15,322 results match your criteria Gingivitis

Community-based Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries among Kindergarten Children in Vietnam: A 12-month Study of Field Trial.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2022 Feb 1;23(2):135-142. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Institute for Community Health Research, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue City, Vietnam; Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue City, Vietnam, e-mail:

Aim: To investigate the status of dental caries and assess the effectiveness of dental caries prevention interventions in children from 3 to 5-year-old in Hue City, Vietnam.

Materials And Methods: The subjects were 464 children and their direct caregivers at some kindergartens in Hue City from June 2020 to October 2021. The study included two consecutive phases: the first one was a cross-sectional study to identify the rate of dental caries and related factors in the studied kindergartens, and phase 2 was a controlled comparative interventional study for a period of 12 months. Read More

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February 2022

Oral Health, Antimicrobials and Care for Patients With Chronic Oral Diseases - A Review of Knowledge and Treatment Strategies.

Front Oral Health 2022 7;3:866695. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Centre for Host-Microbiome Interactions, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Periodontal and chronic oral mucosal diseases are significant life impacting conditions which may co-exist and synergistically act to cause more severe and widespread oral pathology with enhanced challenges in effective management. Clinicians regularly observe these effects and struggle to effectively manage both problems in many patients. There is limited understanding of many basic and applied scientific elements underpinning potentially shared aetiopathological features and management. Read More

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Evidence on the Use of Mouthwash for the Control of Supragingival Biofilm and Its Potential Adverse Effects.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 May 28;11(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Division of Cariology, Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry & Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata 951-8514, Japan.

Antimicrobial mouthwash improves supragingival biofilm control when used in conjunction with mechanical removal as part of an oral hygiene routine. Mouthwash is intended to suppress bacterial adhesion during biofilm formation processes and is not aimed at mature biofilms. The most common evidence-based effects of mouthwash on the subgingival biofilm include the inhibition of biofilm accumulation and its anti-gingivitis property, followed by its cariostatic activities. Read More

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Fully digital workflow for the fabrication of a tooth-colored space maintainer for a young patient.

Ju-Hyoung Lee

J Esthet Restor Dent 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Predoctoral Clinical Education, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Preventive orthodontic therapy with a band and loop is recommended to reduce the prevalence and severity of malocclusion on premature loss of a primary molar. However, when young patients are less cooperative and have a severe gag reflex, using traditional impression methods may be challenging. The use of a conventional metal space maintainer (SM) requires manual laboratory procedures and does not provide optimal esthetics. Read More

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Expression of Wnt signaling agonists and antagonists in periodontitis and healthy subjects, before and after non-surgical periodontal treatment: A systematic review.

J Periodontal Res 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Division of Periodontology, Department of Developmental and Surgical Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Periodontitis is a preventable and treatable multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease that can lead to irreversible periodontal destruction and tooth loss. Wnt signaling and its regulators play an important role in periodontal inflammation, destruction, regeneration, and reconstruction. This systematic review aimed at investigating the involvement of Wnt signaling agonists and antagonists in periodontitis and healthy subjects, before and after periodontal treatment. Read More

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J Evid Based Dent Pract 2022 06 26;22(2):101709. Epub 2022 Feb 26.

Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milano, Milan, Italy; IRCCS Orthopedic Institute Galeazzi, Dental Clinic, Milano, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: Previous studies demonstrated a dose-dependent efficacy of sodium bicarbonate when added to dentifrices for the mechanical control of dental biofilm. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a 67% sodium bicarbonate-based toothpaste for gingival health parameters improvement in subjects with gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: An electronic search on MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), was performed using a combination of keywords, followed by a hand search on pertinent Journals. Read More

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J Evid Based Dent Pract 2022 06 31;22(2):101727. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Article Title And Bibliographic Information: Sadeq A. Al-Maweri, Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Esraa A. Deshisha, Ameera K. Read More

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Effect of the COVID-19 Mitigation Measure on Dental Care Needs in 17 Countries: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis.

Front Public Health 2022 31;10:890469. Epub 2022 May 31.

Institute of Development Studies, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: The effect of COVID-19 mitigation measures on different oral health care needs is unclear. This study aimed to estimate the effect of COVID-19 mitigation measures on different types of oral health care utilization needs and explore the heterogeneity of such effects in different countries by using real-time Internet search data.

Methods: Data were obtained from Google Trends and other public databases. Read More

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Periodontal disease severity, tooth loss, and periodontal stability in private practice.

E Elemek

Niger J Clin Pract 2022 Jun;25(6):931-937

Department of Periodontology, Gelişim University Faculty of Dentistry, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: Periodontal disease diagnosis and its stability after treatment are still a field of interest for both researchers and clinicians.

Aims: First aim of this study was to implement the new periodontal classification for the reflection of periodontitis severity in private practice. Second, periodontal stability and tooth loss were observed in patients who attended supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). Read More

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Drug-Coated Floss to Treat Gum Diseases: In Vitro and In Vivo Characterization.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409, United States.

Treatment of gum disease often requires antibiotic treatment. In this study, our objective was to advance the practicality of drug-coated floss as an intra gum pocket drug delivery system. The initial design of this delivery system has been previously reported by us. Read More

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Evaluation of Antiprotease Activity of Selected Traditional Medicinal Herbs in Dentistry and Its In Silico PASS Prediction.

Biomed Res Int 2022 6;2022:5870443. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Puthisastra, Phnom Penh 12211, Cambodia.

Background: Dental/oral diseases are one of the significant public health problems globally. Herbal medicines for managing oral diseases are considered an effective alternative to synthetic compounds due to their lower side effect. and are used to control and prevent oral inflammations in dentistry. Read More

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Health promotion through structured oral hygiene and good tooth alignment.

GMS Hyg Infect Control 2022 10;17:Doc08. Epub 2022 May 10.

Preventive & Pediatric Dentistry, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Aim: Periodontal diseases and caries are two of the most common forms of chronic degenerative diseases, with consequences not only for the oral cavity manifesting as tooth loss, orofacial pain and xerostomia, but also with effects on the cardiovascular system and, in the elderly, on the pneumonia rate. This can be prevented or controlled by structured oral hygiene.

Method: Based on a systematic literature search in PubMed, the possibilities for ensuring structured oral hygiene are analyzed. Read More

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Topical application of into the gingival pocket in mice leads to chronic‑active infection, periodontitis and systemic inflammation.

Int J Mol Med 2022 Aug 15;50(2). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

The Shapiro Family Laboratory of Viral Oncology and Aging Research, UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

(), one of the 'red‑complex' perio‑pathogens known to play a critical role in the development of periodontitis, has been used in various animal models to mimic human bacteria‑induced periodontitis. In order to achieve a more realistic animal model of human infection, the present study investigated whether repeated small‑volume topical applications of directly into the gingival pocket can induce local infection, including periodontitis and systemic vascular inflammation in wild‑type mice. Freshly cultured was topically applied directly into the gingival pocket of the second molars for 5 weeks (3 times/week). Read More

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Granulomatosis with polyangiitis in gingiva: A rare case of isolated presentation.

Intractable Rare Dis Res 2022 May;11(2):93-95

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, India.

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by necrotising granulomatous inflammation of upper and lower respiratory tract, vasculitis and glomerulonephritis. This ailment may present with cough, haemoptysis, sinusitis, nasal deformity, skin lesions, malaise, fever, anorexia, and weight loss. Oral manifestation includes strawberry gingivitis, which is a pathognomonic clinical presentation. Read More

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Meta-analysis of the association between periodontal disease, periodontal treatment and carotid intima-media thickness.

J Periodontal Res 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Stomatology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Periodontal disease is a major threat to oral health and would further contribute to systemic diseases without timely control. We aimed to evaluate the relation between periodontal disease, periodontal treatment and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) based on available epidemiological and clinical evidence. PubMed and Scopus were searched for relevant studies through May 2021. Read More

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Noma staging: a review.

Trop Med Health 2022 Jun 13;50(1):40. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

, 111 Portman Place, Fir Avenue, Bantry Bay, Cape Town, 8005, South Africa.

Noma is a bacterial, non-communicable, grossly destructive and disfiguring necrotising oro-facial disease. It is rare, but occurs most commonly in chronically malnourished children with other debilitating illnesses, in remote, poverty-stricken communities, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa, and much more rarely in central Latin America and in parts of Asia. In South Africa and in Zimbabwe, noma is observed, again rarely, in immunosuppressed HIV-seropositive subjects. Read More

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Self-perception of periodontal health and pain experience during periodontal examination in 14- to 15-year-old Danish adolescents.

Acta Odontol Scand 2022 Jun 12:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: To evaluate different aspects of periodontal examination among Danish adolescents.

Materials And Methods: In all, 521 Danish adolescents underwent a periodontal examination and answered a questionnaire concerning their self-perception of periodontal health (PH). Furthermore, 107 participants reported their pain experience during periodontal examination using a visual analog scale. Read More

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Implementing of aMMP-8 point-of-care test with a modified new disease classification in Finnish adolescent cohorts.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Periodontitis is a multifactorial biofilm-induced inflammatory disease; however, clinical and radiographic information reflects events that have already occurred. aMMP-8 lateral-flow chairside or point-of-care-test (POC-test) results have also come to complement the overall status of the patient's current situation. The current study aimed to clarify the usefulness of aMMP-8 chairside-test (aMMP-8 POCT) results to alert the initial or early periodontitis in adolescents, a potential periodontitis risk group with cut off 20 ng/ml in Stage I periodontitis, according to the current periodontitis classification system. Read More

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Effect of inflammation on bones in diabetic patients with periodontitis via RANKL/OPG system-A review.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2022 Jun 29;21(1):1003-1009. Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002, India.

Purpose: Diabetes mellitus and periodontitis are inflammatory diseases, the severity of inflammation results in the progression and persistence of both the disorders and affects bones. Diabetic complications aggravate in diabetic subjects having periodontitis; similarly, diabetic patients are more prone to developing gingivitis and periodontitis. Periodontal and diabetic inflammation disturbs bone homeostasis, which possibly involves both innate and adaptive immune responses. Read More

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Lemierre Syndrome Due to : A Case Report.

Infect Drug Resist 2022 31;15:2763-2771. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute, Aichi, 480-1195, Japan.

Although is a commensal microorganism of the oral cavity, it may sometimes cause severe systemic infections. We report a case of Lemierre syndrome (LS), which developed after infection, in a 73-year-old Japanese woman who was admitted to the hospital for throat pain, neck swelling, and fever for 3 days. She had a 3-month history of neglected dental caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis. Read More

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An Evaluation of Periodontal Status and Cytokine Levels in Saliva and Gingival Crevicular Fluid of Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

J Periodontol 2022 Jun 5. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aims: Periodontal diseases and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD, ulcerative colitis [UC] and Crohn's disease [CD]) have been reported to present with increased salivary and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) concentrations of cytokines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the salivary and GCF levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10, and IL-17A and their associations with the periodontal statuses of UC, CD and non-IBD patients, and to analyze the interrelationships among these cytokines, IBD conditions, and periodontal diseases.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed with a total of 131 patients (62 women and 69 men, mean age 42. Read More

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Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Magnetized Water and Its Comparison with Chlorhexidine 0.2% in Young Children for 3 Weeks.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2022 Jan 1;23(1):83-88. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bihar, India.

Aim: The goal of this study was to compare the effects of magnetized water and 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash on gingivitis and plaque prevention in children aged 12-15 years for a period of 21 days.

Materials And Methods: A total of 24 youngsters between the ages of 12 and 15 years were chosen. Read More

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January 2022

Habits, Practices and Beliefs Regarding Floss and Mouthrinse among Habitual and Non-Habitual Users.

J Dent Hyg 2022 Jun;96(3):46-58

Salus Research, Inc., 1220 Medical Park Drive, Building 4, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46825 USA.

The purpose of this survey was to investigate how flossing and rinsing behaviors impact individual beliefs about oral disease risk, the efficacy of floss and mouthrinse, and the perceived benefits and barriers of floss and mouthrinse.Participants in this required component of a 12-week plaque and gingivitis randomized clinical trial on flossing and rinsing regimens completed a paper questionnaire prior to randomization and baseline/screening measurements.All of the clinical trial participants (n=213) completed the questionnaire. Read More

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Efficacy of Flossing and Mouthrinsing Regimens on Plaque and Gingivitis: A randomized clinical trial.

J Dent Hyg 2022 Jun;96(3):8-20

Salus Research, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Flossing is a well-known component of daily recommended oral care regimens, but patients often find it challenging to perform effectively on a regular basis. The purpose of this 12-week supervised clinical trial was to investigate the effects of twice daily rinsing with a mouthrinse containing a fixed combination of four essential oils (4EO) and supervised daily dental flossing regimens as compared to a negative control 5% hydroalcohol rinse (NC) on the prevention and reduction of plaque, gingivitis, and gingival bleeding.Volunteer participants who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into the following groups for the 12- week trial: 1) NC; 2) mouthrinse containing 4EO; 3) professional flossing performed by a dental hygienist (FBH); 4) supervised self-flossing (FUS). Read More

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Role of Manual Dexterity on Mechanical and Chemotherapeutic Oral Hygiene Regimens.

J Dent Hyg 2022 Jun;96(3):35-45

Dr. Angela M. Cecil Consulting, Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX, USA.

Effective use of mechanical plaque control devices can depend on individual manual dexterity levels. The purpose of this component of a 12-week, virtually-supervised clinical trial was to investigate the role of manual dexterity on clinical outcomes for gingivitis, as measured by the relationship between manual dexterity scores on the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT) and the effects of various mechanical and chemotherapeutic oral hygiene regimens.This was a single-center, examiner blinded, randomized, four-treatment arm, parallel group, 12-week plaque and gingivitis study. Read More

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Comparative Effectiveness of Toothbrushing, Flossing and Mouthrinse Regimens on Plaque and Gingivitis: A 12-week virtually supervised clinical trial.

J Dent Hyg 2022 Jun;96(3):21-34

Salus Research, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Various mechanical and chemotherapeutic methods are used to control dental plaque accumulation and prevent or reduce gingivitis. The purpose of this 12-week clinical trial was to investigate the effects of various combinations of supervised mechanical and chemotherapeutic regimens on the prevention and reduction of plaque, gingivitis, and gingival bleeding.Volunteers presenting with some evidence of gingivitis and no severe periodontitis were randomized into four groups: brush only (BO); brush/rinse (BR); brush/floss (BF); brush/floss/rinse (BFR) for this examiner-blinded clinical trial. Read More

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Chlorpheniramine, an Old Drug with New Potential Clinical Applications: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature.

Curr Rev Clin Exp Pharmacol 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Bradenton, FL, USA.

Chlorpheniramine Maleate (CPM), also known as chlorphenamine, is a potent alkylamine first-generation H1 antihistamine that has been around since the 1950s. CPM is a widely popular drug commonly used to treat allergic conditions, given its antihistamine properties. Although mainly used in over-the-counter treatment for cough and colds, various studies discuss a wide range of CPM's clinical uses, such as treating asthma, plasma cell gingivitis, chronic urticaria, depression, among others. Read More

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Prevalence and correlates of periodontitis among Kenyan women planning to conceive.

BMC Oral Health 2022 May 31;22(1):216. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359909, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

Background: Periodontitis has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the burden and risk factors for periodontitis among reproductive age women in sub-Saharan Africa. This analysis aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of periodontitis among Kenyan women planning to conceive. Read More

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Oral Microbiota Populations of Adult Dogs Consuming Wet or Dry Foods.

J Anim Sci 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 USA.

Oral microbiota play a prominent role in canine periodontal disease and wet foods are often blamed for poor oral health, but canine oral microbial communities have been poorly studied. We aimed to determine differences in oral health measures, breath odor, and oral microbiota populations of dogs fed wet or dry food. Twelve adult dogs fed either a commercial dry (extruded) or commercial wet (canned) food for 6 wk were studied. Read More

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Bioelectric effect utilized a healthcare device for effective management of dental biofilms and gingivitis.

Med Eng Phys 2022 06 17;104:103804. Epub 2022 Apr 17.

Proxihealthcare Advanced Institute for Science and Technology (PAIST), Seoul, Korea.

Oral healthcare is a critical condition for high quality of life. According to statistics, gingivitis is one of major diseases in the world (The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019, 3.5 billion population worldwide). Read More

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