13,835 results match your criteria Gingivitis


Effect of mHealth in improving oral hygiene: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Periodontology, Federal University Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of mobile applications and text messages, compared with conventional oral hygiene instructions, for improving oral health knowledge and/or reducing gingival inflammation, when delivered to adolescents, adults and mothers of young children.

Methods: Randomized clinical trials evaluating the use of mobile applications or text messages related to oral hygiene and/or oral health education were screened. A search was performed in the Medline-PubMed, Scopus and Embase databases and the gray literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13083DOI Listing
February 2019

The Guardians of the Periodontium - Sequential and Differential Expression of Antimicrobial Peptides during Gingival Inflammation. Results from in vivo and in vitro studies.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Periodontology, Operative and Preventive Dentistry, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Aim: To evaluate the sequential and differential expression of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), human beta-defensins (hBD-2, hBD-3), CC-chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20), S100A7/psoriasin (S100A7), and calgranulin A/B (S100A8, S100A9), during the development of an experimentally induced gingivitis in humans.

Material And Methods: In twenty healthy volunteers, gingival inflammation was induced by abstention from oral hygiene at 6 teeth. Bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque index (PI) were assessed, and gingival biopsies and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were collected at 8 different time-points (t0-t35). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13084DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing Effectiveness of an Audiovisual Educational Tool for Improving Dental Students' Probing Depth Consistency.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Srividya Prabhu, DMD, MSD, is in private practice in Mason, OH; Vanchit John, BDS, MDS, DDS, MSD, is Chair, Department of Periodontics and Allied Dental Programs, Indiana University School of Dentistry; Steven B. Blanchard, DDS, MS, is Director of Graduate Periodontics, Indiana University School of Dentistry; George J. Eckert, MAS, is Biostatistician Supervisor, Department of Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Medicine; and Yusuke Hamada, DDS, MSD, is Associate Program Director, Department of Periodontics and Allied Dental Programs, Indiana University School of Dentistry

Dental students often underestimate their probing depth (PD) measurements, which emphasizes the need for effective and novel methods for teaching proper probing technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of audiovisual learning aids, recorded from the point of view of examiners, for improvement in PD agreement in dental students. In 2017-18, 22 third-year dental students were randomized into test and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.052DOI Listing
February 2019

Foreign body gingivitis: An uncommon iatrogenic simulant of oral lichenoid mucositis.

JAAD Case Rep 2019 Feb 31;5(2):173-175. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdcr.2018.11.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357549PMC
February 2019

Dietary phosphorus enhances inflammatory response: A study of human gingivitis.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Applied Oral Sciences, Forsyth Institute, Harvard School of Dental Medicine Affiliate, Cambridge, MA, USA; College of Advancing & Professional Studies (CAPS), University of Massachusetts Boston (UMB), Boston, MA, USA; Department of Pathology, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Erie, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Phosphates are associated with numerous disorders, ranging from vascular calcification to premature aging, possibly because of an increased inflammatory response. We therefore investigated the association of dietary phosphorus with gingivitis. We analyzed consumption of both phosphorus and sugar and related it to the concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers in saliva samples collected from 8314 children (mean age, 9. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09600760183068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2019.01.023DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The efficacy of baking soda dentifrice in controlling plaque and gingivitis -A systematic review.

Int J Dent Hyg 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Periodontology Academic Centre for Dentistry.

Aim: To test the efficacy of a dentifrice containing baking soda (BS), compared with dentifrice without BS for controlling plaque and gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: MEDLINE-PubMed, and Cochrane-CENTRAL were searched. The inclusion criteria were randomized controlled clinical trials including healthy participants aged 18 years or older. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idh.12390DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring oral healthcare management across Australian community pharmacies using case vignettes.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: In Australia, more than 80% of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants are consulted for oral healthcare advice up to five times or more each week. This study assesses Australian community pharmacy staff's (pharmacists and pharmacy assistants) ability to recognize and manage common oral health presentations using case vignettes, and determine whether appropriate identification and management are associated with self-reported confidence.

Methods: Five oral healthcare case vignettes were developed based on previous literature by a multidisciplinary team of dental and pharmacy practitioner academics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12448DOI Listing
February 2019

Evidence-based strategy for dental biofilms: Current evidence of mouthwashes on dental biofilm and gingivitis.

Jpn Dent Sci Rev 2019 Nov 31;55(1):33-40. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Division of Cariology, Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2-5274, Gakkocho-dori, Chuo-ku, Niigata 951-8514, Japan.

Therapeutic mouthwash (MW) is an adjunctive tool along with a regular oral hygiene routine of daily tooth brushing and daily flossing. Previous systematic reviews have demonstrated that it is effective against dental biofilm and gingival inflammation, for prevention of dental caries, and for managing one's bad breath condition according to the active ingredients. MWs prevent the microorganisms from bacterial adhesion that corresponds to the initial step in biofilm formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdsr.2018.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354555PMC
November 2019

Feline bartonellosis key issues and possible vectors

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):309-315

Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, ul. Głęboka 30, 20-612 Lublin, Poland

Bartonellosis is a disease caused by Bartonella spp. microorganisms which belong to the Rickettsiales order. This disease is a zoonosis, B. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Efficacy of regular professional brushing by a dental nurse for 3 months in nursing home residents - a randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Int J Dent Hyg 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

University of Cologne, Centre of Dental Medicine, Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Kerpener Str. 32, 50931, Köln, Germany.

Objectives: The oral health of nursing home residents is poor for various reasons. Many require help for oral hygiene. Regular professional brushing by a dental nurse should improve oral hygiene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idh.12389DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors affecting on dental cleaning behavior among Iranian pregnant women with gingivitis.

Int J Dent Hyg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Objective: Despite the importance of oral health during pregnancy and its consequences for mother and child, dental cleaning behavior is ineffective among pregnant women; therefore, the prevalence of gingivitis is high in this group. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting dental cleaning behavior among Iranian pregnant women with gingivitis.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Sanandaj city, in the west of Iran in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idh.12387DOI Listing
January 2019

Increased tooth brushing frequency is associated with reduced gingival pocket bacterial diversity in patients with intracranial aneurysms.

PeerJ 2019 25;7:e6316. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Molecule Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the association of tooth brushing frequency and bacterial communities of gingival crevicular fluid in patients subjected to preoperative dental examination prior to operative treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

Methods: Gingival crevicular fluid samples were taken from their deepest gingival pocket from a series of hospitalized neurosurgical patients undergoing preoperative dental screening ( = 60). The patients were asked whether they brushed their teeth two times a day, once a day, or less than every day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6316DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348950PMC
January 2019

experimentally induces periodontis and an anti-CCP2-associated arthritis in the rat.

Ann Rheum Dis 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

SAINBIOSE, INSERM U1059, University of Lyon, Saint-Etienne, France

Objectives: Association between periodontal disease (PD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been extensively described, but direct evidence of causal involvement of PD in RA is missing. We investigated the priming role of oral () in PD and subsequent RA and we assessed biomarkers of bone resorption and arthritis development in rats. METHODS : Lewis rats were orally exposed to either , or control gel for 1 month and then followed for 8 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-213697DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Palatal fenestration after orthodontic treatment. Intermodal approach and evolution. A case report.

J Clin Exp Dent 2018 Dec 1;10(12):e1242-e1245. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Valencia (Spain). C/ Gascó Oliag 1, 46010 Valencia Spain.

A 15-year-old patient is referred to the Department of Periodontics of the University of Valencia. The patient reported dissatisfaction with the position of upper right canine after orthodontic treatment. Previously, in a private center, surgical approaches were performed for the traction of the canine included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55376DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343982PMC
December 2018

The role of natural salivary defences in maintaining a healthy oral microbiota.

J Dent 2019 Jan;80 Suppl 1:S3-S12

Periodontology and Oral Microbiology, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: To provide an update on our current understanding of how saliva and its various constituents directly and indirectly affect oral bacteria and thereby play a role in the modulation and maintenance of a healthy oral microbiota and also the associations with symbiosis and dysbiosis.

Methods: The search for biomedical literature on saliva and its antimicrobial activities (years 1966 to 2017) was conducted in PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases.

Results: This review underlines that saliva plays an essential role in shaping and maintaining the ecological equilibrium of the resident oral microbiota. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.08.010DOI Listing
January 2019

A randomised clinical trial to determine the effect of a toothpaste containing enzymes and proteins on gum health over 3 months.

J Dent 2019 Jan;80 Suppl 1:S26-S32

Clinical Trials Group, Bristol Dental School, University of Bristol, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS1 2LY, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study tested the efficacy of a toothpaste containing enzymes and proteins reflecting those naturally occurring in saliva which play an important role in maintaining bacterial balance to improve gingival health condition and reduce supra-gingival plaque formation over a period of 13 weeks as compared to a commercial control toothpaste.

Methods: This study was a double-blind, randomised, parallel group, 3 month home use study in healthy volunteers. Non-smokers with a mean modified gingival index (MGI) score of between 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.12.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Gingival health status in individuals using different types of toothpaste.

J Dent 2019 Jan;80 Suppl 1:S13-S18

Periodontology and Oral Microbiology, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: To examine the relationship between the medium term use (>1 year) of a toothpaste containing natural enzymes and proteins (Zendium™) upon gingival index, plaque index and bleeding index compared to medium term use of toothpastes without antimicrobial/antiinflammatory ingredients.

Methods: A total of 305 participants eligible for inclusion were grouped according to their toothpaste use and matched with regard to gender and age (18-30, 31-55 and 56+ years of age). A total of 161 persons were using a toothpaste which contained enzymes and proteins (Zendium™, test group), and 144 persons were using a toothpaste without these ingredients (control group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.08.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Lumps and Bumps of the Gingiva: A Pathological Miscellany.

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Academic Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine and Pathology, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2TA, UK.

Lesions of the gingivae are amongst the commonest lesions seen in patients and the vast majority are reactive hyperplasias, related to a number of chronic irritant stimuli. However, there are a number of entities that have a predilection for the gingivae, which are much less common in other parts of the oral cavity. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the clinical and histological differential diagnoses when presented with a lump on the gingivae, including the approach to diagnosis and diagnostic pitfalls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-019-01000-wDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Antioxidant therapy (lycopene and green tea extract) in periodontal disease: A promising paradigm.

J Indian Soc Periodontol 2019 Jan-Feb;23(1):25-30

Department of Periodontology, Inderprastha Dental College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Increased oxidative stress has emerged as one of the prime factors in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. Hence, antioxidant therapy may become a promising tool in the treatment of periodontal disease. Uric acid (UA) being a major antioxidant in saliva can be used as a marker to assess the total antioxidant capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jisp.jisp_277_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334550PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Inhibitory effects of azithromycin on the adherence ability of Porphyromonas Gingivalis.

J Periodontol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Periodontology, Department of Oral Interdisciplinary Medicine, Kanagawa Dental University, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major pathogen, and has a high detection rate in periodontal disease. Fimbriae and hemagglutinin are expressed by P. gingivalis, and these play an important role in the adherence of the bacteria to periodontal tissue and biofilm formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.18-0559DOI Listing
January 2019

Experimental mucositis/gingivitis in persons aged 70 or over: microbiological findings and prediction of clinical outcome.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Division of Periodontology, University Clinics of Dental Medicine, University of Geneva, 1 rue Michel-Servet, 1211, Geneva 4, Switzerland.

Objectives: To assess in persons aged 70 years or older the microbiological alterations occurring around implants and natural teeth during and after 3 weeks of undisturbed plaque accumulation. Furthermore, to test the predictive value of several markers at baseline for the extent of inflammation around implants and teeth after this period.

Materials And Methods: Twenty partially edentulous participants with titanium implants refrained from oral hygiene practices while being clinically monitored in weekly intervals for 21 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-019-02815-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of dental students' knowledge and patient care towards HIV/AIDS individuals.

Eur J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

School of Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil.

Purpose: The aim was to evaluate the knowledge of the students of dental students regarding patients care towards HIV positive individuals.

Methods: Two hundred and eighty-three dental students (pre-clinical, n = 45; clinical, n = 238) answered an electronic questionnaire, approaching biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS and knowledge of HIV infection. Data were present as an average from findings from students of nine different semesters, grouping them by pre-clinical (1-4) and clinical (5-9) semesters, from two different university campuses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eje.12423DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

N-acetyl cysteine versus chlorhexidine mouthwashes in prevention and treatment of experimental gingivitis: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Maurice H. Kornberg School of Dentistry, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) mouthwash with chlorhexidine (CHX) in prevention and treatment of experimental gingivitis MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty subjects were assigned randomly and blindly into one of three equal groups: NAC, CHX, or placebo group. The study was conducted in two stages: preventive and treatment substudies. Professional prophylaxis was performed ahead of starting the preventive substudy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-019-02813-3DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
2.352 Impact Factor

Comparison of closed root planing with versus without concurrent doxycycline hyclate or clindamycin hydrochloride gel application for the treatment of periodontal disease in dogs.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2019 Feb;254(3):373-379

OBJECTIVE To compare improvements in values for periodontal disease indices in dogs following treatment with closed root planing (CRP) alone, CRP with concurrent 8.5% doxycycline hyclate gel application, and CRP with concurrent 2% clindamycin hydrochloride reverse-polymer hydrogel application. DESIGN Randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.254.3.373DOI Listing
February 2019

Periodontal status and clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients: A systematic review.

Oral Dis 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Dentistry Graduate Program, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to identify clinical outcomes following kidney transplantation associated with periodontal status.

Material And Methods: A systematic review was conducted and included cross-sectional, case-control, or cohort studies published until August 2018 from PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Science Direct, and CENTRAL. The research was carried out using the following descriptors: "kidney transplantation," "chronic renal failure," "periodontal diseases," "periodontitis," "chronic periodontitis," "gingival hyperplasia," and "gingivitis. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/odi.13040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13040DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Real time detection and quantification of Epstein Barr virus in different grades of oral gingivitis and periodontitis patients.

J Exp Ther Oncol 2019 Jan;13(1):9-14

Department of Pathology & Microbiology, Saraswati Dental & Medical College, Lucknow - 227105, India.

Background: Periodontal diseases are of microbial etiology and are globally causing loss of teeth in adult population. Many severe oral diseases have been recently associated to Herpes viruses, of which Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) have been indicated in the etiology of periodontal diseases.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of EBV in different types of periodontal diseases namely acute gingivitis, chronic gingivitis, acute and chronic, localized and generalized aggressive (juvenile) periodontitis and apical periodontitis. Read More

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January 2019
3 Reads

Juvenile dermatomyositis: is periodontal disease associated with dyslipidemia?

Adv Rheumatol 2018 Sep 5;58(1):28. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Pediatric Rheumatology Unit, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua Joel Jorge de Melo, 600 apto 121, Vila Mariana, São Paulo, SP, 04128-081, Brazil.

Background: Association between periodontal disease and dyslipidemia was recently reported in healthy adults. However, a systematic evaluation of concomitant periodontal diseases and lipid profile was not carried out in juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). A cross-section study was performed in 25 JDM patients and 25 healthy controls, assessing demographic data, periodontal evaluation, fasting lipoproteins and anti-lipoprotein lipase antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42358-018-0024-xDOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Immunohistochemical study of CD34 and podoplanin in periodontal disease.

J Periodontal Res 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Dentistry, Oral Pathology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Background And Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in gingival tissue biopsy specimens of individuals with clinically healthy gingiva, chronic gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (n = 30 per clinical condition).

Material And Methods: Histological sections were stained using hematoxylin and eosin as well as immunohistochemically with hematopoietic progenitor cell antigen CD34 and podoplanin (PDPN) antibodies to evaluate the microvascular count, area, and perimeter of blood and lymphatic vessels, respectively.

Results: The results revealed a correlation between the microvascular count of blood and lymphatic vessels (P = 0. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jre.12635
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jre.12635DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Topical oral 1-tetradecanol complex in the treatment of periodontal diseases in cats.

J Feline Med Surg 2019 Jan 17:1098612X18820734. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

2 Red Bank Veterinary Hospital, Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Red Bank, NJ, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the treatment of chronic periodontal disease with an oral application of tetradecanol complex (1-TDC) in cats.

Methods: The test group (n = 9) received 1-TDC (525 mg per gel capsule/day) and the placebo group (n = 4) received olive oil (0.25 ml per gel capsule/day) for 6 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1098612X18820734DOI Listing
January 2019

The depth of the implant mucosal tunnel modifies the development and resolution of experimental peri-implant mucositis: A case-control study.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Feb 7;46(2):248-255. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Background: Resolution and prevention of peri-implant mucositis are a key in preventing peri-implantitis. This case-control study aims to assess the modifying effect of a deep mucosal tunnel (DMT) on the induction and resolution phases of experimental peri-implant mucositis.

Methods: Nineteen subjects with a tissue level implant were assigned to cases (DMT, depth ≥3 mm) or controls (shallow mucosal tunnel ≤1 mm, SMT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13066DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Salivary levels of MPO, MMP-8 and TIMP-1 are associated with gingival inflammation response patterns during experimental gingivitis.

Cytokine 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Section of Periodontology, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the association between salivary levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil elastase (NE), soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and gingival inflammation development during an experimental gingivitis study.

Methods: A three-week experimental gingivitis study was conducted. Clinical recordings of dental plaque biofilm (Modified Quigley Hein Plaque Index, TQHPI) and gingival inflammation (Modified Gingival Index, MGI) were made at specific time points for each of the 42 participants. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10434666183047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2018.12.002DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

A Clinical Investigation of a Dual Zinc plus Arginine Dentifrice in Reducing Established Dental Plaque and Gingivitis Over a Six-Month Period of Product Use.

J Clin Dent 2018 Sep;29(Spec No A):A33-40

Colgate-Palmolive Technology Center, Piscataway, NJ, USA.

Objectives: The objective of this single-center, double-blind, parallel-group, randomized six-month clinical study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a new Dual Zinc plus Arginine dentifrice (Colgate-Palmolive Co., New York, NY, USA) containing zinc (zinc oxide, zinc citrate) 0.96%, 1. Read More

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September 2018

Changing the Paradigm of Daily Prevention to Achieve Whole Mouth Health in the 21st Century.

J Clin Dent 2018 Sep;29(Spec No A):A1-9

Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, University of Leeds, UK.

A comprehensive mechanical plaque control program - designed, monitored, and reinforced by dental professionals - can help patients achieve excellent oral hygiene and oral health. However, this approach to prevention is impractical for many individuals, so dental caries and periodontal disease are highly prevalent globally. Experts recently agreed that a toothpaste with fluoride and a plaque control agent can augment mechanical procedures to simultaneously prevent caries and periodontal disease. Read More

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September 2018
14 Reads

Understanding the pathophysiology behind chairside diagnostics and genetic testing for IL-1 and IL-6.

Oral Dis 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Periodontology, Creighton University School of Dentistry, Omaha, Nebraska.

In order for chairside diagnostic testing to make an impact on dental therapy, practitioners require a better understanding of genetic mutations contributing to the pathophysiology of periodontal disease. Commensal and pathogenic bacterial colonization in oral cavity tissues produces a cascade of proinflammatory signaling pathways ultimately detrimental to host tissues. Resolving inflammation is a multifactorial process involving the downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines while allowing commensal bacterial levels to return to normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13030DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Reply to: "Comment on 'Desquamative gingivitis: Clinical findings and diseases'".

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Mar 26;80(3):e59. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina; Department of Dermatology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.035DOI Listing

Comment on "Desquamative gingivitis: Clinical findings and diseases".

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Mar 26;80(3):e57-e58. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Dermatology Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.08.064DOI Listing

Oral hygiene, prevalence of gingivitis, and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Sarlahi District, Nepal.

BMC Oral Health 2019 Jan 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The oral health status of pregnant women in low-resource communities such as Nepal has not been well characterized. This sub-population is also of specific interest given associations between poor oral health and adverse pregnancy outcomes previously documented in other settings. We explored relationships between gingivitis and risk factors among pregnant women in rural Nepal. Read More

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https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-018-0681-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321675PMC
January 2019
7 Reads
1.147 Impact Factor

Changes in plaque and gingivitis levels after tooth bleaching: A systematic review.

Int J Dent Hyg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

ETEP (Etiology and Therapy of Periodontal Diseases) Research Group, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of external tooth-bleaching products on plaque indices and to compare it to a placebo or a negative control.

Methods: A protocol was developed aimed to answer the next focused question: What is the effect of tooth bleaching compared to no treatment or a placebo, in subjects without periodontitis aged ≥18 years in the levels of plaque and gingivitis? Two electronic databases were used as sources in the search for studies satisfying the inclusion criteria: (a) The National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE via PubMed); (b) Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.

Results: Only randomized controlled trials were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idh.12382DOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical Impact and Cosmetic Acceptability of Chlorhexidine-enriched Toothpaste and Mouthwash Application on Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Clinical Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Nov 1;19(11):1295-1300. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Innovation and Development, ISDIN S.A., Barcelona, Spain, Phone: +34 932 402 020, e-mail:

Aims: Oral hygiene is key to prevent periodontal disease (PD). The efficacy of chlorhexidine-containing products has been largely proven, often being tooth discoloration an unwanted associated side-effect. Importantly, some differences related to the pharmaceutical presentation of these products have also been reported. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Oral lichen planus. Case report and literature review].

Rev Alerg Mex 2018 Oct-Dec;65(4):424-430

Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Facultad de Odontología, División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Durango, México.

Background: Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory skin disease of autoimmune nature, with infiltration of T lymphocytes that destroy the basal stratum, which causes white striae, erosions, ulcers and breaks in epithelial continuity.

Case Report: 54-year-old woman with multiple reticular and erosive lesions in the region of the buccal mucosa and lateral borders of the tongue, as well as desquamative gingivitis. Treatment with mometasone was started thrice daily for 20 days and intermittently with miconazole gel to prevent iatrogenic mycosis by the corticosteroid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v65i4.342DOI Listing
January 2019

Characterizing the Subgingival Microbiome of Pregnant African American Women.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Objective: To generate preliminary data about the subgingival microbiome of pregnant African American women to calculate power for a future larger study and to explore associations among the microbiome, periodontal inflammation, and preterm birth.

Design: Comparative descriptive pilot study design.

Setting: Urban area in the southeastern United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018

[Relationship of orthodontic treatment and periodontal soft tissue health].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 12;36(6):595-601

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Periodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

With the increasing number of the orthodontic patients, the relationship between periodontal and orthodontic becomes increasingly close. Orthodontic treatment can improve periodontal status, but the adverse clinical problems of periodontal tissue during orthodontic treatment are relatively common. In this paper, we discuss the problems of soft tissue, including causes, prevention, and treatment of gingivitis, gingival enlargement, gingival recession, and gingival invagination in orthodontic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7518/hxkq.2018.06.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of fruit and vegetables intake in periodontal diseases: A systematic review.

Dent Med Probl 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):431-439

Institute of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poland.

Periodontal diseases affect up to 90% of the population worldwide. Deficiencies in vitamins, minerals and polyphenolic compounds, whose main sources are fruit and vegetables (F&V), may predispose to these diseases. The PICO (Patient, Intervention of interest, Comparison or Control Intervention, and Outcome) question was: What is the effect of F&V intake on the outcomes of periodontal diseases, observed in either experimental or observational studies of human populations suffering from periodontitis or gingivitis, compared to controls without intervention or healthy people. Read More

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http://www.dmp.umed.wroc.pl/ahead-of-print/99072.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/dmp/99072DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 12 27;12:CD004625. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

University of Dundee, Dental School & Hospital, Park Place, Dundee, Tayside, UK, DD1 4HN.

Background: Many dentists or hygienists provide scaling and polishing for patients at regular intervals, even for those at low risk of developing periodontal disease. There is debate over the clinical and cost effectiveness of 'routine scaling and polishing' and the optimal frequency at which it should be provided for healthy adults.A 'routine scale and polish' treatment is defined as scaling or polishing, or both, of the crown and root surfaces of teeth to remove local irritational factors (plaque, calculus, debris and staining), which does not involve periodontal surgery or any form of adjunctive periodontal therapy such as the use of chemotherapeutic agents or root planing. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub5DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Comparative evaluation of chlorhexidine and cinnamon extract used in dental unit waterlines to reduce bacterial load in aerosols during ultrasonic scaling.

Indian J Dent Res 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):749-754

Department of Microbiology, MGV's KBH Dental College and Hospital, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Dental unit waterlines (DUWL) are believed to be a source of infection. Ultrasonic instruments generate aerosols with significantly greater numbers of bacteria. Chlorhexidine (CHX) exhibits significant antiseptic effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_571_17DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

An open-label, interventional, single-center, prospective clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of "AHPL/AYTAB/1514" in patients suffering from halitosis.

Indian J Dent Res 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):732-738

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Objectives: The main objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of AHPL/AYTAB/1514 tablet in patients suffering from halitosis.

Methodology: Fifty four patients were recruited in the study. Patients were advised to take maximum two tablets or at least one tablet four times a day (depending on tolerability of the drug) orally for 60 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_201_16DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria.

Niger Postgrad Med J 2018 Oct-Dec;25(4):239-245

Department of Oral Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Purpose: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene cause pain and have an effect on activities of children such as playing, sleeping, eating and school attendance. Previous studies on the prevalence of dental caries and poor oral hygiene have focused more on urban than rural communities in the developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess dental caries and oral hygiene status of schoolchildren in rural communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/npmj.npmj_138_18DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Current Status of Proteomic Technologies for Discovering and Identifying Gingival Crevicular Fluid Biomarkers for Periodontal Disease.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 26;20(1). Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Division of Clinical Mass Spectrometry, Chiba University Hospital, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8677, Japan.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental biofilms. To eliminate the bacteria, immune system cells release substances that inflame and damage the gums, periodontal ligament, or alveolar bone, leading to swollen bleeding gums, which is a sign of gingivitis. Damage from periodontal disease can cause teeth to loosen also. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20010086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337088PMC
December 2018

Entamoeba gingivalis - prevalence and correlation with dental caries in children from rural and urban regions of Lublin Province, Eastern Poland.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2018 Dec 18;25(4):656-658. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Chair and Department of Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.

Introduction: Entamoeba gingivalis, as the name implies. typically lives around the gumline of the teeth in the tartar and gingival pockets of the oral cavity. Pathogenicity of protozoa in the oral cavity is not completely understood. Read More

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http://www.journalssystem.com/aaem/Entamoeba-gingivalis-the-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/80403DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Main Oral Manifestations in Immune-Mediated and Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 25;8(1). Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Internal Medicine, IRCCS Fondazione Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milano, Italy.

Oral manifestations are frequent in patients with rheumatic diseases. The aim of this review is to offer readers practical advice concerning the onset, diagnosis and treatment of the main oral manifestations encountered in rheumatological and dental clinics. Signs and symptoms such as oral hyposalivation, xerostomia, temporomandibular joint disorders, periodontal disease, and dysphagia may be the first expression of a number of rheumatic diseases. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/1/21
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351952PMC
December 2018
7 Reads