14,883 results match your criteria Gingivitis


Periodontal condition of mandibular incisors treated with modified Kazanjian vestibuloplasty compared to untreated sites: A prospective study.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Background: A shallow vestibule, insufficient keratinized tissue width and pulling of marginal gingiva may be associated with gingival recession, plaque accumulation and gingivitis. Conventional techniques for treatment of gingival recession use autogenous or allogenic grafts. However, these methods result in soreness at the donor site and pose an economic burden, which may cause patients to withdraw from treatment. Read More

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Can Contribute to Alzheimer's Disease Already at the Stage of Gingivitis?

Authors:
Ingar Olsen

J Alzheimers Dis Rep 2021 Apr 6;5(1):237-241. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been associated with periodontitis, which starts as gingivitis. Similar to periodontitis, gingivitis bacteria, bacterial products, and inflammatory mediators can travel to the brain via the blood stream and promote brain inflammation. Periodontal pathogens such as and both associated with AD, have been found in dental plaque of children already at the age of 3. Read More

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Effect of exopolysaccharides from cariogenic bacteria on human gingival fibroblasts.

Int J Med Sci 2021 13;18(12):2666-2672. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Health and Physical Culture, State Higher Vocational School, 64-100 Leszno, Poland.

Bacterial biofilm (dental plaque) plays a key role in caries etiopathogenesis and chronic periodontitis in humans. Dental plaque formation is determined by exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced by cariogenic and periopathogenic bacteria. The most frequent cariogenic bacteria include oral streptococci (in particular ) and lactobacilli (most frequently ). Read More

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The Oral Health of Patients with DiGeorge Syndrome (22q11) Microdeletion: A Case Report.

Appl Clin Genet 2021 1;14:267-277. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Congenital Abnormalities and Rare Disease Centre (CIACER), Cali, Colombia.

Background: DiGeorge syndrome (DG) is a genetic disorder associated with 22q11 deletion. It involves various phenotypes, including craniofacial abnormalities, congenital heart disorders, endocrine dysfunction, cognitive deficits, and psychiatric disorders. Cases commonly involve multiple anomalies. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of efficacy and patient reported outcome measures of oral hygiene instruction methods for calibrated interdental brush.

Int J Dent Hyg 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Periodontology, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, 562157, India.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and patient reported outcome measures of oral hygiene instruction methods for calibrated interdental brush.

Materials And Methods: A total of 60 participants, with 30 each in control and test group participated in the study. Clinical examination included Gingival Index, Full mouth bleeding scores and Approximal plaque index. Read More

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Differential DNA methylation and mRNA transcription in gingival tissues in periodontal health and disease.

J Clin Periodontol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Division of Periodontics, Section of Oral, Diagnostic and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Aims: We investigated differential DNA methylation in gingival tissues in periodontal health, gingivitis and periodontitis, and its association with differential mRNA expression.

Materials & Methods: Gingival tissues were harvested from individuals and sites with clinically healthy and intact periodontium; gingivitis; and periodontitis. Samples were processed for differential DNA methylation and mRNA expression using the IlluminaEPIC(850K) and the IlluminaHiSeq2000 platforms, respectively. Read More

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[Evaluation of the effects of plaque and inflammation control on treatment of gingival enlargement].

Authors:
B C Tan F H Yan

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;56(6):510-516

Department of Periodontology, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China.

Gingival enlargement or hypertrophy is one of the common clinical symptoms in patients with periodontitis. Plaque stimulation, hormones and drug use could be the promoting factors for the occurrence of gingival enlargements. This paper reviews the literature on the pathogenesis, treatment methods and the effect of plaque and inflammation control in the treatment of various types of gingival hypertrophy. Read More

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Association of the CD14 -260C/T polymorphism with plaque-induced gingivitis depends on the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Stomatology, Institution Shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Pekarska 664/53, 65691, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Plaque-induced gingivitis is the most prevalent periodontal disease associated with pathogenic biofilms. The host immune system responds to pathogens through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and their co-receptor CD14.

Aim: This study investigated the association between the functional polymorphism in the CD14 gene and the dental plaque microbiota in children with gingivitis. Read More

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Correlation of periodontal diseases with intracranial aneurysm formation: novel predictive indicators.

Chin Neurosurg J 2021 Jun 7;7(1):31. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 119, West Road of South Fourth Ring, Fengtai, Beijing, 100070, People's Republic of China.

Background: We investigated whether periodontal diseases, specifically, periodontitis and gingivitis, could be risk factors of the incidence of intracranial aneurysms (IAs).

Methods: We performed a case-control study to compare the differences in the periodontal disease parameters of 281 cases that were divided into the IAs group and non-IAs group. All cases underwent complete radiographic examination for IAs and examination for periodontal health. Read More

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INITIATING FACTORS OF COMPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT DURING PROSTHETICS OF TEETH WITH FIXED PROSTHESES.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(5):1164-1168

I. HORBACHEVSKY TERNOPIL NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TERNOPIL, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Determination of the factors complications occurrence in prosthetics with metal-ceramic prostheses.

Patients And Methods: Materials andmethods: Clinical, cytological, cytochemical methods and methods of statistical processing of the received data are applied.

Results: Results: A number of factors with different degrees of significance have been identified, which in the dynamics of clinical observations of the percentage of absorbed dispersion are decisive in the development of changes in the gums. Read More

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EFFICIENCY OF TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY PERIODONTAL DISEASES IN PREGNANT WOMEN.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(5):1065-1068

NATIONAL PIROGOV MEMORIAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, VINNYTSIA, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To study the clinical efficciency of the proposed scheme of gingivitis treatment in women with physiological course of pregnancy.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: Clinical approbation of the proposed complex of therapeutic and prophylactic measures was carried out in 32 pregnant women with gingivitis, aged 18 to 35 years. The efficiency of the treatment was assessed by the dynamics of the clinical picture, the index assessment of an oral hygiene and the periodontium condition in each trimester of pregnancy. Read More

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Oral health and caries/gingivitis-associated factors of adolescents aged 12-15 in Shandong province, China: a cross-sectional Oral Health Survey.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Jun 5;21(1):288. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pediatricss Dentistry, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration and Shandong Engineering Laboratory for Dental Materials and Oral Tissue Regeneration, No.44-1 Wenhua Road West, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Background: We aimed to analyse the oral health status of adolescents in Shandong province, including dental caries and gingivitis, and their associated factors.

Methods: Adolescents aged 12-15-years in Shandong province were recruited. Caries and gingival status were assessed following the World Health Organisation diagnostic criteria. Read More

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An atypical presentation of plasma cell gingivitis with generalized skin lesions.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2021 Mar 19;25(Suppl 1):S54-S57. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

This article aims to present a report of an atypical clinical presentation of a plasma cell gingivitis (PCG) case with unusual skin lesions. PCG is a rare benign inflammatory condition which can be classified into Type 4 hypersensitivity reaction. It occurs due to reaction to unknown antigen, often flavoring agents or spices found in chewing gums, toothpastes and lozenges. Read More

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Photodynamic Therapy in Orthodontics: A Literature Review.

Pharmaceutics 2021 May 14;13(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Angiology and Physical Medicine, Center for Laser Diagnostics and Therapy, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland.

Treatment of malocclusions using fixed orthodontic appliances makes it difficult for patients to perform hygiene procedures. Insufficient removal of bacterial biofilm can cause enamel demineralization, manifesting by visible white spot lesions or periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis periodontitis or gingival hyperplasia. The classic methods of preventing the above problems include, in addition to proper hygiene, ultrasonic scaling, periodontal debridement, and oral rinses based on chlorhexidine. Read More

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Oral Diseases and Quality of Life between Obese and Normal Weight Adolescents: A Two-Year Observational Study.

Children (Basel) 2021 May 22;8(6). Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Community Oral Health & Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50350, Malaysia.

This study aimed to investigate the association between oral disease burden and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among overweight/obese (OW/OB) and normal weight (NW) Malaysian adolescents. A total of 397 adolescents were involved in the two-year prospective observational cohort study. OHRQOL was measured through a self-administered questionnaire containing the short version of the Malaysian Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP[M]). Read More

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Indocyanine Green-Assisted and LED-Light-Activated Antibacterial Photodynamic Therapy Reduces Dental Plaque.

Dent J (Basel) 2021 May 3;9(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Congenital Heart Surgery and Organ Transplantation, New Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, 00290 Helsinki, Finland.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and first efficacy of indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted antimicrobial photodynamictherapy (aPDT) as activated using LED light to the dental plaque.

Methods: Fifteen healthy adults were assigned to this four-day randomized study. After rinsing with ICG, 100 J/cm of 810 nm LED light was applied to the aPDT-treatment area. Read More

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Isolation and Characterization of sp. nov., a Novel Species Detected in a Gingivitis Subject.

Pathogens 2021 May 1;10(5). Epub 2021 May 1.

Ecole de Médecine Dentaire, Faculté des Sciences Médicales et Paramédicales, Aix-Marseille Université, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille, France.

species are commensal gliding bacteria that are found in human and animal oral microbiota and are involved in several inflammatory diseases, both in immunocompromised and immunocompetent subjects. This study contributes to increased knowledge of this genus by characterizing a novel species isolated from a dental plaque sample in a male with gingivitis. We investigated morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics using different growth conditions, temperature, and pH. Read More

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Clinical condition of the oral cavity in overweight and obese patients.

Dent Med Probl 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The increasing prevalence of both obesity and periodontal disease in adults has raised interest among researchers in a correlation between these conditions. Obesity is caused by a poorly balanced diet, rich in sugars, that leads to the accumulation of excessive amounts of plaque, which results in the development of gingivitis, periodontitis and caries. It is known that there is a correlation between these 2 disease entities, but the mechanisms of the interaction have not been explored to date. Read More

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Management of difficult airway in a pregnant patient with severely reduced mouth opening.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Mar;71(3):1011-1013

Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Pregnancy is associated with a wide variety of oral and dental changes ranging from gingivitis to odontogenic infections. If left untreated, severe dental abscess can progress to Ludwig's angina, which is a potentially lethal cellulitis that rapidly extends to the neck region and may lead to life-threatening upper airway obstruction. We report the case of a pregnant woman who presented with intense throbbing pain, trismus and severely reduced mouth opening due to dental abscess for the last one week. Read More

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The Relationship Between Periodontal Disease and ABO Blood Groups: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2021 Jan;19(1):295-299

Purpose: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship between ABO blood groups and periodontal diseases.

Materials And Methods: Four hundred sixteen subjects (223 females, 193 males) were recruited according to the eligibility criteria. Periodontal examination was performed, including full-mouth plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), and interproximal bone loss (IBL). Read More

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January 2021

Probiotic therapy for periodontal and peri-implant health - silver bullet or sham?

Benef Microbes 2021 Jun 31;12(3):215-230. Epub 2021 May 31.

Oral Health Academic Clinical Programme, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road, 169857, Singapore.

Probiotics are thought to be beneficial microbes that influence health-related outcomes through host immunomodulation and modulation of the bacteriome. Its reported success in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders has led to further research on its potential applicability within the dental field due to similarities such as a polymicrobial aetiology and disease associated microbial-shifts. Although the literature is replete with studies demonstrating its efficacy, the use of probiotics in dentistry continues to polarise opinion. Read More

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Effect of ultrasonic scaling with adjunctive photodynamic therapy in the treatment of gingival inflammation among diabetic patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 May 27:102360. Epub 2021 May 27.

Professor, Department of Pediatric and Orthodontic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The aim of the present clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of methylene blue-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on the gingival and immunological parameters in diabetic adolescent patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment.

Methods: The selected 40 participants were randomized equally into two groups; Group I (ultrasonic scaling + oral hygiene instructions) and Group II (ultrasonic scaling/oral hygiene instructions + aPDT). Serum HbA1c levels was assessed for all the participants at chairside. Read More

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Fixed Orthodontic Retainers Do Not Seem to Adversely Affect Periodontal Health.

J Evid Based Dent Pract 2021 Mar 11;21(1):101522. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Article Title And Bibliographic Information: The effects of fixed orthodontic retainers on periodontal health: A systematic review. Arn M, Dristas K, Pandis N, Kloukos D. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2020;157:156-64. Read More

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The role of oral microbiome in respiratory health and diseases.

Respir Med 2021 May 20;185:106475. Epub 2021 May 20.

Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Basic and Applied Research of Oral Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Oral Disease, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

The oral cavity (mouth) has various microbial habitats, including, teeth, gingival sulcus, gingiva, tongue, inner cheek, hard palate, and soft palate. The human oral cavity houses the second most diverse microbiome in the body harboring over 700 bacterial species. The fine-tuned equilibrium of the oral microbiome ecosystem maintains oral health. Read More

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Periodontal health education session can improve oral hygiene in patients with gingivitis: A blinded randomized controlled clinical study.

J Periodontol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of a periodontal health education session (PHES), which included education on the pathogenesis and consequences of periodontal diseases on oral hygiene motivation in patients with gingivitis.

Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 50 (26 females and 24 males) patients with gingivitis who underwent periodontal treatment. Subjects were randomly allocated into the PHES group (experimental group) and standard oral hygiene education group (control group). Read More

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The effect of a toothpaste containing oleanolic acid in reducing plaque and gingivitis: a proof-of-concept randomized trial.

Int J Dent Hyg 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of an oleanolic acid (OA)-containing toothpaste in reducing gingival inflammation and plaque in patients with gingivitis.

Methods: This proof-of-concept parallel, double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial included 99 patients. Following a 1-week washout, patients were randomized into three groups: OA group (fluoride toothpaste containing 0. Read More

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Assessment of the Plaque-Induced Gingivitis Patient With and Without Hyaluronic acid and Xylitol Toothpaste.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2021 Mar-Apr;11(2):138-143. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Periodontal Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.

Context: The traditional manner of treatment of periodontal tissue inflammation includes giving information about the problem to the patient, oral motivation, and mechanical scaling and root planning (SRP).

Aims: We aimed at estimating the effect of using toothpaste with hyaluronic acid (Hyaluronan, HA) and xylitol (HAX) as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of plaque-induced gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: Sixty male patients who were in the age group of 20 to 35 years participated in this study. Read More

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Oral manifestations of Covid-19-A literature review.

Rev Med Virol 2021 May 24:e2248. Epub 2021 May 24.

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Initially, it was reported that coronavirus 2019 disease (Covid-19) affects respiratory, gastrointestinal and neurological systems, but the oral, olfactory and integumentary systems are also involved. This review discusses various oral manifestations of Covid-19 reported in the literature along with possible underlying mechanisms. The reported manifestations include taste impairment, oral mucosal changes (petechiae, ulcers, plaque-like lesions, reactivation of herpes simplex virus 1(HSV1), geographical tongue and desquamative gingivitis) and dry mouth. Read More

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Tumour necrosis factor-alpha polymorphism -308 G/a and its protein in subjects with gingivitis.

Acta Odontol Scand 2021 May 22:1-6. Epub 2021 May 22.

Biosciences Research Institute, Los Altos University Center, University of Guadalajara, Tepatitlán de Morelos, México.

Objective: This study examined the association between tumour necrosis factor-alpha ( α (-308 G/A) polymorphism and gingivitis, and serum and salivary TNF- α levels, in a Mexican population.

Material And Methods: This study enrolled 171 subjects, divided into two groups: healthy subjects and gingivitis patients. α (-308 G/A) gene polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP assay. Read More

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Identification of Gingivitis-Related Genes Across Human Tissues Based on the Summary Mendelian Randomization.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2020 6;8:624766. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.

Periodontal diseases are among the most frequent inflammatory diseases affecting children and adolescents, which affect the supporting structures of the teeth and lead to tooth loss and contribute to systemic inflammation. Gingivitis is the most common periodontal infection. Gingivitis, which is mainly caused by a substance produced by microbial plaque, systemic disorders, and genetic abnormalities in the host. Read More

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