13,918 results match your criteria Gingivitis


A Comparison of Oral Hygiene Products and Professional Care: A six-week randomized clinical trial.

J Dent Hyg 2018 Oct;92(5):45-51

To investigate the anti-gingivitis efficacy of a novel oral hygiene routine consisting of a two-step stannous fluoride dentifrice and hydrogen peroxide whitening gel system, an interactive oscillating-rotating electric toothbrush, and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene floss. A total of 52 participants (n=52;mean age 35.8±11. Read More

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October 2018

WITHDRAWN: Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 24;4:CD009857. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Cochrane Croatia, School of Medicine, University of Split, Soltanska 2, Split, Splitsko-dalmatinska County, Croatia, 21 000.

Background: Effective oral hygiene is a crucial factor in maintaining good oral health, which is associated with overall health and health-related quality of life. Dental floss has been used for many years in conjunction with toothbrushing for removing dental plaque in between teeth, however, interdental brushes have been developed which many people find easier to use than floss, providing there is sufficient space between the teeth.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of interdental brushing in addition to toothbrushing, as compared with toothbrushing alone or toothbrushing and flossing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases, dental plaque and dental caries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009857.pub3DOI Listing

Regulation of PGLYRP1 and TREM-1 during Progression and Resolution of Gingival Inflammation.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2019 Apr 23:2380084419844937. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Section of Periodontology and Dental Prevention, Division of Oral Diseases of Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) signaling pathway is stimulated by bacteria and, together with its putative ligand peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1), propagates proinflammatory responses.

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the TREM-1/PGLYRP1/interleukin (IL)-1β regulation in response to biofilm accumulation and removal in an experimental human gingivitis model.

Methods: The study (n = 42 participants, mean age: 23. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2380084419844937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2380084419844937DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

WITHDRAWN: Flossing for the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 23;4:CD008829. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Care, Catholic University of Croatia, Ilica 242, Zagreb, Croatia, 10000.

Background: Good oral hygiene is thought to be important for oral health. This review is to determine the effectiveness of flossing in addition to toothbrushing for preventing gum disease and dental caries in adults.

Objectives: To assess the effects of flossing in addition to toothbrushing, as compared with toothbrushing alone, in the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD008829.pub3DOI Listing

Oral health of cystic fibrosis patients at a north american center: A pilot study.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

415 E Vine Str #304 Milwaukee, WI 53212

Background: The objective of this study was to describe the oral health status of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) children in a US facility.

Material And Methods: Twenty CF children ages 6-18 were recruited from Children's Hospital of Wisconsin Pulmonary Clinic. Parents completed a health questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/medoral.22756DOI Listing

A2ML1 and otitis media: novel variants, differential expression and relevant pathways.

Hum Mutat 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine (CUSOM), Aurora, Colorado, USA.

A genetic basis for otitis media is established, however the role of rare variants in disease etiology is largely unknown. Previously a duplication variant within A2ML1 was identified as a significant risk factor for otitis media in an indigenous Filipino population and in US children. In this report exome and Sanger sequencing was performed using DNA samples from the indigenous Filipino population, Filipino cochlear implantees, US probands, and Finnish and Pakistani families with otitis media. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/humu.23769
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23769DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Periodontal diagnosis, treatment, and referral patterns of general dental practitioners.

J Investig Clin Dent 2019 Apr 21:e12411. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the diagnosis, treatment, and referral patterns of periodontal patients by general dental practitioners (GDP).

Methods: A questionnaire was mailed to registered GDP with publicly-listed postal addresses in Tasmania, Australia. Information was collected on demographics, training and professional development, examination, diagnosis and referral patterns, and periodontal treatment patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jicd.12411DOI Listing

Dietary intake in patients with peripheral arterial disease and concomitant periodontal disease.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 22:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Medical University of Graz,Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Angiology, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz,Austria.

Nutrition plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology and management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and periodontal disease (PD). As PD can have profound effects on an individual's functional ability to eat and can affect nutrient intake, we aimed to evaluate the role of PD severity on dietary intake (DI) and quality in PAD patients and compare it to current dietary recommendations for cardiovascular disease (CVD). PD stages of 421 consecutive PAD patients were determined according to a standardised basic periodontal examination (PSR) ("healthy", "gingivitis", "moderate periodontitis" and "severe periodontitis"). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000850DOI Listing

HIV Status Does Not Worsen Oral Health Outcomes.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh.

Last January 31 , Journal of Clinical Periodontology just made available the report titled "A Retrospective Analysis of Dental Implant Survival in HIV Patients", which concluded that "implants placed in HIV-positive patients had similar survival rates as HIV-negative patients." These data support our hypothesis that infection by HIV does not lead to worse oral health outcomes, including worse periodontitis. We looked 6,092 individuals and selected all HIV-positive subjects (N=73) and matched them by age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking habits with 261 HIV-negative control subjects. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jcpe.13116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Periodontal condition of patients with Thalassemia Major: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Apr 9;102:113-121. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on the association between Thalassemia major (TM) and periodontal condition.

Materials & Methods: MEDLINE via OVID, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Database (including the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTER)), were searched up to September 2018 to identify observational studies eligible for systematic review and meta-analyses. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for quality assessment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039969183090
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Prophylactic protocol for dental care in ligneous gingivitis due to severe plasminogen deficiency: Case report and review of literature.

Haemophilia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Clinical Medicine I, Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Severe plasminogen (PLG) deficiency causes ligneous conjunctivitis, a rare disease characterized by the growth of fibrin-rich pseudomembranes on mucosal surfaces; gums involvement leads to ligneous gingivitis (LG). Specific therapy for LG is not available yet. We report a prophylactic treatment with enoxaparin and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) for invasive dental procedures in a patient with LG, and a review of literature on LG treatment. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/hae.13745
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hae.13745DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Dental treatment procedures for periodontal disease and the subsequent risk of ischemic stroke: a retrospective population-based cohort study.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Dental Technology Centre, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.

Aim: To investigate the association between specific dental therapy for periodontal disease and the risk of ischemic stroke.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study that used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database 2005 for the period of 2000-2013. Our observations focused on patients with the diagnoses of gingivitis or periodontitis with and without specific treatment and subsequent incidence of ischemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13113DOI Listing

Oral manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangiitis - Clinical and radiological assessment.

J Dent Sci 2019 Mar 27;14(1):54-60. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

2nd Department of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

Background/purpose: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a type of primary systemic vasculitis associated with the presence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). GPA mainly affects medium and small vessels and may manifest in different organs, most commonly upper respiratory tract. Oral lesions occur in 6-13% of GPA patients and might be the first symptom observed by the patient. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19917902183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jds.2018.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445982PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The oral health status of Syrian refugee children in Jordan: An exploratory study.

Spec Care Dentist 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Periodontics, School of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman.

Objectives: To examine the oral health status and dental treatment needs of children Syrian refugees in Jordan.

Methods: A convenience sample of Syrian refugee children who aged between 6 and 12 years at al-Zaatari camp was used for the purpose of this study. Examination was performed according to the method proposed by WHO. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/scd.12377
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12377DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

RNA Sequencing Reveals Small and Variable Contributions of Infectious Agents to Transcriptomes of Postmortem Nervous Tissues From Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Alzheimer's Disease and Parkinson's Disease Subjects, and Increased Expression of Genes From Disease-Activated Microglia.

Front Neurosci 2019 28;13:235. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Parkinson's and Movement Disorders Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States.

Nervous tissues from both humans with neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) and animals with genetic models of human NDD, such as rare monogenic causes of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Parkinson's disease (PD), show activated microglia, suggesting a potential causal role for inflammation in pathogenesis of NDD. We performed paired-end (PE) RNA sequencing (RNA seq) of total RNA's extracted from frozen sections of cervical spinal cords from ALS and CTL subjects, frontal cortical gray matter ribbons of AD and CTL subjects, and ventral midbrains of PD and CTL subjects. Trimmed PE reads were aligned against the hg38 human transcriptome using Tophat2/Bowtie2 (ALS) or HISAT2 (AD and PD) and quantitated with Cufflinks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447612PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of the effect of a toothpaste containing Pudilan extract on inhibiting plaques and reducing chronic gingivitis: A randomized, double-blinded, parallel controlled clinical trial.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 10:111870. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Department of Preventive Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, 14#, 3rd Section, Renmin South Road, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Pudilan is a famous traditional Chinese medicine compound which contains several Chinese herbal ingredients, is wildly used to treat a variety of inflammatory diseases in China. Recently, it was reported that Pudilan extract had been used in the oral field, especially in the treat of minor oral ulcers for its anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, antibacterial, clearing heat, and detoxifying effects.

Aim Of The Study: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Pudilan extract-containing toothpaste in controlling plaques and reducing chronic gingivitis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03788741183476
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.111870DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Five year stability of clinical attachment after regenerative treatment of infrabony defects compared to controls.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Dept. of Periodontology, Center for Dentistry and Oral Medicine (Carolinum), Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60596, Frankfurt am Main.

Aim: To evaluate the stability of attachment achieved in infrabony defects by regenerative treatment over 60±12 months compared to control teeth.

Methods: Patients treated regeneratively in at least one infrabony defect between 2004 and 2010 were screened for this retrospective cohort study. Complete examinations available for baseline, 12 and 60±12 months after surgery, and a respective control tooth without treatment, provided eligibility for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13105DOI Listing

Periodontitis and gingival bleeding associate with intracranial aneurysms and risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Neurosurg Rev 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Hemorrhagic Brain Pathology Research Group, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Oral bacteria DNA has been found in intracranial aneurysms (IA) and a high prevalence of periodontitis was reported in IA patients. We investigated whether periodontitis associates with IA formation and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). First, we compared in a case-control setting the prevalence of periodontal disease in IA patients (42 unruptured IA, 34 ruptured IA) and in age- and gender-matched controls (n = 70) from the same geographical area (Health 2000 Survey, BRIF8901). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-019-01097-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Home use of interdental cleaning devices, in addition to toothbrushing, for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases and dental caries.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 10;4:CD012018. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Cochrane Oral Health, Division of Dentistry, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, Coupland Building 3, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK, M13 9PL.

Background: Dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis) affect the majority of people worldwide, and treatment costs place a significant burden on health services. Decay and gum disease can cause pain, eating and speaking difficulties, low self-esteem, and even tooth loss and the need for surgery. As dental plaque is the primary cause, self-administered daily mechanical disruption and removal of plaque is important for oral health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012018.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457073PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Oral Health in Polish Fifteen-year-old Adolescents.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2019 ;17(2):139-146

Purpose: To assess caries prevalence and periodontal condition in adolescents in Poland and investigate the factors related to oral health.

Materials And Methods: A national survey was carried out among 615 15-year-olds of both sexes living in urban and rural areas. Subjects were selected via cluster sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a42373DOI Listing
January 2019

A Comparison of the Effects of a Powered and Manual Toothbrush on Gingivitis and Plaque: A Randomized Parallel Clinical Trial.

J Clin Dent 2019 Mar;30(Spec No A):A24-29

Salus Research, Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Objectives: To compare the effect of a powered and a manual toothbrush on gingivitis and plaque following two and four weeks of home use.

Methods: This was a randomized, parallel-design, single-blind clinical trial. Eligible participants were generally healthy non-smoking manual toothbrush users aged 18-65 years, with a plaque score of = 1. Read More

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A Randomized Parallel Study to Compare the Effects of Powered and Manual Tooth Brushing on Gingival Health and Plaque.

J Clin Dent 2019 Mar;30(Spec No A):A16-23

Salus Research, Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Objectives: To compare the effect of powered and manual tooth brushing on plaque and gingivitis following two and six weeks of home use.

Methods: This was a randomized, three-arm, parallel-design clinical trial. Eligible participants were manual toothbrush users who were generally healthy non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with a plaque score of = 1. Read More

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A Comparison of the Effect of Two Power Toothbrushes on the Reduction of Gingival Inflammation and Supragingival Plaque.

J Clin Dent 2019 Mar;30(Spec No A):A9-15

Salus Research, Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Objectives: To compare the effect of the Philips Sonicare DiamondClean Smart and Oral-B Genius 8000 powered toothbrushes on gingivitis, gingival bleeding, and supragingival plaque reduction following 42 days of home use.

Methods: This was a randomized, parallel, examiner-blinded, prospective clinical trial with two treatment groups. Eligible participants were generally healthy volunteers who were manual toothbrush users, non-flossers, 18-65 years of age. Read More

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March 2019
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The Effects of Use of a Powered and a Manual Home Oral Hygiene Regimen on Plaque and Gum Health in an Orthodontic Population.

J Clin Dent 2019 Mar;30(Spec No A):A1-8

Salus Research, Fort Wayne, IN, USA.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of two home use oral hygiene regimens on plaque, gingivitis, and gingival bleeding on subjects undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances.

Methods: This was a randomized, parallel, single-center clinical trial. Eligible study subjects fit the following profile: age 12-65 years; nonsmoker; plaque score of = 2. Read More

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March 2019
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Evaluation of the Addition of a Water Flosser to Manual Brushing on Gingival Health.

J Clin Dent 2018 Dec;29(4):81-86

Water Pik, Inc., Fort Collins, CO., USA.

Objectives: The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the use of a manual toothbrush plus water flosser to a manual toothbrush alone on clinical signs of inflammation.

Methods: Seventy-two subjects were randomized into two groups and completed this four-week, single-blind, parallel, clinical trial. Group 1 used a Waterpik®Water Flosser (WF) once daily and brushed with a manual toothbrush twice a day. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

The influence of an anti-inflammatory diet on gingivitis. A randomized controlled trial.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 2;46(4):481-490. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Restorative, Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.

Aim: Aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an anti-inflammatory diet on different parameters in patients with gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: Thirty patients were randomly allocated to an experimental and a control group stratified by their plaque values. The experimental group had to change to a diet low in processed carbohydrates and animal proteins, and rich in omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, vitamin D, antioxidants, plant nitrates and fibres for 4 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13094DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparative assessment of plaque removal and motivation between a manual toothbrush and an interactive power toothbrush in adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances: A single-center, examiner-blind randomized controlled trial.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2019 Apr;155(4):462-472

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Introduction: The objective of this 2-arm parallel trial was to determine the plaque removal efficacy (main outcome) and the motivation assessment (secondary outcome) comparing a manual versus an interactive power toothbrush in orthodontic patients.

Methods: Sixty adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances in both arches were randomized in a 1:1 ratio in this parallel, randomized, examiner-blind controlled clinical trial. Eligibility criteria included at least 16 natural teeth, 1-6 "focus care areas," plaque score of ≥1. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08895406193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.12.013DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

High Plaque Levels after Thorough Toothbrushing: What Impedes Efficacy?

JDR Clin Trans Res 2019 Apr 14;4(2):135-142. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Department of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Objectives:: Previous studies have shown high levels of dental plaque after toothbrushing and poor toothbrushing performance. There is a lack of evidence about what oral hygiene behavior predicts persistent plaque. The present cross-sectional study thus relates toothbrushing behavior to oral cleanliness after brushing and to gingivitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2380084418813310DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Honey in oral health and care: A mini review.

J Oral Biosci 2019 Mar 3;61(1):32-36. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Research Unit, Mangalore Institute of Oncology, Pumpwell, Mangalore 575002, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Background: Honey is a natural product made from the nectar of flowers by honey bees and has over 200 compounds in it, including sugars, water, organic acids, minerals and polyphenols - the exact structure and composition of honey often determined by which plant source(s) the honey bee took the nectar from. Honey has been used in diets and medicines for thousands of years; however, this review, for the first time, aims to look at its place in modern medicine concerning oral health.

Highlight: The present review for the first time attempted to address the protective effect of honey in the oral care. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13490079183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.job.2018.12.003DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Risk factors associated with oral manifestations and oral health impact of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a multicentre, cross-sectional study in Pakistan.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 30;9(3):e021458. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a relatively common disorder and manifests with extraoesophageal symptoms, such as dental erosions (DE), cough, laryngitis, asthma, and oral soft- and hard-tissue pathologies. This study aimed (1) to identify oral soft and hard-tissue changes in patients with GORD and (2) to evaluate these oral changes as indices for assessing GORD and its severity.

Setting: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four major tertiary care government hospitals, in two metropolitan cities of Pakistan. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-02145
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021458DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads
2.063 Impact Factor

Protective Effect of UP446 on Ligature-Induced Periodontitis in Beagle Dogs.

Dent J (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;7(2). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Unigen Inc., 2121 South State Street, Suite #400, Tacoma, WA 98405, USA.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of the gum caused by a formation of a plaque that triggers immune responses and inflammation leading to the destruction of tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Chronic usage of synthetic chemicals and antibiotics is limited by undesired adverse events to the host. A botanical composition (UP446), which consists primarily of bioflavonoids such as baicalin from roots of and catechins from heartwoods of , was evaluated for its effect on ligature-induced periodontal disease in beagle dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/dj7020033DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Tobacco-use patterns and self-reported oral health outcomes: A cross-sectional assessment of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study, 2013-2014.

J Am Dent Assoc 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Background: Few studies consider simultaneously the oral health implications of nontraditional tobacco products and tobacco-use patterns. The authors aimed to evaluate self-reported gingival disease among cigarette smokers and users of other types of tobacco products.

Methods: The authors used survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression to assess associations between different tobacco products, use patterns (for example, dual or multiple tobacco product use or product switching); and lifetime history of gingival disease diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00028177183083
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adaj.2018.12.004DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A short-term study of the effects of ozone irrigation in an orthodontic population with fixed appliances.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2019 Mar;20(1):15-18

University-Hospital at Pisa, Dept. of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Area Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy - Istituto Stomatologico Toscano, Foundation for Dental Clinic, Research and Continuing Education, Versilia General Hospital, Lido di Camaiore (LU), Italy.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical efficacy of chlorhexidine and ozonised water in the oral hygiene maintenance of orthodontic patients.

Materials And Methods: Study design: This is a prospective clinical study. Thirty patients with orthodontic brackets were selected at the Versilia General Hospital (Lido di Camaiore, Italy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23804/ejpd.2019.20.01.03DOI Listing

Nonsurgical periodontal therapy based on the principles of cause-related therapy: rationale and case series.

Quintessence Int 2019 ;50(5):370-376

Cause-related therapy is key in the management and resolution of the two most common oral diseases: dental caries and periodontal disease. This is the first phase of treatment for those diseases. The aim is to remove, reduce, or eliminate the main causes of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.qi.a42292DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluation of milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor-factor VIII and IL-1β levels in gingival crevicular fluid and saliva in periodontal disease and health.

Odontology 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Science, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this study is to determine the levels of MFG-E8 and interleukin (IL)-1β in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) associated with periodontal health and disease. Whole saliva and GCF samples were obtained from systemically healthy participants who were either periodontally healthy (n = 24) or suffered from gingivitis (n = 25) or chronic periodontitis (n = 25). Full-mouth clinical periodontal measurements, including bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival index, plaque index, and clinical attachment level were also recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10266-019-00419-5DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Oral health status of athletes with an intellectual disability competing in the Special Olympics GB National Games 2017.

Br Dent J 2019 Mar;226(6):423-426

Chair Oral Health in Special Needs, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Background The aim of this paper is to describe the oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities competing in the Special Olympics, GB National Games, held in Sheffield in August 2017.Methods and materials A convenience sample of athletes who participated in the Special Olympics Special Smiles screening programme was used. All data was recorded on validated Healthy Athletes screening forms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-019-0049-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of sugar-free chewing gum on plaque and gingivitis among 14-15-year-old school children: A randomized controlled trial.

Indian J Dent Res 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):61-66

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India.

Aim: The aim of the study was to find out the effect of sugar-free chewing gums (xylitol and sorbitol) on plaque and gingivitis among 14-15-year-old school children.

Materials And Methods: A single center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted on 14-15-year-old children. Sample size was determined to be 48. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_247_17DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Gingival crevicular fluid resistin levels in chronic periodontitis with type 2 diabetes before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy: A clinico-biochemical study.

Indian J Dent Res 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):47-51

Department of Periodontics, Oxford Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aim: Periodontitis and diabetes mellitus share a bidirectional relationship. Resistin is an adipocytokine shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hence, the present study aims to estimate the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on GCF resistin levels in healthy individuals with gingivitis and well controlled diabetics with periodontitis, and correlate the same with HbA1c levels of the diabetic subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_215_17DOI Listing

Plaque control and reduction of gingivitis: The evidence for dentifrices.

Periodontol 2000 2019 02;79(1):221-232

Department of Periodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

This paper focuses on plaque control and the management of gingivitis in adults and summarizes the evidence of commercially available dentifrices as gathered from existing systematic reviews. Three internet sources were used to search for appropriate papers (up to and including February 2017). The search strategy was designed to include any systematic review published on dentifrices that also included an evaluation of plaque and gingivitis scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/prd.12257DOI Listing
February 2019

The Role of Bacterial Biofilms in Dental Caries and Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases: A Historical Perspective.

J Dent Res 2019 Apr;98(4):373-385

2 Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Over the last hundred years, groundbreaking research in oral microbiology has provided a broad and deep understanding about the oral microbiome, its interactions with our body, and how the community can affect our health, be protective, or lead to the development of dental diseases. During this exciting journey, hypotheses were proposed, and concepts were established, discarded, and later revisited from updated perspectives. Dental plaque, previously considered a polymicrobial community of unspecific pathogenicity, is recognized as microbial biofilms with healthy, cariogenic, or periodontopathogenic profiles, resulting from specific ecologic determinants and host factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034519830686DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Desquamative gingivitis: a systematic review of possible treatments.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2019 Mar-Apr;33(2):637-642. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Oral Medicine Section, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

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March 2019
2 Reads

Impaired osseointegration of dental implants associated with orthognathic surgery: Possible regional acceleratory phenomenon.

Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Regional acceleratory phenomenon (RAP) is demonstrated to decrease regional bone mineral density and accelerate bone turnover. Hypothesizing that RAP can negatively affect the osseointegration of biomaterials, this study aimed to investigate the possible influence of the RAP on dental implant osseointegration.

Materials And Methods: Orthognathic surgery, one of the major surgeries on oral and maxillofacial region was set as intervention for RAP. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cid.12745
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cid.12745DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Implementation of the new classification of periodontal diseases: Decision-making algorithms for clinical practice and education.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr;46(4):398-405

European Research Group on Periodontology, Genova, Italy.

Background: Implementation of the new classification of periodontal diseases requires careful navigation of the new case definitions and organization of the diagnostic process along rationale and easily applicable algorithms. The aim of this report was to describe the rationale for one such approach designed for clinical practice and education.

Methods: The authors developed empiric decision-making algorithms based on the new classification to effectively discriminate between the key periodontal diagnoses of periodontal health, gingivitis and periodontitis. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jcpe.13104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13104DOI Listing
April 2019
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Dental and periodontal health in adults with eating disorders: A case-control study.

J Dent 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Periodontology, Odontology Unit, AP-HP, GH Paris-Est, Rothschild Hospital, Paris, France; UFR of Odontology, University of Paris Diderot, 5 rue Garancière, Paris, France; Laboratory Orofacial Pathologies, Imaging and Biotherapies, EA 2496, Dental School, University of Paris Descartes, 1 rue Maurice Arnoux, 92120 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study evaluates dental and periodontal health in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa patients.

Methods: Seventy females with eating disorders (36 anorexia nervosa) attending a public hospital Psychiatry and Addiction unit were compared with age-matched controls (n = 70). Full-mouth examination and oral hygiene behaviours were recorded for all participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Rare Diseases with Periodontal Manifestations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 9;16(5). Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Oral Surgery and Dental Emergency Care, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Alfred-Herrhausen-Strasse 45, 58455 Witten, Germany.

: The object of this paper was to provide an overview of rare diseases (RDs) with periodontal manifestations and allocate them to relevant categories. : In ROMSE, a database for "Rare Diseases with Orofacial Involvement", all 541 entities were analyzed with respect to manifestations of periodontal relevance. Inclusion criteria were periodontally relevant changes to the oral cavity, in accordance with the 2018 version of the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427617PMC
March 2019
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Oral mucosal complications in orthodontic treatment.

Minerva Stomatol 2019 Apr;68(2):84-88

Department of Orthodontics, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy -

Background: Orthodontic therapy is used to solve numerous oral problems, but the use of fixed oral devices can also impact negatively the oral cavity, if the treatment is not steadily under control. The aim of this study is to evaluate tooth, bone and soft tissues lesions due to the presence of fixed orthodontic appliances.

Methods: One hundred patients with fixed orthodontic appliances were included in the study. Read More

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https://www.minervamedica.it/index2.php?show=R18Y2019N02A008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4970.18.04127-4DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effect of oral health behavior and demographic variables on gingival health in 11-16-year-old school children in Chandigarh, India: A cross-sectional study.

J Investig Clin Dent 2019 Mar 10:e12405. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Pedodontics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical, Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Aims: The aims of the present study were to assess the prevalence and pattern of gingival bleeding on probing (BOP) and to evaluate the effect of oral health behavior and demographic determinants on gingival health in 11-16-year-old school children in Chandigarh, India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study, using stratified random sampling, was conducted across two age groups, 11-13 years and 14-16 years, and two socioeconomic strata: upper and lower. The World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Questionnaire for Children was used to record the data, and the WHO Community Periodontal Index (modified) was used to assess gingival BOP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jicd.12405DOI Listing

The Efficacy and Safety of a Herbal Toothpaste in Reducing Gingivitis: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Allocation Clinical Trial.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 3;2019:3764936. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Department of Preventive Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Aim: To examine the efficacy and safety of the toothpaste containing Rhizoma Chuanxiong and Rhizoma Imperatae extracts in reducing gingivitis.

Method: A double-blind clinical trial was conducted, in which 120 volunteers were randomly assigned to the test group ( = 60) or the control group ( = 60). Tetramethylpyrazine, senkyunolide A, ferulic acid, and ligustilide are the main effective components of Rhizoma Chuanxiong and Rhizoma Imperatae contains the main components of cylindrin, carotene, 5-hydroxytryptamine, potassium, and calcium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3764936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378009PMC
February 2019
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Epidemiological Profile of the Pathologies of the Oral Cavity in a Peruvian Population: A 9-Year Retrospective Study of 18,639 Patients.

ScientificWorldJournal 2019 3;2019:2357013. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Professor of the Stomatology School, Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru.

Aim: To determine the epidemiological profile of oral diseases in a marginal urban Peruvian population.

Methods: A 9-year retrospective study was conducted, analysing 18,639 clinical records from the María Auxiliadora Hospital between 2006 and 2015 with diagnoses of oral lesions using ICD-10 criteria. Clinical records were analysed for sex, tumour, periapical abscess and sinus, cysts of the oral region, other lesions of the oral mucosa and cavity, gingivitis and periodontal disease, dentofacial anomalies, diseases of pulp, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2357013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377946PMC
February 2019
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Is there an association between asthma and periodontal disease among adults? Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Life Sci 2019 Apr 6;223:74-87. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Laboratory of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil. Electronic address:

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate a possible association between asthma and periodontal disease in adults. This study was conducted by Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and the searches were performed on the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, LILACS, OpenGrey e Google Scholar. In this systematic review, observational studies with adult humans, which evaluated patients with and without asthma, were selected to verify the association between both diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.03.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read