the present study is to compare the antiplaque effectiveness of a prepared herbal and commercially available dentifrice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ayu.AYU_185_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210816PMC

Confocal Raman microscopy to identify bacteria in oral subgingival biofilm models.

PLoS One 2020 11;15(5):e0232912. Epub 2020 May 11.

Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology, Stuttgart, Germany.

The study of oral disease progression, in relation to the accumulation of subgingival biofilm in gingivitis and periodontitis is limited, due to either the ability to monitor plaque in vitro. When compared, optical spectroscopic techniques offer advantages over traditional destructive or biofilm staining approaches, making it a suitable alternative for the analysis and continued development of three-dimensional structures. In this work, we have developed a confocal Raman spectroscopy analysis approach towards in vitro subgingival plaque models. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232912PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7213720PMC